表紙
市場調查報告書
商品編碼
1033959

全球生物基市場-生物化學品、生物聚合物、生物材料、生物塗層/油漆:2021

The Global Bio-based Market Report 2021: Bio-Chemicals, Bio-Polymers, Bio-Materials and Bio-Coatings & Paints

出版日期: | 出版商: Future Markets, Inc. | 英文 897 Pages, 250 Figures, 150 Tables | 訂單完成後即時交付

價格
  • 全貌
  • 簡介
  • 目錄
簡介

消費者對高性能、可回收和可生物降解的生物基材料的需求和法規不斷增加,以支持向可持續製造和產品的過渡。生物質衍生材料包括散裝化學品、平台化學品、溶劑、聚合物、生物複合材料等。

本報告對全球生物基市場進行調查和分析,並提供有關生物基化學品、生物聚合物、生物塑料、天然纖維、木質素和生物基油漆和塗料的詳細市場分析的系統資料。

目錄

第 1 章調查方法

第 2 章生物基化學品

  • 類型
  • 生產能力
  • 生物基己二酸
  • 11-氨基十一烷酸 (11-AA)
  • 1,4-丁二醇 (1,4-BDO)
  • 十二烷二酸 (DDDA)
  • 環氧氯丙烷 (ECH)
  • 乙烯
  • 糠醛
  • 5-氯甲基糠醛 (5-CMF)
  • 2,5-法蘭羧酸 (2,5-FDCA)
  • 法蘭羧酸甲酯 (FDME)
  • 異山梨醇
  • 衣康酸
  • 3-羥基丙酸 (3-HP)
  • 5 羥甲基糠醛 (HMF)
  • 乳酸 (D-LA)
  • 乳酸-L-乳酸 (L-LA)
  • 丙交酯
  • 左旋葡萄糖酮
  • 乙□丙酸
  • 單乙二醇 (MEG)
  • 單丙二醇 (MPG)
  • 粘康酸
  • 石腦油
  • 五亞甲基二異氰酸酯
  • 1,3-丙二醇 (1,3-PDO)
  • 癸二酸
  • 琥珀酸 (SA)

第 3 章生物聚合物和生物塑料

  • 全球塑料市場
  • 生物基/可再生塑料
  • 可生物降解和可堆肥的塑料
  • 優點和缺點
  • 生物基/可生物降解塑料的類型
  • 市場領導者:按生物基/生物降解塑料的類型
  • 合成生物基聚合物
  • 天然生物基聚合物
  • 生物基/可持續塑料生產:按地區
  • 生物塑料市場細分
  • 生物基化學品/生物聚合物/生物塑料公司簡介
    • 9Fiber, Inc.
    • ADBioplastics
    • Advanced Biochemical (Thailand) Co., Ltd.
    • AGRANA Staerke GmbH
    • Algix LLC
    • AlgiKnit
    • AMSilk GmbH
    • An Phat Bioplastics
    • Ankor Bioplastics Co., Ltd.
    • Anellotech, Inc.
    • Anqing He Xing Chemical Co., Ltd.
    • Applied Bioplastics
    • Aquafil S.p.A.
    • Aquapak Polymers Ltd
    • Archer Daniel Midland Company (ADM)
    • Arctic Biomaterials Oy
    • Arkema S.A
    • Arlanxeo
    • Arrow Greentech
    • Arzeda Corp.
    • Attis Innovations, llc
    • AVA Biochem AG
    • Avantium B.V.
    • Avani Eco
    • Ayas Renewables Inc.
    • Azolla
    • BASF SE
    • BBCA Biochemical & GALACTIC Lactic Acid Co., Ltd.
    • Bcomp ltd.
    • Bioextrax AB
    • Bio Fab NZ
    • BIO-FED
    • Biofibre GmbH
    • Biofine Technology, LLC
    • BioLogiQ, Inc.
    • Bioextrax AB
    • Biomass Resin Holdings Co., Ltd.
    • Biome Bioplastics
    • BIOTEC GmbH & Co. KG
    • Biofiber Tech Sweden AB
    • Bioplastech Ltd
    • Biotrem
    • BlockTexx Pty Ltd.
    • BluCon Biotech GmbH
    • Blue BioFuels, Inc.
    • Bluepha Beijing Lanjing Microbiology Technology Co., Ltd.
    • Bolt Threads
    • Borealis AG
    • Borregaard Chemcell
    • Bosk Bioproducts Inc.
    • B-PREG
    • Braskem SA
    • Bio Fab NZ
    • Carbiolice
    • Carbios
    • Cardia Bioplastics Ltd.
    • CARAPAC Company
    • Cargill
    • Catalyxx
    • Cathay Industrial Biotech, Ltd.
    • Celanese Corporation
    • Cellucomp Ltd.
    • Cellugy
    • Cellutech AB (Stora Enso)
    • CH-Bioforce Oy
    • Checkerspot, Inc.
    • Chempolis Oy
    • Chongqing Bofei Biochemical Products Co., Ltd.
    • Chuetsu Pulp & Paper Co., Ltd.
    • Circa Group
    • CJ CheilJedang Corporation
    • Corumat, Inc.
    • Clariant AG
    • Cristal Union Group
    • Cruz Foam
    • CuanTec Ltd.
    • Daicel Polymer Ltd.
    • Daio Paper Corporation
    • DAK Americas LLC
    • Danimer Scientific LLC
    • Diamond Green Diesel LLC
    • DIC Corporation
    • Dongying Hebang Chemical Corp.
    • Dow, Inc.
    • Royal DSM N.V
    • DuFor Resins B.V.
    • DuPont
    • DuPont Tate & Lyle Bio Products Co., LLC
    • Eastman Chemical Ltd. Corporation
    • Ecoshell
    • Ecovia Renewables
    • Ecovative Design LLC
    • EggPlant Srl
    • EMS-Grivory
    • Eni S.p.A.
    • Eranova
    • Esbottle Oy
    • Evolved By Nature
    • Evonik Industries AG
    • Fairbrics
    • Far Eastern New Century Corporation
    • Fiberlean Technologies
    • Fiberight
    • FKuR Kunststoff GmbH
    • Floreon
    • Foamplant BV
    • Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC
    • Fraunhofer Institute for Structural Durability and System Reliability LBF
    • Fuji Pigment Co., Ltd.
    • Full Cycle Bioplastics LLC
    • Futerro
    • Futuramat Sarl
    • Galatea Biotech Srl
    • Gen3Bio
    • Genecis Bioindustries, Inc.
    • Genomatica
    • Grabio Greentech Corporation
    • Granbio Technologies
    • Grupp MAIP
    • GS Alliance Co. Ltd
    • Guangzhou Bio-plus Materials Technology Co., Ltd.
    • Haldor Topsoe A/S
    • Hattori Shoten K.K.
    • Hebei Casda Biomaterials Co., Ltd.
    • Hebei Jiheng Chemical Co., Ltd.
    • Hebei Xinhua Lactic Acid Co.
    • Heilongjiang Chenneng Bioengineering Ltd.
    • Henan Jindan Lactic Acid Technology Co., Ltd.
    • Henan Xinghan Biological Technology Co., Ltd.
    • Hengshui Jinghua Chemical Co., Ltd.
    • Hengli Petrochemical
    • Hokuetsu Toyo Fibre Co., Ltd.
    • Hubei Guangshui National Chemical Co., Ltd.
    • Humintech GmbH
    • Hunan Anhua Lactic Acid Co
    • India Glycols Ltd.
    • Indochine Bio Plastiques (ICBP) Sdn Bhd
    • Indorama Ventures Public Co. Ltd.
    • Inovyn
    • Inspidere B.V.
    • Ioniqa
    • Itaconix
    • Jiangsu Anpon Electrochemical Co., Ltd
    • Jiangsu Jinhe Hi-Tech Co., Ltd.
    • Jiangsu Senda Biological Engineering Co., Ltd.
    • Jiangsu Torise Biomaterials Co., Ltd
    • Jiangsu Yangnong Chemical Group Co., Ltd.
    • Jiangsu Zhongzheng Biochemical Co., Ltd.
    • Jilin COFCO Biomaterial Corporation
    • JinHui ZhaoLang High Technology Co., Ltd.
    • Jungbunzlauer Suisse AG
    • Kaneka Corporation
    • Kingfa Sci. & Tech. Co. Ltd.
    • Kolon Industries, Inc.
    • Kraig Biocraft Laboratories
    • LAM'ON
    • Lactips S.A.
    • LCY Biosciences
    • Lean Orb
    • Lenzing AG
    • LEUNA-Harze GmbH
    • Lingrove, Inc.
    • Lixea Limited
    • Locus Fermentation Solutions
    • Loick Biowertstoff GmbH
    • Loliware LLC
    • LOTTE Chemical Corporation
    • LyondellBasell Industries Holdings B.V.
    • Made of Air GmbH
    • Mango Materials, Inc.
    • Marea
    • Marine Innovation Co., Ltd
    • MedPHA Bio-Tech Co., Ltd.
    • Meghmani Finechem Ltd.
    • Mercurius Biorefining Inc
    • METabolic EXplorer S.A. (METEX)
    • Metgen Oy
    • Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
    • Mitsubishi Polyester Film GmbH
    • Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.
    • Mobius
    • Mogu S.r.l.
    • Multibax Public Co., Ltd.
    • Mura Technology Limited
    • Musashino Chemical Laboratory, Ltd.
    • MYCL
    • MycoWorks
    • Nabaco, Inc.
    • Nafigate Corporation a.s.
    • Nanollose Ltd
    • Nantong Cellulose Fibers Co., Ltd
    • Nantong Jiuding Biological Engineering Co., Ltd.
    • NatPol
    • Natural Fiber Welding, INc.
    • NatureWorks LLC
    • NefFa
    • Neste Oyj
    • Newlight Technologies LLC
    • New Zealand Natural Fibers (NZNF)
    • NEXE Innovations Inc.
    • Ningbo Huanyang Chemical Co., Ltd.
    • Ningbo Tianan Biologic Material
    • Nippon Paper Industries
    • Norske Skog AS
    • Northern Technologies International
    • Notpla
    • Novamont S.p.A.
    • Novomer
    • NUREL S.A.
    • Nxtlevvel
    • Oakbio, Inc.
    • Oimo
    • Oleon N.V.
    • Oji Paper Company
    • Origin Materials
    • Paques Biomaterials
    • PHABuilder
    • PHB Industrial S.A.
    • Photanol B.V.
    • Plafco Fibertech Oy
    • Plantic Technologies Ltd.
    • Plantics B.V.
    • Polaris Renewables LLC
    • Polyferm
    • Pond Biomaterials
    • PT Intera Lestari Polimer
    • PTT MCC Biochem Co., Ltd.
    • Qnature UG
    • Radical Plastics
    • Radici Group
    • Red Avenue New Materials Group Co., Ltd.
    • RenCom AB
    • Relement BV
    • Ripro Corporation
    • Rodenburg Biopolymers B.V.
    • Roquette S.A.
    • RWDC Industries
    • Samyang Corporation
    • Saphium Biotechnology GMBH
    • Saudi Basic Industries Corp. (SABIC)
    • Sebacic Oman SAOC
    • Seevix Material Sciences Ltd.
    • Sebiplast s.r.l.
    • S-EnPol Co., Ltd.
    • Seiko PMC Corporation
    • Shandong Baisheng Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
    • Shandong Fuwin New Material Co., Ltd.
    • Shandong Landian Biological Technology Co., Ltd.
    • Shandong Minji Chemical Co., Ltd.
    • Shandong Siqiang Chemical Group Co., Ltd.
    • Shanghai Tong-Jie-Liang Biomaterials Co., Ltd.
    • Shanxi Leda Biochemical Co., Ltd.
    • Shanxi Zhengang Chemical Co., Ltd.
    • Shenghong Group
    • Shenzhen Ecomann Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
    • Shenzhen Esun Industrial Co., Ltd.
    • SK Chemicals Co., Ltd.
    • Smartfiber AG
    • Solvay SA
    • Soma Bioworks/White Lemur Co.
    • Spectrus Sustainable Solutions Pvt Ltd
    • Spiber, Inc.
    • Spidey Tek
    • Spolchemie
    • STORA ENSO OYJ
    • Sulapac Oy
    • Sulzer Chemtech AG
    • Sunar Misir
    • SUPLA Bioplastics
    • TAIF-NK
    • Tanin sevnica kemicna industrija
    • TBM Co., Ltd.
    • TECNARO GmbH
    • TechnipFMC
    • Teijin Ltd
    • TerraVerdae BioWorks Inc
    • Teysha Technologies Limited
    • thyssenkrupp Industrial Solutions AG
    • Tianan Biologic Material Co., Ltd.
    • Tianjin GreenBio Materials Co., Ltd
    • Tianxing Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
    • Tomtex
    • Tongliao Xinghe Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
    • Toray Industries, Inc.
    • Total Corbion PLA
    • Toyobo Co., Ltd.
    • Treemera GmbH
    • TripleW
    • UBQ Materials
    • Uluu
    • Unitika Ltd.
    • UPM-Kymmene Oyj
    • VEnvirotech Biotechnology SL
    • Virent Inc.
    • VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
    • Vynova
    • WeylChem International GmbH
    • Woodly Ltd.
    • Wuhan Sanjiang Space Good Biotech Co., Ltd.
    • Xampla
    • Xinjiang Lanshan Tunhe
    • Yield10 Bioscience, Inc.
    • Zhangjiagang Glory Chemical Industry Co., Ltd
    • Zhejiang Hangzhou Xinfu Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
    • Zhejiang Hisun Biomaterials Co., Ltd.
    • Zhejiang Youcheng New Materials Co., Ltd

第 4 章天然纖維

  • 天然纖維的製造方法、基材、用途
  • 天然纖維的優點
  • 植物(纖維素、木質纖維素)
  • 動物(纖維化蛋白質)
  • 天然纖維市場
  • 航空航天
  • 汽車
  • 建築/建造
  • 運動/休閒
  • 紡織品
  • 包裝
  • 世界天然纖維產量
  • 天然纖維公司簡介
    • 3M
    • 9Fiber, Inc.
    • Aeropowder Limited
    • AHLSTROM-MUNKSJO Oyj
    • Algix LLC
    • AlgiKnit
    • Amadou Mushroom Leather
    • AMSilk GmbH
    • Ananas Anam Ltd.
    • ANPOLY, Inc.
    • Arekapak GmbH
    • Asahi Kasei Chemicals Corporation
    • Avani Eco
    • Bambooder Biobased Fibers B.V.
    • BASF SE
    • B-PREG
    • Bast Fiber Technologies, Inc.
    • Betulium Oy
    • Beyond Leather Materials ApS
    • Biotecam
    • Bolt Threads
    • Bcomp ltd.
    • Biophilica
    • BlockTexx Pty Ltd.
    • Bucha Bio, Inc.
    • Cellicon B.V.
    • Cellucomp Ltd.
    • Cellugy
    • Cellutech AB (Stora Enso)
    • Checkerspot, Inc.
    • Chuetsu Pulp & Paper Co., Ltd.
    • Circular Systems
    • Daicel Corporation
    • DaikyoNishikawa Corporation
    • Daio Paper Corporation
    • Daishowa Paper Products Co. Ltd.
    • DENSO Corporation
    • DIC Products, Inc.
    • DKS Co. Ltd.
    • Desserto
    • Ecopel
    • Ecoshell
    • Ecovative Design LLC
    • Ehime Paper Manufacturing Co. Ltd.
    • Evolved By Nature
    • Enkev
    • Evrnu
    • Fillerbank Limited
    • Flocus
    • Fruit Leather Rotterdam
    • Fuji Pigment Co., Ltd.
    • Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd.
    • Gelatex Technologies OU
    • Grado Zero Innovation
    • Granbio Technologies
    • GS Alliance Co. Ltd
    • Hattori Shoten K.K.
    • Hexa Chemical Co. Ltd./Nature Gift
    • Hide Biotech Ltd.
    • Honext Material SL
    • Hokuetsu Toyo Fibre Co., Ltd.
    • Icytos
    • Infinited Fiber Company Oy
    • JeNaCell GmbH
    • Kao Corporation
    • Kami Shoji Company
    • Kelheim Fibres GmbH
    • Kraig Biocraft Laboratories
    • KRI Inc.
    • Kusano Sakko K.K.
    • Lenzing
    • Le Qara
    • Lingrove, Inc.
    • Living Ink
    • Lixea
    • Malai Biomaterials Design Pvt. Ltd. (Malai)
    • Marine Nanofiber Co., Ltd.
    • Marusumi Paper Company Limited
    • Masuko Sangyo Co., Ltd.
    • Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
    • Modern Meadow, Inc.
    • Mogu S.r.l.
    • Mori Machinery Co., Ltd.
    • MYCL
    • MycoWorks
    • Nanollose Ltd.
    • Natural Fiber Welding, INc.
    • Nature Coatings, Inc.
    • NefFa
    • New Zealand Natural Fibers (NZNF)
    • Nippon Paper Industries
    • Nova Kaeru
    • Oji Paper COmpany
    • Organic Disposables
    • Orange Fiber S.r.l.
    • Plafco Fibertech Oy
    • Pond Biomaterials
    • Provenance Biofabrics, Inc.
    • Qorium B.V.
    • Rengo Co., Ltd.
    • Re:newcell
    • Ripro Corporation
    • Risho Kogyo Co. Ltd.
    • SaltyCo Textiles
    • Seevix Material Sciences Ltd.
    • Seiko PMC Corporation
    • Sharp Chemical Ind. Co., Ltd.
    • Smartfiber AG
    • Spiber, Inc.
    • Spidey Tek
    • Sugino Machine Limited
    • Sulapac Oy
    • Tandem Repeat
    • TECNARO GmbH
    • Tenbro Bamboo Company
    • Tomtex
    • Toray
    • Toyota Boshoku Corporation
    • TreeToTextile AB
    • TS Tech Co., Ltd.
    • Unitika Co., Ltd.
    • UPM Biocomposites
    • Vegea srl
    • VitroLabs Inc
    • VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
    • Woodly Ltd.
    • Worn Again Technologies
    • Yoshikawakuni Plastics Industries Co., Ltd.
    • Zaara Biotech
    • Zelfo Technology

第 5 章木質素

  • 簡介
  • 木質素生產工藝
  • 木質素市場
  • 公司簡介
    • 主要公司
    • Aemetis, Inc.
    • Andritz AG
    • Anellotech, Inc.
    • Attis Innovations, llc
    • Avantium NV
    • Blue Biofuels, Inc.
    • Bloom Biorenewables SA
    • The Borregaard Group
    • Burgo Group S.p.A.
    • Cellicon B.V.
    • CH-Bioforce Oy
    • Chempolis Oy
    • CIMV
    • Clariant AG
    • Domsjö Fabriker AB
    • Domtar Paper Company LLC
    • Enerkem, Inc.
    • Enviral
    • FP Innovations
    • Fraunhofer Center for Chemical-Biotechnological Processes CBP
    • Fraunhofer Institute for Structural Durability and System Reliability LBF
    • Futurity Bio-Ventures Ltd.
    • G+E GETEC Holding GmbH
    • Global Bioenergies SA
    • Graanul Biotech OU
    • Granbio Technologies
    • exion Inc
    • Ingevity
    • Iogen Corporation
    • Kanteleen Voima
    • Klabin S.A.
    • Leaf Resources Ltd.
    • Lignin Industries
    • LignoPure GmbH
    • Lixea
    • LXP Group GmbH
    • Mehler Engineered Products GmbH
    • Metgen Oy
    • Mobius
    • NewEnergyBlue LLC
    • Nippon Paper Industries, Co. Ltd.
    • Novozymes A/S
    • ORLEN Poludnie
    • Praj Industries Ltd.
    • PRISMA Renewable Composites
    • Pure Lignin Environmental Technology Ltd.
    • Rayonier Advanced Materials
    • Red Leaf Pulp Ltd.
    • RenFuel
    • Renmatix
    • Resolute Forest Products, Inc.
    • RISE Research Institutes of Sweden AB
    • Sainc Energy Limited
    • SAPPI Biotech
    • Sekab E-Technology AB
    • Soma Bioworks/White Lemur Co.
    • Spero Renewables
    • St1 Oy
    • Stora Enso Oyj
    • SunCoal Industries GmbH
    • Suzano SA
    • Sweetwater Energy
    • TECNARO GmbH
    • UPM Biochemicals
    • Valmet Oyj
    • Versalis SpA
    • Vertoro
    • West Fraser Timber Co Ltd.
    • Xingzhenghe Chemical Co., Ltd.
    • Yokogawa Electric Corporation

第6章生物基油漆和塗料

  • 全球油漆和塗料市場
  • 生物基油漆/塗料
  • 使用生物基油漆/塗料時的挑戰
  • 生物基塗層材料的種類
  • 生物基油漆/塗料市場
  • 公司簡介
    • Advanced Biochemical (Thailand) Co., Ltd (ABT)
    • Aekyung Chemical Co., Ltd.
    • Akzo Nobel N.V.
    • Alberdingk Boley GmbH
    • allnex GmbH
    • Alfa Kimya S.A.
    • Altropol Kunststoff GmbH
    • AMSilk GmbH
    • Amyris, Inc.
    • Apeel Sciences
    • Applied Graphene Materials
    • Aquapak Polymers Ltd
    • Archroma
    • Arkema S.A.
    • AVA Biochem AG
    • Avantium B.V.
    • Baril Coatings B.V.
    • BASF SE
    • Biome Bioplastics
    • Borregaard Chemcell
    • Brightplus Oy
    • BYK-Chemie GmbH
    • Cargill Corporation
    • Celanese Corporation
    • Cellicon B.V.
    • Cellucomp Ltd.
    • Celluforce, Inc.
    • Cellugy
    • Chemical Process Services Ltd. (Bitrez)
    • Chemol Company (Seydel)
    • Clariant AG
    • Corbion N.V.
    • Cortec Corporation
    • Covestro AG
    • Cosun Beet Company
    • Croda International plc
    • Daily Polymer
    • Danimer Scientific
    • DKS Co. Ltd.
    • Domsjö Fabriker AB
    • Dow Chemical Company
    • DuPont Tate & Lyle, LLC
    • Eastman Chemical Company
    • Ecoat S.A.S
    • Eco Safety Products
    • EcoSynthetix, Inc.
    • Elementis plc
    • Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc.
    • Emery Oleochemicals LLC
    • Essential Polymers
    • Esbottle Oy
    • Ethox Chemicals LLC
    • Evonik Industries AG
    • Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC
    • Futurity Bio-Ventures Ltd.
    • Gen Corporation
    • GEON Performance Solutions
    • GFBiochemicals
    • Green Lizard Technologies Ltd
    • Hokuetsu Toyo Fibre Co., Ltd.
    • Holmen Iggesund
    • Imerys S.A.
    • India Glycol
    • Ingevity
    • Itaconix
    • IUV Srl
    • JRS Rettenmaier & Sohne GmbH
    • Kane Biotech, INc.
    • KH Neochem
    • Kraton Corporation
    • Labema (R) Laboratories
    • Lanxess AG
    • Living Ink Technologies
    • LEUNA-Harze GmbH
    • Lixea
    • LOTTE Chemical Corporation
    • The Lubrizol Corporation
    • Marusumi Paper Company Limited
    • Melodea Ltd.
    • Michelman
    • Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
    • Mitsui Chemicals, inc.
    • Mondi
    • mori
    • Nabaco, Inc.
    • Natural Fiber Welding, INc.
    • Nature Coatings, Inc.
    • NatureWorks
    • Nippon Paper Industries
    • Novamont S.p.A.
    • Nxtlevvel
    • Oji Paper COmpany
    • Omya
    • Orineo
    • OrganoClick AB
    • Osaka Gas Group
    • Perstorp AB
    • Polaris Renewables LLC
    • Polyferm
    • PPG
    • PTT MCC Biochem Co., Ltd.
    • RAW Paints
    • Relement BV
    • Rengo Co., Ltd.
    • Roquette S.A.
    • RWDC Industries
    • Sappi
    • Seevix Material Sciences Ltd.
    • S-EnPol Co., Ltd.
    • Sharp Chemical Ind. Co., Ltd.
    • Shenzhen Ecomann Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
    • SICOMIN Epoxy Systems
    • Solvay SA
    • Spidey Tek
    • Spolchemie
    • Starlite Co., Ltd.
    • Stora Enso Oyj
    • Sufresca
    • Sulapac Oy
    • Sun Chemical Corporation
    • Sugino Machine Limited
    • Synthopol Chemie
    • Take Cite Co., Ltd.
    • Vencorex (R) Chemicals
    • VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
    • Wacker Chemie AG
    • Wanhua Chemical Group Co., Ltd.
    • WeylChem International GmbH
    • Worlée-Chemie GmbH
    • Zolpan SAS

第 7 章參考資料

目錄
Product Code: BIOPOLY0623

There is growing consumer demand and regulatory push for bio-based materials with high performance, good recyclability and biodegradable properties to underpin transition towards more sustainable manufacturing and products. Materials from biomass sources include bulk chemicals, platform chemicals, solvents, polymers, and biocomposites.

The many processes to convert biomass components to value-added products and fuels can be classified broadly as biochemical or thermochemical. In addition, biotechnological processes that rely mainly on plant breeding, fermentation, and conventional enzyme isolation also are used.

New bio-based materials that may compete with conventional materials are emerging continually, and the opportunities to use them in existing and novel products are explored in this publication.

Contents include:

  • In depth market analysis of bio-based chemical feedstocks, biopolymers, bioplastics, natural fibers and lignin, and bio-based coatings and paints.
  • Global production capacities, market demand and trends
  • Analysis of bio-based chemical including 11-Aminoundecanoic acid (11-AA), 1,4-Butanediol (1,4-BDO), Dodecanedioic acid (DDDA), Epichlorohydrin (ECH), Ethylene, Furan derivatives, 5-Chloromethylfurfural (5-CMF), 2,5-Furandicarboxylic acid (2,5-FDCA), Furandicarboxylic methyl ester (FDME), Isosorbide, Itaconic acid, 5 Hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF), Lactic acid (D-LA), Lactic acid - L-lactic acid (L-LA), Lactide, Levoglucosenone, Levulinic acid, Monoethylene glycol (MEG), Monopropylene glycol (MPG), Muconic acid, Naphtha, 1,5-Pentametylenediamine (DN5), 1,3-Propanediol (1,3-PDO), Sebacic acid and Succinic acid.
  • Analysis of synthetic bio-polymers and bio-plastics market including Polylactic acid (Bio-PLA), Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET), Polytrimethylene terephthalate (Bio-PTT), Polyethylene furanoate (Bio-PEF), Polyamides (Bio-PA), Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (Bio-PBAT), Polybutylene succinate (PBS) and copolymers, Polyethylene (Bio-PE), Polypropylene (Bio-PP)
  • Analysis of naturally produced bio-based polymers including Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA), Polysaccharides, Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC), Cellulose nanocrystals, Cellulose nanofibers, Protein-based bioplastics, Algal and fungal.
  • Analysis of types of natural fibers including plant fibers, animal fibers including alternative leather, wool, silk fiber and down and polysaccharides.
  • Markets for natural fibers, including composites, aerospace, automotive, construction & building, sports & leisure, textiles, consumer products and packaging.
  • Production capacities of lignin producers.
  • In depth analysis of biorefinery lignin production.
  • Analysis of types of bio-coatings and paints market. Including Alkyd coatings, Polyurethane coatings, Epoxy coatings, Acrylate resins, Polylactic acid (Bio-PLA), Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA), Cellulose, Rosins, Biobased carbon black, Lignin, Edible coatings, Protein-based biomaterials for coatings, Alginate etc.
  • Profiles of over 630 companies.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

2. BIO-BASED CHEMICALS

  • 2.1. Types
  • 2.2. Production capacities
  • 2.3. Bio-based adipic acid
  • 2.4. 11-Aminoundecanoic acid (11-AA)
  • 2.5. 1,4-Butanediol (1,4-BDO)
  • 2.6. Dodecanedioic acid (DDDA)
  • 2.7. Epichlorohydrin (ECH)
  • 2.8. Ethylene
  • 2.9. Furfural
  • 2.10. 5-Chloromethylfurfural (5-CMF)
  • 2.11. 2,5-Furandicarboxylic acid (2,5-FDCA)
  • 2.12. Furandicarboxylic methyl ester (FDME)
  • 2.13. Isosorbide
  • 2.14. Itaconic acid
  • 2.15. 3-Hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP)
  • 2.16. 5 Hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF)
  • 2.17. Lactic acid (D-LA)
  • 2.18. Lactic acid - L-lactic acid (L-LA)
  • 2.19. Lactide
  • 2.20. Levoglucosenone
  • 2.21. Levulinic acid
  • 2.22. Monoethylene glycol (MEG)
  • 2.23. Monopropylene glycol (MPG)
  • 2.24. Muconic acid
  • 2.25. Naphtha
  • 2.26. Pentamethylene diisocyanate
  • 2.27. 1,3-Propanediol (1,3-PDO)
  • 2.28. Sebacic acid
  • 2.29. Succinic acid (SA)

3. BIO-POLYMERS AND BIO-PLASTICS

  • 3.1. The global plastics market
    • 3.1.1. Global production
    • 3.1.2. The importance of plastic
    • 3.1.3. Issues with plastics use
    • 3.1.4. Market trends
    • 3.1.5. Bio-based plastics global production
    • 3.1.6. Main bio-plastics producers and global production capacities
      • 3.1.6.1. Producers
      • 3.1.6.2. By biobased and sustainable plastic type
      • 3.1.6.3. By region
    • 3.1.7. Global demand for bio-based and sustainable plastics 2020, by market
    • 3.1.8. Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the bioplastics market and future demand
    • 3.1.9. Challenges for the biobased and sustainable plastics market
  • 3.2. Bio-based or renewable plastics
    • 3.2.1. Drop-in bio-based plastics
    • 3.2.2. Novel bio-based plastics
  • 3.3. Biodegradable and compostable plastics
    • 3.3.1. Biodegradability
    • 3.3.2. Compostability
  • 3.4. Advantages and disadvantages
  • 3.5. Types of Bio-based and/or Biodegradable Plastics
  • 3.6. Market leaders by biobased and/or biodegradable plastic types
  • 3.7. SYNTHETIC BIO-BASED POLYMERS
    • 3.7.1. Polylactic acid (Bio-PLA)
      • 3.7.1.1. Market analysis
      • 3.7.1.2. Producers
    • 3.7.2. Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET)
      • 3.7.2.1. Market analysis
      • 3.7.2.2. Producers
    • 3.7.3. Polytrimethylene terephthalate (Bio-PTT)
      • 3.7.3.1. Market analysis
      • 3.7.3.2. Producers
    • 3.7.4. Polyethylene furanoate (Bio-PEF)
      • 3.7.4.1. Market analysis
      • 3.7.4.2. Comparative properties to PET
      • 3.7.4.3. Producers
    • 3.7.5. Polyamides (Bio-PA)
      • 3.7.5.1. Market analysis
      • 3.7.5.2. Producers
    • 3.7.6. Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (Bio-PBAT)
      • 3.7.6.1. Market analysis
      • 3.7.6.2. Producers
    • 3.7.7. Polybutylene succinate (PBS) and copolymers
      • 3.7.7.1. Market analysis
      • 3.7.7.2. Producers
    • 3.7.8. Polyethylene (Bio-PE)
      • 3.7.8.1. Market analysis
      • 3.7.8.2. Producers
    • 3.7.9. Polypropylene (Bio-PP)
      • 3.7.9.1. Market analysis
      • 3.7.9.2. Producers
  • 3.8. NATURAL BIO-BASED POLYMERS
    • 3.8.1. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA)
      • 3.8.1.1. Types
      • 3.8.1.2. Market analysis
      • 3.8.1.3. Commercially available PHAs
      • 3.8.1.4. Markets for PHAs
      • 3.8.1.5. Producers
    • 3.8.2. Polysaccharides
      • 3.8.2.1. Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)
      • 3.8.2.2. Cellulose nanocrystals
      • 3.8.2.3. Cellulose nanofibers
    • 3.8.3. Protein-based bioplastics
      • 3.8.3.1. Types, applications and producers
    • 3.8.4. Algal and fungal
      • 3.8.4.1. Algal
      • 3.8.4.2. Mycelium
    • 3.8.5. Chitosan
  • 3.9. PRODUCTION OF BIOBASED AND SUSTAINABLE PLASTICS, BY REGION
    • 3.9.1. North America
    • 3.9.2. Europe
    • 3.9.3. Asia-Pacific
      • 3.9.3.1. China
      • 3.9.3.2. Japan
      • 3.9.3.3. Thailand
      • 3.9.3.4. Indonesia
    • 3.9.4. Latin America
  • 3.10. MARKET SEGMENTATION OF BIOPLASTICS
    • 3.10.1. Packaging
    • 3.10.2. Consumer products
    • 3.10.3. Automotive
    • 3.10.4. Building & construction
    • 3.10.5. Textiles
    • 3.10.6. Electronics
    • 3.10.7. Agriculture and horticulture
  • 3.11. BIO-BASED CHEMCALS, BIOPOLYMERS AND BIOPLASTICS COMPANY PROFILES
    • 3.11.1. 9Fiber, Inc.
    • 3.11.2. ADBioplastics
    • 3.11.3. Advanced Biochemical (Thailand) Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.4. AGRANA Staerke GmbH
    • 3.11.5. Algix LLC
    • 3.11.6. AlgiKnit
    • 3.11.7. AMSilk GmbH
    • 3.11.8. An Phát Bioplastics
    • 3.11.9. Ankor Bioplastics Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.10. Anellotech, Inc.
    • 3.11.11. Anqing He Xing Chemical Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.12. Applied Bioplastics
    • 3.11.13. Aquafil S.p.A.
    • 3.11.14. Aquapak Polymers Ltd
    • 3.11.15. Archer Daniel Midland Company (ADM)
    • 3.11.16. Arctic Biomaterials Oy
    • 3.11.17. Arkema S.A
    • 3.11.18. Arlanxeo
    • 3.11.19. Arrow Greentech
    • 3.11.20. Arzeda Corp.
    • 3.11.21. Attis Innovations, llc
    • 3.11.22. AVA Biochem AG
    • 3.11.23. Avantium B.V.
    • 3.11.24. Avani Eco
    • 3.11.25. Ayas Renewables Inc.
    • 3.11.26. Azolla
    • 3.11.27. BASF SE
    • 3.11.28. BBCA Biochemical & GALACTIC Lactic Acid Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.29. Bcomp ltd.
    • 3.11.30. Bioextrax AB
    • 3.11.31. Bio Fab NZ
    • 3.11.32. BIO-FED
    • 3.11.33. Biofibre GmbH
    • 3.11.34. Biofine Technology, LLC
    • 3.11.35. BioLogiQ, Inc.
    • 3.11.36. Bioextrax AB
    • 3.11.37. Biomass Resin Holdings Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.38. Biome Bioplastics
    • 3.11.39. BIOTEC GmbH & Co. KG
    • 3.11.40. Biofiber Tech Sweden AB
    • 3.11.41. Bioplastech Ltd
    • 3.11.42. Biotrem
    • 3.11.43. BlockTexx Pty Ltd.
    • 3.11.44. BluCon Biotech GmbH
    • 3.11.45. Blue BioFuels, Inc.
    • 3.11.46. Bluepha Beijing Lanjing Microbiology Technology Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.47. Bolt Threads
    • 3.11.48. Borealis AG
    • 3.11.49. Borregaard Chemcell
    • 3.11.50. Bosk Bioproducts Inc.
    • 3.11.51. B-PREG
    • 3.11.52. Braskem SA
    • 3.11.53. Bio Fab NZ
    • 3.11.54. Carbiolice
    • 3.11.55. Carbios
    • 3.11.56. Cardia Bioplastics Ltd.
    • 3.11.57. CARAPAC Company
    • 3.11.58. Cargill
    • 3.11.59. Catalyxx
    • 3.11.60. Cathay Industrial Biotech, Ltd.
    • 3.11.61. Celanese Corporation
    • 3.11.62. Cellucomp Ltd.
    • 3.11.63. Cellugy
    • 3.11.64. Cellutech AB (Stora Enso)
    • 3.11.65. CH-Bioforce Oy
    • 3.11.66. Checkerspot, Inc.
    • 3.11.67. Chempolis Oy
    • 3.11.68. Chongqing Bofei Biochemical Products Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.69. Chuetsu Pulp & Paper Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.70. Circa Group
    • 3.11.71. CJ CheilJedang Corporation
    • 3.11.72. Corumat, Inc.
    • 3.11.73. Clariant AG
    • 3.11.74. Cristal Union Group
    • 3.11.75. Cruz Foam
    • 3.11.76. CuanTec Ltd.
    • 3.11.77. Daicel Polymer Ltd.
    • 3.11.78. Daio Paper Corporation
    • 3.11.79. DAK Americas LLC
    • 3.11.80. Danimer Scientific LLC
    • 3.11.81. Diamond Green Diesel LLC
    • 3.11.82. DIC Corporation
    • 3.11.83. Dongying Hebang Chemical Corp.
    • 3.11.84. Dow, Inc.
    • 3.11.85. Royal DSM N.V
    • 3.11.86. DuFor Resins B.V.
    • 3.11.87. DuPont
    • 3.11.88. DuPont Tate & Lyle Bio Products Co., LLC
    • 3.11.89. Eastman Chemical Ltd. Corporation
    • 3.11.90. Ecoshell
    • 3.11.91. Ecovia Renewables
    • 3.11.92. Ecovative Design LLC
    • 3.11.93. EggPlant Srl
    • 3.11.94. EMS-Grivory
    • 3.11.95. Eni S.p.A.
    • 3.11.96. Eranova
    • 3.11.97. Esbottle Oy
    • 3.11.98. Evolved By Nature
    • 3.11.99. Evonik Industries AG
    • 3.11.100. Fairbrics
    • 3.11.101. Far Eastern New Century Corporation
    • 3.11.102. Fiberlean Technologies
    • 3.11.103. Fiberight
    • 3.11.104. FKuR Kunststoff GmbH
    • 3.11.105. Floreon
    • 3.11.106. Foamplant BV
    • 3.11.107. Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC
    • 3.11.108. Fraunhofer Institute for Structural Durability and System Reliability LBF
    • 3.11.109. Fuji Pigment Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.110. Full Cycle Bioplastics LLC
    • 3.11.111. Futerro
    • 3.11.112. Futuramat Sarl
    • 3.11.113. Galatea Biotech Srl
    • 3.11.114. Gen3Bio
    • 3.11.115. Genecis Bioindustries, Inc.
    • 3.11.116. Genomatica
    • 3.11.117. Grabio Greentech Corporation
    • 3.11.118. Granbio Technologies
    • 3.11.119. Grupp MAIP
    • 3.11.120. GS Alliance Co. Ltd
    • 3.11.121. Guangzhou Bio-plus Materials Technology Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.122. Haldor Topsoe A/S
    • 3.11.123. Hattori Shoten K.K.
    • 3.11.124. Hebei Casda Biomaterials Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.125. Hebei Jiheng Chemical Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.126. Hebei Xinhua Lactic Acid Co.
    • 3.11.127. Heilongjiang Chenneng Bioengineering Ltd.
    • 3.11.128. Henan Jindan Lactic Acid Technology Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.129. Henan Xinghan Biological Technology Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.130. Hengshui Jinghua Chemical Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.131. Hengli Petrochemical
    • 3.11.132. Hokuetsu Toyo Fibre Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.133. Hubei Guangshui National Chemical Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.134. Humintech GmbH
    • 3.11.135. Hunan Anhua Lactic Acid Co
    • 3.11.136. India Glycols Ltd.
    • 3.11.137. Indochine Bio Plastiques (ICBP) Sdn Bhd
    • 3.11.138. Indorama Ventures Public Co. Ltd.
    • 3.11.139. Inovyn
    • 3.11.140. Inspidere B.V.
    • 3.11.141. Ioniqa
    • 3.11.142. Itaconix
    • 3.11.143. Jiangsu Anpon Electrochemical Co., Ltd
    • 3.11.144. Jiangsu Jinhe Hi-Tech Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.145. Jiangsu Senda Biological Engineering Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.146. Jiangsu Torise Biomaterials Co., Ltd
    • 3.11.147. Jiangsu Yangnong Chemical Group Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.148. Jiangsu Zhongzheng Biochemical Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.149. Jilin COFCO Biomaterial Corporation
    • 3.11.150. JinHui ZhaoLang High Technology Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.151. Jungbunzlauer Suisse AG
    • 3.11.152. Kaneka Corporation
    • 3.11.153. Kingfa Sci. & Tech. Co. Ltd.
    • 3.11.154. Kolon Industries, Inc.
    • 3.11.155. Kraig Biocraft Laboratories
    • 3.11.156. LAM'ON
    • 3.11.157. Lactips S.A.
    • 3.11.158. LCY Biosciences
    • 3.11.159. Lean Orb
    • 3.11.160. Lenzing AG
    • 3.11.161. LEUNA-Harze GmbH
    • 3.11.162. Lingrove, Inc.
    • 3.11.163. Lixea Limited
    • 3.11.164. Locus Fermentation Solutions
    • 3.11.165. Loick Biowertstoff GmbH
    • 3.11.166. Loliware LLC
    • 3.11.167. LOTTE Chemical Corporation
    • 3.11.168. LyondellBasell Industries Holdings B.V.
    • 3.11.169. Made of Air GmbH
    • 3.11.170. Mango Materials, Inc.
    • 3.11.171. Marea
    • 3.11.172. Marine Innovation Co., Ltd
    • 3.11.173. MedPHA Bio-Tech Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.174. Meghmani Finechem Ltd.
    • 3.11.175. Mercurius Biorefining Inc
    • 3.11.176. METabolic EXplorer S.A. (METEX)
    • 3.11.177. Metgen Oy
    • 3.11.178. Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
    • 3.11.179. Mitsubishi Polyester Film GmbH
    • 3.11.180. Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.
    • 3.11.181. Mobius
    • 3.11.182. Mogu S.r.l.
    • 3.11.183. Multibax Public Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.184. Mura Technology Limited
    • 3.11.185. Musashino Chemical Laboratory, Ltd.
    • 3.11.186. MYCL
    • 3.11.187. MycoWorks
    • 3.11.188. Nabaco, Inc.
    • 3.11.189. Nafigate Corporation a.s.
    • 3.11.190. Nanollose Ltd
    • 3.11.191. Nantong Cellulose Fibers Co., Ltd
    • 3.11.192. Nantong Jiuding Biological Engineering Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.193. NatPol
    • 3.11.194. Natural Fiber Welding, INc.
    • 3.11.195. NatureWorks LLC
    • 3.11.196. NefFa
    • 3.11.197. Neste Oyj
    • 3.11.198. Newlight Technologies LLC
    • 3.11.199. New Zealand Natural Fibers (NZNF)
    • 3.11.200. NEXE Innovations Inc.
    • 3.11.201. Ningbo Huanyang Chemical Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.202. Ningbo Tianan Biologic Material
    • 3.11.203. Nippon Paper Industries
    • 3.11.204. Norske Skog AS
    • 3.11.205. Northern Technologies International
    • 3.11.206. Notpla
    • 3.11.207. Novamont S.p.A.
    • 3.11.208. Novomer
    • 3.11.209. NUREL S.A.
    • 3.11.210. Nxtlevvel
    • 3.11.211. Oakbio, Inc.
    • 3.11.212. Oimo
    • 3.11.213. Oleon N.V.
    • 3.11.214. Oji Paper Company
    • 3.11.215. Origin Materials
    • 3.11.216. Paques Biomaterials
    • 3.11.217. PHABuilder
    • 3.11.218. PHB Industrial S.A.
    • 3.11.219. Photanol B.V.
    • 3.11.220. Plafco Fibertech Oy
    • 3.11.221. Plantic Technologies Ltd.
    • 3.11.222. Plantics B.V.
    • 3.11.223. Polaris Renewables LLC
    • 3.11.224. Polyferm
    • 3.11.225. Pond Biomaterials
    • 3.11.226. PT Intera Lestari Polimer
    • 3.11.227. PTT MCC Biochem Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.228. Qnature UG
    • 3.11.229. Radical Plastics
    • 3.11.230. Radici Group
    • 3.11.231. Red Avenue New Materials Group Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.232. RenCom AB
    • 3.11.233. Relement BV
    • 3.11.234. Ripro Corporation
    • 3.11.235. Rodenburg Biopolymers B.V.
    • 3.11.236. Roquette S.A.
    • 3.11.237. RWDC Industries
    • 3.11.238. Samyang Corporation
    • 3.11.239. Saphium Biotechnology GMBH
    • 3.11.240. Saudi Basic Industries Corp. (SABIC)
    • 3.11.241. Sebacic Oman SAOC
    • 3.11.242. Seevix Material Sciences Ltd.
    • 3.11.243. Sebiplast s.r.l.
    • 3.11.244. S-EnPol Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.245. Seiko PMC Corporation
    • 3.11.246. Shandong Baisheng Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.247. Shandong Fuwin New Material Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.248. Shandong Landian Biological Technology Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.249. Shandong Minji Chemical Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.250. Shandong Siqiang Chemical Group Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.251. Shanghai Tong-Jie-Liang Biomaterials Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.252. Shanxi Leda Biochemical Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.253. Shanxi Zhengang Chemical Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.254. Shenghong Group
    • 3.11.255. Shenzhen Ecomann Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.256. Shenzhen Esun Industrial Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.257. SK Chemicals Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.258. Smartfiber AG
    • 3.11.259. Solvay SA
    • 3.11.260. Soma Bioworks/White Lemur Co.
    • 3.11.261. Spectrus Sustainable Solutions Pvt Ltd
    • 3.11.262. Spiber, Inc.
    • 3.11.263. Spidey Tek
    • 3.11.264. Spolchemie
    • 3.11.265. STORA ENSO OYJ
    • 3.11.266. Sulapac Oy
    • 3.11.267. Sulzer Chemtech AG
    • 3.11.268. Sunar Misir
    • 3.11.269. SUPLA Bioplastics
    • 3.11.270. TAIF-NK
    • 3.11.271. Tanin sevnica kemicna industrija
    • 3.11.272. TBM Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.273. TECNARO GmbH
    • 3.11.274. TechnipFMC
    • 3.11.275. Teijin Ltd
    • 3.11.276. TerraVerdae BioWorks Inc
    • 3.11.277. Teysha Technologies Limited
    • 3.11.278. thyssenkrupp Industrial Solutions AG
    • 3.11.279. Tianan Biologic Material Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.280. Tianjin GreenBio Materials Co., Ltd
    • 3.11.281. Tianxing Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.282. Tômtex
    • 3.11.283. Tongliao Xinghe Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.284. Toray Industries, Inc.
    • 3.11.285. Total Corbion PLA
    • 3.11.286. Toyobo Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.287. Treemera GmbH
    • 3.11.288. TripleW
    • 3.11.289. UBQ Materials
    • 3.11.290. Uluu
    • 3.11.291. Unitika Ltd.
    • 3.11.292. UPM-Kymmene Oyj
    • 3.11.293. VEnvirotech Biotechnology SL
    • 3.11.294. Virent Inc.
    • 3.11.295. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
    • 3.11.296. Vynova
    • 3.11.297. WeylChem International GmbH
    • 3.11.298. Woodly Ltd.
    • 3.11.299. Wuhan Sanjiang Space Good Biotech Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.300. Xampla
    • 3.11.301. Xinjiang Lanshan Tunhe
    • 3.11.302. Yield10 Bioscience, Inc.
    • 3.11.303. Zhangjiagang Glory Chemical Industry Co., Ltd
    • 3.11.304. Zhejiang Hangzhou Xinfu Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.305. Zhejiang Hisun Biomaterials Co., Ltd.
    • 3.11.306. Zhejiang Youcheng New Materials Co., Ltd

4. NATURAL FIBERS

  • 4.1. Manufacturing method, matrix materials and applications of natural fibers
  • 4.2. Advantages of natural fibers
  • 4.3. Plants (cellulose, lignocellulose)
    • 4.3.1. Seed fibers
      • 4.3.1.1. Cotton
      • 4.3.1.2. Kapok
      • 4.3.1.3. Luffa
    • 4.3.2. Bast fibers
      • 4.3.2.1. Jute
      • 4.3.2.2. Hemp
      • 4.3.2.3. Flax
      • 4.3.2.4. Ramie
      • 4.3.2.5. Kenaf
    • 4.3.3. Leaf fibers
      • 4.3.3.1. Sisal
      • 4.3.3.2. Abaca
    • 4.3.4. Fruit fibers
      • 4.3.4.1. Coir
      • 4.3.4.2. Banana
      • 4.3.4.3. Pineapple
    • 4.3.5. Stalk fibers from agricultural residues
      • 4.3.5.1. Rice fiber
      • 4.3.5.2. Corn
    • 4.3.6. Cane, grasses and reed
      • 4.3.6.1. Switch grass
      • 4.3.6.2. Sugarcane (agricultural residues)
      • 4.3.6.3. Bamboo
      • 4.3.6.4. Fresh grass (green biorefinery)
    • 4.3.7. Modified natural polymers
      • 4.3.7.1. Mycelium
      • 4.3.7.2. Chitosan
      • 4.3.7.3. Alginate
  • 4.4. Animal (fibrous protein)
    • 4.4.1. Wool
      • 4.4.1.1. Alternative wool materials
      • 4.4.1.2. Producers
    • 4.4.2. Silk fiber
      • 4.4.2.1. Alternative silk materials
    • 4.4.3. Leather
      • 4.4.3.1. Alternative leather materials
    • 4.4.4. Down
      • 4.4.4.1. Alternative down materials
  • 4.5. MARKETS FOR NATURAL FIBERS
    • 4.5.1. Composites
    • 4.5.2. Applications
    • 4.5.3. Natural fiber injection moulding compounds
      • 4.5.3.1. Properties
      • 4.5.3.2. Applications
    • 4.5.4. Non-woven natural fiber mat composites
      • 4.5.4.1. Automotive
      • 4.5.4.2. Applications
    • 4.5.5. Aligned natural fiber-reinforced composites
    • 4.5.6. Natural fiber biobased polymer compounds
    • 4.5.7. Natural fiber biobased polymer non-woven mats
      • 4.5.7.1. Flax
      • 4.5.7.2. Kenaf
    • 4.5.8. Natural fiber thermoset bioresin composites
  • 4.6. Aerospace
    • 4.6.1. Market overview
  • 4.7. Automotive
    • 4.7.1. Market overview
    • 4.7.2. Applications of natural fibers
  • 4.8. Building/construction
    • 4.8.1. Market overview
    • 4.8.2. Applications of natural fibers
  • 4.9. Sports and leisure
    • 4.9.1. Market overview
  • 4.10. Textiles
    • 4.10.1. Market overview
    • 4.10.2. Consumer apparel
    • 4.10.3. Geotextiles
  • 4.11. Packaging
    • 4.11.1. Market overview
  • 4.12. NATURAL FIBERS GLOBAL PRODUCTION
    • 4.12.1. Overall global fibers market
    • 4.12.2. Plant-based fiber production
    • 4.12.3. Animal-based natural fiber production
  • 4.13. NATURAL FIBER COMPANY PROFILES
    • 4.13.1. 3M
    • 4.13.2. 9Fiber, Inc.
    • 4.13.3. Aeropowder Limited
    • 4.13.4. AHLSTROM-MUNKSJO Oyj
    • 4.13.5. Algix LLC
    • 4.13.6. AlgiKnit
    • 4.13.7. Amadou Mushroom Leather
    • 4.13.8. AMSilk GmbH
    • 4.13.9. Ananas Anam Ltd.
    • 4.13.10. ANPOLY, Inc.
    • 4.13.11. Arekapak GmbH
    • 4.13.12. Asahi Kasei Chemicals Corporation
    • 4.13.13. Avani Eco
    • 4.13.14. Bambooder Biobased Fibers B.V.
    • 4.13.15. BASF SE
    • 4.13.16. B-PREG
    • 4.13.17. Bast Fiber Technologies, Inc.
    • 4.13.18. Betulium Oy
    • 4.13.19. Beyond Leather Materials ApS
    • 4.13.20. Biotecam
    • 4.13.21. Bolt Threads
    • 4.13.22. Bcomp ltd.
    • 4.13.23. Biophilica
    • 4.13.24. BlockTexx Pty Ltd.
    • 4.13.25. Bucha Bio, Inc.
    • 4.13.26. Cellicon B.V.
    • 4.13.27. Cellucomp Ltd.
    • 4.13.28. Cellugy
    • 4.13.29. Cellutech AB (Stora Enso)
    • 4.13.30. Checkerspot, Inc.
    • 4.13.31. Chuetsu Pulp & Paper Co., Ltd.
    • 4.13.32. Circular Systems
    • 4.13.33. Daicel Corporation
    • 4.13.34. DaikyoNishikawa Corporation
    • 4.13.35. Daio Paper Corporation
    • 4.13.36. Daishowa Paper Products Co. Ltd.
    • 4.13.37. DENSO Corporation
    • 4.13.38. DIC Products, Inc.
    • 4.13.39. DKS Co. Ltd.
    • 4.13.40. Desserto
    • 4.13.41. Ecopel
    • 4.13.42. Ecoshell
    • 4.13.43. Ecovative Design LLC
    • 4.13.44. Ehime Paper Manufacturing Co. Ltd.
    • 4.13.45. Evolved By Nature
    • 4.13.46. Enkev
    • 4.13.47. Evrnu
    • 4.13.48. Fillerbank Limited
    • 4.13.49. Flocus
    • 4.13.50. Fruit Leather Rotterdam
    • 4.13.51. Fuji Pigment Co., Ltd.
    • 4.13.52. Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd.
    • 4.13.53. Gelatex Technologies OÜ
    • 4.13.54. Grado Zero Innovation
    • 4.13.55. Granbio Technologies
    • 4.13.56. GS Alliance Co. Ltd
    • 4.13.57. Hattori Shoten K.K.
    • 4.13.58. Hexa Chemical Co. Ltd./Nature Gift
    • 4.13.59. Hide Biotech Ltd.
    • 4.13.60. Honext Material SL
    • 4.13.61. Hokuetsu Toyo Fibre Co., Ltd.
    • 4.13.62. Icytos
    • 4.13.63. Infinited Fiber Company Oy
    • 4.13.64. JeNaCell GmbH
    • 4.13.65. Kao Corporation
    • 4.13.66. Kami Shoji Company
    • 4.13.67. Kelheim Fibres GmbH
    • 4.13.68. Kraig Biocraft Laboratories
    • 4.13.69. KRI Inc.
    • 4.13.70. Kusano Sakko K.K.
    • 4.13.71. Lenzing
    • 4.13.72. Le Qara
    • 4.13.73. Lingrove, Inc.
    • 4.13.74. Living Ink
    • 4.13.75. Lixea
    • 4.13.76. Malai Biomaterials Design Pvt. Ltd. (Malai)
    • 4.13.77. Marine Nanofiber Co., Ltd.
    • 4.13.78. Marusumi Paper Company Limited
    • 4.13.79. Masuko Sangyo Co., Ltd.
    • 4.13.80. Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
    • 4.13.81. Modern Meadow, Inc.
    • 4.13.82. Mogu S.r.l.
    • 4.13.83. Mori Machinery Co., Ltd.
    • 4.13.84. MYCL
    • 4.13.85. MycoWorks
    • 4.13.86. Nanollose Ltd.
    • 4.13.87. Natural Fiber Welding, INc.
    • 4.13.88. Nature Coatings, Inc.
    • 4.13.89. NefFa
    • 4.13.90. New Zealand Natural Fibers (NZNF)
    • 4.13.91. Nippon Paper Industries
    • 4.13.92. Nova Kaeru
    • 4.13.93. Oji Paper COmpany
    • 4.13.94. Organic Disposables
    • 4.13.95. Orange Fiber S.r.l.
    • 4.13.96. Plafco Fibertech Oy
    • 4.13.97. Pond Biomaterials
    • 4.13.98. Provenance Biofabrics, Inc.
    • 4.13.99. Qorium B.V.
    • 4.13.100. Rengo Co., Ltd.
    • 4.13.101. Re:newcell
    • 4.13.102. Ripro Corporation
    • 4.13.103. Risho Kogyo Co. Ltd.
    • 4.13.104. SaltyCo Textiles
    • 4.13.105. Seevix Material Sciences Ltd.
    • 4.13.106. Seiko PMC Corporation
    • 4.13.107. Sharp Chemical Ind. Co., Ltd.
    • 4.13.108. Smartfiber AG
    • 4.13.109. Spiber, Inc.
    • 4.13.110. Spidey Tek
    • 4.13.111. Sugino Machine Limited
    • 4.13.112. Sulapac Oy
    • 4.13.113. Tandem Repeat
    • 4.13.114. TECNARO GmbH
    • 4.13.115. Tenbro Bamboo Company
    • 4.13.116. Tômtex
    • 4.13.117. Toray
    • 4.13.118. Toyota Boshoku Corporation
    • 4.13.119. TreeToTextile AB
    • 4.13.120. TS Tech Co., Ltd.
    • 4.13.121. Unitika Co., Ltd.
    • 4.13.122. UPM Biocomposites
    • 4.13.123. Vegea srl
    • 4.13.124. VitroLabs Inc
    • 4.13.125. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
    • 4.13.126. Woodly Ltd.
    • 4.13.127. Worn Again Technologies
    • 4.13.128. Yoshikawakuni Plastics Industries Co., Ltd.
    • 4.13.129. Zaara Biotech
    • 4.13.130. Zelfo Technology

5. LIGNIN

  • 5.1. INTRODUCTION
    • 5.1.1. What is lignin?
      • 5.1.1.1. Lignin structure
    • 5.1.2. Types of lignin
      • 5.1.2.1. Sulfur containing lignin
      • 5.1.2.2. Sulfur-free lignin from biorefinery process
    • 5.1.3. Properties
    • 5.1.4. The lignocellulose biorefinery
    • 5.1.5. Markets and applications
    • 5.1.6. Challenges for using lignin
  • 5.2. LIGNIN PRODUCTON PROCESSES
    • 5.2.1. Lignosulphonates
    • 5.2.2. Kraft Lignin
      • 5.2.2.1. LignoBoost process
      • 5.2.2.2. LignoForce method
      • 5.2.2.3. Sequential Liquid Lignin Recovery and Purification
      • 5.2.2.4. A-Recovery+
    • 5.2.3. Soda lignin
    • 5.2.4. Biorefinery lignin
      • 5.2.4.1. Commercial and pre-commercial biorefinery lignin production facilities and. processes
    • 5.2.5. Organosolv lignins
    • 5.2.6. Hydrolytic lignin
  • 5.3. MARKETS FOR LIGNIN
    • 5.3.1. Market drivers and trends for lignin
    • 5.3.2. Lignin industry developments 2020-2021
    • 5.3.3. Production capacities
      • 5.3.3.1. Technical lignin availability (dry ton/y)
      • 5.3.3.2. Biomass conversion (Biorefinery)
    • 5.3.4. Estimated consumption of lignin
    • 5.3.5. Prices
    • 5.3.6. Heat and power energy
    • 5.3.7. Pyrolysis and syngas
    • 5.3.8. Aromatic compounds
      • 5.3.8.1. Benzene, toluene and xylene
      • 5.3.8.2. Phenol and phenolic resins
      • 5.3.8.3. Vanillin
    • 5.3.9. Plastics and polymers
    • 5.3.10. Hydrogels
    • 5.3.11. Carbon materials
      • 5.3.11.1. Carbon black
      • 5.3.11.2. Activated carbons
      • 5.3.11.3. Carbon fiber
    • 5.3.12. Concrete
    • 5.3.13. Rubber
    • 5.3.14. Biofuels
    • 5.3.15. Bitumen and Asphalt
    • 5.3.16. Oil and gas
    • 5.3.17. Energy storage
      • 5.3.17.1. Supercapacitors
      • 5.3.17.2. Anodes for lithium-ion batteries
      • 5.3.17.3. Gel electrolytes for lithium-ion batteries
      • 5.3.17.4. Binders for lithium-ion batteries
      • 5.3.17.5. Cathodes for lithium-ion batteries
      • 5.3.17.6. Sodium-ion batteries
    • 5.3.18. Binders, emulsifiers and dispersants
    • 5.3.19. Chelating agents
    • 5.3.20. Ceramics
    • 5.3.21. Automotive interiors
    • 5.3.22. Fire retardants
    • 5.3.23. Antioxidants
    • 5.3.24. Lubricants
    • 5.3.25. Dust control
  • 5.4. COMPANY PROFILES
    • 5.4.1. Key players
    • 5.4.2. Aemetis, Inc.
    • 5.4.3. Andritz AG
    • 5.4.4. Anellotech, Inc.
    • 5.4.5. Attis Innovations, llc
    • 5.4.6. Avantium NV
    • 5.4.7. Blue Biofuels, Inc.
    • 5.4.8. Bloom Biorenewables SA
    • 5.4.9. The Borregaard Group
    • 5.4.10. Burgo Group S.p.A.
    • 5.4.11. Cellicon B.V.
    • 5.4.12. CH-Bioforce Oy
    • 5.4.13. Chempolis Oy
    • 5.4.14. CIMV
    • 5.4.15. Clariant AG
    • 5.4.16. Domsjö Fabriker AB
    • 5.4.17. Domtar Paper Company LLC
    • 5.4.18. Enerkem, Inc.
    • 5.4.19. Enviral
    • 5.4.20. FP Innovations
    • 5.4.21. Fraunhofer Center for Chemical-Biotechnological Processes CBP
    • 5.4.22. Fraunhofer Institute for Structural Durability and System Reliability LBF
    • 5.4.23. Futurity Bio-Ventures Ltd.
    • 5.4.24. G+E GETEC Holding GmbH
    • 5.4.25. Global Bioenergies SA
    • 5.4.26. Graanul Biotech OU
    • 5.4.27. Granbio Technologies
    • 5.4.28. exion Inc
    • 5.4.29. Ingevity
    • 5.4.30. Iogen Corporation
    • 5.4.31. Kanteleen Voima
    • 5.4.32. Klabin S.A.
    • 5.4.33. Leaf Resources Ltd.
    • 5.4.34. Lignin Industries
    • 5.4.35. LignoPure GmbH
    • 5.4.36. Lixea
    • 5.4.37. LXP Group GmbH
    • 5.4.38. Mehler Engineered Products GmbH
    • 5.4.39. Metgen Oy
    • 5.4.40. Mobius
    • 5.4.41. NewEnergyBlue LLC
    • 5.4.42. Nippon Paper Industries, Co. Ltd.
    • 5.4.43. Novozymes A/S
    • 5.4.44. ORLEN Poludnie
    • 5.4.45. Praj Industries Ltd.
    • 5.4.46. PRISMA Renewable Composites
    • 5.4.47. Pure Lignin Environmental Technology Ltd.
    • 5.4.48. Rayonier Advanced Materials
    • 5.4.49. Red Leaf Pulp Ltd.
    • 5.4.50. RenFuel
    • 5.4.51. Renmatix
    • 5.4.52. Resolute Forest Products, Inc.
    • 5.4.53. RISE Research Institutes of Sweden AB
    • 5.4.54. Sainc Energy Limited
    • 5.4.55. SAPPI Biotech
    • 5.4.56. Sekab E-Technology AB
    • 5.4.57. Soma Bioworks/White Lemur Co.
    • 5.4.58. Spero Renewables
    • 5.4.59. St1 Oy
    • 5.4.60. Stora Enso Oyj
    • 5.4.61. SunCoal Industries GmbH
    • 5.4.62. Suzano SA
    • 5.4.63. Sweetwater Energy
    • 5.4.64. TECNARO GmbH
    • 5.4.65. UPM Biochemicals
    • 5.4.66. Valmet Oyj
    • 5.4.67. Versalis SpA
    • 5.4.68. Vertoro
    • 5.4.69. West Fraser Timber Co Ltd.
    • 5.4.70. Xingzhenghe Chemical Co., Ltd.
    • 5.4.71. Yokogawa Electric Corporation

6. BIO-BASED PAINTS AND COATINGS

  • 6.1. The global paints and coatings market
  • 6.2. Bio-based paints and coatings
  • 6.3. Challenges using bio-based paints and coatings
  • 6.4. Types of bio-based coatings and materials
    • 6.4.1. Alkyd coatings
      • 6.4.1.1. Alkyd resin properties
      • 6.4.1.2. Biobased alkyd coatings
      • 6.4.1.3. Products
    • 6.4.2. Polyurethane coatings
      • 6.4.2.1. Properties
      • 6.4.2.2. Biobased polyurethane coatings
      • 6.4.2.3. Products
    • 6.4.3. Epoxy coatings
      • 6.4.3.1. Properties
      • 6.4.3.2. Biobased epoxy coatings
      • 6.4.3.3. Products
    • 6.4.4. Acrylate resins
      • 6.4.4.1. Properties
      • 6.4.4.2. Biobased acrylates
      • 6.4.4.3. Products
    • 6.4.5. Polylactic acid (Bio-PLA)
      • 6.4.5.1. Properties
      • 6.4.5.2. Bio-PLA coatings and films
    • 6.4.6. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA)
      • 6.4.6.1. Properties
      • 6.4.6.2. PHA coatings
      • 6.4.6.3. Commercially available PHAs
    • 6.4.7. Cellulose
      • 6.4.7.1. Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)
      • 6.4.7.2. Cellulose nanofibers
      • 6.4.7.3. Cellulose nanocrystals
      • 6.4.7.4. Bacterial Nanocellulose (BNC)
    • 6.4.8. Rosins
    • 6.4.9. Biobased carbon black
      • 6.4.9.1. Lignin-based
      • 6.4.9.2. Algae-based
    • 6.4.10. Lignin
      • 6.4.10.1. Application in coatings
    • 6.4.11. Edible coatings
    • 6.4.12. Protein-based biomaterials for coatings
      • 6.4.12.1. Plant derived proteins
      • 6.4.12.2. Animal origin proteins
    • 6.4.13. Alginate
  • 6.5. Market for bio-based paints and coatings
    • 6.5.1. Global market revenues to 2031, total
    • 6.5.2. Global market revenues to 2031, by market
  • 6.6. Company profiles
    • 6.6.1. Advanced Biochemical (Thailand) Co., Ltd (ABT)
    • 6.6.2. Aekyung Chemical Co., Ltd.
    • 6.6.3. Akzo Nobel N.V.
    • 6.6.4. Alberdingk Boley GmbH
    • 6.6.5. allnex GmbH
    • 6.6.6. Alfa Kimya S.A.
    • 6.6.7. Altropol Kunststoff GmbH
    • 6.6.8. AMSilk GmbH
    • 6.6.9. Amyris, Inc.
    • 6.6.10. Apeel Sciences
    • 6.6.11. Applied Graphene Materials
    • 6.6.12. Aquapak Polymers Ltd
    • 6.6.13. Archroma
    • 6.6.14. Arkema S.A.
    • 6.6.15. AVA Biochem AG
    • 6.6.16. Avantium B.V.
    • 6.6.17. Baril Coatings B.V.
    • 6.6.18. BASF SE
    • 6.6.19. Biome Bioplastics
    • 6.6.20. Borregaard Chemcell
    • 6.6.21. Brightplus Oy
    • 6.6.22. BYK-Chemie GmbH
    • 6.6.23. Cargill Corporation
    • 6.6.24. Celanese Corporation
    • 6.6.25. Cellicon B.V.
    • 6.6.26. Cellucomp Ltd.
    • 6.6.27. Celluforce, Inc.
    • 6.6.28. Cellugy
    • 6.6.29. Chemical Process Services Ltd. (Bitrez)
    • 6.6.30. Chemol Company (Seydel)
    • 6.6.31. Clariant AG
    • 6.6.32. Corbion N.V.
    • 6.6.33. Cortec Corporation
    • 6.6.34. Covestro AG
    • 6.6.35. Cosun Beet Company
    • 6.6.36. Croda International plc
    • 6.6.37. Daily Polymer
    • 6.6.38. Danimer Scientific
    • 6.6.39. DKS Co. Ltd.
    • 6.6.40. Domsjö Fabriker AB
    • 6.6.41. Dow Chemical Company
    • 6.6.42. DuPont Tate & Lyle, LLC
    • 6.6.43. Eastman Chemical Company
    • 6.6.44. Ecoat S.A.S
    • 6.6.45. Eco Safety Products
    • 6.6.46. EcoSynthetix, Inc.
    • 6.6.47. Elementis plc
    • 6.6.48. Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc.
    • 6.6.49. Emery Oleochemicals LLC
    • 6.6.50. Essential Polymers
    • 6.6.51. Esbottle Oy
    • 6.6.52. Ethox Chemicals LLC
    • 6.6.53. Evonik Industries AG
    • 6.6.54. Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC
    • 6.6.55. Futurity Bio-Ventures Ltd.
    • 6.6.56. Gen Corporation
    • 6.6.57. GEON Performance Solutions
    • 6.6.58. GFBiochemicals
    • 6.6.59. Green Lizard Technologies Ltd
    • 6.6.60. Hokuetsu Toyo Fibre Co., Ltd.
    • 6.6.61. Holmen Iggesund
    • 6.6.62. Imerys S.A.
    • 6.6.63. India Glycol
    • 6.6.64. Ingevity
    • 6.6.65. Itaconix
    • 6.6.66. IUV Srl
    • 6.6.67. JRS Rettenmaier & Sohne GmbH
    • 6.6.68. Kane Biotech, INc.
    • 6.6.69. KH Neochem
    • 6.6.70. Kraton Corporation
    • 6.6.71. Labema® Laboratories
    • 6.6.72. Lanxess AG
    • 6.6.73. Living Ink Technologies
    • 6.6.74. LEUNA-Harze GmbH
    • 6.6.75. Lixea
    • 6.6.76. LOTTE Chemical Corporation
    • 6.6.77. The Lubrizol Corporation
    • 6.6.78. Marusumi Paper Company Limited
    • 6.6.79. Melodea Ltd.
    • 6.6.80. Michelman
    • 6.6.81. Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
    • 6.6.82. Mitsui Chemicals, inc.
    • 6.6.83. Mondi
    • 6.6.84. mori
    • 6.6.85. Nabaco, Inc.
    • 6.6.86. Natural Fiber Welding, INc.
    • 6.6.87. Nature Coatings, Inc.
    • 6.6.88. NatureWorks
    • 6.6.89. Nippon Paper Industries
    • 6.6.90. Novamont S.p.A.
    • 6.6.91. Nxtlevvel
    • 6.6.92. Oji Paper COmpany
    • 6.6.93. Omya
    • 6.6.94. Orineo
    • 6.6.95. OrganoClick AB
    • 6.6.96. Osaka Gas Group
    • 6.6.97. Perstorp AB
    • 6.6.98. Polaris Renewables LLC
    • 6.6.99. Polyferm
    • 6.6.100. PPG
    • 6.6.101. PTT MCC Biochem Co., Ltd.
    • 6.6.102. RAW Paints
    • 6.6.103. Relement BV
    • 6.6.104. Rengo Co., Ltd.
    • 6.6.105. Roquette S.A.
    • 6.6.106. RWDC Industries
    • 6.6.107. Sappi
    • 6.6.108. Seevix Material Sciences Ltd.
    • 6.6.109. S-EnPol Co., Ltd.
    • 6.6.110. Sharp Chemical Ind. Co., Ltd.
    • 6.6.111. Shenzhen Ecomann Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
    • 6.6.112. SICOMIN Epoxy Systems
    • 6.6.113. Solvay SA
    • 6.6.114. Spidey Tek
    • 6.6.115. Spolchemie
    • 6.6.116. Starlite Co., Ltd.
    • 6.6.117. Stora Enso Oyj
    • 6.6.118. Sufresca
    • 6.6.119. Sulapac Oy
    • 6.6.120. Sun Chemical Corporation
    • 6.6.121. Sugino Machine Limited
    • 6.6.122. Synthopol Chemie
    • 6.6.123. Take Cite Co., Ltd.
    • 6.6.124. Vencorex® Chemicals
    • 6.6.125. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
    • 6.6.126. Wacker Chemie AG
    • 6.6.127. Wanhua Chemical Group Co., Ltd.
    • 6.6.128. WeylChem International GmbH
    • 6.6.129. Worlée-Chemie GmbH
    • 6.6.130. Zolpan SAS

7. REFERENCES

List of Tables

  • Table 1. List of Bio-based chemicals
  • Table 2. Biobased MEG producers capacities
  • Table 3. Issues related to the use of plastics
  • Table 4. Market drivers and trends in bio-based products
  • Table 5. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2018-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Table 6. Global production capacities, by producers
  • Table 7. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2019-2030, by type, in 1,000 tons
  • Table 8. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2019-2025, by region, tons
  • Table 9. Type of biodegradation
  • Table 10. Advantages and disadvantages of biobased plastics compared to conventional plastics
  • Table 11. Types of Bio-based and/or Biodegradable Plastics, applications
  • Table 12. Market leader by Bio-based and/or Biodegradable Plastic types
  • Table 13. Polylactic acid (PLA) market analysis
  • Table 14. Lactic acid producers and production capacities
  • Table 15. PLA producers and production capacities
  • Table 16. Bio-based Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET) market analysis
  • Table 17. Bio-based Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) producers
  • Table 18. Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT) market analysis
  • Table 19. Production capacities of Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT), by leading producers
  • Table 20. Polyethylene furanoate (PEF) market analysis
  • Table 21. PEF vs. PET
  • Table 22. FDCA and PEF producers
  • Table 23. Bio-based polyamides (Bio-PA) market analysis
  • Table 24. Leading Bio-PA producers production capacities
  • Table 25. Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) market analysis
  • Table 26. Leading PBAT producers, production capacities and brands
  • Table 27. Bio-PBS market analysis
  • Table 28. Leading PBS producers and production capacities
  • Table 29. Bio-based Polyethylene (Bio-PE) market analysis
  • Table 30. Leading Bio-PE producers
  • Table 31. Bio-PP market analysis
  • Table 32. Leading Bio-PP producers and capacities
  • Table 33.Types of PHAs and properties
  • Table 34. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) market analysis
  • Table 35. Commercially available PHAs
  • Table 36. Markets and applications for PHAs
  • Table 37. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) producers
  • Table 38. Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) market analysis
  • Table 39. Leading MFC producers and capacities
  • Table 40. Cellulose nanocrystals analysis
  • Table 41: Cellulose nanocrystal production capacities and production process, by producer
  • Table 42. Cellulose nanofibers market analysis
  • Table 43. CNF production capacities (by type, wet or dry) and production process, by producer, metric tonnes
  • Table 44. Types of protein based-bioplastics, applications and companies
  • Table 45. Types of algal and fungal based-bioplastics, applications and companies
  • Table 46. Overview of alginate-description, properties, application and market size
  • Table 47. Companies developing algal-based bioplastics
  • Table 48. Overview of mycelium fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 49. Companies developing mycelium-based bioplastics
  • Table 50. Overview of chitosan-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 51. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics in 2019-2025, by region, tons
  • Table 52. Biobased and sustainable plastics producers in North America
  • Table 53. Biobased and sustainable plastics producers in Europe
  • Table 54. Biobased and sustainable plastics producers in Asia-Pacific
  • Table 55. Biobased and sustainable plastics producers in Latin America
  • Table 56. Granbio Nanocellulose Processes
  • Table 57. Lactips plastic pellets
  • Table 58. Oji Holdings CNF products
  • Table 59. Application, manufacturing method, and matrix materials of natural fibers
  • Table 60. Typical properties of natural fibers
  • Table 61. Overview of cotton fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 62. Overview of kapok fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 63. Overview of luffa fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 64. Overview of jute fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 65. Overview of hemp fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 66. Overview of flax fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 67. Overview of ramie fibers- description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 68. Overview of kenaf fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 69. Overview of sisal leaf fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 70. Overview of abaca fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 71. Overview of coir fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 72. Overview of banana fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 73. Overview of pineapple fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 74. Overview of rice fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 75. Overview of corn fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 76. Overview of switch grass fibers-description, properties and applications
  • Table 77. Overview of sugarcane fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and application and market size
  • Table 78. Overview of bamboo fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 79. Overview of mycelium fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 80. Overview of chitosan fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 81. Overview of alginate-description, properties, application and market size
  • Table 82. Overview of wool fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 83. Alternative wool materials producers
  • Table 84. Overview of silk fibers-description, properties, application and market size
  • Table 85. Alternative silk materials producers
  • Table 86. Alternative leather materials producers
  • Table 87. Alternative down materials producers
  • Table 88. Applications of natural fiber composites
  • Table 89. Typical properties of short natural fiber-thermoplastic composites
  • Table 90. Properties of non-woven natural fiber mat composites
  • Table 91. Properties of aligned natural fiber composites
  • Table 92. Properties of natural fiber-bio-based polymer compounds
  • Table 93. Properties of natural fiber-bio-based polymer non-woven mats
  • Table 94. Natural fibers in the aerospace sector-market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use
  • Table 95. Natural fiber-reinforced polymer composite in the automotive market
  • Table 96. Natural fibers in the aerospace sector- market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use
  • Table 97. Applications of natural fibers in the automotive industry
  • Table 98. Natural fibers in the building/construction sector- market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use
  • Table 99. Applications of natural fibers in the building/construction sector
  • Table 100. Natural fibers in the sports and leisure sector-market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use
  • Table 101. Natural fibers in the textiles sector- market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use
  • Table 102. Natural fibers in the packaging sector-market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use
  • Table 103. Oji Holdings CNF products
  • Table 104. Technical lignin types and applications
  • Table 105. Classification of technical lignins
  • Table 106. Lignin content of selected biomass
  • Table 107. Properties of lignins and their applications
  • Table 108. Example markets and applications for lignin
  • Table 109. Processes for lignin production
  • Table 110. Biorefinery feedstocks
  • Table 111. Comparison of pulping and biorefinery lignins
  • Table 112. Commercial and pre-commercial biorefinery lignin production facilities and processes
  • Table 113. Market drivers and trends for lignin
  • Table 114. Lignin industry developments 2020-2021
  • Table 115. Production capacities of technical lignin producers
  • Table 116. Production capacities of biorefinery lignin producers
  • Table 117. Estimated consumption of lignin, 2019-2031 (000 MT)
  • Table 118. Prices of benzene, toluene, xylene and their derivatives
  • Table 119. Application of lignin in plastics and polymers
  • Table 120. Lignin-derived anodes in lithium batteries
  • Table 121. Application of lignin in binders, emulsifiers and dispersants
  • Table 122. Types of alkyd resins and properties
  • Table 123. Market summary for biobased alkyd coatings-raw materials, advantages, disadvantages, applications and producers
  • Table 124. Biobased alkyd coating products
  • Table 125. Types of polyols
  • Table 126. Polyol producers
  • Table 127. Biobased polyurethane coating products
  • Table 128. Market summary for biobased epoxy resins
  • Table 129. Biobased polyurethane coating products
  • Table 130. Biobased acrylate resin products
  • Table 131. Polylactic acid (PLA) market analysis
  • Table 132. PLA producers and production capacities
  • Table 133. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) market analysis
  • Table 134.Types of PHAs and properties
  • Table 135. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) producers
  • Table 136. Commercially available PHAs
  • Table 137. Properties of micro/nanocellulose, by type
  • Table 138. Types of nanocellulose
  • Table 139: MFC production capacities (by type, wet or dry) and production process, by producer, metric tonnes
  • Table 140. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in paints and coatings
  • Table 141. Companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in paints and coatings
  • Table 142. CNC properties
  • Table 143: Cellulose nanocrystal capacities (by type, wet or dry) and production process, by producer, metric tonnes
  • Table 144. Edible coatings market summary
  • Table 145. Types of protein based-biomaterials, applications and companies
  • Table 146. Overview of alginate-description, properties, application and market size
  • Table 147. Global market revenues for biobased paints and coatings, 2018-2031 (billions USD)
  • Table 148. Market revenues for biobased paints and coatings, 2018-2031 (billions USD), conservative estimate
  • Table 149. Market revenues for biobased paints and coatings, 2018-2031 (billions USD), high estimate
  • Table 150. Oji Holdings CNF products

List of Figures

  • Figure 1. Bio-based chemicals production capacities, 2018-2025
  • Figure 2. 1,4-Butanediol (BDO) production capacities, 2018-2025 (tonnes)
  • Figure 3. Dodecanedioic acid (DDDA) production capacities, 2018-2025 (tonnes)
  • Figure 4. Epichlorohydrin production capacities, 2018-2025 (tonnes)
  • Figure 5. Ethylene production capacities, 2018-2025 (tonnes)
  • Figure 6. L-lactic acid (L-LA) production capacities, 2018-2025 (tonnes)
  • Figure 7. Lactide production capacities, 2018-2025 (tonnes)
  • Figure 8. Bio-MEG producers capacities
  • Figure 9. Bio-MPG production capacities, 2018-2025
  • Figure 10. Naphtha production capacities, 2018-2025 (tonnes)
  • Figure 11. 1,3-Propanediol (1,3-PDO) production capacities, 2018-2025 (tonnes)
  • Figure 12. Sebacic acid production capacities, 2018-2025 (tonnes)
  • Figure 13. Global plastics production 1950-2018, millions of tons
  • Figure 14. Total global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics, all types, 000 tons
  • Figure 15. Global production capacities of bioplastics 2018-2030, in 1,000 tons by biodegradable/non-biodegradable types
  • Figure 16. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics in 2019-2030, by type, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 17. Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2019-2025, by type
  • Figure 18. Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2030, by type
  • Figure 19. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2020
  • Figure 20. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2025
  • Figure 21. Current and future applications of biobased and sustainable plastics
  • Figure 22. Global demand for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market, 2020
  • Figure 23. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market 2019-2030, tons
  • Figure 24. Challenges for the biobased and sustainable plastics market
  • Figure 25. Coca-Cola PlantBottle®
  • Figure 26. Interrelationship between conventional, bio-based and biodegradable plastics
  • Figure 27. Production capacities of Polyethylene furanoate (PEF) to 2025
  • Figure 28. PHA family
  • Figure 29. BLOOM masterbatch from Algix
  • Figure 30. Typical structure of mycelium-based foam
  • Figure 31. Commercial mycelium composite construction materials
  • Figure 32. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2020
  • Figure 33. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2025
  • Figure 34. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market 2019, 1,000 tons
  • Figure 35. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market 2020, 1,000 tons
  • Figure 36. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market 2030
  • Figure 37. PHA bioplastics products
  • Figure 38. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in packaging 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 39. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in consumer products 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 40. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in automotive 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 41. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in building and construction 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 42. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in textiles 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 43. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in electronics 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 44. Biodegradable mulch films
  • Figure 45. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in agriculture 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 46. Algiknit yarn
  • Figure 47. Bio-PA rear bumper stay
  • Figure 48. formicobio™ technology
  • Figure 49. nanoforest-S
  • Figure 50. nanoforest-PDP
  • Figure 51. nanoforest-MB
  • Figure 52. CuanSave film
  • Figure 53. ELLEX products
  • Figure 54. CNF-reinforced PP compounds
  • Figure 55. Kirekira! toilet wipes
  • Figure 56. Mushroom leather
  • Figure 57. Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE)
  • Figure 58. PHA production process
  • Figure 59. Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials
  • Figure 60. Non-aqueous CNF dispersion "Senaf" (Photo shows 5% of plasticizer)
  • Figure 61. CNF gel
  • Figure 62. Block nanocellulose material
  • Figure 63. CNF products developed by Hokuetsu
  • Figure 64. Made of Air's HexChar panels
  • Figure 65. IPA synthesis method
  • Figure 66. MOGU-Wave panels
  • Figure 67. Reishi
  • Figure 68. Nippon Paper Industries' adult diapers
  • Figure 69. Compostable water pod
  • Figure 70. CNF clear sheets
  • Figure 71. Oji Holdings CNF polycarbonate product
  • Figure 72. Manufacturing process for STARCEL
  • Figure 73. Lyocell process
  • Figure 74. Spider silk production
  • Figure 75. Sulapac cosmetics containers
  • Figure 76. Sulzer equipment for PLA polymerization processing
  • Figure 77. Teijin bioplastic film for door handles
  • Figure 78. Corbion FDCA production process
  • Figure 79. Types of natural fibers
  • Figure 80. Cotton production volume 2018-2030 (Million MT)
  • Figure 81. Kapok production volume 2018-2030 (MT)
  • Figure 82. Luffa cylindrica fiber
  • Figure 83. Jute production volume 2018-2030 (Million MT)
  • Figure 84. Hemp fiber production volume 2018-2030 (Million MT)
  • Figure 85. Flax fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT)
  • Figure 86. Ramie fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT)
  • Figure 87. Kenaf fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT)
  • Figure 88. Sisal fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT)
  • Figure 89. Abaca fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT)
  • Figure 90. Coir fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MILLION MT)
  • Figure 91. Banana fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT)
  • Figure 92. Pineapple fiber
  • Figure 93. Bamboo fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MILLION MT)
  • Figure 94. Typical structure of mycelium-based foam
  • Figure 95. Commercial mycelium composite construction materials
  • Figure 96. BLOOM masterbatch from Algix
  • Figure 97. Hemp fibers combined with PP in car door panel
  • Figure 98. Car door produced from Hemp fiber
  • Figure 99. Mercedes-Benz components containing natural fibers
  • Figure 100. AlgiKicks sneaker, made with the Algiknit biopolymer gel
  • Figure 101. Coir mats for erosion control
  • Figure 102. Global fiber production in 2019, by fiber type, million MT and %
  • Figure 103. Global fiber production (million MT) to 2020-2030
  • Figure 104. Plant-based fiber production 2018-2030, by fiber type, MT
  • Figure 105. Animal based fiber production 2018-2030, by fiber type, million MT
  • Figure 106. Pluumo
  • Figure 107. Algiknit yarn
  • Figure 108. Amadou leather shoes
  • Figure 109. Anpoly cellulose nanofiber hydrogel
  • Figure 110. MEDICELLU™
  • Figure 111. Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet
  • Figure 112. Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric
  • Figure 113. CNF nonwoven fabric
  • Figure 114. Roof frame made of natural fiber
  • Figure 115. Beyond Leather Materials product
  • Figure 116. Natural fibres racing seat
  • Figure 117. Cellugy materials
  • Figure 118. nanoforest-S
  • Figure 119. nanoforest-PDP
  • Figure 120. nanoforest-MB
  • Figure 121. Celish
  • Figure 122. Trunk lid incorporating CNF
  • Figure 123. ELLEX products
  • Figure 124. CNF-reinforced PP compounds
  • Figure 125. Kirekira! toilet wipes
  • Figure 126. Color CNF
  • Figure 127. Rheocrysta spray
  • Figure 128. DKS CNF products
  • Figure 129. Mushroom leather
  • Figure 130. CNF based on citrus peel
  • Figure 131. Citrus cellulose nanofiber
  • Figure 132. Filler Bank CNC products
  • Figure 133. Fibers on kapok tree and after processing
  • Figure 134. Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE)
  • Figure 135. CNF products from Furukawa Electric
  • Figure 136. Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials
  • Figure 137. Non-aqueous CNF dispersion "Senaf" (Photo shows 5% of plasticizer)
  • Figure 138. CNF gel
  • Figure 139. Block nanocellulose material
  • Figure 140. CNF products developed by Hokuetsu
  • Figure 141. Marine leather products
  • Figure 142. Dual Graft System
  • Figure 143. Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins
  • Figure 144. Acrylic resin blended with modified CNF (fluid) and its molded product (transparent film), and image obtained with AFM (CNF 10wt% blended)
  • Figure 145. Kami Shoji CNF products
  • Figure 146. 0.3% aqueous dispersion of sulfated esterified CNF and dried transparent film (front side)
  • Figure 147. BioFlex process
  • Figure 148. Chitin nanofiber product
  • Figure 149. Marusumi Paper cellulose nanofiber products
  • Figure 150. FibriMa cellulose nanofiber powder
  • Figure 151. Cellulomix production process
  • Figure 152. Nanobase versus conventional products
  • Figure 153. MOGU-Wave panels
  • Figure 154. CNF slurries
  • Figure 155. Range of CNF products
  • Figure 156. Reishi
  • Figure 157. Nippon Paper Industries' adult diapers
  • Figure 158. Leather made from leaves
  • Figure 159. Nike shoe with beLEAF™
  • Figure 160. CNF clear sheets
  • Figure 161. Oji Holdings CNF polycarbonate product
  • Figure 162. XCNF
  • Figure 163. CNF insulation flat plates
  • Figure 164. Manufacturing process for STARCEL
  • Figure 165. Lyocell process
  • Figure 166. North Face Spiber Moon Parka
  • Figure 167. Spider silk production
  • Figure 168. 2 wt.% CNF suspension
  • Figure 169. BiNFi-s Dry Powder
  • Figure 170. BiNFi-s Dry Powder and Propylene (PP) Complex Pellet
  • Figure 171. Silk nanofiber (right) and cocoon of raw material
  • Figure 172. Sulapac cosmetics containers
  • Figure 173. Comparison of weight reduction effect using CNF
  • Figure 174. CNF resin products
  • Figure 175. Vegea production process
  • Figure 176. HefCel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test
  • Figure 177. Bio-based barrier bags prepared from Tempo-CNF coated bio-HDPE film
  • Figure 178. Worn Again products
  • Figure 179. Zelfo Technology GmbH CNF production process
  • Figure 180. High purity lignin
  • Figure 181. Lignocellulose architecture
  • Figure 182. Extraction processes to separate lignin from lignocellulosic biomass and corresponding technical lignins
  • Figure 183. The lignocellulose biorefinery
  • Figure 184. LignoBoost process
  • Figure 185. LignoForce system for lignin recovery from black liquor
  • Figure 186. Sequential liquid-lignin recovery and purification (SLPR) system
  • Figure 187. A-Recovery+ chemical recovery concept
  • Figure 188. Schematic of a biorefinery for production of carriers and chemicals
  • Figure 189. Organosolv lignin
  • Figure 190. Hydrolytic lignin powder
  • Figure 191. Estimated consumption of lignin, 2019-2031 (000 MT)
  • Figure 192. Schematic of WISA plywood home
  • Figure 193. Lignin based activated carbon
  • Figure 194. Lignin/celluose precursor
  • Figure 195. ANDRITZ Lignin Recovery process
  • Figure 196. DAWN Technology Process
  • Figure 197. BALI™ technology
  • Figure 198. Pressurized Hot Water Extraction
  • Figure 199. sunliquid® production process
  • Figure 200. Domsjö process
  • Figure 201. TMP-Bio Process
  • Figure 202. Flow chart of the lignocellulose biorefinery pilot plant in Leuna
  • Figure 203. AVAPTM process
  • Figure 204. GreenPower+™ process
  • Figure 205. BioFlex process
  • Figure 206. LX Process
  • Figure 207. METNIN™ Lignin refining technology
  • Figure 208. Enfinity cellulosic ethanol technology process
  • Figure 209: Plantrose process
  • Figure 210. Hansa lignin
  • Figure 211. UPM biorefinery process
  • Figure 212. The Proesa® Process
  • Figure 213. Goldilocks process and applications
  • Figure 214. Paints and coatings industry by market segmentation 2019-2020
  • Figure 215. PHA family
  • Figure 216: Schematic diagram of partial molecular structure of cellulose chain with numbering for carbon atoms and n= number of cellobiose repeating unit
  • Figure 217: Scale of cellulose materials
  • Figure 218. Nanocellulose preparation methods and resulting materials
  • Figure 219: Relationship between different kinds of nanocelluloses
  • Figure 220. Hefcel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test
  • Figure 221: CNC slurry
  • Figure 222. High purity lignin
  • Figure 223. BLOOM masterbatch from Algix
  • Figure 224. Global market revenues for biobased paints and coatings, 2018-2031 (billions USD)
  • Figure 225. Market revenues for biobased paints and coatings, 2018-2031 (billions USD), conservative estimate
  • Figure 226. Market revenues for biobased paints and coatings, 2018-2031 (billions USD), high
  • Figure 227. Dulux Better Living Air Clean Biobased
  • Figure 228: NCCTM Process
  • Figure 229: CNC produced at Tech Futures' pilot plant; cloudy suspension (1 wt.%), gel-like (10 wt.%), flake-like crystals, and very fine powder. Product advantages include:
  • Figure 230. Cellugy materials
  • Figure 231. EcoLine® 3690 (left) vs Solvent-Based Competitor Coating (right)
  • Figure 232. Rheocrysta spray
  • Figure 233. DKS CNF products
  • Figure 234. Domsjö process
  • Figure 235. CNF gel
  • Figure 236. Block nanocellulose material
  • Figure 237. CNF products developed by Hokuetsu
  • Figure 238. BioFlex process
  • Figure 239. Marusumi Paper cellulose nanofiber products
  • Figure 240: Fluorene cellulose ® powder
  • Figure 241. XCNF
  • Figure 242. Spider silk production
  • Figure 243. CNF dispersion and powder from Starlite
  • Figure 244. 2 wt.% CNF suspension
  • Figure 245. BiNFi-s Dry Powder
  • Figure 246. BiNFi-s Dry Powder and Propylene (PP) Complex Pellet
  • Figure 247. Silk nanofiber (right) and cocoon of raw material
  • Figure 248. HefCel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test
  • Figure 249. Bio-based barrier bags prepared from Tempo-CNF coated bio-HDPE film
  • Figure 250. Bioalkyd products