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市場調查報告書

全球生物基化學品、聚合物和材料市場(2021 年版)

The Global Market for Bio-based Chemicals, Polymers and Materials 2021

出版商 Future Markets, Inc. 商品編碼 1022569
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 655 Pages
訂單完成後即時交付
價格
全球生物基化學品、聚合物和材料市場(2021 年版) The Global Market for Bio-based Chemicals, Polymers and Materials 2021
出版日期: 2021年08月13日內容資訊: 英文 655 Pages
簡介

利用生物基和生物質成分構建新的價值鏈來開發創新產品將加速從傳統生產技術向生物精煉概念的轉變。可持續開發生物基化學品、聚合物和產品創造了巨大的新商機。生物基化學品是通過生物、化學和物理轉化植物和動物獲得的。原材料包括來自林業、農作物和有機廢物的糖、澱粉、脂肪和油,以及木質纖維素。

向更可持續和無廢物的經濟轉型所帶來的全球機遇是巨大的,在過去十年中,人們對生物基化學品的興趣顯著增加,並且開發了許多新的生物基化學品。被引入市場。

本報告調查了生物基化學品/聚合物/材料市場,概述了市場,預測了產量,並按細分市場(生物基化學品、生物聚合物/生物塑料、天然纖維、木質素)等進行了詳細的總結。

目錄

第 1 章執行摘要

  • 市場趨勢
  • 到 2030 年的世界產量
  • 主要生產商和全球產能
  • 對生物基/可持續塑料的需求:按市場(2020 年)
  • 新型冠狀病毒感染 (COVID-19) 大流行對生物塑料市場和未來需求的影響
  • 生物基/可持續塑料市場挑戰

第二章調查方法

第三章全球塑料市場

  • 全球生產趨勢
  • 塑料的重要性
  • 塑料使用問題

第 4 章生物基化學品

  • 類型
  • 生產能力
  • 生物基己二酸
  • 11-氨基十一烷酸 (11-AA)
  • 1,4-丁二醇 (1,4-BDO)
  • 十二烷二酸 (DDDA)
  • 環氧氯丙烷 (ECH)
  • 乙烯
  • 糠醛
  • 5-氯甲基糠醛 (5-CMF)
  • 2,5-法蘭羧酸 (2,5-FDCA)
  • 法蘭羧酸甲酯 (FDME)
  • 異山梨醇
  • 衣康酸
  • 3-羥基丙酸 (3-HP)
  • 5 羥甲基糠醛 (HMF)
  • 乳酸 (D-LA)
  • 乳酸-L-乳酸 (L-LA)
  • 丙交酯
  • 左旋葡萄糖酮
  • 乙□丙酸
  • 單乙二醇 (MEG)
  • 單丙二醇 (MPG)
  • 粘康酸
  • 石腦油
  • 五亞甲基二異氰酸酯
  • 1,3-丙二醇 (1,3-PDO)
  • 癸二酸
  • 琥珀酸 (SA)

第 5 章生物聚合物和生物塑料

  • 生物基可再生塑料
  • 可生物降解和可堆肥的塑料
  • 優點和缺點
  • 生物基/可生物降解塑料的類型
  • 按類型劃分的生物基/生物可降解塑料市場領導者
  • 合成生物基聚合物
    • 聚乳酸(Bio-PLA)
    • 聚對苯二甲酸乙二醇酯 (Bio-PET)
    • 聚對苯二甲酸丙二醇酯 (Bio-PTT)
    • 聚夫喃乙烯酯 (Bio-PEF)
    • 聚□胺 (Bio-PA)
    • 聚(己二酸丁二醇酯-共對苯二甲酸酯)(Bio-PBAT)
    • 聚丁二酸丁二醇酯 (PBS) 和共聚物
    • 聚乙烯 (Bio-PE)
    • 聚丙烯 (Bio-PP)
  • 天然生物基聚合物
    • 多羥基鏈烷酸酯 (PHA)
    • 多醣
    • 基於蛋白質的生物塑料
    • 藻類和真菌
    • 殼聚醣
  • 生物基/可持續塑料生產:按地區
    • 北美
    • 歐洲
    • 亞太地區
    • 拉丁美洲
  • 生物塑料市場細分
    • 包裝
    • 消費品
    • 汽車
    • 建築/建造
    • 紡織品
    • 電子產品
    • 農業/園藝
  • 生物基化學品、生物聚合物、生物塑料公司

第 6 章天然纖維

  • 天然纖維製造方法、基質材料、應用
  • 天然纖維的優點
  • 植物(纖維素、木質纖維素)
    • 種子纖維
    • 韌皮纖維
    • 葉子/纖維
    • 膳食纖維
    • 來自農業殘留物的莖纖維
    • 魔杖、草、蘆葦
    • 改性天然聚合物
  • 動物(硬蛋白)
    • 羊毛
    • 絲纖維
    • 皮革
    • 下來
  • 天然纖維市場
    • 複合材料
    • 應用
    • 天然纖維注射成型化合物
    • 無紡天然纖維氈複合材料
    • 天然纖維增強複合材料
    • 天然纖維生物基高分子化合物
    • 天然纖維生物基聚合物無紡布氈
    • 天然纖維熱固性生物樹脂複合材料
  • 航空航天
  • 汽車
  • 建築/建造
  • 運動休閒
  • 紡織品
  • 包裝
  • 世界天然纖維產量
  • 天然纖維公司簡介

第 7 章木質素

  • 簡介
    • 什麼是木質素?
    • 木質素的種類
    • 屬性
    • 木質纖維素生物精煉廠
    • 市場和應用
    • 使用木質素的挑戰
  • 木質素產品工藝
  • 木質素市場
  • 公司簡介

第 8 章參考資料

目錄
Product Code: BIOPOLY0621

Building new value chains through the utilisation of bio-based and biomass components for the development of innovative products will accelerate the transition from traditional production technologies to the concept of biorefineries. Developing bio-based chemicals, polymers and products in a sustainable manner allows for substantial new business opportunities. Bio-based chemicals are obtained through biological, chemical or physical transformation of plant or animal based feedstocks, which include sugar, starch, oils and fats, and lignocellulose from forestry, agricultural crops and organic waste.

The global opportunities offered by the transition to a more sustainable, low waste economy are vast, and the last decade has seen a substantial increase in interest in bio-based chemicals with many drop-in or novel bio-based chemicals being developed and introduced to the market.

New technologies and traditional methods coupled with biotechnologies applied to biomass feedstocks and waste streams from various sources, such as urban waste or agricultural residues or wastes from food and feed streams, will convert renewable resources into high added-value sustainable bioproducts.

Report contents include:

  • In depth market analysis of bio-based chemical feedstocks, biopolymers, bioplastics, natural fibers and lignin.
  • Global production capacities, market demand and trends 2019-2025
  • Analysis of biobased chemical including 11-Aminoundecanoic acid (11-AA), 1,4-Butanediol (1,4-BDO), Dodecanedioic acid (DDDA), Epichlorohydrin (ECH), Ethylene, Furan derivatives, 5-Chloromethylfurfural (5-CMF), 2,5-Furandicarboxylic acid (2,5-FDCA), Furandicarboxylic methyl ester (FDME), Isosorbide, Itaconic acid, 5 Hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF), Lactic acid (D-LA), Lactic acid - L-lactic acid (L-LA), Lactide, Levoglucosenone, Levulinic acid, Monoethylene glycol (MEG), Monopropylene glycol (MPG), Muconic acid, Naphtha, 1,5-Pentametylenediamine (DN5), 1,3-Propanediol (1,3-PDO), Sebacic acid and Succinic acid.
  • Analysis of synthetic biopolymers market including Polylactic acid (Bio-PLA), Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET), Polytrimethylene terephthalate (Bio-PTT), Polyethylene furanoate (Bio-PEF), Polyamides (Bio-PA), Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (Bio-PBAT), Polybutylene succinate (PBS) and copolymers, Polyethylene (Bio-PE), Polypropylene (Bio-PP)
  • Analysis of naturally produced bio-based polymers including Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA), Polysaccharides, Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC), Cellulose nanocrystals, Cellulose nanofibers, Protein-based bioplastics, Algal and fungal.
  • Market segmentation analysis.
  • Analysis of types of natural fibers including plant fibers, animal fibers including alternative leather, wool, silk fiber and down and polysaccharides.
  • Markets for natural fibers, including composites, aerospace, automotive, construction & building, sports & leisure, textiles, consumer products and packaging.
  • Production capacities of lignin producers.
  • In depth analysis of biorefinery lignin production.
  • Profiles of over 500 companies. Companies profiled include NatureWorks, Total Corbion, Danimer Scientific, Novamont, Mitsubishi Chemicals, Indorama, Braskem, Avantium, Borealis, Cathay, Dupont, BASF, Arkema, DuPont, BASF , AMSilk GmbH, Notpla, Loliware, Bolt Threads, Ecovative, Kraig Biocraft Laboratories, Spiber, Bast Fiber Technologies Inc., Kelheim Fibres GmbH, BComp, Circular Systems, Evrnu, Natural Fiber Welding, Icytos, Versalis SpA, Clariant, MetGen Oy, Praj Industries Ltd., Bloom Biorenewables SA, FP Innovations, UPM, Klabin SA, RenCom AB and many more.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • 1.1. Market trends
  • 1.2. Global production to 2030
  • 1.3. Main producers and global production capacities
    • 1.3.1. Producers
    • 1.3.2. By biobased and sustainable plastic type
    • 1.3.3. By region
  • 1.4. Global demand for biobased and sustainable plastics 2020, by market
  • 1.5. Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the bioplastics market and future demand
  • 1.6. Challenges for the biobased and sustainable plastics market

2. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3. THE GLOBAL PLASTICS MARKET

  • 3.1. Global production
  • 3.2. The importance of plastic
  • 3.3. Issues with plastics use

4. BIO-BASED CHEMICALS

  • 4.1. Types
  • 4.2. Production capacities
  • 4.3. Bio-based adipic acid
  • 4.4. 11-Aminoundecanoic acid (11-AA)
  • 4.5. 1,4-Butanediol (1,4-BDO)
  • 4.6. Dodecanedioic acid (DDDA)
  • 4.7. Epichlorohydrin (ECH)
  • 4.8. Ethylene
  • 4.9. Furfural
  • 4.10. 5-Chloromethylfurfural (5-CMF)
  • 4.11. 2,5-Furandicarboxylic acid (2,5-FDCA)
  • 4.12. Furandicarboxylic methyl ester (FDME)
  • 4.13. Isosorbide
  • 4.14. Itaconic acid
  • 4.15. 3-Hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP)
  • 4.16. 5 Hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF)
  • 4.17. Lactic acid (D-LA)
  • 4.18. Lactic acid - L-lactic acid (L-LA)
  • 4.19. Lactide
  • 4.20. Levoglucosenone
  • 4.21. Levulinic acid
  • 4.22. Monoethylene glycol (MEG)
  • 4.23. Monopropylene glycol (MPG)
  • 4.24. Muconic acid
  • 4.25. Naphtha
  • 4.26. Pentamethylene diisocyanate
  • 4.27. 1,3-Propanediol (1,3-PDO)
  • 4.28. Sebacic acid
  • 4.29. Succinic acid (SA)

5. BIOPOLYMERS AND BIOPLASTICS

  • 5.1. Bio-based or renewable plastics
    • 5.1.1. Drop-in bio-based plastics
    • 5.1.2. Novel bio-based plastics
  • 5.2. Biodegradable and compostable plastics
    • 5.2.1. Biodegradability
    • 5.2.2. Compostability
  • 5.3. Advantages and disadvantages
  • 5.4. Types of Bio-based and/or Biodegradable Plastics
  • 5.5. Market leaders by biobased and/or biodegradable plastic types
  • 5.6. SYNTHETIC BIO-BASED POLYMERS
    • 5.6.1. Polylactic acid (Bio-PLA)
      • 5.6.1.1. Market analysis
      • 5.6.1.2. Producers
    • 5.6.2. Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET)
      • 5.6.2.1. Market analysis
      • 5.6.2.2. Producers
    • 5.6.3. Polytrimethylene terephthalate (Bio-PTT)
      • 5.6.3.1. Market analysis
      • 5.6.3.2. Producers
    • 5.6.4. Polyethylene furanoate (Bio-PEF)
      • 5.6.4.1. Market analysis
      • 5.6.4.2. Comparative properties to PET
      • 5.6.4.3. Producers
    • 5.6.5. Polyamides (Bio-PA)
      • 5.6.5.1. Market analysis
      • 5.6.5.2. Producers
    • 5.6.6. Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (Bio-PBAT)
      • 5.6.6.1. Market analysis
      • 5.6.6.2. Producers
    • 5.6.7. Polybutylene succinate (PBS) and copolymers
      • 5.6.7.1. Market analysis
      • 5.6.7.2. Producers
    • 5.6.8. Polyethylene (Bio-PE)
      • 5.6.8.1. Market analysis
      • 5.6.8.2. Producers
    • 5.6.9. Polypropylene (Bio-PP)
      • 5.6.9.1. Market analysis
      • 5.6.9.2. Producers
  • 5.7. NATURAL BIO-BASED POLYMERS
    • 5.7.1. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA)
      • 5.7.1.1. Market analysis
      • 5.7.1.2. Commercially available PHAs
      • 5.7.1.3. Producers
    • 5.7.2. Polysaccharides
      • 5.7.2.1. Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)
      • 5.7.2.2. Cellulose nanocrystals
      • 5.7.2.3. Cellulose nanofibers
    • 5.7.3. Protein-based bioplastics
      • 5.7.3.1. Types, applications and producers
    • 5.7.4. Algal and fungal
      • 5.7.4.1. Algal
      • 5.7.4.2. Mycelium
    • 5.7.5. Chitosan
  • 5.8. PRODUCTION OF BIOBASED AND SUSTAINABLE PLASTICS, BY REGION
    • 5.8.1. North America
    • 5.8.2. Europe
    • 5.8.3. Asia-Pacific
      • 5.8.3.1. China
      • 5.8.3.2. Japan
      • 5.8.3.3. Thailand
      • 5.8.3.4. Indonesia
    • 5.8.4. Latin America
  • 5.9. MARKET SEGMENTATION OF BIOPLASTICS
    • 5.9.1. Packaging
    • 5.9.2. Consumer products
    • 5.9.3. Automotive
    • 5.9.4. Building & construction
    • 5.9.5. Textiles
    • 5.9.6. Electronics
    • 5.9.7. Agriculture and horticulture
  • 5.10. BIO-BASED CHEMCALS, BIOPOLYMERS AND BIOPLASTICS COMPANY PROFILES
    • 5.10.1. 9Fiber, Inc
    • 5.10.2. ADBioplastics
    • 5.10.3. Advanced Biochemical (Thailand) Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.4. AGRANA Staerke GmbH
    • 5.10.5. Algix LLC
    • 5.10.6. AlgiKnit
    • 5.10.7. AMSilk GmbH
    • 5.10.8. An Phát Bioplastics
    • 5.10.9. Ankor Bioplastics Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.10. Anellotech, Inc
    • 5.10.11. Anqing He Xing Chemical Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.12. Applied Bioplastics
    • 5.10.13. Aquafil S.p.A
    • 5.10.14. Aquapak Polymers Ltd
    • 5.10.15. Archer Daniel Midland Company (ADM)
    • 5.10.16. Arctic Biomaterials Oy
    • 5.10.17. Arkema S.A
    • 5.10.18. Arlanxeo
    • 5.10.19. Arrow Greentech
    • 5.10.20. Attis Innovations, llc
    • 5.10.21. AVA Biochem AG
    • 5.10.22. Avantium B.V
    • 5.10.23. Avani Eco
    • 5.10.24. Ayas Renewables Inc
    • 5.10.25. Azolla
    • 5.10.26. BASF SE
    • 5.10.27. BBCA Biochemical & GALACTIC Lactic Acid Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.28. Bcomp ltd
    • 5.10.29. Bioextrax AB
    • 5.10.30. Bio Fab NZ
    • 5.10.31. Biofibre GmbH
    • 5.10.32. Biofine Technology, LLC
    • 5.10.33. BioLogiQ, Inc
    • 5.10.34. Bio-on S.P.A
    • 5.10.35. Bioextrax AB
    • 5.10.36. Biome Bioplastics
    • 5.10.37. BIOTEC GmbH & Co. KG
    • 5.10.38. Biofiber Tech Sweden AB
    • 5.10.39. Bioplastech Ltd
    • 5.10.40. Biotrem
    • 5.10.41. BlockTexx Pty Ltd
    • 5.10.42. BluCon Biotech GmbH
    • 5.10.43. Blue BioFuels, Inc
    • 5.10.44. Bluepha Beijing Lanjing Microbiology Technology Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.45. Bolt Threads
    • 5.10.46. Borealis AG
    • 5.10.47. Borregaard Chemcell
    • 5.10.48. B-PREG
    • 5.10.49. Braskem SA
    • 5.10.50. Bio Fab NZ
    • 5.10.51. Carbiolice
    • 5.10.52. Carbios
    • 5.10.53. Cardia Bioplastics Ltd
    • 5.10.54. CARAPAC Company
    • 5.10.55. Cargill
    • 5.10.56. Catalyxx
    • 5.10.57. Cathay Industrial Biotech, Ltd
    • 5.10.58. Celanese Corporation
    • 5.10.59. Cellucomp Ltd
    • 5.10.60. Cellugy
    • 5.10.61. Cellutech AB (Stora Enso)
    • 5.10.62. Cerdia International GmbH (formerly Rhodia Acetow GmbH)
    • 5.10.63. CH-Bioforce Oy
    • 5.10.64. Checkerspot, Inc
    • 5.10.65. Chempolis
    • 5.10.66. Chengdu Dikang Biomedical Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.67. China New Materials Holdings Ltd
    • 5.10.68. Chongqing Bofei Biochemical Products Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.69. Chuetsu Pulp & Paper Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.70. Circa Group
    • 5.10.71. CJ CheilJedang Corporation
    • 5.10.72. Corumat, Inc
    • 5.10.73. Clariant AG
    • 5.10.74. Cristal Union Group
    • 5.10.75. Cruz Foam
    • 5.10.76. CuanTec Ltd
    • 5.10.77. Daicel Polymer Ltd
    • 5.10.78. Daio Paper Corporation
    • 5.10.79. DAK Americas LLC
    • 5.10.80. Danimer Scientific LLC
    • 5.10.81. Diamond Green Diesel
    • 5.10.82. DIC Corporation
    • 5.10.83. Dongying Hebang Chemical Corp
    • 5.10.84. Dow, Inc
    • 5.10.85. Royal DSM N.V
    • 5.10.86. DuFor Resins B.V
    • 5.10.87. DuPont
    • 5.10.88. DuPont Tate & Lyle Bio Products Co., LLC
    • 5.10.89. Eastman Chemical Ltd. Corporation
    • 5.10.90. Ecoshell
    • 5.10.91. Ecovia Renewables
    • 5.10.92. Ecovative Design LLC
    • 5.10.93. EMS-Grivory
    • 5.10.94. Eni S.p.A
    • 5.10.95. Esbottle Oy
    • 5.10.96. Evolved By Nature
    • 5.10.97. Evonik Industries AG
    • 5.10.98. Fairbrics
    • 5.10.99. Far Eastern New Century Corporation
    • 5.10.100. Fiberlean Technologies
    • 5.10.101. Fiberight
    • 5.10.102. FKuR Kunststoff GmbH
    • 5.10.103. Floreon
    • 5.10.104. Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC
    • 5.10.105. Fraunhofer Institute for Structural Durability and System Reliability LBF
    • 5.10.106. Fuji Pigment Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.107. Fujian Haobang Chemical Industries
    • 5.10.108. Full Cycle Bioplastics LLC
    • 5.10.109. Futerro
    • 5.10.110. Futuramat Sarl
    • 5.10.111. Gen3Bio
    • 5.10.112. Genecis Bioindustries, Inc
    • 5.10.113. Genomatica
    • 5.10.114. Grabio Greentech Corporation
    • 5.10.115. Granbio Technologies
    • 5.10.116. GS Alliance Co. Ltd
    • 5.10.117. Guangzhou Bio-plus Materials Technology Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.118. Haldor Topsoe A/S
    • 5.10.119. Hattori Shoten K.K
    • 5.10.120. Hebei Casda Biomaterials Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.121. Hebei Jiaao Glycerol Chemical Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.122. Hebei Jiheng Chemical Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.123. Hebei Xinhua Lactic Acid Co
    • 5.10.124. Heilongjiang Chenneng Bioengineering Ltd
    • 5.10.125. Henan Jindan Lactic Acid Technology Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.126. Henan Piaoan Group Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.127. Henan Xinghan Biological Technology Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.128. Hengshui Jinghua Chemical Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.129. Hengli Petrochemical
    • 5.10.130. Hitachi Plant Technologies Ltd
    • 5.10.131. Hokuetsu Toyo Fibre Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.132. Hubei Guangshui National Chemical Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.133. Humintech
    • 5.10.134. Hunan Anhua Lactic Acid Co
    • 5.10.135. India Glycols Ltd
    • 5.10.136. Indochine Bio Plastiques (ICBP) Sdn Bhd
    • 5.10.137. Indorama Ventures Public Co. Ltd
    • 5.10.138. Inovyn
    • 5.10.139. Inspidere B.V
    • 5.10.140. Ioniqa
    • 5.10.141. Itaconix
    • 5.10.142. Jiangsu Anpon Electrochemical Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.143. Jiangsu Jinhe Hi-Tech Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.144. Jiangsu Senda Biological Engineering Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.145. Jiangsu Suxing
    • 5.10.146. Jiangsu Torise Biomaterials Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.147. Jiangsu Yangnong Chemical Group Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.148. Jiangsu Zhongzheng Biochemical Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.149. Jilin COFCO Biomaterial Corporation
    • 5.10.150. JinHui ZhaoLang High Technology Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.151. Jungbunzlauer Suisse AG
    • 5.10.152. Kaneka Corporation
    • 5.10.153. Khumo Renewables
    • 5.10.154. Kingfa Sci. & Tech. Co. Ltd
    • 5.10.155. Kolon Industries
    • 5.10.156. Kraig Biocraft Laboratories
    • 5.10.157. LAM'ON
    • 5.10.158. Lactips S.A
    • 5.10.159. LCY Biosciences
    • 5.10.160. Lean Orb
    • 5.10.161. Lenzing AG
    • 5.10.162. LEUNA-Harze GmbH
    • 5.10.163. Lingrove, Inc
    • 5.10.164. Lixea Limited
    • 5.10.165. Locus Fermentation Solutions
    • 5.10.166. Loick Biowertstoff GmbH
    • 5.10.167. Loliware LLC
    • 5.10.168. LOTTE Chemical Corporation
    • 5.10.169. LyondellBasell Industries Holdings B.V
    • 5.10.170. Made of Air GmbH
    • 5.10.171. Mango Materials, Inc
    • 5.10.172. Marine Innovation Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.173. Meghmani Finechem Ltd
    • 5.10.174. Mercurius Biorefining Inc
    • 5.10.175. METabolic EXplorer S.A. (METEX)
    • 5.10.176. Metgen Oy
    • 5.10.177. Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
    • 5.10.178. Mitsubishi Polyester Film GmbH
    • 5.10.179. Mitsui Chemicals, Inc
    • 5.10.180. Mobius
    • 5.10.181. Mogu S.r.l
    • 5.10.182. Multibax Public Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.183. Mura Technology Limited
    • 5.10.184. Musashino Chemical Laboratory, Ltd
    • 5.10.185. MYCL
    • 5.10.186. MycoWorks
    • 5.10.187. Nabaco
    • 5.10.188. Nafigate Corporation a.s
    • 5.10.189. Nanollose Ltd
    • 5.10.190. Nantong Cellulose Fibers Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.191. Nantong Jiuding Biological Engineering Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.192. NatPol
    • 5.10.193. Natural Fiber Welding, INc
    • 5.10.194. NatureWorks LLC
    • 5.10.195. NefFa
    • 5.10.196. Neste Oyj
    • 5.10.197. Newlight Technologies LLC
    • 5.10.198. New Zealand Natural Fibers (NZNF)
    • 5.10.199. NEXE Innovations Inc
    • 5.10.200. Ningbo Huanyang Chemical Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.201. Ningbo Tianan Biologic Material
    • 5.10.202. Ningbo Zhenyiang
    • 5.10.203. Nippon Paper Industries
    • 5.10.204. Norske Skog AS
    • 5.10.205. Northern Technologies International
    • 5.10.206. Notpla
    • 5.10.207. Novamont S.p.A
    • 5.10.208. Novomer
    • 5.10.209. NUREL S.A
    • 5.10.210. Nxtlevvel
    • 5.10.211. Oakbio, Inc
    • 5.10.212. Oimo
    • 5.10.213. Oleon N.V
    • 5.10.214. Oji Paper Company
    • 5.10.215. Origin Materials
    • 5.10.216. PHABuilder
    • 5.10.217. PHB Industrial S.A
    • 5.10.218. Plafco Fibertech Oy
    • 5.10.219. Plantic Technologies Ltd
    • 5.10.220. Plantics Biomaterials
    • 5.10.221. Polaris Renewables
    • 5.10.222. Polyferm
    • 5.10.223. Pond Biomaterials
    • 5.10.224. PT Intera Lestari Polimer
    • 5.10.225. PTT MCC Biochem Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.226. Qnature UG
    • 5.10.227. Radical Plastics
    • 5.10.228. Radici Group
    • 5.10.229. Red Avenue New Materials Group
    • 5.10.230. RenCom AB
    • 5.10.231. Ripro Corporation
    • 5.10.232. Rodenburg Biopolymers B.V
    • 5.10.233. Roquette S.A
    • 5.10.234. RWDC Industries
    • 5.10.235. Samyang GENEX
    • 5.10.236. Saphium Biotechnology GMBH
    • 5.10.237. Saudi Basic Industries Corp. (SABIC)
    • 5.10.238. Sebacic Oman SAOC
    • 5.10.239. Seevix Material Sciences Ltd
    • 5.10.240. SECI S.p.A
    • 5.10.241. S-EnPol Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.242. Seiko PMC Corporation
    • 5.10.243. Shandong Baisheng Biotechnology Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.244. Shandong Fuwin New Material Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.245. Shandong Landian Biological Technology Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.246. Shandong Minji Chemical Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.247. Shandong Siqiang Chemical Group Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.248. Shanghai Tong-Jie-Liang Biomaterials Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.249. Shantou Liangyi
    • 5.10.250. Shanxi Leda Biochemical Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.251. Shanxi Zhengang Chemical Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.252. Shenghong Group
    • 5.10.253. Shenzhen Ecomann Biotechnology Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.254. Shenzhen Esun Industrial Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.255. Shenzhen Guanghua Weiye Industry Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.256. Showa Denko K.K
    • 5.10.257. Sichuan Dikang Sci & Tech Pharmaceutical Industry Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.258. Sichuan Yibin Wuliangye Group Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.259. Sinolac (Huludao) Biotech Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.260. Sinopec Group
    • 5.10.261. SK Chemicals Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.262. Smartfiber AG
    • 5.10.263. Solvay SA
    • 5.10.264. Soma Bioworks/White Lemur Co
    • 5.10.265. SPC Biotech Private Ltd
    • 5.10.266. Spectrus Sustainable Solutions Pvt Ltd
    • 5.10.267. Spiber, Inc
    • 5.10.268. Spidey Tek
    • 5.10.269. Spolchemie
    • 5.10.270. Stora Enso
    • 5.10.271. Succinity GmbH
    • 5.10.272. Sulapac Oy
    • 5.10.273. Sulzer Chemtech AG
    • 5.10.274. Sunar Misir
    • 5.10.275. SUPLA Bioplastics
    • 5.10.276. TAIF-NK
    • 5.10.277. Tanin sevnica kemicna industrija
    • 5.10.278. TBM Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.279. TECNARO GmbH
    • 5.10.280. TechnipFMC
    • 5.10.281. Teijin Ltd
    • 5.10.282. TerraVerdae BioWorks Inc
    • 5.10.283. Teysha Technologies Limited
    • 5.10.284. thyssenkrupp Industrial Solutions AG
    • 5.10.285. Tianan Biologic Material Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.286. Tianjin GreenBio Materials Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.287. Tianxing Biotechnology Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.288. Tômtex
    • 5.10.289. Tongliao Xinghe Biotechnology Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.290. Toray Industries, Inc
    • 5.10.291. Total Corbion PLA
    • 5.10.292. Toyobo Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.293. Treemera GmbH
    • 5.10.294. TripleW
    • 5.10.295. UBQ Materials
    • 5.10.296. Unitika Ltd
    • 5.10.297. UPM-Kymmene Oyj
    • 5.10.298. VEnvirotech Biotechnology SL
    • 5.10.299. Virent Inc
    • 5.10.300. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
    • 5.10.301. Vynova
    • 5.10.302. WeylChem International GmbH
    • 5.10.303. Woodly Ltd
    • 5.10.304. Wuhan Sanjiang Space Good Biotech Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.305. Xampla
    • 5.10.306. Xinjiang Lanshan Tunhe
    • 5.10.307. Xinjiang BlueRidge Tunhe Chemical Industry Joint Stock Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.308. Yihai Kerry Group
    • 5.10.309. Yunan Fuji Bio-Material Technology Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.310. Zhangjiagang Glory Chemical Industry Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.311. Zhejiang Hangzhou Xinfu Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.312. Zheijang Haobang Chemical Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.313. Zhejiang Hisun Biomaterials Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.314. Zhejiang Youcheng New Materials Co., Ltd
    • 5.10.315. Zibo Qixiang Tengda Chemical Co., Ltd

6. NATURAL FIBERS

  • 6.1. Manufacturing method, matrix materials and applications of natural fibers
  • 6.2. Advantages of natural fibers
  • 6.3. Plants (cellulose, lignocellulose)
    • 6.3.1. Seed fibers
      • 6.3.1.1. Cotton
      • 6.3.1.2. Kapok
      • 6.3.1.3. Luffa
    • 6.3.2. Bast fibers
      • 6.3.2.1. Jute
      • 6.3.2.2. Hemp
      • 6.3.2.3. Flax
      • 6.3.2.4. Ramie
      • 6.3.2.5. Kenaf
    • 6.3.3. Leaf fibers
      • 6.3.3.1. Sisal
      • 6.3.3.2. Abaca
    • 6.3.4. Fruit fibers
      • 6.3.4.1. Coir
      • 6.3.4.2. Banana
      • 6.3.4.3. Pineapple
    • 6.3.5. Stalk fibers from agricultural residues
      • 6.3.5.1. Rice fiber
      • 6.3.5.2. Corn
    • 6.3.6. Cane, grasses and reed
      • 6.3.6.1. Switch grass
      • 6.3.6.2. Sugarcane (agricultural residues)
      • 6.3.6.3. Bamboo
      • 6.3.6.4. Fresh grass (green biorefinery)
    • 6.3.7. Modified natural polymers
      • 6.3.7.1. Mycelium
      • 6.3.7.2. Chitosan
      • 6.3.7.3. Alginate
  • 6.4. Animal (fibrous protein)
    • 6.4.1. Wool
      • 6.4.1.1. Alternative wool materials
      • 6.4.1.2. Producers
    • 6.4.2. Silk fiber
      • 6.4.2.1. Alternative silk materials
    • 6.4.3. Leather
      • 6.4.3.1. Alternative leather materials
    • 6.4.4. Down
      • 6.4.4.1. Alternative down materials
  • 6.5. MARKETS FOR NATURAL FIBERS
    • 6.5.1. Composites
    • 6.5.2. Applications
    • 6.5.3. Natural fiber injection moulding compounds
      • 6.5.3.1. Properties
      • 6.5.3.2. Applications
    • 6.5.4. Non-woven natural fiber mat composites
      • 6.5.4.1. Automotive
      • 6.5.4.2. Applications
    • 6.5.5. Aligned natural fiber-reinforced composites
    • 6.5.6. Natural fiber biobased polymer compounds
    • 6.5.7. Natural fiber biobased polymer non-woven mats
      • 6.5.7.1. Flax
      • 6.5.7.2. Kenaf
    • 6.5.8. Natural fiber thermoset bioresin composites
  • 6.6. Aerospace
    • 6.6.1. Market overview
  • 6.7. Automotive
    • 6.7.1. Market overview
    • 6.7.2. Applications of natural fibers
  • 6.8. Building/construction
    • 6.8.1. Market overview
    • 6.8.2. Applications of natural fibers
  • 6.9. Sports and leisure
    • 6.9.1. Market overview
  • 6.10. Textiles
    • 6.10.1. Market overview
    • 6.10.2. Consumer apparel
    • 6.10.3. Geotextiles
  • 6.11. Packaging
    • 6.11.1. Market overview
  • 6.12. NATURAL FIBERS GLOBAL PRODUCTION
    • 6.12.1. Overall global fibers market
    • 6.12.2. Plant-based fiber production
    • 6.12.3. Animal-based natural fiber production
  • 6.13. NATURAL FIBER COMPANY PROFILES
    • 6.13.1. 3M
    • 6.13.2. 9Fiber, Inc
    • 6.13.3. Aeropowder Limited
    • 6.13.4. Agrisea
    • 6.13.5. AHLSTROM-MUNKSJO Oyj
    • 6.13.6. Algix LLC
    • 6.13.7. AlgiKnit
    • 6.13.8. Amadou Mushroom Leather
    • 6.13.9. AMSilk GmbH
    • 6.13.10. Ananas Anam Ltd
    • 6.13.11. ANPOLY, Inc
    • 6.13.12. Arekapak GmbH
    • 6.13.13. Asahi Kasei Chemicals Corporation
    • 6.13.14. Avani Eco
    • 6.13.15. Bambooder Biobased Fibers B.V
    • 6.13.16. BASF SE
    • 6.13.17. B-PREG
    • 6.13.18. Bast Fiber Technologies, Inc
    • 6.13.19. Betulium Oy
    • 6.13.20. Beyond Leather Materials ApS
    • 6.13.21. Biotecam
    • 6.13.22. Bolt Threads
    • 6.13.23. Bcomp ltd
    • 6.13.24. Biophilica
    • 6.13.25. BlockTexx Pty Ltd
    • 6.13.26. Cellicon B.V
    • 6.13.27. Cellucomp Ltd
    • 6.13.28. Cellugy
    • 6.13.29. Cellutech AB (Stora Enso)
    • 6.13.30. Checkerspot, Inc
    • 6.13.31. Chuetsu Pulp & Paper Co., Ltd
    • 6.13.32. Circular Systems
    • 6.13.33. Daicel Corporation
    • 6.13.34. DaikyoNishikawa Corporation
    • 6.13.35. Daio Paper Corporation
    • 6.13.36. Daishowa Paper Products Co. Ltd
    • 6.13.37. DENSO Corporation
    • 6.13.38. DIC Products, Inc
    • 6.13.39. DKS Co. Ltd
    • 6.13.40. Desserto
    • 6.13.41. Ecopel
    • 6.13.42. Ecoshell
    • 6.13.43. Ecovative Design LLC
    • 6.13.44. Ehime Paper Manufacturing Co. Ltd
    • 6.13.45. Evolved By Nature
    • 6.13.46. Enkev
    • 6.13.47. Evrnu
    • 6.13.48. Fillerbank Limited
    • 6.13.49. Flocus
    • 6.13.50. Fruit Leather Rotterdam
    • 6.13.51. Fuji Pigment Co., Ltd
    • 6.13.52. Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd
    • 6.13.53. Gelatex Technologies OÜ
    • 6.13.54. Grado Zero Innovation
    • 6.13.55. Granbio Technologies
    • 6.13.56. GS Alliance Co. Ltd
    • 6.13.57. Hattori Shoten K.K
    • 6.13.58. Hexa Chemical Co. Ltd./Nature Gift
    • 6.13.59. Hokuetsu Toyo Fibre Co., Ltd
    • 6.13.60. Icytos
    • 6.13.61. Infinited Fiber Company Oy
    • 6.13.62. JeNaCell GmbH
    • 6.13.63. Kao Corporation
    • 6.13.64. Kami Shoji Company
    • 6.13.65. Kelheim Fibres GmbH
    • 6.13.66. Kraig Biocraft Laboratories
    • 6.13.67. KRI Inc
    • 6.13.68. Kusano Sakko K.K
    • 6.13.69. Lenzing
    • 6.13.70. Le Qara
    • 6.13.71. Lingrove, Inc
    • 6.13.72. Living Ink
    • 6.13.73. Lixea
    • 6.13.74. Malai Biomaterials Design Pvt. Ltd. (Malai)
    • 6.13.75. Marine Nanofiber Co., Ltd
    • 6.13.76. Marusumi Paper Company Limited
    • 6.13.77. Masuko Sangyo Co., Ltd
    • 6.13.78. Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
    • 6.13.79. Modern Meadow, Inc
    • 6.13.80. Mogu S.r.l
    • 6.13.81. Mori Machinery Co., Ltd
    • 6.13.82. MYCL
    • 6.13.83. MycoWorks
    • 6.13.84. Nanollose Ltd
    • 6.13.85. Natural Fiber Welding, INc
    • 6.13.86. Nature Coatings, Inc
    • 6.13.87. NefFa
    • 6.13.88. New Zealand Natural Fibers (NZNF)
    • 6.13.89. Nippon Paper Industries
    • 6.13.90. Nova Kaeru
    • 6.13.91. Oji Paper COmpany
    • 6.13.92. Organic Disposables
    • 6.13.93. Orange Fiber S.r.l
    • 6.13.94. Plafco Fibertech Oy
    • 6.13.95. Pond Biomaterials
    • 6.13.96. Provenance Biofabrics, Inc
    • 6.13.97. Rengo Co., Ltd
    • 6.13.98. Re:newcell
    • 6.13.99. Ripro Corporation
    • 6.13.100. Risho Kogyo Co. Ltd
    • 6.13.101. SaltyCo Textiles
    • 6.13.102. Seevix Material Sciences Ltd
    • 6.13.103. Seiko PMC Corporation
    • 6.13.104. Sharp Chemical Ind. Co., Ltd
    • 6.13.105. Smartfiber AG
    • 6.13.106. Spiber, Inc
    • 6.13.107. Spidey Tek
    • 6.13.108. Sugino Machine Limited
    • 6.13.109. Sulapac Oy
    • 6.13.110. Tandem Repeat
    • 6.13.111. TECNARO GmbH
    • 6.13.112. Tenbro Bamboo Company
    • 6.13.113. Tômtex
    • 6.13.114. Toray
    • 6.13.115. Toyota Boshoku Corporation
    • 6.13.116. TreeToTextile
    • 6.13.117. TS Tech Co., Ltd
    • 6.13.118. Unitika Co., Ltd
    • 6.13.119. UPM Biocomposites
    • 6.13.120. Vegea srl
    • 6.13.121. VitroLabs Inc
    • 6.13.122. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
    • 6.13.123. Woodly Ltd
    • 6.13.124. Worn Again Technologies
    • 6.13.125. Yoshikawakuni Plastics Industries Co., Ltd
    • 6.13.126. Zelfo Technology

7. LIGNIN

  • 7.1. INTRODUCTION
    • 7.1.1. What is lignin?
      • 7.1.1.1. Lignin structure
    • 7.1.2. Types of lignin
      • 7.1.2.1. Sulfur containing lignin
      • 7.1.2.2. Sulfur-free lignin from biorefinery process
    • 7.1.3. Properties
    • 7.1.4. The lignocellulose biorefinery
    • 7.1.5. Markets and applications
    • 7.1.6. Challenges for using lignin
  • 7.2. LIGNIN PRODUCTON PROCESSES
    • 7.2.1. Lignosulphonates
    • 7.2.2. Kraft Lignin
      • 7.2.2.1. LignoBoost process
      • 7.2.2.2. LignoForce method
      • 7.2.2.3. Sequential Liquid Lignin Recovery and Purification
      • 7.2.2.4. A-Recovery+
    • 7.2.3. Soda lignin
    • 7.2.4. Biorefinery lignin
      • 7.2.4.1. Commercial and pre-commercial biorefinery lignin production facilities and processes
    • 7.2.5. Organosolv lignins
    • 7.2.6. Hydrolytic lignin
  • 7.3. MARKETS FOR LIGNIN
    • 7.3.1. Market drivers and trends for lignin
    • 7.3.2. Lignin industry developments 2020-2021
    • 7.3.3. Production capacities
      • 7.3.3.1. Technical lignin availability (dry ton/y)
      • 7.3.3.2. Biomass conversion (Biorefinery)
    • 7.3.4. Estimated consumption of lignin
    • 7.3.5. Prices
    • 7.3.6. Heat and power energy
    • 7.3.7. Pyrolysis and syngas
    • 7.3.8. Aromatic compounds
      • 7.3.8.1. Benzene, toluene and xylene
      • 7.3.8.2. Phenol and phenolic resins
      • 7.3.8.3. Vanillin
    • 7.3.9. Plastics and polymers
    • 7.3.10. Hydrogels
    • 7.3.11. Carbon materials
      • 7.3.11.1. Carbon black
      • 7.3.11.2. Activated carbons
      • 7.3.11.3. Carbon fiber
    • 7.3.12. Concrete
    • 7.3.13. Rubber
    • 7.3.14. Biofuels
    • 7.3.15. Bitumen and Asphalt
    • 7.3.16. Oil and gas
    • 7.3.17. Energy storage
      • 7.3.17.1. Supercapacitors
      • 7.3.17.2. Anodes for lithium-ion batteries
      • 7.3.17.3. Gel electrolytes for lithium-ion batteries
      • 7.3.17.4. Binders for lithium-ion batteries
      • 7.3.17.5. Cathodes for lithium-ion batteries
      • 7.3.17.6. Sodium-ion batteries
    • 7.3.18. Binders, emulsifiers and dispersants
    • 7.3.19. Chelating agents
    • 7.3.20. Ceramics
    • 7.3.21. Automotive interiors
    • 7.3.22. Fire retardants
    • 7.3.23. Antioxidants
    • 7.3.24. Lubricants
    • 7.3.25. Dust control
  • 7.4. COMPANY PROFILES
    • 7.4.1. Key players
    • 7.4.2. Aemetis, Inc
    • 7.4.3. Andritz AG
    • 7.4.4. Anellotech, Inc
    • 7.4.5. Attis Innovations, llc
    • 7.4.6. Avantium NV
    • 7.4.7. Blue Biofuels, Inc
    • 7.4.8. Bloom Biorenewables SA
    • 7.4.9. The Borregaard Group
    • 7.4.10. Burgo Group S.p.A
    • 7.4.11. Cellicon B.V
    • 7.4.12. CH-Bioforce Oy
    • 7.4.13. Chempolis Oy
    • 7.4.14. CIMV
    • 7.4.15. Clariant AG
    • 7.4.16. Domsjö Fabriker AB
    • 7.4.17. Domtar Paper Company LLC
    • 7.4.18. Enerkem, Inc
    • 7.4.19. Enviral
    • 7.4.20. FP Innovations
    • 7.4.21. Fraunhofer Center for Chemical-Biotechnological Processes CBP
    • 7.4.22. Fraunhofer Institute for Structural Durability and System Reliability LBF
    • 7.4.23. Futurity Bio-Ventures Ltd
    • 7.4.24. G+E GETEC Holding GmbH
    • 7.4.25. Global Bioenergies SA
    • 7.4.26. Graanul Biotech OU
    • 7.4.27. Granbio Technologies
    • 7.4.28. exion Inc
    • 7.4.29. Ingevity
    • 7.4.30. Iogen Corporation
    • 7.4.31. Kanteleen Voima
    • 7.4.32. Klabin S.A
    • 7.4.33. Leaf Resources Ltd
    • 7.4.34. Lignin Industries
    • 7.4.35. LignoPure GmbH
    • 7.4.36. Lixea
    • 7.4.37. LXP Group GmbH
    • 7.4.38. Mehler Engineered Products GmbH
    • 7.4.39. Metgen Oy
    • 7.4.40. Mobius
    • 7.4.41. NewEnergyBlue LLC
    • 7.4.42. Nippon Paper Industries, Co. Ltd
    • 7.4.43. Novozymes A/S
    • 7.4.44. ORLEN Poludnie
    • 7.4.45. Praj Industries Ltd
    • 7.4.46. PRISMA Renewable Composites
    • 7.4.47. Pure Lignin Environmental Technology Ltd
    • 7.4.48. Rayonier Advanced Materials
    • 7.4.49. Red Leaf Pulp
    • 7.4.50. RenFuel
    • 7.4.51. Renmatix
    • 7.4.52. Resolute Forest Products, Inc
    • 7.4.53. RISE Research Institutes of Sweden AB
    • 7.4.54. Sainc Energy Limited
    • 7.4.55. SAPPI Biotech
    • 7.4.56. Sekab E-Technology AB
    • 7.4.57. Soma Bioworks/White Lemur Co
    • 7.4.58. Spero Renewables
    • 7.4.59. St1 Oy
    • 7.4.60. Stora Enso Oyj
    • 7.4.61. SunCoal Industries GmbH
    • 7.4.62. Suzano SA
    • 7.4.63. Sweetwater Energy
    • 7.4.64. TECNARO GmbH
    • 7.4.65. UPM Biochemicals
    • 7.4.66. Valmet Oyj
    • 7.4.67. Versalis SpA
    • 7.4.68. Vertoro
    • 7.4.69. West Fraser Timber Co Ltd
    • 7.4.70. Xingzhenghe Chemical Co., Ltd
    • 7.4.71. Yokogawa Electric Corporation

8. REFERENCES

Tables

  • Table 1. Market drivers and trends in biobased and sustainable plastics
  • Table 2. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2018-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Table 3. Global production capacities, by producers
  • Table 4. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2019-2030, by type, in 1,000 tons
  • Table 5. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2019-2025, by region, tons
  • Table 6. Issues related to the use of plastics
  • Table 7. List of Bio-based chemicals
  • Table 8. Biobased MEG producers capacities
  • Table 9. Type of biodegradation
  • Table 10. Advantages and disadvantages of biobased plastics compared to conventional plastics
  • Table 11. Types of Bio-based and/or Biodegradable Plastics, applications
  • Table 12. Market leader by Bio-based and/or Biodegradable Plastic types
  • Table 13. Polylactic acid (PLA) market analysis
  • Table 14. Lactic acid producers and production capacities
  • Table 15. PLA producers and production capacities
  • Table 16. Bio-based Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET) market analysis
  • Table 17. Bio-based Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) producers
  • Table 18. Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT) market analysis
  • Table 19. Production capacities of Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT), by leading producers
  • Table 20. Polyethylene furanoate (PEF) market analysis
  • Table 21. PEF vs. PET
  • Table 22. FDCA and PEF producers
  • Table 23. Bio-based polyamides (Bio-PA) market analysis
  • Table 24. Leading Bio-PA producers production capacities
  • Table 25. Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) market analysis
  • Table 26. Leading PBAT producers, production capacities and brands
  • Table 27. Bio-PBS market analysis
  • Table 28. Leading PBS producers and production capacities
  • Table 29. Bio-based Polyethylene (Bio-PE) market analysis
  • Table 30. Leading Bio-PE producers
  • Table 31. Bio-PP market analysis
  • Table 32. Leading Bio-PP producers and capacities
  • Table 33. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) market analysis
  • Table 34. Commercially available PHAs
  • Table 35. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) producers
  • Table 36. Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) market analysis
  • Table 37. Leading MFC producers and capacities
  • Table 38. Cellulose nanocrystals analysis
  • Table 39: Cellulose nanocrystal production capacities and production process, by producer
  • Table 40. Cellulose nanofibers market analysis
  • Table 41. CNF production capacities (by type, wet or dry) and production process, by producer
  • Table 42. Types of protein based-bioplastics, applications and companies
  • Table 43. Types of algal and fungal based-bioplastics, applications and companies
  • Table 44. Overview of alginate-description, properties, application and market size
  • Table 45. Companies developing algal-based bioplastics
  • Table 46. Overview of mycelium fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 47. Companies developing mycelium-based bioplastics
  • Table 48. Overview of chitosan-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 49. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics in 2019-2025, by region, tons
  • Table 50. Biobased and sustainable plastics producers in North America
  • Table 51. Biobased and sustainable plastics producers in Europe
  • Table 52. Biobased and sustainable plastics producers in Asia-Pacific
  • Table 53. Biobased and sustainable plastics producers in Latin America
  • Table 54. Granbio Nanocellulose Processes
  • Table 55. Lactips plastic pellets
  • Table 56. Oji Holdings CNF products
  • Table 57. Application, manufacturing method, and matrix materials of natural fibers
  • Table 58. Typical properties of natural fibers
  • Table 59. Overview of cotton fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 60. Overview of kapok fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 61. Overview of luffa fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 62. Overview of jute fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 63. Overview of hemp fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 64. Overview of flax fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 65. Overview of ramie fibers- description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 66. Overview of kenaf fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 67. Overview of sisal fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 68. Overview of abaca fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 69. Overview of coir fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 70. Overview of banana fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 71. Overview of pineapple fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 72. Overview of rice fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 73. Overview of corn fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 74. Overview of switch grass fibers-description, properties and applications
  • Table 75. Overview of sugarcane fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and application and market size
  • Table 76. Overview of bamboo fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 77. Overview of mycelium fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 78. Overview of chitosan fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 79. Overview of alginate-description, properties, application and market size
  • Table 80. Overview of wool fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 81. Alternative wool materials producers
  • Table 82. Overview of silk fibers-description, properties, application and market size
  • Table 83. Alternative silk materials producers
  • Table 84. Alternative leather materials producers
  • Table 85. Alternative down materials producers
  • Table 86. Applications of natural fiber composites
  • Table 87. Typical properties of short natural fiber-thermoplastic composites
  • Table 88. Properties of non-woven natural fiber mat composites
  • Table 89. Properties of aligned natural fiber composites
  • Table 90. Properties of natural fiber-bio-based polymer compounds
  • Table 91. Properties of natural fiber-bio-based polymer non-woven mats
  • Table 92. Natural fibers in the aerospace sector-market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use
  • Table 93. Natural fiber-reinforced polymer composite in the automotive market
  • Table 94. Natural fibers in the aerospace sector- market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use
  • Table 95. Applications of natural fibers in the automotive industry
  • Table 96. Natural fibers in the building/construction sector- market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use
  • Table 97. Applications of natural fibers in the building/construction sector
  • Table 98. Natural fibers in the sports and leisure sector-market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use
  • Table 99. Natural fibers in the textiles sector- market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use
  • Table 100. Natural fibers in the packaging sector-market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use
  • Table 101. Oji Holdings CNF products
  • Table 102. Technical lignin types and applications
  • Table 103. Classification of technical lignins
  • Table 104. Lignin content of selected biomass
  • Table 105. Properties of lignins and their applications
  • Table 106. Example markets and applications for lignin
  • Table 107. Processes for lignin production
  • Table 108. Biorefinery feedstocks
  • Table 109. Comparison of pulping and biorefinery lignins
  • Table 110. Commercial and pre-commercial biorefinery lignin production facilities and processes
  • Table 111. Market drivers and trends for lignin
  • Table 112. Lignin industry developments 2020-2021
  • Table 113. Production capacities of technical lignin producers
  • Table 114. Production capacities of biorefinery lignin producers
  • Table 115. Estimated consumption of lignin, 2019-2031 (000 MT)
  • Table 116. Prices of benzene, toluene, xylene and their derivatives
  • Table 117. Application of lignin in plastics and polymers
  • Table 118. Lignin-derived anodes in lithium batteries
  • Table 119. Application of lignin in binders, emulsifiers and dispersants

Figures

  • Figure 1. Total global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics, all types, 000 tons
  • Figure 2. Global production capacities of bioplastics 2018-2030, in 1,000 tons by biodegradable/non-biodegradable types
  • Figure 3. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics in 2019-2030, by type, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 4. Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2019-2025, by type
  • Figure 5. Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2030, by type
  • Figure 6. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2020
  • Figure 7. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2025
  • Figure 8. Current and future applications of biobased and sustainable plastics
  • Figure 9. Global demand for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market, 2020
  • Figure 10. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market 2019-2030, tons
  • Figure 11. Challenges for the biobased and sustainable plastics market
  • Figure 12. Global plastics production 1950-2018, millions of tons
  • Figure 13. Bio-based chemicals production capacities, 2018-2025
  • Figure 14. 1,4-Butanediol (BDO) production capacities, 2018-2025 (tonnes)
  • Figure 15. Dodecanedioic acid (DDDA) production capacities, 2018-2025 (tonnes)
  • Figure 16. Epichlorohydrin production capacities, 2018-2025 (tonnes)
  • Figure 17. Ethylene production capacities, 2018-2025 (tonnes)
  • Figure 18. L-lactic acid (L-LA) production capacities, 2018-2025 (tonnes)
  • Figure 19. Lactide production capacities, 2018-2025 (tonnes)
  • Figure 20. Bio-MEG producers capacities
  • Figure 21. Bio-MPG production capacities, 2018-2025
  • Figure 22. Naphtha production capacities, 2018-2025 (tonnes)
  • Figure 23. 1,3-Propanediol (1,3-PDO) production capacities, 2018-2025 (tonnes)
  • Figure 24. Sebacic acid production capacities, 2018-2025 (tonnes)
  • Figure 25. Coca-Cola PlantBottle®
  • Figure 26. Interrelationship between conventional, bio-based and biodegradable plastics
  • Figure 27. Production capacities of Polyethylene furanoate (PEF) to 2025
  • Figure 28. BLOOM masterbatch from Algix
  • Figure 29. Typical structure of mycelium-based foam
  • Figure 30. Commercial mycelium composite construction materials
  • Figure 31. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2020
  • Figure 32. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2025
  • Figure 33. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market 2019, 1,000 tons
  • Figure 34. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market 2020, 1,000 tons
  • Figure 35. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market 2030
  • Figure 36. PHA bioplastics products
  • Figure 37. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in packaging 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 38. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in consumer products 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 39. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in automotive 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 40. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in building and construction 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 41. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in textiles 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 42. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in electronics 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 43. Biodegradable mulch films
  • Figure 44. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in agriculture 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 45. Algiknit yarn
  • Figure 46. Bio-PA rear bumper stay
  • Figure 47. nanoforest-S
  • Figure 48. nanoforest-PDP
  • Figure 49. nanoforest-MB
  • Figure 50. CuanSave film
  • Figure 51. ELLEX products
  • Figure 52. CNF-reinforced PP compounds
  • Figure 53. Kirekira! toilet wipes
  • Figure 54. Mushroom leather
  • Figure 55. Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE)
  • Figure 56. PHA production process
  • Figure 57. Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials
  • Figure 58. Non-aqueous CNF dispersion "Senaf" (Photo shows 5% of plasticizer)
  • Figure 59. CNF gel
  • Figure 60. Block nanocellulose material
  • Figure 61. CNF products developed by Hokuetsu
  • Figure 62. Made of Air's HexChar panels
  • Figure 63. IPA synthesis method
  • Figure 64. MOGU-Wave panels
  • Figure 65. Reishi
  • Figure 66. Nippon Paper Industries' adult diapers
  • Figure 67. Compostable water pod
  • Figure 68. CNF clear sheets
  • Figure 69. Oji Holdings CNF polycarbonate product
  • Figure 70. Manufacturing process for STARCEL
  • Figure 71. Lyocell process
  • Figure 72. Spider silk production
  • Figure 73. Sulapac cosmetics containers
  • Figure 74. Sulzer equipment for PLA polymerization processing
  • Figure 75. Teijin bioplastic film for door handles
  • Figure 76. Corbion FDCA production process
  • Figure 77. Types of natural fibers
  • Figure 78. Cotton production volume 2018-2030 (Million MT)
  • Figure 79. Kapok production volume 2018-2030 (MT)
  • Figure 80. Luffa cylindrica fiber
  • Figure 81. Jute production volume 2018-2030 (Million MT)
  • Figure 82. Hemp fiber production volume 2018-2030 (Million MT)
  • Figure 83. Flax fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT)
  • Figure 84. Ramie fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT)
  • Figure 85. Kenaf fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT)
  • Figure 86. Sisal fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT)
  • Figure 87. Abaca fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT)
  • Figure 88. Coir fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MILLION MT)
  • Figure 89. Banana fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT)
  • Figure 90. Pineapple fiber
  • Figure 91. Bamboo fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MILLION MT)
  • Figure 92. Typical structure of mycelium-based foam
  • Figure 93. Commercial mycelium composite construction materials
  • Figure 94. BLOOM masterbatch from Algix
  • Figure 95. Hemp fibers combined with PP in car door panel
  • Figure 96. Car door produced from Hemp fiber
  • Figure 97. Mercedes-Benz components containing natural fibers
  • Figure 98. AlgiKicks sneaker, made with the Algiknit biopolymer gel
  • Figure 99. Coir mats for erosion control
  • Figure 100. Global fiber production in 2019, by fiber type, million MT and %
  • Figure 101. Global fiber production (million MT) to 2020-2030
  • Figure 102. Plant-based fiber production 2018-2030, by fiber type, MT
  • Figure 103. Animal based fiber production 2018-2030, by fiber type, million MT
  • Figure 104. Pluumo
  • Figure 105. Algiknit yarn
  • Figure 106. Amadou leather shoes
  • Figure 107. Anpoly cellulose nanofiber hydrogel
  • Figure 108. MEDICELLU™
  • Figure 109. Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet
  • Figure 110. Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric
  • Figure 111. CNF nonwoven fabric
  • Figure 112. Roof frame made of natural fiber
  • Figure 113. Beyond Leather Materials product
  • Figure 114. Natural fibres racing seat
  • Figure 115. Cellugy materials
  • Figure 116. nanoforest-S
  • Figure 117. nanoforest-PDP
  • Figure 118. nanoforest-MB
  • Figure 119. Celish
  • Figure 120. Trunk lid incorporating CNF
  • Figure 121. ELLEX products
  • Figure 122. CNF-reinforced PP compounds
  • Figure 123. Kirekira! toilet wipes
  • Figure 124. Color CNF
  • Figure 125. Rheocrysta spray
  • Figure 126. DKS CNF products
  • Figure 127. Mushroom leather
  • Figure 128. CNF based on citrus peel
  • Figure 129. Citrus cellulose nanofiber
  • Figure 130. Filler Bank CNC products
  • Figure 131. Fibers on kapok tree and after processing
  • Figure 132. Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE)
  • Figure 133. CNF products from Furukawa Electric
  • Figure 134. Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials
  • Figure 135. Non-aqueous CNF dispersion "Senaf" (Photo shows 5% of plasticizer)
  • Figure 136. CNF gel
  • Figure 137. Block nanocellulose material
  • Figure 138. CNF products developed by Hokuetsu
  • Figure 139. Marine leather products
  • Figure 140. Dual Graft System
  • Figure 141. Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins
  • Figure 142. Acrylic resin blended with modified CNF (fluid) and its molded product (transparent film), and image obtained with AFM (CNF 10wt% blended)
  • Figure 143. Kami Shoji CNF products
  • Figure 144. 0.3% aqueous dispersion of sulfated esterified CNF and dried transparent film (front side)
  • Figure 145. BioFlex process
  • Figure 146. Chitin nanofiber product
  • Figure 147. Marusumi Paper cellulose nanofiber products
  • Figure 148. FibriMa cellulose nanofiber powder
  • Figure 149. Cellulomix production process
  • Figure 150. Nanobase versus conventional products
  • Figure 151. MOGU-Wave panels
  • Figure 152. CNF slurries
  • Figure 153. Range of CNF products
  • Figure 154. Reishi
  • Figure 155. Nippon Paper Industries' adult diapers
  • Figure 156. Leather made from leaves
  • Figure 157. Nike shoe with beLEAF™
  • Figure 158. CNF clear sheets
  • Figure 159. Oji Holdings CNF polycarbonate product
  • Figure 160. XCNF
  • Figure 161. CNF insulation flat plates
  • Figure 162. Manufacturing process for STARCEL
  • Figure 163. Lyocell process
  • Figure 164. North Face Spiber Moon Parka
  • Figure 165. Spider silk production
  • Figure 166. 2 wt.% CNF suspension
  • Figure 167. BiNFi-s Dry Powder
  • Figure 168. BiNFi-s Dry Powder and Propylene (PP) Complex Pellet
  • Figure 169. Silk nanofiber (right) and cocoon of raw material
  • Figure 170. Sulapac cosmetics containers
  • Figure 171. Comparison of weight reduction effect using CNF
  • Figure 172. CNF resin products
  • Figure 173. Vegea production process
  • Figure 174. HefCel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test
  • Figure 175. Bio-based barrier bags prepared from Tempo-CNF coated bio-HDPE film
  • Figure 176. Worn Again products
  • Figure 177. Zelfo Technology GmbH CNF production process
  • Figure 178. High purity lignin
  • Figure 179. Lignocellulose architecture
  • Figure 180. Extraction processes to separate lignin from lignocellulosic biomass and corresponding technical lignins
  • Figure 181. The lignocellulose biorefinery
  • Figure 182. LignoBoost process
  • Figure 183. LignoForce system for lignin recovery from black liquor
  • Figure 184. Sequential liquid-lignin recovery and purification (SLPR) system
  • Figure 185. A-Recovery+ chemical recovery concept
  • Figure 186. Schematic of a biorefinery for production of carriers and chemicals
  • Figure 187. Organosolv lignin
  • Figure 188. Hydrolytic lignin powder
  • Figure 189. Estimated consumption of lignin, 2019-2031 (000 MT)
  • Figure 190. Schematic of WISA plywood home
  • Figure 191. Lignin based activated carbon
  • Figure 192. Lignin/celluose precursor
  • Figure 193. ANDRITZ Lignin Recovery process
  • Figure 194. DAWN Technology Process
  • Figure 195. BALI™ technology
  • Figure 196. Pressurized Hot Water Extraction
  • Figure 197. sunliquid® production process
  • Figure 198. Domsjö process
  • Figure 199. TMP-Bio Process
  • Figure 200. Flow chart of the lignocellulose biorefinery pilot plant in Leuna
  • Figure 201. AVAPTM process
  • Figure 202. GreenPower+™ process
  • Figure 203. BioFlex process
  • Figure 204. LX Process
  • Figure 205. METNIN™ Lignin refining technology
  • Figure 206. Enfinity cellulosic ethanol technology process
  • Figure 207: Plantrose process
  • Figure 208. Hansa lignin
  • Figure 209. UPM biorefinery process
  • Figure 210. The Proesa® Process
  • Figure 211. Goldilocks process and applications