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市場調查報告書

有機發光二極體照明 (OLED照明) 的全球市場:2015年∼2025年

OLED Lighting Global Market Forecast 2017-2027

出版商 ElectroniCast 商品編碼 224166
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 437 Pages
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有機發光二極體照明 (OLED照明) 的全球市場:2015年∼2025年 OLED Lighting Global Market Forecast 2017-2027
出版日期: 2018年05月17日 內容資訊: 英文 437 Pages
簡介

全球有機發光二極體 (OLED) 照明的市場規模,2015年達到了1億4400萬美元。此後預計以74.8%的年複合成長率 (CAGR) 成長,2020年達到約23億6000萬美元。以數量為準,到2025年市場規模繼續擴大。但由於平均銷售價格急速降低,整體市場規模也將轉為縮小。為了跟競爭產品 (燈泡型LED照明等) 的競爭得勝,,需要追求只有OLED照明才有的功能、使用法等。

本報告提供全球照明用有機發光二極體 (OLED) 市場現況與展望相關調查分析,各地區的消費額、消費量、平均銷售價格的變化與預測,OLED技術趨勢,主要企業者與其配合措施等彙整資料,市場預測資料庫(Excel),為您概述為以下內容。

第1章 摘要整理

  • 概要
  • 一般照明用的SSL (固態照明) 及照明設備

第2章 OLED技術

第3章 OLED照明市場預測

  • 概要
  • 南北美洲
  • 歐洲、中東、非洲各國 (EMEA)
  • 亞太地區

第4章 OLED照明企業及相關企業

  • Acuity Brands, Inc.
  • AIXTRON
  • Applied Materials, Inc.
  • Arkena
  • AU Optronics Corporation
  • BASF / BASF Future Business GmbH
  • Beneq
  • Blackbody (Astron FIAMM)
  • Cambrios Technologies Corporation
  • Chi Mei Group
  • Corning Incorporated
  • DELO
  • Doosan Corporation Electro-Materials
  • Dow Electronic Materials (Dow Chemical Company)
  • Duksan Hi-Metal
  • DuPont/帝人杜邦薄膜
  • e-Ray Optoelectronics Technology Company
  • E2M Technology
  • Fraunhofer Institute for Photonic Microsystems (IPMS) - COMEDD (Dresden)
  • General Electric Company
  • Heraeus Precious Metals
  • 保土谷化學
  • Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
  • Intrinsiq Materials, Inc. (IM)
  • Jusung Engineering Company, Limited
  • Kaneka
  • Kintec Company
  • Konica Minolta
  • LG Electronics / LE Chem
  • LOMOX Limited
  • Lumiotec Incorporated
  • Merck KgaA - EMD Chemicals Group
  • MC先鋒OLED照明 (三菱化學、先鋒)
  • 三井化學
  • Moser Baer
  • NEC照明
  • Nipon Electric Glass (NEG)
  • 新日鐵住金
  • Novaled GmbH
  • nTact
  • OLEDWorks LLC
  • OSRAM Opto Semiconductors GmbH (Siemens AG)
  • OTI Lumionics Inc. / aerelight
  • Panasonic出光OLED照明 (PIOL)
  • Philips (Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.)
  • Pixelligent
  • PolyIC GmbH & Co. KG (Leonhard Kurz Stiftung & Co. KG)
  • Polyphotonix
  • PPG Industries Inc.
  • RITEK Corporation
  • Rohm
  • SAES Getters (SAES Group)
  • Samsung Group / Cheil Industries / Novaled
  • 三洋化成
  • Schott AG
  • Seiko Epson
  • 昭和電工
  • Solvay Group / Plextronics
  • 住友化學
  • Sun Fine Chem (SFC)
  • Sunic Systems, Ltd.
  • Sung An Machinery Company Ltd. (SAM)
  • TCZ
  • TechnoCorp Energy, LLC
  • Thorn Lighting Limited
  • Tianma Micro-electronics Company
  • Tokyo Electron Glass (TEL)
  • 東北Pioneer (先鋒)
  • 凸版印刷
  • Toray Group/Toray Engineering
  • 東芝
  • Tridonic Dresden GmbH & Co KG (LEDON OLED Lighting GmbH & Co KG)
  • ULVAC Inc. / ULVAC Technologies, Inc.
  • Universal Display Corporation
  • Veeco Instruments Inc.
  • Verbatim (三菱化學集團)
  • Visionox Company
  • WiseChip Semiconductor Inc.
  • XENON Corporation

第5章 市場調查手法

第6章 定義及技術標準

  • 縮寫、簡稱、一般用語
  • 照明的技術規格、通訊協定

第7章 市場預測資料庫:Excel工作表的概要、說明

  • 概要
  • Excel工作表的說明

圖表一覽

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目錄

This market forecast report, which is available immediately, is part of a consultant service from ElectroniCast Consultants to our clients. This report provides a market forecast of the worldwide consumption of Organic Light Emitting Diodes (OLEDs) used in lighting applications. The OLEDs defined in this report are often referred to as OLED devices, OLED light sources, OLED panels or sub-panels, and OLED tiles.

Historical estimated data are presented for 2017, plus the year-by-year forecast through 2027.

OLED Description An organic light-emitting diode (OLED) is a light-emitting diode (LED) in which the emissive electroluminescent layer is a film of organic compounds, which emit light in response to an electric current. This layer of organic semiconductor material is situated between two electrodes. Generally, at least one of these electrodes is transparent.

Lighting Applications The definition for lighting in this study includes general lighting, which is used to provide the main illumination of an area. The lighting category also includes specialized lighting, such as directional, supplementary, and architectural lighting, as well as OLED panels/tiles used in vehicles for the main purpose of lighting.

However, OLEDs used in signage, TVs, displays, and signals are not included in the market forecast data for this study.

OLED Level Quantified in the ElectroniCast Study Below in particular, are three levels (or "food chain") pertaining to the OLED marketplace. For the purposes of this ElectroniCast study, we quantify and provide a market forecast for "Level 2"

  • Level 1 - Organic Materials, anode and cathode
  • Level 2 - OLED Lighting panel or tile with initial integrated frames
    (Without electronics and driver)
  • Level 3 - OLED Module, one or more panels (tiles) with control circuits, other value added components

OLED devices will actually use a value-added OLED product, complete with the electronics (plugs and wires), driver integrated circuits, and possible structural packaging (cap, metallic/plastic panel frames). Also, even further, these packaged/equipped panels/tiles (also known as OLED modules) will typically be available as part of other value-added product, such as lamp-holders/fixtures. Therefore, it is important to note that this market forecast data only quantifies the OLED device (sometimes referred to as a tile, light source, panel or sub-panel) and not the complete module, lamp/fixtures or other value-added product(s).

This report provides the market data by the following regional segments:

  • Global (Total)
    • America
      • United States and Canada
      • Latin America
    • EMEA
      • Northern Europe
      • Southern Europe
      • Western Europe
      • Eastern Europe
      • Middle East and Africa
    • APAC
      • China and Taiwan
      • Japan
      • Republic of Korea (ROK)
      • Rest of APAC

This report provides the forecast by the following functions:

  • Consumption Value: US$, Million
  • Quantity: Number of square meter (m2) in Millions
  • Average Selling Prices: ASP US$, per square meter

Value Market Forecast The worldwide consumption value of selected lighting OLEDs reached $187.6 million last year; consumption value is forecast to increase at an average annual growth rate of 49.7 percent to $1.4 billion in 2022 (1). The total consumption value is forecast an increase to nearly $8.14 billion in 2027. Market forecast data in this study report refers to consumption (use) for a particular calendar year; therefore, this data is not cumulative data.

In the early years of the forecast period, a large percentage of the use of OLEDs in lighting is associated with Research and Development (R&D). R&D costs are non-capitalized labor, which is used for research, design engineering, manufacturing development, and start-up, costs of new production lines. It does not include capital equipment and associated setup costs, marketing support, or normal production support; however it does include expense incurred while prototyping and developing a new process or production line.

image1

**(1) All values and prices in this report are at factory as-shipped levels, and are in current dollars, which include the effect of a forecasted 5 percent annual inflation rate over the forecast period.

According to ElectroniCast, there was enough overall OLED interest and activity in 2017 by substantial leading lighting competitors with existing capable manufacturing capabilities, working with evolving technology, to push for "mass-production". Also, industry players have been very active in establishing the required strategic supplier and intellectual property (IP) agreements, as well as progress in sales/distribution channel (planning) strategy.

Therefore, the stage is set for a "Build-it and They Will Come " marketing strategy. The question is, how many customers will come and when. At the same time, other (competing) lighting solutions already work, have substantial customer base and established sales/distribution channels, occupying store footprint; therefore, OLED will need to find unique style/designs to provide a common-sense approach to providing lighting solutions that the other technologies do not currently provide.

Beyond the "light-bulb" Mentality The ElectroniCast market opportunity analysis (MOA) shows the OLED panel market should not be limited to (only) lamps and typical (conventional) lamp fixtures for general lighting (table lamps, wall/ceiling fixtures). ElectroniCast assumes that the OLED panel general-lighting market will grow beyond the "light-bulb" mentality to a broad base of applications, which currently may not even be in the idea-stage. Applications that have been mentioned by industry participants include (but not limited to) OLED incorporated into the following applications:

  • Windows/Skylights
  • Wall panels
  • Ceiling panels
  • Mirrors with light function
  • Flooring/Steps-stairs
  • Embedded into furniture
  • Structural lighting
  • Other (almost endless possibilities)

ElectroniCast Methodology

Market analysis and technology forecasting are complex tasks. Any predictions of the shape and trends of technology and economic movement start from the notion that the germ of what will be important tomorrow is present, although smaller or larger or in a different form, in our environment today. However, taking as a basis for a prediction the assumptions of current, conventional belief creates a set of preconceived notions that can lead to serious mistakes. ElectroniCast, instead, looks to the basic driving forces.

The future market for an OLED consumed in selected applications depends on a number of factors, including: User equipment demand, for example - specific applications, energy efficiency requirements and government regulations/ laws/mandates/low carbon footprint, future-proofing (design and in technology), economy and investment community: new housing/building and/or renovation cycles, product life cycles, competing technologies/solutions, cost/benefit ratios, requirements driven by intelligent/digital building lighting controls, and others.

This study is based on analysis of information obtained continually over the past several years, but updated through the middle of May 2018. During this period, ElectroniCast analysts performed interviews with authoritative and representative individuals in the OLED and LED manufacturing (materials, chips, packaging, devices, associated parts/pieces, fittings/fixtures) and building/facility management, local/state and federal government policy and management, LED driver IC and micro-controllers, product distributors, retail store management, import/export, and other. The interviews were conducted principally with:

  • Engineers, marketing personnel and management at manufacturers of OLEDs (materials, packaged OLEDs, lamps, fixtures, controls, systems) as well as other technologies.
  • Design group leaders, engineers, marketing personnel and market planners at major users and potential users of OLEDs.
  • Other industry experts, including those focused on standards activities, trade associations, and investments.

The interviews covered issues of technology, R&D support, pricing, contract size, reliability, documentation, installation/maintenance crafts, standards, supplier competition and other topics. Customers and distributors also were interviewed, to obtain their estimates of quantities received and average prices paid. Customer estimates of historical and expected near term future growth of their application are obtained. Their views of use of new technology products were obtained.

The analyst then considered customer expectations of near term growth in their application, plus forecasted economic payback of investment, technology trends and changes in government regulations in the United Sates, to derive estimated growth rates of quantity and price of each product subset in each application. These forecasted growth rates are combined with the estimated baseline data to obtain the long-range forecasts at the lowest detailed level of each product and application.

A full review of published information was also performed to supplement information obtained through interviews. The following sources were reviewed:

  • Professional technical journals and papers
  • Trade press articles
  • Technical conference proceedings
  • Product literature
  • Company profile and financial information
  • Additional information based on previous ElectroniCast market studies
  • Personal knowledge of the research team.

In analyzing and forecasting the complexities of the American and other world region markets for light emitting diode products, it is essential that the market research team have a good and a deep understanding of the technology and of the industry. ElectroniCast members who participated in this report were qualified.

The background market research focuses on the amount of each type of product used in each application in the historical base year (2017), and the prices paid at the first transaction from the manufacturer. This forms the base year data. ElectroniCast analysts then forecast the growth rates in component quantity use in each application, along with price trends, based on competitive, economic and technology forecast trends, and apply these to derive long term forecasts at the lowest application levels. The usage growth rate forecasts depend heavily on analysis of overall end user trends toward equipment usage and economic payback.

The calculation and analysis data spreadsheet technique is based upon input/output analysis, leveraging the quantitative consumption quantity, price and value of each item in each application at all levels to achieve reasonable quantitative conclusions; this interactive analysis concept, first applied on a major scale by Leonteff, of the US Department of Commerce, in the mid 1950s, was then adopted successfully by analyst/forecasting firms Quantum Science, Gnostic Concepts and (in 1981) by ElectroniCast; the methodology is further illustrated by Figure 2

image2

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

  • 1.1 Overview
  • 1.2 Solid-State Lighting (SSL) Lamps & Light Fixtures Used in General Lighting

2. OLED - Technology

3. OLED Lighting Market Forecast

  • 3.1 Overview
  • 3.2 America Market Forecast
  • 3.3 EMEA Market Forecast
  • 3.4 APAC Market Forecast

4. Profiles of OLED Competitors & Related Entities

  • Acuity Brands, Inc.
  • AIXTRON
  • Applied Materials, Inc.
  • Arkena
  • AU Optronics Corporation
  • BASF / BASF Future Business GmbH
  • Beneq
  • Boeing (The Boeing Company) Chi Mei Group
  • Corning Incorporated
  • CYNORA
  • DELO
  • Doosan Corporation Electro-Materials (DSE)
  • Dow Electronic Materials (Dow Chemical Company)
  • Duksan Hi-Metal
  • DuPont / DuPont Teijin Films
  • e-Ray Optoelectronics Technology Company
  • Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI)
  • E2M Technology
  • First O-Lite, Inc.
  • Fluxim AG
  • Fraunhofer Institute for Photonic Microsystems (IPMS) - COMEDD (Dresden)
  • General Electric Company
  • Heraeus Precious Metals
  • Hodogaya Chemical Group
  • Idemitsu Kosan Company, Limited
  • Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI)
  • Intrinsiq Materials, Inc. (IM)
  • JOLED Inc.
  • Jusung Engineering Company, Limited
  • Kaneka Corporation
  • Kateeva
  • Kintec Company
  • Kolon Industries, Inc
  • Konica Minolta Pioneer OLED, Inc. / Radiant Vision Systems
  • Kyulux Inc.
  • LG Electronics / LE Chem
  • LOMOX Limited
  • Lumiotec Incorporated
  • Merck KgaA - EMD Chemicals Group
  • Mitsubishi Chemical
  • Mitsui Chemicals
  • Miwon Commercial Co., Ltd.
  • Momentive Performance Materials Inc.
  • NEC Lighting, Limited
  • Nippon Electric Glass Company, Limited (NEG)
  • Nippon Steel and Sumikin Chemical Company Ltd.
  • Nissan Chemical Industries, Ltd.
  • Novaled GmbH
  • nTact
  • OLEDWorks LLC
  • OSRAM Opto Semiconductors GmbH (Siemens AG)
  • OTI Lumionics Inc. / aerelight
  • Philips (Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.)
  • Pixelligent
  • PolyIC GmbH & Co. KG (Leonhard Kurz Stiftung & Co. KG)
  • Polyphotonix
  • PPG Industries Inc.
  • RITEK Corporation
  • ROHM Company Limited
  • SAES Getters (SAES Group)
  • Samsung Group / Cheil Industries / Novaled
  • Sanyo Chemical Industries
  • Schott AG
  • Seiko Epson Corporation
  • Showa Denko K.K.
  • Simbeyond B.V.
  • Solvay Group / Plextronics
  • Sumitomo Chemical
  • Sun Fine Chem (SFC)
  • Sunic Systems, Ltd.
  • Sung An Machinery Company Ltd. (SAM)
  • TCL Corporation
  • TCZ
  • Thorn Lighting Limited
  • 3M™ - Display Materials & System Division
  • Tianma Micro-electronics Company
  • Tokyo Electron Limited (TEL)
  • Tohoku Pioneer Corporation (Pioneer)
  • Toppan Printing
  • Toray Group / Toray Engineering Company, Ltd.
  • Toshiba Corporation
  • Tridonic Dresden GmbH & Co KG (LEDON OLED Lighting GmbH & Co KG)
  • ULVAC Inc. / ULVAC Technologies, Inc.
  • Universal Display Corporation
  • Veeco Instruments Inc.
  • Verbatim (Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings Corporation Group)
  • Visionox Company
  • WiseChip Semiconductor Inc.
  • XENON Corporation

5. ElectroniCast Market Research Methodology

6. Definitions and Standards

  • 6.1 Acronyms, Abbreviations, and General Terms
  • 6.2 Lighting Standards and Protocols

7. ElectroniCast Market Forecast Data Base/Introduction/Explanation of Excel Worksheets

  • 7.1 Overview
  • 7.2 Tutorial of the Excel Worksheets

List of Tables -

  • 1.1.1 OLEDs Used in Lighting Global Forecast, By Region ($ Million)
  • 1.1.2 OLEDs Used in Lighting Global Forecast, By End-User Group ($ Million)
  • 2.1 Comparison of Light Emission Efficiency and Light Emission Life
  • 3.1.1 OLEDs Used in Lighting Global Forecast, by End-User Group ($ Million)
  • 3.1.2 OLEDs Used in Lighting Global Forecast, by End-User Group (Million Square Meters)
  • 3.1.3 OLEDs Used in Lighting Global Forecast, by End-User Group (ASP per Square Meter)
  • 3.1.4.a Members - CERC Building Energy Efficiency Consortium - 2018
  • 3.1.4.b Members - CERC Building Energy Efficiency Consortium - 2018
  • 3.1.5 General Characteristics of OLEDs
  • 3.1.6 OLEDs Used in Lighting Global Forecast, by Region ($ Million)
  • 3.1.7 OLEDs Used in Lighting Global Forecast, by Region (Million Square Meters)
  • 3.1.8 OLEDs Used in Lighting Global Forecast, by Region (ASP per Square Meter)
  • 3.2.1 OLEDs Used in Lighting American Forecast, by Sub-Region ($ Million)
  • 3.2.2 OLEDs Used in Lighting American Forecast, by End-User Group ($ Million)
  • 3.2.3 OLEDs Used in Lighting USA/Canada Forecast, by End-User Group ($ Million)
  • 3.2.4 OLEDs Used in Lighting Latin American Forecast, by End-User Group ($ Million)
  • 3.2.5 Members of Next Generation Lighting Industry Alliance (NGLIA) - 2018
  • 3.3.1 European Sub-Regions as identified by the United Nations Geo-scheme
  • 3.3.2 Population in Northern Europe, by Country
  • 3.3.3 Population in Southern Europe, by Country
  • 3.3.4 Population in Western Europe, by Country
  • 3.3.5 Population in Eastern Europe, by Country
  • 3.3.6 OLEDs Used in Lighting EMEA Forecast, by Sub-Region ($ Million)
  • 3.3.7 OLEDs Used in Lighting EMEA Forecast, by End-User Group ($ Million)
  • 3.3.8 OLEDs Used in Lighting Northern Europe Forecast, by End-User Group ($ Million)
  • 3.3.9 OLEDs Used in Lighting Southern Europe Forecast, by End-User Group ($ Million)
  • 3.3.10 OLEDs Used in Lighting Western Europe Forecast, by End-User Group ($ Million)
  • 3.3.11 OLEDs Used in Lighting Eastern Europe Forecast, by End-User Group ($ Million)
  • 3.3.12 OLEDs Used in Lighting Middle East/Africa Forecast, by End-User Group ($ Million)
  • 3.4.1 OLEDs Used in Lighting APAC Forecast, by Sub-Region ($ Million)
  • 3.4.2 OLEDs Used in Lighting APAC Forecast, by End-User Group ($ Million)
  • 3.4.3 OLEDs Used in Lighting China and Taiwan Forecast, End-User Group ($ Million)
  • 3.4.4 OLEDs Used in Lighting Japan Forecast, by End-User Group ($ Million)
  • 3.4.5 OLEDs Used in Lighting Republic of Korea Forecast, by End-User Group ($ Million)
  • 3.4.6 OLEDs Used in Lighting Rest of APAC Forecast, by End-User Group ($ Million)

List of Figures

  • 1.1.1 Japan - Fabrication Plant for Plastic Substrate Flexible OLED Lighting Panels
  • 1.1.2 OLEDs in Lighting Global Market Forecast (Value Basis, $ Million)
  • 1.1.3 OLEDs in Lighting India Market Forecast (Quantity Basis, Million/Units)
  • 1.1.4 OLEDs Panels Used in General Lighting Global Market Forecast (ASP per Square Meter)
  • 1.1.5 OLEDs Used in General Lighting Global Forecast, By Region ($ Million)
  • 1.1.6 OLEDs Used in General Lighting Global Forecast, By End-User Group ($ Million)
  • 1.1.7 OLED Lighting Panels
  • 1.1.8 OLED Lighting Modules
  • 1.2.1 Samples of Lighting Fixture Types, using LEDs
  • 1.2.1 Samples of Lighting Fixture Types, using OLEDs
  • 2.1 OLED Layer Diagram with Glass Substrate
  • 2.2.a OLED Layer Diagram: as anode
  • 2.2.b OLED Layer Diagram: as HIL-layer
  • 2.3 Illustration of a Device to Stabilize 2D Materials
  • 2.4 PIN Doping Technology
  • 2.5 Blue OLED
  • 2.6 Fully Stretchable OLED
  • 2.7 High-Efficient Flexible OLED on Plastic
  • 2.8 Fabrication of Large-Area OLED Lighting Module
  • 2.9 Color-Tunable and Framed OLED Panel Modules
  • 2.10 OLED Modules
  • 2.11 Evolution of Research Emphasis during Technology Life Cycle
  • 3.1.1 Product Life Cycle (PLC)
  • 3.1.2 OLED Light - Curved Transparent Connection Solution
  • 3.1.3 Kitchen Under-Cabinet OLED-Based Lighting System
  • 3.1.4 PhOLED Performance Chart
  • 3.1.5 Phosphorescent OLED (PHOLED) Lamp
  • 3.1.6 OLED caster light for Broadcasting (TV) Studios
  • 3.1.7 OLED Inkjet-Printing System
  • 4.1 OLED-LED Indirect Direct Suspended Linear
  • 4.2 OLED Wall Sconces
  • 4.3 Electron Beam Array Test (EBT) system
  • 4.4 OLED - Product Example
  • 4.5 Thin Film Encapsulation for OLED Research and Manufacturing
  • 4.6 Flexible Glass
  • 4.7 Graphene-based transparent electrodes for OLED panels
  • 4.8 All-in-one measurement platform
  • 4.9 Fabrication of Large-Area OLED Lighting Module
  • 4.10 OLED Desk Lighting
  • 4.11.a OLED Layer Diagram: as anode
  • 4.11.b OLED Layer Diagram: as HIL-layer
  • 4.12 OLED Lighting Tiles with Initial Integrated Frames
  • 4.13 Flexible OLED Facility (Turnkey Solution)
  • 4.14 OLED Panels in Colors
  • 4.15 OLED Vanity Mirror
  • 4.16 OLED Lighting Panel
  • 4.17 LED Panel Example versus an OLED Panel Example
  • 4.18 OLED Panel Units with External Power Unit
  • 4.19 OLED Lighting
  • 4.20 Ultra-Thin Glass Sheet, Rolled on a cylinder
  • 4.21 OLED Lighting Panel
  • 4.22 Organic EL Display (OELD) Materials
  • 4.23 Material set for high-performance OLED stacks for lighting`
  • 4.24 OLED- Automobile Tail Lights
  • 4.25 Fabrication of Large-Area OLED Lighting Module
  • 4.26 OLED-Based Desk/Table Lamp
  • 4.27 OLED Processing
  • 4.28 OLED Screen
  • 4.29 Packaging: Conventional LED and Flexible OLED
  • 4.30 Transparent OLEDs
  • 4.31 Organic Solutions Applied to Substrate
  • 4.32 Comparison of PLEDs and SMOLEDs
  • 4.33 Quality & Environment Management System
  • 4.34 OLED evaporation process Equipment
  • 4.35 Cluster Type OLED Equipment Layout
  • 4.36 Coating Equipment
  • 4.37 Polymer OLED Test Cells
  • 4.38 Schematic illustration of printing method applied to glass substrate
  • 4.39 Device structure and luminous efficiency
  • 4.40 OLED Modules
  • 4.41 Flexible OLED Modules
  • 4.42 Corporation Structural Chart
  • 4.43 OLED Panel Light
  • 5.1 ElectroniCast Market Research & Forecasting Methodology
  • 6.1.1 MacAdam Ellipses Chart
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