市場調查報告書

溫度管理包裝的全球市場 (2020年∼2027年)

Global Temperature Controlled Packaging Market - 2020-2027

出版商 DataM Intelligence 商品編碼 968986
出版日期 內容資訊 英文
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
價格
溫度管理包裝的全球市場 (2020年∼2027年) Global Temperature Controlled Packaging Market - 2020-2027
出版日期: 2020年11月04日內容資訊: 英文
簡介

作為全球溫度管理包裝市場主要促進因素有對醫療運輸(藥品,人體組織,疫苗,移植器官,輸血等)的需求增長以及冷鏈存儲和運輸系統的發展。對冷凍和新鮮食品的需求增加。尤其是隨著新的冠狀病毒感染(COVID-19)的傳播,對藥物運輸的需求也在增加,這促進了市場的進一步增長。

本報告提供全球溫度管理包裝的市場相關分析,提供市場基本結構及最新形勢,整體市場趨勢預測 (今後8年份),各類型·各產品·各用途·各終端用戶及地區別詳細趨勢,主要的推動及阻礙市場要素,市場競爭結構,主要企業的簡介·事業策略等相關調查。

目錄

第1章 全球溫度管理包裝市場:分析方法·範圍

第2章 全球溫度管理包裝市場:市場定義和概要

第3章 全球溫度管理包裝市場:摘要整理

第4章 全球溫度管理包裝市場:市場動態

  • 對市場的影響要素
    • 促進因素
    • 阻礙因素
    • 市場機會
    • 影響力分析

第5章 全球溫度管理包裝市場:產業分析

  • 波特的五力分析
  • 供應鏈分析
  • 價格分析
  • 法規分析

第6章 全球溫度管理包裝市場:新型冠狀病毒感染疾病 (COVID-19)的分析

  • COVID-19對市場的影響分析
    • COVID-19前市場方案
    • COVID-19當今市場方案目前市場方案
    • COVID-19後未來市場方案
  • COVID-19流行中的價格趨勢
  • 需求與供給的變動階段
  • 感染擴大時政府在市場上的配合措施
  • 各製造公司的策略展開情形
  • 結論

第7章 全球溫度管理包裝市場:各類型

  • 簡介
    • 市場規模的分析與與前一年同期相比成長率 (YoY):各類型
    • 市場向心力指數:各類型
  • 隔熱托板
    • 簡介
    • 市場規模·與前一年同期相比成長率 (YoY)
  • 絕緣信封
  • 透氣性空氣填補
  • 卷型平板推車填補
  • 隔熱運輸容器
  • 隔熱容器
  • 冷媒
  • 其他

第8章 全球溫度管理包裝市場:各產品

  • 簡介
  • 主動式
  • 被動式

第9章 全球溫度管理包裝市場:各用途

  • 簡介
  • 生鮮產品的投遞
  • 低溫運輸用貯存設備
  • 低溫運輸用航空貨物
  • 臨床供應鏈
  • 其他

第10章 全球溫度管理包裝市場:各終端用戶

  • 簡介
  • 食品·飲料
  • 醫療
  • 化學藥品
  • 生物熱感
  • 其他

第11章 全球溫度管理包裝市場:各地區

  • 簡介
  • 北美
    • 簡介
    • 域內市場固有趨勢
    • 市場規模的分析與與前一年同期相比成長率 (YoY):各類型
    • 市場規模的分析與與前一年同期相比成長率 (YoY):各產品
    • 市場規模的分析與與前一年同期相比成長率 (YoY):各用途
    • 市場規模的分析與與前一年同期相比成長率 (YoY):各終端用戶
    • 市場規模的分析與與前一年同期相比成長率 (YoY):各國
  • 歐洲
  • 南美
  • 亞太地區
  • 中東·非洲

第12章 被全球溫度管理的包裝市場-競爭情形

  • 競爭模式
  • 市場定位/佔有率分析
  • 合併和收購分析

第13章 全球溫度管理包裝市場:企業簡介

  • FedEx Corp
    • 企業概要
    • 產品的組合/概要
    • 近幾年趨勢
    • 財務分析:概要
  • AmerisourceBergen Corp.
  • Cold Chain Technologies, Inc.
  • Tempack and Cropak.
  • Testo SE & Co.
  • Olympus Corporation
  • Deutsche Post AG (DHL)
  • Sofrigram SA Ltd.
  • ACH Foam Technologies, LLC
  • Pelican BioThermal LLC
  • Sonoco Products Company
  • WIKA Alexander Wiegand SE & Co. KG
  • ILLIG Maschinenbau GmbH & Co. KG
  • KIMO
  • 其他的企業

第14章 全球溫度管理包裝市場:重要考察

第15章 關於DataM Intelligence

目錄

Market Overview

The global temperature controlled packaging market size was worth US$ XX billion in 2019 and is estimated to reach US$ XX billion by 2027, growing at a CAGR of XX % during the forecast period (2020-2027).

Temperature controlled packaging plays vital role in keeping safe all kinds of goods such as perishable foods to pharmaceuticals. It is made from insulating materials such as textiles, styrofoam, plastic, phase change materials such as refrigerant gel packs, along with it consists of heating elements such as powered heating blankets and induction drum heaters.

Temperature controlled packaging is fully optimized solution with volume efficiency, simple packing, reduced inventory needs and reduces lower distribution costs to protect valuable, critical goods such as pharmaceuticals, diagnostics/clinical trials, perishable goods, frozen foods, tissue, vaccines and blood supplies around the world.

Market Dynamics

The global temperature controlled packaging is driven by rising demand for transportation of the pharmaceutical medicines, drugs and clinical trial distribution products, tissue, vaccines, donor organs, blood transfers around the globe. Further growing consumption of the frozen perishable food products with growing utilization of cold chain warehouse and transportation systems.

Growing demand for transportation of the pharmaceutical medicines, drugs and clinical trial distribution products, tissue, vaccines, donor organs, blood transfers around the globe

The market is driven by rising demand for the transportation of the pharmaceutical medicines, drugs and clinical trial distribution products, tissue, vaccines, donor organs, blood transfers around the globe. Rising pharmaceutical spending around the globe due to increasing prevalence of infectious and chronic ailments drives the temperature controlled packaging market.

As per the International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers & Associations (IFPMA) in 2017, the global pharmaceutical market reached to around US$ 1,430 billion in 2020 with highest contribution of the developed countries. It created massive demand for the temperature controlled packaging market for transportation of the pharma drugs.

Rising demand for perishable frozen food products with growing utilization of cold chain warehouse and transportation systems

Increasing demand for the frozen food around the globe with growing utilization of cold chain warehouse and transportation systems with surge in the global population. As per the Global Cold Chain Alliance (GCCA) in 2018, the total capacity of refrigerated warehouses around the globe were reached to around 616 million cubic meters increased by 2.67% as compare to 2017. It created massive demand for the temperature controlled packaging market.

Growing launching of the eco-friendly packaging by the leading players due to strict rules and regulations for plastic usage

Growing launching of the eco-friendly packaging for transportation of the perishable goods, pharmaceutical medicines, drugs, etc may create huge opportunity for the temerature-controlled packaging. For instance on 22nd October 2020, Softbox launched Tempcell ECO eco-friendly packaging solution for the life science, cold chain pharma and cold chain logistics industries in the United States.

COVID-19 Impact Analysis

The global temperature controlled packaging market demand has been increased slightly during the Covid-19 pandemic owing to rising demand for the trasportation of the pharma drugs require for the treatment of the Covid-19. Temperature controlled packaging provides safe transfer of the required pharma products, perishable goods to avoid spoilage. Several leading players have taken initiatve for helping the covid-19 infected patients by providing advanced technology material based temperature controlled packaging.

For instance FedEx Express facilitated temperature controlled packaging for transportation of vaccines, surgical implants, numerous medical and healthcare products derived from biological sources in the Middle East, Indian Subcontinent and Africa. As the demand for temperature controlled packaging has been increased for specimen collection and tranfer of the Covid-19 patients.

Segment Analysis

The global temperature controlled packaging market is segmented based on type, product, application, end-user and region.

Rising launching of the new and innovative solutions to address the temperature-controlled shipping require for commercial pharmaceuticals by the leading players

In terms of type, the global temperature controlled packaging market is bifurcated insulated pallet, insulated envelopes, breathable air cover, rollcage cover, insulated shippers, insulated containers, refrigerants and others. Among this, insulated containers has the highest market share in 2019, owing to its rising launching of the reusable, new and innovative insulator for transportation of the commericial pharmaceuticals by leading players. For instance on 3rd Dec 2019, CSafe launched high-performing AcuTemp Plus Series by expanding cold chain offerings for the cell and gene therapy market with launch of high-performing of temperature controlled packaging.

Similalry, insulated pallet, insulated envelopes, breathable air cover, rollcage cover, insulated shippers, insulated containers, refrigerants segments are also growing due to increasing adoption and launching of the recyclable temperature controlled packaging of the wide range of the products such as insulator insulated envelopes, breathable air cover, rollcage cover, insulated shippers, insulated containers range. For instance on 22nd May, 2019, Kite Company launched recyclable temperature controlled packaging range includes five different products such as new insulated box liners, pallet, gel packs, temperature controlled pouches and envolopes. These products are 100% recyclable made from Kraft paper and the internal layer is made up of 100% biodegradable starch-based loose fill which preserves maintain temperature the in-the-box.

Active system segment has the highest demand for commercial air frieght transportation of the pharmaceatical, frozen foods, perishable goods

In terms product, the global temperature controlled packaging market is classified as active system and passive system. Among this, active system has the highest share due to rising demand by the air cargo transportation with rising expansion of the cold storage capacity by thee leading players. For instance on 21st Feb 2020, Mumbai International Airport Ltd (MIAL) made joint venture with Airports Authority of India and GVK for launching the world's largest airport-based temperature-controlled facility for processing food, storage of agro and pharma products. The facility of 'Export Cold Zone' has capacity of holding over 700 tonnes of such cargo at one time with a combined annual capacity of 0.52 million tonnes.

Rising demand for the import export activities of the perishable goods, pharma product around the globe

Based on application, the global temperature controlled packaging market is divided into Perishable goods delivery, Cold Chain Stock, Cold Chain Airfreight, Clinical Supply Chain and others. Among this rising import and export activities of the perishable goods, clinical supply and pharmaceatical drugs. For instance as per the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development in 2018, world trade of the import and export activities of the goods was valued at around US$ 19 trillion. It created huge demand for the the temperature controlled packaging for transportation of the goods from one country to another.

Growing demand for the processed food for with surge in the global population has impelled the growth of food and beverages segmental growth around the globe

Based on the end-user, the global temperature controlled packaging segmented into food & beverage, healthcare, chemicals, biothermal and others. Among this, food & beverages segment has the highest market share in 2019, due to rising demand for the food processing industries with surge in the global demand of the frozen foods around the globe. As per the Cold chain Federation Organization in 2019, England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland has over 450 over 30,000 cold stores for food storage.

Geographical Analysis

North America region holds the largest market share global Temperature Controlled Packaging market

North America region is dominating the global temperature controlled packaging market and accounted for the largest market share in 2019, due to presence of leading manufacturer of pharmaceutical which propels the demand for the transportation of medicines using temperature controlled packaging followed by Europe and Asia-Pacific.

As per the IFPMA in 2018, North America accounted for around 48.9% of world's total pharmaceutical sales compared to 23.2% of Europe. According to IQVIA (MIDAS May 2019) in between 2013-2018, around 65.2% of sales of new medicines launched on the United States market, compared with 17.7% on the European market. It created massive demand for the temperature controlled packaging in the North America and European market followed by Asia-Pacific.

Further in Europe, demand for temperature controlled packaging increased for frozen food. According to the Cold Chain Federation Organization, in the United Kingdom frozen food industry were valued to around US$ 10 billion where as the chilled processed food industry exceeds around US$ 15 billion. It created massive demand for the temperature controlled packaging in this region for frozen and processed food.

Similarly, Asia-Pacific region is also growing at faster pace owing to rising cold storage capacity for frozen perishable foods. For instance in 2018, India was the having largest cold storage capaicity of around 150 million cubic meters, followed by the United States at 131 million cubic meters, and China at 105 million cubic meters. It crated massive demand for the temperature controlled packaging market in this region.

Competitive Landscape

The temperature controlled packaging market is moderately competitive with the presence of local as well as global companies. Some of the key players which are contributing to the growth of the market include FedEx Corp., AmerisourceBergen Corp., Cold Chain Technologies, Inc., Tempack and Cropak, Testo SE & Co., Olympus Corporation, Deutsche Post AG (DHL), Sofrigram SA Ltd., ACH Foam Technologies, LLC, Pelican BioThermal LLC, Sonoco Products Company, WIKA Alexander Wiegand SE & Co. KG, ILLIG Maschinenbau GmbH & Co. KG, KIMO and among others.

The major players are adopting several growth strategies such as product launches, acquisitions, and collaborations, which are contributing to the growth of the Temperature Controlled Packaging market globally. For instance, on 9th Nov 2016, AmerisourceBergen Corp the world's leader in specialty logistics and Courier has launched lighter, more robust thermal packaging solution. The thermal pallet shipper reduces transport costs and maintain temperature up to 40 percent longer than comparable products.

Deutsche Post AG (DHL)

Overview: Deutsche Post AG (DHL) founded in 1995 and based in Bonn, Germany. The Company is a leading German multinational package delivery and supply chain management. It is largest courier company around the world.

Product Portfolio: The company has a diverse product portfolio of temperature controlled packaging includes:

  • Ambient Non-Insulated solution: For the shipment of non-temperature controlled UN 3373 Biological Substances, Category B.
  • Ambient Insulated: For the shipments of temperature controlled UN3373 Biological Substances, Category B. An additional insulated liner for ambient temperature shipments more protection against changes in outside temperature. Dimensions: 23.5 x 19.4 x 12.1 cm
  • Controlled room temperature solutions in three sizes: The boxes are available in Small, Medium and Large sizes and are supplied with different sized Pharmacool Cassettes. Handling instructions for summer and winter temperature profiles are provided to allow for correct pre conditioning of the Pharmacool Cassettes.

Small: 1 x Outer Carton, 1 x EPS Insulated Cooler, 6 x 1350g Pharmacool Cassettes, 1 x Product Carton, 47.5 x 44.0 x 37.0 cm, Temperature 15º to 25º C for 72 hours

Medium: 56.4 x 51.4 x 43.5 cm

Large: 63.2 x 53.2 x 50.5 cm

Key Developments: On 21st July 2020, DHL global leading package delivery and supply chain company invested in first temperature-controlled facility in India with varying temperatures up to -20? C, to meet the stringent needs of pharmaceutical shipments

Why Purchase the Report?

  • Visualize the composition of the Temperature Controlled Packaging market segmentation by product, technology, and end-user highlighting the key commercial assets and players.
  • Identify commercial opportunities in Temperature Controlled Packaging market by analyzing trends and co-development deals.
  • Excel data sheet with thousands of data points of Temperature Controlled Packaging market - level 4/5 segmentation.
  • PDF report with the most relevant analysis cogently put together after exhaustive qualitative interviews and in-depth market study.
  • Product mapping in excel for the key product of all major market players

The global temperature controlled packaging market report would provide an access to an approx. 76 market data table, 73 figures and 230 pages.

Target Audience

  • Service Providers/ Buyers
  • Industry Investors/Investment Bankers
  • Education & Research Institutes
  • Research Professionals
  • Emerging Companies
  • Manufacturers

Table of Contents

1. Global Temperature Controlled Packaging Market Methodology and Scope

  • 1.1. Research Methodology
  • 1.2. Research Objective and Scope of the Report

2. Global Temperature Controlled Packaging Market - Market Definition and Overview

3. Global Temperature Controlled Packaging Market - Executive Summary

  • 3.1. Market Snippet by Type
  • 3.2. Market snippet by Product
  • 3.3. Market snippet by Application
  • 3.4. Market Snippet by End-User
  • 3.5. Market Snippet by Region

4. Global Temperature Controlled Packaging Market - Market Dynamics

  • 4.1. Market Impacting Factors
    • 4.1.1. Drivers
      • 4.1.1.1. Rising demand for transportation of the pharmaceutical medicines, drugs and clinical trial distribution products, tissue, vaccines, donor organs, blood transfers around the globe
      • 4.1.1.2. Increasing consumption of the frozen perishable food products with growing utilization of cold chain warehouse and transportation systems
      • 4.1.1.3. XX
    • 4.1.2. Restraints:
      • 4.1.2.1. High capital investment and maintenance cost require for the establishment of the cold storage
      • 4.1.2.2. XX
    • 4.1.3. Opportunity
    • 4.1.4. Impact Analysis

5. Global Temperature Controlled Packaging Market - Industry Analysis

  • 5.1. Porter's Five Forces Analysis
  • 5.2. Supply Chain Analysis
  • 5.3. Pricing Analysis
  • 5.4. Regulatory Analysis

6. Global Temperature Controlled Packaging Market - COVID-19 Analysis

  • 6.1. Analysis of Covid-19 on the Market
    • 6.1.1. Before COVID-19 Market Scenario
    • 6.1.2. Present COVID-19 Market Scenario
    • 6.1.3. After COVID-19 or Future Scenario
  • 6.2. Pricing Dynamics Amid Covid-19
  • 6.3. Demand-Supply Spectrum
  • 6.4. Government Initiatives Related to the Market During Pandemic
  • 6.5. Manufacturers Strategic Initiatives
  • 6.6. Conclusion

7. Global Temperature Controlled Packaging Market - By Type

  • 7.1. Introduction
    • 7.1.1. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Type Segment
    • 7.1.2. Market Attractiveness Index, By Type Segment
  • 7.2. Insulated Pallet*
    • 7.2.1. Introduction
    • 7.2.2. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%)
  • 7.3. Insulated Envelopes
  • 7.4. Breathable Air Cover
  • 7.5. Rollcage Cover
  • 7.6. Insulated Shippers
  • 7.7. Insulated Containers
  • 7.8. Refrigerants
  • 7.9. Others

8. Global Temperature Controlled Packaging Market - By Product

  • 8.1. Introduction
    • 8.1.1. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Product
    • 8.1.2. Market Attractiveness Index, By Product Segment
  • 8.2. Active Systems *
    • 8.2.1. Introduction
    • 8.2.2. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%)
  • 8.3. Passive Systems

9. Global Temperature Controlled Packaging Market - By Application

  • 9.1. Introduction
    • 9.1.1. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Application Segment
    • 9.1.2. Market Attractiveness Index, By Application Segment
  • 9.2. Perishable Goods Delivery*
    • 9.2.1. Introduction
    • 9.2.2. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%)
  • 9.3. Cold Chain Stock
  • 9.4. Cold Chain Airfreight
  • 9.5. Clinical Supply Chain
  • 9.6. Others

10. Global Temperature Controlled Packaging Market - By End-user

  • 10.1. Introduction
      • 10.1.1.1. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By End-user Segment
      • 10.1.1.2. Market Attractiveness Index, By End-user Segment
  • 10.2. Food & Beverage*
    • 10.2.1. Introduction
    • 10.2.2. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%)
  • 10.3. Healthcare
  • 10.4. Chemicals
  • 10.5. Biothermal
  • 10.6. Others

11. Global Temperature Controlled Packaging Market - By Region

  • 11.1. Introduction
    • 11.1.1. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Region
    • 11.1.2. Market Attractiveness Index, By Region
  • 11.2. North America
    • 11.2.1. Introduction
    • 11.2.2. Key Region-Specific Dynamics
    • 11.2.3. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Type
    • 11.2.4. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Product
    • 11.2.5. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Application
    • 11.2.6. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By End-user
    • 11.2.7. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Country
      • 11.2.7.1. U.S.
      • 11.2.7.2. Canada
      • 11.2.7.3. Mexico
  • 11.3. Europe
    • 11.3.1. Introduction
    • 11.3.2. Key Region-Specific Dynamics
    • 11.3.3. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Type
    • 11.3.4. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Product
    • 11.3.5. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Application
    • 11.3.6. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By End-user
    • 11.3.7. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Country
      • 11.3.7.1. Germany
      • 11.3.7.2. U.K.
      • 11.3.7.3. France
      • 11.3.7.4. Italy
      • 11.3.7.5. Spain
      • 11.3.7.6. Rest of Europe
  • 11.4. South America
    • 11.4.1. Introduction
    • 11.4.2. Key Region-Specific Dynamics
    • 11.4.3. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Type
    • 11.4.4. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Product
    • 11.4.5. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Application
    • 11.4.6. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By End-user
    • 11.4.7. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Country
      • 11.4.7.1. Brazil
      • 11.4.7.2. Argentina
      • 11.4.7.3. Rest of South America
  • 11.5. Asia Pacific
    • 11.5.1. Introduction
    • 11.5.2. Key Region-Specific Dynamics
    • 11.5.3. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Type
    • 11.5.4. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Product
    • 11.5.5. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Application
    • 11.5.6. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By End-user
    • 11.5.7. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Country
      • 11.5.7.1. China
      • 11.5.7.2. India
      • 11.5.7.3. Japan
      • 11.5.7.4. Australia
      • 11.5.7.5. Rest of Asia Pacific
  • 11.6. Middle East and Africa
    • 11.6.1. Introduction
    • 11.6.2. Key Region-Specific Dynamics
    • 11.6.3. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Type
    • 11.6.4. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Product
    • 11.6.5. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Application
    • 11.6.6. Market Size Analysis, and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By End-user

12. Global Temperature Controlled Packaging Market - Competitive Landscape

  • 12.1. Competitive Scenario
  • 12.2. Market Positioning/Share Analysis
  • 12.3. Mergers and Acquisitions Analysis

13. Global Temperature Controlled Packaging Market- Company Profiles

  • 13.1. FedEx Corp*
    • 13.1.1. Company Overview
    • 13.1.2. Product Portfolio and Description
    • 13.1.3. Key Highlights
    • 13.1.4. Financial Overview
  • 13.2. AmerisourceBergen Corp.
  • 13.3. Cold Chain Technologies, Inc.
  • 13.4. Tempack and Cropak.
  • 13.5. Testo SE & Co.
  • 13.6. Olympus Corporation
  • 13.7. Deutsche Post AG (DHL)
  • 13.8. Sofrigram SA Ltd.
  • 13.9. ACH Foam Technologies, LLC
  • 13.10. Pelican BioThermal LLC
  • 13.11. Sonoco Products Company
  • 13.12. WIKA Alexander Wiegand SE & Co. KG
  • 13.13. ILLIG Maschinenbau GmbH & Co. KG
  • 13.14. KIMO

LIST NOT EXHAUSTIVE

14. Global Temperature Controlled Packaging Market - Premium Insights

15. Global Temperature Controlled Packaging Market - DataM

  • 15.1. Appendix
  • 15.2. About Us and Services
  • 15.3. Contact Us