Global Sodium Silicate Market - 2022-2029
The global sodium silicate market has reached US$ XX million in 2021 and is expected to reach US$ XX million by 2029, growing at a CAGR of XX% during the forecast period 2022-2029.
Sodium silicate is a versatile inorganic compound created by heating sand and soda ash. It is also known as water-glass. Changing the sand-to-soda-ash ratio produces products with distinct functions in a wide range of industrial and consumer product applications. High-grade silica sand and soda ash are fused in open-hearth furnaces at 1300°C to produce sodium silicate glass. Under pressure, molten glass is cooled, cracked and dissolved under pressure with hot water and steam.
Sodium silicates have a wide range of applications. For instance, sodium silicates are utilized as detergents, cleaning compound ingredients, adhesives, cement, binders, distinctive coatings, coagulant aids, catalyst bases, deflocculants, chemicals, zeolites and many others. The several features and functional characteristics of soluble silicates can solve many difficulties in industrial and chemical processes efficiently and cost-effectively.
The increased demand for precipitated silica for the green tires is expected to drive the sodium silicate market. However, the hazardous effects of sodium silicate for humans and the environment are likely to restraint the market.
The increased demand for precipitated silica for the green tires
Green tires are becoming more popular with increased urbanization and increased fuel use. Green tires are designed to reduce rolling resistance and hence reduce fuel consumption. Rolling resistance reduction necessitates complete control of the complicated connection between tread pattern, tire structure and rubber compounds.
There is a greater need for green transportation with a growing population and government-imposed fuel economy restrictions. Tire manufacturers worldwide are incorporating precipitated silica into tread compositions to improve fuel efficiency tire performance and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Reducing the amount of energy or rolling resistance required to move a vehicle is a critical issue in an effective solution in reducing fuel consumption and, therefore, the associated costs.
A vehicle generates around one-fourth of the pollutants to overcome the rolling resistance of its tires. The addition of precipitated silica to tire treads could result in an annual decrease of up to 45 million tons of CO2 emissions in U.S. Furthermore; silica increases a tire's responsiveness, handling and steering capability in a wide range of bad weather situations. The tires have also been demonstrated to improve traction on icy roads.
The growing demand for precipitated silica has led to companies increasing the production of sodium silicates to meet the demand. For instance, in August 2021, CIECH Group announced the second stage of production of silicates by constructing and installing a new furnace for melting vitreous sodium silicate in Zary, Poland.
Hazardous effects of sodium silicate for humans and the environment
Sodium silicate solutions are alkaline solutions that have a high pH. The pH usually fluctuates between 11.2 and 12.7. As a result of this feature, sodium silicate solutions irritate the skin, eyes and mucous membranes. Further, contact with the eyes can induce extreme irritation, pain and corneal burns, resulting in blindness. Direct skin contact may irritate.
Inhaling sodium silicate mists may cause respiratory tract irritation, including coughing, choking and pain. Sodium silicate will rarely be consumed, but it is somewhat poisonous and may cause discomfort and burns in the esophagus and gastrointestinal tract, vomiting, nausea and diarrhea.
Furthermore, sodium silicate will initially sink and mix if exposed to water. Because of high pH, sodium silicates can be extremely hazardous. Sodium silicates are moderately hazardous to aquatic creatures and slightly toxic to terrestrial organisms. The diluted substance will disintegrate into silica, identical to naturally dissolved silica.
The sodium silicate market is impeded by the COVID-19 pandemic, as the pandemic badly impacted the pulp and paper business due to widespread lockdowns and social distancing measures. Operating earnings for pulp producers have fallen by roughly 10%, while the worldwide paper and forest products business has fallen by 2% to 4%. In the paper and pulp industry, sodium silicate solutions are widely utilized for peroxide stabilization, deflocculation, alkalinity and buffering. Nowadays, hydrogen peroxide is used in the bleaching process of pulp and paper, with sodium silicates acting as a stabilizer.
On the other hand, with the increased demand for hygiene products such as detergents, sanitizers, soaps and tissue paper, the pandemic has opened up new opportunities for detergent makers, stimulating the sodium silicate market.
Based on application, the global sodium silicate market is segmented into detergents, precipitated silica, water treatment, metal casting, binders and others.
Sodium silicate solutions have been employed to dry detergent powder. Silicate solutions are added to detergent paste and aid in controlling viscosity to produce a detergent powder with the correct density. The sodium silicate also functions as a binder, imparting the required degree of "hardness" to the spherical detergent particles without reducing their water solubility.
Silicates in detergent formulations can help the organic elements with their effects on the cloth surface, keep small dirt or oily particles suspended in the wash liquid and eliminate stains from surfaces. Sodium silicates' alkalinity allows them to neutralize acidic stains, disperse or solubilize proteins and enhance emulsification of fats and oils.
Many detergent processes, such as metal cleaning, laundry and de-inking paper, textile processing, use sodium silicates to clean dishes, dairy equipment, bottles, floors and locomotives. In the textile industry, sodium silicates are employed in cleaning and finishing, wool scouring, kier boiling, wetting agents, soaps, synthetic detergents and other alkalies. Although many other detergent solutions have been created since then, sodium silicates continue to serve the same duties in these new products.
The global sodium silicate market is segmented into North America, Europe, South America, Asia-Pacific, and Middle East & Africa based on geography.
Asia-Pacific is to have a significant market share due to high product demand in China, India, Japan and other countries. The region is home to major sodium silicate producers such as Tokuyama Corporation, Kiran Global Chem Limited, Nippon Chemical Industrial, Shijiazhuang Shuanglian, Chemical Industry and Sinchem Silica Gel.
China is one of the world's top water consumers, consuming 620 billion cubic meters of drinking water annually for human consumption. Therefore, this is one of the sodium silicate market drivers since it has been widely employed in water treatment since its acceptance as a human-drinkable water addition.
Furthermore, as per the statistics provided by the National Bureau of Statistics data, in November 2020, China's synthetic paper and paperboard output grew 8% to a record 11.83 million tons. In addition, the country's newsprint output increased 13.5% year on year to 84,000 tonnes in November 2020.
According to a statistics report published by Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry in January 2021, the total production output of the pulp industry was 0.644 million tons, while the total production output of the paper and paper board industries was 0.973 million tons and 0.957 million tons, respectively.
Therefore, an extensive demand in several industries leads to heavy investment in research and development and various long-term programs are expected to drive the sodium silicate market in the region.
Global Sodium Silicate Market Competitive Landscape
The global sodium silicate market is competitive with the presence of multinational businesses. Major players in the market include CIECH Group, Kiran Global Chem Limited, BASF SE, PQ Corporation, PPG Industries Inc., Occidental Petroleum Corporation, Tokuyama Corporation, Nippon Chemical Industrial, Sinchem Silica Gel, IQE Group, among others. The major players in the market incorporate several market strategies to achieve growth in global sodium silicate; these include mergers, acquisitions, technological advancements, product launches, contributions and collaborations.
Overview: CIECH Group is a Europe-based global chemical company headquartered in Lodz, Poland. The company provides high-end chemical products, including soda ash, salt, baking soda, polyester and epoxy resins, agricultural products and glass products. Further, CIECH Group comprises eight production facilities and trade and service firms.
Product Portfolio: CIECH Group offers sodium silicates in two forms, solid and liquid. The company offers solid forms such as glassy sodium under the VITROSIL brand and liquid under the VITROLIQ brand. The silicates are used to produce precipitated silica, paper, detergents, zeolites and other products.
In July 2018, CIECH Group expanded its glassy sodium silicate production capacity by more than 20 percent At the CIECH Vitrosilicon plant. The raw material is primarily utilized in the manufacture of precipitated silica, which is employed in the constantly expanding tire sector and the paper and detergent industries.
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