Global Automotive Steel Market - 2020-2027
|出版日期||內容資訊||英文 180 Pages
|汽車用鋼鐵的全球市場:2020年∼2027年 Global Automotive Steel Market - 2020-2027|
|出版日期: 2021年04月29日||內容資訊: 英文 180 Pages||
在預測期內，汽車行業對 AHSS 的需求不斷增加，預計將擴大汽車鋼材市場。此外，與傳統鋼材相比，新牌號 AHSS 可減輕車輛重量 25-38%。
Steel is the primary material in chassis and body structures that is the backbone of the entire vehicle. Moreover, steel will continue to be the dominant material in cars, with demand expected to stay the same even as the world transitions to electrified vehicles. So as the design and engineering of vehicles evolve, so will the materials they are made from. In addition, smarter steels can not only offer better strength and safety; they can also adapt to the function of each part, offering high levels of efficiency & sustainability, and innovations in battery technology mean manufacturers can achieve their light-weighting and driving range goals more cost-effectively with steel than with any other material.
The global automotive steel market is estimated to reach USD XX billion by 2027 from the recorded market size of worth USD XX billion in 2019, growing at a CAGR of XX% during the forecast period (2020-2027).
With AHSS, automobile manufacturers are using less material and saving much mass. The studies done by WAS have demonstrated in several projects (the latest is 'Future Steel Vehicle-FSV) that 97 % of the high strength steel (HSS) and AHSS have saved 39 % mass over the benchmark weight.
Furthermore, with the high emphasis on greenhouse gas reductions and improving fuel efficiency in the transportation sector, the automobile industry invests significantly in lightweight materials. Moreover, the industry is moving towards the objective of increasing the use of lightweight materials. It gives priority to the activities connected with developing new materials, forming technologies, and manufacturing processes. In addition, weight reduction is still the most cost-effective means to reduce fuel consumption and greenhouse gases. It has been predicted that for every 9.7 % of weight eliminated from a vehicle's total weight, fuel economy improves by 6.5 %, which means that for every kilogram of weight reduced in a vehicle, there is approx-20 kg of carbon dioxide reduction. In addition, over the last decade, intense competition between steel and low-density metals has been observed in the automobile industry due to the increasing requirements of passenger safety, vehicle performance and fuel economy.
By type, the market is segmented into low-strength steels, conventional high strength steel (HSS), advanced high strength steel (AHSS) and others. By vehicle type, the market is segmented into passenger vehicles, commercial vehicles and others. By application, the market is segmented into structural assembly & closures, bumpers, suspension, rims and others.
The first classification is carbon-manganese, bake hardening and high strength low alloy steels; interstitial free and mild steels; dual-phase, transformation-induced plasticity, twinning-induced plasticity, ferritic-bainitic, difficult phase and martensitic steels. Moreover, the second classification method important for the part designers is the strength of the steel. Therefore, the general terms HSS and AHSS are used to select all higher strength steels. This classification system has difficulty with the ongoing development of the many new grades for each type of steel. The third classification method presents various mechanical properties or forms parameters of different steels, such as work hardening exponent, total elongation or hole expansion ratio. These properties are essential for press shop operations and virtual forming analyses.
Advanced high-strength steels (AHSS) are sophisticated materials, complex, with carefully selected multiphase microstructures and chemical compositions resulting from controlled cooling and heating processes. Moreover, various strengthening mechanisms are employed to achieve a range of ductility, strength, fatigue and toughness properties. Recently, there has been raised funding and research for developing the "3rd Generation" of AHSS. Moreover, these steels have improved strength-ductility combinations compared to present grades, with the potential for more efficient joining capabilities, at lower costs.
Furthermore, the AHSS family includes dual-phase (DP), ferritic-bainitic (FB), complex-phase (CP), martensitic (MS or MART), hot-formed (HF), transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) and twinning-induced plasticity (TWIP). Moreover, these 1st and 2nd Generation AHSS grades are uniquely qualified to meet certain parts' functional performance demands. For instance, DP and TRIP steels are excellent in the car's crash zones for their high energy absorption. In addition, for structural elements of the passenger vehicles, extremely high-strength steels, such as martensitic and boron-based press hardened steels (PHS), improve safety performance.
North America dominates the automotive steel market due to the growing demand for fuel efficiency, enhanced safety, good recyclability and formability characteristics vehicle. The U.S. is the largest consumer and producer of motor vehicles. The automobile industry in the economy has been witnessing development in terms of types of vehicles being produced. U.S. motor vehicle sales reached between 14.5 to 15 million units in 2020 and the first two months of 2021 witnessed lower sales levels than December but continue to follow a general upward trend.
Moreover, strict emission regulations and investment in green infrastructure are expected to grow the demand for various steel products in the automotive sector. For instance, Canada's government invested about USD 3.4 million in clean technologies and green infrastructure by increasing the number of zero-emission vehicles. Moreover, these initiatives complement Canada's strengthened climate plan, A Healthy Environment and a Healthy Economy, which will further accelerate zero-emission vehicle adoption through an additional USD 149.5 million for ZEV infrastructure and an additional USD 286 million for ZEV purchasing incentives for Canadians.
Europe is anticipated to dominate the automotive steel market during the forecast period due to the high-revenue market value attributed to major automobile manufacturers and OEMs in the region. Moreover, recovery of the automobile sector post the recession period across the region may further support the regional growth. Germany is one of the major markets for automotive steel in this region. The country is the highest steel producer in the EU28, with an annual production of approx. 42.43 million metric tons of crude steel in 2018 and is one of the fastest-growing European countries, even in the EV market.
APAC will exhibit a considerable growth rate on account of rising vehicle production across the region. In addition, stringent regulatory norms, including Bharat Stage and CAFE norms, mandate improving efficiency and lowering vehicle efficiency, thereby expanding the study timeframe's regional share. Most automobile manufacturers, including Toyota, Suzuki and Honda, improve their vehicle portfolio with newer-generation vehicles by incorporating high-strength steel. Moreover, While CAFE regulations focus on reducing CO2 emissions, BS-VI focuses on other harmful exhaust vehicles. The BS IV-compliant fuel currently in use has 50 parts per million (ppm) sulfur. But BS-VI stipulates a low ten ppm. Besides, under BS-VI, particulate matter emission for diesel cars and nitrogen oxide levels are expected to be substantially lower than in BS-IV.
The automotive steel market is fragmented with the presence of regional and global players. The competitive contour lies with the increase in the regional company and growing investment in upstream application. ArcelorMittal, Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation (NSSMC), Hebei Iron and Steel Group, Baosteel, Wuhan Iron and Steel Group, Posco, Jiangsu Shagang, Tata Steel Group, HYUNDAI Steel Company, JFE Steel Corporation are the major player in the steel market. The major players adopt several growth strategies such as product launches, acquisitions, and collaborations, contributing to growing the automotive steel market globally.
ArcelorMittal plays a significant role in supplying it to the markets, including household, packaging, automotive and construction. The company steel production is divided into three regional segments Europe produces 47%, America has 35% and other regions (Kazakhstan, Ukraine and South Africa) produce 18% of the steel.
The company manufactures smarter steels that have a central role in this new world of mobility to make cars lighter & safer and have given these advanced materials the inherent strength. Steel can also make electric drivetrains more efficient and it's endlessly recyclable. Moreover, the company manufacture steels that are up to five times stronger than they were 20 years ago so that cars can be lighter yet remain strong and safe. The innovative electrical steels help electric motors offer better range, efficiency & acceleration, and smarter steel solutions are protecting batteries and providing chassis for electric vehicles. Also, ArcelorMittal invests industry-leading sums in R&D to create new steels, steel solutions and steel-making processes.