Smart Cities and Flagship Stores: Lighting Fixtures
全球主要城市中，東京 (日本) 和紐約，首爾 (韓國)，洛杉磯 (美國) ，成為照明設備的潛在市場規模大的城市。市場規模的估計值全都超越10億美元，東京超越42億美元。另外，超越5億美元的城市有倫敦、巴黎、上海、芝加哥、北京、大阪、廣州、華盛頓、休士頓、達拉斯/沃斯堡、香港、舊金山12城市。候補的城市中，基輔 (烏克蘭) 和開普敦 (南非) 最小，為5,000萬美元以下。其他潛力較小的市場 (1億美元以下) ，按順序為班加羅爾 (印度)，阿姆斯特丹 (荷蘭)，傑達 (沙烏地阿拉伯)，里斯本 (葡萄牙)，安卡拉 (土耳其)，奧克蘭 (紐西蘭)，聖彼得堡 (俄羅斯)，雅典 (希臘) 等。
本報告提供全球照明設備相關智慧城市與旗艦店的趨勢相關分析，主要85城市的經濟、人口統計指標 (2013年/2018年) ，及各城市的照明設備的潛在的市場規模，未來市場發展前景 (2023年)，65家領導品牌在各城市的分店情形 - 商店的形態 (專賣店，多品牌商店，購物中心)，分店成本，城市內部的位置趨勢 (距中心部的距離)，Google的評論數和平均值等彙整資訊，為您概述為以下內容。
Boonthavorn (曼谷)，IDC Otsuka (東京)，LEDS 4 Life (開普敦)，Yamagiwa (大阪)，LichtHaus (柏林)，Artemide SohO (紐約)，Flos Professional (米蘭)，DDesign (哥本哈根)，B&B Italia (邁阿密)，Occhio (慕尼黑)，Dallas Landscape Lighting，Trazzo Iluminacion (利馬)，DMLights (布魯塞爾)，Dubai Lighting Center，Eglo (基輔)，Licht+Form (慕尼黑)，Panzeri &Partners (柏林)，Haute Living (芝加哥)，Kapoor Lamp Shades (德里)，Viabizzuno (倫敦)，Panasonic Center (東京)，Foscarini (米蘭)，Technolight (杜哈)
Artemide，Astro Lighting，Delta Light，Eglo，Endo，Flos，Foscarini，Ingo Maurer，Kichler，Kinglong，Koizumi，Kreon，Louis Poulsen，Maltani，Marset，Occhio，Opple，Osram，Philips，Quoizel，Signify，Sonnemann，Viabizzuno，Vibia，Wac Lighting，Xal，Zumtobel，其他
The Report provides profiles of 85 cities worldwide with a selection of economic and demographic indicators (2013 and 2018), estimates of the potential market for lighting fixtures, in each city and the forecasts for the market development to the year 2023. The study also offers an analysis of the geographical presence of a selected sample of 65 brands, each of which operates as a trend-setter in its own category. Each identified location is characterized by its type (store, multibrand store, shopping centre) and the cost of the area in which they are located. The aim is, thus, to provide a comprehensive view of the cities that a selection of international retailers entered. Finally, each profile presents a selection of lighting stores and their geographical distribution.
In order to identify the position of each of these players in the selected cities, CSIL employed the technique of web scrapping. Web scraping (also called web harvesting, or web data extraction) is an IT technique of extracting data from a website using software programs. Usually, such programs simulate human browsing on the World Wide Web using the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) or through browsers. After applying a system of filters, we managed to identified 4,809 locations across 85 cities.
Each location has been further characterized with two additional information: the type of store and the cost of the area. Using metadata, formatted addresses, and GPS coordinates, we managed to define whether the location is a store, a multi-brand retailer, or it is sited in a shopping centre. The residual category, "Else", includes all the other type of locations: offices, warehouses, distribution centre, etc. Secondly, we managed to associate per each location the cost of the area in which it is sited. The cost is given by a proxy that is the average price of the hotel rooms per night for two persons in a given date (ante Covid-19) of all the hotels positioned within 1 km from the selected location. The price of the hotel rooms, their names and locations were collected implementing a second web-scraping tool. We managed to download the references for 71,132 hotels in 148 cities, no data were available for Tehran (Iran) and Khartum (Sudan). Then, the results were grouped into four categories: "Very Cheap" (smaller than the first quartile), "Cheap" (between the first and the second quartile), "Expensive" (between the second and the third quartile), "Very Expensive" (higher than the third quartile).
The same special analysis was implemented for the 85 selected cities focusing on furniture stores only. We geocalized the presence of 30 leading lighting brands in the selected cities. In addition, we look for the outlets registed with the metadata "lighting store". After applying a system of filters, we managed to identified 3,008 locations across 84 cities. No data are available for Tianjin (China). Each location is characterized by the distance from the city centre (in Km), the number of reviews available on Google, the average value of these reviews (from 1 to 5), the website of the store whenever available
For each city profile, the following data, indicators and forecasts are provided:
In order to minimize the problems arisen by the lack of a unique definition of city, CSIL decided to use demographic and economic data coming from a unique source, namely C-GIDD (www.cgidd.com). We access that database in January 2020, therefore macroeconomic estimations and forecasts were made before that date.
The world has changed dramatically in the recent months as the world has been put in a Great Lockdown. According to the IMF, "the magnitude and speed of collapse in activity that has followed is unlike anything experienced in our lifetimes". Up to the publication date of this report updates on forecasts up to 2023 haven't be released. The only updates concern 2021. According to the IMF, "assuming the pandemic fades in the second half of 2020 and that policy actions taken around the world are effective in preventing widespread firm bankruptcies, extended job losses, and system-wide financial strains, we project global growth in 2021 to rebound to 5.8%. This recovery in 2021 is only partial as the level of economic activity is projected to remain below the level that we had projected for 2021, before the virus hit".
The lighting fixtures sector includes: lighting fixtures for indoor and outdoor applications, both with LED and conventional sources. CSIL monitors 70 countries selected on the basis of the importance of their lighting sector and contribution to the world furniture trade. Forecasts are prepared using macroeconomic data and projections provided by international organizations, as well as 30-year experience in the lighting fixtures industry. For the purpose of this report, the CSIL model was adjusted by taking into account an indicator measuring the dimension of the city based on the evolution of gross domestic product. This estimation is assumed to be true within a range of ± 10% from the reported data.
The reference global market, which includes lighting fixtures sold through lighting outlets at factory price, is estimated to be worth around 20% of the global lighting fixtures market. More specifically its share ranges from 16% and 24% depending on the metropolitan areas considered. Worldwide, lighting specialists account for approximately 12.5% of the total market. In addition, the reference market incorporates by some extent the contract segment (26%), Furniture retailers, department stores (8%), and e-commerce (10% to 20%). It does not include the more technical part of the contract segment (ex. street lighting, direct sales to final costumers), furniture chains (ex. Ikea, Wayfair), wholesalers (ex. Sonepar, Rexel), DIY (Obi, Home Depot), and pure e-tailers (ex. Amazon). This estimation, at city level, is assumed to be true within a range of ± 20% from the reported data.
Tokyo (JP), New York (USA), Seoul (KR), and Los Angeles (USA) emerged as the cities with the largest potential market for lighting fixtures. More specifically, their estimated potential markets are all lager than US$ 1 billion, Tokyo's one exceeds US4 2 billion. Twelve cities have a potential market larger than half a billion dollars; they are London (UK), Paris (FR), Shanghai (CN), Chicago (USA), Beijing (CN), Osaka (CN), Guangzhou (CN), Washington (USA), Houston (USA), Dallas-Fort Worth (USA), Hong Kong (HK), and San Francisco (USA). Among the considered cities, Kiev (UA) and Cape Town (ZA) have the smallest potential lighting markets, with values lower than US$ 50 million. Other relatively small potential markets (lower than US$ 100 million) are located, in decreasing order, in Bangalore (IN), Amsterdam (NL), Jedda (SA), Lisbon (PT), Ankara (TR), Auckland (NZ), Saint Petersburg (RU), and Athens (GR).
Boonthavorn (Bangkok), IDC Otsuka (Tokyo), LEDS 4 Life (Cape Town), Yamagiwa (Osaka), LichtHaus (Berlin), Artemide SohO (New York), Flos Professional (Milan), DDesign (Copenhagen), B&B Italia (Miami), Occhio (Munich), Dallas Landscape Lighting, Trazzo Iluminacion (Lima); DMLights (Bruxelles), Dubai Lighting Center, Eglo (Kiev), Licht+Form (Munich), Panzeri & Partners (Berlin), Haute Living (Chicago), Kapoor Lamp Shades (Delhi), Viabizzuno (London, Panasonic Center (Tokyo), Foscarini (Milan), Technolight (Doha).
Artemide, Astro Lighting, Delta Light, Eglo, Endo, Flos, Foscarini, Ingo Maurer, Kichler, Kinglong, Koizumi, Kreon, Louis Poulsen, Maltani, Marset, Occhio, Opple, Osram, Philips, Quoizel, Signify, Sonnemann, Viabizzuno, Vibia, Wac Lighting, Xal, Zumtobel.