市場調查報告書

天然氣進口趨勢的相關調查:中國

Research Report on Natural Gas Import in China, 2019-2023

出版商 China Research and Intelligence 商品編碼 833110
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 50 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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天然氣進口趨勢的相關調查:中國 Research Report on Natural Gas Import in China, 2019-2023
出版日期: 2019年04月11日內容資訊: 英文 50 Pages
簡介

本報告提供中國國內的天然氣的進口趨勢預測相關分析,天然氣市場結構和背景情況 (相關政策,主要進口國家,需求結構及其他),整體進口量趨勢,各產品類型詳細趨勢,主要的推動及阻礙市場要素,今後的進口趨勢預測等相關調查。

第1章 天然氣產業概要

  • 天然氣定義
  • 天然氣的分類
  • 天然氣的產業鏈分析

第2章 中國的天然氣產業的發展環境

  • 經濟環境
  • 政策環境
  • 社會環境
  • 中國的液化天然氣 (LNG)的分析

第3章 中國的天然氣需求量、供給量分析

  • 天然氣供給量分析
    • 中國的天然氣蘊藏量
    • 中國的天然氣的生產量
  • 天然氣需求量分析
    • 中國的天然氣的消費量
    • 中國的天然氣的主要的消費群組

第4章 中國的天然氣進口量分析

  • 天然氣的進口規模分析
    • 進口量
    • 進口額
  • 天然氣的平均進口價格分析
  • 天然氣國內價格、進口價格比較
  • 天然氣進口依賴度分析
  • 天然氣進口商分析
  • 天然氣進口分析:各類型
  • 天然氣的進口依賴度分析

第5章 中國的管線天然氣進口

  • 管線天然氣進口規模分析
  • 管線天然的平均進口價格
  • 管線天然氣進口商分析

第6章 中國的LNG進口分析

  • LNG進口規模分析
    • 進口量
    • 進口額
  • LNG的平均進口價格
  • LNG的進口商

第7章 中國的主要天然氣進口業者

  • China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC)
  • China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC)
  • China Petrochemical Corporation (Sinopec)
  • JOVO Group
  • Guanghui Energy Co., Ltd.

第8章 中國的天然氣進口的未來展望

  • 天然氣的進口趨勢的影響要素
    • 主要的促進因素與市場機會
    • 威脅與課題
  • 中國的天然氣進口量的預測
  • 進口天然氣的需求量的預測
目錄
Product Code: 1904383

Description

The growing Chinese economy and stricter environmental protection policies drive the growth of natural gas consumption in China. In 2018, the Chinese government introduced several environmental protection policies to further prevent and control atmospheric pollution and replace coal with natural gas in key areas, which pushed up the natural gas consumption in China. According to CRI's preliminary estimate, the consumption of natural gas in China exceeded 27 million cubic meters in 2018, registering a YOY increase of more than 10%.

CRI's market survey shows that in 2018, the consumption of natural gas for power generation, household use and industrial purposes increased significantly while the consumption of natural gas in the chemical industry decreased slightly. The consumption of natural gas grew rapidly in the central and eastern regions which have a developed economy and high population density while grew slowly in the western regions. In 2018, the consumption of natural gas in provinces such as Hebei, Jiangsu and Guangdong all saw an increase of more than 3 billion cubic meters.

According to CRI's analysis, as restricted by reserves and exploitation conditions, the production volume of natural gas in China has little growth potential. In 2018, the production volume of natural gas in China was about 160.30 billion cubic meters, representing a YOY increase of 8.30%, a growth rate far lower than that of the consumption volume. But it is noteworthy that the production volume of shale gas reached 11 billion cubic meters with a YOY increase of about 20%.

Because of insufficient domestic production, China needs to import a large quantity of natural gas to meet domestic demand. In recent years, China's reliance on natural gas imports is rising sharply with the rapidly growing import volume of natural gas. In 2018, China surpassed Japan to become the world's largest natural gas importer. According to CRI's preliminary estimate, in 2018, the import volume of natural gas in China was about 90.39 million tons, representing a YOY increase of 31.80% and import reliance of more than 40%. The natural gas imports in China include pipeline natural gas and LNG.

As the import of LNG does not require pipeline construction and the shipping costs are low, LNG dominates China's natural gas imports. According to CRI's analysis, in 2018, the import volume of LNG in China reached 53.78 million tons, increasing by 41% YOY. The growth was mainly driven by China's increasing demand for LNG, the use of new LNG terminals and the performance of new LNG contracts.

At the end of 2018, the annual handling capacity of LNG terminals in China reached 66.95 million tons. Phase I of the seven LNG terminals under construction had an annual handing capacity of 16.20 million tons. In addition, LNG terminals under extended construction in Tangshan, Qingdao and Rudong will see a significant increase in handling capacity after they are put into service.

According to CRI's analysis, the natural gas importers in China have signed many LNG procurement contracts with global natural gas suppliers. For example, in 2018, China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) signed LNG import contracts with Cheniere, Qatargas and Exxon Mobil; China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) signed LNG import contract with Petroliam Nasional Berhad (PETRONAS). In addition, CNOOC's LNG contract with British Petroleum (BP) will be honored in 2019, which means that CNOOC's new LNG contract volume will exceed 10 million tons/year.

Meanwhile, China is building long-distance pipelines to facilitate the transportation and allocation of natural gas on the domestic market. At the end of 2018, the total length of China's long-distance natural gas pipelines was close to 76,000 kilometers. The Erdos-Anping-Zhangzhou Gas Pipeline (Phase I), Inner Mongolia-Shanxi Gas Pipeline (Phase I) and Chuxiong-Panzhihua Natural Gas Pipeline (a branch line of China-Myanmar Pipeline) have been put into service, and parts of the China-Russia East-Route Natural Gas Pipeline and the Qianjiang-Shaoguan Natural Gas Pipeline have been completed. Constant progress is being made in the construction of regional pipeline networks. For example, the construction of six major pipeline networks in the eastern, western and northern parts of Guangdong has been started and is planned to be completed at the end of 2020. With the construction of domestic long-distance natural gas pipelines, the number of natural gas users in China will keep rising, which will stimulate the consumption of natural gas.

As natural gas is environmentally friendly and easy to transport and use, the demand for natural gas in China is expected to keep rising from 2019 to 2023. As the growth rate of the production volume is far lower than that of the demand, the import volume of natural gas in China will keep growing from 2019 to 2023.

Topics Covered:

  • Analysis on supply of and demand for natural gas in China
  • China's policies on natural gas import
  • Volume and price of China's natural gas imports
  • Progress in the construction of LNG terminals and natural gas pipelines in China
  • Major sources of China's natural gas imports
  • Analysis on factors influencing natural gas import in China from 2019 to 2023
  • Forecast on natural gas import in China from 2019 to 2023

Table of Contents

1 Overview of Natural Gas Industry

  • 1.1 Definition of Natural Gas
  • 1.2 Classification of Natural Gas
  • 1.3 Analysis on Industry Chain of Natural Gas

2 Development Environment of China's Natural Gas Industry, 2019-2023

  • 2.1 Economic Environment
  • 2.2 Policy Environment
    • 2.2.1 China's Policies on Natural Gas Import
    • 2.2.2 China's Import Tariffs on Natural Gas
  • 2.3 Social Environment
  • 2.4 Analysis on Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Terminals in China
    • 2.4.1 Capacity of LNG Terminals in China
    • 2.4.2 China's Policies on LNG Terminals

3 Analysis on Supply of and Demand for Natural Gas in China

  • 3.1 Analysis on Supply of Natural Gas in China
    • 3.1.1 China's Natural Gas Reserves
    • 3.1.2 Production Volume of Natural Gas in China
  • 3.2 Analysis on Demand for Natural Gas in China
    • 3.2.1 Consumption of Natural Gas in China
    • 3.2.2 Major Consumer Groups of Natural Gas in China

4 Analysis on Natural Gas Import in China

  • 4.1 Analysis on Scale of Natural Gas Import in China
    • 4.1.1 Import Volume of Natural Gas in China
    • 4.1.2 Import Value of Natural Gas in China
  • 4.2 Analysis on Average Import Price of Natural Gas in China
  • 4.3 Comparison of Prices of Domestic and Imported Natural Gas
    • 4.3.1 Average Import Price of Natural Gas in CNY
    • 4.3.2 Prices of Domestic Natural Gas
    • 4.3.3 Comparison of Prices of Domestic and Imported Natural Gas
  • 4.4 Analysis on China's Reliance on Natural Gas Imports
  • 4.5 Analysis on Sources of China's Natural Gas Imports
  • 4.6 Analysis on Natural Gas Imports by Type in China

5 Pipeline Natural Gas Import in China

  • 5.1 Analysis on Scale of Pipeline Natural Gas Import in China
    • 5.1.1 Import Volume of Pipeline Natural Gas in China
    • 5.1.2 Import Value of Pipeline Natural Gas in China
  • 5.2 Average Import Price of Pipeline Natural Gas in China
  • 5.3 Analysis on Sources of China's Pipeline Natural Gas Imports

6 Analysis on LNG Import in China

  • 6.1 Analysis on Scale of LNG Import in China
    • 6.1.1 Import Volume of LNG in China
    • 6.1.2 Import Value of LNG in China
  • 6.2 Average Import Price of LNG in China
  • 6.3 Sources of China's LNG Imports

7 Major Natural Gas Importers in China, 2018-2019

  • 7.1 China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC)
    • 7.1.1 Enterprise Profile
    • 7.1.2 Operation Status of Natural Gas Business
  • 7.2 China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC)
  • 7.3 China Petrochemical Corporation (Sinopec)
  • 7.4 JOVO Group
  • 7.5 Guanghui Energy Co., Ltd.

8 Prospect of Natural Gas Import in China, 2019-2023

  • 8.1 Major Factors Influencing Natural Gas Import in China
    • 8.1.1 Major Driving Forces and Market Opportunities
    • 8.1.2 Threats and Challenges
  • 8.2 Forecast on Natural Gas Import in China, 2019-2023
  • 8.3 Forecast on Demand for Natural Gas Imports in China, 2019-2023

Selected Charts

  • Chart Classification of Natural Gas
  • Chart Industry Chain of Natural Gas
  • Chart China's Industrial Added Value, 2013-2018
  • Chart China's Import Tariffs on Natural Gas
  • Chart LNG Terminals Put into Service in China by 2018
  • Chart LNG Terminals Under Construction or Extended Construction in China, 2019-2023
  • Chart LNG Terminals Under Preparation in China
  • Chart Basic Reserves of Natural Gas in China, 2012-2018
  • Chart Production Volume of Natural Gas in China, 2013-2018
  • Chart Consumption of Natural Gas in China, 2013-2018
  • Chart Industrial and Household Consumption of Natural Gas in China, 2012-2018
  • Chart Consumption of Natural Gas by Industry in China, 2012-2018
  • Chart Import Volume of Natural Gas in China, 2013-2018
  • Chart Import Value of Natural Gas in China, 2015-2018
  • Chart Average Import Price of Natural Gas in China, 2015-2018
  • Chart Average Import Price of Natural Gas in China in CNY, 2015-2018
  • Chart Market Price of Domestic Natural Gas in China, 2013-2018
  • Chart Prices of Domestic and Imported Natural Gas, 2015-2018
  • Chart China's Reliance on Natural Gas Imports, 2013-2018
  • Chart Major Sources of China's Natural Gas Imports
  • Chart Import Volume of Natural Gas by Type in China, 2013-2018
  • Chart Import Volume of Pipeline Natural Gas in China, 2013-2018
  • Chart Import Value of Pipeline Natural Gas in China, 2015-2018
  • Chart Average Import Price of Pipeline Natural Gas in China, 2015-2018
  • Chart Sources of China's Pipeline Natural Gas Imports in 2018
  • Chart Import Volume of LNG in China, 2013-2018
  • Chart Average Import Price of LNG in China, 2013-2018
  • Chart Major Sources of China's LNG Imports in 2017
  • Chart Major Natural Gas Importers in China
  • Chart Profile of CNPC
  • Chart Natural Gas Business Data of CNPC, 2013-2017
  • Chart Forecast on Import Volume of Natural Gas in China, 2019-2023
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