市場調查報告書
商品編碼
1028273

中國液化天然氣(LNG)進口量(2021-2025年)

Research Report on China's LNG (liquefied natural gas) Import, 2021-2025

出版日期: | 出版商: China Research and Intelligence | 英文 70 Pages | 商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內

價格
  • 全貌
  • 簡介
  • 目錄
簡介

2020年,我國天然氣產量將達到1925億立方米,比上年增長9.8%,其中煤氣產量達到40億立方米,煤層氣產量達到65億立方米,頁岩氣產量達到200億立方米,已經超過立方米了。在中國,常規天然氣的儲量和產量已經跟不上不斷增長的需求。由於中國天然氣產量增長空間有限,需要進口天然氣。

截至2020年底,中國液化天然氣(LNG)接收站年總產能達到1085萬噸,同比增長14.2%至8700萬噸。如果該項目如期完工,預計到2025年底中國液化天然氣(LNG)年產能將接近1.8億噸。

2020年,中國將有24個液化天然氣(LNG)進口目的地,其中澳大利亞以46%位列第一,卡塔爾位居第二,馬來西亞和印度尼西亞緊隨其後。管道天然氣的前五名進口國是土庫曼斯坦、烏茲別克斯坦、哈薩克斯坦、緬甸和俄羅斯。

隨著中國經濟、工業和城市的發展,以及環保政策的加強,天然氣和液化天然氣(LNG)正在取代煤炭。預計未來幾年中國對天然氣和液化天然氣 (LNG) 的需求將繼續增長。在中國,超過一半的家庭仍以木柴和煤炭為主要燃料,因此預計天然氣和液化天然氣(LNG)市場還有很大的擴張空間。由於中國天然氣產量增幅有限,預計2021年至2025年中國液化天然氣(LNG)進口量將繼續增加。

調查範圍

  • 嚴重急性呼吸系統綜合症 (COVID-19) 對中國液化天然氣 (LNG) 進口的影響
  • 中國液化天然氣(LNG)生產和消費
  • 中國液化天然氣(LNG)進口分析(2016-2021)
  • 中國主要的液化天然氣 (LNG) 進口目的地
  • 中國市場國產和進口液化天然氣(LNG)價格分析
  • 中國液化天然氣(LNG)進口的主要影響因素
  • 中國液化天然氣(LNG)進口量預測(2021-2025)

目錄

第 1 章中國液化天然氣(LNG)產業概況

  • 液化天然氣(LNG)的定義和分類
    • 含義
    • 分類
  • 中國液化天然氣 (LNG) 的主要下游應用
  • 調查方法
    • 參數/假設
    • 來源
    • 關於中國研究與情報 (CRI)
  • 嚴重急性呼吸系統綜合症 (COVID-19) 對中國液化天然氣 (LNG) 進口的影響

第 2 章中國液化天然氣(LNG)行業發展趨勢(2020-2021)

  • 經濟環境
    • 中國經濟
    • 世界經濟
  • 中國政府對液化天然氣 (LNG) 進口的政策
    • 政策概覽
    • 政策趨勢
  • 中國液化天然氣(LNG)需求分析
    • 總需求
    • 主要需求領域
    • 中國市場液化天然氣(LNG)價格走勢

第 3 章中國液化天然氣(LNG)進口分析(2018-2021)

  • 中國液化天然氣 (LNG) 進口趨勢(2018-2021)
    • 中國進口液化天然氣(LNG)
    • 中國液化天然氣 (LNG) 進口額
    • 中國液化天然氣 (LNG) 進口價格走勢
  • 中國液化天然氣(LNG)供應地(2018-2021)
    • 中國主要的液化天然氣 (LNG) 進口國 (2019)
    • 中國主要的液化天然氣 (LNG) 進口國 (2020)
    • 中國主要的液化天然氣 (LNG) 進口國 (2021)
  • 中國進口液化天然氣(LNG)的主要影響因素
    • 優勢
    • 缺點

第 4 章中國液化天然氣(LNG)主要供應商分析(2020-2021)

  • 澳大利亞
    • 液化天然氣 (LNG) 行業概覽
    • 對中國的出口量
  • 卡塔爾
  • 印度尼西亞
  • 馬來西亞
  • 俄羅斯
  • 巴布亞新幾內亞
  • 美國
  • 尼日利亞
  • 秘魯
  • 阿曼

第 5 章中國主要液化天然氣 (LNG) 進口國 (2020-2021)

  • China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC)
    • 公司簡介
    • 液化天然氣(LNG)接收站分析
  • China Petrochemical Corporation (Sinopec Group)
  • China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC)
  • Dongguan JOVO LNG Storage and Transportation Co., Ltd.
  • ENN Energy Holdings Limited

第 6 章中國液化天然氣(LNG)進口量預測(2021-2025)

  • 中國液化天然氣 (LNG) 進口的主要影響因素:預測
    • 進口促進因素
    • 進口限制因素
    • 新型冠狀病毒感染 (COVID-19) 的影響
  • 中國液化天然氣(LNG)進口量預測(2021-2025)
    • 進口量預測:總體
    • 進口量預測:按國家分類
目錄
Product Code: 2109547

In 2020, China's natural gas production reached 192.5 billion cubic meters, a year-on-year increase of 9.8%, of which coal-to-gas production was 4 billion cubic meters; coal-bed methane production 6.5 billion cubic meters; and shale gas production exceeded 20 billion cubic meters. In China, conventional natural gas reserves and production are insufficient to meet the growth in demand. With limited room for growth in China's domestic natural gas production, importing natural gas is necessary.

As of the end of 2020, the total receiving capacity of China's LNG terminals reached 87 million tonnes/year, a year-on-year increase of 14.2%, with an additional annual receiving capacity of 10.85 million tonnes/year. Besides, the potential of ongoing and upcoming projects is huge. If these projects are completed as scheduled, it is estimated that by the end of 2025, China's LNG receiving capacity will be close to 180 million tonnes/year.

In 2020, There were 24 LNG import sources for China, among which Australia ranked first with 46% of imports and Qatar ranked second, followed by Malaysia and Indonesia. The top 5 import sources of pipeline gas were Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Myanmar and Russia.

In 2020, China imported 101.66 million tonnes of natural gas (about 140.3 billion cubic meters), a year-on-year increase of 5.3%. Among them, the import volume of LNG was 67.13 million tonnes, a year-on-year increase of 11.5%. The import volume of gaseous natural gas was 34.53 million tonnes, a year-on-year decrease of 4.9%. According to CRI, impacted by the increase of domestic gas production and the COVID-19 pandemic, the growth of China's natural gas imports slowed down in 2020. China's degree of dependence on imported natural gas was about 43% in 2020, 2% lower than in 2019.

In the first half of 2021, China's natural gas imports increased significantly. According to China Customs, from January to June 2021, China imported 59.82 million tonnes of natural gas, an increase of 23.8% over the same period in 2020, and the import value was CNY136.24 billion, an increase of 9.5% over the same period in 2020.

During the first half of 2021, the growth of China's natural gas imports mainly happened in LNG sector. The January and February of 2021 was the winter season in China, which was much colder than the same period in 2020. Temperatures in most parts of China plunged, so residents' demand for LNG for heating rose sharply, prompting a significant increase in China's LNG imports. As the temperature rose in March 2021, residents' demand for heating weakened, and thus natural gas imports decreased. However, as the "coal-to-gas" project continued, industrial and commercial demand for natural gas kept growing, prompting China's natural gas imports to increase again. On the whole, China's natural gas imports increased significantly in the first half of 2021.

Regarding import sources, in the first half of 2021, China's LNG imports were from 24 countries, of which Australia still ranked first in, accounting for 39% of imports. Malaysia ranked second, accounting for 12%, followed by Qatar, the United States, and Indonesia. China's import sources of pipeline gas are relatively fixed. They are Turkmenistan, the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Myanmar, and Uzbekistan.

According to CRI, considering natural gas extraction in China, non-state-owned capital is subject to many restrictions. But private enterprises and foreign capital can invest in shale gas, coalbed methane, LNG, and terminal gas supply. These fields are currently encouraged by the Chinese government and enjoy certain preferential policies. For a long time, China's LNG import companies were only China's three state-owned petrochemical companies: CNPC, Sinopec and CNOOC. With the easing of Chinese government's restrictions on LNG import, some non-state-owned enterprises have also gradually been allowed to import LNG and build LNG terminals.

According to CRI's forecast, with the development of China's economy, industry and urbanization, as well as its increasingly stringent environmental protection policies, the substitution of natural gas and LNG for coal is continuing. It is expected that China's demand for natural gas and LNG will continue to rise in the next few years. In China, more than half of households still use wood or coal as their main fuel, which means that there is huge room for the expansion of natural gas and LNG market. As China's domestic natural gas production has limited room for growth, it is expected that from 2021 to 2025, China's LNG imports will continue to rise.

Topics Covered:

The impact of COVID-19 on China's LNG import

China's LNG production and consumption

Analysis of China's LNG imports, 2016-2021

China's main sources of LNG import

Analysis of prices of domestic and imported LNG in China's market

The key influencing factors of China's LNG import

Forecast on China's LNG import, 2021-2025

Table of Contents

Table of Content

1 Overview of China's LNG Industry

  • 1.1 Definition and Classification of LNG
    • 1.1.1 Definition
    • 1.1.2 Classification
  • 1.2 The Main LNG Downstream Applications in China
  • 1.3 Research Methodology
    • 1.3.1 Parameters and Assumptions
    • 1.3.2 Data Sources
    • 1.3.3 About CRI
  • 1.4 The Impact of COVID-19 on China's LNG Import

2 Development Environment of China's LNG Industry, 2020-2021

  • 2.1 Economic Environment
    • 2.1.1 Chinese Economy
    • 2.1.2 Global Economy
  • 2.2 Chinese Government's Policy on LNG Import
    • 2.2.1 Policy Overview
    • 2.2.2 Policy Trends
  • 2.3 China's LNG Demand Analysis
    • 2.3.1 Total Demand
    • 2.3.2 Major Demand Sectors
    • 2.3.3 Price Trends of LNG in China's Market

3 China's LNG Import Analysis, 2018-2021

  • 3.1 China's Total LNG Imports, 2018-2021
    • 3.1.1 China's LNG Import Volume
    • 3.1.2 China's LNG Import Value
    • 3.1.3 Analysis of Imported LNG Price in China
  • 3.2 China's Main Sources of LNG Import, 2018-2021
    • 3.2.1 The Main Sources of China's LNG Import in 2019
    • 3.2.2 The Main Sources of China's LNG Import in 2020
    • 3.2.3 China's Main Sources of LNG Import in 2021
  • 3.3 Key Influencing Factors of China's LNG Import
    • 3.3.1 Advantages
    • 3.3.2 Disadvantages

4 Analysis of China's Main Sources of LNG Import, 2020-2021

  • 4.1 Australia
    • 4.1.1 Overview of Australia's LNG Industry
    • 4.1.2 Australia's LNG Exports to China
  • 4.2 Qatar
    • 4.1.1 Overview of Qatar LNG Industry
    • 4.1.2 Qatar's LNG Exports to China

(4.3-4.10's structure is similar to 4.1-4.2)

  • 4.3 Indonesia
  • 4.4 Malaysia
  • 4.5 Russia
  • 4.6 Papua New Guinea
  • 4.7 United States
  • 4.8 Nigeria
  • 4.9 Peru
  • 4.10 Oman

5 China's Major LNG Import Companies, 2020-2021

  • 5.1 China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC)
    • 5.1.1 Enterprise Profile
    • 5.1.2 Analysis of LNG Terminals of CNPC
  • 5.2 China Petrochemical Corporation (Sinopec Group)
    • 5.2.1 Enterprise Profile
    • 5.2.2 Analysis of LNG Terminals of Sinopec Group
  • 5.3 China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC)
    • 5.3.1 Enterprise Profile
    • 5.3.2 Analysis of LNG Terminals of CNOOC
  • 5.4 Dongguan JOVO LNG Storage and Transportation Co., Ltd.
    • 5.4.1 Enterprise Profile
    • 5.4.2 Analysis of LNG Terminals of Dongguan JOVO
  • 5.5 ENN Energy Holdings Limited
    • 5.5.1 Enterprise Profile
    • 5.5.2 Analysis of LNG Terminals of ENN Energy

6 Forecast on China's LNG Import, 2021-2025

  • 6.1 Forecast on Key Influencing Factors of China's LNG Import
    • 6.1.1 Factors Promoting China's LNG Import
    • 6.1.2 Factors Hindering China's LNG Import
    • 6.1.3 The Impact of COVID-19 on China's LNG Import
  • 6.2 Forecast on China's LNG Import, 2021-2025
    • 6.2.1 Forecast on Overall Import Volume
    • 6.2.2 Forecast on Import Volume by Country

List of Charts

  • Chart Chinese Government's LNG Import Policy, 2016-2021
  • Chart China's Natural Gas Production, 2010-2020
  • Chart China's Natural Gas Demand, 2010-2020
  • Chart China's Natural Gas demand structure, 2020
  • Chart China's LNG Import Volume, 2010-2020
  • Chart LNG Price Trends in China's Market, 2016-2021
  • Chart China's Main Sources of LNG Import, 2020
  • Chart China's Main Sources of LNG Import, 2021
  • Chart Forecast on China's LNG Consumption, 2021-2025
  • Chart Forecast on China's LNG Import Volume, 2021-2025