市場調查報告書

全球輔助機器人市場規模調查(對COVID-19的影響):按流動性,類型,應用和地區進行的預測(2020-2027)

Global Assistive Robotics Market Size study with COVID-19 impact, by Mobility, by Type, by Application and Regional Forecasts 2020-2027

出版商 Bizwit Research & Consulting LLP 商品編碼 951231
出版日期 內容資訊 英文
商品交期: 2-3個工作天內
價格
全球輔助機器人市場規模調查(對COVID-19的影響):按流動性,類型,應用和地區進行的預測(2020-2027) Global Assistive Robotics Market Size study with COVID-19 impact, by Mobility, by Type, by Application and Regional Forecasts 2020-2027
出版日期: 2020年07月10日內容資訊: 英文
簡介

2019年,全球輔助機器人市場價值約為41億美元,預計在2020-2027年預測期間將以超過22.30%的健康速度增長。機器人是機械數位智能代理,用於在機器人上執行特定項目,與代理的編程或通過遠程操作保持一致。支持機器人用於幫助殘疾人,老人和嬰兒,或用於商業目的。即使您自己做不到,也可以從遠處控制支撐機器人的功能。輔助機器人的傳感器具有智能算法,可以與個人交談,自主導航和做出獨立決策。由於機器人生產的放緩和必需原材料的供應不足,全球COVID-19的流行正在對機器人市場產生負面影響。受冠狀病毒影響的主要經濟體中的許多政府,例如美國,中國,印度和德國,已宣佈封鎖以防止該病毒傳播。另一方面,在預測期內,老年人的患病率上升,而支持老年人的輔助機器人的關鍵部件數量也在增加,這推動了市場的增長。例如,根據世界衛生組織的數據,預計65歲以上的人口將從2010年的5.24億增加到2050年的約16億。此外,在預測期內,擴大外骨骼和機器人手術的醫療保險範圍是推動市場增長的因素。但是,尤其是在醫療保健行業中,必須遵守各種標準和認證,這已阻礙了預測期內市場的增長。

該報告調查了全球輔助機器人市場,並提供了市場概況以及按移動性,類型,應用程序和區域劃分的趨勢,以及進入該市場的公司的概況。

內容

第1章執行摘要

第2章全球支持機器人市場的定義和範圍

第3章世界支持機器人的市場動態

  • 支持機器人市場影響分析(2018-2027)

第4章世界支持機器人市場行業分析

  • 波特的五力模型
  • PEST分析
  • 投資招聘模型
  • 分析師的建議和結論

第5章全球移動機器人市場

  • 市場概況
  • 全球移動機器人市場(按移動性,性能潛力分析)
  • 全球移動機器人市場估計和預測:2017-2027(十億美元)
  • 支持機器人市場,細分市場分析
    • 固定式
    • 可移動

第6章按類型劃分的全球支持機器人市場

  • 市場概況
  • 全球支持機器人市場的類型,性能潛力分析
  • 全球支持機器人市場估計和預測類型:2017-2027(十億美元)
  • 支持機器人市場,細分市場分析
    • 身體支撐機器人
    • 社會支持機器人
    • 混合支持機器人

第7章按應用分列的全球支持機器人市場

  • 市場概況
  • 按應用,性能潛力分析的全球支持機器人市場
  • 按應用分列的全球支持機器人市場的估算和預測:2017-2027(十億美元)
  • 支持機器人市場,細分市場分析
    • 手術支持
    • 殘疾支持
    • 撫養老人
    • 公共關係
    • 工業
    • 同伴關係
    • 防禦
    • 其他

第8章全球支持機器人市場,區域分析

  • 區域市場概況
  • 北美
    • 美國
    • 加拿大
  • 歐洲快照
    • 英國
    • 德國
    • 法國
    • 西班牙
    • 意大利
    • 其他
  • 亞太快照
    • 中國
    • 印度
    • 日本
    • 澳大利亞
    • 韓國
    • 其他亞太地區
  • 拉丁美洲快照
    • 巴西
    • 墨西哥
  • 其他地區

第9章競爭信息

  • 頂級市場策略
  • 公司簡介
    • Kinova Robotics
    • Focal Meditech
    • Softbank Robotics
    • Cyberdyne
    • Intuitive Surgical
    • EKSO Bionics
    • Ubtech Robotics
    • Barrett Technology
    • Rewalk Robotics
    • Hyundai

第10章調查過程

目錄

Title:
Global Assistive Robotics Market Size study with COVID-19 impact, by Mobility (Stationery and Mobile), by Type (Physically Assistive Robots. Socially Assistive Robots and Mixed Assistive Robots), by Application (Surgery Assistance, Handicap Assistance, Elderly Assistance, Public Relation, Industrial, Companionship, Defense and Others) and Regional Forecasts 2020-2027.

Global Assistive Robotics Market is valued approximately at USD 4.10 Billion in 2019 and is anticipated to grow with a healthy growth rate of more than 22.30% over the forecast period 2020-2027. A robot is a mechanical and digital smart agent that uses to perform the specific project robotically as consistent with the programming of an agent or via faraway manipulation. An assistive robot uses for appearing a venture for persons with a disability, the older human beings, babies and for business purposes. Incapacity folks can control the functioning of the assistive robots with the help of a far off. An assistive robotic is having sensors and clever algorithms to talk with individuals, to navigate autonomously and to come to a decision independently. The global pandemic of COVID-19 has adverse effect on robotics market due to the slowdown in manufacturing of robots and insufficient supply of essential raw materials. As many governments across major economies such as United States, China, India, and Germany etc. affected by coronavirus announced lockdown to preserve spread of virus. Whereas, the rise in prevalence of geriatric population and essential component of assistive robotics in assisting older populations is driving the growth of market over the forecast years. For instance: According to World Health Organization, the number of people aged 65 or older is projected to grow from an estimated 524 million in 2010 to nearly 1.6 billion in 2050. Additionally, rising insurance coverage for medical exoskeletons and robotic surgeries is the factor propelling the growth of market over the forecast years. However, necessity to abide various standards and certifications, especially in medical industry is hampering the growth of market over the forecast years.

The regional analysis of global Assistive Robotics Market is considered for the key regions such as Asia Pacific, North America, Europe, Latin America, and Rest of the World. North America is the leading/significant region across the world in terms of market share owing to the rising insurance coverage for medical exoskeletons and robotic surgeries. Whereas, Asia-Pacific is also anticipated to exhibit highest growth rate / CAGR over the forecast period 2020-2027. Factors such as rise in growth of geriatric population would create lucrative growth prospects for the Assistive Robotics Market across Asia-Pacific region.

Major market player included in this report are:

Kinova Robotics

Focal Meditech

Softbank Robotics

Cyberdyne

Intuitive Surgical

EKSO Bionics

Ubtech Robotics

Barrett Technology

Rewalk Robotics

Hyundai

The objective of the study is to define market sizes of different segments & countries in recent years and to forecast the values to the coming eight years. The report is designed to incorporate both qualitative and quantitative aspects of the industry within each of the regions and countries involved in the study. Furthermore, the report also caters the detailed information about the crucial aspects such as driving factors & challenges which will define the future growth of the market. Additionally, the report shall also incorporate available opportunities in micro markets for stakeholders to invest along with the detailed analysis of competitive landscape and Mobility offerings of key players. The detailed segments and sub-segment of the market are explained below:

By Mobility:

Stationary

Mobile

By Type:

Physically Assistive Robots

Socially Assistive Robots

Mixed Assistive Robots

By Application:

Surgery Assistance

Handicap Assistance

Elderly Assistance

Public Relation

Industrial

Companionship

Defence

Others

By Region:

North America

U.S.

Canada

Europe

UK

Germany

France

Spain

Italy

ROE

Asia Pacific

China

India

Japan

Australia

South Korea

RoAPAC

Latin America

Brazil

Mexico

Rest of the World

Furthermore, years considered for the study are as follows:

Historical year - 2017, 2018

Base year - 2019

Forecast period - 2020 to 2027

Target Audience of the Global Assistive Robotics Market in Market Study:

Key Consulting Companies & Advisors

Large, medium-sized, and small enterprises

Venture capitalists

Value-Added Resellers (VARs)

Third-party knowledge providers

Investment bankers

Investors

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Executive Summary

  • 1.1. Market Snapshot
  • 1.2. Global & Segmental Market Estimates & Forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
    • 1.2.1. Assistive Robotics Market, by Region, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
    • 1.2.2. Assistive Robotics Market, by Mobility, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
    • 1.2.3. Assistive Robotics Market, by Type, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
    • 1.2.4. Assistive Robotics Market, by Application, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • 1.3. Key Trends
  • 1.4. Estimation Methodology
  • 1.5. Research Assumption

Chapter 2. Global Assistive Robotics Market Definition and Scope

  • 2.1. Objective of the Study
  • 2.2. Market Definition & Scope
    • 2.2.1. Scope of the Study
    • 2.2.2. Industry Evolution
  • 2.3. Years Considered for the Study
  • 2.4. Currency Conversion Rates

Chapter 3. Global Assistive Robotics Market Dynamics

  • 3.1. Assistive Robotics Market Impact Analysis (2018-2027)
    • 3.1.1. Market Drivers
    • 3.1.2. Market Challenges
    • 3.1.3. Market Opportunities

Chapter 4. Global Assistive Robotics Market Industry Analysis

  • 4.1. Porter's 5 Force Model
    • 4.1.1. Bargaining Power of Suppliers
    • 4.1.2. Bargaining Power of Buyers
    • 4.1.3. Threat of New Entrants
    • 4.1.4. Threat of Substitutes
    • 4.1.5. Competitive Rivalry
    • 4.1.6. Futuristic Approach to Porter's 5 Force Model (2017-2027)
  • 4.2. PEST Analysis
    • 4.2.1. Political
    • 4.2.2. Economical
    • 4.2.3. Social
    • 4.2.4. Technological
  • 4.3. Investment Adoption Model
  • 4.4. Analyst Recommendation & Conclusion

Chapter 5. Global Assistive Robotics Market, by Mobility

  • 5.1. Market Snapshot
  • 5.2. Global Assistive Robotics Market by Mobility, Performance - Potential Analysis
  • 5.3. Global Assistive Robotics Market Estimates & Forecasts by Mobility 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • 5.4. Assistive Robotics Market, Sub Segment Analysis
    • 5.4.1. Stationary
    • 5.4.2. Mobile

Chapter 6. Global Assistive Robotics Market, by Type

  • 6.1. Market Snapshot
  • 6.2. Global Assistive Robotics Market by Type, Performance - Potential Analysis
  • 6.3. Global Assistive Robotics Market Estimates & Forecasts by Type 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • 6.4. Assistive Robotics Market, Sub Segment Analysis
    • 6.4.1. Physically Assistive Robots
    • 6.4.2. Socially Assistive Robots
    • 6.4.3. Mixed Assistive Robots

Chapter 7. Global Assistive Robotics Market, by Application

  • 7.1. Market Snapshot
  • 7.2. Global Assistive Robotics Market by Application, Performance - Potential Analysis
  • 7.3. Global Assistive Robotics Market Estimates & Forecasts by Application 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • 7.4. Assistive Robotics Market, Sub Segment Analysis
    • 7.4.1. Surgery Assistance
    • 7.4.2. Handicap Assistance
    • 7.4.3. Elderly Assistance
    • 7.4.4. Public Relation
    • 7.4.5. Industrial
    • 7.4.6. Companionship
    • 7.4.7. Defence
    • 7.4.8. Others

Chapter 8. Global Assistive Robotics Market, Regional Analysis

  • 8.1. Assistive Robotics Market, Regional Market Snapshot
  • 8.2. North America Assistive Robotics Market
    • 8.2.1. U.S. Assistive Robotics Market
      • 8.2.1.1. Mobility breakdown estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027
      • 8.2.1.2. Type breakdown estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027
      • 8.2.1.3. Application breakdown estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027
    • 8.2.2. Canada Assistive Robotics Market
  • 8.3. Europe Assistive Robotics Market Snapshot
    • 8.3.1. U.K. Assistive Robotics Market
    • 8.3.2. Germany Assistive Robotics Market
    • 8.3.3. France Assistive Robotics Market
    • 8.3.4. Spain Assistive Robotics Market
    • 8.3.5. Italy Assistive Robotics Market
    • 8.3.6. Rest of Europe Assistive Robotics Market
  • 8.4. Asia-Pacific Assistive Robotics Market Snapshot
    • 8.4.1. China Assistive Robotics Market
    • 8.4.2. India Assistive Robotics Market
    • 8.4.3. Japan Assistive Robotics Market
    • 8.4.4. Australia Assistive Robotics Market
    • 8.4.5. South Korea Assistive Robotics Market
    • 8.4.6. Rest of Asia Pacific Assistive Robotics Market
  • 8.5. Latin America Assistive Robotics Market Snapshot
    • 8.5.1. Brazil Assistive Robotics Market
    • 8.5.2. Mexico Assistive Robotics Market
  • 8.6. Rest of The World Assistive Robotics Market

Chapter 9. Competitive Intelligence

  • 9.1. Top Market Strategies
  • 9.2. Company Profiles
    • 9.2.1. Kinova Robotics
      • 9.2.1.1. Key Information
      • 9.2.1.2. Overview
      • 9.2.1.3. Financial (Subject to Data Availability)
      • 9.2.1.4. Mobility Summary
      • 9.2.1.5. Recent Developments
    • 9.2.2. Focal Meditech
    • 9.2.3. Softbank Robotics
    • 9.2.4. Cyberdyne
    • 9.2.5. Intuitive Surgical
    • 9.2.6. EKSO Bionics
    • 9.2.7. Ubtech Robotics
    • 9.2.8. Barrett Technology
    • 9.2.9. Rewalk Robotics
    • 9.2.10. Hyundai

Chapter 10. Research Process

  • 10.1. Research Process
    • 10.1.1. Data Mining
    • 10.1.2. Analysis
    • 10.1.3. Market Estimation
    • 10.1.4. Validation
    • 10.1.5. Publishing
  • 10.2. Research Attributes
  • 10.3. Research Assumption

LIST OF TABLES

  • TABLE 1. Global Assistive Robotics market, report scope
  • TABLE 2. Global Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by region 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 3. Global Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by Mobility 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 4. Global Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by Type 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 5. Global Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by Application 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 6. Global Assistive Robotics market by segment, estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 7. Global Assistive Robotics market by region, estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 8. Global Assistive Robotics market by segment, estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 9. Global Assistive Robotics market by region, estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 10. Global Assistive Robotics market by segment, estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 11. Global Assistive Robotics market by region, estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 12. Global Assistive Robotics market by segment, estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 13. Global Assistive Robotics market by region, estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 14. Global Assistive Robotics market by segment, estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 15. Global Assistive Robotics market by region, estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 16. Global Assistive Robotics market by segment, estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 17. Global Assistive Robotics market by region, estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 18. Global Assistive Robotics market by segment, estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 19. Global Assistive Robotics market by region, estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 20. Global Assistive Robotics market by segment, estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 21. Global Assistive Robotics market by region, estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 22. U.S. Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 23. U.S. Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 24. U.S. Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 25. Canada Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 26. Canada Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 27. Canada Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 28. UK Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 29. UK Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 30. UK Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 31. Germany Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 32. Germany Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 33. Germany Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 34. France Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 35. France Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 36. France Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 37. Spain Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 38. Spain Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 39. Spain Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 40. Italy Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 41. Italy Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 42. Italy Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 43. ROE Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 44. ROE Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 45. ROE Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 46. China Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 47. China Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 48. China Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 49. India Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 50. India Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 51. India Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 52. Japan Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 53. Japan Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 54. Japan Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 55. Australia Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 56. Australia Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 57. Australia Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 58. South Korea Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 59. South Korea Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 60. South Korea Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 61. ROPAC Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 62. ROPAC Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 63. ROPAC Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 64. Brazil Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 65. Brazil Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 66. Brazil Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 67. Mexico Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 68. Mexico Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 69. Mexico Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 70. ROLA Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 71. ROLA Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 72. ROLA Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 73. ROW Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts, 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 74. ROW Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 75. ROW Assistive Robotics market estimates & forecasts by segment 2017-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 76. List of secondary sources, used in the study of global Assistive Robotics market
  • TABLE 77. List of primary sources, used in the study of global Assistive Robotics market
  • TABLE 78. Years considered for the study
  • TABLE 79. Exchange rates considered

LIST OF FIGURES

  • FIG 1. Global Assistive Robotics market, research methodology
  • FIG 2. Global Assistive Robotics market, market estimation techniques
  • FIG 3. Global market size estimates & forecast methods
  • FIG 4. Global Assistive Robotics market, key trends 2019
  • FIG 5. Global Assistive Robotics market, growth prospects 2020-2027
  • FIG 6. Global Assistive Robotics market, porters 5 force model
  • FIG 7. Global Assistive Robotics market, pest analysis
  • FIG 8. Global Assistive Robotics market, value chain analysis
  • FIG 9. Global Assistive Robotics market by segment, 2017 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 10. Global Assistive Robotics market by segment, 2017 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 11. Global Assistive Robotics market by segment, 2017 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 12. Global Assistive Robotics market by segment, 2017 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 13. Global Assistive Robotics market by segment, 2017 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 14. Global Assistive Robotics market by segment, 2017 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 15. Global Assistive Robotics market by segment, 2017 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 16. Global Assistive Robotics market by segment, 2017 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 17. Global Assistive Robotics market, regional snapshot 2017 & 2027
  • FIG 18. North America Assistive Robotics market 2017 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 19. Europe Assistive Robotics market 2017 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 20. Asia Pacific Assistive Robotics market 2017 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 21. Latin America Assistive Robotics market 2017 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 22. Global Assistive Robotics market, company market share analysis (2019)