國家風險評估報告 - 印度
India Country Risk Report Q2 2020
|出版商||Fitch Solutions, Inc.||商品編碼||203079|
|出版日期||內容資訊||英文 79 Pages
|國家風險評估報告 - 印度 India Country Risk Report Q2 2020|
|出版日期: 2020年02月21日||內容資訊: 英文 79 Pages||
India's real GDP growth slowed further to 4.5% y-o-y in Q2 of FY2019/20 (April-March), from 5.0% y-o-y in the first quarter, mainly owing to a collapse in investment
growth, which outweighed soft recoveries in private and government consumption. In light of a softer than expected first half, in addition to a weak growth outlook
over H2 FY2019/20, we have revised our FY2019/20 full year growth forecast to 5.1%, down from 6.4% previously. We expect continued economic weakness to
be owing to weak private consumption growth as well as weak gross fixed capital formation growth. That said, we expect robust government consumption growth
and an improving net export contribution (owing to a sharper fall in imports growth than exports) to prop up growth over the second half of the fiscal year.
The RBI held its benchmark repurchase (repo) and reverse repo during its December 5 monetary policy meeting at 5.15% and 4.90%, respectively. We continue to
forecast the RBI's repo and reverse repo rate to fall by 40bps to 4.75% and 4.50%, respectively, by the end of FY2020/21 (April-March), with risks to our policy rate
forecasts weighted to the downside. Rising inflationary pressures would constrain the central bank's ability to ease further to stimulate growth over the near term,
given its mandate to keep inflation below 6.0%. However, we believe that the RBI will eventually prioritise growth in this cycle, given the transitory nature of high
food inflation, and ease further in 2020 following more clarity around fiscal support from the FY2020/21 (April-March) Union Budget due in February 2020.
We have revised our forecast for India's central fiscal deficit to come in at 3.6% of GDP in FY2019/20 (April-March), from 3.4% previously, reflecting our view for a
larger slippage versus the government's 3.3% target. We believe that this will mainly be due to weak revenue collection as a result of sluggish economic growth
and the government's sweeping corporate tax cut in September amid no intention to reduce fiscal spending.
We continue to expect the Indian rupee to remain on a long-term weakening trajectory against the US dollar, and average INR73.00/USD in 2020 and INR75.00/
USD in 2021 (revised from INR74.00/USD and INR76.00/USD respectively). Over the short term, a narrowing nominal interest differential with the US and worsening
terms of trade will weigh on the rupee. The central bank's focus on growth will likely also see it favour a weaker rupee to support export competitiveness. Over the
longer term, we expect the rupee's overvaluation and structurally higher inflation relative to the US to exert downside pressure on the currency.