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市場調查報告書

新冠病毒傳染病 (COVID-19):細胞治療,診斷,治療,以及疫苗

COVID-19 Pipelines - Cell Therapies, Diagnostics, Treatments, & Vaccines

出版商 BIOINFORMANT WORLDWIDE, LLC 商品編碼 940594
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 269 Pages
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新冠病毒傳染病 (COVID-19):細胞治療,診斷,治療,以及疫苗 COVID-19 Pipelines - Cell Therapies, Diagnostics, Treatments, & Vaccines
出版日期: 2020年06月08日內容資訊: 英文 269 Pages
簡介

此報告針對新冠病毒傳染病(COVID-19)進行研究,提供以下資訊,包括全球統計,資金以及專利,臨床試驗,疫苗/藥物以及醫療相關用品的市場分析,正面及負面影響,主要研究機關以及企業簡介等機關ビ企業簡介等。

目次

第1章 報告概述

  • 聲明事項
  • 重點摘要
  • 簡介

第2章 COVID-19:結構/傳染/複製/症狀

  • 當初如何發生
    • 結構
    • 棘狀蛋白 (spike protein)及□結構
    • RNA複製□ (RNA-dependent RNA polymerase)的細節
    • 病毒的病毒蛋白□的晶體結構
    • 病毒的棘狀蛋白結構
    • 病患抗體及病毒棘狀蛋白的結合
    • 人蛋白質複合物(CUL2ZYG11B)的潛在結合點
    • 冠狀病毒與人體細胞標靶蛋白質的結合
    • 病毒迅速蔓延的原因
  • 症狀
  • 進展
  • 潛伏期
  • 患病期間
  • 致死率
    • 各年齡的致死率(CFR)
    • 既有的健康問題導致的致死率
    • 各國及全球的致死率
  • 傳染的模式
  • 臨床症狀管理

第3章 COVID-19:全球統計

  • 全球確診案例數量顯著增加
    • 患者死亡數量急增
    • 2020年5月21日 目前按地區劃分的確診數量
    • 2020年5月21日 目前按地區劃分的死者數量
    • 中國恢復正常
    • 中國的死亡數量
  • 最受影響的關鍵五國
    • 美國
    • 英國
    • 義大利
    • 法國
    • 西班牙
  • COVID-19以及其他疾病:死亡人數的比較
  • COVID-19病例的流行與衰退
  • 非洲免於爆發性傳染
  • 各國所實施的臨床檢查數量
  • 新冠病毒感染症狀檢查次數多的國家:主要4國

第4章 COVID-19:研究資金

  • WHO的貢獻
    • 突發事件援助基金
  • 美國國立衛生研究院(NIH)提供研究資金
  • 美國刺激景氣法案提供研究資金

第5章 COVID-19:發表的科學論文

  • 類別:發表論文
  • 著名的期刊文章

第6章 可能與COVID-19有關的SARS/MERS專利

  • SARS/MERS專利類型
  • 專利中描述的主要蛋白質及病毒感染中的角色
  • 與主要蛋白質標靶相關的專利以及潛在的候選藥物
  • 具備潛在用途的既有藥物專利
  • 跟小分子候選藥物有關的各種專利
    • 可能對主要蛋白質帶來影響的化合物
    • 透過結構相似性而運用在治療的小分子
  • 與SARS/MERS相關的生物製劑專利分佈
    • SARS抗體專利
  • 與SARS/MERS相關的疫苗專利分佈
  • 與SARS/MERS相關的RNAi專利分佈

第7章 COVID-19:臨床試驗格局

  • 各國/各地區
  • 研究類型
    • 進行中的臨床試驗干預類型
  • 開發階段
    • 資金類型
  • 進行中的臨床試驗之未來展望

第8章 COVID-19:醫療業界中的正面/負面影響

  • 負面影響
    • COVID-19的全球大爆發導致大規模臨床試驗中斷
    • 臨床試驗中斷增加15倍
    • 受到威脅的臨床試驗具體案例
    • 導致資料解析延遲
    • III期患者不足
    • 最成功的關鍵性試驗
    • 對近期大規模開發的臨床試驗帶來威脅
    • 對各種手續的負面影響
    • 心血管公司的影響
    • 延遲採購
    • Biotech Flotations失速
    • 對製藥業界的經濟損害
  • 正面影響
    • 一些合作的巨大機會
    • COVID-19市場的主導者
    • COVID-19事件推高股價
    • COVID-19相關的股票贏家

第9章 COVID-19:開發中的藥物

  • 第一種進入市場的藥物
    • 藥物範圍
    • 在有限時間內製造藥物的困難
    • 瑞德西韋的仿製藥
    • 獲得COVID-19藥物的疑慮
  • FDA的CTAP加速COVID-19藥物開發
    • 快照:CTAP的活動

第10章 COVID-19:新疫苗治療

  • 開發中的蛋白質副單位疫苗
  • RNA基礎疫苗
  • 非複製病毒載體疫苗
  • 開發中的DNA疫苗
  • 開發中的不活化病毒疫苗
  • 開發中的類病毒粒子疫苗
  • 最近的疫苗開發
  • 追加的COVID-19疫苗專案
  • CEPI募集疫苗基金
  • 為了開發病毒疫苗的臨床試驗費用
  • 病毒疫苗產生收入的一般模式
  • 最近的疫苗合作
  • 全球規模的疫苗製造企業
  • COVID-19疫苗的大型製藥公司

第11章 COVID-19:開發的抗體療法

第12章 COVID-19:開發的抗病毒藥物

  • COVID-19抗病毒治療開發的推算成本
  • Gilead的競爭
  • 瑞德西韋:最早投入市場
    • 希望的提示來自瑞德西韋的成果
    • 瑞德西韋的中期數據
    • 瑞德西韋的販售預測
  • 瑞德西韋ソ構造
    • 瑞德西韋的作用機理
  • 追加的COVID-19治療專案

第13章 COVID-19:再利用的候選藥物

第14章 COVID-19:開發中基於細胞的療法

  • COVID-19 基於幹細胞的臨床試驗概述
    • NCT04313322 (Stem Cells Arabia)
    • NCT04366063 (Royan Institute)
    • NCT04252118 (Beijing 302 Hospital)
    • NCT04346368 (Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Disease)
    • NCT04331613 (Chinese Academy of Sciences)
    • NCT04390139 (Banc de Sang i Teixits)
    • NCT04355728 (Camillo Ricordi)
    • NCT04299152 (Tianhe Stem Cell Biotechnologies, Inc)
    • NCT04269525 (ZhiYong Peng)
    • NCT04390152 (BioXcellerator)
    • NCT04362189 (Hope Biosciences)
    • NCT04371393 (Icahn School of Medicine/Mesoblast, Inc)
    • NCT04365101 (Celularity Incorporated)
    • NCT04367077 (Athersys, Inc)
    • NCT04365101(Celularity Incorporated)
    • NCT04367077(Athersys,Inc)
  • MSC:使用於COVID-19最適合的細胞

    第15章 COVID-19:開發的醫療設備

    • 人工呼吸器爭奪戰
    • 人工呼吸器不足

    第16章 COVID-19:商業診斷

    • PCR檢測(病毒RNA檢測)
    • 血清檢查(抗體檢查)
    • 抗原檢測
    • 最初的COVID-19抗原檢測
    • 居家用COVID-19樣本收集套件
    • COVID-19主要10家診斷公司
    • 大量的測試選項

    第17章 市場分析

    • 全球COVID-19疫苗市場
    • COVID-19的抗病毒藥物全球市場
    • COVID-19的診斷測試全球市場
      • 各技術的COVID-19測試套件全球市場
    • 個人防護設備(PPE)市場
    • 可解決的救護醫療設備市場估算
    • 其他COVID-19相關醫療用品的全球市場
      • 各素材類型的口罩市佔率
      • 各類型的手指消毒劑全球市佔率
    • 全球的COVID-19治療市場

    第18章 COVID-19:細胞療法企業

    • Aspire Health Science
    • Athersys, Inc.
    • AlloVir
    • Bonus BioGroup, Ltd.
    • Caladrius Biosciences
    • Capricor Therapeutics
    • Celularity
    • Celltex Therapeutics Corporation
    • Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
    • Cynata Therapeutics
    • FibroGenesis
    • GC LabCell
    • Global Institute of Stem Cell Therapy and Research (GIOSTAR)
    • Healios KK
    • Hope Biosciences
    • Kimera Labs, Inc.
    • Lattice Biologics, Ltd.
    • Lineage Cell Therapeutics, Inc.
    • Mesoblast, Ltd.
    • NantKwest, Inc.
    • Orbsen Therapeutics
    • Organicell
    • Pluristem Therapeutics,Inc.
    • Tianhe Stem Cell Biotechnologies, Inc.
    • The Cure Alliance
    • Vitro Biopharma

    第19章 COVID-19:支援臨床試驗的其他企業/組織

    • AlloVirシBaylor College of Medicine
    • Biostar Stem Cell Research Institute
    • CAR-T (Shanghai) Biotechnology, Co., Ltd
    • Orgenesis基於細胞的疫苗
    • Peking University
    • REVTEM的COVID-19 I期 / II期
    • University of Miami:COVID-19 研究專案
    • Wuhan Hamilton Biotechnology

    附錄

    • 附錄1:大流行病歷史
    • 附錄2:國家:全球對大流行病的準備
    • 附錄3:社交距離背後的數學
    • 附錄4:最近COVID-19的相關新聞概述

    圖表索引

    • 社交距離以及最後疾病罹患率

    表格索引

    • 歷史上大流行病的時間表
    • 大流行病再度罹患數量
    • 全球健康安全指數得分
目錄

This comprehensive report provides coverage of the rapidly evolving pandemic, with an emphasis on the emerging role of cell therapies in the prevention and management of the COVID-19.

While there is not yet an approved treatment for COVID-19, the scientific, medical and regulatory agencies are making heroic efforts to bring out new medicines. Numerous COVID-19 product categories have emerged, including vaccines, antibodies, antivirals, repurposed drugs, RNA-based drugs, and cell-based therapies, as well as other approaches, such as enzymes, peptides and glycoproteins. This report explores each of these product development categories in detail, presenting the products under development and timelines for them to come to market. Special attention is given to the critical role of cell-based therapies in management of the global pandemic.

Thousands of scientific articles have been published electronically or in print since the outbreak of COVID-19 began in late 2019. Patent activity around COVID-19 is surging, with many companies securing intellectual property (IP) related to the development of COVID-19 therapeutics. To a lesser degree, companies are securing IP around vaccines, diagnostic agents, and methods. This report reveals rates of COVID-19 scientific publications and presents a global breakdown of COVID-19 patent activity that includes patent type, sponsoring organization, and method of action.

Furthermore, new diagnostic tests for COVID-19 are emerging as an essential tool to track the spread of the disease, as the World Health Organization (WHO) is urging health agencies worldwide to make testing for the virus a top priority. As of May 20, 2020, the FDA granted Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for 58 viral RNA-based tests, ten antibody-based tests, one antigen-based test and one home collection kit.

To accelerate the development of therapies against COVID-19, the repurposing of existing drugs is being explored by numerous market competitors. For example, Barcitinib is being explored because of its anti-inflammatory effect and possible ability to reduce viral entry. A specific dose of the anti-HIV combination, Lopinavir-Nitonavir, is now in clinical trials with Arbidol or Ribavirin. Remdesivir, developed by Gilead Sciences, was earlier tested in patients with Ebola virus and has shown promise in animal models for MERS and SARS. Remdesivir has reached Phase III in the U.S. and China.

Favipiravir, a purine nucleoside leading to inaccurate viral RNA synthesis, was previously developed by Toyama Chemical of Japan, and has now been approved for a clinical trial as a drug for the treatment of COVID-19. Chloroquine has shown itself to be effective in treating COVID-19 in China. Dozens of companies are rushing vaccine development and proceeding toward clinical trials. As select examples, the U.S. NIH initiated a Phase I trial in Seattle evaluating an investigational vaccine (mRNA-1273) created by NIAID scientists and their collaborators at Moderna, Inc. Sanofi and Regeneron launched a Phase II/II trial in New York evaluating the IL-6 targeted Kevzara. Inovio Pharmaceuticals is advancing its vaccine into human trials within the U.S. and intends to produce one million doses of it by the end of the year.

Globally, the healthcare industry is using every weapon in its armory to suppress the threat from the virus, including the use of living therapies such as natural killer (NK) cells, T-cells, stem cells and exosomes. While many novel approaches are being investigated, stem cells - mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in particular - are showing intriguing potential for the treatment of COVID-19.

MSCs are receiving attention because past studies have found the secretions from MSCs to be effective at treating inflammation and cytokine storms. From early-stage studies, it appears that MSC may exert beneficial effects, potentially by improving the lung microenvironment, inhibiting immune system over-activation, promoting tissue repair, protecting lung alveoli epithelial cells, preventing pulmonary fibrosis, or improving lung function.

Already, Athersys, Inc. has reported positive outcomes in other studies using MSCs for treating respiratory disease, and Mesoblast's Remestemcel-L has proved to be effective in treating advanced respiratory distress. Athersys and Mesoblast are enrolling for 300 and 400 patient trials, respectively - two of the largest stem cell trials to date against COVID-19. In total, at least 26 companies are exploring cell therapy products against COVID-19 and its complications.

In the recent months, there has been a flurry of activity within the clinical trial sector. When all trial types are considered, there are over 400 studies exploring approaches to diagnosing, treating or preventing COVID-19. ClinicalTrials.gov has also reported at least 15 trials leveraging stem cells against COVID-19.

COVID-19 Market Trends

The aim of this report is to gather existing research on COVID-19, reveal key insights and position the reader to identify emerging market opportunities related to the Coronavirus pandemic. It provides comprehensive coverage of the outbreak, highlights global competitors involved in the fight against COVID-19, and presents product development pipelines, diagnostic testing approaches, vaccine development programs, regulatory approvals, and importantly, trend rate data for COVID-19 scientific publications, patents, and clinical trials on a worldwide basis.

With the rapidly developing nature of this global pandemic, you don't have the time to do the research. Claim this global strategic report to become immediately informed, without sacrificing hours of unnecessary research or lacking awareness of critical COVID-19 events.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. REPORT OVERVIEW

  • 1.1. Statement of the Report
  • 1.2. Executive Summary
  • 1.3. Introduction

2. CORONAVIRUS: STRUCTURE, INFECTION, REPLICATION, SYMPTOMS

  • 2.1. Start of the Outbreak
    • 2.1.1. Structure of COVID-19
    • 2.1.2. Structure of COVID-19's Spike Protein and Enzymes
    • 2.1.3. The Details of COVID-19's RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp)
    • 2.1.4. Crystal Structure of COVID-19 Virus's Protease Enzyme
    • 2.1.5. Structure of COVID-19 virus's Spike Protein
    • 2.1.6. The Binding of a Patients Antibody with COVID-19 Virus's Spike Protein
    • 2.1.7. Potential Binding Sites of Human Protein Complex (CUL2ZYG11B)
    • 2.1.8. The Binding of Coronavirus to Target Protein on Human Cell
    • 2.1.9. The Cause of COVID-19 Virus's Rapid Spread
  • 2.2. The Symptoms of COVID-19
  • 2.3. Progression of COVID-19
  • 2.4. The Incubation Period for COVID-19
  • 2.5. Duration of the Disease
  • 2.6. Case Fatality Rate
    • 2.6.1. CFR for COVID-19 by Age
    • 2.6.2. CFR for COVID-19 by Pre-Existing Health Issues
    • 2.6.3. Case Fatality Rate for Select Countries and the World
  • 2.7. Modes of COVID-19 Transmission
  • 2.8. Clinical Case Management

3. GLOBAL STATISTICS ON COVID-19

  • 3.1. The Steady Increase in Global Number of Confirmed Cases
    • 3.1.1. Steep Increase in COVID-19 Deaths
    • 3.1.2. Number of COVID-19 Confirmed Cases by Geography as of May 21, 2020
    • 3.1.3. Number of COVID-19 Deaths by Geography as of May 21, 2020
    • 3.1.4. China Returning to Normalcy
    • 3.1.5. COVID-19 Deaths in China
  • 3.2. Top Five Most Affected Countries
    • 3.2.1. COVID-19 in the U.S.
      • 3.2.1.1. COVID-19 Deaths in the U.S.
    • 3.2.2. COVID-19 Confirmed Cases in U.K.
      • 3.2.2.1. COVID-19 Deaths in U.K.
    • 3.2.3. COVID-19 Confirmed Cases in Italy
      • 3.2.3.1. COVID-19 Deaths in Italy
    • 3.2.4. COVID-19 Confirmed Cases in France
      • 3.2.4.1. COVID-19 Deaths in France
    • 3.2.5. COVID-19 Confirmed Cases in Spain
  • 3.3. COVID-19 Deaths Compared with Deaths Due to Other Diseases
  • 3.4. The Ebb and Flow of COVID-19 Cases
  • 3.5. Africa Spared the Worst of the Pandemic
  • 3.6. Number of Laboratory Tests Conducted by Select Countries
  • 3.7. Top Four Countries with Number of COVID-Tests

4. FUNDING FOR COVID-19 RESEARCH

  • 4.1. Contributions to WHO for COVID-19 Appeal
    • 4.1.1. Contingency Fund for Emergencies
  • 4.2. National Institutes of Health (NIH) Funding for COVID-19 Research
  • 4.3. Funding for COVID-19 Research from U.S. Stimulus Bill

5. PUBLISHED SCIENTIFIC PAPERS ON COVID-19

  • 5.1. Published Papers by Category
  • 5.2. Notable Journal Articles

6. PATENTS OF SARS AND MERS WITH POSSIBLE RELEVANCE TO COVID-19

  • 6.1. Types of SARS and MERS Patents
  • 6.2. Key Proteins Described in the Patents and their Roles in Viral Infection
  • 6.3. Patents and Potential Drug Candidates Related to Key Protein Targets
  • 6.4. Patents of Existing Drugs with Potential Applications for COVID-19
  • 6.5. Selected Patents Related to Small Molecule Drug Candidates
    • 6.5.1. Compounds with Potential Effects on Key Proteins of COVID-19
    • 6.5.2. Small Molecules Identified by Structure Similarity and Therapeutic Usage
  • 6.6. Distributions of Biologics Patents Related to SARS and MERS
    • 6.6.1. Patents of SARS Antibodies
  • 6.7. Distribution of Patents of Vaccines Related to SARS/MERS
  • 6.8. Distribution of RNAi Patents related to SARS/MERS

7. CLINICAL TRIALS LANDSCAPE FOR COVID-19

  • 7.1. COVID-19 Clinical Trials by Country/Region
  • 7.2. Clinical Trials by Study Type
    • 7.2.1. Types of Interventions in the Ongoing COVID-19 Clinical Trials
      • 7.2.1.1. Proposed Pharmacological Interventions in COVID-19 Clinical Trials
      • 7.2.1.2. ATMPs under Investigation in COVID-19 Trials
  • 7.3. COVID-19 Clinical Trials by Stage of Development
    • 7.3.4. COVID-19 Clinical Trials by Funding Type
      • 7.3.4.1. Industry-Sponsored Clinical Trials against COVID-19
  • 7.4. Upcoming Readouts from Ongoing COVID-19 Clinical Trials

8. COVID-19'S NEGATIVE/POSIVE IMPACTS ON HEALTHCARE INDUSTRY

  • 8.1. Negative Impacts
    • 8.1.1. Disruption of Big Clinical Trials by COVID-19 Pandemic
    • 8.1.2. 15-Fold Increase in Clinical Trial Suspensions
    • 8.1.3. Specific Examples of Clinical Trials Threatened by COVID-19
    • 8.1.4. Delayed Readouts due to COVID-19
    • 8.1.5. Shortages of Patients for Phase III due to COVID-19
    • 8.1.6. Most Hit Pivotal Trials
    • 8.1.7. Threat to Trials of Near-Term Blockbusters
    • 8.1.8. COVID-19's Deleterious Effects on Elective Procedures
    • 8.1.9. COVID-19 Infected Cardiovascular Companies
    • 8.1.10. Delayed Acquisitions due to COVID-19
    • 8.1.11. Stalling of Biotech Flotations by COVID-19
    • 8.1.12. Financial Damages to the Pharmaceutical Industry due to COVID-19
  • 8.2. Positive Impacts
    • 8.2.1. Sizeable Opportunities for Some Collaborations
    • 8.2.2. COVID-19 Market Movers
    • 8.2.3. COVID-19 Events that Pushed the Share Prices up
      • 8.2.3.1. Johnson & Johnson
      • 8.2.3.2. Gilead Sciences
      • 8.2.3.3. Roche
      • 8.2.3.4. Sanofi
      • 8.2.3.5. BioNTech
      • 8.2.3.6. Moderna
      • 8.2.3.7. Vir Biotechnology
      • 8.2.3.8. Takeda
      • 8.2.3.9. CytoDyn
    • 8.2.4. COVID-19-Related Stock Risers

9. MEDICINES IN DEVELOPMENT FOR COVID-19

  • 9.1. The First Medicine to Reach the Market
    • 9.1.1. Spectrum of Drugs
    • 9.1.2. Difficulties in Making a Drug in Time
      • 9.1.2.1. Bargain Search
      • 9.1.2.2. Three Stages in Development
      • 9.1.2.3. Massive Demand
    • 9.1.3. Generic for Remdesivir
    • 9.1.4. Concern about Access to COVID-19 Medicine
  • 9.2. FDA's CTAP to Accelerate COVID-19 Drug Development
    • 9.2.1. CTAP's Activities in a Snapshot

10. EMERGING VACCINE TREATMENTS FOR COVID-19

  • 10.1. Protein Sub-Unit Vaccines in Development against COVID-19
  • 10.2. RNA-Based Vaccines
  • 10.3. Non-Replicating Viral Vector Vaccines
  • 10.4. DNA Vaccines in Development for COVID-19
  • 10.5. Inactivated Virus Vaccines in Development for COVID-19
  • 10.6. Virus-like Particle Vaccines in Development for COVID-19
  • 10.7. The Nearest Vaccine
  • 10.8. Additional COVID-19 Vaccine Projects
  • 10.9. CEPI's Call for Vaccine Fund
  • 10.10. Clinical Trial Costs for Developing a Viral Vaccine
  • 10.11. The Usual Pattern of Revenue Generation by Viral Vaccines
    • 10.11.1. Historical Sales of Vaccines for Previous Pandemics
    • 10.11.2. Historic Sales of H1N1 Influenza Vaccines
  • 10.12. Recent Vaccine Collaborations
  • 10.13. Companies Capable of Producing Vaccines on a Global Scale
  • 10.14. Big Pharma in COVID-19 Vaccines

11. ANTIBODY THERAPIES IN DEVELOPMENT FOR COVID-19

12. ANTIVIRAL DRUGS IN DEVELOPMENT FOR COVID-19

  • 12.1. Estimated Cost of COVID-19 Antiviral Therapeutic Development
  • 12.2. A Competitor for Gilead
  • 12.3. Remdesivir: The First to Reach the Market
    • 12.3.1. Hints of a Hope from Remdesivir Results
    • 12.3.2. Interim Data for Remdesivir
    • 12.3.3. Sales Forecast for Remdesivir
  • 12.4. Structure of Remdesivir
    • 12.4.1. Mechanism of Action of Remdesivir
  • 12.5. Additional COVID-19 Therapeutic Projects

13. REPURPOSED DRUG CANDIDATES AGAINST COVID-19

14. CELL-BASED THERAPIES IN DEVELOPMENT FOR COVID-19

  • 14.1. Brief Descriptions of Stem Cell-Based Clinical Trials for COVID-19
    • 14.1.1. NCT04313322 (Stem Cells Arabia)
    • 14.1.2. NCT04366063 (Royan Institute)
    • 14.1.3. NCT04252118 (Beijing 302 Hospital)
    • 14.1.4. NCT04346368 (Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Disease)
    • 14.1.5. NCT04331613 (Chinese Academy of Sciences)
    • 14.1.6. NCT04390139 (Banc de Sang i Teixits)
    • 14.1.7. NCT04355728 (Camillo Ricordi)
    • 14.1.8. NCT04299152 (Tianhe Stem Cell Biotechnologies, Inc)
    • 14.1.9. NCT04269525 (ZhiYong Peng)
    • 14.1.10. NCT04390152 (BioXcellerator)
    • 14.1.12. NCT04362189 (Hope Biosciences)
    • 14.1.13. NCT04371393 (Icahn School of Medicine/Mesoblast, Inc)
    • 14.1.14. NCT04365101 (Celularity Incorporated)
    • 14.1.15. NCT04367077 (Athersys, Inc)
  • 14.2. MSCs: The Most Suitable Cells to be used Against COVID-19

15. MEDICAL DEVICES IN DEVELOPMENT FOR COVID-19

  • 15.1. The Scramble for Mechanical Ventilators
  • 15.2. Ventilator Shortages

16. COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE DIAGNOSTICS FOR COVID-19

  • 16.1. PCR Tests (Viral RNA Tests)
  • 16.2. Serology Tests (Antibody Tests)
  • 16.3. Antigen Tests
    • 16.3.1. Number of EUAs Granted to Viral RNA Tests and Antibody Tests
    • 16.3.2. Specific Issues with Antibody Tests
    • 16.3.3. Roche's Antibody Test: Maximum Sensitivity and Specificity
  • 16.4. The First COVID-19 Antigen Test
  • 16.5. At-Home COVID-19 Sample Collection Kit
  • 16.6. Top Ten COVID-19 Diagnostic Companies
  • 16.7. The Deluge of Testing Options

17. MARKET ANALYSIS

  • 17.1. Global COVID-19 Vaccine Market
  • 17.2. Global Market for Antiviral Drugs against COVID-19
  • 17.3. Global Market for Diagnostic Tests for COVID-19
    • 17.3.1. Global Market for COVID-19 Testing Kits by Technology
  • 17.4. COVID-19 Addressable Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) Market
  • 17.5. Estimated COVID-19 Addressable Critical Care Device Market
  • 17.6. Global Market for "Other" COVID-19-Related Medical Supplies
    • 17.6.1. Market Shares of Face Masks by Type of Material
    • 17.6.2. Global Market Share for Hand Sanitizers by Type
  • 17.7. Global COVID-19 Treatment Market

18. CELL THERAPY COMPANIES JOINING FORCES AGAINST COVID-19

  • 18.1. Aspire Health Science
    • 18.1.1. Filing of Investigational New Drug
    • 18.1.2. ACT-20
  • 18.2. Athersys, Inc.
    • 18.2.1. MultiStem
    • 18.2.2. MultiStem for COVID-19
    • 18.2.3. MACOVIA Study
  • 18.3. AlloVir
    • 18.3.1. Technology
  • 18.4. Bonus BioGroup, Ltd.
    • 18.4.1. MesenCure
  • 18.5. Caladrius Biosciences
    • 18.5.1. CLBS12
    • 18.5.2. CLBS14
    • 18.5.3. CLBS16
    • 18.5.4. CLBS119 for COVID-19
    • 18.5.5. CLBS03
  • 18.6. Capricor Therapeutics
    • 18.6.1. CAP-1002
    • 18.6.2. Exosomes
    • 18.6.3. CAP-1002 for COVID-19
  • 18.7. Celularity
    • 18.7.1. IMPACT Platform
    • 18.7.2. Collaboration with United Therapeutics
  • 18.8. Celltex Therapeutics Corporation
    • 18.8.1. FDA Approval Sought
  • 18.9. Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
    • 18.9.1. License Agreement with Novellus, Inc.
  • 18.10. Cynata Therapeutics
    • 18.10.1. Cynata and COVID-19
  • 18.11. FibroGenesis
    • 18.11.1. PneumoBlast
    • 18.11.2. Patent for COVID-19 Induced ARDS
  • 18.12. GC LabCell
  • 18.13. Global Institute of Stem Cell Therapy and Research (GIOSTAR)
    • 18.13.1. FDA Approval for COVID-19 Trial
  • 18.14. Healios KK
    • 18.14.1. New Treatment for ARDS
  • 18.15. Hope Biosciences
    • 18.15.1. Stem Cell Banking for Newborns
    • 18.15.2. Stem Cell Banking for Adults
    • 18.15.3. FDA Clearance for Phase II Trial of COVID-19
  • 18.16. Kimera Labs, Inc.
    • 18.16.1. Products
      • 18.16.1.1. Exosomes: A Possible Therapy for COVID-19
  • 18.17. Lattice Biologics, Ltd.
    • 18.17.1. Products
    • 18.17.2. Clinical Trial
  • 18.18. Lineage Cell Therapeutics, Inc.
    • 18.18.1. Cell Therapy Programs
      • 18.18.1.1. OpRegen
      • 18.18.1.2. OPC1
      • 18.18.1.3. VAC2
      • 18.18.1.4. COVID-19 Vaccine Development
  • 18.19. Mesoblast, Ltd.
    • 18.19.1. Remestemcel-L
    • 18.19.2. Phase II/III Trial of Remestemcel-L
  • 18.20. NantKwest, Inc.
    • 18.20.1. NantKwest and ImmunityBio against COVID-19
  • 18.21. Orbsen Therapeutics
    • 18.21.1. Orbsen's ORBCEL for COVID-19
  • 18.22. Organicell
    • 18.22.1. Organicell Flow
    • 18.22.2. Organicell Flow for COVID-19
  • 18.23. Pluristem Therapeutics, Inc.
    • 18.23.1. Pluristem's Drug Development Alliance against COVID-19
  • 18.24. Tianhe Stem Cell Biotechnologies, Inc.
  • 18.25. The Cure Alliance
    • 18.25.1. Cure Alliance's Alliance with University of Miami against COVID-19
  • 18.26. Vitro Biopharma
    • 18.26.1. Cell Therapy for COVID-19

19. OTHER COMPANIES/INSTITUTIONS SPONSORING TRIALS FOR COVID-19

  • 19.1. AlloVir and Baylor College of Medicine
  • 19.2. Biostar Stem Cell Research Institute
  • 19.3. CAR-T (Shanghai) Biotechnology, Co., Ltd
  • 19.4. Orgenesis' Cell-Based Vaccine
  • 19.5. Peking University
  • 19.6. REMSTEM's Phase I/IIa for COVID-19
  • 19.7. University of Miami-COVID-19 Research Programs
  • 19.8. Wuhan Hamilton Biotechnology

APPENDIX

  • Appendix 1: History of Pandemics
  • Appendix 1.1: A Timeline of Historical Pandemics
  • Appendix 1.2: Importing Disease
  • Appendix 1.3: Tracking Infectiousness
  • Appendix 1.4: Urbanization and Spread of Pandemics
  • Appendix 2: Global Pandemic Preparedness by Country
  • Appendix 3: The Math behind Social Distancing
  • Appendix 3.1: Effectiveness of Social Distancing
  • Appendix 4: Recent COVID-19 News in Brief
  • Appendix 4.1: Multiple Clinical Trials Test NO Gas for COVID-19
  • Appendix 4.2: U.S. Signed a Huge COVID-19 Drug Contract with Start-Up
  • Appendix 4.3: Cursory Glance at First COVID-19 Vaccine Data
  • Appendix 4.4: CEPI Grants $384 Million to Novavax's COVID-19 Vaccine
  • Appendix 4.5: Adenoviral Vector Vaccines are the Front-Runners against COVID-19
  • Appendix 4.6: The Most Effective Masks for COVID-19
  • Appendix 4.7: FDA Approval for CRISPR-Based COVID-19 Diagnostic
  • Appendix 4.8: The Antiviral EIDD-2801 to Aim at COVID-19
  • Appendix 4.9: A Loose Alliance of Competitors against COVID-19
  • Appendix 4.10: About 69 Repurposed Drugs Can Block the Replication of COVID-19
  • Appendix 4.11: Lonza to make 1 Billion Doses of Gilead's Remdesivir
  • Appendix 4.12: Merck KGaA to Ramp up Viral Vaccine Manufacturing
  • Appendix 4.13: DuPont, FeDEx and U.S. Government Teamed Up for PPE
  • Appendix 4.14: Fujifilm Tests Favipiravir against COVID-19
  • Appendix 4.15: Resolution to Produce I Million Swabs per Week
  • Appendix 4.16: BioNTech is in the Race for Vaccine

INDEX OF FIGURES

  • FIGURE 2.1: Diagrammatic Cross Sectional View of COVID-19
  • FIGURE 2.2: Structure of the Spike Protein and Enzymes of COVID-19
  • FIGURE 2.3: COVID-19 Virus's RdRp with nsp12 and nsp7
  • FIGURE 2.4: Schematic Representation of a Protease Dimer bound with two Inhibitors
  • FIGURE 2.5: The 3D Structure of the Spike Protein
  • FIGURE 2.6: The Antibody CR3022 Binding with the Spike Protein
  • FIGURE 2.7: Human Protein Complex Showing the Potential Binding Sites for the Virus
  • FIGURE 2.8: The Binding of Coronavirus to Target Protein on Human Cell
  • FIGURE 2.9: The Crystal Structure of the Enzyme ACE2
  • FIGURE 2.10: The Symptoms of COVID-19
  • FIGURE 2.11: CFR for COVID-19 in China over Time and Location
  • FIGURE 2.12: CFR for COVID-19 by Age
  • FIGURE 2.13: CFR for COVID-19 by Pre-Existing Health Issues
  • FIGURE 2.14: Case Fatality Rate for Select Countries and the World
  • FIGURE 3.1: The Steady Increase in Global Number of Confirmed Cases
  • FIGURE 3.2: Steep Increase in COVID-19 Deaths
  • FIGURE 3.3: Number of COVID-19 Confirmed Cases by Geography as of May 21, 2020
  • FIGURE 3.4: Number of COVID-19 Deaths by Geography as of May 21, 2020
  • FIGURE 3.5: Number of COVID-19 Confirmed Cases in China, Jan-22 to May-21, 2020
  • FIGURE 3.6: COVID-19 Deaths in China
  • FIGURE 3.7: COVID-19 in the U.S.
  • FIGURE 3.8: COVID-19 Deaths in the U.S.
  • FIGURE 3.9: COVID-19 Confirmed Cases in U.K.
  • FIGURE 3.10: COVID-19 Deaths in U.K.
  • FIGURE 3.11: COVID-19 Confirmed Cases in Italy
  • FIGURE 3.12: COVID-19 Deaths in Italy
  • FIGURE 3.13: COVID-19 Confirmed Cases in France
  • FIGURE 3.14: COVID-19 Deaths in France
  • FIGURE 3.15: COVID-19 Confirmed Cases in Spain
  • FIGURE 3.16: Number of COVID-19 Confirmed Cases in Africa
  • FIGURE 3.17: Top Four Countries in COVID-19 Testing
  • FIGURE 4.1: WHO's Estimated Fund to be raised in Response to COVID-19
  • FIGURE 5.1: Number of COVID-19-Related Scientific Papers
  • FIGURE 6.1: Distribution of Patents Related to SARS and MERS
  • FIGURE 6.2: Distributions of Biologics Patents Related to SARS and MERS
  • FIGURE 6.3: Distribution of Patents of Vaccines Related to SARS/MERS
  • FIGURE 7.1: Percent Share of Clinical Trials for COVID-19 by Region
  • FIGURE 7.2: Number of Clinical Trials for COVID-19 by Study Type
  • FIGURE 7.3: Percent Shares of Interventional Types in COVID-19 Clinical Trials
  • FIGURE 7.4: COVID-19 Clinical Trials by Stage of Development
  • FIGURE 7.5: COVID-19 Clinical Studies by Funding Type
  • FIGURE 8.1: Clinical Trial Terminations/Withdrawals/Suspensions
  • FIGURE 8.2: Biotech IPOs by quarter
  • FIGURE 8.3: Market Cap Gain and Loss by Size Bracket between Q4 2019 and Q1 2020
  • FIGURE 8.4: Key COVID-19 Market Movers as of April 1, 2020
  • FIGURE 9.1: Percent Share of Emerging Treatments and Vaccines for COVID-19
  • FIGURE 10.1: Percent Share of Different Types of Vaccines in Development
  • FIGURE 10.2: Pattern of Revenue Generation by Flu Vaccine of GlaxoSmithKline
  • FIGURE 10.3: Historic Sales of H5N1 Vaccines
  • FIGURE 10.4: Historic Sales of H1N1 Influenza Vaccines
  • FIGURE 10.5: World's Biggest Vaccine Makers and their Vaccine Sales
  • FIGURE 12.1: Sales of Roche's Antiviral Tamiflu
  • FIGURE 12.2: Consensus Sales Forecast for Remdesivir
  • FIGURE 12.3: Structure of Remdesivir
  • FIGURE 12.4: Mechanism of Action of Remdesivir
  • FIGURE 16.1: EUAs Granted to COVID-19 Tests
  • FIGURE 16.2: EUA for Antigen Test and Home Test Kits
  • FIGURE 17.1: Estimated Global Market for COVID-19 Vaccines, 2020-2027
  • FIGURE 17.2: Global Market for COVID-19 Drugs, 2020-2027
  • FIGURE 17.3: Global Market for COVID-19 Testing Kits by Geography, 2020-2027
  • FIGURE 17.4: Global Market for COVID-19 Testing Kits by Technology, 2020-2027
  • FIGURE 17.5: COVID-19 Impacted Market for PPE Products, 2020-2027
  • FIGURE 17.6: Estimated COVID-19 Addressable Critical Care Device Market, 2020-2027
  • FIGURE 17.7: Global Market for Face Masks, 2020-2027
  • FIGURE 17.8: Market Shares of Face Masks by Type of Material
  • FIGURE 17.9: Global Market Share for Hand Sanitizers by Type
  • FIGURE 17.10: Global Market for COVID-19 Treatment, 2020-2027
  • FIGURE 18.1: Tianhe's Stem Cell Educator Therapy
  • FIGURE App. 3.1: Social Distancing and Final Illness Attacking Rate

INDEX OF TABLES

  • TABLE 3.1: Total Confirmed Cases and Deaths from January 21 to May 21
  • TABLE 3.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 3.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 3.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 3.2: Average Death per day due to Various Diseases
  • TABLE 3.3: Countries with Confirmed New Cases Decreasing/Increasing as of May 12
  • TABLE 3.4: Number of COVID-19 Confirmed Cases in Africa
  • TABLE 3.5: COVID-19 Tests Performed per 1,000 people by Select Country
  • TABLE 3.5: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 3.6: Top Four Countries in COVID-19 Testing
  • TABLE 4.1: Contributions to WHO for COVID-19 as of May 20, 2020
  • TABLE 4.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 4.2: CFE's Allocations in 2020
  • TABLE 4.3: NIH Funding for COVID-19 Research as of May 27, 2020
  • TABLE 4.3: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 4.3: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 4.3: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 4.3: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 4.4: COVID-19 Research Fund through CARES Act in the U.S.
  • TABLE 5.1: Number of Published Papers by Category as of May 24, 2024
  • TABLE 5.2: Notable Journal Articles
  • TABLE 6.1: Key Proteins and their Roles in Viral Infection
  • TABLE 6.2: Patents and Potential Drug Candidates Related to Key Protein Targets
  • TABLE 6.3: Existing Drugs with Potential Applications for COVID-19
  • TABLE 6.4: Selected Patents Related to Small Molecule Drug Candidates
  • TABLE 6.5: Select Small Molecule Compounds in R&D to Treat COVID-19
  • TABLE 6.6: Small Molecules Identified by Structure Similarity and Therapeutic Usage
  • TABLE 6.7: Patents on Developing Therapeutic Antibodies against SARS
  • TABLE 6.7: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 6.7: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 6.7: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 6.8: Distribution of RNAi Patents related to SARS/MERS
  • TABLE 6.8: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 6.8: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 7.1: Number of Clinical Trials for COVID-19 by Country/Region
  • TABLE 7.2: Number of Clinical Trials for COVID-19 by Study Type
  • TABLE 7.3: Drugs used as Pharmacological Interventions in COVID-19 Trials
  • TABLE 7.3: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 7.4: COVID-19 Clinical Trials by Stage of Development
  • TABLE 7.5: COVID-19 Clinical Studies by Funding Type
  • TABLE 7.6: Commercial Projects in Clinical Trials for COVID-19
  • TABLE 7.6: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 7.6: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 7.6: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 7.7: Upcoming Readouts from Ongoing COVID-19 Clinical Trials
  • TABLE 8.1: The Ten Most Affected Biotechs Due to COVID-19 Crisis
  • TABLE 8.2: Clinical Trial Terminations/Withdrawals/Suspensions
  • TABLE 8.3: Valuable R&D Assets under Threat of Delay Due to COVID-19
  • TABLE 8.4: Commercially Sponsored Pivotal Trials due to Readout by the end of 2020
  • TABLE 8.5: Phase III Trials facing Shortages of Patients due to COVID-19
  • TABLE 8.6: The Biggest Phase III Trials that are still searching for Patients
  • TABLE 8.7: Threat to Trials of Near-Term Blockbusters
  • TABLE 8.8: COVID-19 Infected Orthopedic Companies
  • TABLE 8.9: COVID-19-Infected Cardiovascular Firms
  • TABLE 8.10: Select Pending Acquisitions in Healthcare
  • TABLE 8.10: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 8.11: Select COVID-19 Deals and Collaborations
  • TABLE 8.11: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 8.12: Key COVID-19 Market Movers as of April 1, 2020
  • TABLE 8.13: COVID-19-Related Stock Risers
  • TABLE 9.1: Current Count on Emerging Treatments and Vaccines for COVID-19
  • TABLE 10.1: Types of Vaccines in Development
  • TABLE 10.1: Protein Sub-Unit Vaccines in Development against COVID-19
  • TABLE 10.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 10.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 10.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 10.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 10.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 10.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 10.2: RNA-Based Vaccines in Development for COVID-19
  • TABLE 10.2: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 10.2: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 10.2: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 10.3: Non-Replicating Viral Vector Vaccines in Development for COVID-19
  • TABLE 10.3: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 10.3: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 10.3: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 10.4: DNA Vaccines in Development for COVID-19
  • TABLE 10.4: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 10.5: Inactivated Virus Vaccines in Development for COVID-19
  • TABLE 10.6: Virus-like Particle Vaccines in Development for COVID-19
  • TABLE 10.6: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 10.7: Additional COVID-19 Vaccine Projects
  • TABLE 10.8: Cepi's Call for Funding
  • TABLE 10.9: Estimated Cost of Select Pandemic Clinical Programs
  • TABLE 10.10: Most Recent Collaborations in Vaccine Sector
  • TABLE 10.11: Select COVID-19 Vaccines with Big Pharma Involvement
  • TABLE 11.1: Antibody Drugs in Development for COVID-19
  • TABLE 11.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 11.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 11.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 11.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 11.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 11.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 11.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 11.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 11.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 11.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 12.1: Antiviral Drugs in Development for COVID-19
  • TABLE 12.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 12.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 12.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 12.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 12.2: Estimated Cost of COVID-19 Clinical Program (Remdesivir)
  • TABLE 12.3: Comparison of Remdesivir's Three Datasets
  • TABLE 12.4: Interim Data from Gilead's Trial (NCT04292899)
  • TABLE 12.5: Additional COVID-19 Therapeutic Projects
  • TABLE 13.1: Repurposed Drugs in Development for COVID-19
  • TABLE 13.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 13.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 13.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 14.1: Cell-Based Therapies in Development for COVID-19
  • TABLE 14.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 14.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 14.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 15.1: Medical Devices in Development for COVID-19
  • TABLE 15.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 15.2: Select Makers of Modifiable Devices Eligible for EUAs
  • TABLE 15.3: Number of FDA-Approved Ventilators between 2014 and 2020
  • TABLE 16.1: Accuracy Figures for Select COVID-19 Antibody Tests
  • TABLE 16.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 16.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 16.2: Accuracy Figures for Top Eight COVID-19 Antibody Tests
  • TABLE 16.3: Top Ten COVID-19 Diagnostic Companies
  • TABLE 16.4: Commercially Available COVID-19 Diagnostic Tests
  • TABLE 16.4: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 16.4: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 16.4: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 16.4: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 16.4: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 16.4: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 16.4: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 16.4: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 16.4: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 16.4: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 16.4: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 16.4: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 16.4: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 16.4: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 16.4: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 16.4: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE 17.1: Estimated Global Market for COVID-19 Vaccines, 2020-2027
  • TABLE 17.2: Global Market for COVID-19 Drugs, 2020-2027
  • TABLE 17.3: Global Market for COVID-19 Testing Kits by Geography, 2020-2027
  • TABLE 17.4: Global Market for COVID-19 Testing Kits by Technology, 2020-2027
  • TABLE 17.5: COVID-19 Impacted Market for PPE Products, 2020-2027
  • TABLE 17.6: Estimated COVID-19 Addressable Critical Care Device Market, 2020-2027
  • TABLE 17.7: Global Market for "Other" COVID-19-Related Medical Supplies, 2020-2027
  • TABLE 17.8: Global Market for COVID-19 Treatment, 2020-2027
  • TABLE App. 1.1: A Timeline of Historical Pandemics
  • TABLE App. 1.1: (CONTINUED)
  • TABLE: App. 1.2: Ro Number of Pandemics
  • TABLE App. 2.1: Global Health Security Index Score
  • TABLE App. 2.1: (CONTINUED)