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市場調查報告書

全球氣化設備市場

Global Markets for Gasifiers

出版商 BCC Research 商品編碼 268627
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 276 Pages
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全球氣化設備市場 Global Markets for Gasifiers
出版日期: 2016年11月09日 內容資訊: 英文 276 Pages
簡介

全球氣化設備市場出貨台數,預計從2016年的887台以年複合成長率5.0%成長,2021年達到1,088台。

本報告提供全球氣化設備市場相關調查分析,包含成果資料、預測、5年CAGR的世界市場趨勢分析,各氣化技術類型分析,原料分析,政府的支援機制分析,市場抑制因素分析,各地區的分析及主要企業簡介等彙整的結果,為您概述為以下內容。

第1章 簡介

第2章 摘要

第3章 氣化設備技術概要

  • 氣化設備市場結構
  • 氣化設備的種類
    • 固定台氣化設備
    • 流體化床氣化設備
    • 噴流床氣化設備
    • 等離子式氣化設備
  • 有功能性特徵的設計特性
  • 氣化系統的結構要素
  • 氣化設備的物理特徵
  • 氣化+直接還原鐵
  • 企業獨自的氣化技術
  • 提供氣化設備市場獨有技術的供應商

第4章 氣化設備的應用及市場趨勢

  • 氣化設備的應用
    • 煤炭
    • 生質能源
    • 生物質液化(BTL)
    • 廢棄物處理
    • 醫療廢棄物
  • 氣化設備的成本分析
  • 氣化設備市場全球的趨勢

第5章 氣化設備技術的專利分析

第6章 全球氣化設備市場預測

第7章 北美的氣化設備市場

  • 北美的氣化設備市場預測
    • 美國市場
    • 加拿大市場

第8章 西歐的氣化設備市場預測

  • 影響市場的法律規章
  • 財政的獎勵
  • 西歐的氣化設備市場
    • 新氣化設備市場預測:各應用市場區隔
    • 累積氣化設備市場預測:各應用領域

第9章 環太平洋地區的氣化設備市場

  • 中國
  • 日本
  • 菲律賓
  • 環太平洋地區的氣化設備市場

第10章 東南亞的氣化設備市場

  • 東南亞的能源市場
  • 印尼的煤炭市場
  • 東南亞的天然氣市場
  • 東南亞的生物質市場
  • 東南亞的氣化設備市場預測

第11章 南西亞的氣化設備市場

  • 印度
  • 孟加拉
  • 緬甸
  • 巴基斯坦
  • 斯里蘭卡
  • 南西亞的氣化設備市場預測

第12章 東歐,俄羅斯,土耳其及中東的氣化設備市場

  • 東歐的能源市場
  • 東歐,俄羅斯,土耳其及中東的氣化設備市場預測

第13章 南半球的氣化設備市場

  • 澳洲
  • 紐西蘭
  • 非洲
  • 南美及加勒比海各國
  • 南半球的氣化設備市場預測

第14章 氣化設備相關企業

圖表清單

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目錄
Product Code: EGY106B

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

The global market for new gasifiers is expected to reach 1088 units by 2021 from 887 units in 2016, rising at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.0% from 2015 through 2021.

This report provides:

  • An exploration of the global markets for gasifiers
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2015, estimates for 2016, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2021
  • A breakdown of the types of gasifier technologies, including fixed-bed, fluidized-bed, entrained-flow, and plasma
  • Examinations of feedstocks, such as fossil fuel (coal, petcoke, and residuals), wood, forestry products, waste and waste wood, seed hulls, nut shells, organic refuse, and others (oil palm plantation waste, corn cobs and stover, coconut husks)
  • Examination of government support mechanisms, climate change policy impacts, and market expansion constraints, such as emissions, component costs, natural gas and shale gas prices, and land requirements for feedstocks
  • Profiles of major players in the industry

SCOPE OF REPORT

This report identifies, characterizes, describes and forecasts the markets for gasifiers on a global and regional basis. Attention is given to national/state incentives, international agreements, regulatory regimes and political policies that foster, hinder or avoid the implementation of gasifiers.

Forecasts are provided to estimate the robustness of the gasifier markets in their different size ranges, feedstocks and applications over time, covering the period of 2015 through 2021.

This report provides market data under geographic segmentation as well as technology segmentation. Estimated values provided where available are based on manufacturers' total revenues.

The report divides the global market into seven regions as follows:

  • North America: Canada, Mexico and the U.S.
  • Western Europe (both EU and non-EU countries).
  • Pacific Rim: China, Japan, Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan.
  • Southeast Asia: Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
  • Southwest Asia: India, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
  • Eastern Europe and the Middle East.
  • Southern Hemisphere: Australia, New Zealand, Africa, South America and the Caribbean.

Each region is unique in terms of feedstock availability and growth in gross domestic product (GDP). The gasifier market for each segment is analyzed in individual chapters.

Under technology segmentation, the report divides the global market into eight technology applications:

  • Coal to energy (CTE).
  • Coal to liquids (CTL).
  • Biomass to energy (BTE).
  • Biomass to liquids (BTL).
  • Direct reduced iron (DRI) melting.
  • Pet coke (includes refinery residuals).
  • Waste to energy (WTE).
  • Plasma gasifiers.

The status of technology development for each application is reviewed. The efficiencies possible under gasification and other competing technologies available in the specific markets determine the end cost to users.

Gasifiers have become a mainstream product in a broad range of applications, which include central power stations, waste treatment, industrial chemicals production, on-site small industrial operations, district cogeneration, residences in rural economically poor areas and more. They are becoming an essential part of the energy conversion landscape and are already a multibillion-dollar-a-year diversified industry on a strong growth path globally.

ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS

Vijay Subramanian has a Ph.D. in Materials Science from the University of Cincinnati, and extensive experience in the field of materials and their global markets. He worked for more than a decade in the automotive industry in the U.S., and later in India, and owns several U.S. patents. Dr. Subramanian has authored reports for BCC Research since 2012.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION

  • GASIFICATION
  • GASIFIERS
  • GASIFIER MANUFACTURERS
  • MARKET DRIVERS
    • ENERGY MARKETS
    • ECONOMICS
    • POLICY
  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
  • REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
  • INFORMATION SOURCES
  • METHODOLOGIES
  • SCOPE OF REPORT
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE
  • ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
  • DISCLAIMER

CHAPTER 2 - SUMMARY

  • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL MARKET FOR NEW GASIFIERS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
  • SUMMARY FIGURE: LOGARITHMIC-SCALE CUMULATIVE NUMBER OF GASIFIER UNITS INSTALLED WORLDWIDE, BY APPLICATION, 2013-2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)

CHAPTER 3 - OVERVIEW: GASIFIER TECHNOLOGIES

  • TABLE 1: ENERGY CHANGES INVOLVED IN GASIFICATION REACTIONS
  • GASIFIER MARKET STRUCTURE
    • TABLE 2: GASIFIER CAPACITY RANGES, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT
    • FIGURE 1 TECHNOLOGY ADVANCEMENTS IN THE EFFICIENCY OF GASIFIERS, 2000-2030 (%)
  • TYPES OF GASIFIERS
    • FIGURE 2: COMPARISON OF TOP THREE SOLID GASIFICATION PROCESSES
    • TABLE 3: COMPARISON OF SOLID GASIFICATION PROCESSES
    • FIXED BED GASIFIERS
    • FLUIDIZED BED GASIFIERS
    • ENTRAINED FLOW GASIFIERS
    • PLASMA GASIFIERS
      • TABLE 4: COMPARISON OF PLASMA GASIFIER TECHNOLOGIES, BY SUPPLIER COMPANY WORLDWIDE
  • FUNCTIONAL DISTINGUISHING DESIGN FEATURES
  • GASIFIER SYSTEM COMPONENTS
  • PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF GASIFIERS
  • GASIFICATION + DIRECT REDUCED IRON
  • COMPANY-SPECIFIC GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES
    • FIGURE 3: COMPARISON OF FOUR MAJOR GASIFIER MANUFACTURER DESIGNS
  • CONOCO PHILLIPS E-GAS
  • ECUST
  • GE ENERGY
  • HALDOR TOPSOE
    • TABLE 5: HALDOR TOPSOE SNG PROJECTS WORLDWIDE
  • HYDROTHERMAL LIQUEFACTION PROCESS
  • KELLOGG BROWN & ROOT TRANSPORT INTEGRATED GASIFICATION
  • MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES
  • PLASCO HORIZONTAL GASIFIERS
  • SASOL-LURGI (AIR LIQUIDE)
  • SHELL
  • SIEMENS FUEL GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 6: SELECTED SIEMENS FUEL GASIFIER PROJECTS WORLDWIDE
  • SYNTHESIS ENERGY SYSTEMS U-GAS
  • THYSSENKRUPP-PRENFLO AND HTW
  • THERMAL POWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE/HUANENG CLEAN ENERY RSEARCH INSTITUTE
  • TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY PROCESS
  • WINKLER GASIFIER
  • SUPPLIERS THAT OFFER SPECIFIC TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE GASIFIER MARKETS
    • SAINT-GOBAIN
    • AIR LIQUIDE
      • FIGURE 4: PROJECTS IN WHICH AIR LIQUIDE SUPPLIED THE OXYGEN, 2009-2015

CHAPTER 4 - GASIFIER APPLICATIONS AND MARKET TRENDS

  • FIGURE 5: COMPARISON OF NEW POWER GENERATION CAPACITY INSTALLED IN THE UNITED STATES, BY POWER SOURCE, 1950-2015 (GW)
  • GASIFICATION APPLICATIONS
    • COAL APPLICATIONS
      • Coal to Energy - Utility-Scale Gasification
      • Impact of Shale Gas on the Market for Gasifiers
        • FIGURE 6: MAP OF WORLD SHALE GAS AND SHALE OIL DEPOSITS
      • Coal Markets Worldwide
        • FIGURE 7: MAJOR WORLD COAL PRODUCTION
      • Underground Coal Gasification
      • Coal-to-Liquid Gasifiers
      • Coal Export and Import Data
        • TABLE 7: GLOBAL COAL EXPORTS, BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2014KKKK ($ MILLIONS)
        • TABLE 8: GLOBAL COAL IMPORTS, BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014KKKK ($ MILLIONS)
      • Pet Coke (Including Refinery Residuals)
    • BIOMASS APPLICATIONS
      • Biomass to Energy
        • TABLE 9: ESTIMATION OF FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE GROWING SUPPLY OF BIOMASS MATERIALS FOR THE ENERGY MARKETS, THROUGH 2050
        • FIGURE 8: COMPOSITION OF BIOMASS MATERIALS COMPARED WITH COAL (%)
      • Two Greatest Advantages of Biomass Gasifiers
      • Cost Comparisons
        • TABLE 10: TYPICAL CAPITAL COSTS AND LEVELIZED COST OF ELECTRICITY PRODUCED FROM BIOMASS, BY VARIOUS TECHNOLOGIES, 2014KKKK (USD/KW)
        • TABLE 11: CAPEX, OPERATING COSTS AND LEVELIZED COST OF ELECTRICITY PRODUCED FROM BIOMASS IN VARIOUS COUNTRIES, BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2014KKKK
        • FIGURE 9: LEVELIZED COST OF ELECTRICITY POSSIBLE USING VARIOUS GREEN TECHNOLOGIES, 2014KKKK-2025KKKK ($/KWH)
        • TABLE 12: BIOMASS GASIFIER SIZES AND COST COMPARISON, 2007
        • FIGURE 10: BIOMASS USAGE IN INDUSTRY, ENERGY AND TRANSPORTATION SEGMENTS, BY COUNTRY (PJ GENERATED PER YEAR)
        • TABLE 13: LARGEST BIOMASS GASIFICATION PLANTS IN THE WORLD AND THEIR PRODUCTION CAPACITIES, 2013
        • TABLE 14: LARGE BIOMASS GASIFICATION PLANTS THAT ARE OR PLANNED UNDER CONSTRUCTION
      • Case Study - Ankur Scientific
    • BIOMASS-TO-LIQUID APPLICATIONS
      • Costs of Biofuel Production
        • FIGURE 11: COST OF BIOFUEL LIPIDS, BY COUNTRY, 2007 ($/LITER)
        • TABLE 15: TOP 10 COUNTRIES WITH BIODIESEL PRODUCTION POTENTIAL, 2012KKKK
        • TABLE 16: GLOBAL BIODIESEL PRODUCTION, BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION LITERS)
        • TABLE 17: LARGEST BIODIESEL PLANTS IN THE WORLD (1,000 T/Y)
        • FIGURE 12: GLOBAL BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION, 2011-2021 (MILLION LITERS)
        • TABLE 18: LARGEST ETHANOL MILLS IN THE WORLD
        • FIGURE 13: GLOBAL GROWTH IN BIOMASS TREATMENT PLANT SIZES, BY PROVIDER AND TECHNOLOGY, 1970KKKK-2015 (TONNES PER DAY)
    • WASTE TREATMENT APPLICATIONS
      • Waste to Energy
        • TABLE 19: GLOBAL WASTE GENERATION, BY REGION, 2015 VS 2025KKKK
        • FIGURE 14: SHARES OF GLOBAL URBAN WASTE, BY DISPOSAL METHOD, 2012KKKK (%)
        • TABLE 20: SHARES OF URBAN WASTE TREATED USING WASTE-TO-ENERGY METHODS, BY COUNTRY, 2012KKKK (%)
        • TABLE 21: GLOBAL PROJECTED GROWTH OF WASTE TREATED USING WASTE-TO-ENERGY METHODS, BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2025KKKK (TONNES/DAY)
        • TABLE 22: PLANTS USING PLASMA GASIFICATION FOR WASTE TREATMENT WORLDWIDE
        • TABLE 23: EXAMPLE OF PLASMA GASIFIER MANUFACTURER REVENUE STREAMS AND TIMELINES PER UNIT INSTALLED, 2014KKKK
        • TABLE 24: LARGEST WASTE-TO-ENERGY GASIFICATION PLANTS WORLDWIDE
      • Case Study - Hitachi Zohen Inova
        • TABLE 25: HITACHI ZOHEN INOVA WASTE-TO-ENERGY PLANTS WORLDWIDE
    • MEDICAL WASTE APPLICATIONS
      • Case Study - Plantec Inc.
    • GASIFIER COST ANALYSIS
      • TABLE 26: COST ANALYSIS OF GASIFICATION PRODUCTS IN VARIOUS APPLICATION MARKETS, 2013-2016KKKK
    • GASIFIER MARKET TRENDS WORLDWIDE
      • FEEDSTOCK FLEXIBILITY
      • BIOMASS GASIFICATION
      • HYDROGEN ECONOMY - SMALLER/MORE WIDELY DISTRIBUTED UNITS
      • PLASMA GASIFICATION
      • CARBON DIOXIDE REDUCTION
      • COST REDUCTION
      • SHORTER DEVELOPMENT TIMELINE
        • FIGURE 15: GASIFIER TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT TIMESCALE

CHAPTER 5 - PATENT ANALYSIS OF GASIFIER TECHNOLOGIES

  • FIGURE 16: NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON GASIFIER TECHNOLOGIES SINCE 1976KKKK, BY SEARCH METHOD
  • PATENT ANALYSIS BY YEAR
    • FIGURE 17: NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON GASIFIER TECHNOLOGIES SINCE 1976KKKK, BY YEAR, FIRST METHOD
    • FIGURE 18: NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON GASIFIER TECHNOLOGIES SINCE 1976KKKK, BY YEAR, SECOND METHOD
  • CORE PATENTS ON GASIFIER TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 27: U.S. PATENTS SPECIFIC TO GASIFIER TECHNOLOGIES, 1976KKKK THROUGH FEBRUARY 2016KKKK
  • PATENT ANALYSIS BY COMPANY/INSTITUTION
    • TABLE 28: NUMBER OF U.S. GASIFIER PATENTS BY COMPANY/INSTITUTION, 1976KKKK THROUGH FEBRUARY 2016KKKK
    • FIGURE 19 NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON GASIFIERS, BY COMPANY, 1976KKKK THROUGH FEBRUARY 2016KKKK (%)
  • PATENT ANALYSIS BY REGION
    • TABLE 29: NUMBER OF U.S. GASIFIER PATENTS, BY ASSIGNEE COUNTRY, 1976KKKK THROUGH FEBRUARY 2016KKKK (NO./%)
    • FIGURE 20: NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON GASIFIERS BY ASSIGNEE COUNTRY, 1976KKKK THROUGH FEBRUARY 2016KKKK (%)
  • PATENT ANALYSIS BY TECHNOLOGY

CHAPTER 6 - WORLD GASIFIER MARKET FORECASTS

  • TABLE 30: LARGE ACTIVE GASIFICATION PLANTS WORLDWIDE, BY TYPE
  • TABLE 31: TOP 30 GLOBAL GASIFICATION PLANTS AND THEIR SIZES
  • TABLE 32: SYNGAS PRODUCTION CAPACITIES FOR GASIFIERS IN OPERATION AND UNDER CONSTRUCTION, GLOBAL COUNT, 2015 (GWTH)
  • GASIFIER APPLICATION MARKET
    • TABLE 33: GASIFIER SIZE RANGES, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT (MWTH)
    • TABLE 34: GLOBAL MARKET FOR NEW GASIFIERS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
    • FIGURE 21: ANNUAL GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY REGION, 2015-2021 (NO.)
    • TABLE 35: GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS WORLDWIDE, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (CUMULATIVE UNITS)
  • GASIFIER MARKETS BY REGION
    • NORTH AMERICA
    • SOUTH AMERICA
    • WESTERN EUROPE
    • MIDDLE EAST AND INDIA
    • CHINA
    • ASIA AND AUSTRALIA
  • EXPORT AND IMPORT DATA
    • GASIFIER EXPORT DATA
      • TABLE 36: GLOBAL EXPORTS OF GASIFIER SYSTEMS AND COMPONENTS, THROUGH 2014KKKK ($ THOUSANDS)
    • GASIFIER IMPORT DATA
      • TABLE 37: GLOBAL IMPORTS OF GASIFIER SYSTEMS AND COMPONENTS, THROUGH 2014KKKK ($ THOUSANDS)
    • MACHINERY EXPORT AND IMPORT DATA
      • TABLE 38: GLOBAL EXPORTS OF MACHINERY RELATED TO PROCESSES THAT INVOLVE HEATING, BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2014KKKK ($ MILLIONS)
      • TABLE 39: GLOBAL IMPORTS OF MACHINERY RELATED TO PROCESSES THAT INVOLVE HEATING, BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2014KKKK ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 7 - NORTH AMERICAN GASIFIER MARKETS

  • FORECAST FOR NORTH AMERICAN GASIFIER MARKETS
    • TABLE 40: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR NEW GASIFIERS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
    • TABLE 41: NORTH AMERICAN GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (CUMULATIVE UNITS)
    • U.S. GASIFIER MARKETS
      • Regulatory Issues in the U.S.
      • Financial Incentives to Install Gasifiers in the U.S.
        • TABLE 42: INDIVIDUAL U.S. STATES BIOMASS-TO-ENERGY INCENTIVES
      • Coal-Based Gasifiers in the U.S.
        • FIGURE 22: MAP OF U.S. COAL DEPOSITS, BY TYPE OF COAL
      • Pet Coke Gasifiers in the U.S.
      • Coal Gasification for DRI Melting in the U.S.
        • TABLE 43 U.S. IRON AND STEEL COMPANIES
      • BTE and BTL Gasifiers in the U.S.
        • FIGURE 23: MAP OF LOCATIONS OF FOREST PRODUCT FACILITIES IN THE U.S.
        • FIGURE 24: SOLID BIOMASS RESOURCES IN THE U.S., MAPPED BY COUNTY
        • TABLE 44: COST COMPARISON OF THERMAL ENERGY FROM COMMON U.S. BIOMASS FEEDSTOCKS
        • TABLE 45: BIOMASS FEEDSTOCK CHARACTERISTICS IN THE U.S.
        • FIGURE 25: BIOMASS-BASED POWER GENERATION IN THE U.S., 2006-2015 (TWH)
      • WTE Gasifiers in the U.S.
        • TABLE 46: MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE GASIFIERS IN THE U.S.
        • FIGURE 26: MAP OF STATES PROVIDING SUPPORT FOR WTE SYSTEMS, BY LEGISLATION
      • Plasma Gasifiers in the U.S.
      • Number of Gasifiers in the U.S.
        • TABLE 47: U.S. MARKET FOR NEW GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
      • Cumulative U.S. Gasifier Market Forecast by Application
        • TABLE 48: U.S. GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (CUMULATIVE UNITS)
        • TABLE 49: PARTIAL LIST OF EXISTING GASIFICATION PLANTS IN THE U.S.
        • TABLE 50: PROPOSED GASIFICATION PLANTS IN THE UNITED STATES, BY TYPE, AS OF MARCH 2016KKKK
        • TABLE 51: COSTS OF ACTIVE GASIFICATION PLANTS IN THE U.S.
    • CANADIAN GASIFIER MARKETS
      • TABLE 52: CANADIAN GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (CUMULATIVE UNITS)
      • TABLE 53: PARTIAL LIST OF EXISTING GASIFICATION PLANTS IN CANADA

CHAPTER 8 - WESTERN EUROPEAN GASIFIER MARKET FORECAST

  • LAWS AND REGULATIONS IMPACTING THE GASIFIER MARKETS IN WESTERN EUROPE
    • RES REGULATIONS
      • FIGURE 27: SHARES OF PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION SOURCES IN EUROPEAN UNION, 2010-2050 (%)
    • LANDFILL DIRECTIVE
  • FINANCIAL INCENTIVES FOR GASIFIERS IN WESTERN EUROPE
    • TABLE 54: BIOMASS FEED-IN TARIFFS IN WESTERN EUROPE, 2014KKKK (?/KWH)
  • GASIFIER MARKETS IN WESTERN EUROPE
    • TABLE 55: REFINING CAPACITY IN WESTERN EUROPE, BY COUNTRY, 2010-2014KKKK
    • TABLE 56: PARTIAL LIST OF GASIFICATION UNITS IN EUROPE, BY LOCATION, TYPE AND CAPACITY
    • WESTERN EUROPE MARKET FOR NEW GASIFIERS FORECAST BY APPLICATION SEGMENT
      • Biomass-to-Liquid Gasifier Market
        • FIGURE 28: BTL PROJECTS IN EUROPE AND THEIR STATUS, 2015
      • Waste to Energy
        • FIGURE 29: WASTE-TO-ENERGY PLANTS OPERATING IN EUROPE, 2013 (NO.)
        • TABLE 57: WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR NEW GASIFIERS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
    • WESTERN EUROPE CUMULATIVE GASIFIER MARKETS FORECAST BY APPLICATION
      • TABLE 58: WESTERN EUROPEAN GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (CUMULATIVE UNITS)

CHAPTER 9 - PACIFIC RIM GASIFIER MARKETS

  • CHINESE GASIFIER MARKETS
    • TABLE 59: LARGE ACTIVE GASIFICATION PLANTS IN CHINA, BY TYPE
    • TABLE 60: MAJOR GASIFICATION PLANTS IN CHINA UNDER DEVELOPMENT
    • TABLE 61: NUMBER OF MAJOR NON-POWER COAL GASIFICATION PROJECTS IN CHINA, BY SUPPLIER, AS OF 2013
  • CHINA GASIFIER MARKET FORECAST
    • FIGURE 30: DOMESTIC COAL PRODUCTION IN CHINA, 2000-2015 (BILLIONS OF TONNES)
    • TABLE 62: TOP 10 COAL PRODUCING COMPANIES IN CHINA, 2014KKKK (MILLION TONNES)
  • CHINA NEW GASIFIER MARKET FORECAST
    • TABLE 63: CHINESE MARKET FOR NEW GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
  • CHINA CUMULATIVE GASIFIER MARKET FORECAST
    • TABLE 64: CHINESE GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (CUMULATIVE UNITS)
  • JAPANESE GASIFIER MARKET
    • COAL GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN JAPAN
      • TABLE 65: JAPANESE COMPANIES AND THEIR GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES
      • TABLE 66: LARGE JAPANESE COMPANIES UTILIZING GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR PURPOSES OTHER THAN POWER PRODUCTION
      • FIGURE 31: GROWTH OF COAL IN POWER GENERATION MARKET IN JAPAN, 1973KKKK-2013 (KWH)
    • WASTE TO ENERGY BY GASIFICATION-JAPAN LEADS THE WORLD
      • FIGURE 32: NUMBER OF SLAGGING GASIFIERS FOR WASTE TREATMENT IN JAPAN, BY COMPANY
      • TABLE 67: PARTIAL LIST OF GASIFICATION UNITS IN JAPAN, BY TYPE AND CAPACITY
    • JAPAN GASIFIER MARKET FORECAST
      • TABLE 68: JAPANESE MARKET FOR NEW WTE GASIFIERS, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
    • CUMULATIVE JAPAN GASIFIER MARKET FORECAST
      • TABLE 69: JAPANESE GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (CUMULATIVE UNITS)
    • PHILIPPINES, SOUTH KOREA AND TAIWAN GASIFIER MARKETS
      • TABLE 70: SELECTED GASIFICATION PROJECTS IN SOUTH KOREA AND TAIWAN
    • PHILIPPINES GASIFIER MARKET
      • TABLE 71: PHILIPPINES BIOMASS GASIFICATION PROJECT CAPACITIES, 2015 (MW)
      • TABLE 72: PHILIPPINES ANNUAL CROP WASTE (MILLION TONNES)
  • SOUTH KOREA GASIFIER MARKETS
    • PACIFIC RIM COUNTRIES GASIFIER MARKET FORECASTS
      • TABLE 73: PACIFIC RIM MARKETS FOR NEW GASIFIERS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
      • TABLE 74: PACIFIC RIM GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (CUMULATIVE UNITS)

CHAPTER 10 - SOUTHEAST ASIAN GASIFIER MARKETS

  • TABLE 75: PARTIAL LIST OF LARGE GASIFICATION UNITS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA, BY TYPE AND CAPACITY
  • ENERGY MARKETS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA
    • TABLE 76: MAJOR ENERGY POLICIES AND TARGETS IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN COUNTRIES
    • INDONESIA
    • THAILAND
    • MALAYSIA
    • VIETNAM
    • CAMBODIA
    • LAOS
  • COAL MARKET IN INDONESIA
    • FIGURE 33: COAL PRODUCTION, DOMESTIC USE AND EXPORTS FROM INDONESIA, 2009-2019 (MILLION TONNES)
  • NATURAL GAS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA
    • FIGURE 34: APPLICATION MARKETS FOR LNG PRODUCED IN SOUTHEAST ASIA, 2013-2040 (BCM)
    • FIGURE 35: GAS AND OIL INFRASTRUCTURE IN MALAYSIA
  • BIOMASS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA
    • FIGURE 36: PERCENTAGE OF LANDMASS THAT IS FOREST OR AGRICULTURAL IN SOUTHEAST ASIA, BY COUNTRY (%)
  • INDONESIA
    • TABLE 77: POTENTIAL BIOFUEL LOCATIONS IN INDONESIA
  • THAILAND
    • TABLE 78: PARTIAL LIST OF BIOMASS GASIFIERS INSTALLED IN THAILAND, 2010 (KWH)
  • CAMBODIA
    • TABLE 79: PARTIAL LIST OF BIOMASS GASIFIERS INSTALLED IN CAMBODIA, 2010
  • VIETNAM
    • MALAYSIA
      • TABLE 80: BIOFUEL ENERGY POTENTIAL IN MALAYSIA
    • LAOS
    • SINGAPORE
  • SOUTHEAST ASIAN GASIFIER MARKET FORECASTS
    • TABLE 81: SOUTHEAST ASIAN MARKET FOR NEW GASIFIERS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
    • TABLE 82: SOUTHEAST ASIAN GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021. (CUMULATIVE UNITS)

CHAPTER 11 - GASIFIER MARKET IN SOUTHWEST ASIA

  • TABLE 83: PARTIAL LIST OF LARGE GASIFICATION UNITS IN SOUTHWEST ASIA, BY TYPE AND CAPACITY
  • INDIA
    • TABLE 84: POWER GENERATION CAPACITY IN INDIA, BY TYPE OF FUEL SOURCE, THROUGH 2040 (GW)
  • COAL IN INDIA
    • FIGURE 37: COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT CAPACITY IN INDIA, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2010-2040 (GW)
  • OIL AND NATURAL GAS
  • BIOFUELS
  • WASTE TO ENERGY
    • TABLE 85: INDIAN CITIES WITH MSW WASTE EXCEEDING 1,000 TONNES/DAY, 2015 (TONNES/DAY)
  • GASIFIER MARKET IN INDIA
    • TABLE 86: INDIAN GASIFIER MANUFACTURERS AND CONSULTING FIRMS
    • TABLE 87: STATE-WISE INSTALLED BIOMASS POWER GENERATION 2014KKKK CAPACITY AND 2022 TARGETS, IN INDIA (MW)
  • COST ANALYSIS OF THE INDIAN MARKET FOR BIOMASS GASIFIERS
    • TABLE 88: POTENTIAL FOR BIOMASS POWER IN INDIA AND COST OF FEEDSTOCK, BY REGION
    • Financial Incentives for Biomass Gasifiers
      • TABLE 89: BIOMASS POWER/COGENERATION PLANT SUPPLIERS ACTIVE IN INDIA
  • DRI APPLICATIONS OF GASIFIERS
  • HISTORY AND GROWTH OF GASIFIERS IN INDIA
    • TABLE 90 COMPANIES AND ORGANIZATIONS PROMOTING BIOMASS GASIFIERS IN INDIA AND EXAMPLES OF INSTALLATIONS
  • BANGLADESH
    • FIGURE 38: CONSUMPTION IN BANGALDESH, BY FUEL TYPE, 2013 AND 2014KKKK (MILLION TONNES OIL EQUIVALENT)
  • MYANMAR
    • FIGURE 39: SHARES OF MYANMAR ENERGY CONSUMPTION, BY POWER SOURCE, 2012KKKK-2030 (%)
  • PAKISTAN
    • FIGURE 40: CONSUMPTION IN PAKISTAN, BY FUEL TYPE, 2013 AND 2014KKKK (MTOE)
  • SRI LANKA
    • BIOMASS GASIFIERS IN SRI LANKA
      • TABLE 91: COMPANIES IN SRI LANKA WITH POTENTIAL FOR BIOMASS GASIFIER USE, 2013 (KW)
  • SOUTHWEST ASIA - GASIFIER MARKET FORECAST
    • TABLE 92: SOUTHWEST ASIA MARKET FOR NEW GASIFIERS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
    • TABLE 93: SOUTHWEST ASIA GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (CUMULATIVE UNITS)

CHAPTER 12 - EASTERN EUROPEAN, RUSSIAN AND MIDDLE EASTERN GASIFIER MARKETS

  • TABLE 94: LARGE GASIFICATION UNITS IN EASTERN EUROPE, RUSSIA AND THE MIDDLE EAST, 1952KKKK-2019
  • ENERGY MARKETS IN EASTERN EUROPE
    • TABLE 95: ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF VARIOUS COUNTRIES, BY POWER SOURCE, 2014KKKK (MTOE)
    • TABLE 96: REFINING CAPACITY IN EASTERN EUROPE AND RUSSIA, 2010-2014KKKK (THOUSANDS BBL/DAY)
    • TABLE 97: REFINING CAPACITY IN THE MIDDLE EAST, BY COUNTRY, 2010-2014KKKK (THOUSANDS BBL/DAY)
    • TABLE 98: BIOMASS FITS (FEED-IN TARIFFS) IN UKRAINE AND GREECE, 2014KKKK (?/KWH)
  • FORECASTS FOR GASIFIER MARKETS IN EASTERN EUROPE, RUSSIA AND THE MIDDLE EAST
    • TABLE 99: EASTERN EUROPE, RUSSIA AND THE MIDDLE EAST MARKET FOR NEW GASIFIERS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
    • TABLE 100: EASTERN EUROPE, RUSSIA AND THE MIDDLE EAST GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (CUMULATIVE UNITS)

CHAPTER 13 - GASIFIER MARKETS IN THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE

  • TABLE 101: LARGE GASIFICATION UNITS IN THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE, 1955KKKK-2019
  • AUSTRALIA
    • FIGURE 41: ENERGY DEPENDANCE IN AUSTRALIA, BY SOURCE, 2013 AND 2014KKKK (MTOE)
    • FIGURE 42: MAP OF COAL RESERVES IN AUSTRALIA
    • FIGURE 43: CTL PROJECTS IN AUSTRALIA AND CURRENT STATUS
    • FIGURE 44: LEVELIZED COST AND CAPEX FOR TRANSPORTATION FUELS IN AUSTRALIA, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014KKKK
  • NEW ZEALAND
  • AFRICA
    • FIGURE 45: AFRICAN ENERGY CONSUMPTION, BY COUNTRY AND SOURCE, 2014KKKK (MTOE)
  • LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN
    • FIGURE 46: SOUTH AMERICAN ENERGY CONSUMPTION, BY COUNTRY AND POWER SOURCE, 2014KKKK (MTOE)
    • FIGURE 47: TOP FIVE COUNTRIES IN BIOFUEL PRODUCTION, 2010-2014KKKK (MTOE)
  • FORECAST OF THE GASIFIER MARKETS IN THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE
    • TABLE 102: SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE MARKET FOR NEW GASIFIERS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
    • TABLE 103: SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (CUMULATIVE UNITS)

CHAPTER 14 - DIRECTORY OF COMPANIES ACTIVE IN THE GLOBAL GASIFIER MARKET

  • ABORIGINAL COGENERATION CORP.
  • ACCESS ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
  • ADAPTIVEARC INC.
  • ADVANCED PLASMA POWER LTD.
  • AESI LLC
  • AGILYX
  • AGRO POWER GASIFICATION PLANT PVT. LTD.
  • AIR LIQUIDE (LURGI)
  • AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS INC.
  • ALENTEC
  • ALL POWER LABS LLC
  • ALQIMI (FORMERLY ABSI)
  • ALSTOM
  • ALTER NRG CORP.
  • AMEC FOSTER WHEELER
  • AMEC FOSTER WHEELER - GLOBAL POWER GROUP
  • ANDRITZ AG
  • ANKUR SCIENTIFIC ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES PVT. LTD.
  • APPRO TECHNOLOGY
  • ARRYA HI-TECH ENERGY
  • ASSOCIATED ENGINEERING WORKS
  • BABCOCK & WILCOX VOLUND A/S
  • BALBOA PACIFIC CORP.
  • BELLWETHER GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
  • BENREG EUROPE GMBH
  • BIORESIDUE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY PVT. LTD.
  • BTG BIOLIQUIDS
  • CARECO (PVT.) LTD.
  • CHANDERPUR WORKS PVT. LTD.
  • CHANGZHENG ENGINEERING CO. LTD.
  • CHEMREC AB
  • CHINOOK SCIENCES LLC
  • CHO-POWER
  • CHONGQING FENGYU ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT CO. LTD.
  • CHOREN INDUSTRIETECHNIK GMBH
  • CLARIANT INTERNATIONAL
  • COMMUNITY POWER CORP.
  • CONCORD BLUE ENGINEERING GMBH
  • CONOCOPHILLIPS
  • CORE BIOFUEL
  • COREX (U.K.) LTD.
  • CORTUS ENERGY
  • COSMO POWERTECH PVT. LTD.
  • CREAPOR S.A.
  • CREATIVE ENERGY SYSTEMS
  • CYNAR PLC
  • DIVERSIFIED CONTRACTORS INC.
  • DKRW ADVANCED FUELS
  • DNV GL NOBLE DENTON
  • DPS GLOBAL
  • DUTEMP CORP.
  • DYNAMIS ENERGY
  • E. B. MECHANISM PVT. LTD.
  • EBARA CORP.
  • ECO-ENERGYS
  • ECOFOGAO
  • ECOREMEDY ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES
  • ENER-G HOLDINGS PLC
  • ENERGIRON DANIELI
  • ENERGY WORKS GROUP
  • ENERKEM
  • ENERSOL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
  • ENOVA ENERGY GROUP
  • ENSYN CORP.
  • ENTRADE ENERGY CORP
  • ENVERGENT TECHNOLOGIES
  • EPIC
  • ETA HEIZTECHNIK GMBH
  • ETHOS ENERGY
  • EUROPLASMA GROUP
  • EXCELSIOR ENERGY INC.
  • FRONTLINE BIOENERGY LLC
  • FULCRUM BIOENERGY INC.
  • GASEK OY
  • GB ENERGY HOLDING S.R.O.
  • GE OIL & GAS
  • GLOBAL ENERGY COLLABORATIONS
  • GP GREEN ENERGY SYSTEMS
  • GREATPOINT ENERGY
  • GTS SYNGAS S.RL./GMBH
  • HALDOR TOPSOE A/S
  • HEAT TRANSFER INTERNATIONAL (HTI)
  • HERZ ENERGIETECHNIK
  • HITACHI ZOSEN CORP.
  • HOST BIOENERGY
  • HUSK POWER SYSTEMS PVT. LTD.
  • ICM INC.
  • ILS-PARTNERS INC.
  • INENTEC INC.
  • INEOS BIO
  • INNERPOINT ENERGY CORP.
  • INERTAM
  • INFINITE ENERGY PVT. LTD.
  • INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES INC. (IET)
  • INTERSTATE WASTE TECHNOLOGIES
  • IQR SOLUTIONS AB
  • JAPAN BLUE ENERGY CO. LTD.
  • JAROSLAV CANKAR A SYN ATMOS
  • KAWASAKI HEAVY INDUSTRIES
  • KBR
  • KINC MINERAL TECHNOLOGIES PVT. LTD.
  • KINSEI SANGYO CO. LTD.
  • KLEAN INDUSTRIES INC.
  • KOBELCO ECO-SOLUTIONS CO. LTD.
  • KRANN ENGINEERING
  • LINC ENERGY LTD.
  • LINDE AG
  • MAGNEGAS CORP.
  • MANGLAM BIOMASS GASIFIERS
  • MAVERICK SYNFUELS
  • METSO PAPER INC.
  • MEVA ENERGY AB
  • MIDREX
  • MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES ENVIRONMENTAL AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
  • MOTHERMIK GMBH
  • NETPRO RENEWABLE ENERGY (INDIA) PVT. LTD.
  • NEXTERRA SYSTEMS CORP.
  • NOVO ENERGY LLC
  • ORGANIC ENERGY INC.
  • OUTOTEC ENERGY PRODUCTS
  • OVN BIO ENERGY PVT. LTD.
  • PEAT INTERNATIONAL
  • PEAT INTERNATIONAL USA
  • PHG ENERGY
  • PHOENIX BIOENERGY LLC
  • PHOENIX ENERGY
  • PHOENIX PRODUCTS
  • PHOENIX SOLUTIONS CO.
  • PHILCARBON
  • PLANTEC S.R.L.
  • PLASCO ENERGY GROUP
  • PLASMA POWER LLC
  • PLASMA2ENERGY
  • POWERHOUSE ENERGY GROUP PLC
  • PRIMUS GREEN ENERGY
  • PRM ENERGY SYSTEMS INC.
  • PYROGENESIS
  • RADHE RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT PVT. LTD.
  • RECOVERED ENERGY INC.
  • RENEWABLES PLUS SDN BHD
  • RENTECH INC.
  • REPOTEC UMWELTTECHNIK GMBH
  • RISHIPOOJA ENERGY AND ENGINEERING CO.
  • SAINT-GOBAIN INDUSTRIEKERAMIK DUSSELDORF GMBH
  • SASOL
  • SHELL
  • SIEMENS FUEL GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY GMBH
  • SINERGA S.A.
  • SM BIOLEUM RESOURCES PVT. LTD.
  • SOLENA GROUP
  • STAK PROPERTIES LLC
  • SUNDROP FUELS INC.
  • SUPERIOR GASIFICATION
  • SYNATA BIO (FORMERLY COSKATA, INC.)
  • SYNERGY ELECTRIC PVT. LTD.
  • SYNTERRA ENERGY
  • SYNTHESIS ENERGY SYSTEMS INC.
  • TAIM WESER S.A.
  • TAKUMA CO. LTD.
  • TANGSHAN KEYUAN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY & EQUIPMENT CO. LTD.
  • TARM BIOMASS
  • TAYLOR BIOMASS ENERGY LLC
  • TENOVA HYL (PART OF THE TECHINT GROUP)
  • TERRAGON ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
  • TETRONICS LTD.
  • THERMAL POWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE (TPRI)
  • THERMOCHEM RECOVERY INTERNATIONAL INC.
  • THOMPSON SPAVEN
  • THYSSENKRUPP INDUSTRIAL SOLUTIONS AG
  • TOPLINE ENERGY SYSTEM LLC
  • TRANS GAS DEVELOPMENT SYSTEMS
  • TRILLION INTERNATIONAL PTE. LTD.
  • TUTSEL
  • UPGRADE ENERGY
  • URBASER S.A.
  • VISTA INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
  • VOESTALPINE AG
  • WASTE TO ENERGY CANADA
  • W2E VENTURES INC.
  • WPP ENERGY HK LTD.
  • WUXI TENENG POWER MACHINERY CO. LTD.
  • XINBAO BIOMASS ENERGY CO. LTD.
  • XUZHOU ORIENT INDUSTRY CO. LTD.
  • ZEACHEM INC.
  • ZEEP
  • ZERO POINT CLEANTECH
  • ZHONGDE WASTE TECHNOLOGY AG

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL MARKET FOR NEW GASIFIERS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
    • TABLE 1: ENERGY CHANGES INVOLVED IN GASIFICATION REACTIONS
    • TABLE 2: GASIFIER CAPACITY RANGES, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT
    • TABLE 3: COMPARISON OF SOLID GASIFICATION PROCESSES
    • TABLE 4: COMPARISON OF PLASMA GASIFIER TECHNOLOGIES, BY SUPPLIER COMPANY WORLDWIDE
    • TABLE 5: HALDOR TOPSOE SNG PROJECTS WORLDWIDE
    • TABLE 6: SELECTED SIEMENS FUEL GASIFIER PROJECTS WORLDWIDE
    • TABLE 7: GLOBAL COAL EXPORTS, BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 8: GLOBAL COAL IMPORTS, BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 9: ESTIMATION OF FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE GROWING SUPPLY OF BIOMASS MATERIALS FOR THE ENERGY MARKETS, THROUGH 2050
    • TABLE 10: TYPICAL CAPITAL COSTS AND LEVELIZED COST OF ELECTRICITY PRODUCED FROM BIOMASS, BY VARIOUS TECHNOLOGIES, 2014 (USD/KW)
    • TABLE 11: CAPEX, OPERATING COSTS AND LEVELIZED COST OF ELECTRICITY PRODUCED FROM BIOMASS IN VARIOUS COUNTRIES, BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2014
    • TABLE 12: BIOMASS GASIFIER SIZES AND COST COMPARISON, 2007
    • TABLE 13: LARGEST BIOMASS GASIFICATION PLANTS IN THE WORLD AND THEIR PRODUCTION CAPACITIES, 2013
    • TABLE 14: LARGE BIOMASS GASIFICATION PLANTS THAT ARE OR PLANNED UNDER CONSTRUCTION
    • TABLE 15: TOP 10 COUNTRIES WITH BIODIESEL PRODUCTION POTENTIAL, 2012
    • TABLE 16: GLOBAL BIODIESEL PRODUCTION, BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION LITERS)
    • TABLE 17: LARGEST BIODIESEL PLANTS IN THE WORLD (1,000 T/Y)
    • TABLE 18: LARGEST ETHANOL MILLS IN THE WORLD
    • TABLE 19: GLOBAL WASTE GENERATION, BY REGION, 2015 VS 2025
    • TABLE 20: SHARES OF URBAN WASTE TREATED USING WASTE-TO-ENERGY METHODS, BY COUNTRY, 2012 (%)
    • TABLE 21: GLOBAL PROJECTED GROWTH OF WASTE TREATED USING WASTE-TO-ENERGY METHODS, BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2025 (TONNES/DAY)
    • TABLE 22: PLANTS USING PLASMA GASIFICATION FOR WASTE TREATMENT WORLDWIDE
    • TABLE 23: EXAMPLE OF PLASMA GASIFIER MANUFACTURER REVENUE STREAMS AND TIMELINES PER UNIT INSTALLED, 2014
    • TABLE 24: LARGEST WASTE-TO-ENERGY GASIFICATION PLANTS WORLDWIDE
    • TABLE 25: HITACHI ZOHEN INOVA WASTE-TO-ENERGY PLANTS WORLDWIDE
    • TABLE 26: COST ANALYSIS OF GASIFICATION PRODUCTS IN VARIOUS APPLICATION MARKETS, 2013-2016
    • TABLE 27: U.S. PATENTS SPECIFIC TO GASIFIER TECHNOLOGIES, 1976 THROUGH FEBRUARY 2016
    • TABLE 28: NUMBER OF U.S. GASIFIER PATENTS BY COMPANY/INSTITUTION, 1976 THROUGH FEBRUARY 2016
    • TABLE 29: NUMBER OF U.S. GASIFIER PATENTS, BY ASSIGNEE COUNTRY, 1976 THROUGH FEBRUARY 2016 (NO./%)
    • TABLE 30: LARGE ACTIVE GASIFICATION PLANTS WORLDWIDE, BY TYPE
    • TABLE 31: TOP 30 GLOBAL GASIFICATION PLANTS AND THEIR SIZES
    • TABLE 32: SYNGAS PRODUCTION CAPACITIES FOR GASIFIERS IN OPERATION AND UNDER CONSTRUCTION, GLOBAL COUNT, 2015 (GWTH)
    • TABLE 33: GASIFIER SIZE RANGES, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT (MWTH)
    • TABLE 34: GLOBAL MARKET FOR NEW GASIFIERS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
    • TABLE 35: GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS WORLDWIDE, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (CUMULATIVE UNITS)
    • TABLE 36: GLOBAL EXPORTS OF GASIFIER SYSTEMS AND COMPONENTS, THROUGH 2014 ($ THOUSANDS)
    • TABLE 37: GLOBAL IMPORTS OF GASIFIER SYSTEMS AND COMPONENTS, THROUGH 2014 ($ THOUSANDS)
    • TABLE 38: GLOBAL EXPORTS OF MACHINERY RELATED TO PROCESSES THAT INVOLVE HEATING, BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 39: GLOBAL IMPORTS OF MACHINERY RELATED TO PROCESSES THAT INVOLVE HEATING, BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 40: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR NEW GASIFIERS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
    • TABLE 41: NORTH AMERICAN GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (CUMULATIVE UNITS)
    • TABLE 42: INDIVIDUAL U.S. STATES BIOMASS-TO-ENERGY INCENTIVES
    • TABLE 43: U.S. IRON AND STEEL COMPANIES
    • TABLE 44: COST COMPARISON OF THERMAL ENERGY FROM COMMON U.S. BIOMASS FEEDSTOCKS
    • TABLE 45: BIOMASS FEEDSTOCK CHARACTERISTICS IN THE U.S.
    • TABLE 46: MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE GASIFIERS IN THE U.S.
    • TABLE 47: U.S. MARKET FOR NEW GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
    • TABLE 48: U.S. GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (CUMULATIVE UNITS)
    • TABLE 49: PARTIAL LIST OF EXISTING GASIFICATION PLANTS IN THE U.S.
    • TABLE 50: PROPOSED GASIFICATION PLANTS IN THE UNITED STATES, BY TYPE, AS OF MARCH 2016
    • TABLE 51: COSTS OF ACTIVE GASIFICATION PLANTS IN THE U.S.
    • TABLE 52: CANADIAN GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (CUMULATIVE UNITS)
    • TABLE 53: PARTIAL LIST OF EXISTING GASIFICATION PLANTS IN CANADA
    • TABLE 54: BIOMASS FEED-IN TARIFFS IN WESTERN EUROPE, 2014 (?/KWH)
    • TABLE 55: REFINING CAPACITY IN WESTERN EUROPE, BY COUNTRY, 2010-2014
    • TABLE 56: PARTIAL LIST OF GASIFICATION UNITS IN EUROPE, BY LOCATION, TYPE AND CAPACITY
    • TABLE 57: WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR NEW GASIFIERS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
    • TABLE 58: WESTERN EUROPEAN GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (CUMULATIVE UNITS)
    • TABLE 59: LARGE ACTIVE GASIFICATION PLANTS IN CHINA, BY TYPE
    • TABLE 60: MAJOR GASIFICATION PLANTS IN CHINA UNDER DEVELOPMENT
    • TABLE 61: NUMBER OF MAJOR NON-POWER COAL GASIFICATION PROJECTS IN CHINA, BY SUPPLIER, AS OF 2013
    • TABLE 62: TOP 10 COAL PRODUCING COMPANIES IN CHINA, 2014 (MILLION TONNES)
    • TABLE 63: CHINESE MARKET FOR NEW GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
    • TABLE 64: CHINESE GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (CUMULATIVE UNITS)
    • TABLE 65: JAPANESE COMPANIES AND THEIR GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 66: LARGE JAPANESE COMPANIES UTILIZING GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR PURPOSES OTHER THAN POWER PRODUCTION
    • TABLE 67: PARTIAL LIST OF GASIFICATION UNITS IN JAPAN, BY TYPE AND CAPACITY
    • TABLE 68: JAPANESE MARKET FOR NEW WTE GASIFIERS, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
    • TABLE 69: JAPANESE GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (CUMULATIVE UNITS)
    • TABLE 70: SELECTED GASIFICATION PROJECTS IN SOUTH KOREA AND TAIWAN
    • TABLE 71: PHILIPPINES BIOMASS GASIFICATION PROJECT CAPACITIES, 2015 (MW)
    • TABLE 72: PHILIPPINES ANNUAL CROP WASTE (MILLION TONNES)
    • TABLE 73: PACIFIC RIM MARKETS FOR NEW GASIFIERS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
    • TABLE 74: PACIFIC RIM GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (CUMULATIVE UNITS)
    • TABLE 75: PARTIAL LIST OF LARGE GASIFICATION UNITS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA, BY TYPE AND CAPACITY
    • TABLE 76: MAJOR ENERGY POLICIES AND TARGETS IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN COUNTRIES
    • TABLE 77: POTENTIAL BIOFUEL LOCATIONS IN INDONESIA
    • TABLE 78: PARTIAL LIST OF BIOMASS GASIFIERS INSTALLED IN THAILAND, 2010 (KWH)
    • TABLE 79: PARTIAL LIST OF BIOMASS GASIFIERS INSTALLED IN CAMBODIA, 2010
    • TABLE 80: BIOFUEL ENERGY POTENTIAL IN MALAYSIA
    • TABLE 81: SOUTHEAST ASIAN MARKET FOR NEW GASIFIERS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
    • TABLE 82: SOUTHEAST ASIAN GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021. (CUMULATIVE UNITS)
    • TABLE 83: PARTIAL LIST OF LARGE GASIFICATION UNITS IN SOUTHWEST ASIA, BY TYPE AND CAPACITY
    • TABLE 84: POWER GENERATION CAPACITY IN INDIA, BY TYPE OF FUEL SOURCE, THROUGH 2040 (GW)
    • TABLE 85: INDIAN CITIES WITH MSW WASTE EXCEEDING 1,000 TONNES/DAY, 2015 (TONNES/DAY)
    • TABLE 86: INDIAN GASIFIER MANUFACTURERS AND CONSULTING FIRMS
    • TABLE 87: STATE-WISE INSTALLED BIOMASS POWER GENERATION 2014 CAPACITY AND 2022 TARGETS, IN INDIA (MW)
    • TABLE 88: POTENTIAL FOR BIOMASS POWER IN INDIA AND COST OF FEEDSTOCK, BY REGION
    • TABLE 89: BIOMASS POWER/COGENERATION PLANT SUPPLIERS ACTIVE IN INDIA
    • TABLE 90: COMPANIES AND ORGANIZATIONS PROMOTING BIOMASS GASIFIERS IN INDIA AND EXAMPLES OF INSTALLATIONS
    • TABLE 91: COMPANIES IN SRI LANKA WITH POTENTIAL FOR BIOMASS GASIFIER USE, 2013 (KW)
    • TABLE 92: SOUTHWEST ASIA MARKET FOR NEW GASIFIERS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
    • TABLE 93: SOUTHWEST ASIA GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (CUMULATIVE UNITS)
    • TABLE 94: LARGE GASIFICATION UNITS IN EASTERN EUROPE, RUSSIA AND THE MIDDLE EAST, 1952-2019
    • TABLE 95: ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF VARIOUS COUNTRIES, BY POWER SOURCE, 2014 (MTOE)
    • TABLE 96: REFINING CAPACITY IN EASTERN EUROPE AND RUSSIA, 2010-2014 (THOUSANDS BBL/DAY)
    • TABLE 97: REFINING CAPACITY IN THE MIDDLE EAST, BY COUNTRY, 2010-2014 (THOUSANDS BBL/DAY)
    • TABLE 98: BIOMASS FITS (FEED-IN TARIFFS) IN UKRAINE AND GREECE, 2014 (?/KWH)
    • TABLE 99: EASTERN EUROPE, RUSSIA AND THE MIDDLE EAST MARKET FOR NEW GASIFIERS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
    • TABLE 100: EASTERN EUROPE, RUSSIA AND THE MIDDLE EAST GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (CUMULATIVE UNITS)
    • TABLE 101: LARGE GASIFICATION UNITS IN THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE, 1955-2019
    • TABLE 102: SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE MARKET FOR NEW GASIFIERS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
    • TABLE 103: SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (CUMULATIVE UNITS)

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE: LOGARITHMIC-SCALE CUMULATIVE NUMBER OF GASIFIER UNITS INSTALLED WORLDWIDE, BY APPLICATION, 2013-2021 (NEW UNITS ANNUALLY)
    • FIGURE 1: TECHNOLOGY ADVANCEMENTS IN THE EFFICIENCY OF GASIFIERS, 2000-2030 (%)
    • FIGURE 2: COMPARISON OF TOP THREE SOLID GASIFICATION PROCESSES
    • FIGURE 3: COMPARISON OF FOUR MAJOR GASIFIER MANUFACTURER DESIGNS
    • FIGURE 4: PROJECTS IN WHICH AIR LIQUIDE SUPPLIED THE OXYGEN, 2009-2015
    • FIGURE 5: COMPARISON OF NEW POWER GENERATION CAPACITY INSTALLED IN THE UNITED STATES, BY POWER SOURCE, 1950-2015 (GW)
    • FIGURE 6: MAP OF WORLD SHALE GAS AND SHALE OIL DEPOSITS
    • FIGURE 7: MAJOR WORLD COAL PRODUCTION
    • FIGURE 8: COMPOSITION OF BIOMASS MATERIALS COMPARED WITH COAL (%)
    • FIGURE 9: LEVELIZED COST OF ELECTRICITY POSSIBLE USING VARIOUS GREEN TECHNOLOGIES, 2014-2025 ($/KWH)
    • FIGURE 10: BIOMASS USAGE IN INDUSTRY, ENERGY AND TRANSPORTATION SEGMENTS, BY COUNTRY (PJ GENERATED PER YEAR)
    • FIGURE 11: COST OF BIOFUEL LIPIDS, BY COUNTRY, 2007 ($/LITER)
    • FIGURE 12: GLOBAL BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION, 2011-2021 (MILLION LITERS)
    • FIGURE 13: GLOBAL GROWTH IN BIOMASS TREATMENT PLANT SIZES, BY PROVIDER AND TECHNOLOGY, 1970-2015 (TONNES PER DAY)
    • FIGURE 14: SHARES OF GLOBAL URBAN WASTE, BY DISPOSAL METHOD, 2012 (%)
    • FIGURE 15: GASIFIER TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT TIMESCALE
    • FIGURE 16: NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON GASIFIER TECHNOLOGIES SINCE 1976, BY SEARCH METHOD
    • FIGURE 17: NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON GASIFIER TECHNOLOGIES SINCE 1976, BY YEAR, FIRST METHOD
    • FIGURE 18: NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON GASIFIER TECHNOLOGIES SINCE 1976, BY YEAR, SECOND METHOD
    • FIGURE 19: NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON GASIFIERS, BY COMPANY, 1976 THROUGH FEBRUARY 2016 (%)
    • FIGURE 20: NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON GASIFIERS BY ASSIGNEE COUNTRY, 1976 THROUGH FEBRUARY 2016 (%)
    • FIGURE 21: ANNUAL GASIFIER INSTALLATIONS, BY REGION, 2015-2021 (NO.)
    • FIGURE 22: MAP OF U.S. COAL DEPOSITS, BY TYPE OF COAL
    • FIGURE 23: MAP OF LOCATIONS OF FOREST PRODUCT FACILITIES IN THE U.S.
    • FIGURE 24: SOLID BIOMASS RESOURCES IN THE U.S., MAPPED BY COUNTY
    • FIGURE 25: BIOMASS-BASED POWER GENERATION IN THE U.S., 2006-2015 (TWH)
    • FIGURE 26: MAP OF STATES PROVIDING SUPPORT FOR WTE SYSTEMS, BY LEGISLATION
    • FIGURE 27: SHARES OF PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION SOURCES IN EUROPEAN UNION, 2010-2050 (%)
    • FIGURE 28: BTL PROJECTS IN EUROPE AND THEIR STATUS, 2015
    • FIGURE 29: WASTE-TO-ENERGY PLANTS OPERATING IN EUROPE, 2013 (NO.)
    • FIGURE 30: DOMESTIC COAL PRODUCTION IN CHINA, 2000-2015 (BILLIONS OF TONNES)
    • FIGURE 31: GROWTH OF COAL IN POWER GENERATION MARKET IN JAPAN, 1973-2013 (KWH)
    • FIGURE 32: NUMBER OF SLAGGING GASIFIERS FOR WASTE TREATMENT IN JAPAN, BY COMPANY
    • FIGURE 33: COAL PRODUCTION, DOMESTIC USE AND EXPORTS FROM INDONESIA, 2009-2019 (MILLION TONNES)
    • FIGURE 34: APPLICATION MARKETS FOR LNG PRODUCED IN SOUTHEAST ASIA, 2013-2040 (BCM)
    • FIGURE 35: GAS AND OIL INFRASTRUCTURE IN MALAYSIA
    • FIGURE 36: PERCENTAGE OF LANDMASS THAT IS FOREST OR AGRICULTURAL IN SOUTHEAST ASIA, BY COUNTRY (%)
    • FIGURE 37: COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT CAPACITY IN INDIA, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2010-2040 (GW)
    • FIGURE 38: CONSUMPTION IN BANGALDESH, BY FUEL TYPE, 2013 AND 2014 (MILLION TONNES OIL EQUIVALENT)
    • FIGURE 39: SHARES OF MYANMAR ENERGY CONSUMPTION, BY POWER SOURCE, 2012-2030 (%)
    • FIGURE 40: CONSUMPTION IN PAKISTAN, BY FUEL TYPE, 2013 AND 2014 (MTOE)
    • FIGURE 41: ENERGY DEPENDANCE IN AUSTRALIA, BY SOURCE, 2013 AND 2014 (MTOE)
    • FIGURE 42: MAP OF COAL RESERVES IN AUSTRALIA
    • FIGURE 43: CTL PROJECTS IN AUSTRALIA AND CURRENT STATUS
    • FIGURE 44: LEVELIZED COST AND CAPEX FOR TRANSPORTATION FUELS IN AUSTRALIA, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014
    • FIGURE 45: AFRICAN ENERGY CONSUMPTION, BY COUNTRY AND SOURCE, 2014 (MTOE)
    • FIGURE 46: SOUTH AMERICAN ENERGY CONSUMPTION, BY COUNTRY AND POWER SOURCE, 2014 (MTOE)
    • FIGURE 47: TOP FIVE COUNTRIES IN BIOFUEL PRODUCTION, 2010-2014 (MTOE)
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