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市場調查報告書

自動駕駛領域30家汽車製造商的路線圖

30 Carmakers' Roadmaps in Automated Driving by 2025

出版商 Auto2x Ltd | Automotive Intelligence Consulting 商品編碼 950473
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 136 Pages; 52 Tables; 111 Figures
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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自動駕駛領域30家汽車製造商的路線圖 30 Carmakers' Roadmaps in Automated Driving by 2025
出版日期: 2020年03月31日內容資訊: 英文 136 Pages; 52 Tables; 111 Figures
簡介

本報告是對自動駕駛領域汽車製造商趨勢的調查,並提供了有關到目前為止的商業化狀況,未來前景,每個公司的自動駕駛商業化戰略等信息。

內容

第1章各個級別的自動駕駛簡介狀態:2016-19

  • 駕駛輔助系統實際使用中的活動和挑戰
  • SAE 2級在歐洲的商業化情況
  • 歐洲SAE 1級商業化狀況
  • 歐洲SAE 0級的商業化情況
  • 排名前6名OEM的ADAS 0/1級營銷功能

第2章引入3-5級有關的法規,工程和其他問題

  • 法規是引入自動駕駛的挑戰
  • 2018-19年主要地區廣告法規和法律地位概述
  • 法規79-轉向系統的改進可實現在歐洲的3級部署
  • 在美國通向自動駕駛汽車的道路
  • 從2017年秋季開始在德國合法化三級自動駕駛
  • 法規對第3級部署的影響
  • 技術問題
  • 3級職責和事件數據記錄器的作用
  • 網路安全是汽車製造商的首要任務

第3章OEM和一級公司策略

  • 實現高度自動化駕駛的方法
  • 與我們自己的ADS平台進行構建和協作
  • 通過數位化和新的移動服務進行個性化
  • 4/5級實際應用的用例和業務模型
    • 移動即服務(MaaS)

第4章從支持到自動駕駛:主要的2-4級OEM路線圖

  • OEM OEM 2-4級自動駕駛和停車路線圖
  • 自動駕駛技術路線圖:ADAS的主要功能和傳感器組
  • 在歐洲,美國和中國的銷售預測將達到2-4級
    • 2013年至2025年間歐盟,美國和中國的2級行駛預測
    • 到2025年裝備3級車輛的銷售預測
    • 區域領先3級部署
    • 配備Level 4系統的車輛的總銷量
  • 到2025年的歐洲自動駕駛預測:駕駛和停車功能
  • 到2025年美國自動駕駛預測
  • 中國自動駕駛預測
  • 到2030年乘用車激光雷達技術的預測

第5章ADAS與主要汽車製造商的自動駕駛前景

  • Audi
  • BAIC
  • Bentley
  • BMW Group
    • Mini
  • BYD
  • CHANGAN
  • Daimler: Mercedes-Benz
  • FCA(Alfa Romeo, Fiat, Jeep、Maserati )
  • Ford
  • Geely
  • General Motors(Cadillac、Chevy-Cruise)
  • Great Wall
  • Guangzhou Automobile Group (GAC)
  • Honda
  • Hyundai、 KIA、Genesis
  • Jaguar Land Rover
  • Porsche
  • PSA
  • Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance
    • Nissan & Infiniti
    • Renault
  • SAIC
  • Subaru
  • Tesla
  • Toyota Motors(Lexus、Toyota)
  • Volvo
  • VWシVW Group

第6章附錄

目錄

Market status & forecast, roadmap and strategy of leading OEMs to commercialize Automated Driving

When will automated driving technology and regulation converge to allow the first cars with Level 3 and Level 4 to hit the road? Which carmakers will be the winners in the autonomous vehicle race?

How do leading carmakers plan to commercialize automated driving and what will be the impact on the mobility landscape?

This report examines the current status of the levels of vehicle automation until 2025 (SAE L0-4). It also provides a roadmap for Automated Driving deployment for 35 major OEMs in Europe, USA, Japan and China.

Table of Contents

1. The status of Automated Driving deployment by Level in 2016-19 (21 pages)

  • 1.1. Democratization of driver assistance systems accelerates fast but techno-economic deployment challenges persist
    • 1.1.1. Regulation is delaying the transition to "conditional eyes-off the road"
    • 1.1.2. Germany's competitive advantage hindered by slow Level 3 regulatory update
    • 1.1.3. Availability of Partially-automated models almost between 2016-18
    • 1.1.4. Level 2 features expand across carlines reaching the compact segment
    • 1.1.5. ADAS content is increasing to bridge the technological gap for higher autonomy
  • 1.2. Commercialization status of SAE Level 2 in Europe 2016-19: TJA, SP and RP availability in leading OEMs
    • 1.2.1. L2-D status in Europe in 2016-18: Traffic Jam Assist (TJA) availability
    • 1.2.2. Comparison of L2-D tech: speeds, lane change, hands-on detection, stop-in-lane, and naming strategy
    • 1.2.3. L2-P status in Europe 2016-18: Self-park & Remote Parking availability
    • 1.2.4. L2 penetration in European car sales in 2016-18
    • 1.2.5. L2 OEM ranking in 2016 vs 2018: leaders & followers
  • 1.3. SAE Level 1 status in Europe in 2016-18: ACC, AEB CUI, PA & LKA availability in OEMs
  • 1.4. Level 0 penetration in Europe in 2016-18: BSM, DDM, FCW, LDW, and TSR
    • 1.4.1. Marketing names for ADAS L0/L1 features in Top-6 Premium OEMs
  • 1.5. Major Automated Driving & AMoD pilots in 2019-20: who tests what and where
  • 1.6. The implications of Level 3-Conditionally automated driving to HMI

2. Regulatory, engineering and other challenges for L3-5 deployment (17 pages)

  • 2.1. Read why regulation challenges Autonomous Driving deployment
  • 2.2. Overview of AD regulatory & legal status in key geographies in 2018-19
  • 2.3. The amendment of Reg.79-Steering equipment will allow L3 deployment in Europe
    • 2.3.1. ADAS are assistive and hands-on the wheel are always required
    • 2.3.2. Reg.79 amendment is the critical step towards self-steering systems
    • 2.3.3. Three concerns arising from the UNECE Reg.79's amendment
  • 2.4. The USA has opened up the road to Highly Autonomous Vehicles
    • 2.4.1. State of AV testing in the United States in 2016/17
    • 2.4.2. Concern over U.S Federal Autonomous Vehicle Policy
  • 2.5. L3 automated driving to become legal in Germany from autumn 2017
  • 2.6. The impact of AD regulation on L3 deployment
  • 2.7. Technical challenges for deployment and other key factors affecting AD adoption
  • 2.8. Liability in L3 and the role of Event Data Recorders for AD
  • 2.9. Vehicle Cybersecurity becomes a top priority for carmakers
    • 2.9.1. OEM and regulatory activity heats-up in major car markets
    • 2.9.2. What is needed to secure Connected Cars?

3. OEM & Tier-1 strategies to commercialize Automated Driving (9 pages)

  • 3.1. Incremental vs skip approach to reach Highly automated driving
  • 3.2. Building your own ADS platform vs collaboration
    • 3.2.1. Consortiums for L3-5 platforms, AMoD and HD maps
    • 3.2.2. Learn why leading ADAS Suppliers are well positioned to monetize ADAS growth
  • 3.3. Digitalisation unlocks personalisation & new mobility services
  • 3.4. Use cases and business models to commercialise L4/5
    • 3.4.1. Mobility-as-a-Service (MaaS)

4. From Assisted to Autonomous: L2-4 roadmap from leading OEMs (22 pages)

  • 4.1. Overview of L2-L4 Driving and Parking roadmap by OEM at earliest implementation
  • 4.2. Automated Driving technology roadmap: key ADAS features and sensor set
    • 4.2.1. The differences in roadmaps between L4 in passenger cars vs robotaxis
  • 4.3. Aggregate sales forecast by L2-D to L4-Driving features in Europe, USA, China 2013-2025
    • 4.3.1. Aggregate Level 2-Driving forecast in EU, USA and China between 2013 & 2025
    • 4.3.2. Aggregate Level 3-Driving equipped car sales forecast up to 2025
    • 4.3.3. Learn which geographies will lead Level 3 deployment
    • 4.3.4. Aggregate sales of cars & LVs equipped with Level 4-Driving systems by 2025
  • 4.4. European Automated Driving forecast up to 2025: Driving vs Parking features
    • 4.4.1. European AD roadmap for driving features: L2-D to L4-D
    • 4.4.2. Market shares of European car sales by level of automation during 2015-2025
    • 4.4.3. The impact of EuroNCAP's 2025 roadmap
    • 4.4.4. Partial automation (L2-D) forecast in European car sales 2013-25
    • 4.4.5. Conditional automation (L3-D) forecast in European car sales 2018-25
    • 4.4.6. European L4-Driving sales forecast 2018-25
    • 4.4.7. European AD roadmap for parking features: L2-P to L4-Parking
  • 4.5. USA Automated Driving forecast for Driving features up to 2025
    • 4.5.1. USA LV sales & penetration by Level 2 to L4 Driving features, 2013 and 2025
    • 4.5.2. USA forecast of Light Vehicle sales with L2-D features between 2013 & 2025
    • 4.5.3. USA forecast of Light Vehicle sales with L3-D features by 2025
    • 4.5.4. USA forecast of Light Vehicle sales with L4-D features between 2013 & 2025
  • 4.6. China Automated Driving Forecast: L2-D to L4-Driving features 2013-2021
  • 4.7. Lidar forecast up to 2030 in passenger cars

5. ADAS & Automated Driving outlook by leading carmakers (48 pages)

  • 5.1. Audi
    • 5.1.1. Audi's ADAS feature availability in model range & sensor set
    • 5.1.2. Audi's AD outlook: feature roadmap and model range by AD level
  • 5.2. BAIC
  • 5.3. Bentley
  • 5.4. BMW Group
    • 5.4.1. BMW's ADAS feature availability in model range & sensor set
    • 5.4.2. BMW's AD outlook: model range by AD level and feature roadmap
    • 5.4.3. Mini
  • 5.5. BYD
  • 5.6. CHANGAN
  • 5.7. Daimler: Mercedes-Benz
    • 5.7.1. Mercedes-Benz's ADAS feature availability in model range in Europe
    • 5.7.2. Mercedes-Benz's AD outlook: feature roadmap & AD level mix
  • 5.8. FCA: Focus on Alfa Romeo, Fiat, Jeep and Maserati
    • 5.8.1. Alfa Romeo's roadmap to Level 4
  • 5.9. Ford
  • 5.10. Geely
  • 5.11. General Motors: Cadillac and Chevy-Cruise
  • 5.12. Great Wall
  • 5.13. Guangzhou Automobile Group (GAC)
  • 5.14. Honda
  • 5.15. Hyundai, KIA and Genesis
  • 5.16. Jaguar Land Rover
  • 5.17. Porsche
  • 5.18. PSA
  • 5.19. Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance
    • 5.19.1. Nissan & Infiniti
    • 5.19.2. Renault
  • 5.20. SAIC
  • 5.21. Subaru
  • 5.22. Tesla
    • 5.22.1. Tesla's ADAS portfolio and feature availability in model range
    • 5.22.2. Tesla's strategy to reach L4 with emphasis on vision
  • 5.23. Toyota Motors: Lexus and Toyota
    • 5.23.1. Toyota's AD roadmap
  • 5.24. Volvo
    • 5.24.1. Volvo's ADAS feature availability in model range
    • 5.24.2. Volvo's AD outlook: model range by ADAS level
  • 5.25.VW & VW Group
    • 5.25.1. VW's strategy and model range by level of Automated Driving

6. Appendix (8 pages)

  • 6.1. Supporting information for other OEMs' Automated Driving roadmap
  • 6.2. Model availability by level of automation in Europe, 2015-2025
    • 6.2.1. Models with Level 2-Driving features in Europe, 2015-2025
    • 6.2.2. Models with Level 2-Parking features in Europe, 2015-2025
    • 6.2.3. Models with Level 3-Driving features in Europe, 2015-2025
    • 6.2.4. Models with Level 4-Driving features in Europe, 2015-2025

About Auto2x & Intelligent, Secure & Autonomous car portfolio

Tables

  • Table 1: Key takeaways from our report
  • Table 1.1: Overview of L2-D+P features from the leaders in autonomous driving (as available in 2017-19)
  • Table 1.2: Required vs Optional sensor set for L3 Driving and Parking features (radar, camera, Lidar, maps)
  • Table 1.3: L2-D comparison: steering assistance speeds; lane change; hands-on detection; stop-in lane
  • Table 1.4: 2016-2020 roadmap of ADAS requirements by regulatory authorities or safety rating agencies (NCAP)
  • Table 1.5: Marketing names for L0, L1 and L2 ADAS features in Top-7 Premium OEMs (Europe, 2016)
  • Table 1.6: Overview of L3 pilots/testing in leading geographies by OEMs, Tier-1s, and mobility service providers
  • Table 2.1: Snapshot of the global Autonomous Driving regulatory and legal status in 2019
  • Table 2.2: The amendment of the 1968 Vienna Convention on Road Traffic
  • Table 2.3: UN-ECE Regulation No.79 and the amendment process
  • Table 2.4: Example of ACSF certification categories vs old for current and expected SAE L1-3 systems
  • Table 2.5: Regulatory process in the U.S
  • Table 2.6: Summary status of L3/L4 testing in the U.S in 2018
  • Table 2.7: Key findings from USDOT's Federal Autonomous Vehicle Policy
  • Table 2.8: Challenges, opportunities and threats for higher levels of vehicle automation
  • Table 2.9: What regulatory and legal action is needed to secure Connected Cars?
  • Table 3.1: Pros & cons of "Incremental vs skip approach" to reach L4/5
  • Table 3.2: Overview of some key strategic partnerships & investment to unlock higher levels of automation
  • Table 3.3: Use cases and business models for Level 4/5 automated driving
  • Table 3.4: Use cases for On-demand shared mobility vs individual mobility in L4/5
  • Table 4.1: Carmaker AD roadmaps examined: Confirmed vs Auto2x estimates vs OEM announcements
  • Table 4.2: Consensus of required radar, camera, Lidar, ultrasonic sensors and maps by ADAS Level
  • Table 4.3: Aggregate car sales by Level of Automation in EU, USA and China between 2013 & 2025 (Million, AGR)
  • Table 4.4: European Autonomous Driving forecast: Driving features, L2-D to L4-D, 2013-2025 (Million, AGR%)
  • Table 4.5: The 10 new proposed additions to EuroNCAP's 2025 roadmap
  • Table 4.6: USA Light Vehicle sales, No of models and penetration L2-D to L4-D between '13 & '25 (Million, AGR)
  • Table 4.7: Chinese car sales, No of models and penetration L2-D to L4-D between '13 & '25 (Million, AGR)
  • Table 4.8: Lidar market size forecast for L3/L3+ and L4 between 2020 and 2030 (USD EUR, AGR, CAGR)
  • Table 5.1: Audi's ADAS sensor set to deliver L0-2 features: radars, camera, ultrasonics, map data, lidar
  • Table 5.2: Audi A8's ADAS sensor set (camera, radar, lidar, ultrasonics, maps, SW, etc.) and Tier-1 suppliers
  • Table 5.3: BMW's plan, investment, offerings and recent activity in Automated Driving
  • Table 5.4: BMW 7-Series ADAS sensor set to deliver L0-2 features: radars, camera, ultrasonics, map data, lidar
  • Table 5.5: BMW's ADAS sensor set (camera, radar, lidar, ultrasonics, maps, SW, etc.) and the suppliers
  • Table 5.6: BYD's plans and investment activity in Automated Driving
  • Table 5.7: Daimler's plan, investment, offerings and recent activity in Automated Driving
  • Table 5.8: Mercedes Benz's ADAS sensor set to deliver L0-2 features: radars, camera, ultrasonics, map data, lidar
  • Table 5.9: Mercedes-Benz S-Class ADAS sensor set (camera, radar, lidar, ultrasonics, maps, SW) and the suppliers
  • Table 5.10: ADAS feature availability in FCA Group brands in Europe in 2016
  • Table 5.11: Ford's investment and recent activity in Automated Driving
  • Table 5.12: Differences between GM and Ford regarding autonomous and mobility strategy
  • Table 5.13: GM's plan, investment, offerings and recent activity in Automated Driving
  • Table 5.14: Honda's plan, investment, offerings and recent activity in Automated Driving
  • Table 5.15: Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance's plans and investment in Automated Driving
  • Table 5.16: Tesla's ADAS sensor set to deliver L0-2 features: radars, camera, ultrasonics, map data, lidar
  • Table 5.17: Tesla's ADAS sensor set (camera, radar, lidar, ultrasonics, maps, SW, etc.) and the suppliers
  • Table 5.18: Toyota and Lexus's plans and investment in Automated Driving
  • Table 5.19: Volvo's ADAS sensor set to deliver L0-2 features: radars, camera, ultrasonics, map data, lidar
  • Table 5.20: Volvo's ADAS sensor set (camera, radar, lidar, ultrasonics) and the suppliers
  • Table 6.1: Models with Level 2-Driving features in Europe, 2015-2025 by brand
  • Table 6.2: Models with Level 2-Parking features in Europe, 2015-2025 by brand
  • Table 6.3: Models with Level 3-Driving features in Europe, 2015-2025 by brand
  • Table 6.4: Models with Level 4-Driving features in Europe, 2015-2025 by brand

Figures

  • Figure 1.1: Car manufacturers with capability of L2-Driving & Parking in Europe during 2013-18
  • Figure 1.2: Level 2 (D+P) model offerings in Europe between 2013 and 2018
  • Figure 1.3: Brands and models equipped with Level 2 TJA, SP and RP features in Europe between 2016 and 2018
  • Figure 1.4: L3-equipped models, required sensor set and penetration 2019 vs 2020 vs 2025 in Europe (%)
  • Figure 1.5: ADAS sensor revenue forecast 2016 & 2020 ($Billion)
  • Figure 1.6: Market shares of ADAS sensors (radar, camera, Lidar, ultrasonic in 2020 (%)
  • Figure 1.7: Key partnerships, joint ventures in the Autonomous Vehicle space
  • Figure 1.8: Number of models offering SAE Level 2-Driving features (TJA) in Europe in 2015 to 2019
  • Figure 1.9: Traffic Jam Assist availability in Europe as % of OEMs' European model range in 2016-2019
  • Figure 1.10: Self-Park availability (%) in OEMs' European model range in 2016 & 2019
  • Figure 1.11: Number of models offering (L2-P) Self-park and Remote Parking features in Europe in 2015-2019
  • Figure 1.12: L2 Penetration: TJA, SP and RP penetration in European car sales 2016-018
  • Figure 1.13: Market shares by OEM in L2-D car sales in Europe in 2016 v s 2018 (%)
  • Figure 1.14: Shares of OEMs in total number of L2-D in models in Europe in 2016 vs 2018 (%)
  • Figure 1.15: L2 OEM ranking in Europe 2018: share in total number of L2 models vs share in L2 sales
  • Figure 1.16: L2 OEM ranking in Europe, 2017: share in total number of L2 models vs share in L2 sales
  • Figure 1.17: ADAS L1 ACC, AEB CUI, PA and LKA feature penetration in European car sales Q1-Q3 2016 (%)
  • Figure 1.18: ACC availability (%) in Top 7 Premium OEMs' model range: Europe, 2016 vs 2018
  • Figure 1.19: AEB CUI availability in Top 7 Premium OEMs' model range (Europe, 2016, %)
  • Figure 1.20: Park Assist availability in Top 7 Premium OEMs' model range (Europe, 2016, %)
  • Figure 1.21: LKA availability in Top 7 Premium OEMs' model range (Europe, 2016, %)
  • Figure 1.22: ACC, AEB CUI, and PA availability in 14 leading volume OEMs' model range (Europe, 2016, %)
  • Figure 1.23: L0 penetration by BSM, DDM, FCW, LDW, TSR in 2016 European car sales vs Top 7 Premium OEMs
  • Figure 1.24: How does L3 automated driving look like?
  • Figure 2.1: The 5 new categories of Automated Corrective Steering Function (ACSF) according to UN-ECE Reg.79
  • Figure 2.2: Summary overview of the status of Autonomous Vehicle Legislation in the U.S: 2017 vs 2018
  • Figure 2.3: Overview of key OEM and regulatory action on Automotive Cyber Security in major car markets
  • Figure 3.1: Consortiums for L3-5 platforms, Automated-Mobility on Demand and HD maps (Source: Auto2x)
  • Figure 3.2: ADAS component revenues from the Top-11 ADAS Tier-1s in 2015 vs 2018 and 2020 (Euro, Billion)
  • Figure 3.3: Forms of mobility, i.e. Mobility-as-a-Service and offerings from key carmakers (Not exhaustive view)
  • Figure 4.1: L2-D to L4-D roadmap by OEM by earlier implementation (mostly Europe unless stated) 2017-25
  • Figure 4.2: L1-P to L4-P roadmap by OEM based on earlier implementation 2017-2025
  • Figure 4.3: ADAS&AD Driving feature roadmap 2013-25 (at earliest implementation)
  • Figure 4.4: ADAS&AD Parking feature roadmap 2016-27+ (at earliest implementation)
  • Figure 4.5: Aggregate car sales by Level of Automation in EU, USA and China between 2013 and 2025 (Million)
  • Figure 4.6: AD Level penetration in EU, USA and China between 2013 and 2025 (%)
  • Figure 4.7: Aggregate L2-D sales 2013-2025: EU vs USA vs China (Million)
  • Figure 4.8: Aggregate L3-D sales 2013-2025: EU vs USA vs China (Million)
  • Figure 4.9: Aggregate L4-D sales 2013-2025: EU vs USA vs China (Million)
  • Figure 4.10: European AD forecast L2-L4 by driving (L2-D to L4-D) vs parking features 2016-25 (Millions)
  • Figure 4.11: European AD forecast for Driving features 2016-2025: L2-D to L4-D (Millions)
  • Figure 4.12: L0/1-D, L2-D, L3-D & L4-D penetration in European car sales 2016-2025 (%)
  • Figure 4.13: European L2-D car sales forecast 2013-2025 & number of L2-D models (Millions)
  • Figure 4.14: European L3-D car sales forecast 2018-2025 & number of L3-D models (Millions)
  • Figure 4.15: Carmaker market shares in L3 sales and models in Europe in 2025 (%)
  • Figure 4.16: European L4-D car sales forecast 2018-2025 & number of L4-D models (Millions)
  • Figure 4.17: Carmaker market shares in L4 sales and models in Europe in 2023 vs 2025
  • Figure 4.18: European AD forecast for Parking features 2016-2025: L2-D to L4-D (Millions)
  • Figure 4.19: L0/1-P, L2-P, L3-P & L4-P penetration in European car sales 2016-2025 (%)
  • Figure 4.20: Level 2-P car sales and total models offered in Europe from 2016 to 2021 (Units)
  • Figure 4.21: Level 3-P car sales and total models offered in Europe from 2016 to 2021 (Units)
  • Figure 4.22: Level 4-P car sales and total models offered in Europe 2016-21 (Units)
  • Figure 4.23: USA LV sales by level of Automation between 2013 & 2025 (Million)
  • Figure 4.24: Penetration of different levels of Autonomy in USA LV sales between 2013 and 2025 (%)
  • Figure 4.25: USA forecast of Light Vehicle sales for L2-Driving features 2013-25 & L2-D model offerings (Units)
  • Figure 4.26: USA forecast of Light Vehicle sales for L3-Driving features 2018-25 & L3-D model offerings (Units)
  • Figure 4.27: USA forecast of Light Vehicle sales for L4-Driving features 2018-25 & L4-D model offerings (Units)
  • Figure 4.28: Number of models offering ADAS & AD-L2 to L4 Driving features in the USA, 2013-25
  • Figure 4.29: China AD forecast L2-L4 by driving (L2-D to L4-D) (Million sales, Auto2x)
  • Figure 4.30: Penetration of different levels of Autonomy in Chinese car sales between 2013 and 2025 (%)
  • Figure 4.31: L2-D to L4-D models offered in China between 2013-2025 (Source: Auto2x)
  • Figure 4.32: Lidar market size forecast for L3/L3+, L4 passenger cars between 2020 & 2030 (EUR Bn, AGR, CAGR)
  • Figure 4.33: Lidar market size forecast in Europe, USA, China and Japan between 2021 & 2030 (€ Mn)
  • Figure 4.34: L4 Lidar shipments in Europe, USA, China & Japan by 2025 (Million)
  • Figure 4.35: Lidar ASP forecast between 2021 and 2030 ($)
  • Figure 5.1: Audi's global car sales 2015-18 & AGR (Source: Audi)
  • Figure 5.2: Audi's sales mix by region in 2016 & 2018 (%)
  • Figure 5.3: L0/1/2 feature availability in Audi's model range in Europe in 2016 (%)
  • Figure 5.4: Audi's AD roadmap to L4 segmented by Driving and Parking features at earliest implementation
  • Figure 5.5: Audi's model range by level of automation in Europe from 2015 to 2025 (%, rounded)
  • Figure 5.6: Audi's car sales in Europe by Level of Automation 2015-2025: L2-D to L4-D
  • Figure 5.7: L0/1/2 feature availability in Bentley's model range in Europe in 2016 vs 2019 for L2 (%)
  • Figure 5.8: Bentley's model range mix by level of automation in Europe from 2015 to 2025 (%, Source: Auto2x)
  • Figure 5.9: BMW Group's sales 2015-2018 & AGR
  • Figure 5.10: BMW's sales mix by region in 2016 and 2018 (%)
  • Figure 5.11: L0/1/2 feature availability in BMW's model range in Europe in 2016 (%)
  • Figure 5.12: BMW's AD roadmap to L4 segmented by Driving and Parking features at earliest implementation
  • Figure 5.13: BMW's model range by level of automation in Europe from 2015 to 2025 (%, rounded)
  • Figure 5.14: BMW's car sales in Europe by Level of Automation 2015-2025: L2-D to L4-D
  • Figure 5.15: Mini's model range mix by level of automation in Europe from 2015 to 2025 (%)
  • Figure 5.16: Mercedes-Benz car sales 2015-18 & AGR
  • Figure 5.17: Mercedes-Benz's sales mix by region in 2016 (%)
  • Figure 5.18: L0/1/2 feature availability in Mercedes-Benz's model range in Europe in 2016 (%)
  • Figure 5.19: Mercedes Benz's AD roadmap to L4 segmented by D and P features at earliest implementation
  • Figure 5.20: Mercedes-Benz's model range by level of automation in Europe from 2016 to 2025 (%, rounded)
  • Figure 5.21: Mercedes-Benz's car sales in Europe by Level of Automation 2015-2025: L2-D to L4-D
  • Figure 5.22: L0/1/2 feature availability in Alfa Romeo's model range in Europe in 2016 vs 2019 (%)
  • Figure 5.23: Alfa Romeo's sales mix by level of automation 2016-2025 (%)
  • Figure 5.24: L0/1/2 feature availability in Ford's model range in Europe in 2016 vs 2019 (%)
  • Figure 5.25: L0/1/2 feature availability in Honda's model range in Europe in 2016 vs 2019 (%)
  • Figure 5.26: L0/1/2 feature availability in Hyundai's model range in Europe in 2016 vs 2019 (%)
  • Figure 5.27: JLR's car sales 2015-18 and regional distribution in 2018
  • Figure 5.28: L0/1/2 feature availability in JLR's model range in Europe in 2016 vs 2019 (%)
  • Figure 5.29: Jaguar Land Rover's model range mix by level of automation in Europe from 2015 to 2025 (%)
  • Figure 5.30: L0/1/2 feature availability in Porsche's model range in Europe in 2016 vs 2019 for L2 (%)
  • Figure 5.31: Porsche's model range mix by level of automation in Europe from 2015 to 2025 (%)
  • Figure 5.32: L0/1/2 feature availability in Peugeot's model range in Europe in 2016 vs 2019 (%)
  • Figure 5.33: L0/1/2 feature availability in Nissan's model range in Europe in 2016 vs 2019 (%)
  • Figure 5.34: Nissan's sales mix by level of automation 2016-2025 (%)
  • Figure 5.35: L0/1/2 feature availability in Renault's model range in Europe in 2016 vs 2019 (%)
  • Figure 5.36: L0/1/2 feature availability in Subaru's model range in Europe in 2016 vs 2019 (%)
  • Figure 5.37: Tesla's estimated sales mix by region in 2016 (%)
  • Figure 5.38: L0/1/2 feature availability in Tesla's model range in Europe in 2016 (%)
  • Figure 5.39: Tesla's model range by level of automation in Europe from 2015 to 2025 (%, rounded)
  • Figure 5.40: L0/1/2 feature availability in Toyota's model range in Europe in 2016 vs 2019 (%)
  • Figure 5.41: Volvo's sales by region in 2016 vs 2018 (%)
  • Figure 5.42: L0/1/2 feature availability in Volvo's model range in Europe in 2016 (%)
  • Figure 5.43: Volvo's model range by level of automation in Europe from 2015 to 2025 (%, rounded)
  • Figure 5.44: L0/1/2 feature availability in VWs model range in Europe in 2016 vs 2019 (%)
  • Figure 5.45: VW's model range by level of automation in Europe from 2016 to 2025 (%, rounded)
  • Figure 5.46: VW Group L2-D sales in Europe 2014-2025 (Audi, Bentley, Porsche, Seat and VW)