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Analyzing the Global Bunker Fuel Industry 2017

出版商 Aruvian's R'search 商品編碼 296684
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 145 pages
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全球船用燃料油產業分析 Analyzing the Global Bunker Fuel Industry 2017
出版日期: 2017年03月29日 內容資訊: 英文 145 pages





  • 產業定義
  • 產業的簡介
  • 全球石油市場調查
  • 全球天然氣市場調查
  • 其他燃料的調查
  • 對產業的影響
  • 產業面臨的問題
  • 未來展望


  • 船用燃料油是什麼?
  • 船用燃料油的歷史
  • 重油的分類
  • 重油的利用
  • 燃料的規格
  • 船用燃料油的供應鏈
  • 法律規範
  • 運輸&環境上的問題
  • 對船用燃料油的嚴苛標準


  • 概要
  • 船舶用燃料的等級
  • 船舶用燃料/石油產品的煉製
  • 煉油廠的生產模式
  • 船舶用燃料的種類



  • 簡介
  • LPG的用途
  • LPG生產
  • 運輸、燃料供給的LPG
  • 中速引擎市場上LPG
  • 低速引擎的LPG
  • 法律規範







Known commonly as fuel oil, bunker fuel is liquid fuel that is fractionally distilled from crude oil. Bunker fuel is highly viscous and also heavily contaminated with substances that cannot be removed. Therefore, when burnt, bunker fuel causes a lot of pollution. Worldwide, there are many regulations in place in order to check the pollution caused by bunker fuel.

Aruvian Research analyzes the global bunker fuel industry in its research report Analyzing the Global Bunker Fuel Industry 2017. The report analyzes the global energy industry first and then moves on to the global bunker fuel/fuel oil industry analysis. We look at the basics of bunker fuel, history of bunker fuel, classification, uses as well as fuel specifications. The supply chain of bunker fuel, particularly the major bunkering ports of Fujairah, Rotterdam and Singapore are looked at. Regulatory framework, transportation and environmental issues, and standards for bunker fuel are looked at in the report.

Moving on, we analyze the broader marine fuels market in terms of marine fuel grades, refining of marine fuels/petroleum products, types of marine fuels, etc.

The recent emergence of LNG as a bunker fuel option is also looked at, along with two case studies of using LPG as a marine fuel and using MSAR as a bunker fuel.

An analysis of the major industry players and a future perspective of the industry completes this analysis.

Table of Contents

A. Executive Summary

B. Analyzing the Global Energy Industry

  • B.1. Industry Definition
  • B.2. Brief Profile of the Industry
  • B.3. Global Oil Market
  • B.4. Global Natural Gas
  • B.5. Other Fuels
    • B.5.1. Coal
    • B.5.2. Nuclear Power
    • B.5.3. Hydroelectric Power
    • B.5.4. Renewables
  • B.6. Impacts on the Industry
  • B.7. Challenges Facing the Industry
  • B.8. Future Perspective

C. Global Bunker Fuel/Fuel Oil Industry

  • C.1. What is Bunker Fuel?
  • C.2. History of Bunker Fuel
  • C.3. Classification of Fuel Oil
  • C.4. Uses of Fuel Oil
  • C.5. Fuel Specifications
  • C.6. Bunker Fuel Supply Chain
    • C.6.1. Fujairah
    • C.6.2. Rotterdam
    • C.6.3. Singapore
  • C.7. Regulatory Framework
  • C.8. Transportation & Environmental Issues
  • C.9. Stricter Standards for Bunker Fuel

D. Marine Fuels Industry

  • D.1. Overview
  • D.2. Marine Fuel Grades
  • D.3. Refining of Marine Fuels/Petroleum Products
  • D.4. Production Models of Refineries
  • D.5. Types of Marine Fuel
    • D.5.1. Marine Gas Oil (MGO)
    • D.5.2. Marine Distillate Oil (MDO)
    • D.5.3. Blending Stocks
    • D.5.4. Intermediate Fuel Oil (IFO)

E. LNG as Bunker Fuel

F. Case Study: Using LPG as a Marine Fuel

  • F.1. Introduction
  • F.2. Applications of LPG
  • F.3. LPG Production
  • F.4. LPG in Shipping & Bunkering
  • F.5. LPG in Medium Speed Engine Market
  • F.6. LPG in Low Speed Engine
  • F.7. Regulatory Framework

G. Case Study: Using Multiphase Superfine Atomized Residue (MSAR) as a Bunker Fuel

H. Global Bunker Fuel Industry: Future Perspective

I. Major Industry Players

  • I.1. Aegean Marine Petroleum Network Inc.
  • I.2. Alliance Oil Trading Pte Ltd
  • I.3. Apex Oil Company
  • I.4. BP Marine Ltd
  • I.5. Brasbunker Participacoes
  • I.6. Brightoil Petroleum Holdings Limited
  • I.7. Chemoil Energy Limited
  • I.8. Chevron Corporation
  • I.9. China Marine Bunker Petrochina Co Ltd
  • I.10. ConocoPhillips
  • I.11. Daelim Corporation
  • I.12. Exxon Mobil Corporation
  • I.13. Hellenic Petroleum S.A.
  • I.14. Houston Fuel Oil Terminal Company
  • I.15. Mitsubishi Corporation
  • I.16. OOO LUKOIL-Bunker
  • I.17. Peninsula Petroleum Limited
  • I.18. Petro Marine Services
  • I.19. Quadrise Fuels International Plc
  • I.20. Royal Dutch Shell Plc
  • I.21. Tesoro Corporation
  • I.22. Total SA
  • I.23. TransMontaigne, Inc
  • I.24. Warner Petroleum Corporation
  • I.25. Westport Petroleum Inc
  • I.26. Wilhelmsen Marine Fuels AS
  • I.27. World Fuel Services Corporation

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Oil Reserves-to-Production Ratios, 2015
  • Figure 2: Distribution of Proved Oil Reserves, 1995, 2005, 2015 (in Percentage)
  • Figure 3: Oil Production by Region, 1990-2015
  • Figure 4: Oil Consumption by Region, 1990-2015
  • Figure 5: Natural Gas Reserves-to-Production Ratios, 2015
  • Figure 6: Distribution of Natural Gas Proved Reserves, 1995, 2005, 2015 (in Percentage)
  • Figure 7: Production of Natural Gas by Region, 1990-2015
  • Figure 8: Consumption of Natural Gas by Region, 1990-2015
  • Figure 9: Control over Production of Remaining Commercial Reserves of Natural Gas
  • Figure 10: Production of Coal by Region, 1990-2015
  • Figure 11: Consumption of Coal by Region, 1990-2015
  • Figure 12: Consumption of Nuclear Energy by Region, 1990-2015
  • Figure 13: Consumption of Hydroelectric Energy by Region, 1990-2015
  • Figure 14: Global Energy Consumption Forecast (2003-2030)
  • Figure 15: Global Energy Consumption Forecast by Fuel Type (1980-2030)
  • Figure 16: Port of Fujairah Bunker Prices, Last 3 Months of 2017
  • Figure 17: Port of Rotterdam Bunker Prices, Last 3 Months of 2017
  • Figure 18: Port of Singapore Bunker Prices, Last 3 Months of 2017
  • Figure 19: Global Emission Controlled Areas as of December 2016
  • Figure 20: Particulate Matter Pollution Overlaid on the World's Major Shipping Routes
  • Figure 21: Change in Sulphur Content in Bunker Fuel (%), 2006-2030
  • Figure 22: MARPOL VI/14 - Sulphur Limits
  • Figure 23: MARPOL Annex VI Regulations and Enforcement of Sulphur Limits with Respective Timelines
  • Figure 24: Oil Tanker Taking on Bunker Fuel
  • Figure 25: Refining Process and Product Streams
  • Figure 26: Crude Oil Input to Refineries by Top 10 Countries (in Mt), 2000-2015
  • Figure 27: Spectrum of Crude Qualities
  • Figure 28: MARPOL Annex VI - SOx Reduction Alternatives including LNG
  • Figure 29: Forecast for Marine Fuel Prices
  • Figure 30: LNG Supply Cost versus Cost of Alternative Fuels
  • Figure 31: Global LNG Production versus LNG Bunker Demand 2012-2025
  • Figure 32: Global Bunker Consumption All Deep Sea Ship Types - LNG Bunker versus HFO, 2012-2025
  • Figure 33: LNG Bunker Price Forecasts (in USD per Ton), 2012-2025
  • Figure 34: Overview of MSAR
  • Figure 35: Properties of Emulsion Fuels
  • Figure 36: Historical Bunker Prices 380cSt
  • Figure 37: MSAR as a Solution in the Bunker Fuel Industry

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Fuel Oils
  • Table 2: Parameters of Marine Distillate Fuels
  • Table 3: Parameters of Marine Residual Fuels
  • Table 4: Specifications for Marine Distillate Fuels
  • Table 5: Specifications for Marine Residual Fuels
  • Table 6: Port of Fujairah Bunker Prices, March 14-28, 2017
  • Table 7: Port of Rotterdam Bunker Prices, March 14-28, 2017
  • Table 8: Port of Singapore Bunker Prices, March 14-28, 2017
  • Table 9: Current and Confirmed Emission Control Areas
  • Table 10: Three Main Options for Compliance and Corresponding Emission Reductions
  • Table 11: Primary Pollutants from the Combustion of Oil and their Major Potential Impacts
  • Table 12: Requirements for Marine Distillate Fuels
  • Table 13: Requirements for Marine Residual Fuels
  • Table 14: Types of Crude Oil Included in OPEC
  • Table 15: Production Yield from a Hydroskimming Refinery
  • Table 16: Production Yield from a Cracking Refinery
  • Table 17: Production Yield from Coking Refineries
  • Table 18: Types of Marine Fuel
  • Table 19: Air Emissions from LNG & Other Marine Fuels
  • Table 20: Characteristics of Butane Gas
  • Table 21: Characteristics of Propane Gas
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