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市場調查報告書

毫米波的新興市場

Millimeter Waves: Emerging Markets

出版商 Thintri, Inc. 商品編碼 234680
出版日期 內容資訊 英文
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毫米波的新興市場 Millimeter Waves: Emerging Markets
出版日期: 2016年08月08日 內容資訊: 英文
簡介

本報告提供毫米波技術的市場趨勢及市場機會調查分析,毫米波技術市場發展的過程,技術、硬體設備概要,相關的政策、規定、規格,主要最終用途,各最終用途市場上技術利用趨勢,硬體設備、系統、零組件銷售趨勢等彙整資料。

第1章 概要

  • 簡介
  • 過程
  • 目前市場
  • 技術的基礎
  • 為什麼是毫米波

第2章 技術&硬體設備

  • 半導體、包裝
  • 傳送線
  • 天線
  • 收發器、接收器
  • 系統
  • 調製

第3章 技術、安全上的課題

  • 技術課題
  • 安全性

第4章 公共政策、法律規章、規格

  • 背景:目前規定環境的發展
  • FCC規則的變更
  • E波段的規定
  • 地方政府的影響
  • 規格

第5章 成像

  • 簡介
  • 成像技術
  • 成像用途
  • 積極 vs 被動式系統
  • 接受相關課題:隱私和公共的理解
  • 競爭:反向散射X光
  • 毫米波成像市場

第6章 通訊

  • 簡介
  • 5G:回程傳輸和小型基地台、模組
  • 有照 vs 「Lightly Licensed」 vs. 無照
  • 23、24、26、39 GHz頻段
  • 60 GHz
  • E波段
  • 競爭技術概要
  • 毫米波通訊市場

第7章 消費者、汽車

  • 簡介
  • 60GHz系統:消費者、家用媒體
  • 汽車雷達

第8章 毫米波雷達:防衛、安全市場

  • 背景
  • 安全、侵入檢測的毫米波雷達
  • 軍用品用途
  • 船用雷達
  • 防衛、情報通訊
  • 主動拒絕系統和非殺傷力武器
  • 防衛、安全系統市場

第9章 其他毫米波市場

  • 商用Ka波段衛星通訊
  • 醫療、健康
  • 化學監測
  • 建設、基礎設施
  • 製造

第10章 毫米波半導體市場

  • 簡介
  • 半導體的進步
  • 消費者取向用途
  • 成像
  • 防衛、安全
  • 通訊
  • 其他的用途

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目錄

‘Millimeter Waves: Emerging Markets’, a new market study that explores the current state of millimeter wave technology and market opportunities for systems operating in the millimeter wave range. This in-depth investigation, the second update to Thintri's original 2010 study, discusses millimeter wave technologies already creating significant markets, emerging market opportunities, and overall market development. The report surveys today's technologies and applications, separates hype from reality and assesses the applications where millimeter wave technology will open up significant new markets, with market forecasts going out to 2023.

Background on Millimeter Wave Systems and Their Markets

Millimeter wave (MMW) radiation, that portion of the electromagnetic spectrum generally defined as 20 GHz to 300 GHz, has gained commercial traction in the past decade or so. Now, evolution in technology and changes in the regulatory environment have expanded opportunities in existing millimeter wave applications and opened new, potentially very large markets.

MMW imaging is established in airport security and markets are rapidly growing in loss prevention, where systems can quickly scan employees leaving a manufacturing facility to prevent theft. New technology will soon dramatically reduce the cost of such imaging systems, allowing their adoption in a much broader range of venues such as courthouses, concerts, stadiums, schools, dance clubs and many others. Systems are even commercially available for retail clothing shoppers to conduct body measurements to determine clothing sizes and recommend appropriate products and brands.

MMW systems are also transforming telecommunications, offering data rates that approach those of fiber. E-band links are quickly capturing markets in backhaul, where they can be deployed quickly and at a small fraction of the cost of laying optical fiber.

Millimeter waves may be the only viable solution to the bandwidth challenges facing today's telecom industry as it transitions to next-generation 5G networks. Some 4G networks are already approaching the theoretical limit on how much data can be squeezed into a given band. Experts predict that by the year 2020, more than 50 billion devices, including tracking tags, body sensors, vehicles, clothing and a broad range of appliances, sensors and other technologies, will be connected to mobile networks. Wireless data transfer volumes will be 1,000 times greater than they are today, with demand for data transfer rates at 10 to 100 times faster than is practical today.

Understand the Markets

The outlook for millimeter wave technology is extraordinarily promising. Steady reductions in hardware cost and progress in system development are dovetailing with growing demand in a number of markets and, in some cases, greatly relaxed regulation, all leading to growth in widely diverse markets. Depending on the market, that growth is already well underway, is starting now, or will start soon. Most importantly, some of the most significant markets, including security and telecommunications, are not only potentially quite large but relatively immune to economic conditions. Other developers are making use of new technologies to bring millimeter wave systems within striking distance of mass markets.

Some emerging markets require little more than education of users in the capability of millimeter wave systems while in others, that case has already been made and equipment sales are growing rapidly. In most areas, technologies have matured to the extent that scientific understanding is not an issue; instead, the principal requirement is bringing prices in line with market demand.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

  • E.1. Introduction
  • E.1. Established Millimeter Wave Markets
  • E.2. Technology & Hardware
  • E.3. Regulation and Public Policy
  • E.4. Imaging
  • E.5. Telecommunications
  • E.6. Consumer Markets
  • E.7. Defense and Security Radar
  • E.8. Other Millimeter Wave Markets
    • E.8.1. VSATs
    • E.8.2. Medicine and Health
    • E.8.3. Chemical Monitoring
    • E.8.4. Construction and Infrastructure
    • E.8.5. Manufacturing

Part 1: Overview

  • 1.1. Introduction
    • Figure 1-1: Primary US Microwave and Millimeter Wave
  • Band Allocations
  • 1.2. History
    • Figure 1-2: Prof. J.C. Bose with his millimeter wave equipment, 1897
  • 1.3. Current Markets
    • 1.3.1. Telecommunications
    • 1.3.2. Radar
  • 1.4. Technology Basics
    • Figure 1-3: Propagation of Millimeter Waves
    • Figure 1-4: Absorption of Millimeter Waves by Atmospheric Oxygen and Water Vapor
    • Figure 1-5: Overall Atmospheric Absorption Mechanisms of Electromagnetic Radiation
  • 1.5. Why Millimeter Waves?

Part 2:Technology and Hardware

  • 2.1. Semiconductors and Packaging
    • 2.1.1. Material Systems: GaAs, GaN, SiGe and CMOS
    • 2.1.2. Packaging: MCM vs. SMT
    • 2.1.3. Devices, Circuits & Components
    • 2.1.4. RF-MEMS Switches
  • 2.2. Transmission Lines
  • 2.3. Antennas
  • 2.4. Transceivers & Receivers
  • 2.5. Systems
  • 2.6. Modulation
    • 2.6.1. Amplitude Shift Keying
    • 2.6.2. Frequency Shift Keying
    • 2.6.3. Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing

Part 3: Technical and Safety Issues

  • 3.1. Technical Issues
  • 3.2. Safety

Part 4: Public Policy, Regulation, and Standards

  • 4.1. Background: Growth of the Current Regulatory Climate
  • 4.2. New FCC Rule Changes
  • 4.3. E-band Regulation
  • 4.4. The Effect of Local Government
  • 4.5. Standards
    • 4.5.1. Low Frequency Options
    • 4.5.2. Higher Frequency Standards
    • 4.5.3. Summary

Part 5: Imaging 52

  • 5.1. Introduction
  • 5.2. Imaging Technology
    • Figure 5-1: Scissors Imaged Through a Closed Container
    • Figure 5-2: Cookies Imaged Through a Closed Container
  • 5.3. Imaging Applications
    • 5.3.1. Checkpoint Security: Airports & Other Public Venues
    • 5.3.2. Inventory Control, Theft Prevention
    • 5.3.3. Through-Wall Imaging
    • 5.3.4. Consumer Retail
  • 5.4. Active vs. Passive Systems
    • 5.4.1. Technical Comparison
    • 5.4.2. Application/Market Comparison
      • Figure 5-3: Checkpoint Security Imaging Market, Active vs Passive System Share
  • 5.5. Issues of Acceptance: Privacy and Public Perception
    • Figure 5-4: Active millimeter wave images
    • Figure 5-5: TSA Chart on Millimeter Wave Scanners
  • 5.6. The Competition: Backscatter X-Ray
  • 5.7. Millimeter Wave Imaging Markets
    • 5.7.1. Market Development
    • 5.7.2. Checkpoint Security Imaging Markets
      • Figure 5-6: Millimeter Wave Imaging Systems Sales in Checkpoint Security, Unit Sales
      • Figure 5-7: Millimeter Wave Imaging Systems Sales in Checkpoint Security, Market Volume
    • 5.7.3. Inventory Control and Loss Prevention Imaging Markets
      • Figure 5-8: Imaging Systems Sales, Loss Prevention, Unit Sales
      • Figure 5-9: Imaging Systems Sales, Loss Prevention, Market Volume
    • 5.7.4. Through-Wall Imaging Markets
      • Figure 5-10: Millimeter Wave Through-Wall Imaging Systems, Market Volume
    • 5.7.5. Consumer Retail Imaging Markets
      • Figure 5-11: Imaging Systems Sales in Consumer Retail, Market Volume
    • 5.7.6. Handheld Systems
      • Figure 5-12: Handheld MMW Imaging System Sales, Unit Sales
      • Figure 5-13: Handheld MMW Imaging System Sales, Market Volume

Part 6: Telecommunications

  • 6.1. Introduction
    • 6.1.1. Conventional Microwave Links
      • Figure 6-1: Conventional Microwave Links, Market Volumes
      • Figure 6-2: Conventional Microwave Links, Unit Sales
      • Figure 6-3: Conventional Microwave Links, Hardware Sales by Component
      • Figure 6-4: Relative Share of Mobile vs. Enterprise Networks, 6-38 GHz, 2016
    • 6.1.2. The advent of Millimeter Wave Systems in Telecommunications
  • 6.2. 5G: Backhaul and the Small Cell Model
  • 6.3. Licensed vs. Lightly Licensed vs. Unlicensed
  • 6.4. The 23, 24, 26 and 39 GHz Bands
    • 6.4.1. 23 and 26 GHz Bands
    • 6.4.2. 24 and 39 GHz Bands
  • 6.5. 60 GHz
    • 6.5.1. 60 GHz Telecommunications Applications
    • 6.5.2. Short Range: WiGig and WirelessHD
    • 6.5.3. Benefits of 60 GHz Technology
  • 6.6. The E-band
    • 6.6.1. Background
    • 6.6.2. Propagation Characteristics
    • 6.6.3. Performance, Reliability and Availability
      • Table 6-1: Five Nines Link Range and Availability for Several Cities
    • 6.6.4. Applications & Users
      • Table 6-2: Frequency vs. Beamwidth at 1 km using a 1 foot diameter antenna
      • Figure 6-5: Beamwidth comparisons for wireless backhaul solutions
    • 6.6.5. E-band Licensing
  • 6.7. The Competitive Technology Landscape
    • Figure 6-6: Telecommunications Backhaul: Shares by Technology
  • 6.8. The Millimeter Wave Telecom Market
    • 6.8.1. Past Market Growth
    • 6.8.2. The Shift to backhaul
    • 6.8.3. WISPs: Fixed Wireless Internet Access
    • 6.8.4. Present and Future Market Growth
      • Figure 6-7: Markets, Millimeter Wave Telecommunications Links, 20 to 38 GHz
      • Figure 6-8: Markets, 20 to 38 GHz, by Component
      • Figure 6-9: Millimeter Wave Systems Markets, Telecom, 60 GHz
      • Figure 6-10: Telecom Systems Markets by Component, 60 GHz
      • Figure 6-11: Millimeter Wave Systems Markets, Telecom, 60 GHz, Unit Sales
      • Figure 6-12: Millimeter Wave Systems Markets, Telecom, E-band
      • Figure 6-13: Telecom Systems Markets by Component, E-band
      • Figure 6-14: Millimeter Wave Systems Markets, Telecom, E-band, Unit Sales
      • Figure 6-15: Millimeter Wave Systems Markets, 60 GHz, by Application
      • Figure 6-16: Millimeter Wave Systems Markets, E-band, by Application
      • Figure 6-17: E-band Enterprise Markets, Government/ Municipalities, General Business
      • Figure 6-18: E-band Enterprise Markets, Healthcare, Education, Misc

Part 7: Consumer & Automotive

  • 7.1. Introduction
  • 7.2. 60 GHz Systems: Consumer & Home Media
    • 7.2.1. Background: 60 GHz in Multimedia
    • 7.2.2. Data Compression
    • 7.2.3. Hardware Considerations
    • 7.2.4. 60 GHz Consumer Media Markets
      • Figure 7-1: Markets for 60 GHz Consumer Multimedia Products
      • Figure 7-2: Markets for 60 GHz Consumer Multimedia Products, Unit Sales
  • 7.3. Automotive Radar
    • 7.3.1. Background: Millimeter Wave Radar
    • 7.3.2. MMW Radar Applied to Transportation
    • 7.3.3. History
      • Figure 7-3: The 1959 Cadillac Cyclone with Radar
    • 7.3.4. MMW Radar Technology
    • 7.3.5. 24 GHz vs. 60 GHz vs. 77 GHz vs. 79 GHz
      • Table 7.1: Assigned Tasks by Band
      • Figure 7-4: Market Share, Auto Radar, 24 GHz vs 77 GHz, Automobiles
      • Figure 7-5: Market Share, Auto Radar, 24 GHz vs 77 GHz, Trucks
    • 7.3.6. Infrastructure and Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communications
    • 7.3.7. Automotive Radar Markets
      • Figure 7-6: Worldwide Unit Sales, Cars and Trucks
      • Figure 7-7: Unit Sales, Radar Systems, Trucks and Automobiles
      • Figure 7-8: Markets for Automotive Radar, 24 GHz and 77 GHz

Part 8: Defense & Security Markets

  • 8.1. Background
  • 8.2. Millimeter Wave Radar for Security and Intrusion Detection
    • 8.2.1. Perimeter and Surveillance Radar
    • 8.2.2. Range Considerations
    • 8.2.3. Technical Considerations
  • 8.3. Munitions Applications
  • 8.4. Marine Radar
  • 8.5. Defense and Intelligence Communications
  • 8.6. Active Denial Systems and Non-Lethal Weapons
  • 8.7. Defense & Security System Markets
    • Figure 8-1: Surveillance/Perimeter Radar, Defense vs Non-Defense, 2016
    • Figure 8-2: Millimeter Wave Surveillance/Perimeter Radar Markets
    • Figure 8-3: Millimeter Wave Munitions Radar Markets
    • Figure 8-4: Marine Radar Millimeter Wave Markets
    • Figure 8-5: Defense & Intelligence Millimeter Wave Communications Markets
    • Figure 8-6: Overall Defense & Security Markets

Part 9: Other Millimeter Wave Markets

  • 9.1. Commercial Ka-band Satellite Communications
    • Figure 9-1: Unit Sales, VSAT Terminals
  • 9.2. Medicine and Health
    • Figure 9-2: Millimeter Wave Markets in Medicine, Health and Safety
  • 9.3. Chemical Monitoring
    • Figure 9-3: Markets for Millimeter Wave Systems in Chemical Monitoring
  • 9.4. Construction & Infrastructure
    • Figure 9-4: Millimeter Wave Systems Markets in Construction and Infrastructure
  • 9.5. Manufacturing
    • Figure 9-5: Millimeter Wave Markets in Manufacturing

Part 10: Millimeter Wave Semiconductor Markets

  • 10.1. Introduction
  • 10.2. The Evolving Semiconductor Landscape
    • Figure 10-1: Overall MMICs by Application, All Frequencies, 2016
    • Figure 10-2: MMIC Sales by Application, Millimeter Wave Only, 2023
  • 10.3. Consumer Applications
    • Figure 10-3: Semiconductor Markets in Car Radar, Multimedia
  • 10.4. Imaging
    • Figure 10-4: Millimeter Wave Semiconductor Markets, Active Imaging Systems
    • Figure 10-5: Millimeter Wave Semiconductor Markets, Passive Imaging Systems
  • 10.5. Defense and Security
    • Figure 10-6: Defense & Security Millimeter Wave Semiconductor Markets
  • 10.6. Telecommunications
    • Figure 10-7: Telecommunications Millimeter Wave Semiconductor Markets
  • 10.7. Other Millimeter Wave Applications
    • Figure 10-8: Semiconductor Markets in Other Millimeter Wave Applications
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