Steam turbines and gas turbines occupy parallel but different market segments. The turbine market will grow at a cagr of 4.4%, due to the continued increase in coal-fired and gas-fired power capacity, industrial expansion in the developing world and tightening AQ controls. China and India are pruning back on new coal-fired plants, but they are not stopping. Turkey, Indonesia and Bangladesh are going large on coal, and the United States is up-grading large chunks of its big coal-fired fleet to supercritical technology. This activity means more, advanced class steam turbines. Developments of gas turbines are expected in China.
- Market estimates and forecasts of sales of steam turbines and gas turbines in $ to 2022.
- About half the population of each type of turbine is used in power generation - half in oil & gas, industry and marine - with aviation using aeroderivative GTs.
- China produces over half the world's steam turbines, with Shanghai Electric, Dongfang and Harbin Electric the global leaders.
- GE and Siemens dominate the GT market, but new threats to their dominance are emerging.
- Production and off-take of GTs have lagged far behind in China, because of the supremacy of coal. This is changing as the country expands its relatively small gas share. Shanghai Electric and Harbin have already bought into GT technology with acquisitions and partnerships.
- Mergers and acquisitions are described and newcomers are flagged.
- There have been significant advances in turbine technologies, with G- and H-class STs and GTs meeting supercritical criteria of higher temperature and pressure. This has eroded the long-held dominance of F-class turbines and G- and H-class turbines are growing their shares.
- To meet energy and environmental conservation targets, efficiency is the dominant criterion for turbines today.
- Unexpectedly, instead of closing down inefficient coal power plants, many US owners have been converting them to supercritical base-load plants with G-or H-class turbines.
- Despite the rise of the advanced G- and H-class turbines, the long established F-class retains popularity among a segment of owners, as a well-established, proven performer, suitable for plants up to 500 MW.
- Aeroderivative turbines have been used for peaking but substantial new improvements in start-up times and ramp rates are making frame turbines more competitive for peaking.
The following companies feature in the report, with separate profiles and as participants in an extensive section detailing mergers, acquisitions and partnerships: GE, Siemens, Alstom, MHPS (Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems), Toshiba, Doosan, Ansaldo Energia, Rolls-Royce, Dresser-Rand, BHEL, Shanghai Electric, Harbin Electric, Dongfang and Hangzhou Electric.
StatPlan reports have been purchased or studies commissioned by Siemens, ABB, BASF, GE, Schneider Electrical, Reinhausen Machinenfabriken, Toshiba, Hitachi, Thyssen, Softbank, Rolls-Royce, Babcock, Nanoelectro and Reuters, among others.
The research for this report was carried out with extensive desk research and reference to StatPlan's own databases, together with interviews conducted with industry executives in the United States, Europe and China.
Table of Contents
1 INTRODUCTION TO TURBINES AND ENGINES
- Steam turbine
- Gas turbines
- Water turbine
- Wind turbine
- Reciprocating engine
- Types of gas turbine
- Heavy duty frame gas turbines (HDGT)
- Industrial frame gas turbine
- Aeroderivative gas turbines
- Types of steam turbine
- Extraction condensing turbine
- Back pressure turbine
- Sizes of steam turbines
- Utility steam turbines
- Industrial steam turbines
2 FRAME AND AERODERIVATIVE GAS TURBINES
- Heavy duty gas turbine (HDGT)
- D to E class
- F class
- G to J class
- The evolution of HDGT shares In North America
- The future for F-class GTs
- Aeroderivative versus frame GTs
3 MARKET SIZE AND MARKET SHARES
- End users
- Market shares
- Steam turbines
- Gas turbines
4 HELE TECHNOLOGY
- Critical pressure
- Supercritical power plants
- Ultra-supercritical power plants
5 STEAM TURBINE MODELS
- Doosan Heavy Industries
- BHEL - Bharat Heavy Electrical Ltd
- Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Compressor Corporation
- Chinese Steam Turbines
- Shanghai Electric Co Ltd
- Harbin Electric Co Ltd
- Dongfang Turbine Company (DTC)
- Hangzhou Steam Turbine Co Ltd
6 GAS TURBINE MODELS
- Ansaldo Energia
- Shanghai Electric Company
7 TURBINE MANUFACTURERS
- MHPS, Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems
- Solar Turbines
- Ansaldo Energia
- Kawasaki Gas Turbines
- Russian Gas Turbines
- UEC United Engine Corporation
- The Chinese companies
- Shanghai Electric Group Co Ltd
- Harbin Electric Co Ltd
- China Dongfang Electric Corporation, DEC
8 MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS
- GE - Alstom
- GE - China Huadian Corporation (CHD)
- Siemens - Rolls-Royce
- Siemens - Dresser-Rand
- Shanghai Electric - Ansaldo Energia
- Doosan - Škoda Power
- Doosan - Ansaldo
- Doosan - ACT
- Harbin Turbine Company (HTC) - United Engine Corporation (UEC)
9 THE CHINESE TURBINE INDUSTRY AND TURBINE MARKET
- Gas turbine developments in China
- Foreign partnerships
- Figure 1: Extraction condensing turbine
- Figure 2: Non-condensing (Back-Pressure) steam turbine
- Figure 3: The evolution in share of D/E, F and G/H/J class gas turbines in North America
- Figure 4: Industry dynamics, E-class to H-class gas turbines > 40 MW
- Figure 5: Proportions of turbine capacity for power generation and mechanical drive, by output capacity in MW
- Figure 6: Gas and steam turbine shares of end-users
- Figure 7: Steam turbine sales by country in units, 2017
- Figure 8: Steam turbine global market shares in units, 2017
- Figure 9: Gas turbine sales by country in units, 2017
- Figure 10: Gas turbine global market shares in units, 2017
- Figure 11: Total coal-fired power plant capacity by age and performance
- Figure 12: Penetration of supercritical technology in power plants
- Figure 13: Annual installed capacity of global coal fired plant capacity
- Figure 14: GE steam turbines
- Figure 15: Mitsubishi steam turbines
- Figure 16: GE GT models
- Figure 17: Siemens GT models
- Figure 18: MHI GT models
- Figure 19: Development of MGPS gas turbine
- Figure 20: Ansaldo GT models
- Table 1: Fuels used by different types of turbine
- Table 2: Comparison between aeroderivative and frame turbine peaking characteristics
- Table 3: Turbine sales in nominal $ million, 2018 to 2022
- Table 4: Doosan Skoda steam turbines
- Table 5: BHEL steam turbines