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市場調查報告書

LPWA (Low Power Wide Area) 網路生態系統 2015-2030年:機會·課題·策略·垂直產業·預測

The LPWA (Low Power Wide Area) Networks Ecosystem: 2017 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies, Industry Verticals & Forecasts

出版商 Signals and Systems Telecom 商品編碼 345104
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 239 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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LPWA (Low Power Wide Area) 網路生態系統 2015-2030年:機會·課題·策略·垂直產業·預測 The LPWA (Low Power Wide Area) Networks Ecosystem: 2017 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies, Industry Verticals & Forecasts
出版日期: 2015年11月12日 內容資訊: 英文 239 Pages
簡介

已經普及到智慧電表、照明管理及停車場管理等所謂的IoT (物聯網) 應用的LPWA網路,預測將對M2M (機器對機器) 及IoT的生態系統帶來莫大的貢獻,服務收益推計到2020年成長到270億美元。

本報告提供LPWA (Low Power Wide Area) 網路的生態系統之相關詳細分析,提供您技術,主要趨勢,市場推動成長因素,市場課題,垂直市場應用,引進的案例研究,法規環境,標準化,市場機會,未來發展藍圖,價值鏈,及生態系統企業簡介與策略等等,並依垂直市場,及地區別彙整2015年到2030年的市場規模預測。

第1章 簡介

第2章 LPWA網路概要

  • M2M 網路及IoT願景
    • M2M技術是什麼?
    • IoT願景
    • M2M & IoT基礎設施
  • 傳統網路技術的限制
  • LPWA網路是什麼?
  • LPWA網路的主要特徵
    • 遠距 & 穩定的流傳
    • 星狀網路的連接形態 (拓撲學)
    • 低資料速度
    • 低電力消耗
    • 電池壽命必要條件
    • 擴充性 (可擴展性)
    • 低價格模組 & 基礎設施
    • 補助功能
  • 市場成長的促進要素
    • 低容許量IoT利用案例的應對
    • 降低成本的可能性
    • 2G的衰退
    • 管理方案 & 指令
    • 來自垂直市場的關心
    • 產業龍頭參與
  • 市場障礙
    • 規格的缺乏
    • 干涉的疑慮
    • 每1連接收益低
    • 整合的複雜

第3章 LPWA網路技術

  • UNB (Ultra Narrow Band)
  • LoRa Alliance
  • Weightless SIG
  • Ingenu's RPMA (Random Phase Multiple Access)
  • 3GPP 技術
  • IEEE 802.11 ah & af
  • LPWA網路的頻譜選擇
  • M2M網路技術競爭

第4章 垂直市場應用,機會及案例研究

  • 農業
    • 精密農業
    • 家畜管理
    • 農業機器監測
  • 資產管理·物流管理
    • 即時資產庫存的維持
    • 供應鏈的能見度
    • 貨櫃 & 商品的追蹤
    • 出貨情形的監測
    • 其他的用途
  • 汽車·運輸
    • 追蹤 & 定位服務
    • 遙控車輛管理
    • 安全性 & 安全
    • 其他的用途
  • 家電·家庭自動化
    • wide區域追蹤
    • 運動 & 健身
    • 智慧家庭 & 智慧型家電
  • 能源·基礎設備
    • 智慧電表
    • 石油與天然氣部門的應用
  • 醫療
    • 醫療 & 健康監測
    • 診斷工具
    • 連網型處方提醒
    • 其他的用途
  • 情報大樓·基礎設施
    • 智慧建築
    • 公共基礎架構管理
    • 停車場管理
    • 照明控制
    • 廢棄物管理
    • 環境監測 & 其他的用途
  • 公共安全,安全及監視
    • 週邊收支管理
    • 連網型安全警報
    • 其他的用途
  • 零售·自動販賣機
    • POS (point of sale) 用途
    • 智慧型消費
    • 智慧庫存補充
    • 其他的用途
  • 其他垂直市場
  • LPWA發展的案例研究

第5章 法規環境

  • 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project)
  • LoRa Alliance
  • Weightless SIG
  • IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
  • Wireless IoT Forum
  • GSMA

第6章 產業藍圖 & 價值鏈

  • 產業藍圖
  • 價值鏈
    • 賦能技術
    • 連接性
    • 服務啟用
    • 垂直解決方案
    • 其他生態系統企業

第7章 主要企業 (83公司)

第8章 市場分析·預測

  • 全球LPWA網路展望
    • LPWA網路連接
    • LPWA網路的IoT業務收益
  • 連接性 vs. 應用服務
    • 連接性收益
    • IoT應用業務收益
  • 垂直市場區分
    • 農業
    • 資產管理 & 物流管理
    • 汽車 & 運輸
    • 家電 & 家庭自動化
    • 能源 & 公共事業
    • 醫療
    • 智慧建築 & 基礎設施
    • 公共安全,安全 & 監視
    • 零售 & 自動販賣機
    • 其他
  • 地區區分
    • 亞太地區
    • 東歐
    • 中東 & 非洲
    • 南美 & 中美
    • 北美
    • 西歐

第9章 結論·策略性建議

  • 為何市場有成長趨勢?
  • 競爭情形:收購,聯盟及整合
  • LPWA網路的許可證頻譜預測
  • SWOT分析:LPWA vs. 競爭技術
  • 地區展望:哪個地區顯示出最高成長可能性?
  • LPWA模組成本的削減
  • 智慧城市基礎設施計劃:促進LPWA網路的發展
  • 手機業者的影響:機會與課題
  • 策略性建議
    • LPWA技術供應商
    • 其他賦能技術供應商
    • 手機業者
    • MVNO & 整合業者
    • IoT平台供應商
    • 系統廠商 & 垂直市場專業公司

圖表清單

目錄

Until recently, most M2M and IoT services have largely relied on licensed cellular, wireline and satellite networks for their wide area connectivity requirements. Cellular networks, in particular, have enjoyed significant success in the arena. However, for many low bandwidth IoT applications, traditional cellular networks are deemed too expensive due excessive power consumption and complex protocols that lower battery life. As a result, a number of LPWA (Low Power Wide Area) alternatives have emerged that specifically seek to address these concerns.

LPWA networks are optimized to provide wide area coverage with minimal power consumption. Typically reliant on unlicensed frequencies, LPWA devices have low data rates, long battery lives and can operate unattended for long periods of time.

Already prevalent in IoT applications such as smart metering, lighting control and parking management, LPWA networks are expected to make a significant contribution to the M2M and IoT ecosystem, with an estimated $27 Billion in service revenue by 2020.

The “LPWA (Low Power Wide Area) Networks Ecosystem: 2015 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies, Industry Verticals & Forecasts” report presents an in-depth assessment of the LPWA networks ecosystem including LPWA technologies, key trends, market drivers, challenges, vertical market applications, deployment case studies, regulatory landscape, standardization, opportunities, future roadmap, value chain, ecosystem player profiles and strategies. The report also presents market size forecasts from 2015 till 2030. The forecasts are segmented for 9 vertical markets and 6 regions.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction

  • 1.1. Executive Summary
  • 1.2. Topics Covered
  • 1.3. Historical Revenue & Forecast Segmentation
  • 1.4. Key Questions Answered
  • 1.5. Key Findings
  • 1.6. Methodology
  • 1.7. Target Audience
  • 1.8. Companies & Organizations Mentioned

Chapter 2: An Overview of LPWA Networks

  • 2.1. M2M Networks & the IoT Vision
    • 2.1.1. What is M2M Technology?
    • 2.1.2. The IoT Vision
    • 2.1.3. M2M & IoT Architecture
  • 2.2. The Limitations of Traditional M2M Networking Technologies
  • 2.3. What are LPWA Networks?
  • 2.4. Key Characteristics of LPWA Networks
    • 2.4.1. Long Range & Strong Propagation
    • 2.4.2. Star Network Topology
    • 2.4.3. Low Data Rates
    • 2.4.4. Low Power Consumption
    • 2.4.5. Battery Life Requirements
    • 2.4.6. Scalability
    • 2.4.7. Low Cost Modules & Infrastructure
    • 2.4.8. Supplementary Features
  • 2.5. Market Growth Drivers
    • 2.5.1. Addressing Low Throughput IoT Use Cases
    • 2.5.2. Cost Saving Potential
    • 2.5.3. Energy Saving: Towards Green IoT Networks
    • 2.5.4. The 2G Sunset
    • 2.5.5. Regulatory Initiatives & Mandates
    • 2.5.6. Interest from Vertical Markets
    • 2.5.7. Commitments by Industry Giants
  • 2.6. Market Barriers
    • 2.6.1. Lack of Standardization
    • 2.6.2. Interference Concerns
    • 2.6.3. Low Revenue per Connection
    • 2.6.4. Integration Complexities

Chapter 3: LPWA Networking Technologies

  • 3.1. UNB (Ultra Narrow Band)
    • 3.1.1. Sigfox
    • 3.1.2. Telensa
  • 3.2. LoRa Alliance
    • 3.2.1. Semtech's LoRA RF Platform
    • 3.2.2. LoRaWAN
    • 3.2.3. Link Labs' Symphony Link
  • 3.3. Weightless SIG
    • 3.3.1. Weightless-W
    • 3.3.2. Weightless-N
    • 3.3.3. Weightless-P
  • 3.4. Ingenu's RPMA (Random Phase Multiple Access)
  • 3.5. 3GPP Technologies
    • 3.5.1. NB-IOT (Narrow Band IOT)
    • 3.5.2. Clean-Slate Approach: New Air Interface
    • 3.5.3. NB-LTE (Narrow Band LTE)
    • 3.5.4. EC-GSM (Extended Coverage GSM)
  • 3.6. IEEE 802.11 ah & af
  • 3.7. Spectrum Options for LPWA Networks
    • 3.7.1. ISM (Industrial, Scientific, and Medical Radio) Bands
    • 3.7.2. TVWS (TV White Spaces)
    • 3.7.3. Licensed Spectrum
  • 3.8. Competing M2M Networking Technologies
    • 3.8.1. Traditional Cellular Networks
      • 3.8.1.1. 2G & 3G
      • 3.8.1.2. LTE
      • 3.8.1.3. 5G
    • 3.8.2. Satellite Communications
    • 3.8.3. Wireline Networks
    • 3.8.4. Short Range Networks
      • 3.8.4.1. WiFi
      • 3.8.4.2. Bluetooth
      • 3.8.4.3. ZigBee
    • 3.8.5. Others

Chapter 4: Vertical Market Applications, Opportunities & Case Studies

  • 4.1. Agriculture
    • 4.1.1. Precision Agriculture
    • 4.1.2. Livestock Management
    • 4.1.3. Agricultural Equipment Monitoring
  • 4.2. Asset Management & Logistics
    • 4.2.1. Maintaining Real-Time Asset Inventories
    • 4.2.2. Supply Chain Visibility
    • 4.2.3. Tracking Containers & Goods
    • 4.2.4. Monitoring of Shipment Conditions
    • 4.2.5. Other Applications
  • 4.3. Automotive & Transportation
    • 4.3.1. Tracking & Location Services
    • 4.3.2. Remote Vehicle Management
    • 4.3.3. Safety & Security
    • 4.3.4. Other Applications
  • 4.4. Consumer Applications & Home Automation
    • 4.4.1. Wide Area Tracking
    • 4.4.2. Sports & Fitness
    • 4.4.3. Smart Homes & Intelligent Appliances
  • 4.5. Energy & Utilities
    • 4.5.1. Smart Metering
    • 4.5.2. Applications in the Oil & Gas Sector
  • 4.6. Healthcare
    • 4.6.1. Health & Wellness Monitoring
    • 4.6.2. Diagnostic Tools
    • 4.6.3. Connected Prescription Reminders
    • 4.6.4. Other Applications
  • 4.7. Intelligent Buildings & Infrastructure
    • 4.7.1. Intelligent Buildings
    • 4.7.2. Public Infrastructure Management
    • 4.7.3. Parking Management
    • 4.7.4. Lighting Control
    • 4.7.5. Waste Management
    • 4.7.6. Environmental Monitoring & Other Applications
  • 4.8. Public Safety, Security & Surveillance
    • 4.8.1. Perimeter Access Control
    • 4.8.2. Connected Security Alarms
    • 4.8.3. Other Applications
  • 4.9. Retail & Vending
    • 4.9.1. POS (Point of Sale) Applications
    • 4.9.2. Intelligent Shopping
    • 4.9.3. Smart Restocking
    • 4.9.4. Other Applications
  • 4.10. Other Verticals
  • 4.11. LPWA Deployment Case Studies
    • 4.11.1. BT: Creating the UK's First IoT Enabled Smart City
    • 4.11.2. Du: Supporting Smart City Initiatives with LPWA Networking
    • 4.11.3. Enevo: Waste Logistics Optimization
    • 4.11.4. Securitas: LPWA Powered Home Security Monitoring
    • 4.11.5. Senet: Optimizing Fuel Delivery with LPWA Networking
    • 4.11.6. Smarteo Water: Enabling Smart Metering with LPWA Networking
    • 4.11.7. Telensa: Smart Parking & Street Lighting
    • 4.11.8. The Things Network: Crowdsouring IoT Networks

Chapter 5: Regulatory Landscape

  • 5.1. 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project)
  • 5.2. LoRa Alliance
  • 5.3. Weightless SIG
  • 5.4. IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
  • 5.5. Wireless IoT Forum
  • 5.6. GSMA

Chapter 6: Industry Roadmap & Value Chain

  • 6.1. Industry Roadmap
    • 6.1.1. 2015 - 2020: Initial Rollouts to Support Smart City Applications
    • 6.1.2. 2020 - 2025: Moving Towards Licensed Spectrum & Technologies
    • 6.1.3. 2025 - 2030 & Beyond: Cannibalizing Legacy Cellular M2M Connections
  • 6.2. Value Chain
    • 6.2.1. Enabling Technology
      • 6.2.1.1. Hardware Providers
      • 6.2.1.2. Software Providers
    • 6.2.2. Connectivity
      • 6.2.2.1. Mobile Operators
      • 6.2.2.2. MVNOs & Aggregators
    • 6.2.3. Service Enablement
      • 6.2.3.1. CDP (Connected Device Platform) Providers
      • 6.2.3.2. Application Platform Providers
    • 6.2.4. Vertical Solutions
      • 6.2.4.1. System Integrators
      • 6.2.4.2. Vertical Market Specialists
    • 6.2.5. Other Ecosystem Players
      • 6.2.5.1. Cloud Platform Providers
      • 6.2.5.2. Big Data & Analytics Specialists
      • 6.2.5.3. Supplementary Service Providers

Chapter 7: Key Market Players

  • 7.1. Accellus Communication Networks
  • 7.2. Actility
  • 7.3. Adeunis RF
  • 7.4. Aerea
  • 7.5. AMBER Wireless
  • 7.6. Arkessa
  • 7.7. Arqiva
  • 7.8. AT&T
  • 7.9. Atim
  • 7.10. Atmel Corporation
  • 7.11. Augtek
  • 7.12. AXSEM
  • 7.13. Bouygues Telecom
  • 7.14. BT Group
  • 7.15. Cellnex Telecom (Abertis Telecom)
  • 7.16. CG-Wireless
  • 7.17. Cisco Systems
  • 7.18. Digi International
  • 7.19. DT (Deutsche Telekom)
  • 7.20. Du (Emirates Integrated Telecommunications Company)
  • 7.21. Elster Group
  • 7.22. Eolane
  • 7.23. Ericsson
  • 7.24. Etisalat Group
  • 7.25. Eutelsat
  • 7.26. FLASHNET
  • 7.27. Helium Systems
  • 7.28. Homerider Systems
  • 7.29. Hope RF (Hope Microelectronics)
  • 7.30. Huawei
  • 7.31. IBM
  • 7.32. IMST
  • 7.33. Ingenu
  • 7.34. Intel Corporation
  • 7.35. Kerlink
  • 7.36. KPN
  • 7.37. Libelium
  • 7.38. Link Labs
  • 7.39. M2COMM (M2 Communication)
  • 7.40. M2M Spectrum Networks
  • 7.41. Microchip Technology
  • 7.42. Multi-Tech Systems
  • 7.43. Nemeus
  • 7.44. Nettrotter
  • 7.45. NNNCo (National Narrowband Network Communications)
  • 7.46. Nokia
  • 7.47. NTT DoCoMo
  • 7.48. Nwave Technologies
  • 7.49. Orange
  • 7.50. OrbiWise
  • 7.51. PicoWAN
  • 7.52. Plextek
  • 7.53. Proximus Group
  • 7.54. Qowiso
  • 7.55. Qualcomm
  • 7.56. Radiocrafts
  • 7.57. Sagemcom
  • 7.58. Samsara Networks
  • 7.59. Samsung Electronics
  • 7.60. Semtech Corporation
  • 7.61. Senet
  • 7.62. Sierra Wireless
  • 7.63. Sigfox
  • 7.64. Silicon Labs (Silicon Laboratories)
  • 7.65. SimpleCell Networks
  • 7.66. Singtel
  • 7.67. SK Telecom
  • 7.68. Stream Technologies
  • 7.69. Swisscom
  • 7.70. Tata Communications
  • 7.71. Tele2
  • 7.72. Telecom Design
  • 7.73. Telecom Italia
  • 7.74. Telefónica
  • 7.75. Telensa
  • 7.76. Telit Communications
  • 7.77. Telkom SA
  • 7.78. Telstra Corporation
  • 7.79. The Things Network
  • 7.80. TI (Texas Instruments)
  • 7.81. U-blox
  • 7.82. Vodafone Group
  • 7.83. WAVIoT

Chapter 8: Market Analysis & Forecasts

  • 8.1. Global Outlook of LPWA Networks
    • 8.1.1. LPWA Network Connections
    • 8.1.2. LPWA Network IoT Service Revenue
  • 8.2. Connectivity vs. Application Services
    • 8.2.1. Connectivity Revenue
    • 8.2.2. IoT Application Service Revenue
  • 8.3. Vertical Market Segmentation
    • 8.3.1. Agriculture
    • 8.3.2. Asset Management & Logistics
    • 8.3.3. Automotive & Transportation
    • 8.3.4. Consumer Applications & Home Automation
    • 8.3.5. Energy & Utilities
    • 8.3.6. Healthcare
    • 8.3.7. Intelligent Buildings & Infrastructure
    • 8.3.8. Public Safety, Security & Surveillance
    • 8.3.9. Retail & Vending
    • 8.3.10. Others
  • 8.4. Regional Segmentation
    • 8.4.1. Asia Pacific
    • 8.4.2. Eastern Europe
    • 8.4.3. Middle East & Africa
    • 8.4.4. Latin & Central America
    • 8.4.5. North America
    • 8.4.6. Western Europe

Chapter 9: Conclusion & Strategic Recommendations

  • 9.1. Why is the Market Poised to Grow?
  • 9.2. Competitive Industry Landscape: Acquisitions, Alliances & Consolidation
  • 9.3. Prospects of Licensed Spectrum for LPWA Networks
  • 9.4. SWOT Analysis: LPWA vs. Competing Technologies
  • 9.5. Geographic Outlook: Which Regions Offer the Highest Growth Potential?
  • 9.6. Reducing LPWA Module Costs
  • 9.7. Smart City Infrastructure Projects: Driving LPWA Network Rollouts
  • 9.8. Impact on Mobile Operators: Opportunities & Challenges
  • 9.9. Strategic Recommendations
    • 9.9.1. LPWA Technology Providers
    • 9.9.2. Other Enabling Technology Providers
    • 9.9.3. Mobile Operators
    • 9.9.4. MVNOs & Aggregators
    • 9.9.5. IoT Platform Providers
    • 9.9.6. System Integrators & Vertical Market Specialists

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: The IoT Vision
  • Figure 2: M2M & IoT Network Architecture
  • Figure 3: Global Wide Area M2M Connections by Technology: 2015 - 2030
  • Figure 4: Telensa's Smart Lighting Solution
  • Figure 5: LoRaWAN Architecture
  • Figure 6: Comparison of Weightless Open LPWA Standards
  • Figure 7: LPWA Networks Industry Roadmap
  • Figure 8: LPWA Networks Value Chain
  • Figure 9: Global LPWA Network Connections: 2015 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 10: Global LPWA Network IoT Service Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 11: Global LPWA Network IoT Service Revenue by Submarket: 2015 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 12: Global LPWA Network Connectivity Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 13: Global LPWA Network IoT Application Service Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 14: Global LPWA Network Connections by Vertical: 2015 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 15: Global LPWA Network IoT Service Revenue by Vertical: 2015 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 16: Global LPWA Network Connections in Agriculture: 2015 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 17: Global LPWA Network IoT Service Revenue in Agriculture: 2015 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 18: Global LPWA Network Connections in Asset Management & Logistics: 2015 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 19: Global LPWA Network IoT Service Revenue in Asset Management & Logistics: 2015 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 20: Global LPWA Network Connections in Automotive & Transportation: 2015 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 21: Global LPWA Network IoT Service Revenue in Automotive & Transportation: 2015 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 22: Global LPWA Network Connections in Consumer Applications & Home Automation: 2015 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 23: Global LPWA Network IoT Service Revenue in Consumer Applications & Home Automation: 2015 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 24: Global LPWA Network Connections in Energy & Utilities: 2015 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 25: Global LPWA Network IoT Service Revenue in Energy & Utilities: 2015 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 26: Global LPWA Network Connections in Healthcare: 2015 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 27: Global LPWA Network IoT Service Revenue in Healthcare: 2015 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 28: Global LPWA Network Connections in Intelligent Buildings & Infrastructure: 2015 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 29: Global LPWA Network IoT Service Revenue in Intelligent Buildings & Infrastructure: 2015 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 30: Global LPWA Network Connections in Public Safety, Security & Surveillance: 2015 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 31: Global LPWA Network IoT Service Revenue in Public Safety, Security & Surveillance: 2015 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 32: Global LPWA Network Connections in Retail & Vending: 2015 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 33: Global LPWA Network IoT Service Revenue in Retail & Vending: 2015 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 34: Global LPWA Network Connections in Other Verticals: 2015 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 35: Global LPWA Network IoT Service Revenue in Other Verticals: 2015 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 36: LPWA Network Connections by Region: 2015 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 37: LPWA Network IoT Service Revenue by Region: 2015 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 38: Asia Pacific LPWA Network Connections: 2015 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 39: Asia Pacific LPWA Network IoT Service Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 40: Eastern Europe LPWA Network Connections: 2015 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 41: Eastern Europe LPWA Network IoT Service Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 42: Middle East & Africa LPWA Network Connections: 2015 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 43: Middle East & Africa LPWA Network IoT Service Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 44: Latin & Central America LPWA Network Connections: 2015 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 45: Latin & Central America LPWA Network IoT Service Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 46: North America LPWA Network Connections: 2015 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 47: North America LPWA Network IoT Service Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 48: Western Europe LPWA Network Connections: 2015 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 49: Western Europe LPWA Network IoT Service Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 50: SWOT Matrix: LPWA vs. Competing M2M Networking Technologies
  • Figure 51: Price Breakdown of an LPWA Module
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