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市場調查報告書

頻譜:自適應無線通訊

Spectrum - Adaptive Wireless Communications

出版商 Practel, Inc. 商品編碼 342252
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 166 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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頻譜:自適應無線通訊 Spectrum - Adaptive Wireless Communications
出版日期: 2015年10月20日 內容資訊: 英文 166 Pages
簡介

本報告提供依照瞬間空間/時間坐標的可利用頻譜自適應的感知無線電/軟體定義無線電 (CR/SDR) 為基礎的現代通訊相關技術分析、各主要先進國的CR/SDR的法規環境概要、CR/SDR標準化流程分析、CR/SDR技術市場概要、TVWS開發概要、FCC與Ofcom等法規環境分析、利用案例,及專利分析等彙整資料。 追隨使成為的

第1章 簡介

第2章 協同效應:軟體定義及感知無線電

  • 概要
  • 目的
  • 定義 (WIF、FCC、ITU)
    • SDR
    • 感知無線電
  • 法規
    • FCC
    • ITU
    • Ofcom
  • 標準化團體的配合措施
    • ITU-R
    • ETSI
    • 3GPP
    • IEEE
    • NASA
  • 設計的問題
  • 特徵
    • 層級
    • 功能:詳細內容
    • 問題
  • SDR的實行
  • 應用
    • 商用
    • 軍事的SDR/CR
    • 公共安全通訊 (PSC)
  • SDR/CR:優點
  • 影響 - CR
    • 各地區差異
  • 市場
    • 環境
    • 成本
    • 不同的展望
    • 市場成長的促進要素:摘要
    • 市場預測
  • 產業
    • Aeronix (SDR Components)
    • Adapt4 (CR)
    • AirNet Communications (SDR 基地台)
    • AirSpan (BS)
    • Airbus DS
    • Alcatel-Lucent (基地台)
    • Analog Devises (晶片、其他)
    • Cambridge Consultants (PHY, 基地台)
    • Carlson Wireless (平台)
    • Coherent Logix (SDR)
    • General Dynamics (SDR)
    • DataSoft (SDR 設計, SW)
    • Datron World Communications (SDR)
    • Digital Receiver Technology (無線模組)
    • Elbit
    • Ettus Research (平台)
    • Etherstack (軟體)
    • Ericsson (BS)
    • Green Hills (軟體)
    • Harris (SDR)
    • Huawei (平台)
    • Intel (平台)
    • Lockheed Martin (SDR)
    • Lyrtech (DSP 、 FPGA 開發解決方案)
    • Motorola Solutions (BS)
    • Nokia Siemens Networks (基地台)
    • Northrup Grumman
    • Objective Interface Systems (軟體)
    • Octasic (SDR)
    • PrismTech (SDR 開發環境)
    • Redline Communications (平台)
    • Rockwell Collins (Radios)
    • Saankhya Labs (晶片組)
    • Spectrum Signal Processing (平台)
    • Thales (Radio)
    • TI (晶片)
    • Vanu (基地台)
    • Xilinx (晶片, SDR 開發套件)
    • xG Technology (CR)
    • ZTE (平台)
  • CR/SDR商業用途:閒置頻譜通訊
    • 概要
    • 定義:TVWS
    • 始祖
    • FCC活動
    • 日本
    • 歐洲及其他各國
    • 生態系統及利用案例
    • WS通訊規格
  • 產業
    • Adaptrum
    • ATDI
    • Aviacomm
    • Carlson Wireless
    • KTS Wireless
    • Metric Systems
    • Neul (Huawei 收購:2014年)
    • Redline Communications
    • Shared Spectrum Company
    • Sinecom
    • Saankhya Labs
    • Spectrum Bridge
    • TI/Azcom
  • 市場
  • 試用、計劃

第3章 結論

附錄I

附錄II

附錄III

圖表

目錄

Wireless communications is under stress due to a rapid growth of traffic volume and limited available spectrum. This tendency necessitates rational utilization of this frequency spectrum, which became the most expensive entity in wireless networking. Meanwhile, multiple industry studies show that available licensed frequency spectrum is extremely underutilized. The relatively low utilization of the licensed spectrum suggests that spectrum scarcity, as perceived today, is largely due to inefficient fixed frequency allocations rather than any physical shortage of spectrum.

The report analyzes modern communications technologies based on Cognitive Radio/Software Defined Radio (CR/SDR) that allow adaptive use of the spectrum in accordance with instantaneous space/time coordinates. The CR technology is heavily dependent upon the SDR technology as radio needs to be configurable according to the prevailing spectrum environment.

Current technologies for dynamic spectrum access largely rely on database-managed approaches. Standards are also emerging that incorporate cognitive elements, where devices can adapt their operating parameters in conjunction with a centralized database. Autonomous cognitive capabilities through sensing techniques at the device level would, where feasible, offer far greater flexibility for future sharing, These emerging techniques could be used within a number of bands across the radio spectrum to deliver different types of wireless service, and could play a role in making more efficient use of spectrum by improving channel throughput within shared operating environments.

Related to CR/SDR standards and markets are subjects of this report research. As an example, one of the first commercial CR/SDR application - TV White Space (TVWS) communications is being discussed. The survey of multiple vendors' portfolios was conducted.

  • 1. The CR/SDR technologies, applications, the industry and markets analyses have been performed to show roots of TVWS communications.
  • 2. TVWS communications origin, properties, regulations, standards and the industry have been analyzed.

The report concludes that development of CR/SDR for WS and particular TVWS communications opens a door to utilization previously unused windows of wireless spectrum saving valuable resources and contributing into growth of the economy.

This report, in particular, provides:

  • CR/SDR-
    • An overview of the regulatory climate for CR/SDR in major developed countries.
    • The analysis of the CR/SDR standardization process
    • An overview CR/SDR technologies specifics
    • The analysis of CR/SDR applications, including military, Public Safety Communications, and commercial
    • The analysis of market drivers from perspective of various industry and users groups
    • Analyses of CR/SDR global market trends, with projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs): 2015- 2019.
    • Market intelligence on SDR based solutions in the commercial, government, and military industry segments.
    • Market geographical specifics
    • Estimate of major market components
    • Information on key suppliers of CR/SDR products and their profiles.
  • TVWS-
    • Overview of TVWS developmental cycles
    • Analysis of the regulatory climate: FCC, Ofcom, other
    • Use cases
    • Standardization: IEEE, ETSI, ECMA, IETF
    • Survey of the industry
    • Marketing considerations
  • Patents Survey-
    • WS communication - related patents identified and information provided (limited to patents approved in 2015).
    • CR - related patents identified and information provided (limited to patents approved in 2015).

The report is written for a wide audience of researches, engineers and managers that are involved in the development and utilization of cognitive radios and related technologies.

Table of Contents

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Traffic Growth
  • 1.2 Price of Spectrum
  • 1.3 Methods
  • 1.4 Working Together
  • 1.5 Scope
  • 1.6 Research Methodology
  • 1.7 Target Audience

2.0 Synergy: Software Defined and Cognitive Radios

  • 2.1 General
  • 2.2 Purpose
  • 2.3 Definitions (WIF, FCC, ITU)
    • 2.3.1 SDR
      • 2.3.1.1 Multi-tiers: SDR
    • 2.3.2 Cognitive Radio
      • 2.3.2.1 Details
  • 2.4 Regulations
    • 2.4.1 FCC
      • 2.4.1.1 Equipment Type
      • 2.4.1.2 Process
      • 2.4.1.3 Application Guide
      • 2.4.1.4 First Approval
    • 2.4.2 ITU
    • 2.4.3 Ofcom
  • 2.5 Standardization Organizations Efforts
    • 2.5.1 ITU-R
    • 2.5.2 ETSI
      • 2.5.2.2 Major Points
    • 2.5.3 3GPP
    • 2.5.4 IEEE
    • 2.5.5 NASA
  • 2.6 Design Issues
  • 2.7 Properties
    • 2.7.1 Layers
    • 2.7.2 Features: Details
      • 2.7.2.1 Versatility
    • 2.7.3 Issues
  • 2.8 SDR Implementations
  • 2.9 Applications
    • 2.9.1 Commercial
    • 2.9.2 SDR/CR in Military
      • 2.9.2.1 SCA
        • 2.9.2.1.1 ESSOR: European Secure SOftware Defined Radio
    • 2.9.3 Public Safety Communications (PSC)
  • 2.10 SDR/CR: Benefits
  • 2.11 Impact - CR
    • 2.11.1 Geographical Differences
  • 2.12 Market
    • 2.12.1 Landscape
      • 2.12.1.1 Factors
    • 2.12.2 Cost
    • 2.12.3 Different Perspective
    • 2.12.4 Market Drivers-Summary
    • 2.12.5 Market Forecast
      • 2.12.5.1 Model Assumptions
      • 2.12.5.2 Estimate
      • 2.12.5.3 Segments
      • 2.12.5.4 Geography
      • 2.12.5.5 Components
  • 2.13 Industry
    • Aeronix (SDR Components)
    • Adapt4 (CR)
    • AirNet Communications (SDR Base Stations)
    • AirSpan (BS)
    • Airbus DS
    • Alcatel-Lucent (Base Stations)
    • Analog Devises (Chipsets)
    • Cambridge Consultants (PHY, Base Station)
    • Carlson Wireless (Platform)
    • Coherent Logix (SDR)
    • General Dynamics (SDR)
    • DataSoft (SDR Design, SW)
    • Datron World Communications (SDR)
    • Digital Receiver Technology (Radio Modules)
    • Elbit
    • Ettus Research (Platform)
    • Etherstack (Software)
    • Ericsson (BS)
    • Green Hills (Software)
    • Harris (SDR)
    • Huawei (Platform)
    • Intel (Platform)
    • Lockheed Martin (SDR)
    • Lyrtech (DSP and FPGA development solutions)
    • Motorola Solutions (BS)
    • Nokia Siemens Networks (Base Station)
    • Northrup Grumman
    • Objective Interface Systems (Software)
    • Octasic (SDR)
    • PrismTech (SDR Development Environment)
    • Redline Communications (Platform)
    • Rockwell Collins (Radios)
    • Saankhya Labs (Chipset)
    • Spectrum Signal Processing (Platforms)
    • Thales (Radio)
    • TI (Chips)
    • Vanu (Base Stations)
    • Xilinx (Chips, SDR Development Kit)
    • xG Technology (CR)
    • ZTE (Platforms)
  • 2.14 CR/SDR Commercial Application: White Spaces Communications
    • 2.14.1 General
    • 2.14.2 Definition: TVWS
    • 2.14.3 Roots
    • 2.14.4 FCC Activity
      • 2.14.4.1 Decision
      • 2.14.4.2 Devices
      • 2.14.4.3 Clarifications
      • 2.14.4.4 Sensing
      • 2.14.4.5 Specifics
        • 2.14.4.5.1 Protection
        • 2.14.4.5.2 Frequencies
        • 2.14.4.5.3 TVWS Database (U.S.)
        • 2.14.4.5.4 Related FCC Decisions
    • 2.14.5 Japan
    • 2.14.6 Europe and Other Countries
    • 2.14.7 Ecosystem and Use Cases
    • 2.14.8 WS Communications Standardization
      • 2.14.8.1 WS Alliance
        • 2.14.8.1.1 Wi-FAR
          • 2.14.8.1.1.1 First TVWS Chipset
        • 2.14.8.1.2 WSAConnect
      • 2.14.8.2 Wireless Innovation Forum (WIF)
      • 2.14.8.3 Cognitive Radio: WS-related IEEE Standards
        • 2.14.8.3.1 IEEE 802.11af - 2013
          • 2.14.8.3.1.1 General: Expectations - Wi-Fi on Steroids
          • 2.14.8.3.1.2 Differences
          • 2.14.8.3.1.3 Benefits
          • 2.14.8.3.1.4 Specifics
          • 2.14.8.3.1.5 Building Blocks
          • 2.14.8.3.1.6 PHY
          • 2.14.8.3.1.7 Prototyping and Trials - 2015
          • 2.14.8.3.1.8 Summary
        • 2.14.8.3.2 IEEE 802.22 - 2011
          • 2.14.8.3.2.1 General
          • 2.14.8.3.2.2 WG 802.22 and FCC
          • 2.14.8.3.2.3 Overview
          • 2.14.8.3.2.4 Physical Layer - Major Characteristics
          • 2.14.8.3.2.5 Cognitive Functions and MAC
        • 2.14.8.3.3 IEEE 802.22.1
        • 2.14.8.3.4 IEEE 802.22.2
        • 2.14.8.3.5 IEEE 802.22a-2014
        • 2.14.8.3.6 P802.22b
        • 2.14.8.3.7 P802.22.3
        • 2.14.8.3.8 Summary-IEEE802.22
        • 2.14.8.3.9 IEEE 802.19 WG
          • 2.14.8.3.9.1 IEEE 802.19.1-2014
        • 2.14.8.3.10 IEEE 802.15.4m-2014
        • 2.14.8.3.11 IEEE SCC 41 - DySpan SCC - WS Related
          • 2.14.8.3.11.1 IEEE 1900.4
          • 2.14.8.3.11.2 P1900.7
      • 2.14.8.4 CogNeA and ECMA Activity
        • 2.14.8.4.1 CogNeA
        • 2.14.8.4.2 ECMA-392-2011
          • 2.14.8.4.2.1 Development
      • 2.14.8.5 IETF-PAWS
      • 2.14.8.6 ETSI
  • 2.15 Industry
    • Adaptrum
    • ATDI
    • Aviacomm
    • Carlson Wireless
    • KTS Wireless
    • Metric Systems
    • Neul (acquired by Huawei in 2014)
    • Redline Communications
    • Shared Spectrum Company
    • Sinecom
    • Saankhya Labs
    • Spectrum Bridge
    • TI/Azcom
  • 2.16 Market
  • 2.17 Trials and Projects

3.0 Conclusions

  • ATTACHMENT I: Detection and Incumbent Protection - TVWS
  • ATTACHMENT II: WS-related Patents
  • ATTACHMENT III: CR-related Patents
  • Figure 1: Global: Mobile Data Traffic Growth (Petabytes/Month)
  • Figure 2: Estimate: Average Mobile Subscriber Use of Data (GB/Month)
  • Figure 3: Estimate: Number of M2M Connections - Global (B)
  • Figure 4: Layers
  • Figure 5: Conceptual View
  • Figure 6: Reconfigurable BS
  • Figure 7: ETSI SDR: Functional Architecture
  • Figure 8: SDR and OSI Reference Model
  • Figure 9: CR - Cell Network
  • Figure 10: PSC Specifics
  • Figure 11: TAM: Global Sales: SDR-based Equipment ($B)
  • Figure 12: SDR/CR Market Segments
  • Figure 13: SDR/CR Market Geography (2015)
  • Figure 14: Spectrum Usage Measurements (from NSF Spectrum Occupancy Measurements
  • Figure 15: TVWS Channels: U.S.
  • Figure 16: UK TVWS- Spectrum
  • Figure 17: Device Interoperability Specification Items
  • Figure 18: Comparison - WRANs
  • Figure 19: Architecture: 802.19.1
  • Figure 20: TVWS Market
  • Table 1: SDR Tiers
  • Table 2: CR Features
  • Table 3: U.S. - PSC Users
  • Table 4: SDR Market Drivers
  • Table 5: TV Channels: WS Frequencies Allowed by FCC
  • Table 6: TV Channels and Fixed TVBDs: U.S.
  • Table 7: Database Status (2015)
  • Table 8: IEEE WS-related Standards: Samples
  • Table 9: Use Cases - P802.22b
  • Table 10: Major Characteristics: IEEE 802.22
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