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市場調查報告書

5G時代的轉變:技術、應用、市場評估

Transition to 5G Era- Technologies, Applications and Markets Assessment

出版商 Practel, Inc. 商品編碼 330374
出版日期 內容資訊 英文
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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5G時代的轉變:技術、應用、市場評估 Transition to 5G Era- Technologies, Applications and Markets Assessment
出版日期: 2015年05月15日 內容資訊: 英文
簡介

目前全球資訊通訊市場上,至今以3G技術為主流,4G技術的市場佔有率是5∼7%左右,不過,產業已經活躍進行5G技術的開發、引進。

本報告提供全球資訊通訊技術 (ICT) 市場現在體驗的變化 - 5G技術的轉變 - 相關分析、5G的特徵,及引進時的主要必要事項、現在/未來的活用狀況預測、今後的技術、市場轉變、主要的使用案例等的相關調查。

第1章 簡介

第2章 貢獻要素

  • 整體情形
  • 5G的時間表(3GPP-ITU)
  • 活動調查

第3章 現狀分析:5G技術

  • 未來展望
  • 有前途的方向性
    • 必要條件
    • 共同的見解
    • 從這裡開始「未來」
  • 課題
  • 使用案例
    • 整體特徵
    • 行動寬頻
    • 汽車
    • 智慧、社會

第4章 軟體定義/感知無線電

  • 5G及CR/SDR
  • 通用無線
  • 專用無線
  • 定義 (WIF, FCC, ITU)
  • 通用性
  • 課題
  • 監督機關、規定
  • 決策
  • 特徵
  • 因素
  • 應用領域
    • 商業活動
    • SDR (軟體定義無線電) 和軍事
  • STRS
  • SDR/CR:使用上的優點
  • 影響度
  • 不同點
  • 市場
    • 環境
    • 結構要素
    • 趨勢
    • 成本
    • 各種見解
    • 推動市場要素
    • 市場預測
  • 產業
    • Aeronix (SDR用零件)
    • AirNet Communications (SDR用基地台)
    • Alcatel-Lucent (基地台)
    • Analog Devices (晶片組)
    • Array Systems Computing (DSP)
    • Cambridge Consultants (Phy, 基地台)
    • Carlson Wireless (平台)
    • Cisco (802.11a)
    • CRT (CR SW)
    • DataSoft (SDR設計,軟體)
    • Etherstack (軟體)
    • Green Hills (軟體)
    • Harris (SDR)
    • Huawei (平台)
    • Intel-Infineon (平台)
    • Mercury Systems (工具套組)
    • Nokia Siemens Networks (基地台)
    • Nutaq
    • PrismTech (SDR開發環境)
    • Rockwell Collins (無線)
    • Spectrum Signal Processing (平台)
    • Thales (無線)
    • TI (晶片組)
    • Wind River (軟體)
    • xG Technology (無線)
    • ZTE (基地台)

第5章 MIMO和5G

  • 歷史沿革
  • 概念:無線通訊的MIMO
    • 主要技術
  • MIMO的種類
  • 5G:MIMO的使用
    • MMIMO:超大型MIMO
  • MIMO的優點

第6章 mmWAVE - 802.11ad的調查

  • 5G及802.11ad
    • 5G頻寬的擴張
    • 5G:壓縮化
  • 目標
  • 一般的情形
  • 60GHz頻寬的使用
    • 頻率待命的分配
    • 氧吸收數量
  • 天線
  • 到60GHz為止的輸出限制
  • 複合效果
  • 晶片技術的進步
    • 課題與努力
    • 模組化
    • 規格
  • 摘要
  • 未來展望:60GHz Wi-Fi
    • 優點與課題
    • WiGig Alliance
    • IEEE 802.11ad - 60 GHz Wi-Fi
  • 產業
    • Beam Networks
    • Blu Wireless
    • Intel
    • Nitero
    • Peraso
    • Samsung
    • Tensorcom
    • Wilocity (2014年被Qualcomm收購)
  • 市場考察
    • 推動市場要素
    • 使用方法的模式
    • 事前的市場預測

第7章 可見光通訊:5G技術

  • 整體情形
    • 推動因素
    • 產業活動
  • VLC的規格的開發
    • The IEEE 802.15.7
    • JEITA (電子情報技術產業協會)
    • Visible Light Communications Consortium (VLCC)
    • Li-Fi Consortium
  • 詳細內容
    • 通訊流通管道
    • 發送器
    • 接收器
    • 主要的特徵
    • 主要課題
  • 企業、組織
    • ECMA
    • ByteLight
    • 卡西歐
    • LVX
    • 中川研究所
    • 日本電氣
    • Oledcomm
    • Omega Project
    • Outstanding Technology
    • PureVLC-PureLi-Fi
    • 瑞薩電子
    • Siemens
    • Supreme Architecture
    • TCL
    • Tamura製作所
  • 主要用途
    • ITS
    • 光無線LAN
    • 醫療
    • 本地化
    • 全城市層級的無線網路
    • 摘要
  • 5G View
    • 電池結構
  • 市場

第8章 結論

圖表一覽

目錄

This report addresses issues related to WICT transition to the 5G era. Though, currently, 4G networking penetrated only not more than 5%-7% of the market on a global scale, the industry is already actively looking for changes and additions necessary to enter the next WICT generation - 5G.

The report provides details on:

  • Major 5G requirements
  • Major characteristics of 5G systems
  • Industry activity
  • Time frame for 5G
  • Associated issues
  • Use cases.

The report shows that 5G communications will be using advances of 4G networking. The main goal of 5G - ubiquitous connectivity between people, machines, and devices based on smart utilization of limited amount of the spectrum - started to materialize already in our time. In connection with this process, the report details four forward-looking technologies. They are:

  • Cognitive Radio/Software Defined Radio (CR/SDR)
  • Massive MIMO
  • 60 GHz Wi-Fi
  • Visible Light Communications (VLC).

All these technologies have a common denominator:

  • Their commercialization is still limited
  • They will allow either economical use of the spectrum, or shift to spectrum windows that were not previously utilized
  • They all are considered by the industry as 5G technologies.

-It is expected that CR/SDR technologies will prevail in mobile communications, making mobile networking much more efficient and economical. Self-adjusted to surrounding spectrum conditions, CR/SDR-based BSs will support multi-standards communications between users equipped with SDR-based mobile units. Major CR/SDR issues, such as excessive power consumption, bulkiness and high cost are expected to be resolved or softened in the 5G era.

The report analyzes the status of the CR/SDR development, technological and marketing features and vendors' profiles.

-Massive MIMO is a cornerstone technology in reaching the 5G target: thousand fold capacity increase in Base Stations by 2020. The massive MIMO concept is based on equipping base stations with hundreds or thousands of antenna elements, which, unlike conventional cellular technology, are operated in a coherent fashion. This can provide unprecedented array gains and a spatial resolution that allows for multi-user MIMO communication to tens or hundreds of user equipment per cell, while maintaining robustness to inter-user interference.

The report addresses the current status of the MIMO technology, their types and benefits.

-60 GHz WI-Fi (802.11d) - One of the directions to extend useable spectrum in the 5G era for mobile and other types of communications will be utilization of huge mmWAVE spectrum, which until now was practically closed to commercial communications. 802.11ad is one of the first international standards that utilize 7- 9 GHz of mmWAVE spectrum. Though still immature, the 802.11ad industry shows all signs of success. The report analyzes this technology, its specifics, applications and markets. It shows that this technology development supports 5G requirements that based on densification and shrinkage of cells.

-VLC is being in development for several years, but is still immature. 5G planners are considering this technology belonging to the 5G era - it opens unutilized previously for communications visible light frequencies bringing unlimited capabilities of so-called attocell BSs and multi-gigabit-per-second transmission. VLC is also combined with lighting and that makes it very cost-attractive. The report details this technology standardization, applications, specific features, industry and market.

The report is written for WICT planners, developers and a wide audience of technical and managerial staff of communications equipment vendors and users.

Table of Contents

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 General
  • 1.2 Planning Wireless Technologies: Generations
  • 1.3 Goal
  • 1.4 Structure
  • 1.5 Research Methodology
  • 1.6 Target Audience

2.0 Contributors

  • 2.1 General
  • 2.2 5G Timetable (3GPP-ITU)
    • 2.2.1 Leaders: 5G Activity
  • 2.3 Activity Survey
    • 2.3.1 METIS 2020
    • 2.3.2 EU Other 5G Projects
    • 2.3.3 Next Generation Mobile Networks (NGMN) Ltd
    • 2.3.4 5G-PPP (5G Public Private Partnership)
    • 2.3.5 4G Americas
    • 2.3.6 GSMA

3.0 Current View: 5G Technologies

  • 3.1 Look into the Future
  • 3.2 Promising Directions
    • 3.2.1 Requirements
    • 3.2.2 Common Views
    • 3.2.3 Future - Starts Today
    • 3.3 Issues
  • 3.4 Use Cases
    • 3.4.1 General -Characteristics
    • 3.4.2 Mobile Broadband
    • 3.4.3 Automotive
    • 3.4.4 Smart Society

4.0 Software Defined and Cognitive Radios

  • 4.1 5G and CR/SDR
  • 4.2 General
  • 4.3 Purpose
  • 4.4 Definition (WIF, FCC, ITU)
  • 4.5 Versatility
  • 4.6 Issues
  • 4.7 Organizations and Regulations
    • 4.7.1 Wireless Innovation Forum Position
    • 4.7.2 FCC
    • 4.7.3 Object Management Group - OMG
    • 4.7.4 ETSI
  • 4.8 Decisions
  • 4.9 Features
  • 4.10 Elements
  • 4.11 Applications
    • 4.11.1 Commercial
    • 4.11.2 SDR and Military
  • 4.12 STRS
  • 4.13 SDR/CR: Applications Benefits
  • 4.14 Impact
  • 4.15 Differences
  • 4.16 Market
    • 4.16.1 Landscape
    • 4.16.2 Components
    • 4.16.3 Trends
    • 4.16.4 Cost
    • 4.16.5 Different Perspective
    • 4.16.6 Drivers
    • 4.16.7 Market Forecast
  • 4.17 Industry
    • Aeronix (SDR Components)
    • AirNet Communications (SDR Base Stations)
    • Alcatel-Lucent (Base Station)
    • Analog Devices (Chipsets)
    • Array Systems Computing (DSP)
    • Cambridge Consultants (Phy, Base Station)
    • Carlson Wireless (Platform)
    • Cisco (802.11a)
    • CRT (CR SW)
    • DataSoft (SDR Design, SW)
    • Etherstack (Software)
    • Green Hills (Software)
    • Harris (SDR)
    • Huawei (Platform)
    • Intel-Infineon (Platform)
    • Mercury Systems (Toolsets)
    • Nokia Siemens Networks (Base Station)
    • Nutaq
    • PrismTech (SDR Development Environment)
    • Rockwell Collins (Radios)
    • Spectrum Signal Processing (Platforms)
    • Thales (Radio)
    • TI (Chips)
    • Wind River (Software)
    • xG Technology (Radio)
    • ZTE (Platforms)

5.0 MIMO and 5G

  • 5.1 History
  • 5.2 Concept: MIMO in Wireless Communications
    • 5.2.1 Major Techniques
  • 5.3 Types of MIMO
  • 5.4 5G - MIMO Specifics
    • 5.4.1 MMIMO - Massive MIMO
  • 5.5 MIMO Benefits

6.0 Exploring mmWAVE - 802.11ad

  • 6.1 5G and 802.11ad
    • 6.1.1 5G Spectrum Extension
    • 6.1.2 5G - Densification
  • 6.2 Goal
  • 6.3 General
  • 6.4 60 GHz Band Spectrum Specifics
    • 6.4.1 Frequencies Allocation
    • 6.4.2 Oxygen Absorption
  • 6.5 Antenna
  • 6.6 Radiation Limiting at 60 GHz
  • 6.7 Combined Effect
  • 6.8 Progress in the Chip Technology
    • 6.8.1 Challenges and Efforts
    • 6.8.2 Modulation
    • 6.8.3 Specifics
  • 6.9 Summary
  • 6.10 Prospectus: 60 GHz Wi-Fi
    • 6.10.1 Benefits and Issues
    • 6.10.2 WiGig Alliance
    • 6.10.3 IEEE 802.11ad - 60 GHz Wi-Fi
  • 6.11 Industry
    • Beam Networks
    • Blu Wireless
    • Intel
    • Nitero
    • Peraso
    • Samsung
    • Tensorcom
    • Wilocity (acquired by Qualcomm in 2014)
  • 6.12 Market Considerations
    • 6.12.1 Market Drivers
    • 6.12.2 Usage Models
    • 6.12.3 Preliminary Market Estimate

7.0 Visible Light Communications - 5G Technology

  • 7.1 General
    • 7.1.1 Drivers
    • 7.1.2 Industry Activity
  • 7.2 VLC Standards Development
    • 7.2.1 The IEEE 802.15.7
    • 7.2.2 Jeita (Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association)
    • 7.2.3 Visible Light Communications Consortium (VLCC)
    • 7.2.4 Li-Fi Consortium
  • 7.3 Details
    • 7.3.1 Communications Channel
    • 7.3.2 Transmitter
    • 7.3.3 Receiver
    • 7.3.4 Major Characteristics
    • 7.3.5 Major Challenges
  • 7.4 Companies and Organizations
    • ECMA
    • ByteLight
    • Casio
    • LVX
    • Nakagawa Laboratories
    • NEC
    • Oledcomm
    • Omega Project
    • Outstanding Technology
    • PureVLC-PureLi-Fi
    • Renesas
    • Siemens
    • Supreme Architecture
    • TCL
    • Tamura
  • 7.5 Major Applications
    • 7.5.1 ITS
    • 7.5.2 Optical Wireless LAN
    • 7.5.3 Healthcare
    • 7.5.4 Localization
    • 7.5.5 City Wide Wireless Network
    • 7.5.6 Summary
  • 7.6 5G View
    • 7.6.1 Cell Structures
  • 7.7 Market

8.0 Conclusions

  • Figure 1: Mobile Generations
  • Figure 2: Time - Mobile Generations
  • Figure 3: ITU-R Schedule for IMT-2020
  • Figure 4: 3GPP - Tentative Timeline - 5G Standardization
  • Figure 5: Current View
  • Figure 6: Spectrum
  • Figure 7: Technologies Directions
  • Figure 8: Use Cases-General
  • Figure 9: Use Cases - Rate of Transmission and Latency
  • Figure 10: SDR and OSI Reference Model
  • Figure 11: SDR - Structure
  • Figure 12: TAM: Global SDR Sales ($B)
  • Figure 13: SDR Market Geography (2015)
  • Figure 14: Major Antenna Configurations
  • Figure 15: MIMO Concept (2x2)
  • Figure 16: Illustration - Beamforming
  • Figure 17: MU-MIMO - Downlink
  • Figure 18: SU-MIMO and MU-MIMO
  • Figure 19: MMIMO
  • Figure 20: Exploring IMT Spectrum
  • Figure 21: 60 GHz Channels
  • Figure 22: 60 GHz Frequencies Plan
  • Figure 23: Spectrum Details
  • Figure 24: Signal Attenuation in 60 GHz Band
  • Figure 25: Absorption Details
  • Figure 26: Bands Features Comparison
  • Figure 27: Planes
  • Figure 28: Usage Cases
  • Figure 29: 802.11ad MAC
  • Figure 30: Summary
  • Figure 31: TAM: 802.11ad Chipsets Sales - Global (Bil. Units)
  • Figure 32: TAM: 802.11ad Chipsets Global Sales ($B)
  • Figure 33: VLC - Comparison
  • Figure 34: Illustration-VLC Channel
  • Figure 35: VLC Market Categories
  • Figure 36: TAM: Global - VLC Technology ($B)
  • Table 1: Major Characteristics
  • Table 2: 5G Use Case Families
  • Table 3: Tiers
  • Table 4: CR Features
  • Table 5: ETSI Documents
  • Table 6: SDR Market Drivers
  • Table 7: SDR Market Segments (Military vs. Commercial)
  • Table 8: MIMO - 3GPP Releases
  • Table 9: MIMO Benefits
  • Table 10: 60 GHz Radio Standardization
  • Table 11: Directivity
  • Table 12: 60 GHz Links Characteristics
  • Table 13: 802.11ad Major Features
  • Table 14: 60 GHz Wi-Fi Usage Cases
  • Table 15: Use Cases
  • Table 16: Devices and Characteristics
  • Table 17: Frequency Plan
  • Table 18: VLC Properties
  • Table 19: VLC, IR and RF Communications ITS Applications Comparison
  • Table 20: Locations Technologies-VLC Place
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