市場調查報告書 - 103579

全球碳市場:2009年

The Global Carbon Market 2009: Trading Thin Air

出版商 Priority Metrics Group
出版日期 2009年10月30日 內容資訊 英文 300+ PAGES (including 75+ tables and charts)
價格
全球碳市場:2009年 The Global Carbon Market 2009: Trading Thin Air
出版日期: 2009年10月30日 內容資訊: 英文 300+ PAGES (including 75+ tables and charts)
簡介

排放量貿易在全球往低碳社會過渡時期發揮了關鍵作用。以京都協議書中各國的承諾作為開端,全球的碳市場正在急速成長中。2005年至2008年間,該市場已從110億美元擴大至1,260億美元。

本報告書內容包括:碳權之技術上及經濟上的潛力、全球碳市場的動向與課題、2004年至2008年的市場規模、至2013年的市場發展預測、地區別價格與排放量貿易制度、法律規章概要、參與該市場之企業簡介,內容綱要摘記如下:

第1章 實施摘要

第2章 碳市場的歷史與定義

  • 碳足跡的定義
  • 排放量
  • 溫室效果
  • 溫室效應氣體排放
  • 2007年的諾貝爾和平獎
  • 京都協議書
  • 刪減目標
  • 京都機制
  • 協議期間(2008年至2012年)
  • 2012年以後的佈局 等等

第3章 市場規模與區隔

  • 京都機制
  • 清潔發展機制
  • 聯合執行
  • 國際排放貿易
  • 能源效率與燃料轉移
  • 廢棄物處理
  • 氯氟烴替代物
  • 水力發電
  • 生物量
  • 可再生能源 等等

第4章 市場的展望與課題

  • 2009年的哥本哈根會議
  • Waxman - Markey 法案
  • 歐洲的排放貿易制度
  • 配額單位
  • Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX)
  • 區域溫室效應氣體的倡議
  • 澳洲的碳市場
  • 日本
  • 加拿大
  • 專案處理
  • 自願OTC市場

第5章 碳市場參與企業

  • 遵循市場的法規
  • 聯合國氣候變動綱要公約(UNFCCC)
  • EU委員會
  • 自願市場的法規
  • 清潔開發機制 等等

第6章 企業簡介

  • 企業資訊
  • 產品與品牌組合
  • 成績
  • 企業新聞
  • 收購與資產剝離
  • 技術革新
  • 今後的展望
  • 人事變動

專門術語解說

圖表

目錄

Table of Contents

Chapter 1-Executive Summary

  • Carbon Trading
  • Compliance Markets
  • Assigned Amount Units (AAUs).
  • European Union Allowances (EUAs)
  • Certified Emission Reductions (CERs)
  • Emission Reduction Units (ERUs)
  • Other Compliance Markets
  • Australia
  • The US Compliance Market
  • Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI)
  • Other North American Initiatives
  • United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen
  • American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 (ACES)
  • Voluntary Markets
  • Chicago Climate Exchange
  • Over the Counter (OTC) Market
  • Carbon Market Participants
  • Regulation
  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
  • Standards Sponsors
  • Suppliers
  • Intermediaries
  • Buyers
  • Other Services
  • Summary

Chapter 2-Carbon Market History and Definitions

  • Carbon Footprint Defined
  • Reducing Carbon Footprint
  • The Greenhouse Effect
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  • 2007 Nobel Peace Prize
  • The Kyoto Protocol
  • Emission Targets
  • Kyoto Mechanisms
  • Commitment Period (2008-2012)
  • The Bali Roadmap-Kyoto post 2012
  • Poznan 2008
  • Carbon Credits vs. Carbon Taxes
  • Cap-and-Trade Criticisms
  • Compliance Markets
  • International Emissions Trading (IET)
  • European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS)
  • Joint Implementation
  • Clean Development Mechanism
  • The New South Wales Greenhouse Gas Abatement Scheme
  • Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI)
  • California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 AB 32
  • Western Climate Initiative
  • Midwestern Regional GHG Reduction Accord (MGGRA)
  • Other State and Provincial Programs
  • Voluntary Markets
  • Chicago Climate Exchange
  • Over the Counter Market
  • Voluntary Emission Reductions (VERs)
  • Government Voluntary Purchasing Programs
  • Japan' s Keidanren Voluntary Action Plan on the Environment
  • Japan' s Voluntary Market
  • Australia' s Greenhouse Challenge Plus
  • EPA Climate Leaders
  • Canadian GHG Clean Start Registry

Chapter 3-Market Size and Segmentation

  • Kyoto Mechanisms
  • Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)
  • Joint Implementation
  • International Emissions Trading (IET)
  • CDM Pipeline
  • JI Pipeline
  • CDM Project Types
  • Energy Efficiency (EE) + Fuel Switching
  • Agro-forestry
  • Reforestation / Afforestation
  • Landfill Gas (LFG)
  • Waste Management
  • Coal Mine Methane (CMM)
  • Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs)
  • Nitrous Oxide
  • Fugitive Emissions
  • Hydropower
  • Wind
  • Biomass
  • JI Project Types
  • Voluntary Carbon Market Projects
  • Renewable Energy
  • Methane
  • Forestry / Land Use
  • Geological Sequestration
  • Other
  • CDM Project Process
  • JI Project Process
  • CDM and JI Buyers
  • CDM Sellers
  • JI Sellers
  • Russia and JI Projects
  • The Voluntary Markets
  • The Voluntary Market in the United States
  • State-level carbon emissions trading schemes
  • California: Global Warming Solutions Act
  • Hawaii: Global Warming Solutions Act of 2007
  • Minnesota: Next Generation Energy Act of 2007
  • New Jersey: Global Warming Response Act
  • Oregon: Global Warming Actions
  • Washington: Mitigating the Impacts of Climate Change
  • Regional Initiatives

Chapter 4-Market Outlook and Issues

  • Copenhagen 2009
  • Waxman-Markey Bill
  • European Union Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS)
  • Assigned Amount Units (AAUs)
  • The Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX)
  • Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative
  • The Australian Carbon Market
  • Japan
  • Canada
  • Project-Based Transactions
  • The Voluntary Over-the-Counter (OTC) Market

Chapter 5-Carbon Market Participants

  • Regulation in the Compliance Markets
  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
  • EU Commission
  • Regulation in the Voluntary Markets
  • Clean Development Mechanism
  • Chicago Climate Exchange Offsets Program
  • The Gold Standard
  • Voluntary Carbon Standard
  • VER+ Standard
  • Climate, Community and Biodiversity Standards
  • Plan Vivo
  • Voluntary Offset Standard
  • Other Standards
  • EPA Climate Leaders Offset Guidance
  • Greenhouse Gas Services Standard
  • Greenhouse Friendly
  • Protocols
  • Offset Provider Certification Programs
  • Green-e Climate
  • Quality Assurance Scheme for Carbon Offsetting
  • 2008 Changes
  • Regulatory Bodies
  • UNFCC Secretariat
  • Clean Development Mechanism Executive Board (CDM EB)
  • JISC
  • Compliance Committee
  • Designated National Authorities
  • Designated Operational Entity
  • Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)
  • Suppliers
  • Project Developers
  • Mandated Installations
  • Financiers
  • Consultants
  • Technology Development Transfer
  • Policy Environment
  • Intermediaries
  • Brokers
  • Traders
  • Exchanges
  • Emerging Market Exchanges
  • Private Sector Financial Companies
  • Buyers
  • Compliance Buyers
  • Voluntary Buyers
  • Other Services
  • Quality Control
  • Legal Advisory Services
  • Information and Analysis
  • Capacity Building
  • Registries

Chapter 6-Company Profiles

  • Corporate Background
  • Product and Brand Portfolio
  • Performance
  • Company News
  • Acquisitions and Divestitures
  • Innovation
  • Outlook
  • Personnel Changes
  • 3Degrees
  • APX Inc
  • Baker & McKenzie
  • Blue Source
  • CantorCO2e
  • Climate Focus
  • Credit Suisse
  • EcoSecurities
  • Equator LLC
  • Evolution Markets
  • Fortis
  • MGM International
  • RNK Capital
  • Sterling Planet
  • TFS Energy
  • TUV SUD

Glossary of Acronyms

List of Figures

  • Figure 1-1. The Kyoto Compliance Market
  • Figure 1-2. CDM Project Categories, as a share of volumes supplied (2008)
  • Figure 1-3. Transaction Values on the Voluntary Carbon Market
  • Figure 1-4. Carbon Market Participants
  • Figure 2-1. Global Carbon Emission Estimates
  • Figure 2-2. The Greenhouse Effect
  • Figure 2-3. Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions-Sources and Activities
  • Figure 2-4. Kyoto Protocol Participation Map
  • Figure 2-5. Regional Shift in Emissions Share
  • Figure 2-6. Joint Implementation Illustration
  • Figure 2-7. Joint Implementation Track 2 Procedure
  • Figure 2-8. CDM Project Cycle
  • Figure 2-9. RGGI Participants and Observers
  • Figure 2-10. Western Climate Initiative Partners and Observers-July 2009
  • Figure 2-11. Reduction Schedule for CCX Members Baseline Through 2010
  • Figure 3-1. Flexible Mechanisms under the Kyoto Protocol
  • Figure 3-2. European Union Linking Directive
  • Figure 3-3. CDM Project Categories, as a share of volumes supplied 2008
  • Figure 3-4. CDM Project Categories, as a share of volumes supplied 2002-2008
  • Figure 3-5. Anaerobic Digester Facility
  • Figure 3-6. CDM and JI Project Comparison 2007
  • Figure 3-7. Offset Credit Sources in the Voluntary Market
  • Figure 3-8. Carbon Sequestration Illustration
  • Figure 3-9. Average Time from Registration Request until Registration
  • Figure 3-10. Joint Implementation Project Process
  • Figure 3-11. Primary CDM and JI Buyers by Country As shares of volumes purchased, 2006 through 2008
  • Figure 3-12. Location of CDM Projects (As a share of volumes supplied) 2008
  • Figure 3-13. Locations of CDM Projects 2002-2008
  • Figure 3-14. Number of JI Projects by Host Country
  • Figure 3-15. Host country for JI projects, number of projects and kERUs
  • Figure 3-16. Location of JI Projects (as a share of volumes supplied) 2003-2007
  • Figure 3-17. Transaction Values on the Voluntary Carbon Market
  • Figure 3-18. Transaction Volume by Type of Buyer, Voluntary OTC Market 2008
  • Figure 3-19. Transaction Volume by Buyer Location, OTC Market 2008
  • Figure 3-20. Transaction Volume by Project Location, OTC 2008
  • Figure 3-21. Volume and Number of Offset Projects by State 2007
  • Figure 3-22. Average Market Prices in US$ 2006-2008
  • Figure 3-23. CCX Price and Volume History 2003-2008
  • Figure 3-24. Project Prices by Project Type, Voluntary OTC Market
  • Figure 3-25. Average Credit Prices by Project Type, OTC 2007 vs. 2008
  • Figure 4-1. Map of Australia and New Zealand
  • Figure 5-1. Growth in Carbon Market 2005-2008
  • Figure 5-2. Players and Institutions in the Carbon Market
  • Figure 5-3. The Regulated Market
  • Figure 5-4. Total CER Project Procedure
  • Figure 5-5. Frequency of Technology Transfer for the Main Host Country As a Percentage of the Projects
  • Figure 5-6. Technology Suppliers Percentage of Projects Involving a Technology Transfer
  • Figure 5-7. Transaction Volume by Type of Buyer-OTC
  • Figure 5-8. Transaction Volume by Type of Buyer-OTC Market 2008

List of Tables

  • Table 1-1. Kyoto Mechanism-AAUs2008-2013
  • Table 1-2. EU ETS Market Volume and Values 2004-2013
  • Table 1-3. Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), CERs 2004-2013
  • Table 1-4. Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), Secondary Market CERs (gCERs) 2004-2013
  • Table 1-5. Joint Implementation (JI)-ERUs 2004-2013
  • Table 1-6. Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) 2008-2013
  • Table 1-7. The Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX) 2004-2013
  • Table 1-8. The Voluntary Over-the-Counter Market (OTC) 2004-2013
  • Table 1-9. Carbon Market Exchanges and Related Products and Services
  • Table 2-1. Top Carbon Emitting Countries and Emissions 2007
  • Table 2-2. Changes in CO2 Emissions, Selected Countries 1992-2007
  • Table 2-3. Relative CO2 Emission from Various Fuels
  • Table 2-4. Countries Included in Annex B to the Kyoto Protocol and Their Emissions Targets 1990 through 2008/2012
  • Table 2-5. Allowance Based EU-ETS Trading Volumes and Values 2006-2008
  • Table 2-6. Kyoto-AAUs Trading Volumes and Values 2008
  • Table 2-7. Compliance Market Values in $M-Project Based 2005-2008
  • Table 2-8. Regulatory Carbon Market Component Summary
  • Table 2-9. RGGI Market Values in $M 2008-2009
  • Table 3-1. CDM Pipeline Detail by Project Type July 1, 2009
  • Table 3-2. Status of CDM projects
  • Table 3-3. JI Pipeline Detail by Project Type July 1, 2009
  • Table 3-4. JI Project Status July 1, 2009
  • Table 3-5. CDM Methodologies and Related Scope
  • Table 3-6. Hydropower CDM Projects July 1, 2009
  • Table 3-7. Wind CDM Projects January 1, 2009
  • Table 3-8. Renewable Energy Project Volumes Sold in OTC; 2007 and 2008
  • Table 3-9. Methane Project Volumes Sold in OTC; 2007 and 2008
  • Table 3-10. Land Based Credits Sold in OTC; 2007 and 2008
  • Table 3-11. Volumes by Other Project Type (ktCO2e) 2007 and 2008
  • Table 3-12. Top Country CER Purchasers
  • Table 3-13. Top 20 Authorized Buyers
  • Table 3-14. Growth in Carbon Market, values in US$M 2004-2008
  • Table 3-15. Annual volumes in MtCO2e 2004-2008
  • Table 4-1. Carbon Market Value in Millions USD 2004-2008
  • Table 4-2. Carbon Market Value in Millions USD 2009-2013
  • Table 4-3. Carbon Market Volumes 2004-2013
  • Table 4-4. EU ETS Market Volume and Values 2004-2013
  • Table 4-5. Kyoto Mechanism-AAUs 2008-2013
  • Table 4-6. The Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX) 2004-2013
  • Table 4-7. Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) 2008-2011
  • Table 4-8. The Australian Carbon Market 2004-2013
  • Table 4-9. Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), CERs 2004-2013
  • Table 4-10. Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), Secondary Market CERs 2004-2013
  • Table 4-11. Joint Implementation (JI)-ERUs 2004-2013
  • Table 4-12. The Voluntary Over-the-Counter Market (OTC) 2004-2013
  • Table 5-1. Voluntary Market Standards
  • Table 5-2. Offset Provider Members of the Chicago Climate Exchange
  • Table 5-3. Offset Aggregator Members of the Chicago Climate Exchange
  • Table 5-4. Offset Aggregator Members of the Chicago Climate Exchange
  • Table 5-5. Carbon Market & Investors Association Brokerage Members
  • Table 5-6. CCX Liquidity Providers
  • Table 5-7. Carbon Market Exchanges and Related Products and Services
  • Table 5-8. Private Sector Financial Companies
  • Table 5-9. Carbon Finance Products
  • Table 5-10. Applicants to Participate in RGGI Auction June 17, 2009
  • Table 5-11. CCX Business Members
  • Table 5-12. CCX Business Members (cont.)
  • Table 5-13. CCX Members-Public Entities
  • Table 5-14. Carbon Market Law Firms
  • Table 5-15. Carbon Market Consultancies
  • Table 5-16. Independent Registries and Registry Infrastructure Providers
  • Table 5-17. Standard and Exchange Specific Registries
  • Table 6-1. Companies Profiled
  • Table 6-2. 3 Degrees Incorporated Profile
  • Table 6-3. APX Incorporated Profile
  • Table 6-4. Baker & McKenzie Profile
  • Table 6-5. Blue Source Profile
  • Table 6-6. CantorCO2e Profile
  • Table 6-7. Climate Focus Profile
  • Table 6-8. Credit Suisse Profile
  • Table 6-9. EcoSecurities Group Profile
  • Table 6-10. Equator LLC Profile
  • Table 6-11. Evolution Markets Profile
  • Table 6-12. Fortis Profile
  • Table 6-13. MGM International Profile
  • Table 6-14. Natsource Profile
  • Table 6-15. RNK Capital LLC Profile
  • Table 6-16. Sterling Planet, Incorporated Profile
  • Table 6-17. Tradition Financial Services/TFS Energy/TFS Green Profile
  • Table 6-18. TUV SUD America Profile
新聞稿

全球碳市場規模於2005年至2008年間,從110億美金成長至1,260億美金

2010年01月26日

日商環球訊息(股)有限公司開始販售由美國市場調查機構Priority Metrics Group,所發行的調查報告「The Global Carbon Market 2009: Trading Thin Air(全球碳市場:2009年)」。

本報告針對碳市場的未來進行重要預測,並對於已經加入該市場的企業,與將來預計加入的企業,指出要如何掌握本身在市場所扮演角色的方法。能同時將綜合分析與大範圍資料彙集於同一報告,是非常難得的。

本報告的重點:

  • 碳排放額度的技術上/經濟上之可能性,以及確實了解市場潛力
  • 2004-2008年之市場規模與成長
  • 2009-2013年之市場規模預測與成長預測
  • 區域別價格制定,交易體制以及交易工具
  • 現行與審議中的法律規範以及規範提案
  • 國際市場、政策、實行情況
  • 加入市場的主要企業檔案
    • 工程開發
    • 金融服務企業
    • 代理商
    • 貿易商
    • 商品交易
    • 最終使用者
    • 品質管理
    • 法務諮詢服務
    • 資訊服務
    • 資訊分析企業

全球碳市場:2009年是由出版商Priority Metrics Group在2009年10月30日所出版的。這份市場調查報告書包含300+ PAGES (including 75+ tables and charts) 價格從美金3950起跳。

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