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市場調查報告書

塊環鏈支援的分散式能源交易

Blockchain-Enabled Distributed Energy Trading

出版商 Navigant Research 商品編碼 372010
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 20 Pages; 4 Tables, Charts & Figures
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塊環鏈支援的分散式能源交易 Blockchain-Enabled Distributed Energy Trading
出版日期: 2016年09月27日 內容資訊: 英文 20 Pages; 4 Tables, Charts & Figures
簡介

作為對 本報告提供能源塊環鏈的許多必要條件相關討論,幾個的實用的建議,P2P交易的促進要素,塊環鏈是支援可交易能源有魅力選擇的理由,案例研究,機會,及塊環鏈技術相關預測的課題等相關分析。

第1章 摘要整理

第2章 可交易能源 (TE) 需要客戶中心的方法

第3章 塊環鏈:細緻的交易基礎設施

  • 塊環鏈的不可缺少的要素
    • 區域
    • 節點
    • minor
    • 權標
    • 智慧契約
    • Oracle
  • 比特幣的脆能源塊環鏈影響
    • 交換和錢包駭侵
    • 聲譽風險

第4章 可交易能源及塊環鏈

  • 受中央管理的可交易能源限制彈性
    • 現有的基礎設施不支持客戶中心的P2P交易

第5章 塊環鏈未充分支持P2P電力交易

  • 能源塊環鏈流程
    • 結構複數的相關利益者
    • 電力權標
    • 智慧契約,律師,及法規當局
    • Oracle替換中央市場功能
    • 能源塊環鏈節點
    • VPP及能源塊環鏈、其他
  • 為數不多的能源塊環鏈試驗
    • Powerpeers
    • RWE EV Recharging
    • Brooklyn Microgrid
    • SolarCoin
  • 存在於新興市場的強力機會

第6章 縮寫、簡稱清單

第7章 目錄

第8章 圖表

第9章 調查範圍、來源、手法、筆記

圖表清單

目錄
Product Code: RB-BLOCK-16

Blockchain is a technology that supports distributed trading-such as the cryptocurrency Bitcoin-which is threatening to disrupt a number of industries. Its name describes what blockchain software does: transactions are stored in virtual blocks, which are connected together in a chain, creating a complete history of all transactions that have ever occurred within a particular network. Potential use cases for blockchain are being developed in many different industries, particularly where it is desirable to accelerate transaction times, remove centralized market control, reduce the cost of performing transactions, and ensure trust between different market participants.

While many use cases have been proposed for the energy industry, the one gaining the most traction at present is peer-to-peer (P2P) power trading, where owners of small-scale generation can sell excess generation direct to other consumers. Today, centralized control of distributed energy resources (DER) restricts to whom and when DER owners can sell their energy back to the grid. A blockchain-enabled P2P model allows much greater flexibility and could be a powerful enabler for truly customer-centric transactive energy. The earliest adopters of blockchain will likely not be utilities, but other stakeholders. Currently, those leading the research into blockchain are the owners of DER and startups seeking to sell directly to them.

This Navigant Research report discusses the many specific requirements of an energy blockchain and provides several practical recommendations to the industry. The study offers an analysis of the drivers for P2P trading and discusses why blockchain is an attractive option to support transactive energy. It also includes discussion of case studies, opportunities, and implementation challenges associated with blockchain technology.

Key Questions Addressed:

  • What are the market drivers for peer-to-peer (P2P) energy trading?
  • Why is blockchain an attractive option to support P2P trading?
  • What are the specific requirements of an energy blockchain?
  • What are the barriers to the adoption of blockchain?
  • Where are current blockchain proofs of concept occurring?
  • When should the industry start planning for blockchain?

Who needs this report?

  • Distributed energy resources (DER) owners and manufacturers
  • Blockchain developers
  • Smart grid hardware and software providers
  • Utilities
  • Regulators
  • Energy consultants
  • Renewable energy advocates
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

2. Transactive Energy Needs a Customer-Centric Approach

3. Blockchain: A Granular Trading Infrastructure

  • 3.1. Essential Elements of the Blockchain
    • 3.1.1. Blocks
    • 3.1.2. Nodes
    • 3.1.3. Miners
    • 3.1.4. Tokens
    • 3.1.5. Smart Contracts
    • 3.1.6. Oracles
  • 3.2. Bitcoin Frailties Have Implications for an Energy Blockchain
    • 3.2.1. Exchange- and Wallet-Hacking
    • 3.2.2. Reputational Risk

4. Transactive Energy and Blockchain

  • 4.1. Centrally Managed Transactive Energy Restricts Flexibility
    • 4.1.1. Existing Infrastructure Does Not Support Customer-Centric P2P Trading

5. Blockchain Does Not Fully Support P2P Power Trading

  • 5.1. The Energy Blockchain Process
    • 5.1.1. Account for Multiple Stakeholders
    • 5.1.2. Time Complicates Power Transactions
    • 5.1.3. Power Tokens
    • 5.1.4. Smart Contracts, Lawyers, and Regulators
    • 5.1.5. Oracles Replace Central Market Function
    • 5.1.6. Energy Blockchain Nodes
    • 5.1.7. VPPs and the Energy Blockchain
  • 5.2. There Are Few Energy Blockchain Trials
    • 5.2.1. Powerpeers
    • 5.2.2. RWE EV Recharging
    • 5.2.3. Brooklyn Microgrid
    • 5.2.4. SolarCoin
  • 5.3. Strong Opportunities Lie in Developing Markets

6. Conclusions and Recommendations

  • 6.1. Start Planning for the Blockchain Now
  • 6.2. Security Is Paramount
  • 6.3. Do Not Underestimate the Legal Implications
  • 6.4. This Is a Leap of Faith: Do Not Do It Alone
  • 6.5. Vendors Could Look beyond Their Traditional Markets

List of Charts and Figures

  • The Energy Cloud
  • The Blockchain
  • Energy Blockchain Oracle
  • P2P Power Trading with the Energy Blockchain
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