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市場調查報告書

汽車和電力網的融合 (VGI:Vehicle Grid Integration):需量反應、頻率調整、微電網、虛擬發電廠、再生能源整合的引進VGI(2015年第一季)

Vehicle Grid Integration: VGI Applications for Demand Response, Frequency Regulation, Microgrids, Virtual Power Plants and Renewable Energy Integration

出版商 Navigant Research 商品編碼 325539
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 91 Pages; 64 Tables, Charts & Figures
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汽車和電力網的融合 (VGI:Vehicle Grid Integration):需量反應、頻率調整、微電網、虛擬發電廠、再生能源整合的引進VGI(2015年第一季) Vehicle Grid Integration: VGI Applications for Demand Response, Frequency Regulation, Microgrids, Virtual Power Plants and Renewable Energy Integration
出版日期: 2015年03月05日 內容資訊: 英文 91 Pages; 64 Tables, Charts & Figures
簡介

2014年的全球插電式混合型汽車 (PEV) 銷售台數超越32萬台,VGI (Vehicle Grid Integration) 技術的前導測試的頻率也擴大。PEV參加VGI服務,積極情境下,預計至2024年電力網將供給全球約4.2GW的電力。

本報告提供汽車和電力網融合 (VGI:Vehicle Grid Integration) 的各種技術的市場機會相關調查、市場成長的各種影響因素分析、相關法律、各種倡議及計劃、技術趨勢及課題、設備容量及設備的收益的預測、主要的進入經營者和簡介等彙整資料。

第1章 摘要整理

  • 簡介
  • 市場演進
  • 市場預測

第2章 市場課題

  • 定義、範圍
  • 簡介
  • VGI市場
    • 統一控制市場 v 自由化市場
    • 蓄電
    • 配套服務
      • 頻率法規
      • P4P (Pay-for-Performance)
    • DR
    • 虛擬發電廠、微電網
  • 市場上的障礙
  • 市場促進因素
    • 風力發電
    • 太陽能光電發電
  • 進入經營者
    • 汽車廠商
    • 車隊經營者
    • 公共事業經營者
    • 整合業者
    • 採用者
  • 地區市場
    • 北美
    • 歐洲
    • 亞太地區
      • 日本
      • 韓國
      • 印度
      • 中國
  • 案例研究
    • BMW i ChargeForward
    • Clinton Global Initiative校車計劃
    • Grid on Wheels
    • 美國DOD V2G示範
    • SPIDERS
    • MeRegio Mobil
    • Zem2All Malaga
    • Maui Smart Grid示範計劃
    • EDISON計劃
    • Fiat-Chrysler V2G示範

第3章 技術課題

  • 技術
  • PEV
    • LD PEV
    • MHD PEV
  • 通訊
    • 智慧充電管理系統
    • 公共事業指令
    • 資料分析
  • 雙向電力流通
    • AC V2G
    • DC V2G
    • 汽車用電池的影響
    • 公共事業的升級
  • 規格

第4章 主要進入經營者

  • 簡介
  • 汽車技術
    • AC Propulsion
    • AutoPort
    • BMW
    • Daimler
    • EVI
    • EVAOS
    • Fiat-Chrysler
    • Ford
    • GM
    • 本田汽車
    • LUXGEN Motor
    • 三菱汽車
    • 日產
    • Phoenix Motorcars
    • REV Technologies
    • Smith Electric Vehicles
    • VIA Motors
  • 基礎設施技術
    • AeroVironment
    • Coritech Services
    • Denso
    • EMotorWerks
    • 日立
    • Ideal Power
    • National Renewable Energy Laboratory
    • NextEnergy
    • Nichicon
    • Princeton Power
  • 智慧電網通訊
    • Akuacom
    • AutoGrid
    • CrossChasm
    • EVGrid
    • Greenlots
    • Kisensum
    • LBNL
    • PNNL
  • 能源供應商
    • 卡西歐
    • Con Edison
    • NRG Energy
    • PG&E
    • PJM
    • SCE
    • University of Delaware
    • 美國DOD
  • 其他進入經營者

第5章 市場預測

  • 預測手法
  • 車輛
  • VGI設備容量
    • V1G的設備容量
    • V2G的設備容量
  • 收益預測
    • 設備的引進
      • 基礎設施引進
      • 汽車引進
    • 電網服務
  • 總論、建議

第6章 企業名錄

第7章 用語

第8章 目錄

第9章 圖表

第10章 調查範圍、資訊來源、調查手法、註記

圖表

目錄
Product Code: VGI-15

VGI Applications for Demand Response, Frequency Regulation, Microgrids, Virtual Power Plants, and Renewable Energy Integration

Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) available today can help grid operators manage the grid-though few in use do. This is not too much of a problem now, but as more PEVs populate roads, utilities are likely to become increasingly concerned with managing and making use of these mobile assets. Today's PEVs represent a significant increase in electricity demand that, if unmanaged, could cause problems with distribution-level transformers and could drastically increase demand during peak hours when PEV owners return from work and plug in their vehicles. The effect would force utilities to make upgrades to distribution networks that would likely be passed on in the form of higher rates to consumers.

Conversely, PEVs also represent an increase in load that could be used to capture renewable electricity generation and help balance generation with demand, theoretically making electricity marginally cheaper and cleaner. Vehicle grid integration (VGI) technologies, which have been in development since before the Volt and LEAF were first sold in the Unites States, are designed to accomplish this purpose. Now that the market for PEVs has begun to firm with global sales surpassing 320,000 in 2014, pilots testing VGI technologies are emerging with greater frequency. According to Navigant Research, PEVs participating in VGI services are expected to provide nearly 4.2 GW of power to grids globally by 2024 under an aggressive scenario.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the market opportunity for VGI technologies to be used to support grid reliability and stability. The study considers various policy factors associated with the growth of VGI, as well as significant market drivers and barriers. Global market forecasts for V2X-enabled PEVs and VGI capacity and revenue, segmented by region, category, and scenario, extend through 2024. The report also examines the major VGI technologies and case studies and profiles key market participants.

Key Questions Addressed:

  • What challenges may hinder the widespread commercialization of vehicle grid integration (VGI) technologies?
  • Which regulatory structures and grid services markets are best suited for VGI technologies?
  • Which regional markets are the best near-term opportunities and which are likely long-term opportunities?
  • What key factors influence VGI opportunities?
  • What costs are associated with both alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC) VGI systems?
  • How will the market for VGI technologies evolve to allow individually owned plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) to participate?

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

  • 1.1. Introduction
  • 1.2. Market Evolution
  • 1.3. Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues

  • 2.1. Definition and Scope
  • 2.2. Introduction
  • 2.3. VGI Markets
    • 2.3.1. Regulated versus Deregulated Markets
    • 2.3.2. Energy Storage
    • 2.3.3. Ancillary Services
      • 2.3.3.1. Frequency Regulation
      • 2.3.3.2. Pay-for-Performance
    • 2.3.4. DR
    • 2.3.5. Virtual Power Plants and Microgrids
  • 2.4. Market Barriers
  • 2.5. Market Drivers
    • 2.5.1. Wind
    • 2.5.2. Solar
  • 2.6. Market Participants
    • 2.6.1. Automakers
    • 2.6.2. Fleets
      • 2.6.2.1. Military Fleets
      • 2.6.2.2. Utility, Cable, and Communications Service Fleets
      • 2.6.2.3. Other Fleets
    • 2.6.3. Utilities
    • 2.6.4. Aggregators
    • 2.6.5. Employers
  • 2.7. Regional Markets
    • 2.7.1. North America
    • 2.7.2. Europe
    • 2.7.3. Asia Pacific
      • 2.7.3.1. Japan
      • 2.7.3.2. South Korea
      • 2.7.3.3. India
      • 2.7.3.4. China
  • 2.8. Case Studies
    • 2.8.1. BMW i ChargeForward
    • 2.8.2. Clinton Global Initiative School Bus Project
    • 2.8.3. Grid on Wheels
    • 2.8.4. U.S. DOD V2G Demonstrations
    • 2.8.5. SPIDERS
    • 2.8.6. MeRegio Mobil
    • 2.8.7. Zem2All Malaga
    • 2.8.8. Maui Smart Grid Demonstration Project
    • 2.8.9. EDISON Project
    • 2.8.10. Fiat-Chrysler V2G Demonstrations

3. Technology Issues

  • 3.1. Technologies
  • 3.2. PEVs
    • 3.2.1. LD PEVs
    • 3.2.2. MHD PEVs
  • 3.3. Communications
    • 3.3.1. Smart Charging Management Systems
    • 3.3.2. Utility Commands
    • 3.3.3. Data Analytics
  • 3.4. Bidirectional Power Delivery
    • 3.4.1. AC V2G
    • 3.4.2. DC V2G
    • 3.4.3. Impact on Vehicle Batteries
    • 3.4.4. Utility Upgrades
  • 3.5. Standards

4. Key Industry Players

  • 4.1. Introduction
  • 4.2. Vehicle Technologies
    • 4.2.1. AC Propulsion
    • 4.2.2. AutoPort
    • 4.2.3. BMW
    • 4.2.4. Daimler
    • 4.2.5. EVI
    • 4.2.6. EVAOS
    • 4.2.7. Fiat-Chrysler
    • 4.2.8. Ford
    • 4.2.9. GM
    • 4.2.10. Honda
    • 4.2.11. LUXGEN Motor
    • 4.2.12. Mitsubishi Motors
    • 4.2.13. Nissan
    • 4.2.14. Phoenix Motorcars
    • 4.2.15. REV Technologies
    • 4.2.16. Smith Electric Vehicles
    • 4.2.17. VIA Motors
  • 4.3. Infrastructure Technologies
    • 4.3.1. AeroVironment
    • 4.3.2. Coritech Services
    • 4.3.3. DENSO
    • 4.3.4. EMotorWerks
    • 4.3.5. Hitachi
    • 4.3.6. Ideal Power
    • 4.3.7. National Renewable Energy Laboratory
    • 4.3.8. NextEnergy
    • 4.3.9. Nichicon
    • 4.3.10. Princeton Power
  • 4.4. Smart Grid Communications
    • 4.4.1. Akuacom
    • 4.4.2. AutoGrid
    • 4.4.3. CrossChasm
    • 4.4.4. EVGrid
    • 4.4.5. Greenlots
    • 4.4.6. Kisensum
    • 4.4.7. LBNL
    • 4.4.8. PNNL
  • 4.5. Energy Providers
    • 4.5.1. CAISO
    • 4.5.2. Con Edison
    • 4.5.3. NRG Energy
    • 4.5.4. PG&E
    • 4.5.5. PJM
    • 4.5.6. SCE
    • 4.5.7. University of Delaware
    • 4.5.8. U.S. DOD
  • 4.6. Other Industry Participants

5. Market Forecasts

  • 5.1. Forecast Methodology
  • 5.2. Vehicles
  • 5.3. VGI Capacity
    • 5.3.1. V1G Capacity
    • 5.3.2. V2G Capacity
  • 5.4. Revenue Forecasts
    • 5.4.1. Equipment Installations
      • 5.4.1.1. Infrastructure Installations
      • 5.4.1.2. Vehicle Installations
    • 5.4.2. Grid Services
  • 5.5. Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory

7. Acronym and Abbreviation List

8. Table of Contents

9. Table of Charts and Figures

10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • 1. VGI Installed Capacity by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 2. V2X-Enabled PEV Sales by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 3. V2X-Enabled PEV Sales by Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 4. VGI Capacity by Segment, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 5. VGI Capacity as Percentage of Total PEV Load by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 6. V1G Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 7. V2G Installed Capacity by Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 8. V2G Installed Capacity by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 9. V2X System Installation Revenue by Segment, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 10. V2X System Installation Revenue by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 11. V2X Vehicle Equipment Installation Revenue by Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 12. V2X Vehicle Equipment Installation Revenue by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 13. VGI Grid Services Revenue by Segment, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 14. VGI Grid Services Revenue by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 15. V2X-Enabled PEVs in Use by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 16. V2X-Enabled PEV Sales by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 17. V2X-Enabled PEVs in Use by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 18. V2G Capacity Additions by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 19. V2G Capacity Additions by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 20. V2G Installed Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 21. V2G Grid Services Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 22. V2X System Installation Revenue by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 23. LA AFB Bid, Charging Instruction, and Electricity Flow Chart
  • 24. U.S. States with Deregulated Electricity Markets
  • 25. The European Grid's Five Synchronous Areas

List of Tables

  • 1. Comparison of Battery Utility for Grid Services
  • 2. Other Industry Participants
  • 3. LD PEVs in Use by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 4. Fleet LD PEVs in Use by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 5. Fleet MHD PEVs in Use by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 6. Total EVSE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 7. Cumulative EVSE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 8. Total Workplace EVSE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 9. Cumulative Workplace EVSE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 10. Total Residential EVSE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 11. Cumulative Residential EVSE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 12. V2X-Enabled PEV Sales by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 13. V2X-Enabled PEVs in Use by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 14. V2X-Enabled PEV Sales by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 15. V2X-Enabled PEVs in Use by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 16. PEV Load by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 17. VGI Installed Capacity by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 18. VGI Installed Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 19. V2G Capacity Additions by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 20. V2G Installed Capacity by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 21. V2G Capacity Additions by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 22. V2G Installed Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 23. V1G Installed Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 24. V1G Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 25. Commercial Sector V1G Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 26. Commercial Sector V1G Installed Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 27. Residential V1G Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 28. Residential V1G Installed Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 29. Dynamic V1G Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 30. Dynamic V1G Installed Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 31. V2X System Installation Revenue by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 32. V2X System Installation Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 33. V2X Infrastructure Installation Revenue by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 34. V2X Infrastructure Installation Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 35. V2X Vehicle Equipment Installation Revenue by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 36. V2X Vehicle Equipment Installation Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 37. V2G Grid Services Revenue by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 38. V2G Grid Services Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 39. V1G Grid Services Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
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