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市場調查報告書

零能源大樓:全球市場的分析與預測

Zero Energy Buildings - Energy Efficient Products and Services for Net Zero Energy and Nearly Zero Energy Commercial and Residential Buildings: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

出版商 Navigant Research 商品編碼 312867
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 107 Pages; 64 Tables, Charts & Figures
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零能源大樓:全球市場的分析與預測 Zero Energy Buildings - Energy Efficient Products and Services for Net Zero Energy and Nearly Zero Energy Commercial and Residential Buildings: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts
出版日期: 2014年09月04日 內容資訊: 英文 107 Pages; 64 Tables, Charts & Figures
簡介

所謂零能源大樓(ZEB)是指大樓內所使用的所有能源,皆可在區內藉由再生能源取得的大樓,由於其為提升能源效率而活用各種技術讓碳足跡最小化,而受到各方的注目。目前全球各地許多先導計畫發展中,同時也在開發商業用及住宅用等各種類型之ZEB(零售店,辦公室,教育機關,行政機關等)。在節能的期待下,EU的Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD)及美國加州建築條例等各國政府及自治團體之強化法規的動向,是推動ZEB普及的要因。同時,ZEB的定義尚未定案,仍有缺乏單一的標準團體、或是闡明ZEB理想型態的體制這個課題,一般認為目前市場擴大步調將會減緩。

本報告以照明,外壁和屋頂,玻璃,冷暖氣空調(HVAC)系統,再生能源,軟體成本的各領域為焦點,來分析全球的ZEB市場,分析特定地區固有的問題及全球市場整體相關問題分析,同時也網羅到2035年前的預測等。

第1章 摘要整理

  • 簡介
  • 概要
  • 市場主要趨勢
  • 全球市場的規模與預測

第2章 市場課題

  • 簡介
  • ZEB定義
  • 成長推動因素
  • 成長阻礙因素

第3章 地區市場分析

  • 各地區市場概要
  • 北美
    • 美聯邦政府
    • 加州
    • 麻薩諸塞州
    • 加拿大
  • 歐洲
    • EU的政策
    • 英國
    • 法國
    • 德國
  • 亞太地區
    • 日本
    • 新加坡
    • 中國
    • 其他的國家
  • 南美
  • 中東
  • 非洲

第4章 技術方面的課題

  • 技術概要
  • 位置及其背景
    • 整合化的設計
    • 大樓的設計
    • 大樓的能源建模
    • 建地的問題
    • 再生能源可用性的計算
    • 地基整體整合
    • 微電網及奈米電網和ZEB
  • 建築外部
    • 牆體保溫與建築圍護結構
    • 窗戶和玻璃
    • 蓄熱(度)和ZEB
    • 屋頂和ZEB
  • 與能源效率整合化的設計
    • 冷暖氣空調系統
    • 能源效率高的照明
    • 採光和窗戶比
    • 供給熱水
    • 直流電力
  • 插頭負擔
    • 能源效率高的電器標準
    • 智慧家電
    • 電動車的整合
  • 大樓能源管理
    • 大樓管理
    • BEMS
    • 連續的性能驗證
  • 再生能源
    • 太陽能發電
    • 太陽能系統
    • 生質能和熱電聯產(CHP)系統
    • 燃料電池
    • 能源儲存技術
  • 網絡零水

第5章 相關產業的主要企業

  • 概要
  • 不動產,建築·土木·建築(AEC),軟體企業
    • Autodesk
    • CBRE
    • DPR Construction
    • Hines
    • JLL
    • Masdar
    • Meritage Homes
  • 高能源效率設備的相關企業
    • Altura Associates
    • Big Ass Solutions
    • Building Robotics
    • DAIKIN INDUSTRIES
    • Honeywell
    • Schneider Electric
    • Siemens Building Technologies
    • SunPower
    • View Inc.

第6章 市場預測

  • 概要
    • 產品和服務的區分
  • 全球市場的展望
  • 北美
  • 歐洲
  • 亞太地區
  • 中東
  • 其他的地區
  • 結論與建議

第7章 企業手冊

第8章 縮寫和簡稱

第9章 目錄

第10章 圖表

第11章 調查範圍,資料,調查方法,註記

目錄
Product Code: ZEB-14

Energy Efficient Products and Services for Net Zero Energy and Nearly Zero Energy Commercial and Residential Buildings: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

Zero energy building (ZEB) solutions are being pursued by governments, corporations, and individuals to minimize the carbon footprint of their buildings. A ZEB uses as much energy over the course of the year as it generates from onsite renewables. Also called net zero energy buildings and, in the European Union (EU), nearly zero energy buildings (nZEBs), ZEBs bring together existing energy efficient technologies to form a high-performance building. Today, hundreds of pilot ZEBs, encompassing commercial and residential buildings of all types (retail, office, educational, government, etc.), are being developed, many as pilot projects to showcase technology.

While several pilots are trying to prove the investment savings in lower energy bills, a stronger driver for the adoption of ZEBs is regulation. Policies like the EU's Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) and California's evolving Title 24 building code are forcing ZEB markets to come into place for new commercial, new residential, and retrofitted commercial space. One notable challenge is the variety of definitions of a ZEB and the lack of a single standards body to identify what success looks like. Although the global outlook for ZEBs is strong, the market will start slowly. According to Navigant Research, global ZEB revenue is expected to grow from $629.3 million in 2014 to $1.4 trillion by 2035.

This Navigant Research report defines and analyzes the global market for ZEBs with a focus on six product and service categories: lighting, walls and roof, glazing, heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, renewable energy, and soft costs. The study provides an analysis of the region-specific and worldwide market issues, including drivers and barriers, associated with ZEBs. Global market forecasts for revenue, broken out by region, product/service, and development type (commercial construction, commercial retrofits, and residential), extend through 2035. The report also examines the key technologies and services related to ZEBs, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:

  • What is a zero energy/net zero energy/nearly zero energy building
  • How is policy driving the adoption of zero energy buildings (ZEBs)
  • What are the main barriers to widespread ZEB adoption
  • What kinds of technologies are used in ZEBs
  • Who are the primary market players in the ZEB industry
  • How are the market players influencing the regional ZEB markets

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

  • 1.1. Introduction
  • 1.1. Overview
  • 1.2. Key Market Trends
  • 1.3. Global Market Size and Forecast

2. Market Issues

  • 2.1. Introduction
  • 2.2. Definition of ZEBs
    • 2.2.1. Other Net Zero Approaches
  • 2.3. Market Drivers
    • 2.3.1. Commercial versus Residential Buildings
    • 2.3.2. New Construction versus Retrofits
    • 2.3.3. Legislation and Building Code
    • 2.3.4. The Rise of Green Buildings
      • 2.3.4.1. Green Buildings, LEED, and ZEBs
    • 2.3.5. ZEB Standards and Certification Bodies
      • 2.3.5.1. Passive House
      • 2.3.5.2. Other ZEB Leaders
    • 2.3.6. Technology Innovation and Cost Decreases
  • 2.4. Market Barriers
    • 2.4.1. Cost Premiums
    • 2.4.2. ROIs
    • 2.4.3. Grid Integration
    • 2.4.4. Electric Vehicles and Rising Plug Load
    • 2.4.5. Construction and Operation
    • 2.4.6. Terminology and Awareness

3. Regional Analysis

  • 3.1. Regional Overview
  • 3.2. North America
    • 3.2.1. U.S. Federal Government
      • 3.2.1.1. U.S. DOE
      • 3.2.1.2. U.S. GSA
    • 3.2.2. California
      • 3.2.2.1. TDV
    • 3.2.3. Massachusetts
    • 3.2.4. Canada
  • 3.3. Europe
    • 3.3.1. EU Policies
      • 3.3.1.1. EPBD
      • 3.3.1.2. Very Low Energy Houses
    • 3.3.2. United Kingdom
    • 3.3.3. France
    • 3.3.4. Germany
  • 3.4. Asia Pacific
    • 3.4.1. Japan
    • 3.4.2. Singapore
    • 3.4.3. China
    • 3.4.4. Rest of Asia Pacific
  • 3.5. Latin America
  • 3.6. Middle East
  • 3.7. Africa

4. Technology Issues

  • 4.1. Technology Overview
  • 4.2. Siting and Context
    • 4.2.1. Integrated Design
    • 4.2.2. Building Design
    • 4.2.3. Building Energy Modeling
    • 4.2.4. Location-Based Issues
    • 4.2.5. Calculating Renewable Power Potential
    • 4.2.6. Campuswide Integration
    • 4.2.7. Microgrids and Nanogrids versus ZEBs
  • 4.3. Building Envelope
    • 4.3.1. Wall Insulation and Building Envelope
    • 4.3.2. Windows and Glazing
      • 4.3.2.1. Modern Window Characteristics
      • 4.3.2.2. Smart Glass
    • 4.3.3. Thermal Mass Storage and ZEBs
    • 4.3.4. Roofs and ZEBs
      • 4.3.4.1. Cool and Green Roofs
  • 4.4. Energy Efficiency and Integrated Design
    • 4.4.1. HVAC Systems
      • 4.4.1.1. Heating
      • 4.4.1.2. Cooling
      • 4.4.1.3. Ground-Source Heat Pumps
      • 4.4.1.4. IAQ
    • 4.4.2. Energy Efficient Lighting
    • 4.4.3. Daylighting and Fenestration
    • 4.4.4. Hot Water
    • 4.4.5. Direct Current Power
  • 4.5. Plug Loads
    • 4.5.1. Energy Efficient Appliance Standards
    • 4.5.2. Smart Appliances
    • 4.5.3. Electric Vehicle Integration
  • 4.6. Building Energy Management
    • 4.6.1. Building Controls
    • 4.6.2. BEMSs
    • 4.6.3. Continuous Commissioning
  • 4.7. Renewable Energy
    • 4.7.1. Solar PV
      • 4.7.1.1. Inverters and Micro-Inverters
      • 4.7.1.2. BIPV
    • 4.7.2. Solar Thermal Systems
    • 4.7.3. Biomass and CHP
    • 4.7.4. Fuel Cells
    • 4.7.5. Energy Storage Technology
  • 4.8. Net Zero Water

5. Key Industry Players.

  • 5.1. Overview
  • 5.2. Real Estate, AEC, and Software Firms
    • 5.2.1. Autodesk
    • 5.2.2. CBRE
    • 5.2.3. DPR Construction
    • 5.2.4. Hines
    • 5.2.5. JLL
    • 5.2.6. Masdar
    • 5.2.7. Meritage Homes
    • 5.2.8. Related Companies
  • 5.3. Energy Efficient Equipment and Performance Firms
    • 5.3.1. Altura Associates
    • 5.3.2. Big Ass Solutions
    • 5.3.3. Building Robotics
    • 5.3.4. Daikin
    • 5.3.5. Honeywell
    • 5.3.6. Schneider Electric
    • 5.3.7. Siemens Building Technologies
    • 5.3.8. SunPower
    • 5.3.9. View Inc.

6. Market Forecasts

  • 6.1. Overview
    • 6.1.1. Products and Services Segmentation
  • 6.2. Global Outlook
  • 6.3. North America
    • 6.3.1. Commercial
    • 6.3.2. Residential
  • 6.4. Europe
    • 6.4.1. Commercial
    • 6.4.2. Residential
  • 6.5. Asia Pacific
    • 6.5.1. Commercial
    • 6.5.2. Residential
  • 6.6. Middle East
    • 6.6.1. Commercial
    • 6.6.2. Residential
  • 6.7. Rest of World
  • 6.8. Conclusions and Recommendations

7. Company Directory

8. Acronym and Abbreviation List

9. Table of Contents

10. Table of Charts and Figures

11. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue, World Markets: 2014-2035
  • NBI-Tracked New Zero Energy Buildings by Year, North America: 1994-2013
  • Total Building Stock by Building Type, World Markets: 2014
  • Total Commercial Building Stock by Development Type, World Markets: 2014
  • Average Solar PV Installed Price by Size, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • The Evolution of Building Energy Demand and Generation
  • Representative ZEB and Its Associated Components
  • Zero Energy Building Annual Energy Balance
  • Successive Code Improvements for California's Building Stock
  • Building Performance Mechanisms
  • A Schematic Representation of an Integrated Design Team
  • Modeled PV Potential in the United States
  • PVWatts Screenshots of PV Size Estimation
  • Ciralight Global Positioning System-Powered Solar Tracking Sunlight
  • BIPV at the UC Merced Science and Engineering 2 Building
  • The U.S. Army's Net Zero Implementation Strategy

List of Tables

  • NBI-Tracked New Zero Energy Buildings by Year, North America: 1994-2013
  • Average Solar PV Installed Price by Size, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Total Building Stock by Building Type, World Markets: 2014
  • Total Commercial Building Stock by Development Type, World Markets: 2014
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Total Commercial Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Total Commercial Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Total Commercial Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Total Commercial Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • Total Commercial Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2035
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, World Markets: 2014-2035
  • nZEB 2020 Roadmap Status, European Union: 2012
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