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市場調查報告書

全球直流 (DC) 配電網:通訊·資料中心·商業大樓·軍事用遙控/電網並列·奈米電網及微電網

Direct Current Distribution Networks: Remote and Grid-Tied Nanogrids and Microgrids for Telecom, Data Center, Commercial Building and Military Applications

出版商 Navigant Research 商品編碼 274237
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 104 Pages; 86 Tables, Charts & Figures
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全球直流 (DC) 配電網:通訊·資料中心·商業大樓·軍事用遙控/電網並列·奈米電網及微電網 Direct Current Distribution Networks: Remote and Grid-Tied Nanogrids and Microgrids for Telecom, Data Center, Commercial Building and Military Applications
出版日期: 2015年06月19日 內容資訊: 英文 104 Pages; 86 Tables, Charts & Figures
簡介

直流(DC)配電網市場不是單純整合的市暘,相反的,它處於一個由配置條件及推動要素都不同的複數要素(電訊塔、資料中心、聯結電力網的商業大樓、獨立於電力網的軍事用供電網等)分散的市場所組成的狀態。目前中電壓 (380∼400伏)直流供電日益熱門。其主要用途雖為資料中心用電力供給,但預測也將活用於商業大樓。但由於既有的直流供電以高電壓(1000伏以上)及低電壓(100伏以下)為主,要建立支援不同電壓的系統將會是個課題。全球直流供電網市場規模預測在2015年將達到28億美金,2025年將達到51億美金。

本報告提供全球直流式 (DC) 配電網市場相關調查,提供您主要市場·技術趨勢評估,各地區·市場區隔的供應商收益額 (今後10年份)預測,同時再彙整主要企業簡介等資訊。

第1章 摘要整理

  • 直流 (DC) 配電網路:市場概要
  • 市場預測

第2章 市場課題

  • 為何是直流配電網路?
    • 高壓直流供電 (HVDC)
    • 低壓直流供電:Ethernet Alliance版本
    • missing link:中壓電直流供電
  • 交流/直流配電網路
    • 交流配電網路的商務案例
    • 直流配電網路的商務案例
  • 直流配電網路:是奈米電網還是微電網?
  • 直流配電網路的現在市場機會
    • 資料中心
    • 商業大樓用奈米電網
    • 離網式
    • 離網 (無配電網地區)/Bad Grid (貧乏地區) 的電訊塔
    • 直流配電網的軍事利用
  • 實行課題
    • 直流配電相關公共安全上的疑慮
    • 天然氣低價化的影響
    • 關係到直流配電網的新經營模式的必要性
  • 直流市場促進要素
    • 中壓電直流配電的規格
    • 柴油燃料價格急劇上升的影響
    • 隨著交流電力網的可靠性降低,高品質電力網的需求
    • 低收入者層策略的發展

第3章 技術課題

  • 配合複數電壓層級的現實直流配電市場登場
    • 轉移到HVDC的理由
    • 轉移到低壓電直流供電的理由
    • 促進中壓電直流供電的普及
  • 直流配電網路用的創新零件庫存
  • 直流式斷路器和保護繼電器
  • DC-DC轉換器,優化程式,整流器
  • 直流式的分散式發電 (DC DG)
    • 太陽能光電發電
    • 燃料電池
  • 最新型的能源儲存技術
    • 最新型鉛蓄電池
    • 飛輪儲能
    • 最新型鋰離子電池
    • 液流電池
    • 鈉金屬鹵化物
  • UPS系統
  • 直流式·商用大樓系統趨勢
  • 電動車 (EV) 的直流充電
    • 直流式/交流式的建築物控制:PoE (Power over Ethernet)
  • 網絡系統控制設備:交流/直流方法
    • 獨自的直流控制方式相關考察

第4章 主要企業

  • 競爭環境概要
  • 主要的技術企業
    • ABB
    • Bosch
    • Eaton
    • Emerson Network Power
    • Johnson Controls
    • Siemens
  • 直流系統的開發企業與供應商
    • Moixa
    • Nextek Power
    • Pareto Energy
    • Pika Energy
    • Win Inertia
  • 直流專用零件的供應商
    • Armstrong Industries
    • Phillips Lighting
  • 策略用軍需產品的專門業者
    • NextEnergy Center
  • 遠隔通訊網路的開發業者
    • Applied Solar Technologies
    • Flexenclosure

第5章 市場預測

  • 直流配電市場預測:概要
  • 3種方案
    • 收益預測技術
  • 全球各地的市場趨勢:直流供電能力合計值
    • 北美
    • 歐洲
    • 亞太地區
    • 南美
    • 中東·非洲
  • 各市場區隔的供電能力·收益額的預測
    • 離網/Bad Grid用電訊塔
    • 資料中心
    • 直流型商業大樓
    • 軍事利用
  • 結論·提案

第6章 企業名錄

第7章 縮寫及簡稱清單

第8章 目錄

第9章 圖表一覽

第10章 調查範圍,資訊來源,調查手法,註記

圖表清單

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目錄
Product Code: DCDN-15

Remote and Grid-Tied Nanogrids and Microgrids for Telecom, Data Center, Commercial Building, and Military Applications.

The market for direct current (DC) distribution networks is not a single, cohesive market. Rather, it encompasses several disparate opportunities-telecommunications towers, data centers, grid-tied commercial buildings, and off-grid military networks-that revolve around different market assumptions, dynamics, and drivers. The industry is currently focused on medium-voltage DC distribution networks-systems that are mostly concentrated on the data center market segment, but which can also apply to commercial buildings.

A heated debate continues about the advantages and disadvantages of DC. The majority of progress in developing DC-based technologies has occurred at either the high-voltage (more than 1,000V) or low-voltage (less than 100V) level. Since microgrids and building-scale nanogrids typically operate at medium voltage (roughly 380V-400V), much work needs to be done to bridge this voltage innovation gap. Another challenge facing DC distribution networks lies with the need for standards and open grid architectures that can help integrate the increasing diversity of resources. Yet, there is momentum at the distribution level of electricity service to diversify power offerings and pursue hybrid solutions that incorporate a growing proportion of DC. According to Navigant Research, implementation revenue in the global DC distribution network market is expected to grow from $2.8 billion in 2015 to $5.1 billion in 2024 under a base scenario.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for DC distribution networks in four key segments: off-grid/bad grid telecommunications, data centers, commercial building grids, and off-grid military applications. The study provides an analysis of the market issues, including opportunities, drivers, and implementation challenges, associated with DC distribution networks. Global market forecasts for capacity and implementation revenue, broken out by segment, region, and scenario, extend through 2024. The report also examines the key technologies related to DC distribution networks, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:

  • What are the efficiency and control advantages of direct current (DC)?
  • What applications of DC power make sense today? Tomorrow?
  • What efforts are being made to create new standards for DC medium-voltage products?
  • Which segments are leading this market?
  • Which companies are the lead pioneers with DC technologies?
  • How does DC fit in with the current push related to microgrids for resiliency?
  • What unique safety issues need to be addressed in order for DC to become fully commercialized?

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

  • 1.1. Direct Current Distribution Networks: Market Overview
  • 1.2. Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues

  • 2.1. Why the Emergence of Direct Current Technologies?
    • 2.1.1. HVDC
    • 2.1.2. Low-Voltage DC: Ethernet Alliance Vision
    • 2.1.3. The Missing Link: Medium-Voltage DC
  • 2.2. AC versus DC Distribution Networks
    • 2.2.1. The Business Case for AC Distribution Networks
    • 2.2.2. The Business Case for DC Distribution Networks
  • 2.3. DC Distribution Networks: Nanogrids or Microgrids?
  • 2.4. Current DC Distribution Network Market Opportunities
    • 2.4.1. Data Centers
      • 2.4.1.1. Case Study: ABB's Zurich-West DC Distribution Network
    • 2.4.2. Commercial Building Nanogrids
    • 2.4.3. Off-Grid/Bad Grid Telecommunications Towers
    • 2.4.4. DC Network Military Applications
      • 2.4.4.1. Case Study: Bosch's DC Building Grid for DOD's Fort Bragg
  • 2.5. Implementation Issues
    • 2.5.1. Public Safety Concerns Regarding DC
    • 2.5.2. Impact of Low Natural Gas Prices
    • 2.5.3. Need for New DC Grid-Tied Business Models
  • 2.6. DC Market Drivers
    • 2.6.1. Medium-Voltage DC Standards
      • 2.6.1.1. Occupied Space Standard
      • 2.6.1.2. Data and Telecommunications Standards
      • 2.6.1.3. Net Zero Energy Buildings
      • 2.6.1.4. Other DC Standards
    • 2.6.2. Impact of Escalating Diesel Fuel Prices
    • 2.6.3. Need for Premium Power Due to Declining Reliability of AC Utility Grid
    • 2.6.4. Evolving Bottom-of-the-Pyramid Strategies

3. Technology Issues

  • 3.1. The Emergence of a Viable Market for DC at Multiple Voltage Levels
    • 3.1.1. Why the Shift on HVDC?
    • 3.1.2. Why the Shift on Low-Voltage DC?
    • 3.1.3. The Push for Medium-Voltage DC
  • 3.2. An Inventory of Game-Changing DC Distribution Network Components
  • 3.3. DC Circuit Breakers and Protection Relays
  • 3.4. DC-DC Converters, Optimizers, and Rectifiers
  • 3.5. DC DG
    • 3.5.1. Solar PV
    • 3.5.2. Fuel Cells
  • 3.6. Advanced Energy Storage
    • 3.6.1. Advanced Lead-Acid
    • 3.6.2. Flywheels
    • 3.6.3. Advanced Lithium Ion
    • 3.6.4. Flow Batteries
    • 3.6.5. Sodium Metal Halide
  • 3.7. UPS Systems
  • 3.8. DC Commercial Building Trends
    • 3.8.1. DC Lighting Advances
    • 3.8.2. DC Plug Loads
  • 3.9. DC EV Charging
    • 3.9.1. DC versus AC Building Controls: PoE
  • 3.10. Network System Controllers: AC versus DC Approaches
    • 3.10.1 Unique DC Control Considerations

4. Key Industry Players

  • 4.1. DC Distribution Network Competitive Landscape Overview
  • 4.2. Major Technology Players
    • 4.2.1. ABB
    • 4.2.2. Bosch
    • 4.2.3. Eaton
    • 4.2.4. Emerson Network Power
    • 4.2.5. Johnson Controls
    • 4.2.6. Siemens
  • 4.3. DC System Developers and Suppliers
    • 4.3.1. Moixa
    • 4.3.2. Nextek Power
    • 4.3.3. Pareto Energy
    • 4.3.4. Pika Energy
    • 4.3.5. Win Inertia
  • 4.4. DC Pure Component Suppliers
    • 4.4.1. Armstrong Industries
    • 4.4.2. Phillips Lighting
  • 4.5. Tactical Military Specialists
    • 4.5.1. NextEnergy Center
  • 4.6. Remote Telecommunications Network Innovators
    • 4.6.1. Applied Solar Technologies
    • 4.6.2. Flexenclosure

5. Market Forecasts

  • 5.1. DC Distribution Market Forecast Overview
  • 5.2. The Three-Scenario Formula
    • 5.2.1. Revenue Methodologies
  • 5.3. Regional Dynamics: Total DC Distribution Network Capacity
    • 5.3.1. North America
    • 5.3.2. Europe
    • 5.3.3. Asia Pacific
    • 5.3.4. Latin America
    • 5.3.5. Middle East & Africa
  • 5.4. Segment Capacity and Revenue Forecasts
    • 5.4.1. Off-Grid/Bad Grid Telecommunications Towers
    • 5.4.2. Data Centers
    • 5.4.3. DC Commercial Buildings
    • 5.4.4. Military Applications
  • 5.5. Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory

7. Acronym and Abbreviation List

8. Table of Contents

9. Table of Charts and Figures

10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • DC Distribution Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • New Annual HVDC Converter Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Annual Residential Distributed Solar PV Installed Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Annual Stationary Fuel Cell Installed Capacity and Revenue, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • All DC Building Technologies Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Annual DC EVCE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • DC Distribution Network Incremental Capacity by Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Off-Grid/Bad Grid Telecommunications Incremental Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Off-Grid/Bad Grid Telecommunications Implementation Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Data Center Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Data Center Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Commercial Building Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Commercial Building Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Military Application Off-Grid Network Incremental Capacity by Scenario, United States: 2015-2024
  • DC Military Application Off-Grid Network Implementation Revenue by Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Always-On Low-Voltage DC Loads to Increase over Time
  • Enernet Links Nanogrids to Microgrids and Macrogrids
  • Status Quo AC/DC Hybrid Microgrid Distribution Network
  • New AC/DC Hybrid Microgrid Path to Net Zero Energy Buildings
  • DC vs. AC for Data Centers: An Opposing View from Schneider Electric
  • Transforming Data Centers into Revenue Generators via DC Distribution Networks
  • Phase 1 and Phase 2 of Fort Bragg DC Building Grid Pilot Project
  • Regional Break-Out of Telecommunications Towers, 2014-2020
  • Pros and Cons of Medium-Voltage AC and DC Systems
  • Energy Storage System Parameters
  • UPS Efficiency: AC vs. DC
  • Lighting as Largest Load within Commercial Buildings
  • Optimizing Plug Loads in Commercial Buildings
  • The DC Home: Future or Fantasy?
  • Comparison of the Physics of AC vs. DC Current
  • AC vs. DC Island Network for Large Ships
  • Industry Drivers for Three DC Distribution Network Applications
  • Pareto Energy's GridLink AC/DC Non-synchronous Microgrid Power Flows
  • Conceptual Diagram of DC Building Grid
  • Win Inertia Bidirectional Catenary Railway Line AC/DC Hybrid System
  • Japan's DC Smart Community Demonstrations

List of Tables

  • DC Distribution Network Incremental Capacity by Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Implementation Revenue by Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Telecommunications Off-Grid/Bad Grid Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Telecommunications Off-Grid/Bad Grid Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Telecommunications Off-Grid/Bad Grid Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Telecommunications Off-Grid/Bad Grid Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Telecommunications Off-Grid/Bad Grid Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Telecommunications Off-Grid/Bad Grid Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Data Center Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Data Center Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Data Center Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Data Center Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Data Center Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Data Center Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Commercial Building Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Commercial Building Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Commercial Building Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Commercial Building Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Commercial Building Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Commercial Building Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Military Application Off-Grid Network Incremental Capacity by Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Military Application Off-Grid Network Implementation Revenue by Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Incremental Capacity by Region and Segment, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Incremental Capacity by Region and Segment, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Incremental Capacity by Region and Segment, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Implementation Revenue by Region and Segment, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Implementation Revenue by Region and Segment, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Implementation Revenue by Region and Segment, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Cumulative Capacity by Region and Segment, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Cumulative Capacity by Region and Segment, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Cumulative Capacity by Region and Segment, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Implementation Cumulative Revenue by Region and Segment, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Implementation Cumulative Revenue by Region and Segment, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Implementation Cumulative Revenue by Region and Segment, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Revenue by Voltage Level Category, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2020
  • SWOT Analysis for AC Distribution Networks
  • SWOT Analysis for DC Distribution Networks
  • Current Market Drivers and Barriers by Region for DC Distribution Networks
  • SWOT Analysis for DC Data Center Distribution Networks
  • SWOT Analysis for DC Networks in Commercial Buildings
  • SWOT Analysis for DC Remote Telecommunications Tower Distribution Networks
  • SWOT Analysis for DC Military Tactical Networks
  • DC Distribution Networks for Electrification: Pros and Cons in Selected Markets
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