Cover Image
市場調查報告書

南部非洲的電力:地區的電力部門簡介、市場趨勢、投資機會

Electricity in Southern Africa: Regional Profile of Power Sector, Market Trends and Investment Opportunities

出版商 Power Generation Research 商品編碼 311910
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 317 Pages; 120 Tables & 122 Figures
訂單完成後即時交付
價格
Back to Top
南部非洲的電力:地區的電力部門簡介、市場趨勢、投資機會 Electricity in Southern Africa: Regional Profile of Power Sector, Market Trends and Investment Opportunities
出版日期: 2014年02月28日 內容資訊: 英文 317 Pages; 120 Tables & 122 Figures
簡介

1995年以來,南部非洲很多國家在加盟國間通融電力,利用為了獲得穩定供應,稱為「非洲南部電力聯營(SAPP:Southern African Power Pool)」的電力系統。然而,即使在地區第一發展國家的南非,取用電力也有限制,依據南部非洲開發銀行,2009年國內的用電水平僅30%,3分之2以上的人口依賴柴火等能源來源。

本報告提供非洲南部各國的電力情況的相關調查、主要國家的產業結構及電力系統、設備發電容量與發電量、輸配電系統、需求量、消費量、電費、今後發展的預測與投資機會等相關彙整。

第1章 簡介:南部非洲的電力

  • 簡介
  • 能源來源
  • 電力產業
  • 發電
  • 消費和電費
  • 電力部門的發展

第2章 安哥拉的電力

  • 摘要
  • 簡介
  • 能源來源
  • 電力產業結構
  • 設備發電容量與發電量
  • 輸配電系統
  • 需求、消費、費用
  • 電力部門的發展、投資、未來的可能性

第3章 波札那共和國的電力

  • 摘要
  • 簡介
  • 天然資源
  • 電力產業結構
  • 設備發電容量與發電量
  • 輸配電系統
  • 需求、消費、費用
  • 電力部門的發展、投資、未來的可能性

第4章 賴索托王國的電力

  • 摘要
  • 簡介
  • 能源來源
  • 電力產業結構
  • 設備發電容量與發電量
  • 輸配電系統
  • 需求、消費、費用
  • 電力部門的發展、投資、未來的可能性

第5章 馬達加斯加的電力

  • 摘要
  • 簡介
  • 能源來源
  • 電力產業結構
  • 設備發電容量與發電量
  • 輸配電系統
  • 需求、消費、費用
  • 電力部門的發展、投資、未來的可能性

第6章 馬拉威的電力

  • 摘要
  • 簡介
  • 能源來源
  • 電力產業結構
  • 設備發電容量與發電量
  • 輸配電系統
  • 需求、消費、費用
  • 電力部門的發展、投資、未來的可能性

第7章 模里西斯的電力

  • 摘要
  • 簡介
  • 能源來源
  • 電力產業結構
  • 設備發電容量與發電量
  • 輸配電系統
  • 需求、消費、費用
  • 電力部門的發展、投資、未來的可能性

第8章 莫三比克的電力

  • 摘要
  • 簡介
  • 能源來源
  • 電力產業結構
  • 設備發電容量與發電量
  • 輸配電系統
  • 需求、消費、費用
  • 電力部門的發展、投資、未來的可能性

第9章 納米比亞的電力

  • 摘要
  • 簡介
  • 能源來源
  • 電力產業結構
  • 設備發電容量與發電量
  • 輸配電系統
  • 需求、消費、費用
  • 電力部門的發展、投資、未來的可能性

第10章 南非的電力

  • 摘要
  • 簡介
  • 能源來源
  • 電力產業結構
  • 設備發電容量與發電量
  • 輸配電系統
  • 需求、消費、費用
  • 電力部門的發展、投資、未來的可能性

第11章 史瓦濟蘭王國的電力

  • 摘要
  • 簡介
  • 能源來源
  • 電力產業結構
  • 設備發電容量與發電量
  • 輸配電系統
  • 需求、消費、費用
  • 電力部門的發展、投資、未來的可能性

第12章 尚比亞的電力

  • 摘要
  • 簡介
  • 能源來源
  • 電力產業結構
  • 設備發電容量與發電量
  • 輸配電系統
  • 需求、消費、費用
  • 電力部門的發展、投資、未來的可能性

第13章 辛巴威的電力

  • 摘要
  • 簡介
  • 能源來源
  • 電力產業結構
  • 設備發電容量與發電量
  • 輸配電系統
  • 需求、消費、費用
  • 電力部門的發展、投資、未來的可能性

圖表

目錄
Product Code: PGREleSouAfrRegFeb14

Electricity in Southern Africa - Since 1995 most of the countries of southern Africa have shared a regional electricity system, the Southern African Power Pool, that allows them to exchange power, and maintain greater electricity system stability than would be possible as individual, isolated nations. This goes some way to making up for the limited access to electricity in even the most highly developed of the countries, such as South Africa. According to the South African Development Bank, the average national level of access to electricity in 2009 was only 30%, leaving more than two thirds of the collective population to rely on traditional energy sources, such as fuelwood for heating and cooking.

The countries of southern Africa share much in common. Their peoples share many common ancestors, with individual national identities forged through migrations, invasions, and settlement in the region - across the past two millennia. They share a history of colonisation and exploitation by European settlers from the fifteenth century onwards, creating linguistic, economic, and governmental legacies - that have often persisted after independence. They also share a legacy of under-development, and most have high levels of poverty.

In spite of their shared heritage, there are some sharp differences between the countries too. South Africa is a vast region, the most highly developed in sub-Saharan Africa, with a large economy, nuclear power, and the largest power generation capacity on the continent. Swaziland, which is virtually enclosed by South Africa, is tiny, has a small economy, a miniscule electricity sector, and imports most of its power from its giant neighbour. In addition to such economic disparities, resources are spread unevenly as well. South Africa relies mainly on coal for its electricity, many of its northern neighbours use hydropower extensively, while Angola has abundant oil and natural gas, and Mozambique has gas, both in addition to hydropower. However, all have solar energy in abundance, and most have good biomass resources.

This report covers twelve countries in Southern Africa, including ten of the twelve members of the Southern African Power Pool (SAPP) , as well as the two island nations, Madagascar and Mauritius. A chapter is devoted to each, and provides a detailed profile of the electricity sector in that region, together with an analysis of its outlook and power sector growth potential. Together, the profiles provide a comprehensive source of information about one of the most important and economically attractive regions of Africa.

Key features of this report

  • An overview of the electricity market in Southern Africa.
  • Power supply data covering production, imports and exports and the main production sources.
  • Power demand data by market sector and tariff data.
  • An overview of the structure of the electricity sector with government and private sector companies as well as the regulatory status.
  • Power demand forecasts and the development of the power sector to meet expected growth.
  • Transmission system expansion plans.

Key benefits from reading this report

  • What are the key energy resources in Southern Africa for power production.
  • How is the region overcoming the effects of power shortage
  • What are the key developments in electricity infrastructure
  • Who are the key players in market
  • What are the investment opportunities in the region

Key market issues in Electricity in Southern Africa

This report is a regional profile, covering:

  • Power generation capacity by fuel input
  • Electricity networks
  • Current power market trends
  • Generation growth
  • Investment opportunities
  • Future project plans

Key findings of this report

  • 1. Proven oil reserves in Angola were estimated to be 15bn barrels (bbls) in 2013.
  • 2. There are reserves of coal-bed methane, put at 990tn m3.
  • 3. The Lesotho transmission system is restricted to the lowland region of the north west and south west of the country.
  • 4. For the past thirty to forty years, the main source of electric power in Madagascar has been hydropower.
  • 5. The transmission and distribution system in Malawi is based on a backbone of 132kV and 66kV transmission lines that link only the major cities.
  • 6. Electricity production in Mauritius comes both from the state utility CEB and from IPPs.
  • 7. Mozambique's major electricity export markets are Namibia and Botswana, with small quantities also sold to Lesotho and Zimbabwe.
  • 8. Wind potential in Namibia is significant, with sites already surveyed showing average wind speeds of over 8m/s, and some sites with average wind speeds as high as 15m/s.
  • 9. There is a high solar potential in South Africa. Many areas of the country experience direct irradiance of over 7.0kWh/m2/d, and these areas are often conveniently located for the grid.
  • 10. Tariffs in Swaziland are set by SERA, based on a submission from SEC. For the 2013/2014 financial year, the SEC applied for a tariff increase of 36.5%. However it was granted an average tariff increase of 9.3% by SERA.
  • 11. Proven coal reserves in Zambia are over 30m tonnes.
  • 12. There is major hydropower potential in Zimbabwe. The World Energy Council puts gross theoretical potential energy output at 44TWh/y, and the technically exploitable capacity at 18TWh/y.

Key questions answered by this report

  • 1. How does Southern Africa generate its electricity
  • 2. What is the status of the regional electricity market
  • 3. What are the key developments in electricity infrastructure
  • 4. Who are the key players in market
  • 5. What are the future prospects for investment in Southern Africa

Why buy Electricity in Southern Africa

  • To utilise in-depth assessment and analysis of the current and future technological and market state of power, carried out by an industry expert with 30 years in the power generation industry.
  • Use cutting edge information and data.
  • Use the highest level of research carried out. expert analysis to say what is happening in the market and what will happen next.
  • Have the ‘what if' questions answered.
  • Save time and money by having top quality research done for you at a low cost.

Table of Contents

About the author

  • Disclaimer
  • Note about authors and sources

Table of contents

Table of tables

Table of figures

Chapter 1: Introduction to Electricity in Southern Africa

  • Introduction
  • Energy resources
  • The electricity industry
  • Electricity production
  • Consumption and tariffs
  • Power sector development
  • List of abbreviations

Chapter 2: Electricity in Angola

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Energy resources
  • The structure of the power industry
  • Installed capacity and power generation
  • Transmission and distribution systems
  • Demand, consumption and tariffs
  • Power sector development, investment and future potential
  • List of abbreviations

Chapter 3: Electricity in Botswana

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Natural resources
  • The structure of the electricity sector
  • Installed generating capacity and power production
  • Transmission and distribution systems
  • Demand, consumption and tariffs
  • Power sector development, investment and future potential
  • List of abbreviations

Chapter 4: Electricity in Lesotho

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Natural resources
  • The structure of the power industry
  • Installed capacity and power generation
  • Transmission and distribution systems
  • Demand, consumption and tariffs
  • Power sector development, investment and future potential
  • List of abbreviations

Chapter 5: Electricity in Madagascar

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Energy resources
  • The structure of the power industry
  • Installed capacity and power generation
  • Transmission and distribution systems
  • Demand, consumption and tariffs
  • Power sector development, investment and future potential
  • List of abbreviations

Chapter 6: Electricity in Malawi

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Energy resources
  • The structure of the power industry
  • Installed capacity and power generation
  • Transmission and distribution systems
  • Demand, consumption and tariffs
  • Power sector development, investment and future potential
  • List of abbreviations

Chapter 7: Electricity in Mauritius

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Energy resources
  • The structure of the power industry
  • Installed capacity and power generation
  • Transmission and distribution systems
  • Demand, consumption and tariffs
  • Power sector development, investment and future potential
  • List of abbreviations

Chapter 8: Electricity in Mozambique

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Energy resources
  • The structure of the power industry
  • Installed capacity and power generation
  • Transmission and distribution systems
  • Demand, consumption and tariffs
  • Power sector development, investment and future potential
  • List of abbreviations

Chapter 9: Electricity in Namibia

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Energy resources
  • The structure of the power industry
  • Installed capacity and power generation
  • Transmission and distribution systems
  • Demand, consumption and tariffs
  • Power sector development, investment and future potential
  • List of abbreviations

Chapter 10: Electricity in South Africa

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Energy resources
  • The structure of the power industry
  • Installed capacity and power generation
  • Transmission and distribution systems
  • Demand, consumption and tariffs
  • Power sector development, investment and future potential
  • List of abbreviations

Chapter 11: Electricity in Swaziland

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Energy resources
  • The structure of the power industry
  • Installed capacity and power generation
  • Transmission and distribution systems
  • Demand, consumption and tariffs
  • Power sector development, investment and future potential
  • List of abbreviations

Chapter 12: Electricity in Zambia

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Energy resources
  • The structure of the power industry
  • Installed capacity and power generation
  • Transmission and distribution systems
  • Demand, consumption and tariffs
  • Power sector development, investment and future potential
  • List of abbreviations

Chapter 13: Electricity in Zimbabwe

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Energy resources
  • The structure of the power industry
  • Installed capacity and power generation
  • Transmission and distribution systems
  • Demand, consumption and tariffs
  • Power sector development, investment and future potential
  • List of abbreviations

Table of tables

  • Table 1: Southern Africa national utilities
  • Table 2: Southern Africa national installed capacities (MW)
  • Table 3: Southern Africa generating capacity by type (MW)
  • Table 4: Southern Africa average national tariffs (US$/kWh)
  • Table 5: Southern Africa peak demand on the interconnected SAPP grid (MW)
  • Table 6: Angola key indicators
  • Table 7: Angola annual installed generating capacity (MW)
  • Table 8: Installed capacity in Angola by system (MW)
  • Table 9: Angola installed generating capacity by type (MW)
  • Table 10: Angola annual electricity production (GWh)
  • Table 11: Angola annual peak demand (MW)
  • Table 12: Angola average electricity tariff by sector (US$/kWh)
  • Table 13: Angola predicted annual peak demand and electricity demand forecast
  • Table 14: Planned capacity and projects with funding (MW)
  • Table 15: Botswana key indicators
  • Table 16: Botswana annual installed capacity (MW)
  • Table 17: Botswana installed capacity by type (MW)
  • Table 18: Botswana annual electricity production and imports (GWh)
  • Table 19: Botswana annual peak demand (MW)
  • Table 20: Botswana annual electricity sales by sector (GWh)
  • Table 21: Botswana annual tariffs and annual cost per unit of power (Thebe/kWh)
  • Table 22: Botswana annual peak demand and electricity demand forecasts
  • Table 23: Botswana planned new capacity by year of completion (MW)
  • Table 24: Lesotho key indicators
  • Table 25: Lesotho annual installed capacity (MW)
  • Table 26: Lesotho installed capacity by type (MW)
  • Table 27: Lesotho annual electricity production (GWh)
  • Table 28: Lesotho generation by source and imports (MWh)
  • Table 29: Lesotho annual peak demand (MW)
  • Table 30: Lesotho consumption by sector (MWh)
  • Table 31: Lesotho tariffs by sector (M/kWh)
  • Table 32: Lesotho SAPP peak demand and annual demand forecasts
  • Table 33: Madagascar key indicators
  • Table 34: Madagascar annual installed capacity (MW)
  • Table 35: Madagascar installed capacity by type (MW)
  • Table 36: Madagascar annual electricity production (GWh)
  • Table 37: Madagascar electricity production by source (GWh)
  • Table 38: Madagascar annual sales by sector (MWh)
  • Table 39: Madagascar tariffs by sector
  • Table 40: Madagascar gross production and peak demand forecasts to 2020
  • Table 41: Malawi key indicators
  • Table 42: Malawi annual installed grid capacity (MW)
  • Table 43: Malawi Escom installed capacity by type (MW)
  • Table 44: Malawi annual electricity production (GWh)
  • Table 45: Malawi peak demand (MW)
  • Table 46: Malawi tariffs (MKW/kWh)
  • Table 47: Malawi SAPP demand forecasts
  • Table 48: Malawi total energy mix projections (%)
  • Table 49: Mauritius key indicators
  • Table 50: Mauritius annual installed capacity (MW)
  • Table 51: Mauritius annual electricity production (GWh)
  • Table 52: Mauritius CEB and IPP electricity production (GWh)
  • Table 53: Mauritius electricity production by source (GWh)
  • Table 54: Mauritius annual peak demand (MW)
  • Table 55: Mauritius consumption by sector (MWh)
  • Table 56: Mauritius tariffs by sector (Rs/kWh)
  • Table 57: Mauritius predicted peak demand to 2022 (MW)
  • Table 58: Mauritius predicted annual demand to 2022 (GWh)
  • Table 59: Mauritius predicted annual production by source to 2025 (%)
  • Table 60: Mozambique key indicators
  • Table 61: Mozambique annual installed capacity (MW)
  • Table 62: Mozambique installed capacity by type (MW)
  • Table 63: Mozambique EDM annual production, imports and exports (GWh)
  • Table 64: Mozambique annual production by type (GWh)
  • Table 65: Mozambique EDM annual exports (GWh)
  • Table 66: Mozambique annual peak demand (MW)
  • Table 67: Mozambique consumption by sector (GWh)
  • Table 68: Mozambique tariffs by sector (MT/KWh)
  • Table 69: Mozambique SAPP peak demand and annual energy demand forecasts
  • Table 70: Mozambique new capacity with funding (MW)
  • Table 71: Namibia key indicators
  • Table 72: Namibia annual installed capacity and import capacity (MW)
  • Table 73: Namibia installed capacity by power plant (MW)
  • Table 74: Namibia annual power generation and imports (GWh)
  • Table 75: Namibia electricity production by source (GWh)
  • Table 76: Namibia annual peak demand (MW)
  • Table 77: Namibia annual average tariff (N$/kWh)
  • Table 78: Namibia SAPP predicted annual peak demand and annual electricity demand
  • Table 79: Namibia hydropower master plan
  • Table 80: South Africa key indicators
  • Table 81: South Africa Eskom annual installed capacity (MW)
  • Table 82: South Africa Eskom installed capacity by type (MW)
  • Table 83: South Africa annual electricity production (GWh)
  • Table 84: South Africa Eskom electricity production by source (GWh)
  • Table 85: South Africa annual imports and exports (GWh)
  • Table 86: South Africa peak demand (MW)
  • Table 87: South Africa consumption by sector (GWh)
  • Table 88: South Africa tariffs (ZAR/kWh)
  • Table 89: South Africa predicted demand (MW)
  • Table 90: South Africa SAPP peak demand an annual demand forecasts
  • Table 91: South Africa capacity breakdown by source in 2030 (%)
  • Table 92: Swaziland key indicators
  • Table 93: Swaziland SEC annual installed capacity (MW)
  • Table 94: Swaziland SEC installed capacity by type (MW)
  • Table 95: Swaziland annual production and imports (GWh)
  • Table 96: Swaziland annual peak demand (MW)
  • Table 97: Swaziland consumption by sector (GWh)
  • Table 98: Swaziland tariffs
  • Table 99: Swaziland average annual tariff (E/kWh)
  • Table 100: Swaziland SAPP peak demand and annual power demand predictions
  • Table 101: Zambia key indicators
  • Table 102: Zambia ZESCO annual installed capacity (MW)
  • Table 103: Zambia ZESCO installed capacity by type (MW)
  • Table 104: Zambia annual electricity production (GWh)
  • Table 105: Zambia production by plant type (GWh)
  • Table 106: Zambia imports and exports (GWh)
  • Table 107: Zambia peak demand (MW)
  • Table 108: Zambia consumption by sector (GWh)
  • Table 109: Zambia tariffs (K/kWh)
  • Table 110: Zambia SAPP peak demand and annual energy demand forecasts
  • Table 111: Zambia future projects with committed funding (MW)
  • Table 112: Zimbabwe key indicators
  • Table 113: Zimbabwe annual installed and available capacity (MW)
  • Table 114: Zimbabwe installed capacity by plant (MW)
  • Table 115: Zimbabwe annual production and exports (GWh)
  • Table 116: Zimbabwe production by source (GWh)
  • Table 117: Zimbabwe peak demand (MW)
  • Table 118: Zimbabwe average tariffs (US$/kWh)
  • Table 119: Zimbabwe peak demand and annual energy demand forecasts
  • Table 120: Zimbabwe proposed projects to 2020

Table of figures

  • Figure 1: Africa map
  • Figure 2: Southern Africa national installed capacities (MW)
  • Figure 3: SAPP grid
  • Figure 4: Southern Africa generating capacity by type (MW)
  • Figure 5: Southern Africa average national tariffs (US$/kWh)
  • Figure 6: Southern Africa peak demand on the interconnected SAPP grid (MW)
  • Figure 7: Angola map
  • Figure 8: Angola annual installed generating capacity (MW)
  • Figure 9: Installed capacity in Angola by system (MW)
  • Figure 10: Angola installed generating capacity by type (MW)
  • Figure 11: Angola annual electricity production (GWh)
  • Figure 12: Angola annual peak demand (MW)
  • Figure 13: Angola average electricity tariff by sector (US$/kWh)
  • Figure 14: Angola predicted annual peak demand and electricity demand forecast
  • Figure 15: Planned capacity and projects with funding (MW)
  • Figure 16: Development of the Angolan electricity system, 2011 - 2016
  • Figure 17: Botswana map
  • Figure 18: Botswana annual installed capacity (MW)
  • Figure 19: Botswana installed capacity by type (MW)
  • Figure 20: Botswana annual electricity production and imports (GWh)
  • Figure 21: Botswana annual peak demand (MW)
  • Figure 22: Botswana annual electricity sales by sector (GWh)
  • Figure 23: Botswana annual tariffs and annual cost per unit of power (Thebe/kWh)
  • Figure 24: Botswana annual peak demand and electricity demand forecasts
  • Figure 25: Botswana planned new capacity by year of completion (MW)
  • Figure 26: Lesotho map
  • Figure 27: Lesotho annual installed capacity (MW)
  • Figure 28: Lesotho installed capacity by type (MW)
  • Figure 29: Lesotho annual electricity production (GWh)
  • Figure 30: Lesotho generation by source and imports (MWh)
  • Figure 31: Lesotho annual peak demand (MW)
  • Figure 32: Lesotho consumption by sector (MWh)
  • Figure 33: Lesotho tariffs by sector (M/kWh)
  • Figure 34: Lesotho SAPP peak demand and annual demand forecasts
  • Figure 35: Madagascar map
  • Figure 36: Madagascar annual installed capacity (MW)
  • Figure 37: Madagascar installed capacity by type (MW)
  • Figure 38: Madagascar annual electricity production (GWh)
  • Figure 39: Madagascar electricity production by source (GWh)
  • Figure 40: Madagascar annual sales by sector (MWh)
  • Figure 41: Madagascar gross production and peak demand forecasts to 2020
  • Figure 42: Malawi map
  • Figure 43: Malawi annual installed grid capacity (MW)
  • Figure 44: Malawi Escom installed capacity by type (MW)
  • Figure 45: Malawi annual electricity production (GWh)
  • Figure 46: Malawi peak demand (MW)
  • Figure 47: Malawi tariffs (MKW/kWh)
  • Figure 48: Malawi SAPP demand forecasts
  • Figure 49: Malawi total energy mix projections (%)
  • Figure 50: Mauritius map
  • Figure 51: Mauritius annual installed capacity (MW)
  • Figure 52: Mauritius annual electricity production (GWh)
  • Figure 53: Mauritius CEB and IPP electricity production (GWh)
  • Figure 54: Mauritius electricity production by source (GWh)
  • Figure 55: Mauritius annual peak demand (MW)
  • Figure 56: Mauritius consumption by sector (MWh)
  • Figure 57: Mauritius tariffs by sector (Rs/kWh)
  • Figure 58: Mauritius predicted peak demand to 2022 (MW)
  • Figure 59: Mauritius predicted annual demand to 2022 (GWh)
  • Figure 60: Mauritius predicted annual production by source to 2025 (%)
  • Figure 61: Mozambique map
  • Figure 62: Mozambique annual installed capacity (MW)
  • Figure 63: Mozambique installed capacity by type (MW)
  • Figure 64: Mozambique EDM annual production, imports and exports (GWh)
  • Figure 65: Mozambique annual production by type (GWh)
  • Figure 66: Mozambique EDM annual exports (GWh)
  • Figure 67: Mozambique annual peak demand (MW)
  • Figure 68: Mozambique consumption by sector (GWh)
  • Figure 69: Mozambique tariffs by sector (MT/KWh)
  • Figure 70: Mozambique SAPP peak demand and annual energy demand forecasts
  • Figure 71: Mozambique new capacity with funding (MW)
  • Figure 72: Namibia map
  • Figure 73: Namibia annual installed capacity and import capacity (MW)
  • Figure 74: Namibia installed capacity by power plant (MW)
  • Figure 75: Namibia annual power generation and imports (GWh)
  • Figure 76: Namibia electricity production by source (GWh)
  • Figure 77: Namibia annual peak demand (MW)
  • Figure 78: Namibia annual average tariff (N$/kWh)
  • Figure 79: Namibia SAPP predicted annual peak demand and annual electricity demand
  • Figure 80: Namibia hydropower master plan
  • Figure 81: South Africa map
  • Figure 82: South Africa Eskom annual installed capacity (MW)
  • Figure 83: South Africa Eskom installed capacity by type (MW)
  • Figure 84: South Africa annual electricity production (GWh)
  • Figure 85: South Africa Eskom electricity production by source (GWh)
  • Figure 86: South Africa annual imports and exports (GWh)
  • Figure 87: South Africa Transmission Grid
  • Figure 88: South Africa peak demand (MW)
  • Figure 89: South Africa consumption by sector (GWh)
  • Figure 90: South Africa tariffs (ZAR/kWh)
  • Figure 91: South Africa predicted demand (MW)
  • Figure 92: South Africa SAPP peak demand an annual demand forecasts
  • Figure 93: South Africa capacity breakdown by source in 2030 (%)
  • Figure 94: Swaziland map
  • Figure 95: Swaziland SEC annual installed capacity (MW)
  • Figure 96: Swaziland SEC installed capacity by type (MW)
  • Figure 97: Swaziland annual production and imports (GWh)
  • Figure 98: Swaziland annual peak demand (MW)
  • Figure 99: Swaziland consumption by sector (GWh)
  • Figure 100: Swaziland tariffs
  • Figure 101: Swaziland average annual tariff (E/kWh)
  • Figure 102: Swaziland SAPP peak demand and annual power demand predictions
  • Figure 103: Zambia map
  • Figure 104: Zambia ZESCO annual installed capacity (MW)
  • Figure 105: Zambia ZESCO installed capacity by type (MW)
  • Figure 106: Zambia annual electricity production (GWh)
  • Figure 107: Zambia production by plant type (GWh)
  • Figure 108: Zambia imports and exports (GWh)
  • Figure 109: Zambia peak demand (MW)
  • Figure 110: Zambia consumption by sector (GWh)
  • Figure 111: Zambia tariffs (K/kWh)
  • Figure 112: Zambia SAPP peak demand and annual energy demand forecasts
  • Figure 113: Zambia future projects with committed funding (MW)
  • Figure 114: Zimbabwe map
  • Figure 115: Zimbabwe annual installed and available capacity (MW)
  • Figure 116: Zimbabwe installed capacity by plant (MW)
  • Figure 117: Zimbabwe annual production and exports (GWh)
  • Figure 118: Zimbabwe production by source (GWh)
  • Figure 119: Zimbabwe peak demand (MW)
  • Figure 120: Zimbabwe average tariffs (US$/kWh)
  • Figure 121: Zimbabwe peak demand and annual energy demand forecasts
  • Figure 122: Zimbabwe proposed projects to 2020
Back to Top