虛擬發電廠 (VPP) 的分散式再生能源聚合策略
Distributed Renewables Aggregation Strategies in VPPs
|出版日期||內容資訊||英文 16 Pages; 7 Tables, Charts & Figures
|虛擬發電廠 (VPP) 的分散式再生能源聚合策略 Distributed Renewables Aggregation Strategies in VPPs|
|出版日期: 2018年01月17日||內容資訊: 英文 16 Pages; 7 Tables, Charts & Figures||
本報告提供虛擬發電廠 (VPP) 的分散式再生能源發電的潛在收益源的相關調查，相關的聚合服務、解決方案，再生能源聚合策略的實行相關課題，及VPP支援的再生能源經營模式的案例研究等相關彙整。
With the decline of feed-in tariffs and net metering, distributed renewables providers need to explore new ways to provide value through these installations. While the costs of solar and wind installations have fallen sharply in the last decade and can be significantly cheaper than sourcing electricity from the grid, their variability is a weak point. This means that although they produce cheap electricity, this may or may not be available when the customer needs it.
Energy storage systems can help with this issue, but they are still relatively expensive. An alternative solution is to provide a software-based platform that matches supply and demand in real-time. Although this optimization could be done at a local level using the available loads and generating assets, that is often not possible. This is where the aggregation of distributed renewables assets into mixed-asset virtual power plants (VPPs) comes into play. Self-consumption still offers the most value given current system cost and electricity rates; however, it should be viewed as the starting point for any plan to develop distributed renewables projects.
This Navigant Research report explores the potential revenue streams and other sources of value available to distributed renewables generation assets in front of the meter using VPPs (not considering those available through load management). It also explores the aggregation services and the solutions that are being developed around them. Navigant Research focuses on deregulated markets (also known as consumer choice markets) in this report due to their transparency, but the analysis and recommendations are valuable to players working in regulated markets as well. The report also examines the key challenges related to the implementation of renewables aggregation strategies and provides case studies of VPP-enabled renewables business models.