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市場調查報告書

區塊鏈 (TE) 平台用塊環鏈

Blockchain for Transactive Energy Platforms

出版商 Navigant Research 商品編碼 590809
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 14 Pages; 3 Tables, Charts & Figures
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區塊鏈 (TE) 平台用塊環鏈 Blockchain for Transactive Energy Platforms
出版日期: 2017年12月11日 內容資訊: 英文 14 Pages; 3 Tables, Charts & Figures
簡介

本報告提供區塊鏈 (TE) 系統的塊環鏈使用的可能性討論著,方案的多樣性,應用的目標,及塊環鏈應用、TE計劃的偏好等討論,對TE的必要條件、塊環鏈帶給TE體系事情的分析,對採用塊環鏈技術的TE解決方案的潛在開發者的建議等。

第1章 摘要整理

第2章 市場更新

  • 塊環鏈的頻譜
  • 以傳統TE範圍的一部分為焦點下的最新的塊環鏈試用

第3章 使用TE的必要條件及塊環鏈的可能性

  • 所謂塊環鏈帶給TE體系的東西 (以及未帶來的東西)
  • 主要的TE流程的塊環鏈的使用方法
    • 價值的決策
    • 談判
    • 響應式互連
    • 契約
    • 電力/能源流通量監測、檢驗
    • 協定
    • 審核、報告
  • 主要的塊環鏈TE系統

第4章 建議

目錄
Product Code: RB-BTEP-17

The transition of the electric power grid from one-way power to two-way power (what Navigant Research calls the Energy Cloud) has been underway for several years, bringing numerous benefits. However, distributed generation (DG) also causes complications for grid operators. Intermittent generation introduces challenges to power quality, equipment reliability, and network balancing, and DG requires extra precautions to ensure the safety of lineworkers. The costs of dealing with these issues-and any DER subsidies-are typically borne by the utility customer base, leading to complaints that traditional customers are unfairly burdened for the benefits enjoyed by DER owners. These factors, among others, are leading to falling subsidies for DER, significantly affecting the economics of PV, wind, and storage investments.

Transactive energy (TE) is a two-way grid management approach that both ensures the proper functioning of power networks that have large amounts of DER and allows DER owners to earn a commensurate return on their investments. Blockchain is an IT technology that supports transactions of various types, typically deployed on a decentralized basis. As such, it has received significant attention as a potential technology to underpin a TE platform. But are TE and blockchain an appropriate match in practice? There is no simple answer to that question because of the many different blockchain applications and TE programs. While blockchain is neither a panacea nor a one-size-fits-all solution, there are likely some good TE scenarios for which blockchain will provide significant benefits.

This Navigant Research report discusses potential blockchain use cases in TE systems, with a focus on TE taking place within the distribution grid. The study discusses the diversity of scenarios, application goals, and flavors of blockchain applications and TE programs. It also examines the requirements for TE and what blockchain brings to the TE table and provides recommendations for potential developers of TE solutions employing blockchain technology.

Key Questions Addressed:

  • What is blockchain?
  • What is transactive energy (TE)?
  • What are the requirements of TE?
  • How does blockchain support TE?
  • What are blockchain's limitations in TE?
  • What are Navigant Research's recommendations to companies interested in blockchain?

Who needs this report?

  • Energy trading companies
  • Energy companies
  • Energy service companies
  • Blockchain startups
  • Distributed energy resources (DER) aggregators
  • Utilities
  • Regulators
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

2. Market Update

  • 2.1. The Blockchain Spectrum
  • 2.2. Recent Blockchain Trials Focus on a Portion of the Traditional TE Scope

3. Requirements for TE and Potential Use of Blockchain

  • 3.1. What Blockchain Brings to the TE Table (and What It Does Not)
  • 3.2. How Blockchain Might Be Used for Major TE Processes
    • 3.2.1. Value Determination
    • 3.2.2. Negotiation
    • 3.2.3. Responsive Interconnection
    • 3.2.4. Contracting
    • 3.2.5. Power/Energy Flow Monitoring and Verification
    • 3.2.6. Settlement
    • 3.2.7. Audit and Reporting
  • 3.3. Selected Blockchain TE Systems

4. Recommendations

List of Tables and Figures

  • Functions and Processes of a Distribution-Level TE Framework
  • Map of Blockchain Strengths to TE Framework Functions
  • Selected Blockchain TE Projects
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