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化學性威脅·生物學性威脅·爆炸物的威脅迴避的奈米&高度感應技術

Nano and Advanced Sensing Techniques for Combating Chemical, Biological and Explosive Threats

出版商 Technology Transfer Centre 商品編碼 317093
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 74 Pages
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化學性威脅·生物學性威脅·爆炸物的威脅迴避的奈米&高度感應技術 Nano and Advanced Sensing Techniques for Combating Chemical, Biological and Explosive Threats
出版日期: 2014年10月21日 內容資訊: 英文 74 Pages
簡介

化學性威脅、生物學性威脅、爆炸物造成的威脅等,為了從恐怖主義者的各種威脅中保護人民的性命財產安全,高敏感性及可靠性、可在早期檢測出威脅的技術輩受重視。奈米技術蘊藏了滿足可檢測出許多種威脅之有效平台的一切要件的可能性。

化学的脅威、生物学的脅威、爆発物による脅威など、テロリストによるさまざまな脅威から人々を守り、安全を確保するため、感度および信頼性が高く、早期に脅威を検出できる技術が特に重要視されています。ナノテクノロジーは、多くの種類の脅威を検出できる有効なプラットフォームのすべての要件を満たす可能性を秘めています。 当レポートでは、さまざまな化学的・生物学的脅威、爆発物による脅威を検出するためのさまざまな技術について調査し、関連の記事、プレスリリース、特許、活用例、レビューなどの情報をまとめています。

本報告提供各種化學性·生物學性威脅,提供您為了偵測出爆炸物威脅的各種技術之相關調查,相關報導,新聞稿,專利,活用案例,檢討等資訊。

  • 簡介
    • 迴避化學性威脅·生物學性威脅·爆炸物威脅的主要推進因素
  • 電子鼻
    • 電子鼻感測器
    • 新聞稿:化學氣體武器偵測為了的電子化的「鼻子」
    • 新聞稿:「電子鼻」原型的開發
    • Cambridge CMOS Sensors (CCS)
    • The Biomedical Sensors Laboratory, Warwick University
  • 導電性聚合物
    • 專利:高流量化學感測器
  • 化學場效應晶體管(FET)
    • 專利:氯氣感應FET
    • 簡報:透過可發揮化學性機能的奈米碳管FET的有機磷神經劑(沙林毒氣等)之輔助ppm偵測用創新氣體感測器
    • FET和Porphyrin LB薄膜的氣體感測器
    • 可偵測有毒氣體·危險奈米粒子的高感度低成本的矽碳化物氣體感測器
    • 利用多孔性白金·鎢氧化物薄膜之一氧化碳氣體偵測的高感度MIS結構FET感測器
    • 免標定化學/生物學性感測器的碳奈米結構FET
    • 評估:碳奈米材料FET生物感應器
  • 壓電感測器
    • 評估:化學·生物學性偵測用壓電微電化學諧振感測器
    • 專利:電子化學·壓電測量用離子性液體薄層感測器
  • SAW(表面聲波)感測器
    • 計劃:有害氣體的智慧檢測器
    • 檢測化學武器用的合成塗料SAW感測器
    • 偵測容器內危險物品的系統及手法
    • 檢測化學武器用的氧化物薄膜(ZnO·TeO2·SnO2·TiO2)SAW電子鼻
    • 評估:生物分析領域的SAW感測器最近的趨勢與課題
    • SAW氣體感測器:有機磷化合物的偵測
  • FPW(Flexural Plate Wave)感測器
    • 利用了FPW設備·磁粒子的檢測·分析手法及設備
  • 感測器陣列
    • cross-responsive sensor陣列為基礎的可搬內建式有害氣體檢測設備
    • 開發化學武器偵測·辦識用感測器陣列
    • TATP(triacetone triperoxide )蒸氣檢測用比色感測器陣列
    • 偵測氣體·液體爆炸物用多色傳感器陣列
  • 光纖/光學傳感器
    • 爆炸物·毒性化學品的光偵測分子·材料
    • 有毒物·生物學性威脅偵測的光纖感測器
  • Cantilevers
  • 化學電阻
  • 化學電容感測器
  • 偵測化學·生物學性威脅用光譜學手法
  • 支援奈米複合材料的感應
  • 光生物感應器
  • 兆赫波技術
  • 核共振熒光(NRF:Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence)
  • 放射線檢測設備
  • 偵測爆炸物的電化學感測器
  • 質量為基礎的感測器
  • 光纖感測器
  • 照片分子冷光偵測
  • 光譜學的手法
  • 兆赫波偵測
  • 表面增強Raman散亂
  • 催化劑化學冷光(Cataluminescence)
  • 生物感應器·奈米生物感應器
  • 奈米感測器
  • 奈米線
  • 多模態奈米碳管感應平台
  • 其他
  • 附錄
目錄

In recent years, in the quest for ensuring the safety of populations against the potential use by terrorists of a wide range of chemical, biological and explosive threats has underlined the need for early, sensitive and reliable detection. This has led to research on new advanced sensing technologies that can offer protection of life and property.

Nanotechnology has the potential to satisfy all the requirements for an effective platform for the trace detection of many, if not all, of chemical, biological and explosive-based threats. The high sensitivity and selectivity of nanosensors can be utilised in detecting for example, biological threats like anthrax, plague, smallpox etc. They can also be used for detecting explosives and in the detection of toxic gas agents such as sarin.

In this report, over 30 technologies that can be deployed in sensing, and their wide-ranging applications, are described. For each technology, abstracts of relevant papers explaining their utilisation, patents, press releases and reviews are included, along with links to further information.

Table of Contents

  • Nanotechnology and Sensing Methodologies for Combating Chemical, Biological and Explosives Threats
  • Introduction
    • Key Drivers in Combatting Chemical, Biological and Explosives Threats
  • Electronic Noses
    • Electronic Nose Sensor
    • Press Release: Electronic 'noses' to detect chemical warfare gases
    • Press Release: Engineers develop 'electronic nose' prototype
    • Cambridge CMOS Sensors (CCS), Cambridge, UK
    • The Biomedical Sensors Laboratory, Warwick University
  • Conductive Polymers
    • Patent: High-flux chemical sensors
  • Chemical Field Effect Transistors
    • Patent: A chlorine gas sensitive field effect transistor
    • Presentation: Innovative gas sensors for sub-ppm detection of organophosphorus nerve agents (such as sarin) by chemically functionalized carbon nanotube field-effect transistors:
    • A gas sensor fabricated with field-effect transistors and Langmuir-Blodgett film of porphyrin.
    • Sensitive, low-cost silicon carbide-based gas sensors can detect toxic emissions and hazardous nanoparticulate matter in previously untenable environments.
    • Highly sensitive metal-insulator-semiconductor field-effect transistor sensors for detecting carbon monoxide gas using porous platinum and tungsten oxide thin films
    • Carbon nanostructure-based field-effect transistors for label-free chemical/biological sensors.
    • Review: Carbon nanomaterials field-effect-transistor-based biosensors.
  • Piezoelectric sensors
    • Review: Piezoelectric microelectromechanical resonant sensors for chemical and biological detection
    • Patent: Ionic liquid thin layer sensor for electrochemical and/or piezoelectric measurements
  • Surface Acoustic Wave Sensors
    • Project: Smart detector for toxic gases
    • Nanocomposite coated surface acoustic wave sensor for chemical warfare agent detection
    • System and method for detecting hazardous materials inside containers
    • Oxide thin films (ZnO, TeO2, SnO2, and TiO2) based surface acoustic wave (SAW) E-nose for the detection of chemical warfare agents
    • Review: Surface acoustic wave sensors in the bioanalytical field: Recent trends and challenges
    • A surface acoustic wave gas sensor: detection of organophosphorus compounds
  • Flexural Plate Wave Sensors
    • Method and apparatus for detection of analyte using a flexural plate wave device and magnetic particles
  • Sensor Arrays
    • A portable embedded toxic gas detection device based on a cross-responsive sensor array
    • The development of a sensor array for the detection and recognition of chemical warfare agents.
    • A colorimetric sensor array for detection of triacetone triperoxide vapor
    • Multi-colorimetric sensor array for detection of explosives in gas and liquid phase
  • Optical fibres / photonic sensors
    • Molecules and materials for the optical detection of explosives and toxic chemicals
    • Fiber optic sensors for the detection of toxic and biological threats
  • Cantilevers
    • Self-exciting, self-sensing piezoelectric cantilever sensor
    • Poster: Sensing of an explosive precursor with zeolite-modified cantilevers
    • Thesis: Cantilever array for chemical sensing: development of moisture-independent sensor with possible application in explosive detection
  • Chemiresistors
    • A Review: Carbon Nanotubes as Active Components for Gas Sensors
    • Summary of "On the Sensing Mechanism in Carbon Nanotube Chemiresistors."
  • Chemicapacitive sensors.
    • Chemicapacitive microsensors for volatile organic compound detection
  • Spectroscopic methods for chemical and biological threat agent detection
    • A review: Functionalized gold nanoparticle-supported sensory mechanisms applied in detection of chemical and biological threat agents.
    • Laser spectroscopy for the detection of chemical, biological and explosive threats
    • Active Metamaterial Based Terahertz Polarimetry for Spectroscopic Detection of Chemical and Biological Hazards.
  • Nanocomposite enabled sensing
    • Gas Semiconducting Sensors Based on Metal Oxide Nanocomposites
  • Optical biosensors
    • Review: Nanomaterial-based biosensors for environmental and biological monitoring of organophosphorus pesticides and nerve agents
    • Paper: Nanoparticle-based optical biosensors for the direct detection of organophosphate chemical warfare agents and pesticides
  • Terahertz wave technology.
    • Press Release: Remote sensing to help detect hidden explosives
  • Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence (NRF)
    • Nuclear resonance fluorescence and effective Z determination applied to detection and imaging of special nuclear material, explosives, toxic substances and contraband
  • Radiation Detection Systems
    • Centronic and Radiation Detection
  • Electrochemical Sensors in Explosives Detection
    • Patent: Explosives detection sensor
    • Patent: Electrochemical method and sensor for the detection of traces of explosives.
    • Explosive detection techniques with the polymer sensors, metal oxide sensors and Quartz Crystal Microbalance (QCM) sensors
  • Mass Based Sensors.
  • Fibre Optic Based Sensors.
    • Press Release: Fiber-based sensor spots traces of explosives
  • Photoluminescence-Based Detection.
    • Article: Research shines light on explosives detection
    • Patent: Method for detecting trace explosives using photoluminescence
  • Spectroscopic Methods.
    • Review: Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for detection of explosives residues: a review of recent advances, challenges, and future prospects
  • Terahertz Detection.
    • Review: Terahertz spectroscopy techniques for explosives detection
    • Press Release: Terahertz waves for explosives detection
    • Company: Teraview Ltd
  • Surface-enhanced Raman Scattering
    • Detection of explosives based on surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy
  • Cataluminescence
    • Sensor based on extracting multidimensional cataluminescence signals for identifying toxic gas
  • Biosensors, Nanobiosensors
    • Review: Sensors for detecting biological agents
  • Nanosensors
    • Nanoelectronic Device for Detecting Toxic Gases and Explosives
  • Nanowires
    • Nanowire Biosensors for Label-Free, Real-Time, Ultrasensitive Protein Detection.
  • Multimodal carbon nanotube sensing platforms
    • Review: Latest advances in modified/functionalized carbon nanotube-based gas sensors
  • Miscellaneous
    • Functionalized particles for composite sensors
    • Review: Nanomaterial-based electrochemical detection of explosives: a review of recent developments
  • Appendix 1 : Nanotechnology sensors for the detection of trace explosives
  • Additional Reading
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