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市場調查報告書

環境政策的全球鋼鐵業的影響:EU的鋼鐵產業的技術面、經濟性的性能評估

Impact of Environmental Policies on the Global Steel Industry: Technical and Economic Performance Assessment from the EU Perspective

出版商 Metal Bulletin Research 商品編碼 345527
出版日期 內容資訊 英文
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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環境政策的全球鋼鐵業的影響:EU的鋼鐵產業的技術面、經濟性的性能評估 Impact of Environmental Policies on the Global Steel Industry: Technical and Economic Performance Assessment from the EU Perspective
出版日期: 2015年11月24日 內容資訊: 英文
簡介

EU的鋼鐵廠商相關的環境相關法律規章在大幅變化旋渦之中,而且隨之商業環境劇烈變化,據信中長期也帶給製鋼成本大幅影響。

本報告提供全球環境政策的鋼鐵業的影響的相關調查,尤其以EU的鋼鐵廠商的影響為中心,朝向降低排放量的全球及EU域內的法律規章、政策、標準等概要,EU的鋼鐵製造商的各種策略、對策,鋼鐵業者的環境對策比較,各製造工程排放量,環境對策對製鋼成本的影響分析,高爐鋼鐵製造商環境排行榜,對EU ETS方案的想法,主要高爐鋼鐵廠房簡介等彙整資料。

第1章 全球CO2足跡的發展

  • 鋼鐵需求與GDP的關係性
  • 鋼鐵製造
  • EU的鋼鐵製造部門的溫室效應氣體排放

第2章 積極降低排放量的法律規章上的架構:概要

  • 國際的環境政策架構
  • 國際的相關法規
  • 排放量交易制度 (ETS:Emissions trading system)
  • 碳排放稅
  • EU的環境政策架構
    • 產業排放物指令
    • EU域內排放量交易制度 (EU ETS)
  • EU 給ETS的批判
  • 地區環境法律規章、標準規格
  • 實施的原則和懲罰條例

第3章 環保法規對EU鋼鐵業者的影響

  • 對引進環境政策的主要計畫
  • 降低排放的最佳化策略
  • 鋼鐵業者環境對策比較
  • 各製造工程排放量

第4章 歐洲的鋼鐵廠房中環境計劃對成本方面的影響

  • 調查手法
  • 摘要

第5章 EU的高爐鋼鐵製造商環境排行榜

第6章 歐洲的鋼鐵產業對EU ETS方案的批判

第7章 EU的主要的高爐鋼鐵廠房簡介

  • 簡介
  • ArcelorMittal Bremen (德國)
  • ArcelorMittal Atlantique (法國)
  • ArcelorMittal Fos-Sur-Mer (法國)
  • ArcelorMittal Gent (比利時)
  • ArcelorMittal Asturias (西班牙)
  • ArcelorMittal Lorraine (法國)
  • SSAB (瑞典/芬蘭)
  • Tata Steel Europe
  • voesalpine (奧地利)
  • Huttenwerke Krupp Mannesmann GmbH (HKM) (德國)
  • Rogesa Roheisenges/SAAR (德國)
  • ThyssenKrupp (德國)
  • ILVA (義大利)

附錄

目錄

Metal Bulletin Research (MBR) is now the first to publish a comprehensive and independent impact assessment study of EU environmental policies on European integrated steel producers performance, as well as forward outlook.

The report encompasses a comprehensive research programme, comprising site visits by dedicated MBR consultants, and direct interview with key environmental and strategy managers among the EU steel industry.

Why this new study is so important now

The environment regulatory and operating environment facing EU steelmakers is undergoing significant change and is expected to have a major impact on steelmaking costs in the medium-to-long term. Moreover, the anticipated adaptation of the new global environmental agreement in December 2015 would imply EU steelmakers experience would become topical for the global steelmaking community. At the time of writing, rising steel product imports and higher carbon costs are already some the biggest challenges facing the steel industry in Europe.

Many steelmakers and associated industry associations including EUROFER, believe that the current proposals for the European emissions trading system (ETS) will put the region's steel industry at further risk in terms of steel plant competitiveness and job losses.

Already, environmental regulations in the EU have already had a substantial effect in determining plant- -by-plant modernisation, production and operation planning. In 2016, the EU benchmark cap for free allocations is expected to be revised down turning to deficit. Consequently, steelmakers will see further ramp up of regulatory and financial pressures.

For EU integrated steel mills, some have argued that the impact of Phase III of ETS will see emissions costs increase to levels of around €15- 25/tonne on a crude steel basis. These costs would represent 25-60% of average EBITDA margins of the EU steel industry over the last few years.

Even more environmental pressure planned on EU mills will have crude steel production migrate to regions of lesser restrictions, with the effect that both EU steelmaking and global climate protection overall will suffer.

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This brand new and exclusive study provides the following:

Independent overview of the environmental legalisation framework currently adopted in the EU

The evolution of the global and EU environmental legal framework. A detailed analysis of adopted and currently active legal acts and emission limits faced by steelmakers in the EU

Apparent CO2 emissions by steelmaking process in 2014 for each EU integrated production site is supplied in the study, including BOF steelmaking, coke making, sintering, pelletizing plant and vacuum degassing/ladle

Historic carbon emission released and carbon intensity statistics by plant for major EU EAF and BOF steelmakers

Analysis of the direct economic effect environmental legislations to-date are having on the performance of European integrated steel producers including:

  • Ghent, ArcelorMittal
  • Dunkirk, ArcelorMittal
  • Fos-sur-mer, ArcelorMittal
  • Bremen, ArcelorMittal
  • Ostrava, ArcelorMittal
  • Galati, ArcelorMittal
  • Duisburg-Bruckhausen, ThyssenKrupp
  • Taranto, ILVA Riva
  • IJmuiden, TATA Steel
  • Krakow, ArcelorMittal
  • Raahe, Ruukki/SSAB
  • Salzgitter, Salzgitter Flachstahl
  • Dillingen, ZKS
  • Port Talbot, TATA Steel

Forecast effect of the reduction in free carbon emissions allowances on carbon prices (€/t) from 2016 out to 2020

What strategic actions are each major EU steelmaker adopting and what are the viable decarbonisation strategies available?

How does each steelmaker rank on a scale in terms of emissions reduction, environmental project capex, degree of innovations and age of steel making facilities? In short, which steelmakers are the most decarbonisation savvy and which are lagging behind?

Analysis of the direct impact environmental investment projects have had on the cost of crude steel production at each major EU individual integrated steelmaking site

Actual list of standalone environmental investments and measures undertaken by each major EU steelmaker, and their individual impact on both operating and total costs on a by-plant basis. Key projects assessed in terms of capex and operating cost/saving impact for each major plant include:

  • Secondary dedusting units;
  • Moveable chimney on converter 2 at the steel workshop
  • Heat recovery systems at the sinter plant
  • A third walking beam furnace construction at the hot strip mill
  • Dust collectors at dispensers of sinter plant
  • Gas desulphurization system at the coking plant
  • Coking plant modernisation
  • Modernisation of power drives at the quarto plate mill
  • Steel mill power plant capacity ramp up from sustainable sources
  • Emission and dust control system installation at the power plant
  • Sludge drying and retention station for meltshop
  • Modernisation of two turbine blowers at blast furnace and many other projects

Detailed technical database detailing sintering, coking coal, DRI/HBI, blast furnace, BOF, vacuum degassing and ladle facilities for each selected EU plant

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For EU integrated steel mills, some have argued that the impact of Phase III of ETS will see emissions costs increase to levels of around €15- 25/tonne on a crude steel basis. These costs would represent 25-60% of average EBITDA margins of the EU steel industry over the last few years.

Even more environmental pressure planned on EU mills will have crude steel production migrate to regions of lesser restrictions, with the effect that both EU steelmaking and global climate protection overall will suffer.

The report encompasses a comprehensive research programme, comprising site visits by dedicated MBR consultants, and direct interview with key environmental and strategy managers among the EU steel industry.

Will rising emissions trading schemes (ETS) related costs of EU production signal new export opportunities for non EU steel producers?

In what way will new global environmental agreements due in December 2015 impact non-EU steel producers?

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: The development of the global CO2 footprint

  • 1.1 Relationship between steel demand and GDP
  • 1.2 Crude steel production
  • 1.3 EU steelmaking sector greenhouse gas emissions

Chapter 2: Overview of active emission abatement regulation framework

  • 2.1 International environmental policy framework
  • 2.2 International regulation framework
  • 2.3 Emissions trading system (ETS)
  • 2.4 Carbon tax
  • 2.5 EU environmental policy framework
    • 2.5.1 Industrial emissions directive
    • 2.5.2 European Union Emissions Trading System (EU ETS)
  • 2.6 Criticism of the EU emissions trading system
  • 2.7 Local environmental regulations and standards
  • 2.7 Enforcement principles and penalties

Chapter 3: Environmental regulations impact on EU steelmakers

  • 3.1 Key initiative for adaptation of the environmental policies
  • 3.2 Emissions abatement optimisation strategies
  • 3.3 Comparison of steelmakers' environmental performance
  • 3.4 Emissions by production process

Chapter 4: Cost impact of environmental projects at steel plants in Europe

  • 4.1 Methodology
    • Belgium, Ghent, ArcelorMittal
    • France, Dunkirk, ArcelorMittal
    • France, Fos-sur-mer, ArcelorMittal
    • Germany, Bremen, ArcelorMittal
    • Czech Republic, Ostrava, ArcelorMittal
    • Romania, Galati, ArcelorMittal
    • Germany, Duisburg-Bruckhausen, ThyssenKrupp
    • Italy, Taranto, ILVA Riva
    • Netherlands, IJmuiden, TATA Steel
    • Poland, Krakow, ArcelorMittal
    • Finland, Raahe, Ruukki/SSAB
    • Germany, Salzgitter, Salzgitter Flachstahl
    • Germany, Dillingen, ZKS
    • United Kingdom, Port Talbot, TATA Steel
  • 4.2 Summary

Chapter 5: EU BF producers environmental ranking

Chapter 6: European steel industry criticism of the EU ETS scheme

Chapter 7: Certain EU BF Steelmaking Facilities Profiles

  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 ArcelorMittal Bremen, Germany
  • 7.3 ArcelorMittal Atlantique, France
  • 7.4 ArcelorMittal Fos-Sur-Mer, France
  • 7.5 ArcelorMittal Gent, Belgium
  • 7.6 ArcelorMittal Asturias, Spain
  • 7.7 ArcelorMittal Lorraine, France
  • 7.8 SSAB, Sweden/Finland
  • 7.9 Tata Steel Europe
  • 7.10 voesalpine, Austria
  • 7.11 Hüttenwerke Krupp Mannesmann GmbH (HKM), Germany
  • 7.12 Rogesa Roheisenges/SAAR, Germany
  • 7.13 ThyssenKrupp, Germany
  • 7.14 ILVA, Italy

Appendix

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