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市場調查報告書

氣化的課題與未來的成本上的可能性

Gasification's Challenges and Future Cost Potential

出版商 Lux Research 商品編碼 307584
出版日期 內容資訊 英文
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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氣化的課題與未來的成本上的可能性 Gasification's Challenges and Future Cost Potential
出版日期: 2014年06月25日 內容資訊: 英文
簡介

透過氣化,生產者可利用複數的原料製造商用規模的合成氣。替代燃料為合成氣價值鏈下游的重要用途,非常依賴原料的可用性與地區市場需求。

本報告提供4種主要的氣化區隔的相關調查、這些氣化途徑對合成氣的經濟影響、廢棄物原料氣化之替代燃料的評估、廢棄物的液體燃料(WTL:waste-to-liquid)產業課題與成本方面的可能性等相關彙整。

摘要整理

形勢

  • 透過氣化,生產者利用複數的原料,可製造液體燃料及能源技術取向合成氣,不過有幾個競爭途徑

分析

  • 透過氣化製造的合成氣,升級為更高級的燃料。成本上雖然是能與石油競爭的等級,不過合成氣的承購人的焦點不僅是燃料

展望

圖表

  • 圖:固定台氣化爐:上流式 (左)、下抽式 (中)、平吸式(右)的設計
  • 圖:流體化床氣化爐的設計
  • 圖:噴流床式煤炭氣化爐的設計
  • 圖:等離子電弧氣化爐的設計
  • 圖:氣化技術和原料的適合性
  • 圖:各種途徑的合成氣製造成本比較
  • 圖:製造成本(石油1桶換算)
  • 表格:最近的氣化、合成氣製造燃料(Syngas-to-fuel)商用規模的設備
  • 表格:最近的氣化、廢棄物製造電力(Waste-to-power)商用規模的設備
  • 圖:混合式燃料製造的永續性分析:各原料、氣化途徑
目錄

Gasification enables producers to utilize multiple sources of feedstock to produce commercial-scale syngas. Alternative fuels, a significant downstream application in the syngas value chain, is highly reliant on the feedstock availability and local market demands. We investigated four key gasification types to understand how different gasification routes affect the economics of syngas, and built a cost model to quantify this difference. We further assessed the alternative fuels produced from waste feedstock gasification and disclosed the challenges and future cost potential in the waste-to-liquid (WTL) industry.

Table of Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

LANDSCAPE

Gasification enables producers to utilize multiple sources of feedstocks to produce syngas for liquid fuels and energy technology, but there are several competing routes.

ANALYSIS

Syngas produced from gasification is further upgraded into advanced fuels, and can be cost competitive with oil, but fuel is not the only focus of syngas off-takers.

OUTLOOK

Table of Figures

  • Figure 1: Graphic Fixed-bed Gasifiers: Updraft (left), Downdraft (middle) and Cross-draft (right) Designs
  • Figure 2: Graphic Fluidized-bed Gasifier Design
  • Figure 3: Graphic Entrained-flow Gasifier Design
  • Figure 4: Graphic Plasma Arc Gasifier Design
  • Figure 5: Graphic Gasification Technology Compatibility of Feedstock
  • Figure 6: Graphic Syngas Production Cost Comparison of Different Routes
  • Figure 7: Graphic Production Costs per Barrel of Oil Equivalent
  • Figure 8: Table Recent Gasification and Syngas-to-fuel Commercial Facilities
  • Figure 9: Table Recent Gasification and Waste-to-power Commercial Facilities
  • Figure 10: Graphic Suitability Analysis of Drop-in Fuel Production by Different Feedstock and Gasification Route
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