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市場調查報告書

未來電機用之功能性材料:金屬、無機/有機化合物、石墨烯、CNT

Functional Materials for Future Electronics: Metals, Inorganic & Organic Compounds, Graphene, CNT

出版商 IDTechEx Ltd. 商品編碼 249546
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 197 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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未來電機用之功能性材料:金屬、無機/有機化合物、石墨烯、CNT Functional Materials for Future Electronics: Metals, Inorganic & Organic Compounds, Graphene, CNT
出版日期: 2016年11月01日 內容資訊: 英文 197 Pages
簡介

隱形性及生物分解性、可折疊性、可食性、於人類腦部之憶阻器應用,及其他目前仍不可能實現的功能等,新的電子電器設備之化學性質,將是未來發展的重大關鍵。

本報告提供新電子、電器設備中被視為有潛力的化合物調查,為您彙整新電子電器設備的種類及概要、新電子電器設備上的各種零件、主要材料所實現的化學及物理特性、主要材料的適用性、主要企業的措施等詳細內容。

第1章 摘要整理、總論

  • 最重要的材料:3個標準
  • 化學品再度居於龍頭地位
  • 迴避風險的必要性
  • 最廣泛有益的化合物
  • 電子化最萬用的化合物
  • 顛覆性的新電子、電力設備:市場推動
  • 預測最被廣泛使用的微金屬、半導體:調查結果
  • 一般認為最廣泛需求的無機微化合物:調查結果
  • 無機化合物:37個設備家族的詳細調查結果
  • 一般認為最廣泛最重要的碳異構體:調查結果
  • 一般認為最廣泛最重要的有機細微化合物:調查結果
  • 最大的電池市場上鋰鹽類的調查結果
  • 尚未確立的組合
    • 聚合物電解質燃料電池用鉭氧化物催化劑
    • 鎢化合物:新用途
  • 結構性電子

第2章 前言

  • 目標要素
  • 合成與組合
  • 各種提供價值
  • 印刷
  • 廣泛應用
  • 易碎化學物
  • 墨水配合的課題
  • 企業規模不成問題
  • 未確定因素
  • 無機 vs 有機
  • 障礙
  • 太陽能發電
  • 企業的配合措施範例
  • 透過半導體的進化
  • 印刷與multi-layer電子、電力設備:需要新的設計規則
  • 超材料、奈米天線、憶阻器
  • 大型化工具組

第3章 最重要的新設備和必要條件

  • 導電圖像化:天線、電極、互連、超材料
  • CIGS太陽能電池
  • DSSC太陽能電池
  • 電泳顯示器、替代品
  • 無機LED
  • 充電鋰電池
  • 鋰/充電鋰電、PEM燃料電池
  • MEMS & NEMS
  • OLED顯示器、照明
  • 電子用半導體
  • 超級電容器
  • 超電容電池
  • 觸控螢幕
  • 結構性電子
  • 其他裝置
  • 引導新設備的新材料形態

第4章 奈米碳管、石墨烯

  • 奈米碳管
  • 石墨烯
  • 摘要
  • 113間公司簡介

第5章 新電子、電力設備的銦化合物

第6章 新電子、電力設備的鈦化合物

第7章 新電子、電力設備的鋅化合物

第8章 新電子、電力設備的氟化合物

附錄

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目錄

Specialist chemicals and materials will reach over $50 billion in 2023.

The chemistry of the new electronics and electrics is key to its future, whether it is invisible, tightly rollable, biodegradable, edible, employing the memristor logic of the human brain or possessing any other previously- impossible capability in a manufactured device. De-risking that material development is vital yet the information on which to base that has been unavailable. No more.

See how the metals aluminium, copper and silver are widely deployed, sometimes in mildly alloyed, nano, precursor, ink or other form. Understand the 12 basic compounds most widely used in the new electronics and electrics and compare them with compounds exhibiting the broadest range of appropriate electrical and optical functions for the future. Those seeking low volume, premium priced opportunities can learn of other broad opportunities. Indeed, we cover in detail all the key inorganic and organic compounds and carbon isomers. We show how the element silicon has a new and very different place beyond the silicon chip. Learn how the tailoring of a chosen, widely-applicable chemical can permit premium pricing and barriers to entry based on strong new intellectual property. For example, see which of 15 basic formulations are used in the anode or cathode of the re-invented lithium-ion batteries of 131 manufacturers and what comes next.

The chart below shows the breakdown of most popular inorganic compounds in new electronics including;

  • Aluminium compound
  • Boron compound
  • Copper compound
  • Gallium compound
  • Indium compound
  • Lithium compound
  • Manganese compound
  • Silicon compound
  • Titanium compound
  • Zinc compound

Most popular inorganic compounds in
the new electronics by device family*

*For the full data set please purchase this report
Source: IDTechEx

We identify 37 families of new and rapidly-evolving electronic and electric device, spanning nano to very large devices. Most chemical and material companies wish to de-risk their investment by finding common formulations across this new business that has a potential of over $50 billion for them. This will reduce R&D cost and provide escape routes to sell their current formulations elsewhere if they prove unsuccessful in the first application addressed. Indeed, the biggest markets for new and reinvented electrical and electronic devices may get commoditised first or collapse suddenly, leaving the materials suppliers high and dry. Read this report to avoid such a fate.

Who should buy this report?

All advanced chemical and material manufacturers and developers - both chemical companies and equipment manufacturers with deep vertical integration.

To a lesser extent those making the devices and key circuit technologies such as printed electronics, organic electronics, wide area electrics and very high volume electronics. Smart packaging. Smart labels. Investors and acquirors in these industries, particularly in advanced chemical and material manufacturers and developers. Academics and research centers covering advanced chemicals and materials for electronics and electrics. Particularly huge opportunity in Japan, Germany and USA.

Analyst access from IDTechEx

All report purchases include up to 30 minutes telephone time with an expert analyst who will help you link key findings in the report to the business issues you're addressing. This needs to be used within three months of purchasing the report.

Table of Contents

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

  • 1.1. The most important materials by three criteria
  • 1.2. Chemical giants reposition to benefit
    • 1.2.1. Itochu and partners
    • 1.2.2. BASF and partners
    • 1.2.3. Dow and others
  • 1.3. Need for de-risking
  • 1.4. The most widely useful compounds
    • 1.4.1. Many examples analysed
    • 1.4.2. Possible future importance of the chemistry of iron
  • 1.5. The most versatile compounds electronically
  • 1.6. Disruptive new electronics and electrics - the market pull
  • 1.7. Fine metals and semiconductors that will be most widely used - survey result
  • 1.8. Fine inorganic compounds most widely needed - survey results
  • 1.9. The inorganic compounds - detailed results for 37 families of device
  • 1.10. Allotropes of carbon most widely needed - survey result
  • 1.11. Fine organic compounds most widely needed - survey results
  • 1.12. Survey results for lithium salts in the biggest battery market
  • 1.13. Less prevalent or less established formulations
    • 1.13.1. Tantalum oxide catalyst for polymer electrolyte fuel cells
    • 1.13.2. Tungsten chemistry: new uses
  • 1.14. Structural electronics
  • 1.15. Double helix structure discovered in an inorganic material - November 2016

2. INTRODUCTION

  • 2.1. Elements being targeted
  • 2.2. Here come composites and mixtures
  • 2.3. Disparate value propositions
  • 2.4. Here comes printing
  • 2.5. Great breadth
  • 2.6. Fragile chemicals
  • 2.7. Challenges of ink formulation
  • 2.8. Company size is not a problem
  • 2.9. Uncertainties
  • 2.10. Inorganic vs organic
  • 2.11. Impediments
  • 2.12. Photovoltaics
  • 2.13. Examples of company activity
    • 2.13.1. Dow Chemical
    • 2.13.2. Merck, DuPont and Honeywell
    • 2.13.3. Bayer
  • 2.14. Progress with Semiconductors
  • 2.15. Printed and multilayer electronics and electrics needs new design rules
  • 2.16. Metamaterials, nantennas and memristors
  • 2.17. The toolkit becomes large
    • 2.17.1. Three dimensional
    • 2.17.2. Leveraging smart substrates
    • 2.17.3. Planned applications can have plenty of area
    • 2.17.4. Health and environment to the fore
    • 2.17.5. Three generations?

3. THE MOST IMPORTANT EMERGING DEVICES AND THEIR REQUIREMENTS

  • 3.1. Conductive patterning: antennas, electrodes, interconnects, metamaterials
    • 3.1.1. Silver flake inks continue to reign supreme for printing
    • 3.1.2. Alternatives gain share
    • 3.1.3. ITO Replacement
    • 3.1.4. 2D titanium carbide
    • 3.1.5. For RFID Tags
    • 3.1.6. For logic and memory
    • 3.1.7. For sensors
    • 3.1.8. For smart packaging
    • 3.1.9. For memristors
  • 3.2. CIGS Photovoltaics
    • 3.2.1. Brief description of technology
  • 3.3. DSSC Photovoltaics
    • 3.3.1. Brief description of technology
  • 3.4. Electrophoretic displays and alternatives
    • 3.4.1. Brief description of the technology
    • 3.4.2. Applications of E-paper displays
    • 3.4.3. E ink
    • 3.4.4. The Killer Application
    • 3.4.5. SiPix, Taiwan
    • 3.4.6. Alternatives - electrowetting
  • 3.5. Inorganic LED
  • 3.6. Li-ion battery rechargeable
  • 3.7. Rechargeable lithium/lithium metal battery and PEM fuel cell
  • 3.8. MEMS & NEMS
  • 3.9. Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED displays and lighting
  • 3.10. Power semiconductors
  • 3.11. Supercapacitor
    • 3.11.1. View of rollout of graphene based devices
  • 3.12. Supercabattery
  • 3.13. Touch screen
    • 3.13.1. Main Touch Technologies
    • 3.13.2. Leading Market Applications
    • 3.13.3. ITO Alternatives for touch screens
    • 3.13.4. Over 100 profiled organizations
    • 3.13.5. Transistor, diode, thermistor, thyristor for electronics
    • 3.13.6. Tungsten chemistry: new uses
  • 3.14. Structural electronics
  • 3.15. Other devices of interest
  • 3.16. New material formats will lead to new devices

4. CARBON NANOTUBES AND GRAPHENE

  • 4.1. Carbon nanotubes
  • 4.2. Graphene
    • 4.2.1. Graphene could reduce weight of batteries for electric vehicles
  • 4.3. Carbon nanotubes and graphene summary
  • 4.4. 113 organizations profiled

5. INDIUM COMPOUNDS IN THE NEW ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICS

  • 5.1. More than the story of ITO
  • 5.2. Key in the newer light emitting devices
  • 5.3. Quantum dots and FETs
  • 5.4. Cost and printability are challenges
  • 5.5. Oxide semiconductor with a new elemental composition

6. TITANIUM COMPOUNDS IN THE NEW ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICS

  • 6.1. Piezoelectrics, energy harvesters, supercapacitors, displays and sensors
  • 6.2. Allied topic photocatalysis

7. ZINC COMPOUNDS FOR THE NEW ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICS

  • 7.1. Dielectric for insulation, capacitors and other devices
  • 7.2. Improving the efficiency of UV LED

8. FLUORINE COMPOUNDS FOR THE NEW ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICS

  • 8.1. "Rechargeable lithium", alkali metal fluorides and other fluorine chemistry
  • 8.2. Fluoropolymer for solution-based OFET processing
  • 8.3. Other New Fluoropolymer Applications in 2015-6

TABLES

  • 1.1. Description and images of the 37 families of new electronics and electrics
  • 1.2. The 20 categories of chemical and physical property exploited by the key materials in the devices are identified
  • 1.3. Four families of carbon allotrope needed in the new electronics and electrics
  • 1.4. Organic materials used and researched for the 37 families of new electronics and electrics
  • 1.5. 138 manufacturers and putative manufacturers of lithium-based rechargeable batteries showing country, cathode and anode chemistry, electrolyte form, case, targeted applicational sectors and sales relationships and successes by veh
  • 1.6. Examples of relatively less prevalent or less established formulations than those examined earlier
  • 2.1. Examples of inorganic materials needed for printed electronics and their suppliers.
  • 2.2. Comparison of the more challenging inorganic and organic materials used in printed and potentially printed electronics
  • 2.3. Typical quantum dot materials from Evident Technologies and their likely application.
  • 2.4. The leading photovoltaic technologies compared
  • 3.1. Key chemicals and materials for conductive patterning: antennas, electrodes, interconnects, metamaterials
  • 3.2. Product Overview of conductive printed electronics
  • 3.3. Advantages and disadvantages of electrophoretic displays
  • 3.4. Comparison between OLEDs and E-Ink of various parameters
  • 3.5. 138 manufacturers and putative manufacturers of lithium-based rechargeable batteries showing country, cathode and anode chemistry, electrolyte form, case, targeted applicational sectors and sales relationships and successes by veh
  • 3.6. Some materials needs for small molecule vs polymeric OLEDs.
  • 3.7. Organisations working in touch screens
  • 3.8. The 20 categories of chemical and physical property exploited by the key materials in the devices are identified
  • 3.9. Four families of carbon allotrope needed in the new electronics and electrics
  • 3.10. Organic materials used and researched for the 37 families of new electronics and electrics
  • 4.1. Semiconductors
  • 4.2. Activities of 113 Organizations

FIGURES

  • 1.1. Inorganic elements and compounds most widely needed for growth markets in the new electronics and electrics over the coming decade
  • 1.2. Number of new device families using elemental or mildly alloyed aluminium, copper, gold, silicon and silver giving % of 37 device families analysed and typical functional form over the coming decade
  • 1.3. The anions or metals in the most popular inorganic compounds in the new electronics by number of device families using them and percentage of the 37 device families (there is overlap for multi-metal formulations). Main functional
  • 1.4. The incidence of the allotropes of carbon that are most widely being used, at least experimentally, for the 37 types of new electronics and electrics giving functional form and % and number of surveyed devices involved
  • 1.5. The families of organic compound that are most widely being used or investigated for the new electronics as % of sample and number of device families using them
  • 1.6. Cross sectional images of SEM (a, b) and BSEM (c) of Pt/TaOx catalyst on GC electrode
  • 2.1. Some of the most promising elements employed in research and production of the new electronics and electrics - much broader than today and away from silicon
  • 2.2. The increasing potential of progress towards the printing and multilayering of electric and electronic devices
  • 2.3. Attributes and problems of inorganic, hybrid and organic thin film electronics form a spectrum
  • 2.4. Likely impact of inorganic printed and potentially printed technology to 2020 - dominant technology by device and element. Dark green shows where inorganic technology is extremely important for the active (non-linear) components s
  • 2.5. Mass production of flexible thin film electronic devices using the three generations of technology
  • 2.6. Strategy options for chemical companies seeking a major share of the printed electronics market, with examples.
  • 2.7. Metal interconnect and antennas on a BlueSpark printed manganese dioxide zinc battery supporting integral antenna and interconnects
  • 3.1. Negative refractive index metamaterial bends electromagnetic radiation the "wrong" way
  • 3.2. Split ring resonator and micro-wire array that form negative refractive index material when printed together in the correct dimensions
  • 3.3. Schematic representation of a CIGS thin film solar cell
  • 3.4. Principle of operation of electrophoretic displays
  • 3.5. E-paper displays on a magazine sold in the US in October 2008
  • 3.6. Retail Shelf Edge Labels from UPM
  • 3.7. Secondary display on a cell phone
  • 3.8. Amazon Kindle 2, launched in the US in February 2009
  • 3.9. Electrophoretic display on a commercially sold financial card
  • 3.10. Flow chart of the manufacture process
  • 3.11. Process for printing LEDs
  • 3.12. OLED structure showing left the vacuum -based technology
  • 3.13. Examples of OLED light-emitting and hole transport molecules
  • 3.14. Functions within a small molecule OLED, typically made by vacuum processing
  • 3.15. Illustration of how the active matrix OLED AMOLED is much simpler than the AMLCD it replaces.
  • 3.16. Families of power semiconductor
  • 3.17. Latest power semiconductors by frequency of use
  • 3.18. View of the rollout of graphene in advanced electrical and electronic components
  • 3.19. Touch market forecast by technology in 2012
  • 3.20. Conductance in ohms per square for the different printable conductive materials, at typical thicknesses used, compared with bulk metal, where nanotubes refers to carb on nanotube or graphene
  • 4.1. Structure of single-wall carbon nanotubes
  • 4.2. The chiral vector is represented by a pair of indices (n, m). T denotes the tube axis, and a1 and a2 are the unit vectors of graphene in real space
  • 4.3. Graphene - the world's thinnest material isolated at The University of Manchester
  • 4.4. Targeted applications for carbon nanotubes by Eikos
  • 7.1. Zinc oxide nanowires
  • 7.2. SEM image of the vertically-aligned Ga-doped ZnO nanofiber
  • 8.1. Energy harvesting technologies by power emitted
  • 8.2. Materials used in the most promising triboelectric harvesting demonstrators
  • 8.3. CYTOP amorphous fluoropolymer
  • 8.4. Rotating 40 mm electret energy harvester
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