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市場調查報告書 - 217811

產業用及商業用的電動運輸機器(EV)市場:混合動力式·純電力式的預測·機會·企業

Industrial & Commercial Hybrid & Pure Electric Vehicles 2013-2023: Forecasts, Opportunities, Players

出版商 IDTechEx Ltd.
出版日期 2013年12月31日 內容資訊 英文 232 Pages
價格
產業用及商業用的電動運輸機器(EV)市場:混合動力式·純電力式的預測·機會·企業 Industrial & Commercial Hybrid & Pure Electric Vehicles 2013-2023: Forecasts, Opportunities, Players
出版日期: 2013年12月31日 內容資訊: 英文 232 Pages
簡介

產業用及商業用電動運輸機器(EV)的銷售額,佔目前EV整體市場的60%,一般預測市場規模在今後10年間將擴大到4.2倍。這個領域包含了堆高機等重物運送機器、公車、卡車、計程車、作業船及商業船等,雖然未來的商業用電動飛機也有加入的可能,但主要的仍是越野工業用車及道路用商業車。產業用EV可望緩和交通擁擠,一般預測對大幅削減環境污染物質及達成各國在環保上的目標都會有所貢獻,但和其他種類的EV不同,該市場極少需依賴補助金制度。

本報告網羅混合動力式和純電力式的產業用EV和商業用EV整體資料,闡明技術與市場的趨勢,推動市場成長要素,各種EV市場趨勢,同時也介紹EV所使用的主要零件,為您概述為以下內容。

第1章 摘要整理和結論

  • 調查範圍
  • 分類與趨勢
  • 預測
  • 推動市場成長要素
  • 製造商數
  • 回歸到純電動式EV
  • 主要的零件
  • 為求成功的策略
  • 針對都市公車用可供選擇的方案
  • Electric Futures for Transport Conference 倫敦:教訓
  • 純電動式商用車的成功理由
  • 歐洲的見解
  • 產業用&商業用EV超過e-Car

第2章 簡介

  • 定義和調查範圍
  • 混合動力式和純電動式的比較
  • 混合動力式EV

第3章 產業用·商業用EV推動市場成長要素

  • 所有EV種類趨勢
  • 混合動力式EV推動市場成長要素
  • 商業用EV的優點

第4章 重工業用EV

  • 這個領域所包含的EV
  • 課題
  • 製造商清單
  • 市場預測

第5章 產業用及商業用的小型EV

  • 這個領域所包含的EV
  • 次級區分
  • 卡車
  • local service用EV
  • 機場所使用的EV
  • 小型搭乘用設備
  • 產業用的小型支援設備
  • 製造商清單
  • 市場預測

第6章 公車

  • 電動公車的歷史
  • 純電動公車
  • 德國的MAN混合動力式公車:超級電容器儲能並非電池
  • 市場預測

第7章 計程車

  • 中國,歐洲,墨西哥,英國,日本的電動計程車企劃
  • 2011年三菱自動車在日本實施的計程車引進企劃
  • 2011年後半引進墨西哥的計程車

第8章 產業用,商業用EV的主要零件

  • EV的類型
  • 各種燃料
  • 純電動式
  • 改良發展的pureEV
  • 系列 vs. 並行混合動力式
  • 混合動力式EV的運用方式
    • 插電式混合動力車
    • 充電消耗式混合動力車
    • 融合式
    • 持續充電式
    • 混合式
  • 微混合動力式是否名不符實
  • Deep hybridisation
  • 混合動力車價格價錢較高
  • 電池的成本和性能關鍵
  • 能源儲存技術的問題點
  • 超級電容器(Ultracapacitors) = 超級電容器(supercapacitors)
  • 超級電容器的最佳用途
  • 優點與不利點
  • 超級電容器電池替換的可能性
  • 超電容電池(bacitors)
  • 所謂增程器
  • 增程器所需要素
  • 3代增程器
  • 燃料電池增程器
  • 並用少量電源的最大出力
  • EV用環保發電技術
  • 高壓技術的趨勢
  • 為了提高能源密度/輸出密度零組件的選擇
  • 分散零組件的趨勢
  • 從flatness到smart skin的趨勢
  • 動力電池
  • 動力馬達
  • 定義和背景
  • 動力馬達的趨勢
  • 馬達的形狀
  • 馬達的裝載位置
  • 純電動EV - in-wheel electric wheels
  • 實用化的馬達範例
  • EV市場
  • 整體變化

附錄

圖表

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目錄

Table of Contents

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

  • 1.1. Scope of the report
  • 1.2. Categories and trends
  • 1.3. Forecasts 2012-2023
  • 1.4. Market drivers
    • 1.4.1. Synergies
    • 1.4.2. Importance of battery price
  • 1.5. Numbers of manufacturers
  • 1.6. Full circle back to pure EVs
  • 1.7. Key components
    • 1.7.1. Batteries
    • 1.7.2. Motors
    • 1.7.3. Power trains
  • 1.8. Winning strategies
  • 1.9. Many options just for urban buses
  • 1.10. Electric Futures for Transport Conference London 7 March 2013 - Lessons Learned
  • 1.11. Why pure electric commercial vehicles succeed: cars do not
  • 1.12. Collaboration
    • 1.12.1. RDM Telematics and Electronics - Niche Vehicle Network - Coventry University, CU HDTI, Warwick University WMG Innovative solutions
    • 1.12.2. Lithium Balance - Lotus Engineering - Tennant Green - Pascal Chretien
    • 1.12.3. Bradshaw Electric - Taylor Dunn
  • 1.13. European view
  • 1.14. Industrial & Commercial EVs Eclipse e Cars

2. INTRODUCTION

  • 2.1. Definitions and scope of this report
    • 2.1.1. Learning from the past
  • 2.2. Hybrid and pure electric vehicles compared
  • 2.3. Hybrid electric vehicles

3. MARKET DRIVERS FOR INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL EVS

  • 3.1. Trends for all types of vehicle
    • 3.1.1. Peak car and light truck - different electric vehicles needed
    • 3.1.2. Market drivers for electric industrial and commercial vehicles
  • 3.2. Hybrid market drivers
  • 3.3. Advantages of electric commercial vehicles

4. HEAVY INDUSTRIAL EVS

  • 4.1. What is included
  • 4.2. Challenges
  • 4.3. Listing of manufacturers
    • 4.3.1. Statistics for all types of industrial lift truck
    • 4.3.2. Manufacturers of heavy industrial EVs
  • 4.4. Market forecasts 2012-2023

5. LIGHT INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL EVS

  • 5.1. What is included
    • 5.1.1. One quarter of commercial vehicles in Germany can be electric now?
    • 5.1.2. Guidance from a recent UK event on industrial and commercial EVs
    • 5.1.3. Nissan van arrives
  • 5.2. Sub categories
  • 5.3. Trucks
    • 5.3.1. Balqon Pure Electric Trucks
    • 5.3.2. China Vehicles Company
    • 5.3.3. Daimler Fuso
    • 5.3.4. ePower Engine Systems USA
    • 5.3.5. Nissan Japan
    • 5.3.6. Via Motors USA
    • 5.3.7. XL Hybrids
  • 5.4. EVs for local services
    • 5.4.1. Peugeot Citroën and Mitsubishi Motors
    • 5.4.2. UPS & NREL
    • 5.4.3. Renault Nissan DHL
  • 5.5. Airport EVs
  • 5.6. Small people-movers
  • 5.7. Light industrial aids
    • 5.7.1. Mining - PapaBravo Canada
  • 5.8. Listing of manufacturers
  • 5.9. Market forecasts 2012-2023

6. BUSES

  • 6.1. History of electric buses
  • 6.2. Pure electric buses
    • 6.2.1. Smith - Wanxiang
  • 6.3. MAN hybrid bus Germany: supercapacitor not battery
  • 6.4. OLEV technology for Korean buses in 2013
  • 6.5. ABB intermittent overhead charging
  • 6.6. Market forecast for buses 2012-2023

7. TAXIS

  • 7.1. Electric taxi projects in China, Europe, Mexico, UK, UK, Japan
  • 7.2. Huge order from the Philippines in 2013

8. KEY COMPONENTS FOR INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL ELECTRIC VEHICLES

  • 8.1. Types of electric vehicle
  • 8.2. Many fuels
  • 8.3. Born electric
  • 8.4. Pure electric vehicles are improving
  • 8.5. Series vs parallel hybrid
  • 8.6. Modes of operation of hybrids
    • 8.6.1. Plug in hybrids
    • 8.6.2. Charge-depleting mode
    • 8.6.3. Blended mode
    • 8.6.4. Charge-sustaining mode
    • 8.6.5. Mixed mode
  • 8.7. Microhybrid is a misnomer
  • 8.8. Deep hybridisation
  • 8.9. Hybrid vehicle price premium
  • 8.10. Battery cost and performance are key
  • 8.11. Tradeoff of energy storage technologies
  • 8.12. Ultracapacitors = supercapacitors
  • 8.13. Where supercapacitors fit in
  • 8.14. Advantages and disadvantages
  • 8.15. Can supercapacitors replace batteries?
  • 8.16. Supercabatteries or bacitors
  • 8.17. What is a range extender?
  • 8.18. What will be required of a range extender 2012-2023
  • 8.19. Three generations of range extender
    • 8.19.1. First generation range extender technology
    • 8.19.2. Second generation range extender technology
    • 8.19.3. Third generation range extender technology
  • 8.20. Fuel cell range extenders
  • 8.21. Big effect of many modest electricity sources combined
  • 8.22. Energy harvesting on and in electric vehicles
  • 8.23. Trend to high voltage
  • 8.24. Component choices for energy density/ power density
  • 8.25. Trend to distributed components
  • 8.26. Trend to flatness then smart skin
  • 8.27. Traction batteries
    • 8.27.1. After the shakeout in car traction batteries
    • 8.27.2. The needs have radically changed
    • 8.27.3. It started with cobalt
    • 8.27.4. Great variety of recipes
    • 8.27.5. Other factors
    • 8.27.6. Check with reality
    • 8.27.7. Lithium winners today and soon
    • 8.27.8. Reasons for winning
    • 8.27.9. Lithium polymer electrolyte now important
    • 8.27.10. Winning chemistry
    • 8.27.11. Titanate establishes a place
    • 8.27.12. Laminar structure
    • 8.27.13. Niche winners
    • 8.27.14. Fluid situation
  • 8.28. Traction motors
  • 8.29. Definition and background
  • 8.30. Traction motor trends
  • 8.31. Shape of motors
  • 8.32. Location of motors
  • 8.33. Born electric - in-wheel electric wheels
  • 8.34. Examples of motors in action
  • 8.35. EV Market 2012-2023
  • 8.36. Total change

APPENDIX 1: IDTECHEX PUBLICATIONS AND CONSULTANCY

TABLES

  • 1.1. Some reasons why ICE vehicles are replaced with EVs
  • 1.1. Relevant characteristics of the three categories of industrial and commercial vehicle
  • 1.2. Global sales of heavy industrial (heavy lifting, eg forklift and heavy earthmoving/pulling) EVs by numbers, ex-factory unit price and total value 2012-2023, rounded
  • 1.2. Approximate number of manufacturers of electric vehicles worldwide in 2013 by application with numbers for China
  • 1.3. 212 electric vehicle models analysed by category for % asynchronous, power and torque of their electric traction motors and where intensive or rough use is most typically encountered. The rated power and traction data are enhanced
  • 1.3. Numbers of heavy industrial hybrid and pure electric vehicles by type 2012-2023, numbers thousands
  • 1.4. Global sales of light industrial and commercial EVs, including on-road trucks but excluding buses and taxis, by numbers thousands, ex-factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2012-2023, rou
  • 1.5. Breakdown of numbers for 2013
  • 1.6. Global sales of buses, ex-factory unit price and total value 2012-2023, rounded
  • 1.7. Global sales of electric taxis, ex-factory unit price and total value 2012-2023, rounded
  • 3.1. Some reasons why ICE vehicles are replaced with EVs
  • 3.2. Some primary hybrid market drivers
  • 3.3. Advantages of pure electric commercial vehicles, enjoyed to some extent by hybrid electric buses
  • 3.4. Potential challenges of electric commercial vehicles
  • 4.1. 27 examples of manufacturers of heavy industrial EVs by country
  • 4.2. Global sales of heavy industrial (heavy lifting, eg forklift and heavy earthmoving/pulling) EVs by numbers, ex-factory unit price and total value 2012-2023, rounded
  • 5.1. 150 manufacturers of light industrial and commercial EVs and drive trains by country and examples of their products
  • 5.1. Global sales of light industrial and commercial EVs, including heavy trucks but excluding buses and taxis, by numbers thousands, ex-factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2012-2023, round
  • 5.2. Breakdown of global market in 2010 for light industrial and commercial vehicles - global park, new vehicles, % electric, number electric, ex-factory unit price and value for the subsections Full Size Buses, Other On Road, Airport
  • 6.1. 79 examples of manufacturers of hybrid electric buses or their power trains (the main added value), with country of headquarters and image
  • 6.2. 36 Manufacturers of pure electric buses, country of headquarters and image
  • 6.3. TOSA bus specification
  • 6.4. TOSA charging infrastructure specification
  • 6.5. Forecast for electric buses 2012-2023
  • 7.1. 15 projects testing pure electric taxis
  • 7.2. Global sales of electric taxis, ex-factory unit price and total value 2012-2023, rounded
  • 8.1. Three generations of range extender with examples of construction, manufacturer and power output
  • 8.2. Traction battery technologies in 2012, number percentage lead acid, NiMH and lithium
  • 8.3. Traction battery technologies in 2022 number percentage lead acid, NiMH and lithium
  • 8.4. Traction battery technology by applicational sector 2010 and 2020, examples of suppliers and trends
  • 8.5. What is on the way in or out with traction batteries
  • 8.6. 71 vertically integrated lithium traction battery cell manufacturers, their chemistry, cell geometry and customer relationships (not necessarily orders)
  • 8.7. Summary of preferences of traction motor technology for vehicles
  • 8.8. Advantages vs disadvantages of brushed vs brushless vehicle traction motors for today's vehicles
  • 8.9. 68 industrial and commercial electric vehicles and their motor details.
  • 8.10. Global sales of heavy industrial (heavy lifting, eg forklift and heavy earthmoving/pulling) EVs by numbers, ex-factory unit price and total value 2012-2023, rounded
  • 8.11. Global sales of light industrial and commercial EVs, including on-road trucks but excluding buses and taxis, by numbers thousands, ex-factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2012-2023, rou
  • 8.12. Global sales of buses, ex-factory unit price and total value 2012-2023, rounded
  • 8.13. Global sales of electric taxis, ex-factory unit price and total value 2012-2023, rounded
  • FIGURES
  • 1.1. Numbers of EVs, in thousands, sold globally, 2012-2023, by applicational sector
  • 1.2. Ex-factory unit price of EVs, in thousands of US dollars, sold globally, 2012-2023, by applicational sector, rounded
  • 1.3. Ex-factory value of EVs, in billions of US dollars, sold globally, 2012-2023, by applicational sector, rounded
  • 1.4. Global sales of heavy industrial (heavy lifting, eg forklift and heavy earthmoving/pulling) EVs by numbers, ex-factory unit price and total value 2012-2023, rounded
  • 1.5. New Toyota forklifts
  • 1.6. Global sales of light industrial and commercial EVs, including on-road trucks but excluding buses and taxis, by numbers thousands, ex-factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2012-2023, rou
  • 1.7. Global sales of buses, ex-factory unit price and total value 2012-2023, rounded
  • 1.8. Global sales of electric taxis, ex-factory unit price and total value 2012-2023, rounded
  • 1.9. Electric vehicle upfront cost vs their traction battery energy storage
  • 1.10. Approximate number of manufacturers of electric vehicles worldwide by application in 2013
  • 1.11. Number of manufacturers of electric vehicles in China by application in 2013
  • 1.12. Possible evolution of affordable, mainstream electric cars and other electric vehicles
  • 1.13. Some new commercial electric vehicles shown at eCarTec in Europe
  • 1.14. Isuzu hybrid truck acting as road furniture in Tokyo in 2012
  • 1.15. Pure electric bus in China, in late 2012, with supercapacitors and no battery
  • 1.16. The Terra Motors e-trike
  • 2.1. EV sectors with the largest gross sales value and profits over the years
  • 2.1. Toyota hybrid outdoor forklift
  • 2.2. Electric vehicle value chain
  • 2.3. Advantages and disadvantages of hybrid vs pure electric vehicles and the electric vehicle markets they dominate.
  • 3.1. Efficiency in power needed per person per distance for different forms of on-road passenger transport
  • 3.2. Bus size vs fuel consumption
  • 4.1. Caterpillar CAT series hybrid diesel electric bulldozer
  • 4.2. Mitsubishi diesel electric hybrid lifter
  • 4.3. Top 20 industrial lift truck suppliers in 2011
  • 4.4. Lift truck market demand increase in 2012
  • 4.5. World industrial truck statistics/orders and shipments
  • 5.1. The tiny sales of pure electric on-road vehicle sales in Europe showing carrier goods EVs/ light industrial and commercial vehicles outselling pure electric passenger EVs, according to trade association AVERE
  • 5.2. Balqon Quiet-shift Technology
  • 5.3. Electric pick-up truck from China Vehicles Company
  • 5.4. Exhibited Daimler commercial vehicles
  • 5.5. The ePower truck
  • 5.6. The full-size pickup and a cargo van in use by PGE
  • 5.7. Citroën Berlingo electric light commercial vehicle
  • 5.8. e-NV200 van
  • 5.9. Electric bus in Nepal
  • 5.10. Mobile electric scissor lift by Wuhan Chancay Machinery and Electronics
  • 5.11. Garbage collecting electric car
  • 5.12. Pure electric light mining vehicles
  • 6.1. Pure electric bus in 1907
  • 6.2. Proposal for new London double decker hybrid electric bus
  • 6.3. Capoco driverless electric bus concept
  • 6.4. Insectbus concept
  • 6.5. 78 examples of hybrid electric bus producers by continent of headquarters.
  • 6.6. Pure electric bus manufacturers by continent
  • 6.7. MAN Lion urban hybrid bus
  • 6.8. MAN Lion urban hybrid bus in section showing supercapacitors (ultracapacitors) in place of traction battery
  • 6.9. ABB TOSA charging system
  • 6.10. Passenger space is not compromised, with onboard equipment packaged on the electric bus' roof.
  • 6.11. Rapid battery charging takes place at every third or fourth bus stop along the pilot project's route, which runs between Geneva airport and the city's exhibition center.
  • 6.12. The 38-kWh, water-cooled LTO (lithium titanate oxide) battery pack consists of 14 modules in series.
  • 7.1. Taxi fire caused by a bad lithium-ion battery in a Chinese electric taxi
  • 7.2. The Terra Motors e-trike
  • 7.3. Global sales of electric taxis, ex-factory unit price and total value 2012-2023, rounded
  • 8.1. ThunderVolt hybrid bus
  • 8.2. BAE Systems powertrain in a bus
  • 8.3. Hybrid bus powertrain
  • 8.4. Hybrid car powertrain using CNG
  • 8.5. Hybrid tugboat replacing a conventional ICE version to meet new pollution laws and provide stronger pull from stationary
  • 8.6. Some hybrid variants
  • 8.7. Evolution of plug in vs mild hybrids
  • 8.8. Trend to deep hybridisation
  • 8.9. Evolution of hybrid structure
  • 8.10. Price premium for hybrid buses
  • 8.11. Three generations of lithium-ion battery with technical features that are sometimes problematical
  • 8.12. Battery price assisting price of hybrid and pure electric vehicles as a function of power stored.
  • 8.13. Probable future improvement in parameters of lithium-ion batteries for pure electric and hybrid EVs
  • 8.14. Comparison of battery technologies
  • 8.15. Where supercapacitors fit in
  • 8.16. Energy density vs power density for storage devices
  • 8.17. Indicative trend of charging and electrical storage for large hybrid vehicles over the next decade.
  • 8.18. Evolution of construction of range extenders over the coming decade
  • 8.19. Examples of range extender technology in the shaft vs no shaft categories
  • 8.20. Illustrations of range extender technologies over the coming decade with "gen" in red for those that have inherent ability to generate electricity
  • 8.21. The principle of the Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cells
  • 8.22. Trend of size of the largest (in red) and smallest (in green) fuel cell sets used in 98 bus trials worldwide over the last twenty years.
  • 8.23. Evolution of traction batteries and range extenders for large hybrid electric vehicles as they achieve longer all-electric range over the next decade.
  • 8.24. Main modes of rotational energy harvesting in vehicles
  • 8.25. Main forms of photovoltaic energy harvesting on vehicles
  • 8.26. Maximum power from the most powerful forms of energy harvesting on or in vehicles
  • 8.27. Hybrid bus with range improved by a few percent using solar panels
  • 8.28. Possible trend in battery power storage and voltage of power distribution
  • 8.29. Mitsubishi view of hybrid vehicle powertrain evolution
  • 8.30. Flat lithium-ion batteries for a car and, bottom, UAVs
  • 8.31. Supercapacitors that facilitate fast charging and discharging of the traction batteries are spread out on a bus roof
  • 8.32. Here comes lithium
  • 8.33. Approximate percentage of manufacturers offering traction batteries with less cobalt vs those offering ones with no cobalt vs those offering both. We also show the number of suppliers that offer lithium iron phosphate versions.
  • 8.34. Location of motors sold in 2022 in vehicles in which they are fitted, in millions of motors and percent of all motors with all figures rounded. Figures in red refer to high priced motors and figures in green refer to low priced mo
  • 8.35. The Lohner-Porsche electric vehicle of 1898 showing its two in-wheel electric motors. Another version had four
  • 8.36. Mitsubishi in-wheel motor
  • 8.37. Numbers of EVs, in thousands, sold globally, 2012-2023, by applicational sector
  • 8.38. Ex-factory unit price of EVs, in thousands of US dollars, sold globally, 2012-2023, by applicational sector, rounded
  • 8.39. Ex-factory value of EVs, in billions of US dollars, sold globally, 2012-2023, by applicational sector, rounded
  • 8.40. Global sales of electric taxis, ex-factory unit price and total value 2012-2023, rounded

產業用及商業用的電動運輸機器(EV)市場:混合動力式·純電力式的預測·機會·企業是由出版商IDTechEx Ltd.在2013年12月31日所出版的。這份市場調查報告書包含232 Pages 價格從美金3495起跳。

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