市場調查報告書 - 209297

主動式RFID以及感測網路市場:2011年∼2021年

Active RFID and Sensor Networks 2011-2021

出版商 IDTechEx Ltd.
出版日期 2011年06月01日 內容資訊 英文 328 Pages
價格
本報告書已不再販售
主動式RFID以及感測網路市場:2011年∼2021年 Active RFID and Sensor Networks 2011-2021
出版日期: 2011年06月01日 內容資訊: 英文 328 Pages

本報告已在2014年01月04日停止出版。

簡介

本報告,調查分析主動式RFID以及感測網路市場,提供主動式RFID的產業別個案研究、主動式RFID的系統元件、主動標籤的建構、即時定位系統(RTLS)以及無線感測網路(WSN)的分析、市場的10年預測等,由下列摘要形式闡述。

第1章 簡介

第2章 主動式RFID個案研究的教訓

  • 參數以及應用的擴展
  • 製造業的主動式RFID個案研究
  • 運輸・汽車的主動式RFID個案研究
  • 航空產業的主動式RFID個案研究
  • 醫療的主動式RFID個案研究
  • 軍事部門的主動式RFID個案研究
  • 物流的主動式RFID個案研究
  • 零售業的主動式RFID個案研究
  • 其他

第3章 主動式RFID系統的元件

  • 標籤
  • 詢問機
  • 其他系統元件
  • 多標籤讀取
  • 主動式RFID系統物理設定的選擇
  • 選擇範圍
  • 系統面
  • 標籤、閱讀器或系統等級的網路
  • 裝置或網路的相關資料
  • 開放/封閉服務供應商存取
  • 網路內的網路
  • 隨意網路/網狀網路
  • 相容性的重要性
  • 頻寬的選擇
  • 供應商的個案研究
  • IDTechEx Active RFID and RTLS Conference的印象

第4章 主動標籤的建構

  • 整體結構
  • 電池
  • 燃料電池
  • 太陽能發電
  • 其他主動式RFID的電源:環境發電
  • 感光電容以及超級電容
  • 附感測器的主動式RFID

第5章 規格、隱私、類似技術

  • 規格
  • 無線的規制
  • 隱私問題
  • Bluetooth、WiFi、ZigBee、主動式RFID、NFC的比較以及併用

第6章 即時定位系統(RTLS)以及無線感測網路(WSN)

  • 三角測量、無線指紋、 多點定位系統
  • GPS
  • 來自AeroScout的WiFi RTLS
  • 供應商的個案研究:Ekahau USA
  • RTLS的其他形式
  • Near Field Electromagnetic Ranging(NFER)
  • 超寬頻
  • 即時定位系統的再生
  • 第3代的主動式RFID為WSN
  • 導入的3個波
  • 無所不在的感測網路(USN)以及TIP
  • 3個世代的功能定義
  • WSN的償付
  • 將來的供應鏈

第7章 市場

  • 價格敏感度
  • 尚有許多關卡需渡過
  • 標籤預測:2011年∼2021年
  • 對應RFID的行動電話
  • 系統+標籤整體的預測
  • 主動式RFID供應商
  • 系統預測(標籤除外):2011年∼2021年
  • 系統預測(包含標籤):2011年∼2021年
  • 總RFID市場
  • WSN的歷史以及預測
  • 供應商數:2011年∼2021年

附錄

圖表

目錄

Table of Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

1. INTRODUCTION

  • 1.1. Background
    • 1.1.1. Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
    • 1.1.2. Active vs passive RFID
    • 1.1.3. Sub categories of Active tags
    • 1.1.4. Three generations of active RFID
    • 1.1.5. Many different ideal frequencies for active RFID
    • 1.1.6. Smart Active Labels (SAL), Battery Assisted Backscatter
    • 1.1.7. Cumulative sales active vs passive
    • 1.1.8. Lessons from sixty years of active RFID
  • 1.2. Historic active RFID tag sales 2005 to 2010
    • 1.2.1. Progress in 2005
    • 1.2.2. Progress in 2006
    • 1.2.3. Progress in 2007
    • 1.2.4. Progress in 2008
    • 1.2.5. Progress in 2009
  • 1.3. The active RFID value chain and paybacks
    • 1.3.1. Value chain
    • 1.3.2. Project costs and paybacks
    • 1.3.3. Cost versus RFID choice
  • 1.4. Total Asset Visibility
  • 1.5. Civilian logistics - Smart and Secure Tradelanes
  • 1.6. Five key priorities for TAV
  • 1.7. The $1 billion yearly potential in the prison service

2. LESSONS FROM CASE STUDIES OF ACTIVE RFID

  • 2.1. Spread of parameters and applications
    • 2.1.1. Military, Logistics and Automotive/ transportation are dominant applications so far
    • 2.1.2. Containers and vehicles are the main items that are tagged
    • 2.1.3. Frequencies are varied
    • 2.1.4. Ranges are varied
    • 2.1.5. Totally new types of battery
    • 2.1.6. The most important countries
  • 2.2. Case studies of active RFID in manufacturing
    • 2.2.1. Volkswagen, Germany - work in progress
    • 2.2.2. Peugeot, France - work in progress
    • 2.2.3. Club Car, USA - work in progress
    • 2.2.4. AM General, USA - part replenishment
    • 2.2.5. Merrimac Industries, USA - tracking folders
    • 2.2.6. BMW, UK - work in progress
  • 2.3. Case studies of active RFID in transportation and automotive
    • 2.3.1. 30 major car companies - vehicle immobilisers
    • 2.3.2. Shanghai Xinzhuang Bus Terminal, China - tracking buses
    • 2.3.3. NedTrain, The Netherlands - wheel maintenance
    • 2.3.4. Tracker/ Police, UK - locating stolen vehicles
    • 2.3.5. Hills, UK - numberplates
    • 2.3.6. Ford, USA - location of new cars
    • 2.3.7. Postauto Bus, Switzerland - bus terminal management
    • 2.3.8. Tranz Rail, New Zealand - freight management
    • 2.3.9. General Motors, USA - containers
    • 2.3.10. Shanghai Railway, China
    • 2.3.11. Hamburg Metro Germany
    • 2.3.12. Parking, Arizona State University, USA
    • 2.3.13. Korea World Cup vehicles
  • 2.4. Case studies of active RFID in the air industry
    • 2.4.1. Sepang Airport, Malaysia - catering trolleys
    • 2.4.2. Los Angeles International Airport/ Long Beach, USA - vehicle tolling & management
    • 2.4.3. Tacoma/ Seattle International Airport, USA - vehicle tolling & management / New York Newark International Airport, USA - vehicle tolling & management
    • 2.4.4. Orange County Airport, USA - vehicle tolling
    • 2.4.5. Hong Kong International Airport, China - catering trolleys
    • 2.4.6. Vienna International Airport, Austria - ground support equipment
    • 2.4.7. Charles de Gaulle International Airport, France - taxis
    • 2.4.8. Envirotainer, Belgium - unit load devices
    • 2.4.9. Air Canada - food trolleys
    • 2.4.10. Arlanda International Airport, Sweden parking
  • 2.5. Case studies of active RFID in healthcare
    • 2.5.1. National Health Service UK social workers
    • 2.5.2. Massachusetts General Hospital, USA people and assets
    • 2.5.3. St Elisabeth Medical Center patients USA
    • 2.5.4. Hospitals, Israel and elsewhere - patient and staff tracking/ alert
    • 2.5.5. Shelby County Regional Medical Center, USA - patient tracking
    • 2.5.6. Royal Sussex County Hospital, UK - assets
    • 2.5.7. HCA Hospital Dallas, USA - mother baby matching
    • 2.5.8. HCA Hospital Arlington, USA - mother baby matching
    • 2.5.9. French Blood Agency, France - chemovigilance
    • 2.5.10. Alexandra Hospital, Singapore - people tracking for SARS and National University Hospital Singapore - people tracking for SARS
    • 2.5.11. Hart District, UK - alarm for elderly
  • 2.6. Case studies of active RFID in the military sector
    • 2.6.1. Kosovo/ US Military - military assets and supplies
    • 2.6.2. Ministry of Defence, UK - military supplies
    • 2.6.3. NATO Supreme Allied Commander Transformation (SACT) assets
    • 2.6.4. Department of Defense, USA - medical supplies
    • 2.6.5. Bosnia/ UK Military - supply chain.
  • 2.7. Case studies of active RFID in logistics
    • 2.7.1. NYK Logistics, USA - intermodal freight containers
    • 2.7.2. Fluor Construction, USA pipe spools
    • 2.7.3. Brink' s, USA - transport container access
    • 2.7.4. Felixstowe Dock & Rail Company, UK - Rubber Tyre Gantry Cranes RTGC handling intermodal containers
    • 2.7.5. Agricultural Cooperative, France - vehicle tare weighing
    • 2.7.6. Yard management, USA
    • 2.7.7. Spittelau Thermal Waste Treatment Plant, Austria - trucks
    • 2.7.8. Seattle Tacoma Sea Port, USA - intermodal container seals
    • 2.7.9. Royal Mail, UK - roll cages
    • 2.7.10. Parcelforce, UK - postal trailers
    • 2.7.11. Mercator Transportation, USA - intermodal container tracking
    • 2.7.12. Lynx Express, UK - roll cages
    • 2.7.13. London Waste, UK - vehicles
    • 2.7.14. J.A.M Distribution and Cemex, USA - vehicle loading and fuelling
    • 2.7.15. HiroCem, Slovakia - trucks
    • 2.7.16. DHL and Nokia, UK/ Finland - cases
    • 2.7.17. Intermodal Cargo Shipments
    • 2.7.18. Carlisle Carriers, USA - tractors and trailers
    • 2.7.19. Alliant Atlantic Food, USA - access control
    • 2.7.20. Somerfield Supermarkets, UK - trucks
    • 2.7.21. Argos, UK - conveyances
    • 2.7.22. Paramount Farms, USA - farming vehicles
    • 2.7.23. Meat producer, Canada - case monitoring
  • 2.8. Case studies of active RFID in Retail
    • 2.8.1. Selfridges, UK - food containers
    • 2.8.2. Safeway Supermarkets, UK - trolleys
  • 2.9. Other
    • 2.9.1. HM Prison Service, UK - keys
    • 2.9.2. Delta Downs Racetrack and Casino, USA - keys

3. COMPONENTS OF AN ACTIVE RFID SYSTEM

  • 3.1. The tag
  • 3.2. The interrogator
  • 3.3. Other system components.
  • 3.4. Multi-tag reading (anti-collision)
  • 3.5. Choices of physical configuration of active RFID systems
    • 3.5.1. RFID - basic operation
    • 3.5.2. One at a time or many at a time
    • 3.5.3. Active beacon tags - long range
    • 3.5.4. Signpost system for long range active tag configurations
    • 3.5.5. Real-time locating systems - long range
  • 3.6. Options on range
  • 3.7. Systems aspects
    • 3.7.1. Network vs stand alone
    • 3.7.2. Stand alone - polled vs not polled
    • 3.7.3. Networked - on-line
  • 3.8. Networking at tag, reader or system level
  • 3.9. Data on the device or network
    • 3.9.1. Spectrum of choice
    • 3.9.2. Data capture on the tag or not - a summary
    • 3.9.3. Continuous monitoring or not
  • 3.10. Open and closed service provider access
  • 3.11. Networks within networks
  • 3.12. Ad hoc / mesh networks
  • 3.13. The importance of interoperability
  • 3.14. Choice of frequency
    • 3.14.1. Licence free frequencies
    • 3.14.2. Ultra Wide Band
  • 3.15. Supplier case studies
    • 3.15.1. Parco Wireless
    • 3.15.2. Ubisense
    • 3.15.3. DSRC Industry Consortium
    • 3.15.4. TagMaster
  • 3.16. Impressions from the IDTechEx Active RFID and RTLS Conference

4. ACTIVE TAG CONSTRUCTION

  • 4.1. Overall construction
  • 4.2. Batteries
    • 4.2.1. Battery overview
    • 4.2.2. Coin type batteries
    • 4.2.3. Power Paper
    • 4.2.4. Solicore, USA
    • 4.2.5. Infinite Power Solutions, USA
    • 4.2.6. Cymbet, USA
    • 4.2.7. Blue Spark
    • 4.2.8. Research
  • 4.3. Fuel cells
  • 4.4. Photovoltaics
  • 4.5. Other power sources for active RFID - energy harvesters
    • 4.5.1. Case Study of Energy Harvesting powered Active RFID Sensors
    • 4.5.2. An Interview with EnOcean
  • 4.6. Photocapacitors and supercapacitors
  • 4.7. Active RFID with sensing

5. STANDARDS, PRIVACY AND ALLIED TECHNOLOGY

  • 5.1. Standards
    • 5.1.1. Standards for active RFID systems
    • 5.1.2. Benefits of standardisation
    • 5.1.3. Types of standard
    • 5.1.4. Open and closed application systems
    • 5.1.5. Standards organisations
    • 5.1.6. Types of standard relating to item level RFID
    • 5.1.7. When long range is a problem
    • 5.1.8. Summary of the essential standards issues and opportunities
  • 5.2. Radio regulations
  • 5.3. Privacy issues
  • 5.4. Bluetooth, WiFi, ZigBee, Active RFID and NFC compared and combined
    • 5.4.1. Bridging the gap
    • 5.4.2. Bluetooth and WiFi
    • 5.4.3. ZigBee
    • 5.4.4. Conventional active RFID
    • 5.4.5. Combinations
    • 5.4.6. Near Field Communications (NFC)
    • 5.4.7. RFID and communications interfaces
    • 5.4.8. A virtual connector
    • 5.4.9. Link to RFID smart cards
    • 5.4.10. NFC Forum
    • 5.4.11. Standardization of NFC

6. REAL TIME LOCATING SYSTEMS (RTLS) AND WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS (WSN)

  • 6.1. Triangulation, radio fingerprinting and multilateration
  • 6.2. GPS
  • 6.3. WiFi RTLS from AeroScout
  • 6.4. Supplier case study: Ekahau USA
  • 6.5. Another form of RTLS
  • 6.6. Near Field Electromagnetic Ranging (NFER)
  • 6.7. Ultra Wide Band
  • 6.8. Shakeout in Real Time Locating Systems
  • 6.9. Third Generation Active RFID is WSN
    • 6.9.1. Managing chaos and imperfection
    • 6.9.2. The whole is much greater than the parts
    • 6.9.3. Achilles heel - power
    • 6.9.4. View from UCLA
    • 6.9.5. View of Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers
    • 6.9.6. View of the International Telecommunications Union
    • 6.9.7. View of the Kelvin Institute
    • 6.9.8. Contrast with other short range radio
    • 6.9.9. A practical proposition
    • 6.9.10. Wireless mesh network structure
  • 6.10. Three waves of adoption
    • 6.10.2. Subsuming earlier forms of active RFID?
  • 6.11. Ubiquitous Sensor Networks (USN) and TIP
  • 6.12. Defining features of the three generations
  • 6.13. WSN paybacks
  • 6.14. Supply chain of the future

7. MARKETS

  • 7.1. Price sensitivity
  • 7.2. Many bridges to cross
  • 7.3. Forecasts for tags 2011-2021
  • 7.4. RFID Enabled Cellphones
  • 7.5. Forecast for total systems plus tags
  • 7.6. Active RFID suppliers
  • 7.7. Forecast for systems excluding tags 2011-2021
  • 7.8. Forecast of systems including tags 2011-2021
  • 7.9. Total RFID market
  • 7.10. WSN history and forecasts
  • 7.11. Number of suppliers 2011-2021

APPENDIX 1: GLOSSARY

APPENDIX 2: ACHIEVING EFFICIENT GLOBAL LOGISTICS EXECUTION

APPENDIX 3: IDTECHEX RESEARCH AND CONSULTANCY

TABLES

  • 1.1. Important functions that an active RFID tag can perform
  • 1.2. Benefits and disadvantages of active RFID vs passive RFID
  • 1.3. AIM survey of RFID user priorities
  • 1.4. The cumulative global sales of RFID tags active vs passive in millions to the beginning of 2010
  • 1.5. Sales of active RFID tags from 1944 to start of 2010
  • 1.6. Value of RFID active tag market in 2005
  • 1.7. Value of RFID active tag market in 2006
  • 1.8. Value Chain 2006
  • 1.9. Value of RFID active tag market in 2007
  • 1.10. Value Chain 2007
  • 1.11. Value of RFID active tag market in 2008
  • 1.12. Value Chain 2008
  • 1.13. Value of RFID passive tag market in 2009
  • 1.14. Value of RFID active tag market in 2009
  • 1.15. Value Chain 2009
  • 1.16. Cost structure of active vs passive RFID projects
  • 1.17. Active RFID in the prison and parole service
  • 2.1. Approximate distribution of case studies by range.
  • 3.1. Summary of today' s RFID physical configurations
  • 3.2. The spectrum of choice between stand alone and networked RFID systems
  • 3.3. The spectrum of choice between basic number plate tags and those with high data retention
  • 3.4. Spectrum of choice from short to long range
  • 3.5. Choice of active RFID tags - typical cost, range, memory
  • 3.6. The commonly used licence free frequencies for active RFID
  • 4.1. Shapes of battery for small RFID tags advantages and disadvantages
  • 4.2. The spectrum of choice of technologies for batteries
  • 4.3. Examples of potential sources of flexible thin film batteries
  • 4.4. Examples of universities and research centres developing laminar batteries.
  • 4.5. Comparison of conventional active RFID with temperature/ time recording and Smart Active Label (SAL) versions.
  • 5.1. The most important standards for active RFID
  • 5.2. The permitted frequency bands for RFID by territory
  • 5.3. Bluetooth, WiFi, ZigBee and Active RFID compared
  • 6.1. Defining features of the three generations of active RFID
  • 7.1. Global active RFID by value 2010-2021, tag vs non-tag (readers, software, services) in $ million
  • 7.2. Global market for active tags in millions 2010-2021
  • 7.3. Global market for active tags - unit prices in cents 2010-2021
  • 7.4. Tag market value of global market in millions of dollars 2010-2021
  • 7.5. Global market for readers, software and services in millions of dollars 2009-2019
  • 7.6. Sales of active RFID tags from 1944 to start of 2010
  • 7.7. Main frequencies by type
  • 7.8. The value of the RFID enabled active RFID cellphone market
  • 7.9. Some substantial opportunities for active RFID systems including tags in the next ten years
  • 7.10. Main present and future locations of active RFID tags
  • 7.11. The IDTechEx forecast for active RFID systems excluding tags 2010-2021
  • 7.12. The total global spend on active RFID systems plus tags in US$ millions
  • 7.13. Total active market as a portion of the total RFID market
  • 7.14. IDTechEx WSN Forecast 2010-2020 with RTLS for comparison
  • 7.15. Number of suppliers of active RFID doing serious business 2011, 2016, 2021

FIGURES

  • 1.1. RFID range required for typical applications
  • 1.2. Active tag from Identec for anti-theft
  • 1.3. Passive RFID compared with the various types of active RFID
  • 1.4. Road map of development of active RFID and allied technologies
  • 1.5. RFID hierarchy
  • 1.6. Active RFID characteristics
  • 1.7. Frequency versus range
  • 1.8. SAL-C concept of a warehouse managed using disposable SALs on packages.
  • 1.9. An active RFID car clicker working in semi-active mode at 433 MHz
  • 1.10. Value chain for active RFID in 2010
  • 1.11. RFID value chain in 2021
  • 1.12. RFID read range versus cost for different RFID systems
  • 1.13. Typical military deployment of active RFID tags
  • 1.14. A military viewpoint of active RFID
  • 1.15. Active RFID interrogator deployment in the Iraq war
  • 1.16. Mobile interrogators in the Iraq war
  • 1.17. Write terminal and docking station
  • 1.18. Survey of priorities in sea freight by AT Kearney
  • 1.19. Sealing and anti-tamper capability with intermodal containers
  • 1.20. Smart and Secure Tradelanes active RFID seal being used to lock an intermodal container
  • 1.21. Final check of security at dock
  • 1.22. Security check of truck at customs point - interrogator monitoring active RFID tag
  • 1.23. Some of the potential benefits throughout the supply chain
  • 1.24. RFID protecting keys against theft or misuse.
  • 1.25. Wristwatch transmitters worn by inmates
  • 1.26. Belt transmitters worn by officers and staff
  • 2.1. Active RFID wrist strap to protect disoriented patients
  • 2.2. TransCore system in action showing interrogators mounted on an overhead walkway
  • 2.3. EIRIS Technology IRFIDTM Components
  • 2.4. EIRIS Technology Tags
  • 2.5. EIRIS Technology : Who, What, Where and When? - WWWWTM
  • 2.6. EIRIS System Architecture
  • 2.7. EIRIS Technology Optimal Installation
  • 2.8. ELPAS' System Architecture
  • 2.9. ELPAS' Healthcare Applications
  • 3.1. Basic operation of an active RFID system
  • 3.2. RFID - basic operation
  • 3.3. Short range semi- passive tags
  • 3.4. Active beacon tags - long range
  • 3.5. Antenna hierarchy of Savi EchoPoint active RFID system
  • 3.6. Savi EchoPoint active tag
  • 3.7. Various semi-active tags from Axcess Technologies
  • 3.8. Real Time Locating Systems - long range triangulation
  • 3.9. WhereNet/Zebra System Components
  • 3.10. Networks within networks - the "Russian Doll" approach
  • 3.11. Three generations of active RFID
  • 3.12. Technical performance for active RFID in crowded environments as a function of frequency in the view of Savi Technology
  • 3.13. UWB frequency spread compared with some alternative active RFID bands in the microwave region.
  • 3.14. A Ubisense healthcare application of UWB active RFID.
  • 3.15. The elements of the Parco Wireless UWB RFID system
  • 3.16. Parco UWB RFID tags
  • 3.17. Asset tags from Axcess
  • 4.1. The Power Paper battery
  • 4.2. The Infinite Power battery is very small
  • 4.3. Infinite Power batteries ready for use
  • 4.4. Cymbet lithium thin film flexible battery
  • 4.5. Relative performance claimed by Cymbet for its flexible batteries
  • 4.6. Carbon-zinc thin film battery from Thin Battery Technologies.
  • 4.7. Konarka photovoltaic flexible film
  • 4.8. Self-powered Wireless Sensor Technology from EnOcean
  • 4.9. Solar powered wireless sensor node
  • 4.10. Smart label road map
  • 4.11. Semi-passive RFID label from KSW Microtec
  • 5.1. Layers of logistic units
  • 5.2. The relative benefits and disadvantages of IEEE 802.11, IEEE 802.15.3a, IEEE 802.15.4 (WPAN)
  • 5.3. Examples of 802.11 and 802.15.5 tags and readers from Tagsense
  • 5.4. ZigBee hierarchy
  • 5.5. Siemens hierarchy of networks
  • 5.6. ISO 18000-7 devices
  • 5.7. X-Mark Systems prevent mismatching in hospitals
  • 5.8. Identec Solutions semi-active RFID personnel tag.
  • 5.9. Identec Solutions secure access configuration
  • 5.10. Verichip (X-Mark Systems) wander prevention system for disoriented elderly in care homes and hospitals
  • 5.11. Some applications for NFC, usually in the form of second generation (active RFID reader) cellphones
  • 5.12. Vending and ticket machine payment
  • 5.13. Smart posters
  • 5.14. Music downloads
  • 5.15. Frequent payments for less than £UK7 ($12.5) in a city such as London UK
  • 6.1. AeroScout WiFi RTLS tags
  • 6.2. AeroScout WiFi armbands
  • 6.3. Ekahau WiFi tag
  • 6.4. MicroStrain WSN node with 55 day battery life
  • 6.5. WSN compared with Bluetooth and WiFi in respect of power and data rate.
  • 6.6. WSN compared with other short range radio in respect of range and data rate typically available
  • 6.7. Detailed view of range vs data rate
  • 6.8. A basic wireless mesh network
  • 6.9. WSN backhaul
  • 6.10. Diagrammatic illustration of the three waves of adoption of active RFID.
  • 6.11. Possible area of deployment vs system cost
  • 6.12. Tolerance of faults and unauthorised repositioning vs system cost
  • 6.13. Tag cost today vs system cost
  • 6.14. Number of tags per interrogator vs system cost
  • 6.15. Infrastructure cost vs system cost
  • 6.16. RTLS progress towards the ultimate supply chain
  • 7.1. The future lower tag price - larger yearly numbers and the new tag technologies that will make it possible
  • 7.2. Market opportunity for disposable electronic displays
  • 7.3. Global active RFID by value and type 2010-2021
  • 7.4. Overlapping eras of evolution of active RFID in its new, broader definition, including use of the new radio systems for active RFID 1990-2025.
  • 7.5. Global market for active tags in millions 2010-2021
  • 7.6. Global market for active tags - unit prices in cents 2010-2021
  • 7.7. Tag market value of global market in millions of dollars 2010-2021
  • 7.8. Global market for readers, software and services in millions of dollars 2009-2019
  • 7.9. An active RFID cellphone module
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