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市場調查報告書

壓電感測器、超音波傳感器:類型、材料、應用、新開發、產業結構、全球市場

Piezoelectric Sensors and Ultrasonic Transducers - Types, Materials, Applications, New Developments, Industry Structure and Global Markets

出版商 Innovative Research and Products (iRAP) 商品編碼 367276
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 210 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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壓電感測器、超音波傳感器:類型、材料、應用、新開發、產業結構、全球市場 Piezoelectric Sensors and Ultrasonic Transducers - Types, Materials, Applications, New Developments, Industry Structure and Global Markets
出版日期: 2016年08月18日 內容資訊: 英文 210 Pages
簡介

由於物聯網 (IoT) 及生產加工、家庭應用的自動化的登場,感測器、傳感器的需求戲劇性地增加。

本報告提供全球壓電感測器、超音波傳感器市場相關調查,市場規模、成長相關資料,企業簡介,及3個壓電感測器分類、5個一般的感測器產品的產業趨勢等。

第1章 簡介

第2章 摘要整理

第3章 產業概要

  • 廠商
  • 震動感測器/應力感測器/壓力感應器的用戶
  • 超音波傳感器的用戶
  • 專家群組
  • 團體
  • 醫療影像的政府法規團體

第4章 技術概要

  • 壓電效應、技術
  • 對鐵電網域、壓電的偏光
  • 壓電材料的正交系統
  • 直接、逆壓電效應
  • 壓電效應的形態
  • 壓電感測器、傳感器所使用的共通用語定義、其他

第5章 壓電感測器

  • 壓電感測器的類型
  • 加速計/震動感測器
  • 加速計結構特徵
  • 壓電型加速計的類型
  • 加速計的市場
  • 壓力感應器
  • 結構
  • 壓電壓力感應器的靈敏度
  • 壓電壓力感應器的類型
  • 應力感測器
  • 壓電應力感測器結構、設計
  • 應力感測器的定量化、其他

第6章 壓電感測器的應用區分

  • 壓電加速計的應用
  • 通用應用
  • 觸電/震動
  • 模式分析調查
  • 高溫、工業利用
  • 市場規模
  • 電壓力感測器的應用
  • 固定、動態應用
  • 油壓、燃料系統測量
  • 彈道、爆炸測量
  • 內燃機實驗
  • 其他壓力感應器
  • 市場規模
  • 壓電應力感測器的應用
  • 準靜態、動態實驗
  • 金屬加工研究
  • 失真檢測、其他

第7章 超音波傳感器

  • 概要
  • 超音波傳感器中壓電要素所扮演的角色
  • 超音波感測器結構
  • 基本零組件
  • 超音波流量檢測傳感器

第8章 產業結構、全球市場

  • 產業結構
  • 競爭
  • 競爭策略、壓電感測器
  • 競爭策略、技術
  • M&A、子公司出售、其他

第9章 新發展

第10章 附錄I:壓電感測器、超音波傳感器的廠商

第11章 附錄II:壓電感測器、超音波傳感器的原料供應商

圖表

目錄
Product Code: ET-127

Due to the emergence of the Internet of Things (IoT) and automation in industrial processing and home applications, the demand for sensors and transducers has increased dramatically. A sensor is a device which detects change in physical parameters and converts it into signals which can be recorded or measured, e.g., vibration sensors which convert vibrations into voltage signals. A transducer is a device which converts energy in primary form into corresponding energy signals in a different form. Important primary forms of energy include, for example, mechanical, electromagnetic, thermal, chemical and optical energy.

Sensors are used throughout agriculture, the power sector, healthcare, the automotive industry, telecommunications, instrumentation, and many other areas. To meet demand in these areas, various sensor-based products have been developed. Today, sensors are in use in gadgets for everyday living, as well as in airplanes, cellular telephones, radios and TVs, chemical and industrial plants, and more. Due to the boom in wireless standard compliant devices based on WiFi, Zigbee and Bluetooth, home automation has become reality. Home automation relies heavily on sensors of various kinds, such as proximity sensors and motion sensors, liquid level sensors, smoke sensors, magnetic sensors, temperature sensors and light sensors, among others.

Piezoelectric sensors rely on the piezoelectric effect to measure a plethora of parameters such as pressure, strain, or force by converting them to voltages. Technically, piezoelectric sensors and transducers are one and the same. But piezoelectric sensors, more often than not, operate purely as sensors and do not apply voltage to generate an effect, as occurs in transducers. Key piezoelectric sensor products covered in this paper include the generic product families of accelerators, force sensors and pressure sensors.

Ultrasonic transducers include devices that produce ultrasonic signals (transmitters) which are received by other transducers (receivers) or devices that alternate between transmitting an ultrasonic signal and receiving a reflected signal (transmitter-receivers). The six generic families of transducers covered in this paper include flow sensors, proximity sensors, level sensors, acoustic sensors, medical imaging equipment and fluid property sensors.

The two non-military product groups covered - piezoelectric sensors and ultrasonic transducers - basically originate from the same material group, piezoelectric materials comprised of different grades of piezoelectric crystals, ceramics such as PZT, PVDF and ceramic/polymer composites.

STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES

The goal of this report is to provide a detailed and comprehensive multi-client study of the markets in North America, Europe, Japan, China, Korea and the rest of the world (ROW) for PE sensors and ultrasonic transducers based on piezoelectric ceramic, polymer and ceramic/polymer composite devices. This study provides data about the size and growth of markets, company profiles and industry trends for three categories of piezoelectric (PE) sensors and five generic sensor products. The report also highlights potential business opportunities.

A primary objective of this report is thorough coverage of underlying economic issues driving the growth in demand for PE sensors and ultrasonic transducers, as well as assessments of advanced piezoelectric devices that are being developed. Another important objective is to provide realistic market data and forecasts for PE sensors and ultrasonic transducers. This study provides the most thorough and up-to-date assessment that can be found anywhere on the subject. The study also provides extensive quantification of the many important facets of worldwide market development for PE sensors and ultrasonic transducers. This, in turn, contributes to a determination of the kinds of strategic responses companies may adopt in order to compete in these dynamic markets.

Users of PE sensors and ultrasonic transducers in developed markets must contend with twin pressures - to innovate and, at the same time, to reduce costs. New applications for PE sensors and ultrasonic transducers have been proposed in recent years. This study condenses all of these business-related issues and opportunities.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

The PE sensors and ultrasonic transducers market is an attractive and still-growing multi-billion-dollar market characterized by very high production volumes of a diversified range PE sensors and ultrasonic transducers that must be both extremely reliable and low in cost. Growth in the PE sensors market continues to be driven by increasing demands in several segments including predictive maintenance and condition monitoring; testing and measurement of vibration in mechanical, electrical and manufacturing equipment and applications; vibration monitoring; high temperature applications; and harsh and explosive applications.

The diversified business of PE sensors and ultrasonic transducers is complex and fast moving, with manufacturers increasingly adopting a truly global view of the market. Around the world, consumers are demanding high quality along with an extremely long cycle life. In this challenging market, manufacturers have attempted to achieve growth through company mergers and acquisitions and by implementing global strategies. Traditional PE sensors have a broad customer base, and new applications such as wireless sensors, miniaturized and tactile sensors, and structural health monitoring have now entered the mainstream and are showing significant sales volumes.

Ultrasonic sensors for medical imaging have a broad customer base, and new applications such as high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) have now entered the mainstream and are showing significant sales volumes.

Structural health monitoring (SHM), tactile sensors (touch sensors), piezoelectric wafer active sensors (PWASs) for structural health monitoring of composite structures, and ultrasonic fingerprint sensors (PMUTs) that use a piezoelectric micro-machined ultrasonic transducer array integrated with complementary metal oxide semiconductor electronics sensor arrays are other areas showing significant growth.

With this background of new emerging technologies and applications, iRAP felt a need to conduct a detailed study and update technology developments and markets. This report identifies and evaluates new markets and new product developments which show potential growth for PE sensors and ultrasonic transducers.

CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE STUDY

This study provides the most complete accounting of the current market and future growth in PE sensors and ultrasonic transducers in North America, Europe, Japan, China and the rest of the world (ROW). It provides the most thorough and up-to-date assessment that can be found anywhere on the subject. The study also provides extensive quantification of the many important facets of market developments in emerging markets, such as China, for PE sensors and ultrasonic transducers. This quantification, in turn, contributes to the determination of what kind of strategic response suppliers may adopt in order to compete in these dynamic markets. Audiences for this study include directors of technology, marketing executives, business unit managers and other decision makers in the PE sensors and ultrasonic transducer companies, as well as those companies peripheral to this business.

FORMAT AND SCOPE

The market data contained in this report quantify opportunities for PE sensors and ultrasonic transducers. In addition to product types, this report also covers the merits and future prospects of the PE sensors and ultrasonic transducers business, including corporate strategies, information technologies, and the means for providing these highly advanced product and service offerings. This report also covers in detail the economic and technological issues regarded by many as critical to the industry's current state of change. It provides a review of the PE sensors and ultrasonic transducers industry and its structure, and of the many companies involved in providing these products. The competitive positions of the main players in the piezoelectric devices market and their strategic options are also discussed, along with such competitive factors as marketing, distribution and operations.

Table of Contents

1. INTRODUCTION

  • STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES
  • REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
  • CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE STUDY
  • SCOPE AND FORMAT
  • METHODOLOGY
  • INFORMATION SOURCES
  • TARGET AUDIENCE FOR THE STUDY
  • AUTHOR'S CREDENTIALS

2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL MARKET SIZE/PERCENTAGE SHARE FOR PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS AND ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS COMBINED (NON-MILITARY), 2015 AND 2020
  • SUMMARY FIGURE: PERCENTAGES OF MARKET SHARE FOR PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS AND ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS, 2015 AND 2020

3. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW

  • MANUFCTURERS
  • USERS OF VIBRATION SENSORS/FORCE SENSORS/PRESSURE SENSORS
  • USERS OF ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS
  • SPECIALIST GROUPS
  • ASSOCIATIONS
  • GOVERNMENT REGULATING BODIES FOR MEDICAL IMAGING

4. TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW

  • THE PIEZOELECTRIC EFFECT AND TECHNOLOGY
  • FERROELECTRIC DOMAINS AND POLARIZATION TO PIEZOELECTRIC
  • ORTHOGONAL SYSTEM FOR PIEZOELECTRIC MATERIALS
    • FIGURE 1: ORTHOGONAL SYSTEM TO DESCRIBE PIEZOELECTRIC MATERIALS
  • DIRECT AND INVERSE PIEZO EFFECTS
  • MODES OF PIEZOELECTRIC EFFECTS
    • TABLE 1: FIVE MODES OF PIEZOELECTRIC EFFECTS
  • DEFINITIONS OF COMMON TERMS USED IN PIZO SENSORS AND TRANDUCERS
  • PIEZOELECTRIC CHARGE CONSTANT
    • TABLE 2: PIEZOELECTRIC CHARGE CONSTANTS
  • PIEZOELECTRIC VOLTAGE CONSTANT
    • TABLE 3: PIEZOELECTRIC VOLTAGE CONSTANTS
  • PERMITTIVITY
    • TABLE 4: PIEZOELECTRIC PERMITTIVITY
  • ELECTROMECHANICAL COUPLING FACTOR (SPECIFIC TO ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS)
    • TABLE 5: PIEZOELECTRIC ELECTROMECHANICAL COUPLING FACTORS
  • DIELECTRIC DISSIPATION FACTOR OR DIELECTRIC LOSS FACTOR (SPECIFIC TO ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS)
  • CURIE TEMPERATURE
  • MECHANICAL QUALITY FACTOR
  • ACOUSTIC IMPEDANCE (SPECIFIC TO ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS)
  • WIDER BANDWIDTH (Q< 3 TYPICALLY)
  • ATTENUATION OF SOUND WAVES (SPECIFIC TO ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS)
  • REQUIRED FUNCTIONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PIEZOELECTRIC SENSOR DEVICES
  • SENSITIVITY RANGE
  • FREQUENCY RANGE
  • ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS
  • TEMPERATURE RANGE
  • HUMIDITY
  • HIGH AMPLITUDE VIBRATION SIGNALS
  • HAZARDOUS ENVIRONMENTS (GAS, DUST, ETC.)
  • PIEZO CHARACTERISTICS OF PZT MATERIALS FOR SENSORS
    • TABLE 6: COMPARISON OF HARD AND SOFT PZT PROPERTIES
    • TABLE 7: PROPERTIES OF SOFT PIEZOELECTRIC CERAMICS FOR MANUFACTURE OF SENSORS
  • PIEZOELECTRIC MATERIALS
  • PREFERRED COMMERCIAL GRADES OF SOFT PIEZOCERAMICS USED FOR MANUFACTURING PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS
    • TABLE 8: MANUFACTURERS' PREFERRED GRADES OF SOFT PIEZOELECTRIC MATERIALS FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF SENSORS
  • PIEZOELECTRIC CRYSTALS
    • FIGURE 2: PIEZO CRYSTAL CUTS FOR SENSOR APPLICATIONS
  • ACCELEROMETERS/GYROS
    • TABLE 9: PARAMETERS USED IN PIEZOCRYSTAL ACCELEROMETERS
  • QUARTZ CRYSTALS FOR PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS AND TRANSDUCERS
  • QUARTZ CRYSTALS FOR PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS AND TRANSDUCERS (CNTD.)
    • TABLE 10: KEY MANUFACTURERS OF ARTIFICIAL QUARTZ CRYSTALS FOR PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS
  • PVDF AS AN ALTERNATIVE PIEZOELECTRIC MATERIAL
  • PVDF FOR PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS AND ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS
    • TABLE 11: LEADING MANUFACTURERS OF PVDF FOR ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS
    • TABLE 12: SIZES OF PVDF PIEZOELECTRIC FILMS FOR ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS
  • PIEZOELECTRIC COMPOSITES FOR ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS FOR MEDICAL IMAGING
    • FIGURE 3: THREE PHASES OF PVDF MATERIAL
    • TABLE 13: INDIVIDUAL PROPERTIES OF PZT AND PVDF
    • TABLE 14: PROPERTIES OF PIEZOELECTRIC COMPOSITES AT DIFFERENT POLING FIELDS
  • TRANSDUCERS FOR MEDICAL IMAGING (CNTD.)
  • TYPES OF CERAMIC-POLYMER COMPOSITES
    • Ceramic-polymers with 3-3 connectivity
    • Ceramic-polymers with 1-3 connectivity
    • Ceramic-polymer with 3-0 connectivity
    • Composite with 3-1 and 3-2 connectivity
    • Ceramic-polymer with 0-3 connectivity
      • TABLE 15: COMPARISON OF PIEZOELECTRIC PROPERTIES OF CERAMIC COMPOSITES TO PVDF AND STANDARD NAVY GRADE CERAMICS
      • TABLE 16: KEY MANUFACTURERS OF CERAMIC-POLYMER COMPOSITES FOR ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS

5. PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS

  • TABLE 17: CHARACTERISTICS OF PIEZO SENSORS BY DIFFERENT TECHNOLOGIES
  • TYPES OF PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS
  • ACCELEROMETERS/VIBRATION SENSORS
    • TABLE 18: COMPARISON OF IEPE SENSORS USING PIEZOCERAMICS AND A QUARTZ ELEMENT
  • CONSTRUCTION FEATURES OF ACCELEROMETERS
    • FIGURE 4: TYPES OF LOW FREQUENCY PIEZOELECTRIC ACCELEROMETERS
  • TYPES OF PIEZOELECTRICACCELERATORS
    • Low frequency piezoelectric accelerators
      • TABLE 19: PIEZOELECTRIC VELOCITY TRANSDUCER PERFORMANCE AT DIFFERENT SENSITIVITIES
    • High frequency piezoelectric accelerators
    • Multi-axis piezoelectric accelerators
    • High temperature piezoelectric accelerators
    • Precision piezoelectric accelerometers
      • FIGURE 5: PRECISION CLASS MINIATURE PIEZOELECTRIC ACCELEROMETER
    • Embeddable piezoelectric accelerometers
      • FIGURE 6: EMBEDDED FREQUENCY PIEZOELECTRIC ACCELEROMETER
    • Handheld piezoelectric accelerators/vibration meter (handprobes)
    • Hazardous area approved piezoelectric accelerators
  • MARKET FOR ACCELEROMETERS
    • TABLE 20: GLOBAL MARKET FOR PIEZOELECTRIC ACCELEROMETERS BY TYPE, 2015 AND 2020
  • PRESSURE SENSORS
  • CONSTRUCTION
    • FIGURE 7: SCHEMATIC VIEW OF PIEZOELECTRIC PRESSURE SENSOR
  • SENSITIVITY OF PIEZOELECTRIC PRESSURE SENSORS
  • TYPES OF PIEZOELECTRIC PRESSURE SENSORS
    • General purpose piezoelectric pressure sensors
    • High sensitivity piezoelectric pressure sensors
    • High frequency shockwave/blast/explosion piezoelectric pressure sensors
    • Ballistics piezoelectric pressure sensors
    • Engine combustion piezoelectric pressure sensors
    • High-temperature and cryogenic piezoelectric pressure sensors
    • Rocket motor piezoelectric pressure sensors
      • TABLE 21: GLOBAL MARKET OF PIEZOELECTRIC PRESSURE SENSORS BY TYPE THROUGH 2015-2020
  • FORCE SENSORS
  • PIEZOELECTRIC CRYSTAL FORCE TRANSDUCERS
    • FIGURE 8: PIEZOELECTRIC FORCE SENSORS
    • Multi-component crystal force sensor/transducer
  • CONSTRUCTION AND DESIGN OF PIEZOELECTRIC FORCE SENSORS
  • Mounting of a load washer
    • FIGURE 9: PRE-LOADED LOAD WASHER AS A PIEZOELECTRIC FORCE SENSOR
    • FIGURE 10: CROSS-SECTION OF A TYPICAL FORCE SENSOR
  • QUANTIFICATION OF FORCE SENSORS
    • Range
    • Temperature
    • Sensitivity
    • Linearity

6. PIEZOELECTRIC SENSOR APPLICATION SEGMENTS

  • APPLICATIONS OF PIEZOELECTRIC ACCELEROMETERS
  • GENERAL PURPOSE APPLICATIONS
    • Case study1-bearing monitoring
    • Case study 2-gear subharmonics
    • Case study 3-cooling towers
  • SHOCK AND VIBRATION
  • MODEL ANALYSIS SURVEYS
  • HIGH TEMPERATURE AND INDUSTRIAL USES
  • MARKET SIZE
    • TABLE 22: GLOBAL MARKET OF PIEZOELECTRIC ACCELEROMETERS OR VIBRATION SENSORS BY APPLICATION, 2015 AND 2020
  • APPLICATIONS OF PIEZOELECTRIC PRESSURE SENSORS
  • STATIC AND DYNAMIC APPLICATIONS
    • Case study 1-injection molding of plastic material
    • Case study 2-electromechanical nc joining systems
  • HYDRAULIC AND FUEL SYSTEMS MEASUREMENTS
  • BALLISTICS AND BLAST MEASUREMENT
  • COMBUSTION ENGINE TESTING
  • MISCELLANEOUS PRESSURE SENSORS
  • MARKET SIZE
    • TABLE 23: GLOBAL MARKET FOR PIEZOELECTRIC PRESSURE SENSORS BY APPLICATION, 2015 AND 2020
  • APPLICATIONS OF PIEZOELECTRIC FORCE SENSORS
  • QUASISTATIC AND DYNAMIC TESTING
    • Case study 1-automotive testing
    • Case study 2-biomechanics
    • Case study 3-weigh-in-motion (wim) equipment
  • METAL WORKING STUDIES
    • Case study - monitoring for forming/deep-drawing processes
  • STRAIN MEASUREMENT
  • INDUSTRIAL PROCESS CONTROL APPLICATIONS
    • Case study 1 - high-quality welding as a customized industrial solution
    • Case study 2-friction welding
    • Case study 3-wire bonding
  • MISCELLANEOUS
  • MARKET SIZE
    • TABLE 24: GLOBAL MARKET OF PIEZOELECTRIC FORCE SENSORS BY APPLICATION, 2015 AND 2020

7. ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS

  • OVERVIEW
    • TABLE 25: CATEGORIES OF ULTRASONIC MEASUREMENTS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS
    • FIGURE 11: ROLE OF MATCHING LAYER IN CONSTRUCTION OF TRANSDUCER
    • TABLE 26: PERFORMANCE OF VARIOUS MATERIALS USED AS THE FINAL ACOUSTIC IMPEDANCE MATCHING LAYER ON THE PIEZOELECTRIC ELEMENT
  • ROLE OF THE PIEZOELECTRIC ELEMENT IN ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS
  • ULTRASONIC SENSOR CONSTRUCTION
    • FIGURE 12: ULTRASONIC PROXIMITY SENSOR COMPONENTS
  • BASIC COMPONENTS
    • Transducer/receiver
    • Comparator and detector circuit
    • Solid-state output switching device
    • Sensing
      • FIGURE 13: ULTRASONIC SENSING DISTANCE
  • ULTRASONIC FLOW MEASUREMENT TRANSDUCERS
    • FIGURE 14: PRINCIPLE AND CONSTRUCTION OF ULTRASONIC FLOW SENSORS
  • TYPES OF ULTRASONIC FLOW METERS
    • Doppler
    • Transit time
  • SAMPLE SPECIFICATIONS FOR AN ULTRASONIC FLOW TRANSDUCER
  • MARKET SIZE
    • TABLE 27: GLOBAL MARKET OF ULTRASONIC FLOW TRANSDUCERS BY TYPE, 2015 AND 2020
  • ULTRASONIC POSITION/DISTANCE/PROXIMITY TRANSDUCERS
  • SAMPLE SPECIFICATIONS FOR AN ULTRASONIC PROXIMITY TRANSDUCER
  • ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES
  • OPERATION AND DESIGN OF ULTRASONIC PROXIMITY SENSORS
    • FIGURE 15: PRINCIPLE OF ULTRASONIC PROXIMITY SENSORS
    • Two-point ultrasonic proximity switches
      • FIGURE 16: TWO-POINT ULTRASONIC PROXIMITY SENSORS
  • RETRO-REFLECTIVE ULTRASONIC SENSORS
    • FIGURE 17: PRINCIPLE OF RETRO-REFLECTIVE ULTRASONIC PROXIMITY SENSORS
    • Through-beam ultrasonic sensor
      • FIGURE 18: PRINCIPLE OF THROUGH-BEAM ULTRASONIC PROXIMITY SENSORS
  • MARKET SIZE
    • TABLE 28: GLOBAL MARKET OF ULTRASONIC POSITION, DISTANCE AND PROXIMITY TRANSDUCERS BY TYPES THROUGH 2015-2020
  • ULTRASONIC LEVEL TRANSDUCERS
  • OPERATING PRINCIPLE
    • FIGURE 19: ULTRASONIC LEVEL TRANSDUCERS
  • NON-CONTACT ULTRASONIC SENSORS
  • CONTACT ULTRASONIC SENSORS
  • SAMPLE SPECIFICATIONS FOR AN ULTRASONIC LEVEL TRANSDUCER
  • ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ULTRASONIC LEVEL TRANSDUCERS
  • MARKET SIZE
    • TABLE 29: GLOBAL MARKET FOR ULTRASONIC LEVEL TRANSDUCERS BY TYPE, 2015 AND 2020
  • PRINCIPLES OF ULTRASONIC TESTING
  • FIGURE 20: PRINCIPLE OF AN ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCER USED FOR NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING
  • MAJOR TYPES OF ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS FOR NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING
    • FIGURE 21: ULTRASONIC NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING TRANSDUCERS
  • PHASED-ARRAY TRANSDUCERS
  • SYNTHETIC APERTURE TRANSDUCERS
  • MARKET SIZE
    • TABLE 30: GLOBAL MARKET FOR ACOUSTIC EMISSION SENSORS AND NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING EQUIPMENT BY TYPE, 2015 AND 2020
  • APPLICABLE INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR ULTRASONIC NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING
  • NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN ULTRASONIC TESTING TRANSDUCERS
  • ACOUSTIC EMISSION TRANSDUCERS USED FOR NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING
    • TABLE 31: ACOUSTIC EMISSION SENSOR TYPES
  • SAMPLE SPECIFICATION FOR AN ACOUSTIC EMISSION TRANSDUCER
  • ULTRASONIC MEDICAL IMAGING TRANSDUCERS
  • MATERIAL SELECTION CRITERIA FOR THE PIEZO ELEMENT AND THE ROLE OF THE MATCHING LAYER IN MEDICAL ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS
  • MATERIAL SELECTION CRITERIA FOR THE PIEZO ELEMENT AND THE ROLE OF THE MATCHING LAYER IN MEDICAL ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS (CNTD.)
  • BASIC PRINCIPLE OF MEDICAL ULTRASONIC PROBES
    • FIGURE 22: CONSTRUCTION OF A TYPICAL MEDICAL ULTRASONIC PROBE
    • Function of the backing material
    • Function of the acoustic matching layer
    • Function of the acoustic lens
  • TYPES OF ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS FOR MEDICAL USE
    • Array module
    • Two-dimensional probe
    • Mechanical three-dimensional probe
      • TABLE 32: ULTRASONIC MEDICAL TRANSDUCERS/PROBES
  • REGULATION OF MEDICAL ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS
  • MARKET SIZE
  • FLUID PROPERTY MEASUREMENT
    • TABLE 33: QUARTZ TUNING FORK MEASUREMENT FUNCTIONS IN PROCESS ANALYSIS AND MONITORING
  • MARKET SIZE
  • APPLICATIONS OF ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS
  • ULTRASONIC FLOW SENSORS
    • Pharmaceuticals industry
    • Food and beverage industry
    • Bottling plants
    • Air bubble detection
  • FIGURE 23: AIR BUBBLE DETECTION BY ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS
    • Other industries
  • MARKET SIZE
    • TABLE 34: GLOBAL MARKET FOR ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS/FLOW SENSORS BY APPLICATION/INDUSTRY, 2015 AND 2020
  • APPLICATIONS OF ULTRASONIC POSITION, DISTANCE AND PROXIMITY SENSORS AND TRANSDUCERS
  • GENERAL ENGINEERING INDUSTRY
    • TABLE 35: SAMPLE APPLICATION OF ULTRASONIC PROXIMITY SENSORS IN SEVERAL INDUSTRIES
  • FACTORY AUTOMATION AND MATERIAL HANDLING LOGISTICS PROCESSES
  • ROBOTICS
  • PACKAGING INDUSTRY, FOOD AND BEVERAGE INDUSTRY, BOTTLING PLANTS
  • PARKING SENSORS
  • ULTRASONIC SYSTEMS IN VEHICLES
  • ADDITIONAL APPLICATIONS OF ULTRASONIC PROXIMITY TRANSDUCERS
  • MARKET SIZE
    • TABLE 36: GLOBAL MARKET FOR ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS/PROXIMITY SENSORS BY APPLICATION/ INDUSTRY, 2015 AND 2020
  • APPLICATIONS OF ULTRASONIC LEVEL SENSORS
  • FLUID INDUSTRY HANDLING OF LIQUIDS, FUELS AND OTHER FLUIDS
  • PUBLIC HEALTH ENGINEERING AND WASTEWATER UTILITIES
    • FIGURE 24: PRINCIPLE OF ULTRASONIC LIQUID TANK LEVEL MONITORING
  • MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS
  • MARKET SIZE
    • TABLE 37: GLOBAL MARKET FOR ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCER LIQUID TANK LEVEL MONITORING BY APPLICATION/ INDUSTRY, 2015 AND 2020
  • APPLICATIONS OF ACOUSTIC EMISSION TRANSDUCERS
    • TABLE 38: EXAMPLES OF APPLICATIONS OF ACOUSTIC EMISSION TRANSDUCERS IN NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING
    • TABLE 38: (CNTD.)
    • TABLE 38: (CNTD.)
  • NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING
    • TABLE 39: EXAMPLES OF USAGE OF ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS IN NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING
  • MARKET SIZE
  • APPLICATIONS OF MEDICAL TRANSDUCERS
  • HIGH-INTENSITY THERAPEUTIC ULTRASOUND (HIFU)
  • LOW-INTENSITY THERAPEUTIC ULTRASOUND (LIFU)
  • OTHER USES
  • MARKET SIZE
    • TABLE 40: GLOBAL MARKET FOR ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCER/MEDICAL IMAGING END USAGE, 2015 AND 2020
  • APPLICATIONS OF ULTRASONIC TUNING FORK FLUID PROPERTY SENSORS (FPS)
  • USAGE FOR ENGINE OILS AND FUELS
  • USAGE IN HYDRAULIC FLUIDS
  • OTHER SPECIAL MEASUREMENTS
  • MARKET SIZE
    • TABLE 41: GLOBAL MARKET FOR ULTRASONIC FLUID PROPERTIES SENSORS (FPS) BY APPLICATION AREA, 2015 AND 2020

8. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND GLOBAL MARKETS

  • INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
    • TABLE 42: TOP SUPPLIERS OF PIEZOELECTRIC MATERIAL FOR SENSORS AND TRANSDUCERS, PRODUCT LINE REFERENCE
  • COMPETITION
  • COMPETITIVE STRATEGIES - PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS
    • TABLE 43: COMPETING TECHNOLOGIES OF PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS
  • COMPETITIVE STRATEGIES AND TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 44: MAJOR COMPETING TECHNOLOGIES FOR ULTRASONIC SENSORS IN 2015
  • MERGERS, ACQUISITIONS AND DIVESTITURES
    • TABLE 45: ACQUISITION DEALS AMONG MANUFACTURERS OF PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS AND ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS FROM 2010 TO 2015
  • MARKET SIZE
    • TABLE 46: GLOBAL MARKET SIZE/PERCENTAGE SHARE FOR PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS AND ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS
  • COMBINED (NON-MILITARY), 2015 AND 2020
  • PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS
    • TABLE 47: GLOBAL MARKET SIZE/PERCENTAGE SHARE FOR PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2015 AND 2020
    • FIGURE 25: MARKET SHARE FOR PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS BY TYPE FOR 2015 AND 2020
  • ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS
    • TABLE 48: GLOBAL MARKET SIZE/PERCENTAGE SHARE FOR ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2015 AND 2020
    • FIGURE 26: MARKET SHARE FOR ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS BY TYPE, 2015 AND 2020
  • MARKET SEGMENTATION BY REGION
    • TABLE 49: GLOBAL MARKET SIZE/PERCENTAGE SHARE FOR PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS AND ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS COMBINED
  • BY REGION, 2015 AND 2020
    • FIGURE 27: REGIONAL PERCENTAGES OF MARKET SHARE FOR PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS AND ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS COMBINED, 2015 AND 2020

9. NEW DEVELOPMENTS

  • PIEZOELECTRIC SENSOR ARRAYS USED IN STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING
    • TABLE 50: COMPONENTS OF STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING ARCHITECTURE
  • TACTILE SENSORS
    • TABLE 51: EXAMPLES OF TACTILE SENSORS
  • PIEZOELECTRIC WAFER ACTIVE SENSORS (PWAS)
  • PIEZOELECTRIC MICROMACHINED ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS (PMUT)
  • WIRELESS VIBRATION SENSORS

10. APPENDIX I COMPANIES MANUFACTURING PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS AND ULTRASONIC TRASDUCERS

  • ANNON PIEZO TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
  • APC INTERNATIONAL, LTD.
  • AVL LIST GMBH
  • SPM INSTRUMENTS
  • TOSHIBA POWER SYSTEMS INSPECTION SERVICES CO., LTD.
  • WILXION RESEARCH

11. APPENDIX II RAW MATERIAL SUPPLIERS TO PRODUCERS OF PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS AND ULTRASONIC TRASDUCERS

  • AIRMAR TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
  • ANNON TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.
  • APC INTERNATIONAL, LTD.
  • TRS TECHNOLOGIES INC.
  • WILLOW TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
  • ZONARE MEDICAL SYSTEMS
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