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市場調查報告書

電源、供電用變壓器:技術、材料、用途、新開發、產業結構、全球市場

Power and Distribution Transformers - Technologies, Materials, Applications, New Developments, Industry Structure and Global Markets

出版商 Innovative Research and Products (iRAP) 商品編碼 331370
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 81 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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電源、供電用變壓器:技術、材料、用途、新開發、產業結構、全球市場 Power and Distribution Transformers - Technologies, Materials, Applications, New Developments, Industry Structure and Global Markets
出版日期: 2015年04月30日 內容資訊: 英文 81 Pages
簡介

這10年,全球電源、供電用變壓器市場受到重大變化浪潮侵襲。已開發國家電力市場自由化發展,使圍繞電力產業的市場結構劇烈變化,變壓器廠商也不僅是本國的 (有獨佔地位) 電力企業,全球各國的電力企業都有交易機會,變成暴露於跟全世界的同業者的競爭。還有同時也產生原料價格的大幅度波動,及亞洲、南美市場成長的現象。

本報告提供電源、供電用變壓器的全球市場相關分析、整體市場結構、技術水準,及現在面臨的主要的技術性、經營的課題、目前市場規模與今後的預測、專利開發、取得情形、主要製造商、供應商簡介等的相關調查。

第1章 簡介

第2章 摘要整理

第3章 產業概要

  • 電源變壓器 (PT)
  • 配電變壓器 (DT)
  • 產業動態
  • 全球各地的變壓器市場概況 (中國、印度、美國、歐洲、日本等)
  • 電源變壓器的價格

第4章 全球市場概要

  • 市場規模
  • 全球市場的市場佔有率:其他分析結果的比較
    • 全球各地的市場的情況 (中國、美國、歐洲、日本、印度等)
  • 電源變壓器的市場規模
  • 配電變壓器的市場規模

第5章 技術概要

  • 變壓器主要的零件
    • 繞組
    • 核心
    • 儲油槽
    • 水箱
    • 瓦斯繼電器
    • 絕緣管 (絕緣保護套)
  • 電源變壓器與發電廠用升壓變壓器 (GSU)
  • 電源/供電變壓器結構
  • 效率法規
  • 新開發的動向
  • 產業內部的產業聯盟及企業合併、收購 (M&A) 的動向

第6章 專利及專利分析

  • 專利一覽 (共14件)
  • 專利分析
    • 美國的變壓器相關的專利活動:概況

第7章 附錄I:企業簡介

  • 電源變壓器
    • ABB
    • ALSTOM (AREVA)
    • VIRGINIA TRANSFORMER CORPORATION (VTC)
    • XIAN XD TRANSFORMERS CO. LTD. (XD TRANSFORMER)
  • 配電變壓器
    • BHARAT BIJLEE LTD.
    • CHINA TRNSFORMER ELECTRIC CO LTD
    • FORTUNE ELECTRIC CO., LTD.
    • TRANSFORMERS & ELECTRICALS KERALA, LIMITED (TELK)

第8章 附錄II:獨立型電力公司與電力交易企業

第9章 附錄III:美國的主要電力企業

第10章 附錄IV:超高壓直流供電 (UHVDC) 用的變壓器

  • 800kv直流 (DC) 整流器用變壓器變速箱的開發
  • 高壓直流供電 (HVDC) 用變電站所使用的整流器用變壓器的特徵
  • 整流器用變壓器
  • HVDC用變壓器的專用實驗
  • HVDC用變壓器的特殊需求
  • 案例研究:中國的超高壓用變壓器
  • 已完成/建設中的超高壓供電電路
  • HVDC用變壓器相對於交流用變壓器的優點
目錄
Product Code: ET-125

Transformers are a vital link to the entire supply chain for electric power, from generation to transmission to distribution networks, either within a country or within a continent to connect country to country, as in Europe. Electrical energy is delivered to consumers by utility power transmission and distribution systems. The transmission network delivers power at high voltages (110kV to 765 kV) from power plants to local distribution systems, where the electrical energy is transformed to lower primary distribution voltages (ranging from 4kV to 35 kV). High transmission voltages are used to transmit high levels of power over long distances.

At the transmission end, large power transformers are used. A large power transformer (LPT) is a large, custom-built piece of equipment that is a critical component of the bulk transmission grid. Because LPTs are very expensive and tailored to customers' specifications, they are usually neither interchangeable with each other nor produced for extensive spare inventories. According to an industry source, approximately 1.3 transformers are produced for each transformer design.

High transmission voltages require lower currents, which reduce line losses, conductor material, and costs. Once the electrical power has reached the distribution system, it is transformed to lower primary distribution voltages that are more economical for the short distances within distribution systems. The primary distribution voltage is transformed by distribution transformers to lower secondary voltages (120V to 480V) that are suitable for customer equipment. Distribution transformers are thus the final link in the chain of power transmission and distribution from the generating source to the customer.

STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES

In the last decade, several new developments have taken place in the power and distribution transformers industry. As the original domestic, country-based networks have been built out and matured, markets have opened up and been deregulated in the western world to promote competition and efficient interconnections and creation of regional networks and markets. This evolution led to a change in the relationship between transformer manufacturers and buyers, from a local to a more global perspective, with a greater focus on economics on both sides. As a result, manufacturers also had to become more global, leading to consolidation and concentration of the industry.

Simultaneously, the emerging markets in Asia and South America started to have a major influence, and these came to dominate the demand for power transformers. The rapid build-out in China and later India and other emerging markets created a boom period for transformers during the first decade of the new century, causing very high material prices for copper and core steel, and long delivery times and various other imbalances. A very rapid build-out of manufacturing capacity occurred, particularly in Asia, causing a substantial overcapacity at the end of the period, with new imbalances and instabilities in material prices. Multinationals, with global positions and common technologies emerged as a major force during this period.

This report has been prepared to:

  • provide an overview of power and distribution transformers, their production technologies and applications;
  • identify technological and business issues related to the commercial production of power and distribution transformers;
  • analyze the industry structure, including domestic and international competition among companies within power and distribution transformers market segments;
  • determine the current size and future growth of the global markets for power and distribution transformers; and
  • identify and profile all global producers and suppliers of power and distribution transformers.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

Key drivers for future transformer market development include an increase in electricity demand in developing countries, replacement of old electric power equipment in matured economies, and a boost for high-voltage power transformers and capital expenditure in the power sector worldwide. In addition, the adoption of energy-efficiency standards in developed markets such as Europe and the United States, as well as in emerging markets such as China and India, are expected to create demand for new, more efficient electricity equipment, including power transformers. Also, new efficient transformer designs using amorphous magnetic materials for cores will become increasingly preferred because they can cut down iron losses and noise and demonstrate longer functional life. These developments have created a need to make a proper analysis of the technological and business issues, trends in manufacturing, markets and foreign competition. In addition, there was a need to look at the increasing demand, especially from China and India, and changes in industry structure and market trends.

CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE STUDY

iRAP's technical/economic study covers technology and industry overviews, materials, current and emerging production methods, new developments in materials and processing techniques, business and technology issues, current and emerging applications, and an extensive market analysis. Current size and future growth of the global markets are estimated for 2014 and 2019.

FORMAT AND SCOPE

This report reviews the technology of power and distribution transformers, the types of power and distribution transformers, their applications, and current and anticipated demand for power and distribution transformers, The report provides an analysis of material and product types in that category, processing technologies, properties, applications, new developments and patents, the global markets, and competition.

The qualitative and quantitative judgments embodied in this report are a valuable contribution to the current knowledge of power and distribution transformers, their manufacturing technologies, applications, and markets. Moreover, this study has been conducted at a vital stage when new soft magnetic materials such as amorphous steel are revolutionizing the application areas. Because of the very low magnetic loss, these materials are replacing some of the current materials, as well as finding new applications especially in distribution transformers.

TO WHOM THE STUDY CATERS

This report is directed to executives of organizations that are interested in the developments in this field, including:

  • power and distribution/transformer manufacturers;
  • companies involved in the development, manufacturing, and supplying of power and distribution transformers;
  • manufacturers and suppliers of amorphous magnetic materials, grain oriented electrical steel and fabricated stamping/laminations used in cores of transformers;
  • manufacturers and suppliers of systems and subsystems which incorporate power and distribution transformers;
  • engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contractors and power plant owners; and
  • independent power producers (IPPs), non-utility generators (NUGs),public utilities, intermediaries such as stocking distributors and electrical contractors, and turnkey power project construction companies.

REPORT SUMMARY

The large global transformer industry results from the interplay between participating agencies at local, national and international levels, such as the bulk buyers of power transformers (PTs) consisting of independent power producers (IPPs), turnkey project construction companies, top utilities/power distribution companies, and electrical contractors engaged in transformer purchase. The industry also involves a large number of stamping/lamination fabricators and a mix of well-known multinational companies for PTs as well as many small/medium industrial units specialized in assembly and testing of distribution transformers (DTs).

Utilities are demanding compliance to higher efficiency requirements in distribution transformers. Most utilities now use purchasing formulae that factored the effect of transformer efficiency into the purchasing decision. Manufacturers have responded by tailoring their products to the energy evaluation factors specified by customers, so that it is now possible to purchase a high-cost, high-efficiency transformer or a unit with a lower first cost and lesser efficiency.

In the last two decades, amorphous metal transformers (AMTs) used as distribution transformers have reduced system losses. These novel and highly energy-efficient units were slightly more expensive but had significantly lower operating costs than conventional units, resulting in lower life-cycle (LC) or total ownership costs (TOC).

According to a new iRAP report, the global market reached to about $41,560 million in 2014, and it is estimated to increase to $63,500 million by 2019 at a CAGR of 8.8 % per year from 2014 to 2019. China has the largest market share followed by the US, Europe, India and Japan.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
  • CONTRIBUTION OF THE STUDY
  • FORMAT AND SCOPE
  • METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES
  • WHO THIS REPORT ADDRESSES
  • RELATED STUDIES
  • PROFILE OF THE ANALYST

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • SUMMARY TABLE:GLOBAL MARKETS FOR POWER TRANSFORMERS AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS, 2014 AND 2019
  • SUMMARY FIGURE: GLOBAL MARKET SHAREFOR POWER TRANSFORMERS AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS IN 2014 AND 2019

INDUSTRY OVERVIEW

  • POWER TRANSFORMERS
  • DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS
  • INDUSTRY DYNAMICS
    • TABLE 1: SELECTED GLOBAL POWER TRANSFORMER MANUFACTURERS5
  • OVERVIEW OF THE TRANSFORMER INDUSTRY BY COUNTRY
    • CHINA
    • INDIA
    • UNITED STATES
    • EUROPE
    • JAPAN
    • THE REST OF THE WORLD (ROW)
  • PRICING FOR POWER TRANSFORMERS
    • TABLE 2: AVERAGE PRICES OF SELECTED POWER TRANSFORMERS, 2014

GLOBAL MARKET OVERVIEW

  • MARKET SIZE
    • TABLE 3: GLOBAL MARKETS FOR PT AND DT COMBINED BY REGION, 2014 AND 2019
  • GLOBAL MARKET SHARES COMPARED TO OTHER PUBLISHED DATA
    • TABLE 4: PUBLISHED DATA VERSUS IRAP DATA FOR PT AND DT MARKETS
    • FIGURE 1: GLOBAL SHARE OF PT AND DT MARKET SEGMENTS IN 2014
  • CHINA MARKET
  • U.S. MARKET
  • EUROPEAN MARKET
  • JAPANESE MARKET
  • INDIAN MARKET
  • OTHER COUNTRIES
    • TABLE 5: GLOBAL MARKET FOR POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS, 2014 AND 2019
  • PT MARKET CALCULATION
    • TABLE 6: BASIS OF CALCULATION OF GLOBAL MARKET SIZE FOR POWER TRANSFORMERS, 2014 AND 2019
  • DT MARKET CALCULATION
    • TABLE 7: BASIS OF CALCULATION OF GLOBAL MARKET NUMBERS FOR DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS, 2014-2019
    • TABLE 8: GLOBAL MARKET FOR POWER TRANSFORMERS BY REGION, 2014 AND 2019
    • TABLE 9: GLOBAL MARKETFOR DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS BY REGION, 2014 AND 2019

TECHNOLOGY REVIEW

  • MAJOR COMPONENTS OF TRANSFORMERS
    • WINDINGS
      • Materials used for windings of transformers
      • Size
      • Cost
    • CORES
    • MATERIALS USED FOR FABRICATION OF CORES
      • Grain-oriented silicon steels (GOES)
      • Non-oriented electrical steels (NOES)
        • Semiprocessed grades
        • Fully processed grades
      • High permeability steel (HIB):
      • Ferromagnetic amorphous alloys
        • Materials:
    • CONSERVATOR TANKS
    • RADIATORS
    • BUCHHOLZ RELAYS
    • BUSHINGS
  • POWER TRANSFORMERS AND GENERATING STEP-UP (GSU) TRANSFORMERS
    • TABLE 10: TYPICAL SPECIFICATIONS OF POWER TRANSFORMERS
  • CONSTRUCTION OF POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS
    • POWER TRANFORMERS
      • FIGURE 2: BASIC CONFIGURATION OF CORE AND WINDING IN A TYPICAL POWER TRANSFORMER
      • FIGURE 3: FEATURES OF A TYPICAL POWER TRANSFORMER
    • DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS
      • TABLE 11: TYPICAL NO-LOAD LOSS REDUCTION VALUES FOR TYPES OF DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS
      • TABLE 12: COMPARISON OF SILICON STEEL VERSUS AMORPHOUS ALLOY IN CORES OF DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS
  • EFFICIENCY REGULATION
    • TABLE 13: EFFICIENCY REGULATIONS IMPACTING DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS IN DIFFERENT REGIONS
    • TABLE 14: COMPARISON OF AVAILABLE NATIONAL STANDARDS ON EFFICIENCY LEVELS FOR CERTAIN DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS
  • NEW DEVELOPMENTS
    • TABLE 15: NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN TRANSFORMERS DURING 2004-2014
  • PARTNERSHIP, ACQUISITION AND MERGER ACTIVITY IN THE TRANSFORMER INDUSTRY
    • TABLE 16: PARTNERSHIP, ACQUISITION AND MERGER ACTIVITY IN POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS DURING 2004-2014

PATENTS AND PATENT ANALYSIS

  • LIST OF PATENTS
    • DISCONNECTOR FOR DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS WITH DIELECTRIC LIQUID
    • ARC-RESISTANT DRY TYPE TRANSFORMER ENCLOSURE HAVING ARC FAULT DAMPER APPARATUS
    • POWER TRANSFORMER WITH AMORPHOUS CORE
    • TRANSFORMER PROVIDED WITH A TAPS PANEL, AN ELECTRIC-INSULATION METHOD TAPS PANEL OF A DRY DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER
    • SUBMERSIBLE DRY DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER
    • CORROSION-RESISTANT COATING SYSTEM FOR A DRY-TYPE TRANSFORMER CORE
    • METHOD FOR NOISE REDUCTION IN TRANSFORMERS
    • AUGMENTED DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME
    • CONTROL DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME
    • INSULATION FOR POWER TRANSFORMERS
    • OUTDOOR DRY-TYPE TRANSFORMER
    • VERSATILE DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER
    • HYBRID DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER WITH AN INTEGRATED VOLTAGE SOURCE CONVERTER
  • PATENT ANALYSIS
    • TABLE 17: TOP FOUR COMPANIES GRANTED U.S.PATENTS IN TRANSFORMER TECHNOLOGY DURING 2010-2014
    • FIGURE 4: TOP U.S. TRANSFORMER PATENT ASSIGNEES, 2010-2014
  • OVERVIEW OF U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY IN TRANSFORMERS
    • TABLE 18: NUMBER OF U.S. TRANSFORMER PATENTS ASSIGNED BY REGION FROM JANUARY 2010 THROUGH SEPT 2014

APPENDIX 1 - COMPANY PROFILES

  • PART 1: POWER TRANSFORMERS
    • ABB
    • ALSTOM (AREVA)
    • VIRGINIA TRANSFORMER CORPORATION (VTC)
    • XIAN XD TRANSFORMERS CO. LTD. (XD TRANSFORMER)
  • PART 2: DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS
    • BHARAT BIJLEE LTD
    • CHINA TRNSFORMER ELECTRIC CO LTD
    • FORTUNE ELECTRIC CO., LTD
    • TRANSFORMERS & ELECTRICALS KERALA, LIMITED (TELK)

APPENDIX II - INDEPENDENT POWER PRODUCERS AND ENERGY TRADERS

  • TABLE 19: TOP INDEPENDENT POWER PRODUCERS AND ENERY TRADERS

APPENDIX III - MAJOR POWER UTILITIES IN THE U.S

  • TABLE 20: MAJOR POWER UTILITIES IN THE U.S

APPENDIX IV - ULTRA-HIGH VOLTAGE DIRECT CURRENT TRANSFORMERS

  • DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSMISSION IN 800 KVDC AND CONVERTOR TRANSMORMERS
    • FIGURE 5: COST COMPARISON OF 800 KV AC, 600 KVAC, 800KVDC
  • CHARACTERSTICS OF AC CONVERTOR TRANSFORMERS USED IN AN HVDC CONVERTER STATION
    • CONVERTER TRANSFORMER
    • SPECIAL TESTS FOR HVDC TRANSFORMERS
    • SPECIAL DEMANDS ON TRANSFORMERS FOR HVDC
  • CASE STUDY: UHV TRANSMISSION IN CHINA
    • UHV CIRCUITS COMPLETED OR UNDER CONSTRUCTION
  • ADVANTAGES OF HVDC OVER AC TRANSMISSION
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