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市場調查報告書

5G網路的天線技術

Antenna Technology for 5G Networks

出版商 Heavy Reading 商品編碼 360481
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 26 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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5G網路的天線技術 Antenna Technology for 5G Networks
出版日期: 2016年06月15日 內容資訊: 英文 26 Pages
簡介

5G網路相關的技術開發急速進行,現在實用化的可能性顯現出來,也加緊對應的天線開發。尤其成為技術開發上的焦點的是MIMO (多輸入多輸出),尤其是Massive MIMO,及電子束形成技術、天線和RF (radio frequency:電磁波療法) 成為一體化系統等。

本報告提供5G網路的開發與普及過程的天線的理想狀態,及今後的天線技術開發的方向性,主要的技術開發領域,主要供應商簡介與具體的配合措施等相關調查與考察。

第1章 摘要整理

  • 分析的要點
  • 分析對象企業

第2章 5G的開發過程中天線的地位

第3章 4G、5G網路的MIMO (multiple input, multiple output)

  • Massive MIMO

第4章 高頻頻寬用天線

第5章 電子束形成

  • 數位式/類比式/混合式的電子束形成
  • 用戶的追蹤
  • 天線、RF的設計與安裝

第6章 各供應商的分析與試驗過程

  • Ericsson
  • Huawei
  • Keysight Technologies
  • 三菱電機
  • National Instruments
  • 日本電氣
  • Nokia
  • Qualcomm
  • Samsung
  • ZTE

第7章 結論

用語一覽

目錄

The technology development of 5G networks is gathering pace, as operators and vendors in some countries aim to get pre-standards 5G networks ready within the next two to three years. Antenna research and development (R&D) is an important part of work on the new radio access technology, particularly for achieving increased spectral efficiency in existing frequency bands and addressing challenges of using new bands at much higher frequencies.

Among the most fruitful areas of development are multiple input, multiple output (MIMO), massive MIMO and the beamforming and steering that active antenna arrays enable. There are significant challenges to be overcome to develop the technology in these areas - and competing approaches are likely to persist for some time. One critical issue is that the ecosystem for large active antenna arrays and integrated antenna/radio frequency (RF) systems cannot really develop at scale until it is clear what frequencies are likely to be used for 5G.

In the rest of 2016 and into 2017/18, we expect more trials and demonstrations of the core antenna technologies for the frequency bands currently used for cellular networks (and which are also relevant for 5G), as well as in mmWave bands that are likely to be made available for 5G.

Beamforming approaches and beam-steering algorithms will be refined and improved; the solutions demonstrated so far, while impressive, are by no means ready for live network deployment.

On the device chipset side, we expect that the requirement to understand which frequency bands will be used will inhibit the development of advanced antenna/RF systems for 5G. Moreover, for the full value of the beamforming/steering concept to be realized will require development of steerable beams on the uplink, but there is limited space for radios and filters on a smartphone. A lot of hard work lies ahead.

‘Antenna Technology for 5G Networks ’ analyzes the market for antennas, looking at the applications in development and considers how they fit into the 5G movement. Further, the report examines beamforming, and profiles 10 leading players in the market.

In some respects, networks for 5G will look different from 4G networks, but in other respects 5G represents a clear evolution of today's technology. Successive releases of the 3GPP standards have added functionality to LTE/LTE-Advanced (LTE-A)/LTE-A Pro. As well as providing a parallel development track alongside work on 5G, the LTE work has used some of the same concepts that are likely to be included in 5G. Among these are the use of dual connectivity (connection of the terminal to more than one base station), interworking with WiFi, License Assisted Access at 5 GHz and full-dimension (FD) MIMO. The following excerpt shows how antenna development can help address the functional and technical requirements of 5G networks.

‘Antenna Technology for 5G Networks ’ is published in PDF format.

Table of Contents

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • 1.1. Key Findings
  • 1.2. Companies Covered

2. HOW ANTENNAS FIT INTO THE BIG 5G PICTURE

3. MIMO FOR 4G & 5G NETWORKS

  • 3.1. Massive MIMO

4. ANTENNAS FOR HIGHER FREQUENCIES

5. BEAMFORMING

  • 5.1. Digital, Analog & Hybrid Beamforming
  • 5.2. Tracking Users
  • 5.3. Antenna & RF Design & Construction

6. TRIALS, DEMOS & VENDOR ANALYSIS

  • 6.1. Ericsson
  • 6.2. Huawei
  • 6.3. Keysight Technologies
  • 6.4. Mitsubishi Electric
  • 6.5. National Instruments
  • 6.6. NEC
  • 6.7. Nokia
  • 6.8. Qualcomm
  • 6.9. Samsung
  • 6.10. ZTE

7. CONCLUSIONS

TERMS OF USE

VENDORS COVERED

  • Ericsson AB (Nasdaq: ERIC)
  • Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.
  • Keysight Technologies Inc. (NYSE: KEYS)
  • Mitsubishi EIectric Corp. (LSE: MEL; TY0: 6503)
  • National Instruments Corp. (Nasdaq: NATI)
  • NEC Corp. (TSE: 6701)
  • Nokia Corp. (NYSE: lOK)
  • Qualcomm Inc. (Nasdaq: QCOM)
  • Samsung Group (Seoul: 5930)
  • ZTE Corp. (Shenzhen: 000063; Hong Kong: 0763)
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