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市場調查報告書

海洋石油天然氣開採設備之水相關產業:去除硫酸鹽、油污水處理、深海工作等領域的商機

Water For Offshore Oil and Gas: Opportunities in Sulphate Removal, Produced Water Treatment and Deepwater Operations

出版商 Global Water Intelligence 商品編碼 309486
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 223 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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海洋石油天然氣開採設備之水相關產業:去除硫酸鹽、油污水處理、深海工作等領域的商機 Water For Offshore Oil and Gas: Opportunities in Sulphate Removal, Produced Water Treatment and Deepwater Operations
出版日期: 2014年10月01日 內容資訊: 英文 223 Pages
簡介

在海洋石油天然氣開發部門繼續成長之中,全球各地每年新設置許多海洋石油天然氣鑽探平台。勘探開發公司多以推動全球性能源需求擴大和技術進步的形式,將重點移至深海域的油氣田開發,另一方面,也強化著有助於擴大成熟油氣田的生產量的各種解決方案的投資。可是,在油污水相關法規強化,淺海域的資源枯竭之下,已著手深海域新油氣田開發的勘探開發企業,被迫提出巨額投資,對於能減輕投資風險的最新的水處理技術的期待日益高漲。

本報告以海洋石油天然氣開發的水處理的產業、去除硫酸鹽系統、低鹽分海水、提高石油採收率法(EOR)等的領域為焦點,提供創新的水處理解決方案的商機分析、南海和巴西海上等各地區市場的狀況。

簡介

法規

油污水處理

注水/改良型回收法(IOR)/提高採收率法(EOR)

各地區趨勢

  • 巴西
  • 墨西哥灣
  • 北海
  • 里海
  • 波斯灣
  • 西非洲
  • 亞太地區
目錄

It is predicted that the number of offshore platforms installed per year will double between 2011 and 2016, representing the continued growth in the offshore oil and gas sector. Driven by increasing global energy demand and technological improvements, E&P companies are increasingly exploiting deepwater fields and investing in solutions to maximise production from mature oilfields. This report will highlight the exciting opportunities for water companies to provide solutions to meet these market developments.

Public pressure, tightening regulations for produced water, depleting shallow water resources and new deepwater developments require significant capital investment from E&P companies. The water sector can help reduce the risks of these investments by providing new and sophisticated treatment technologies for water injection. This report is a must-have resource if you want to identify the markets and regions with the most potential - so you can explore the potential of this market for your business.

Opportunities

The report analyses the two major avenues of opportunity for water companies working within the sector:

Water Injection and Enhanced Oil Recovery

E&P companies are investing to maintain production in mature fields, with the added challenge of operating in difficult and inhospitable offshore environments. This report looks at opportunities for innovative water treatment solutions to capitalize on the resources available, the report focuses on:

  • Sulphate Removal Systems - As the complexities of offshore deepwater oil development increase, so has the use of specialized membrane systems to remove suphate from the seawater used for waterfloods and pressure maintenance. We explore the opportunities for solutions that enable E&Ps to maintain production levels and increase well productivity.
  • Low-salinity water - although still being tested by some E&P's, pilot data suggest that this incremental oil recovery using this method can be potentially significant. We explore the future potential for companies offering low-salinity pre-treatment solutions that can improve the ‘wettability' of reservoirs and maximise production for E&P's.
  • Enhanced oil recovery - EOR increased the amount of oil that can be extracted from a well by reducing the viscosity of the oil. This report outlines how advanced water treatment solutions can support chemical injection for EOR.

Produced Water Management

E&P companies are investing in solutions that enable them to meet and surpass regional regulations for produced water treatment and disposal, driven largely by public concerns and the drive to sustain brand reputation. The report investigates regional regulations and water management practices, so you can understand the challenges E&P's face and how these obstacles are creating avenues of opportunity for water treatment suppliers.

Market breakdown

Water for Offshore and Gas offers a global picture of the industry and then focuses on the fastest growing markets with the most important activity, including developments in the South China Sea and deepwater Atlantic fields.

This report is the only resource you need to establish an accurate picture of the regions that offer the best prospects for your business and to plan a strategy for responding to the demands of each market. For each regional market we show you the total offshore oil and gas production, produced water volumes, major E&P companies and an insight into the challenges the industry faces. Finally, in a section on market dynamics, we analyse key players, supply chain and procurement models for water treatment equipment.

Water for Offshore Oil and Gas investigates the following markets:

  • Brazil
  • Gulf of Mexico
  • North Sea
  • Caspian Sea
  • Persian Gulf
  • West Africa
  • Asia Pacific

SAMPLE

Table of Contents

Publication information

Executive summary

  • Global water treatment market for offshore oil and gas
  • Global drivers
  • Regional markets
    • Capital expenditure on produced water treatment by region
  • Sulphate removal and low salinity
    • Capital expenditure on systems for sulphate removal and low salinity water

1. Introduction

  • 1.1. Global oil and gas prices
    • Figure 1.1: Global oil prices, 2000-2014
    • Figure 1.2: Global gas prices, 2000-2014
  • 1.2. General trends
    • 1.2.1. Offshore oil production
      • Figure 1.3: Historical and forecasted global offshore oil production by region, 2000-2030
    • 1.2.2. Offshore natural gas production
      • Figure 1.4: Historical and forecasted global offshore natural gas production, 2000-2030
    • 1.2.3. Offshore facility construction
      • Figure 1.5: Installation of new offshore oil and gas production facilities, 2000-2017
    • 1.3. Market forecast
      • Figure 1.6: Global capital expenditure on water treatment by system, 2011-2020
      • Figure 1.7: Capital expenditure on water treatment by region, 2011-2020
    • 1.3.1. Produced water volumes
      • Figure 1.8: Global offshore produced water volumes by region, 2011-2020
    • 1.3.2. Produced water treatment
      • Figure 1.9: Global capital expenditure on produced water treatment equipment, 2011-2020
      • Figure 1.10: Global capital expenditure on produced water treatment by region, 2011-2020
    • 1.3.3. Sulphate removal / low salinity water
      • Figure 1.11: Capital expenditure on sulphate removal / low salinity water by region, 2011-2020

2. Water injection

  • Figure 2.1: Oil recovery stages
  • 2.1. Improved oil recovery (IOR)
    • 2.1.1. Sulphate removal
      • 2.1.1.1. Regional markets
        • Figure 2.2: Location of installed and planned sulphate removal systems
        • North Sea
          • Figure 2.3: Additional and cumulative capacity of sulphate removal systems in the North Sea, 1987-2014
          • Figure 2.4: Cumulative market share of sulphate removal system suppliers in the North Sea
        • Gulf of Mexico
          • Figure 2.5: Additional and cumulative capacity of sulphate removal systems in the Gulf of Mexico, 1990-2014
          • Figure 2.6: Cumulative market share of sulphate removal system suppliers in the Gulf of Mexico
        • Brazil
          • Figure 2.7: Additional and cumulative capacity of sulphate removal systems in Brazil, 2000-2014
          • Figure 2.8: Cumulative market share of sulphate removal system suppliers in Brazil
        • West Africa
          • Figure 2.9: Additional and cumulative capacity of sulphate removal systems in West Africa, 1995-2014
          • Figure 2.10: Cumulative market share of sulphate removal system suppliers in West Africa
      • 2.1.1.2. Market players
        • Figure 2.11: Global cumulative market share of sulphate removal system integrators
        • Figure 2.12: Global cumulative market share of membrane suppliers for sulphate removal
        • Figure 2.13: Cumulative contracted capacity of sulphate removal systems by operator
      • 2.1.1.3. Technology developments
        • Figure 2.14: Evolution of sulphate removal treatment technology trains
      • 2.1.1.4. Market forecast
        • Figure 2.15: Growth in cumulative installed capacity for sulphate removal systems, 1987-2014
        • Figure 2.16: Historical and anticipated additions to online sulphate removal capacity, 1987-2020
        • Figure 2.17: Capital expenditure for sulphate removal systems by region, 2000-2020
  • 2.2. Enhanced oil recovery (EOR)
    • 2.2.1. Low salinity water
      • Figure 2.18: Current state of low salinity water applications globally
    • 2.2.2. Chemical EOR
      • Figure 2.20: Low salinity water in polymer flooding
    • 2.2.3. Water treatment for low salinity water and CEOR
      • Figure 2.21: Desalination plant at the Clair Ridge platform
    • 2.2.4. The future of the water treatment market for EOR

3. Produced water treatment

  • Figure 3.1: Estimated offshore produced water volumes by region, 2000-2020
  • 3.1. Produced water management
    • Figure 3.2: Global offshore produced water management, 2000-2020
  • 3.2. Produced water treatment train
    • Figure 3.3: Typical produced water treatment train for offshore oil and gas operations
    • Figure 3.4: Types of produced water treatment technologies used in the offshore oil and gas industry
    • 3.2.1. Subsea produced water treatment
    • 3.2.2. Key market players in produced water treatment
      • Figure 3.5: Produced water technologies and equipment of key market players in the offshore industry
  • 3.3. Produced water monitoring
    • 3.3.1. Oil-in-water monitoring methods
      • 3.3.1.1. UV fluorescence
      • 3.3.1.2. Light scattering/image analysis
      • 3.3.1.3. Other methods
      • 3.3.1.4. Improving monitoring operations
    • 3.3.2. Accessing the market
    • 3.3.3. Market direction
      • Figure 3.6: Estimated capital expenditure for online oil-in-water monitoring, 2011-2020

4. Regions: Part 1

  • 4.1. Brazil
    • Figure 4.1: Brazil's offshore oil and gas production, 2004-2013
    • Figure 4.2: Map of Brazil's offshore oil and gas installations since 2000, and the pre-salt area
    • Figure 4.3: Brazil's oil production, 2004-2013
    • Figure 4.4: Brazil's gas production, 2004-2013
    • Figure 4.5: Brazil's states ranked according to offshore oil production, 2004-2013
    • Figure 4.6: Brazil's states ranked according to offshore gas production, 2004-2013
    • 4.1.1. E&P companies
      • Figure 4.7: Top E&P operators in Brazil's onshore and offshore oil and gas industry by production, 2013
    • 4.1.2. Reserves and future production
      • Figure 4.8: Brazil's offshore reserves by state, 2013
      • Figure 4.9: Petrobras' current and future oil and gas production in Brazil, 2013-2020
    • 4.1.3. Petrobras' investments
      • Figure 4.10: Petrobras' E&P investment, 2014-2018
      • Figure 4.11: Production facilities operated by Petrobras offshore in Brazil, by start up year
    • 4.1.4. E&P contracting regimes
    • 4.1.5. Water in upstream offshore Brazil
      • Figure 4.12: Brazil's offshore produced water, 2005-2013
      • Figure 4.13: Water to oil ratio (WOR) in Brazil's offshore fields, 2005-2013
    • 4.1.6. Market forecast: Brazil
      • Figure 4.14: Capital expenditure on water treatment equipment by system in Brazil, 2011-2020
      • Figure 4.15: Produced water volumes from offshore oil and gas production in Brazil, 2011-2020
      • Figure 4.16: Capital expenditure on produced water treatment by equipment in Brazil, 2011-2020
  • 4.2. North Sea
    • Figure 4.17: Map of offshore oil and gas installations in the North Sea
    • 4.2.1. Oil and gas production
      • 4.2.1.1. Production values
        • Figure 4.18: North Sea oil production, 1971-2018
        • Figure 4.19: North Sea gas production, 1971-2018
      • 4.2.1.2. Projected production
        • Figure 4.20: North Sea produced water volumes, 2006-2012
        • Figure 4.21: Water to oil ratios, 2006-2013
    • 4.2.2. Water treatment technologies
    • 4.2.3. Main E&P companies
      • Figure 4.22: Top oil and gas operators in the North Sea, 2013
    • 4.2.4. Reserves and exploration
      • Figure 4.23: Estimated North Sea oil reserves, 1980-2014
      • Figure 4.24: Estimated North Sea gas reserves, 1980-2014
      • Figure 4.25: Number of exploration and production wells, 1968-2013
    • 4.2.5. Incentives for exploration
    • 4.2.6. Regulations
    • 4.2.7. Market forecast: North Sea
      • Figure 4.26: Capital expenditure on water treatment equipment by system in the North Sea, 2011-2020
      • Figure 4.27: Produced water volumes from offshore oil and gas production in the North Sea, 2011-2020
      • Figure 4.28: Capital expenditure on produced water treatment by equipment in the North Sea, 2011-2020
  • 4.3. Gulf of Mexico
    • 4.3.1. Gulf of Mexico (United States)
      • Figure 4.29: Historical and forecasted offshore crude oil production in the U.S., 1986-2040
      • Figure 4.30: U.S. offshore proved crude oil reserves, 2009-2012
      • Figure 4.31: Map of operational U.S. offshore oil and gas installations in the Gulf of Mexico
      • 4.3.1.1. Offshore oil and gas production
        • Figure 4.32: Total United States offshore oil production, 1986-2012
        • Figure 4.33: Oil production in the Gulf of Mexico by well depth, 1996-2013
        • Figure 4.34: Gas production in the Gulf of Mexico by well depth, 1996-2013
      • 4.3.1.2. Produced water
        • Figure 4.35: Produced water volumes in the Gulf of Mexico by well depth, 1996-2013
        • Figure 4.36: WOR in the Gulf of Mexico by well depth, 1996-2013
        • Figure 4.37: Produced water disposal methods on the Gulf of Mexico OCS, 2013
      • 4.3.1.3. Major E&P companies
        • Figure 4.38: Top 10 Gulf of Mexico oil producers, 2007-2013
        • Figure 4.39: Top 10 Gulf of Mexico oil producers cumulative production, 2007-2013
        • Figure 4.40: Top 10 Gulf of Mexico gas producers, 2007-2013
      • 4.3.1.4. Regulations
        • Relevant legislation
    • 4.3.2. Gulf of Mexico (Mexico)
      • Figure 4.41: Offshore and onshore oil production, 1979-2013
      • Figure 4.42: Offshore and onshore gas production, 1979-2013
      • Figure 4.43: Offshore oil and gas production by region, 2000-2013
      • Figure 4.44: Map of offshore oil and gas installations since 2000 and exploration projects in Mexico
      • 4.3.2.1. Investment in E&P and expected production
        • Figure 4.45: Pemex offshore E&P capex, actual and expected, 2009-2017
        • Figure 4.46: Expected oil production, 2014-2018
        • Figure 4.48: Expected gas production, 2014-2018
        • Figure 4.50: Summary of Pemex's portfolio of E&P projects
      • 4.3.2.2. Reserves
        • Figure 4.52: Total hydrocarbon reserves in Mexico
        • Figure 4.53: Mexico offshore reserves by region, 2013
      • 4.3.2.3. The energy reform: the end of Pemex's monopoly
        • Figure 4.54: Results of Round Zero: reserves granted to Pemex
        • Figure 4.56: Pemex's E&P contracts with third parties and future priority blocks for farm-out agreements
      • 4.3.2.4. Produced water management
        • Figure 4.58: Percentage of produced water reinjected by offshore region, 2004-2012
      • 4.3.3. Market forecast: Gulf of Mexico
        • Figure 4.59: Capital expenditure on water treatment equipment by system in the Gulf of Mexico, 2011-2020
        • Figure 4.60: Produced water volumes from offshore oil and gas production in the Gulf of Mexico, 2011-2020
        • Figure 4.61: Capital expenditure on produced water treatment by equipment in the Gulf of Mexico, 2011-2020

5. Regions: Part 2

  • 5.1. West Africa
    • Figure 5.1: Offshore oil production in Angola by field depth, 2004-2013
    • 5.1.1. Oil and gas production
      • Figure 5.2: Major offshore oil producing countries in West Africa, 2000-2013
      • Figure 5.3: Major offshore gas producing countries in West Africa, 2000-2013
      • Figure 5.4: Map of offshore oil and gas installations in West Africa since 2000
    • 5.1.2. Major E&P operators
      • Figure 5.5: Share of offshore oil production in West Africa by operator, 2013
      • Figure 5.6: Domestic and international operators' offshore oil production in Nigeria, 2000-2013
      • Figure 5.7: Share of offshore gas production in West Africa by operator, 2013
    • 5.1.3. Produced water volumes
      • Figure 5.8: Estimated volume of produced water from Nigerian offshore oil production, 2000-2013
    • 5.1.4. Market forecast: West Africa
      • Figure 5.9: Capital expenditure on water treatment equipment by system in West Africa, 2011-2020
      • Figure 5.10: Produced water volumes from offshore oil and gas production in West Africa, 2011-2020
      • Figure 5.11: Capital expenditure on produced water treatment by equipment in West Africa, 2011-2020
  • 5.2. Persian Gulf
    • Figure 5.12: Map of offshore oil and gas installations in the Persian Gulf since 2000
    • 5.2.1. Oil and gas production
      • Figure 5.13: Persian Gulf offshore oil production 2000-2013
      • Figure 5.14: Persian Gulf offshore gas production 2000-2012
    • 5.2.2. Major offshore E&P companies
      • Figure 5.15: Top oil companies in the Persian Gulf, 2012
      • Figure 5.16: Top gas companies in the Persian Gulf, 2012
    • 5.2.3. Current and future projects
      • 5.2.3.1. Saudi Arabia projects
      • 5.2.3.2. UAE projects
      • 5.2.3.3. Qatar projects
      • 5.2.3.4. Iran projects
    • 5.2.4. Water treatment and technologies
      • 5.2.4.1. Produced water management
    • 5.2.5. Production contract types
    • 5.2.6. Market forecast: Persian Gulf
      • Figure 5.17: Capital expenditure on water treatment equipment by system in the Persian Gulf, 2011-2020
      • Figure 5.18: Produced water volumes from offshore oil and gas production in the Persian Gulf, 2011-2020
      • Figure 5.19: Capital expenditure on produced water treatment by equipment in the Persian Gulf, 2011-2020
  • 5.3. Caspian Sea
    • Figure 5.20: Map of offshore oil and gas installations in the Caspian Sea since 2000
    • Figure 5.21: Caspian Sea offshore oil production, 2001-2013
    • 5.3.1. Azerbaijan
      • 5.3.1.1. Oil production
        • Figure 5.22: Azerbaijan's offshore oil production, 2001-2013
        • Figure 5.23: Shareholders of the ACG oil field, Azerbaijan
      • 5.3.1.2. Gas production
        • Figure 5.24: Azerbaijan's offshore gas production, 2001-2013
        • Figure 5.25: Shareholders of the Shah Deniz gas field, Azerbaijan
      • 5.3.1.3. Produced water management
        • Figure 5.26: Produced water volumes from ACG and Shah Deniz fields, 2008-2013
        • Figure 5.27: Methods of produced water management from BP's fields in Azerbaijan, 2013
    • 5.3.2. Kazakhstan
      • 5.3.2.1. Kashagan offshore oil field
      • 5.3.2.2. Kashagan field operators
        • Figure 5.28: Shareholders of the Kashagan oilfield, Kazakhstan
      • 5.3.2.3. Kashagan future production
        • Figure 5.29: Expected oil production from the Kashagan field, Kazakhstan
      • 5.3.3. Market forecast: Caspian Sea
        • Figure 5.30: Produced water volumes from offshore oil and gas production in the Caspian Sea, 2011-2020
        • Figure 5.31: Capital expenditure on produced water treatment by equipment in the Caspian Sea, 2011-2020
  • 5.4. Asia Pacific
    • 5.4.1. China
      • Figure 5.32: Map of China's offshore oil and gas installations since 2000
      • Figure 5.33: China's proven technically recoverable offshore oil reserves by region, 2011
      • 5.4.1.1. Offshore oil and gas production
        • Figure 5.34: China's crude oil production, 2000-2013
        • Figure 5.35: China's natural gas production, 2000-2013
        • Figure 5.36: China's offshore oil production by region, 2000-2011
        • Figure 5.37: China's offshore gas production by region, 2000-2011
      • 5.4.1.2. Major E&P companies
        • Figure 5.38: NOC's share of China's offshore crude oil production, 2000. and 2011
        • Figure 5.39: Major exploration and production companies in China
      • 5.4.1.3. Injection wells and produced water management
        • Figure 5.40: China's offshore oil and gas wells by region, 2000-2011
        • Figure 5.41: China's offshore injection wells by region, 2000-2011
        • Figure 5.42: China's produced water discharge volumes by region, 2004-2013
        • Figure 5.43: Major offshore produced water equipment providers in China
      • 5.4.1.4. Regulatory standards for produced water
        • Figure 5.44: Standards for produced water discharged to the sea
      • 5.4.1.5. Future development
    • 5.4.2. Australia
      • 5.4.2.1. Offshore oil production
        • Figure 5.45: Australia's offshore oil production, 1971-2013
      • 5.4.2.2. Offshore natural gas production
        • Figure 5.46: Australia's offshore natural gas production, 1971-2013
      • 5.4.2.3. Australia's main offshore operators
        • Figure 5.47: Australia's top offshore oil and gas operators, 2013
      • 5.4.2.4. Water treatment
    • 5.4.3. Other countries in Asia Pacific
      • Figure 5.48: Map of offshore oil and gas installations in South East Asia since 2000
      • Figure 5.49: History of offshore oil production in the Asia Pacific region
      • Figure 5.50: Total and offshore proven oil reserves by country, as of January 2014
      • 5.4.3.1. Oil production
        • Figure 5.51: Offshore oil production in South Asia and the South China Sea, 2000-2012
      • 5.4.3.2. Natural gas production
        • Figure 5.52: Offshore gas production in South Asia and the South China Sea, 2000-2012
      • 5.4.3.3. Major E&P companies
        • Figure 5.53: Major E&P companies in South Asia and the South China Sea
    • 5.4.4. Market forecast: Asia Pacific
      • Figure 5.54: Capital expenditure on water treatment equipment by system in Asia Pacific, 2011-2020
      • Figure 5.55: Produced water volumes from offshore oil and gas production in Asia Pacific, 2011-2020
      • Figure 5.56: Capital expenditure on produced water treatment by equipment in Asia Pacific, 2011-2020

6. Procurement in the offshore oil and gas industry

  • 6.1. Dynamics in offshore oil and gas
    • 6.1.1. Players in the offshore oil and gas industry
      • Figure 6.1: Major players in the offshore oil and gas industry
      • 6.1.1.1. E&P companies
      • 6.1.1.2. Consulting engineers
        • Figure 6.2: Top 10 consulting engineers in the oil and gas industry
      • 6.1.1.3. Engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) companies
      • 6.1.1.4. Water treatment system and equipment suppliers
        • Water system integrators
        • Equipment suppliers
  • 6.2. Water equipment sale in offshore oil and gas
    • Figure 6.3: Water equipment sale in the offshore oil and gas industry
    • 6.2.1. Water injection equipment
    • 6.2.2. Produced water treatment equipment
    • 6.2.3. Advantages of treatment trains versus equipment skids
    • 6.2.4. Post-sale service
    • 6.2.5. Greenfield versus brownfield projects
    • 6.2.6. Eligibility for bidding
    • 6.2.7. Evaluation criteria
    • 6.2.8. Capex versus opex
  • 6.3. Involvement in FEED studies
  • 6.4. High barriers to entry
  • 6.5. Ways into the industry
  • 6.6. Industry needs
  • 6.7. Regional peculiarities
    • 6.7.1. China
    • 6.7.2. Brazil
    • 6.7.3. West Africa
    • 6.7.4. Other countries

Interviewees

References

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