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市場調查報告書

分散太陽能發電系統整合的先進供電網用電力電子技術

Advanced Grid Power Electronics for High Penetration PV Integration 2014

出版商 Greentech Media Inc. 商品編碼 300121
出版日期 內容資訊 英文
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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分散太陽能發電系統整合的先進供電網用電力電子技術 Advanced Grid Power Electronics for High Penetration PV Integration 2014
出版日期: 2014年04月22日 內容資訊: 英文
簡介

美國分散式太陽能發電系統的普及率今後4年預計將成長300%以上,對現有的配電基礎建設來說成為一大負擔。近幾年引人注目,能夠解決這樣問題的最高成本效率的技術解決方案,為包含電力電子技術為基礎的解決方案之二次配電網控制設備。使用這些的設備,可應對在分散式太陽能發電技術日益普及中產生的直接影響無法避免的各種纏繞地區性供電網穩定性的問題,正式導入各種解決方案,並提高運用的彈性,大幅度改善配電方法。以成本效率高的方法導入這些解決方案,與現有的供電網管理架構合併,可發揮在強化計劃籌劃/模擬軟體的功能之配合措施的成果,能在最重要的場所導入恰當的解決方案,以用有限的預算作效率性的運用。

本報告提供隨著分散太陽能發電技術的普及擴大,電力公司所面臨的課題和各種分散電力電子技術系統的價值提案等詳細分析、案例研究、競爭情形分析、市場預測等資訊,為您概述為以下內容。

第1章 摘要整理

第2章 分散太陽能發電系統的整合

  • 公共產業方面的疑慮
  • 太陽能發電系統整合解決方案
  • 智慧變頻器
  • 利用電池的能源儲存
  • 公共產業用軟體

第3章 公共產業擁有的硬體設備的更新,實現數位電網

  • 價值提案
  • 普及推動因素
  • 普及阻礙因素

第4章 技術

  • 電力電子技術與適應型電子機械硬體設備
  • 建模與模擬的軟體
  • 控制軟體的結構
  • 監視
  • 演進和差異化

第5章 案例研究

  • EnBW ODR的RiesLing企劃
  • 整合RWE的太陽能發電系統的先導計畫
  • San Diego Gas and Electric的太陽能發電系統的整合
  • 遠距單線饋線的電力品質
  • 在Adams-Columbia Electric Cooperative的高峰負荷削減的配合措施

第6章 競爭環境

  • 先進性的調節設備的生態系統
  • 資金籌措活動和M&A
  • 開發活動
  • 供電電壓調整產品的評估

第7章 預測

  • 預測的範圍
  • 預測的意圖
  • 現有的基礎建設:二次變壓器與配電線
  • 美國的饋線強度評估
  • 各州的饋線太陽能發電普及率
  • 混合饋線的強度和太陽能發電的普及情形
  • 國際的指南

第8章 結論

圖表一覽

目錄

Penetration of distributed solar is set to increase by over 300% in the United States over the next four years, straining existing distribution infrastructure at the local level in at least thirteen states. Secondary distribution grid control equipment, including power electronics-based solutions, represents the best and increasingly most cost-effective technical solution to these problems. GTM Research expects the market for these devices to grow tenfold over the next five years alone.

Secondary distribution control equipment addresses the localized grid stability issues that will continue to impact distribution grids in the near-term as distributed solar penetration continues to grow. Wider deployment of these solutions could drastically improve the way power is distributed while simultaneously increasing operational flexibility. Cost-effective deployment and integration of these solutions into existing distribution grid control architectures will benefit from leading utility efforts to enhance planning and simulation software. This will enable utilities to better direct limited capital budgets to purchase and install the right solution in the most critical locations.

Distributed Solar Capacity as a % of Peak Feeder Capacity by State

             SOURCE: GTM RESEARCH

This report provide in-depth analysis of the utility challenges created by high penetration distributed PV, value propositions for various distribution power electronics systems, competitive analysis of vendor solutions, market forecasting and in-depth descriptions of key markets, historical deployments, and venture capital and financing activity in the sector.

Competitive analysis of vendors including:

  • ABB
  • Battelle
  • EDD
  • ETAP
  • GridBridge
  • Gridco Systems
  • GRIDiant
  • Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen
  • MicroPlanet
  • One-Cycle Control
  • Siemens
  • Tyree
  • Varentec

Utility cas studies including:

  • Adams-Columbia Electric Cooperative
  • EnBW
  • Ergon Energy
  • RWE
  • San Diego Gas & Electric

SAMPLE FIGURE

Comparison of Distribution Technologies Benefits Comparison

             SOURCE: GTM RESEARCH
             NOTE: CHART DATA AVAILABLE IN FULL REPORT

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

  • 1.1. Key Questions Answered
  • 1.2. Key Findings

2. Distributed PV Integration

  • 2.1. Utility Concerns
  • 2.2. Solar Integration Solutions
  • 2.3. Smart Inverters
  • 2.4. Battery Storage
  • 2.5. Utility Software

3. Updating Utility-Owned Hardware to Enable a Digital Grid

  • 3.1. The Value Proposition
  • 3.2. Drivers
  • 3.3. Barriers

4. Technologies

  • 4.1. Power Electronics and Adapted Electromechanical Hardware
  • 4.2. Modeling and Simulation Software
  • 4.3. Control Software Schemes
  • 4.4. Monitoring
  • 4.5. Evolution and Differentiation

5. Case Studies

  • 5.1. EnBW ODR's RiesLing Project
  • 5.2. RWE PV Integration Pilot
  • 5.3. PV Integration at San Diego Gas and Electric
  • 5.4. Power Quality on Long Single-Wire Feeders
  • 5.5. Peak Load Reduction at Adams-Columbia Electric Cooperative

6. Competitive Landscape

  • 6.1. Advanced Regulation Device Ecosystem
  • 6.2. Funding Activities and M&A
  • 6.3. Development Activities
  • 6.4. Service Voltage Product Assessment

7. Forecast

  • 7.1. Forecast Scope
  • 7.2. Forecast Plan
  • 7.3. Existing Infrastructure: Secondary Transformers and Distribution Feeders
  • 7.4. United States Feeder Strength Assessment
  • 7.5. Solar Penetration by Feeder per State
  • 7.6. Blended Feeder Strength and Solar Penetration
  • 7.7. International Guidance

8. Conclusion

LIST OF FIGURES

1. Executive Summary

  • Cumulative U.S. PV Installations
  • Distributed Solar Deployment in Selected Geographies
  • Secondary Side Power Electronics Forecast Scenarios
  • Market Topics Discussed In This Report
  • Global Inverter Standards for High-Penetration PV
  • Distributed Solar Capacity as a % of Peak Feeder Capacity by State, 2013
  • Distributed Solar Capacity as a % of Peak Feeder Capacity by State, 2017
  • Distribution Circuit Penetration, Hawaii, September 2013
  • Benefits Associated with Power Electronics Equipment
  • RWE Pilot Data: PCS 100 Input and Output Voltage
  • Actual Feeder Voltage Profile Change With and Without Operation of ENGO-V10 Devices
  • Selected Advanced Modeling Deployments Around the United States
  • Venture Capital Investment in Utility Secondary-Side Power Electronics
  • Ratio of State Feeder Carrying Capacity Over Solar Penetration by Number of Secondary Transformers

2. Distributed PV Integration

  • Utility Hierarchy of Concerns Associated With High Penetration of Solar
  • Generalized Grid Topologies Around the World
  • Regional Utility Hierarchy of Concerns
  • Solar Integration Solutions
  • Primary Smart Inverter Functions to Improve Grid Operation
  • Global Inverter Regulations for High PV Penetration
  • Smart Inverter Limitations and Barriers
  • Capital Cost of Reactive Power Support for Various Technologies
  • Energy Storage Applications
  • Energy Storage Benefit Streams at Different Grid Levels
  • Interconnection Studies by Solar Array Size in the United States

3. Updating Utility-Owned Hardware to Enable a Digital Grid

  • Origin of Power Electronics Vendors
  • Primary Capabilities of Distribution Power Electronics
  • Operational Timelines for Power Quality Control Equipment
  • Benefits Associated With Distribution Power Electronics Equipment
  • Comparison of Distribution Technologies Benefits Comparison
  • Benefit Stack for Secondary Power Electronics
  • Typical Energy Reduction by Type of CVR Solution
  • Drivers for Secondary Power Electronics Adoption
  • Barriers to Adoption of Secondary Power Electronics
  • Potential Grid Upgrade Finance Methods

4. Technologies

  • Power Electronics Connection Architectures
  • Secondary Voltage Control Technology Characteristics
  • Scalable, Customizable Distribution Feeder Analysis and Upgrades
  • Selected Advanced Modeling Deployments Around the United States
  • Emerging Local Power Quality and Voltage Control Schemes
  • ARPA-E Funding for SWITCHES Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Research Fund

5. Case Studies

  • Macro Drivers for Grid Edge Deployments
  • EnBW Secondary Grid Technology Deployment
  • The RiesLing Project
  • RiesLing Project: Secondary Station Configuration 1
  • RiesLing Project: Configuration 2
  • RiesLing Project: Configuration 3
  • Configuration 3 Example Input and Output Voltage
  • Macro Drivers for Grid Edge Deployments
  • RWE Secondary Grid Technology Deployment
  • Renewable Energy Capacity in the Trier Region
  • Smart Country Project
  • Voltage Fluctuation Change Under Wide Area Control
  • Voltage Performance of PCS 100 Over 30 Days
  • Macro Drivers for Grid Edge Deployments
  • San Diego Gas and Electric's Expected Future Load Profile
  • Projected Cumulative Distributed PV Installations and Capacity at SDG&E, 2012-2021
  • ANSI C84.1 Versus Rule 2 Service Voltage Guidelines
  • San Diego Gas and Electric Secondary Grid Technology Deployment
  • Modeled Voltage With and Without Various Dynamic Control Devices
  • Macro Drivers for Grid Edge Deployments
  • Ergon Energy Secondary Grid Technology Deployment
  • Macro Drivers for Grid Edge Deployments
  • Adams-Columbia Electric Cooperative Secondary Grid Technology Deployment
  • NRECA Demonstration Project: CVR at Adams-Columbia
  • An Actual Pilot Feeder Voltage With 40 Varentec Devices On and Off

6. Competitive Landscape

  • Secondary Power Electronics Ecosystem Taxonomy
  • Addressable Applications and Capabilities Offered by Secondary-Side Equipment Vendors
  • Venture Capital and Research Grant Funding for Secondary Distribution Power Electronics
  • Total Funding for Small Grid Startups
  • Acquisitions and Partnerships in the Secondary Power Electronics Market
  • Country-Level Transmission and Distribution Systems and Solar Characteristics
  • Secondary-Side Power Electronic
  • U.S. Trials and Early Deployments of Utility-Owned Secondary Power Electronics s Vendors' Native Markets
  • Select Installations of Secondary Power Electronics and Load Tap Changers in Germany and Australia
  • Utility Requirements for Secondary-Side Control Equipment Power
  • Explanation of Qualitative Factors in Figure 6.13
  • Secondary Distribution Power Electronic and Load Tap Changer Product Comparison
  • Secondary-Side Power Electronics Vendor Ranking

7. Forecast

  • Challenges Associated With Forecasting Power Electronics
  • Liquid-Immersed Secondary Transformer Stock
  • Number of Feeders Included in PNNL Study by Utility Ownership
  • PNNL Archetypal Feeder and Characteristic Data
  • Distribution Circuit Penetration in Hawaii, September 2013
  • PNNL Climate Zones
  • Feeders and Distribution Transformers by State (Excluding Hawaii and Alaska)
  • Variables in Feeder Strength Assessment
  • Feeder Stiffness by PNNL Archetype
  • Distributed Solar Capacity as a % of Peak Feeder Capacity by State, 2013
  • Distributed Solar Capacity as a % of Peak Feeder Capacity by State, 2017
  • Ratio of State Feeder Carrying Capacity Over Solar Penetration by Number of Secondary Transformers
  • Market Forecast of Secondary Power Electronics for Solar Integration
  • Four Feeder Stiffness Groups by Index Rating
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