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市場調查報告書

中東、非洲再生能源政策手冊

Middle East and Africa Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2017

出版商 GlobalData 商品編碼 357833
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 89 Pages
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中東、非洲再生能源政策手冊 Middle East and Africa Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2017
出版日期: 2017年06月01日 內容資訊: 英文 89 Pages
簡介

本報告提供中東、非洲的主要國家的再生能源政策調查分析,以現在/未來再生能源目標為焦點,提供政策架構,成長的潛在性,固有的政策、獎勵策略等系統性資訊。

第1章 目錄

第2章 簡介

第3章 再生能源政策:阿爾及利亞

  • 概要
  • 電力部門改革
  • 主要的電力政策
  • 風力、太陽光的固定價格買進制度 (FIT)
  • 外國投資的法律規章

第4章 再生能源政策:埃及

  • 概要
  • 電力法
  • 電力部門改革
  • 建設、擁有、營運、轉讓方案
  • 再生能源政策
  • 固定價格買進制度 (FIT)

第5章 再生能源政策:伊朗

  • 概要
  • 電力部門改革
  • 再生能源政策

第6章 再生能源政策:伊拉克

  • 概要
  • 電力總計畫
  • 再生能源政策
  • 電力市場外國投資政策

第7章 再生能源政策:以色列

  • 概要
  • 自立的發電政策
  • 太陽光、風力發電的FIT
  • 太陽光、風力發電的國庫輔助金
  • 再生能源目標

第8章 再生能源政策:摩洛哥

  • 概要
  • 再生能源開發法
  • 摩洛哥的太陽能廳
  • 摩洛哥的太陽能光電發電計劃
  • 摩洛哥的風力發電計劃

第9章 再生能源政策:奈及利亞

  • 概要
  • 該國再生能源、能源效率政策
  • 多年關稅
  • 生質燃料

第10章 再生能源政策:卡達

  • 概要
  • 再生能源目標
  • 排放標準
  • 太陽能光電發電的據點
  • 能源效率、永續的開發

第11章 再生能源政策:沙烏地阿拉伯

  • 概要
  • 該國產業叢集開發計劃
  • 再生能源目標
  • 能源研究創新計劃

第12章 再生能源政策:南非

  • 概要
  • 再生能源白皮書
  • 該國氣候變動支援政策
  • 再生能源自立電力生產採購計劃
  • 整合電力資源計劃
  • 氣候政策的願景、策略的方向性、架構
  • 生質燃料產業策略
  • 能源效率、需求面管理

第13章 再生能源政策:敘利亞

  • 概要
  • 再生能源政策
  • 節能法
  • 再生能源目標
  • 再生能源方案的加速
  • 電力法

第14章 再生能源政策:UAE

  • 概要
  • 再生能源政策
  • 杜拜整合能源策略
  • 能源多樣化策略
  • 電表架構
  • 杜拜清潔能源策略
  • 綠色建築規範

第15章 附錄

圖表

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目錄

Renewable energy represents a possible solution to two major global issues: global warming and diminishing fossil fuel reserves. It is sustainable and clean, generally emitting no or very little CO2, and these factors have led major countries to shift their focus toward the development of renewable energy sources. Renewable energy has the potential to boost the global economy. However, the most important challenge in the deployment of renewable energy is that it is more expensive than conventional fuels. In order to make renewable energy competitive, it is necessary for governments to provide support in the form of favorable policies and incentives.

Renewable energy has a mixed market outlook in the Middle East and Africa (MEA) region like the economies in the region themselves. While some countries are reluctant to develop renewable energy due to abundance in conventional resources and some countries just cannot afford to support the development of renewable energy; some countries are proactively doing the same in order to reduce GHG emissions and appease international corridors. Yet, no country in the region is in the list of top renewable energy markets.

Introduction of FITs has played a major role in creating and growing the market for renewable energy in the MEA region. Every country that had introduced an FIT has seen positive effects of the move in the same or subsequent years. Establishing a dedicated agency to coordinate the promotion of one or more renewable technologies has also gone a long way in supporting market growth as seen in the case of Morocco. There was a sharp increase in solar capacity in 2010 after the formation of Moroccan Agency for Solar Energy (MASEN).

Political turmoil has been one of the destabilizing factors in arresting the spread of renewable energy in the Middle East, and African region. Countries such as Iraq and the Syrian Arab Republic in the Middle East, and Angola in Africa which have been torn by local strife, have seen little development of dedicated policies to promote renewable energy.

The report "Middle East and Africa Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2017" begins with an introduction to renewable energy policy and its importance in making renewable energy sources competitive with conventional energy sources. It then discusses the major renewable energy policies in Middle East and Africa. The report also provides major technology specific policies and incentives provided in the region and helps develop business strategies with the help of specific insights about policy decisions being taken for different renewable energy sources.

Scope

  • The report covers policy measures and incentives used in the Middle East and Africa region to promote renewable energy.
  • The report details promotional measures in the Middle East and Africa region both for the overall renewable energy industry and for specific renewable energy technologies that have potential in the region.

Reasons to buy

The report will enhance your decision making capability in a more rapid and time sensitive manner. It will allow you to -

  • Develop business strategies with the help of specific insights about policy decisions being taken for different renewable energy sources.
  • Identify opportunities and challenges in exploiting various renewable technologies.
  • Compare the level of support provided to different renewable energy technologies in the Middle East and Africa region.
  • Be ahead of competition by keeping yourself abreast of all the latest policy changes.

Table of Contents

1 Table of Contents

1 Table of Contents 2

  • 1.1 List of Tables 7

2 Introduction 8

  • 2.1 Renewable Energy Policy 8
  • 2.2 GlobalData Report Guidance 8

3 Executive Summary 9

4 Renewable Energy Policy, Algeria 11

  • 4.1 Overview 11
  • 4.2 Power Sector Reforms 11
  • 4.3 Key Electricity Policies 12
  • 4.4 Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Development Plan 2015-2030 12
  • 4.5 Feed in Tariffs for Wind and Solar 13
  • 4.6 Renewable Energy National Fund 14
  • 4.7 Foreign Investment Laws and Regulations 14

5 Renewable Energy Policy, Angola 16

  • 5.1 Overview 16
  • 5.2 The General Electricity Act, 2014 16
  • 5.3 Public Private Partnership (PPP) Law 16
  • 5.4 2025 Angola Long Term Strategy 17
  • 5.5 The National Energy Security Strategy and Policy 17
  • 5.6 Sustainable Energy 4 All (SE4ALL) Goals 18
  • 5.7 Regional Policy for Universal Access to Modern Energy 2014-2030 18
  • 5.8 National Renewable Energy Strategy 19
  • 5.9 National Development Plan 2013-2017 19
  • 5.10 Ministry of Energy and Water Action Plan 2013-2017 20
  • 5.11 Overview 20
  • 5.12 The General Electricity Act, 2014 20
  • 5.13 Public Private Partnership (PPP) Law 21
  • 5.14 2025 Angola Long Term Strategy 21
  • 5.15 The National Energy Security Strategy and Policy 21
  • 5.16 Sustainable Energy 4 All (SE4ALL) Goals 22
  • 5.17 Regional Policy for Universal Access to Modern Energy 2014-2030 22
  • 5.18 National Renewable Energy Strategy 23
  • 5.19 National Development Plan 2013-2017 24
  • 5.20 Ministry of Energy and Water Action Plan 2013-2017 24

6 Renewable Energy Policy, Egypt 25

  • 6.1 Overview 25
  • 6.2 Electricity Law 26
  • 6.3 Power Sector Reforms 26
  • 6.4 Renewable Energy Law (Decree No. 203/2014) 27
  • 6.5 Build, Own, Operate, and Transfer Scheme 27
  • 6.6 Renewable Energy Policies 28
  • 6.7 Feed-in Tariffs 29
    • 6.7.1 Phase One (September 2014) 29
    • 6.7.2 Phase Two (October 2016) 30
  • 6.8 Custom tax reduction for renewable equipment 31

7 Renewable Energy Policy, Ghana 32

  • 7.1 Overview 32
  • 7.2 Chief Electricity Policies 32
  • 7.3 Reforms 33
  • 7.4 SE4All 33
  • 7.5 Renewable Energy Act 34
  • 7.6 National Energy Policy 35
  • 7.7 National Electrification Scheme 36
  • 7.8 Ghana Energy Development and Access Project 36
  • 7.9 Strategic National Energy Plan, 2006-2020 37
  • 7.10 Tax and duty exemptions 37
  • 7.11 Net-Metering Code Draft 37

8 Renewable Energy Policy, Iran 38

  • 8.1 Overview 38
  • 8.2 Key Energy Reforms 38
  • 8.3 Renewable Power Policy 39
  • 8.4 Renewable Energy Development Fund 40
  • 8.5 Renewable Portfolio Standards 41
  • 8.6 Feed-in Tariff for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) 41

9 Renewable Energy Policy, Iraq 42

  • 9.1 Overview 42
  • 9.2 Integrated National Energy Strategy 42
  • 9.3 Electricity Master Plan to 2030 43
    • 9.3.1 Privatization Plans 43
  • 9.4 Renewable Energy Policy 44
  • 9.5 Renewable Energy Auction 44
  • 9.6 Foreign Investment Scenario 44
  • 9.7 Policies for Foreign Investment in the Power Market 45

10 Renewable Energy Policy, Israel 46

  • 10.1 Overview 46
  • 10.2 Independent Electricity Generation Policy 47
  • 10.3 Feed-in Tariff for Solar PV and Wind Power 47
  • 10.4 State Subsidy for Generation from Solar PV and Wind Power 48
  • 10.5 Renewable Energy Targets 48

11 Renewable Energy Policy, Kenya 50

  • 11.1 Overview 50
  • 11.2 Tax Incentives 50
  • 11.3 Feed-in Tariff 51
  • 11.4 Solar Water Heating Regulation 52
  • 11.5 LCPDP 2011-2031 52
  • 11.6 Energy Act 2006 52

12 Renewable Energy Policy, Morocco 53

  • 12.1 Overview 53
  • 12.2 Renewable Energy Development Law 53
  • 12.3 Moroccan Agency for Solar Energy 53
  • 12.4 Moroccan Solar Program 54
  • 12.5 Moroccan Wind Energy Program 54
  • 12.6 Net-Metering Legislation (Law n°58-15) 54
  • 12.7 Renewable Power Tenders 54

13 Renewable Energy Policy, Mozambique 56

  • 13.1 Overview 56
  • 13.2 Key Electricity Policies 56
  • 13.3 Power Sector Reforms 56
  • 13.4 Renewable Energy Development 57
  • 13.5 Fundo de Energia (FUNAE) 57
  • 13.6 National Biofuels Policy 58
  • 13.7 Feed-in Tariffs 58

14 Renewable Energy Policy, Nigeria 59

  • 14.1 Overview 59
  • 14.2 National Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Policy 59
  • 14.3 Renewable Energy Master Plan 59
  • 14.4 Multi-Year Tariff Order 2 60
  • 14.5 Feed-in Tariff 60
  • 14.6 Biofuels Blending Mandate 61

15 Renewable Energy Policy, Qatar 62

  • 15.1 Overview 62
  • 15.2 Renewable Energy Target 62
  • 15.3 Emission Norms 63
  • 15.4 Solar Power Hub 63
  • 15.5 Energy Efficiency and Sustainable Development 63

16 Renewable Energy Policy, Saudi Arabia 64

  • 16.1 Overview 64
  • 16.2 National Industrial Cluster Development Program 64
  • 16.3 Renewable Energy Target 65
  • 16.4 Energy Research Innovation Program 65

17 Renewable Energy Policy, South Africa 66

  • 17.1 Overview 66
  • 17.2 The White Paper on Renewable Energy 66
  • 17.3 National Climate Change Response Policy 67
  • 17.4 Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Program 68
  • 17.5 Integrated Resource Plan for Electricity, 2010-2030 68
  • 17.6 Vision, Strategic Direction, and Framework for Climate Policy 69
  • 17.7 Biofuels Industrial Strategy 69
  • 17.8 Energy Efficiency and Demand Side Management 69
  • 17.9 Integrated National Energy Program 69

18 Renewable Energy Policy, Syrian Arab Republic 70

  • 18.1 Overview 70
  • 18.2 Renewable Power Policy 70
  • 18.3 Energy Conservation Law 71
  • 18.4 Renewable Energy Target, Syrian Arab Republic 71
  • 18.5 Accelerated Renewable Energy Scenario 72
  • 18.6 Electricity Law No. 32 72

19 Renewable Energy Policy, Tanzania 73

  • 19.1 Overview 73
  • 19.2 Economic Regulations 73
  • 19.3 National Energy Policy, 2003 74
  • 19.4 Rural Energy Act, 2005 75
  • 19.5 Electricity Act, 2008 75
  • 19.6 Feed-in-Tariff 76
  • 19.7 Scaling up Renewable Energy Program 77
  • 19.8 Power System Master Plan, 2012-2030 77
  • 19.9 National Energy Policy, 2015 Draft 78

20 Renewable Energy Policy, UAE 79

  • 20.1 Overview 79
  • 20.2 Renewable Energy Policies 79
  • 20.3 Dubai Integrated Energy Strategy, 2030 79
  • 20.4 Energy Diversification Strategy 80
  • 20.5 Metering Framework 80
  • 20.6 Dubai Clean Energy Strategy, 2050 80
  • 20.7 Renewable Energy Deployment Strategy 81
  • 20.8 Solar Water Heating Regulation 81
  • 20.9 Green Building Code, Dubai 81

21 Appendix 82

  • 21.1 Market Definitions 82
    • 21.1.1 Power 82
    • 21.1.2 Installed Capacity 82
    • 21.1.3 Electricity Generation 82
    • 21.1.4 Electricity Consumption 82
    • 21.1.5 Thermal Power Plant 82
    • 21.1.6 Hydropower Plant 82
    • 21.1.7 Nuclear Power 82
    • 21.1.8 Renewable Energy Resources 82
  • 21.2 Abbreviations 83
  • 21.3 Bibliography 83
  • 21.4 Methodology 87
  • 21.5 Coverage 87
    • 21.5.1 Secondary Research 87
    • 21.5.2 Primary Research 87
    • 21.5.3 Modeling and Forecasting 88
  • 21.6 Contact Us 88
  • 21.7 Disclaimer 89

List of Tables

1.1 List of Tables

  • Table 1: Renewable Energy Policy, Middle East and Africa 9
  • Table 2: Wind Power Feed-in Tariffs, Algeria, 2016 13
  • Table 3: Solar PV Feed-in Tariffs, Algeria, 2016 14
  • Table 4: Renewable Energy Policy, Egypt, Solar Feed-in Tariffs (EGP/kWh) and ($/kWh), 2015 29
  • Table 5: Renewable Energy Policy, Egypt, Wind Feed-in Tariffs ($/kWh), 2015 30
  • Table 6: Renewable Energy Policy, Egypt, Key Changes, Phase One and Phase Two 31
  • Table 7: Power Market, Ghana, Feed-in Tariffs for Renewable Power Sources ($¢/kWh) 35
  • Table 8: Renewable Energy Policy, Iran, Major Power Companies to be Listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange, 2014 39
  • Table 9: Renewable Energy Policy, Iran, Feed-in Tariffs for Renewable Energy Sources, 2017 40
  • Table 10: Renewable Energy Policy, Iran, Feed-in Tariffs for Solar PV, 2016-2017 41
  • Table 11: Renewable Energy Policy, Iraq, Master Plan Financial Requirements ($bn), 2014-2017 43
  • Table 12: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Israel, 2016 48
  • Table 13: Feed-in Tariff for Small Renewable Projects, Kenya 51
  • Table 14: Feed-in Tariff for Renewable Projects above 10 MW, Kenya 51
  • Table 15: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs (MZN and $/kWh), Mozambique, 2016 58
  • Table 16: Feed-in Tariffs, Nigeria, 2016 60
  • Table 17: Feed-in Tariffs, Nigeria, 2016 61
  • Table 18: Renewable Energy Auction Results, South Africa, 2011-2015 68
  • Table 19: Renewable Energy Capacity Targets (MW), South Africa, 2030 68
  • Table 20: Renewable Energy Targets (MW), Syrian Arab Republic 71
  • Table 21: Feed-in Tariff for Hydro and Biomass Projects, Tanzania 76
  • Table 22: Tariff for Main Grid, Tanzania 77
  • Table 23: Abbreviations 83
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