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市場調查報告書

撒哈拉以南非洲各國可再生能源發電大型開發機會

Large-Scale Renewable Energy Power Development Opportunities in Sub-Saharan Africa

出版商 Frost & Sullivan 商品編碼 340890
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 120 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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撒哈拉以南非洲各國可再生能源發電大型開發機會 Large-Scale Renewable Energy Power Development Opportunities in Sub-Saharan Africa
出版日期: 2015年09月25日 內容資訊: 英文 120 Pages
簡介

隨著對於永續能源開發的矚目提高、撒哈拉以南非洲各國也從礦石燃料轉向可再生能源 (RE) 。由於融資可能性低與電力網的極限、不安定性、經濟規模 (電力需求) 過小等問題阻礙了可再生能源的大型開發。雖然成本效率高、各國政府對於不積極讓私人企業加入電力開發也造成市場成長的阻力。東部、南部非洲各國依然具有巨大投資潛在市場。可再生能源發電方案促進綠色經濟並創造工作機會。促進可再生能源是政治、社會、經濟長期安定不可缺少的。

本報告針對撒哈拉以南非洲各國 (SSA) 可再生能源發電 (CSP (聚光太陽能熱發電)、太陽能、風力、地熱) 大型開發可能性進行分析、提供主要市場促進、阻礙因素、各國支援政策概要、國家分類市場環境、事業機會排名、使用中、建設中主要計畫情報、今後市場成長的阻礙、課題、主要國家市場詳細動向。

第1章 分析目的、範圍

第2章 摘要整理

第3章 市場促進、阻礙因素

  • 可再生能源發電計畫促進因素
  • 可再生能源發電計畫阻礙因素

第4章 可再生能源支援政策

  • 可再生能源支援政策概略
  • 世界各國可再生能源政策展望
  • 可再生能源政策發展:年表
  • 撒哈拉以南非洲可再生能源支援政策現狀
  • 獨立電力業者 (IPP) 發展實績
  • 承購/政府信用
  • 政治、商業風險保證
  • FiT (固定價格收購制度) 與支付保費:肯亞
  • FiT與支付保費:烏干達
  • FiT與支付保費:坦尚尼亞
  • FiT與支付保費:盧安達
  • FiT與支付保費:奈及利亞
  • FiT與支付保費:迦納
  • FiT與支付保費:「構想中的政策」
  • 政府的綠色經濟策略

第5章 市場機會辨識分類

  • 太陽能源資源可能性 (太陽能、CSP)
  • 風力能源資源可能性
  • 撒哈拉以南非洲主要15國CSP (聚光太陽能熱發電) 資源可能性
  • 撒哈拉以南非洲主要15國太陽能能源資源可能性
  • 撒哈拉以南非洲主要15國風力能源資源可能性
  • 撒哈拉以南非洲各國地熱能源資源可能性
  • 國家分類排名方法
  • 評價要素選擇基準
  • 國家分類排名結果:可再生能源支援政策
  • 國家分類排名結果:事業發展容易度
  • 國家分類排名結果:清廉指數
  • 國家分類排名結果:政治安定性與暴力/恐怖份子數量
  • 國家分類排名結果:世界競爭力指數 - 基本條件
  • 國家分類排名結果:GDP (國內生產毛額)
  • 國家分類排名結果:供電普及率
  • CSP:最終調整分數與排名
  • 太陽能:最終調整分數與排名
  • 風力:最終調整分數與排名
  • 地熱:最終調整分數與排名
  • 主要結論
  • 主要國家詳細分析:衣索比亞、迦納
  • 主要國家詳細分析:象牙海岸、尚比亞

第6章 大型可再生能源發電計畫

  • 現有可再生能源發電施設的設備容量
  • 代表的使用中可再生能源發電施設
  • 極限
  • 可再生能源發電施設建設計畫
  • 建設中可再生能源發電施設 (國家分類):CSP
  • 建設中可再生能源發電施設 (國家分類):太陽能
  • 建設中可再生能源發電施設 (國家分類):風力
  • 建設中可再生能源發電施設 (國家分類):地熱
  • 非洲電力產業 (2030年):未來總投資額
  • 非洲電力產業 (2030年):IRENA (國際可再生能源機關) 高成長情況
  • 非洲電力產業 (2030年):IRENA低成長情況
  • 非洲電力產業 (2030年):IEA (國際能源機關) 能源市場展望
  • 非洲電力產業 (2030年):IEA預測評論
  • 非洲電力產業 (2030年):比較分析

第7章 市場動向與未來展望

  • 主要課題
  • 融資可能性
  • 電力網容量與電力費用可負擔性
  • 南非洲REIPPPP (IPP的可再生能源採購計畫) 範例
  • 未來的必要條件
  • 新的資金採購方案:太陽能發電計畫的擴充
  • 新的資金調達方案:可再生能源計畫的擴充

第8章 結論

第9章 附錄

第10章 關於Frost & Sullivan

目錄
Product Code: MB34-01-00-00-00

A Story About Bankability, Affordability, and Grid Capacity

This research service on renewable energy (RE) power development opportunities in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) provides market drivers and restraints, overview of RE support policies prevalent in the region, ranking of countries offering the best market opportunities as well as a detailed list of operating and RE power projects under development. In addition, the study identifies countries with the most conducive regulatory, political and economic landscape for RE power development. In this research, Frost & Sullivan's expert analysts thoroughly examine the following technologies:

  • solar photovoltaic (PV)
  • concentrated solar power (CSP)
  • wind power
  • geothermal power

Market Overview

Need for long-term sustainability promotes RE sector

The increasing focus on sustainable power generation is driving SSA to move from fossil fuels to RE. The region's large untapped RE resources, including solar, wind, hydro and geothermal, are further promoting this trend. However, the low bankability of RE projects, limited grid capacity and stability, and the lack of economies of scale (in terms of electricity demand) are holding back the implementation of large-scale RE power projects. The reluctance of some countries in the region to allow the private sector to develop power projects, even though it has been proven to be a more cost-effective strategy, is also hindering the growth of the sector. Government's willingness to involve the private sector and ensure clear policies and regulations for the development of independent power producers (IPPs) will greatly facilitate new RE power projects.

East and Southern Africa are showing the highest market potential. Being the most advanced economy in SSA with high RE targets, South Africa is experiencing a significant amount of investments in new large-scale CSP, PV, and wind power projects. This success is bolstered by the 2011 implementation of the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Program (REIPPPP). Following South Africa, Tanzania, Kenya, Namibia, Zambia, Nigeria, and Botswana present the best opportunities. Ghana, Cote d'Ivoire, and Ethiopia also deserve particular attention for future investment opportunities due to their favourable legislative and institutional framework and governments' inclination to fast-track the development of RE power projects. Burgeoning RE power projects will also drive a green economy and help in creating jobs in related fields such as construction, operation, and maintenance of RE power plants.

Table of Contents

1. AIM AND SCOPE

  • Aim and Scope
  • Limitations
  • Methodology

2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • Key Findings
  • Key Findings (continued)
  • Key Findings (continued)
  • Key Findings (continued)

3. DRIVERS AND RESTRAINTS

  • Renewable Energy Power Project Drivers
  • Renewable Energy Power Project Drivers (continued)
  • Renewable Energy Power Project Restraints
  • Renewable Energy Power Project Restraints (continued)

4. RENEWABLE ENERGY SUPPORT POLICIES

  • Description of RE Support Policies
  • 2015 Outlook of Global Renewable Energy Policies
  • Adoption Timeline of Renewable Energy Policies
  • Early 2015 RE Support Policies in SSA
  • Historical IPP Presence
  • Offtaker/Sovereign Creditworthiness
  • Political and Commercial Risk Guarantees
  • Political and Commercial Risk Guarantees (continued)
  • FiT and Premium Payments-Kenya
  • FiT and Premium Payments-Kenya (continued)
  • FiT and Premium Payments-Uganda
  • FiT and Premium Payments-Uganda (continued)
  • FiT and Premium Payments-Tanzania
  • FiT and Premium Payments-Tanzania (continued)
  • FiT and Premium Payments-Rwanda
  • FiT and Premium Payments-Nigeria
  • FiT and Premium Payments-Nigeria (continued)
  • FiT and Premium Payments-Ghana
  • FiT and Premium Payments-Ghana (continued)
  • FiT and Premium Payments-"Policies In the Making"
  • FiT and Premium Payments-Discontinued Policies
  • National Green Economy Strategy

5. IDENTIFICATION OF OPPORTUNITIES

  • Solar (PV and CSP) Resource Potential
  • Wind Resource Potential
  • Top 15 SSA Countries for CSP Resource Potential
  • Top 15 SSA Countries for Solar PV Resource Potential
  • Top 15 SSA Countries for Wind Resource Potential
  • SSA Countries with Geothermal Resource Potential
  • Country Ranking Methodology
  • Why These Factors?
  • Country Ranking Results-RE Support Policies
  • Country Ranking Results-Ease of Doing Business
  • Country Ranking Results-Corruption Perceptions Index
  • Country Ranking Results-Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism
  • Country Ranking Results-Global Competitiveness Index-Basic Requirements
  • Country Ranking Results-GDP (PPP)
  • Country Ranking Results-Electrification Rate
  • CSP-Final Weighted Score and Ranking
  • PV-Final Weighted Score
  • Wind-Final Weighted Score
  • Geothermal-Final Weighted Score
  • Top 5 Summary
  • Top 5 Summary (continued)
  • Outsiders-Ethiopia and Ghana
  • Outsiders-Côte d'Ivoire and Zambia

6. LARGE-SCALE RENEWABLE ENERGY POWER PROJECTS

  • Existing RE Power Installed Capacity
  • Selected Operational RE Power Projects
  • Existing RE Power Installed Capacity-Explained
  • Limitations
  • Pipeline of RE Projects
  • Pipeline of RE Projects (continued)
  • Pipeline of RE Projects (continued)
  • Pipeline of RE Projects (continued)
  • Pipeline of RE Projects (continued)
  • Pipeline of RE Projects (continued)
  • Pipeline of RE Projects (continued)
  • Pipeline of RE Projects (continued)
  • Pipeline of RE Projects (continued)
  • Pipeline of RE Projects (continued)
  • Pipeline of RE Projects (continued)
  • Pipeline of RE Projects (continued)
  • Pipeline of RE Projects (continued)
  • Pipeline of RE Projects (continued)
  • Pipeline of RE Projects (continued)
  • Pipeline of RE Projects (continued)
  • Pipeline of RE Projects (continued)
  • Pipeline of RE Projects-Explained
  • Pipeline of RE Projects-CSP Country Breakdown
  • Pipeline of RE Projects-Solar PV Country Breakdown
  • Pipeline of RE Projects-Wind Country Breakdown
  • Pipeline of RE Projects-Geothermal Country Breakdown
  • Africa Power Sector 2030-Total Future Investments
  • Africa Power Sector 2030-IRENA High RE Scenario
  • Africa Power Sector 2030-IRENA Low RE Scenario
  • Africa Power Sector 2030-IEA Africa Energy Outlook
  • Africa Power Sector 2030-IEA Africa Energy Outlook (continued)
  • Africa Power Sector 2030-IEA Forecasts Comments
  • Africa Power Sector 2030-Comparison

7. MARKET TRENDS AND THE WAY FORWARD

  • Main Challenges
  • Bankability
  • Grid Capacity and Electricity Affordability
  • South Africa REIPPPP Example
  • Future Requirements
  • New Financing Scheme-Scaling Solar Programme
  • New Financing Scheme-Scaling Up RE Programme

8. CONCLUSIONS

  • Conclusion
  • Legal Disclaimer

9. APPENDIX

  • List of Acronyms
  • List of Acronyms (continued)
  • List of Acronyms (continued)

10. THE FROST & SULLIVAN STORY

  • The Frost & Sullivan Story
  • Value Proposition: Future of Your Company & Career
  • Global Perspective
  • Industry Convergence
  • 360° Research Perspective
  • Implementation Excellence
  • Our Blue Ocean Strategy
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