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市場調查報告書

全球碳奈米材料市場機會:奈米碳管,石墨烯,2D材料,奈米鑽石

The Carbon Nanomaterials Global Opportunity Report

出版商 Future Markets, Inc. 商品編碼 309843
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 778 Pages
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全球碳奈米材料市場機會:奈米碳管,石墨烯,2D材料,奈米鑽石 The Carbon Nanomaterials Global Opportunity Report
出版日期: 2016年11月16日 內容資訊: 英文 778 Pages
簡介

本報告提供奈米碳管,石墨烯,2D材料,奈米鑽石市場相關調查分析,生產量,商業化時間軸,技術趨勢,產品,比較分析,評估,終端用戶市場,企業簡介等系統性資訊。

第1章 調查手法

第2章 摘要整理

第3章 簡介

  • 奈米材料的特性
  • 分類

第4章 奈米碳管

  • 多層奈米碳管 (MWNT)
  • 單層奈米碳管 (SWNT)
  • 二層奈米碳管 (DWNT)
  • 數層奈米碳管 (FWNT)
  • 碳奈米角 (CNH)
  • 碳洋蔥
  • 富勒烯
  • 氮化硼奈米碳管 (BNNT)
  • 特性
  • 奈米碳管的用途

第5章 石墨烯

  • 歷史
  • 石墨烯的形狀
  • 特性
  • 3D石墨烯
  • 石墨烯量子點

第6章 奈米鑽石

  • 特性
  • 用途

第7章 其他2D材料

  • 黑磷/PHOSPHORENE
  • C2N
  • 氮化碳
  • Germanene
  • Germanene
  • Graphdiyne
  • Graphane
  • 六方晶系氮化硼
  • 硫化鉬 (MoS2)
  • 二硫化錸 (ReS2) 和二硒化錸 (ReSe2)
  • 矽烯 (Silicene)
  • Stanene / Tinene
  • 用途
  • 二硒化鎢

第8章 石墨烯與奈米碳管比較分析

  • 特性比較
  • 成本與生產
  • 奈米碳管和石墨烯的混合
  • 奈米碳管和石墨烯的競爭市場分析

第9章 奈米碳管的合成

  • 電弧放電
  • 化學氣相累積 (CVD)
  • 等離子化學氣相累積 (PECVD)
  • 高壓一氧化碳合成
  • 燃燒合成
  • 雷射消熔合成
  • 矽烷溶液

第10章 石墨烯的合成

  • 大面積石墨烯薄膜
  • 氧化石墨烯薄片和石墨烯奈米微片
  • 生產方法
  • 合成、生產:石墨烯的各類型
  • 石墨烯的生產方法相關贊成與否
  • 最新的合成方法
  • 合成方法:各企業

第11章 奈米碳管的市場結構

第12章 石墨烯的市場結構和商業化的未來

第13章 法規和標準規格

  • 歐洲
  • 美國
  • 亞洲

第14章 奈米碳管的專利

第15章 石墨烯的專利和公告

第16章 技術成熟度層級 (TRL)

  • 奈米碳管
  • 石墨烯
  • 奈米鑽石

第17章 奈米碳管的終端用戶市場區隔分析

  • 生產量
  • 生產業者的生產能力
  • 各地區的需求
  • 主要生產業者
  • 價格
  • 用途

第18章 石墨烯的終端用戶市場區隔分析

  • 生產量
  • 生產業者和生產能力

第19章 奈米鑽石的終端用戶市場區隔分析

  • 需求:各市場
  • 市場課題
  • 生產量
  • 生產量:各地區
  • 價格

第20章 黏劑

第21章 航太

第22章 汽車

第23章 生物醫學、醫療保健

第24章 塗料

第25章 複合材料

第26章 電子產品、光電

第27章 能源儲存、轉換、探勘

第28章 過濾、分離

第29章 潤滑油

第30章 感測器

第31章 紡織品、服裝

第32章 3D列印

第33章 奈米碳管的生產業者與產品開發業者

第34章 石墨烯的生產業者與產品開發業者

第35章 奈米鑽石的生產業者

第36章 參考資料

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目錄

This is a golden era for nanostructured carbon materials research. Graphitic carbon materials such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene are the strongest, lightest and most conductive fibres known to man, with a performance-per-weight greater than any other material. In direct competition in a number of markets, they are complementary in others.

Once the most promising of all nanomaterials, CNTs face stiff competition in conductive applications from graphene and other 2D materials and in mechanically enhanced composites from nanocellulose. However, after considerable research efforts, numerous multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs)-enhanced products are commercially available. Super-aligned CNT arrays, films and yarns have found applications in consumer electronics, batteries, polymer composites, aerospace, sensors, heaters, filters and biomedicine.

Large-scale industrial production of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) has been initiated, promising new market opportunities in transparent conductive films, transistors, sensors and memory devices. SWNTs are regarded as one of the most promising candidates to utilized as building blocks in next generation electronics.

Two-dimensional(2D) materials are currently one of the most active areas of nanomaterials research, and offer a huge opportunity for both fundamental studies and practical applications, including superfast, low-power, flexible and wearable electronics, sensors, photonics and electrochemical energy storage devices that will have an immense impact on our society.

Graphene is a ground-breaking two-dimensional (2D) material that possesses extraordinary electrical and mechanical properties that promise a new generation of innovative devices. New methods of scalable synthesis of high-quality graphene, clean delamination transfer and device integration have resulted in the commercialization of state-of-the-art electronics such as graphene touchscreens in smartphones and flexible RF devices on plastics.

Beyond graphene, emerging elementary 2D materials such as transition metal dichalcogenides, group V systems including phosphorene, and related isoelectronic structures will potentially allow for flexible electronics and field-effect transistors that exhibit ambipolar transport behaviour with either a direct band-gap or greater gate modulation.

Nanodiamonds (NDs), also called detonation diamonds (DND) or ultradispersed diamonds (UDD), are relatively easy and inexpensive to produce, and have moved towards large-scale commercialization due to their excellent mechanical, thermal properties and chemical stability. Based upon their primary particle sizes, they have been classified into:

  • nanocrystalline particles (1 to ≥150 nm)
  • ultrananocrystalline particles (2 to 10 nm)
  • diamondoids (1 to 2 nm).

Carbon nanotubes, graphene and 2D materials and nanodiamonds exhibit a unique combination of mechanical, thermal, electronic and optical properties that provide opportunities for new innovation in:

Electronics & photonics

  • Conductive electrode films for flexible displays.
  • Transparent conductive films for large area and high-efficiency organic light emitting diodes.
  • 2D printable and transparent ultrathin electronic devices.
  • 2D transistors and circuits.
  • RFID tags.
  • 2D magnetic semiconductors.
  • Conductive inks for wearable electronics.
  • 2d MOSFETs.
  • Inkjet-printed electronics.
  • Flexible Graphene FETs.
  • Flexible TMD FETs for digital logic and RF.
  • Graphene optical modulators.
  • Electrically conductive textiles
  • Interconnects.

Energy

  • Li-ion battery additives.
  • Aerogel anodes for LIBs.
  • Proton exchange fuel cell membranes.
  • Hydrogen fuel cells.
  • CNT cathodes fithium sulfur batteries.
  • Electrodes for supercapacitors.
  • Transparent electrodes in photovoltaic cells.
  • SiG anodes.
  • Thermal spreaders.
  • Catalysts for energy conversion.
  • Sustainable electrocatalysis and photocatalysis.
  • Nanofluids for heat dissipation.
  • Flexible electrodes for polymer solar cells.

Automotive

  • Tire additives for improved abrasion resistance.
  • Anti-scratch and anti-corrosion coatings.
  • Automotive composites.
  • Anti-fogging coatings.

Aerospace

  • De-icing coatings.
  • Electrically conductive composites.
  • EMI shielding coatings.
  • Anti-corrosion coatings.
  • Glass additives.
  • Shape memory alloys.
  • Protective glass.

Biomedicine and healthcare

  • Tissue engineering scaffols to facilitate cell growth and tissue regeneration.
  • Carriers for drug delivery.
  • Biosensor chips.
  • Brain electrodes.
  • Anti-bacterial materials.
  • Gene therapy.
  • Photodynamic therapy.
  • Cell imaging using carbon quantum dots.
  • Bone repair.
  • Glucose biosensors.
  • Wound management and anti-bacterial.
  • Graphene hydrogels for controlled delivery of drugs.
  • Porous carriers for drug delivery.
  • Carbon nanoonions as imaging probes.

Polymer composites

  • Nanocomposites for wind turbines.
  • Barrier packaging materials.
  • ESD and EMI shielding.
  • Sporting goods composites (e.g. bike tires).
  • Composites with improved conductive and thermal properties.
  • Nanocomposite yarns.
  • Adhesives and pads for thermal interface materials.
  • Shape memory.

Filtration

  • Gas separation membranes.
  • Photocatalytic absorbents.
  • Ultrathin, high-flux and energy-efficient sieving membranes.
  • Arsenic removal from water.
  • Water desalination.

Sensors

  • Electrochemical sensors.
  • DNA detection platforms.
  • Pressure sensors.
  • Optical sensors.
  • Humidity sensors.
  • Acoustic sensors.
  • Wireless sensors.

This 778 page report on the carbon nanotubes, graphene and 2D materials and nanodiamonds market is by far the most comprehensive and authoritative report produced.

  • Production volumes, estimated to 2025
  • Commercialization timelines and technology trends
  • Carbon nanotubes and graphene products, now and planned
  • Comparative analysis of carbon nanotubes and graphene
  • Assessment of carbon nanomaterials market including production volumes, competitive landscape, commercial prospects, applications, demand by market and region, commercialization timelines, prices and producer profiles.
  • Assessment of end user markets for carbon nanomaterials including market drivers and trends, applications, market opportunity, market challenges and application and product developer profiles.
  • Unique assessment tools for the carbon nanomaterials market, end user applications, economic impact, addressable markets and market challenges to provide the complete picture of where the real opportunities in carbon nanomaterials are.
  • Company profiles of carbon nanotubes, graphene, 2D materials and nanodiamonds producers and product developers, including products, target markets and contact details

Table of Contents

1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

  • 1.1 NANOMATERIALS MARKET RATING SYSTEM
  • 1.2 COMMERCIAL IMPACT RATING SYSTEM
  • 1.3 MARKET CHALLENGES RATING SYSTEM

2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • 2.1 CARBON NANOTUBES
    • 2.1.1 Exceptional properties
    • 2.1.2 Products and applications
    • 2.1.3 Threat from the graphene market
    • 2.1.4 Production
      • 2.1.4.1 Multi-walled nanotube (MWNT) production
      • 2.1.4.2 Single-walled nanotube (SWNT) production
    • 2.1.5 Global demand for carbon nanotubes
      • 2.1.5.1 Current products
      • 2.1.5.2 Future products
    • 2.1.6 Market drivers and trends
      • 2.1.6.1 Electronics
      • 2.1.6.2 Electric vehicles and lithium-ion batteries
    • 2.1.7 Market and production challenges
      • 2.1.7.1 Safety issues
      • 2.1.7.2 Dispersion
      • 2.1.7.3 Synthesis and supply quality
      • 2.1.7.4 Cost
      • 2.1.7.5 Competition from other materials
  • 2.2 Two-dimensional (2D) materials
  • 2.3 Graphene
    • 2.3.1 Products
    • 2.3.2 Short-term opportunities
    • 2.3.3 Medium-term opportunities
    • 2.3.4 Remarkable properties
    • 2.3.5 Global funding and initiatives
      • 2.3.5.1 Europe
      • 2.3.5.2 Asia
      • 2.3.5.3 United States
    • 2.3.6 Products and applications
    • 2.3.7 Production
    • 2.3.8 Market drivers and trends
      • 2.3.8.1 Production exceeds demand
      • 2.3.8.2 Market revenues remain small
      • 2.3.8.3 Scalability and cost
      • 2.3.8.4 Applications hitting the market
      • 2.3.8.5 Wait and see?
      • 2.3.8.6 Asia and US lead the race
      • 2.3.8.7 Competition from other materials
    • 2.3.9 Market and technical challenges
      • 2.3.9.1 Inconsistent supply quality
      • 2.3.9.2 Functionalization and dispersion
      • 2.3.9.3 Cost
      • 2.3.9.4 Product integration
      • 2.3.9.5 Regulation and standards
      • 2.3.9.6 Lack of a band gap

3 INTRODUCTION

  • 3.1 Properties of nanomaterials
  • 3.2 Categorization

4 CARBON NANOTUBES

  • 4.1 Multi-walled nanotubes (MWNT)
  • 4.2 Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT)
    • 4.2.1 Single-chirality
  • 4.3 Double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs)
  • 4.4 Few-walled carbon nanotubes (FWNTs)
  • 4.5 Carbon Nanohorns (CNHs)
  • 4.6 Carbon Onions
  • 4.7 Fullerenes
  • 4.8 Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs)
  • 4.9 Properties
  • 4.10 Applications of carbon nanotubes
    • 4.10.1 High volume applications
    • 4.10.2 Low volume applications
    • 4.10.3 Novel applications

5 GRAPHENE

  • 5.1 History
  • 5.2 Forms of graphene
  • 5.3 Properties
  • 5.4 3D Graphene
  • 5.5 Graphene Quantum Dots
    • 5.5.1 Synthesis
    • 5.5.2 Applications
    • 5.5.3 Producers

6 NANODIAMONDS

  • 6.1 Properties
  • 6.2 Applications

7 OTHER 2D MATERIALS

  • 7.1 Black phosphorus/Phosphorene
    • 7.1.1 Properties
    • 7.1.2 Applications
  • 7.2 C2N
    • 7.2.1 Properties
    • 7.2.2 Applications
  • 7.3 Carbon nitride
    • 7.3.1 Properties
    • 7.3.2 Applications
  • 7.4 Germanene
    • 7.4.1 Properties
    • 7.4.2 Applications
  • 7.5 Graphdiyne
    • 7.5.1 Properties
    • 7.5.2 Applications
  • 7.6 Graphane
    • 7.6.1 Properties
    • 7.6.2 Applications
  • 7.7 Hexagonal boron nitride
    • 7.7.1 Properties
    • 7.7.2 Applications
    • 7.7.3 Producers
  • 7.8 Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2)
    • 7.8.1 Properties
    • 7.8.2 Applications
  • 7.9 Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2)
    • 7.9.1 Properties
    • 7.9.2 Applications
  • 7.10 Silicene
    • 7.10.1 Properties
    • 7.10.2 Applications
  • 7.11 Stanene/tinene
    • 7.11.1 Properties
  • 7.12 Applications
  • 7.13 Tungsten diselenide
    • 7.13.1 Properties
    • 7.13.2 Applications

8 COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF GRAPHENE AND CARBON NANOTUBES

  • 8.1 Comparative properties
  • 8.2 Cost and production
  • 8.3 Carbon nanotube-graphene hybrids
  • 8.4 Competitive market analysis of carbon nanotubes and graphene

9 CARBON NANOTUBE SYNTHESIS

  • 9.1 Arc discharge synthesis
  • 9.2 Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)
  • 9.3 Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD)
  • 9.4 High-pressure carbon monoxide synthesis
    • 9.4.1 High Pressure CO (HiPco)
    • 9.4.2 CoMoCAT
  • 9.5 Flame synthesis
  • 9.6 Laser ablation synthesis
  • 9.7 Silane solution method

10 GRAPHENE SYNTHESIS

  • 10.1 Large area graphene films
  • 10.2 Graphene oxide flakes and graphene nanoplatelets
  • 10.3 Production methods
    • 10.3.1 Production directly from natural graphite ore
    • 10.3.2 Alternative starting materials
    • 10.3.3 Quality
  • 10.4 Synthesis and production by types of graphene
    • 10.4.1 Graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs)
    • 10.4.2 Graphene nanoribbons
    • 10.4.3 Large-area graphene films
    • 10.4.4 Graphene oxide flakes (GO)
  • 10.5 Pros and cons of graphene production methods
    • 10.5.1 Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)
    • 10.5.2 Exfoliation method
    • 10.5.3 Epitaxial growth method
    • 10.5.4 Wet chemistry method (liquid phase exfoliation)
    • 10.5.5 Micromechanical cleavage method
    • 10.5.6 Green reduction of graphene oxide
    • 10.5.7 Plasma
  • 10.6 Recent synthesis methods
    • 10.6.1 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) and University of Western Australia 166
    • 10.6.2 Graphene Frontiers
    • 10.6.3 MIT and the University of Michigan
    • 10.6.4 Oak Ridge National Laboratory/University of Texas/General Graphene
    • 10.6.5 University of Florida/Donghua University
    • 10.6.6 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) and Case Western Reserve University
    • 10.6.7 Trinity College Dublin
    • 10.6.8 Sungkyunkwan University and Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology (SAIT)
    • 10.6.9 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), Chonbuk National University and KRICT
    • 10.6.10 NanoXplore
    • 10.6.11 Carbon Sciences Inc
    • 10.6.12 California Institute of Technology
    • 10.6.13 Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology
    • 10.6.14 Oxford University
    • 10.6.15 University of Tokyo
  • 10.7 Synthesis methods by company

11 CARBON NANOTUBES MARKET STRUCTURE

12 GRAPHENE MARKET STRUCTURE AND ROUTES TO COMMERCIALIZATION

13 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS

  • 13.1 Europe
    • 13.1.1 REACH
    • 13.1.2 Biocidal Products Regulation
    • 13.1.3 National nanomaterials registers
    • 13.1.4 Cosmetics regulation
    • 13.1.5 Food safety
  • 13.2 United States
    • 13.2.1 Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)
  • 13.3 Asia
    • 13.3.1 Japan
    • 13.3.2 South Korea
    • 13.3.3 Taiwan
    • 13.3.4 Australia

14 CARBON NANOTUBES PATENTS

15 GRAPHENE PATENTS AND PUBLICATIONS

  • 15.1 Fabrication processes
  • 15.2 Academia
  • 15.3 Regional leaders

16 TECHNOLOGY READINESS LEVEL

  • 16.1 Carbon nanotubes
  • 16.2 Graphene
  • 16.3 Nanodiamonds

17 CARBON NANOTUBES END USER MARKET SEGMENT ANALYSIS

  • 17.1 Production volumes in metric tons, 2010-2025
  • 17.2 Carbon nanotube producer production capacities
  • 17.3 Regional demand for carbon nanotubes
    • 17.3.1 Japan
    • 17.3.2 China
  • 17.4 Main carbon nanotubes producers
    • 17.4.1 SWNT production
      • 17.4.1.1 OCSiAl
      • 17.4.1.2 FGV Cambridge Nanosystems
      • 17.4.1.3 Zeon Corporation
  • 17.5 Price of carbon nanotubes-MWNTs, SWNTs and FWNTs
    • 17.5.1 MWNTs
    • 17.5.2 SWNTs
  • 17.6 APPLICATIONS

18 GRAPHENE END USER MARKET SEGMENT ANALYSIS

  • 18.1 Graphene production volumes 2010-2025
  • 18.2 Graphene producers and production capacities

19 NANODIAMONDS END USER SEGMENT ANALYSIS

  • 19.1 Demand by market
  • 19.2 Market challenges
  • 19.3 Production volumes in tons, 2010-2025
  • 19.4 Production volumes, by region
  • 19.5 Prices

20 ADHESIVES

  • 20.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
    • 20.1.1 Thermal management in high temperature electronics
    • 20.1.2 Environmental sustainability
  • 20.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
  • 20.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
    • 20.3.1 Total market size
    • 20.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
  • 20.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
  • 20.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
    • 20.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
    • 20.5.2 Graphene

21 AEROSPACE

  • 21.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
    • 21.1.1 Safety
    • 21.1.2 Reduced fuel consumption and costs
    • 21.1.3 Increased durability
    • 21.1.4 Multi-functionality
    • 21.1.5 Need for new de-icing solutions
    • 21.1.6 Weight reduction
    • 21.1.7 Need for improved lightning protection materials
  • 21.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
    • 21.2.1 Composites
      • 1.1.1.1 ESD protection
      • 21.2.1.1 Conductive cables
      • 21.2.1.2 Anti-friction braking systems
    • 21.2.2 Coatings
      • 21.2.2.1 Anti-icing
    • 21.2.3 Sensors
  • 21.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
    • 21.3.1 Total market size
    • 21.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
  • 21.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
  • 21.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
    • 21.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
    • 21.5.2 Graphene

22 AUTOMOTIVE

  • 22.1 MARKET DRIVER AND TRENDS
    • 22.1.1 Environmental regulations
    • 22.1.2 Lightweighting
    • 22.1.3 Increasing use of natural fiber composites
    • 22.1.4 Safety
    • 22.1.5 Cost
    • 22.1.6 Need for enhanced conductivity in fuel components
    • 22.1.7 Increase in the use of touch-based automotive applications
  • 22.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
    • 22.2.1 Composites
    • 22.2.2 Thermally conductive additives
    • 22.2.3 Vehicle mass reduction
    • 22.2.4 Lithium-ion batteries in electric and hybrid vehicles
    • 22.2.5 Paints and coatings
  • 22.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
    • 22.3.1 Composites
      • 22.3.1.1 Total market size
      • 22.3.1.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
    • 22.3.2 Coatings
      • 22.3.2.1 Total market size
      • 22.3.2.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
    • 22.3.3 MARKET CHALLENGES
  • 22.4 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
    • 22.4.1 Carbon nanotubes
    • 22.4.2 Graphene

23 BIOMEDICAL & HEALTHCARE

  • 23.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
    • 23.1.1 Improved drug delivery for cancer therapy
    • 23.1.2 Shortcomings of chemotherapies
    • 23.1.3 Biocompatibility of medical implants
    • 23.1.4 Anti-biotic resistance
    • 23.1.5 Growth in advanced woundcare market
    • 23.1.6 Growth in the wearable monitoring market
    • 23.1.7 Cancer therapy
      • 23.1.7.1 Immunotherapy
      • 23.1.7.2 Thermal ablation
      • 23.1.7.3 Stem cell therapy
      • 23.1.7.4 Graphene oxide for therapy and drug delivery
      • 23.1.7.5 Graphene nanosheets
      • 23.1.7.6 Gene delivery
      • 23.1.7.7 Photodynamic Therapy
    • 23.1.8 Medical implants and devices
    • 23.1.9 Wound dressings
    • 23.1.10 Biosensors
      • 23.1.10.1 FRET biosensors for DNA detection
    • 23.1.11 Medical imaging
    • 23.1.12 Tissue engineering
    • 23.1.13 Dental
    • 23.1.14 Electrophysiology
  • 23.2 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
  • 23.3 CHALLENGES
    • 23.3.1 Potential toxicity
    • 23.3.2 Safety
    • 23.3.3 Dispersion
  • 23.4 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
    • 23.4.1 Carbon nanotubes
    • 23.4.2 Graphene

24 COATINGS

  • 24.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
    • 24.1.1 New functionalities and improved properties
    • 24.1.2 Need for more effective protection
    • 24.1.3 Sustainability and regulation
    • 24.1.4 Cost of corrosion
    • 24.1.5 Need for improved hygiene
    • 24.1.6 Cost of weather-related damage
    • 24.1.7 Increased demand for coatings for extreme environments
  • 24.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
    • 24.2.1 Anti-static coatings
    • 24.2.2 Anti-corrosion coatings
      • 24.2.2.1 Marine
      • 24.2.2.2 Oil and gas
  • 24.3 Anti-microbial
    • 24.3.1 Anti-icing
    • 24.3.2 Barrier coatings
    • 24.3.3 Heat protection
    • 24.3.4 Anti-fouling
    • 24.3.5 Wear and abrasion resistance
    • 24.3.6 Smart windows
  • 24.4 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
  • 24.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
    • 24.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
    • 24.5.2 Graphene

25 COMPOSITES

  • 25.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
    • 25.1.1 Growing use of polymer composites
    • 25.1.2 Increased need for advanced, protective materials
    • 25.1.3 Improved performance over traditional composites
    • 25.1.4 Multi-functionality
    • 25.1.5 Growth in use in the wind energy market
    • 25.1.6 Need for new flame retardant materials
    • 25.1.7 Environmental impact of carbon fibers
    • 25.1.8 Shortcomings of natural fiber composites and glass fiber reinforced composites
  • 25.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
    • 25.2.1 Polymer composites
    • 25.2.2 Barrier packaging
    • 25.2.3 Electrostatic discharge (ESD) and electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding
    • 25.2.4 Wind turbines
    • 25.2.5 Ballistic protection
    • 25.2.6 Cement additives
    • 25.2.7 Sporting goods
    • 25.2.8 Wire and cable
    • 25.2.9 Thermal management
    • 25.2.10 Rubber and elastomers
  • 25.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
    • 25.3.1 Total market size
    • 25.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
  • 25.4 CHALLENGES
    • 25.4.1 MARKET CHALLENGES
  • 25.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
    • 25.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
    • 25.5.2 Graphene

26 ELECTRONICS AND PHOTONICS

  • 26.1 Carbon nanotubes in electronics
  • 26.2 Graphene and 2D materials in electronics
    • 26.2.1 Properties
    • 26.2.2 Applications
  • 26.3 FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS, CONDUCTIVE FILMS AND DISPLAYS
    • 26.3.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 26.3.1.1 ITO replacement for flexible electronics
    • 26.3.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 26.3.2.1 Transparent electrodes in flexible electronics
      • 26.3.2.2 Electronic paper
    • 26.3.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
      • 26.3.3.1 Touch panel and ITO replacement
    • 26.3.4 CHALLENGES
      • 26.3.4.1 Competing materials
      • 26.3.4.2 Cost in comparison to ITO
      • 26.3.4.3 Fabricating SWNT devices
      • 26.3.4.4 Problems with transfer and growth
      • 26.3.4.5 Improving sheet resistance
      • 26.3.4.6 Difficulties in display panel integration
    • 26.3.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
      • 26.3.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
      • 26.3.5.2 Graphene
  • 26.4 CONDUCTIVE INKS
    • 26.4.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 26.4.1.1 Increased demand for printed electronics
      • 26.4.1.2 Limitations of existing conductive inks
      • 26.4.1.3 Growth in the 3D printing market
      • 26.4.1.4 Growth in the printed sensors market
    • 26.4.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 26.4.2.1 Carbon nanotubes
      • 26.4.2.2 Graphene
    • 26.4.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
      • 26.4.3.1 Total market size
      • 26.4.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
    • 26.4.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
    • 26.4.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
      • 26.4.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
      • 26.4.5.2 Graphene
  • 26.5 TRANSISTORS AND INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
    • 26.5.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 26.5.1.1 Scaling
      • 26.5.1.2 Limitations of current materials
      • 26.5.1.3 Limitations of copper as interconnect materials
      • 26.5.1.4 Need to improve bonding technology
      • 26.5.1.5 Need to improve thermal properties
    • 26.5.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 26.5.2.1 Carbon nanotubes
      • 26.5.2.2 Graphene
      • 26.5.2.3 Graphene Radio Frequency (RF) circuits
      • 26.5.2.4 Graphene spintronics
    • 26.5.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
    • 26.5.4 CHALLENGES
      • 26.5.4.1 Device complexity
      • 26.5.4.2 Competition from other materials
      • 26.5.4.3 Lack of band gap
      • 26.5.4.4 Transfer and integration
    • 26.5.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
      • 26.5.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
      • 26.5.5.2 Graphene
  • 26.6 MEMORY DEVICES
    • 26.6.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 26.6.1.1 Density and voltage scaling
      • 26.6.1.2 Growth in the smartphone and tablet markets
      • 26.6.1.3 Growth in the flexible electronics market
    • 26.6.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 26.6.2.1 Carbon nanotubes
      • 26.6.2.2 Graphene
    • 26.6.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
      • 26.6.3.1 Total market size
    • 26.6.4 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
      • 26.6.4.1 Carbon nanotubes
      • 26.6.4.2 Graphene
  • 26.7 PHOTONICS
    • 26.7.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 26.7.1.1 Increased bandwidth at reduced cost
      • 26.7.1.2 Increasing sensitivity of photodetectors
    • 26.7.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 26.7.2.1 Si photonics versus graphene
      • 26.7.2.2 Optical modulators
      • 26.7.2.3 Photodetectors
      • 26.7.2.4 Plasmonics
      • 26.7.2.5 Fiber lasers
    • 26.7.3 CHALLENGES
      • 26.7.3.1 Need to design devices that harness graphene's properties
      • 26.7.3.2 Problems with transfer
      • 26.7.3.3 THz absorbance and nonlinearity
      • 26.7.3.4 Stability and sensitivity
    • 26.7.4 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
      • 26.7.4.1 Total market size
      • 26.7.4.2 Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity
    • 26.7.5 MARKET CHALLENGES
    • 26.7.6 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS

27 ENERGY STORAGE, CONVERSION AND EXPLORATION

  • 27.1 BATTERIES
    • 27.1.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 27.1.1.1 Growth in personal electronics, electric vehicles and smart grids markets
      • 27.1.1.2 Reduce dependence on lithium
      • 27.1.1.3 Shortcomings of existing battery and supercapacitor technology
      • 27.1.1.4 Reduced costs for widespread application
      • 27.1.1.5 Power sources for flexible electronics
    • 27.1.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 27.1.2.1 Li-ion batteries (LIB)
      • 27.1.2.2 Lithium-air batteries
      • 27.1.2.3 Sodium-ion batteries
    • 27.1.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
      • 27.1.3.1 Total market size
      • 27.1.3.2 Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity
      • 27.1.4 CHALLENGES
    • 27.1.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
  • 27.2 SUPERCAPACITORS
    • 27.2.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 27.2.1.1 Reducing costs
      • 27.2.1.2 Demand from portable electronics
      • 27.2.1.3 Inefficiencies of standard battery technology
      • 27.2.1.4 Problems with activated carbon
    • 27.2.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 27.2.2.1 Carbon nanotubes
      • 27.2.2.2 Graphene
      • 27.2.2.3 Graphene/CNT hybrids
    • 27.2.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
      • 27.2.3.1 Total market size
      • 27.2.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
    • 27.2.4 CHALLENGES
      • 27.2.4.1 Low energy storage capacity of graphene
    • 27.2.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
  • 27.3 PHOTOVOLTAICS
    • 27.3.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 27.3.1.1 Need for new materials and novel devices
      • 27.3.1.2 Need for cost-effective solar energy for wider adoptions
      • 1.1.1.2 Varying environmental conditions require new coating technology
    • 27.3.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 27.3.2.1 Solar cells
      • 27.3.2.2 Solar coatings
    • 27.3.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
      • 27.3.3.1 Total market size
      • 27.3.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
    • 27.3.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
    • 27.3.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
  • 27.4 FUEL CELLS AND HYDROGEN STORAGE
    • 27.4.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 27.4.1.1 Need for alternative energy sources
      • 27.4.1.2 Demand from transportation and portable and stationary power sectors
      • 27.4.1.3 Temperature problems with current fuel cell technology
      • 27.4.1.4 Reducing corrosion problems
      • 27.4.1.5 Limitations of platinum
      • 27.4.1.6 Reducing cost and increasing reliability of current fuel cell technology
    • 27.4.2 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
    • 27.4.3 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 27.4.3.1 Fuel cells
      • 27.4.3.2 Hydrogen storage
    • 27.4.4 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
      • 27.4.4.1 Total market size
      • 27.4.4.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
    • 27.4.5 CHALLENGES
  • 27.5 LED LIGHTING AND UVC
    • 27.5.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 27.5.1.1 Need to develop low-cost lighting
      • 27.5.1.2 Environmental regulation
      • 27.5.1.3 Limited efficiency of phosphors in LEDs
      • 27.5.1.4 Shortcomings with LED lighting technologies
      • 27.5.1.5 Improving flexibility
      • 27.5.1.6 Improving performance and costs of UV-LEDs
    • 27.5.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
    • 27.5.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
      • 27.5.3.1 Total market size
      • 27.5.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
    • 27.5.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
      • 1.1.2 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
  • 27.6 OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION
    • 27.6.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 27.6.1.1 Need to reduce operating costs and improve operation efficiency
      • 27.6.1.2 Increased demands of drilling environments
      • 1.1.2.1 Increased exploration in extreme environments
      • 1.1.2.2 Environmental and regulatory
      • 1.1.3 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 1.1.3.1 Sensing and reservoir management
      • 27.6.1.3 Coatings
      • 27.6.1.4 Drilling fluids
      • 27.6.1.5 Sorbent materials
      • 27.6.1.6 Separation
    • 27.6.2 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
      • 27.6.2.1 Total market size
      • 27.6.2.2 Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity
  • 27.7 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
    • 27.7.1 Carbon nanotubes
    • 27.7.2 Graphene

28 FILTRATION AND SEPARATION

  • 28.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
    • 28.1.1 Water shortage and population growth
    • 28.1.2 Need for improved and low cost membrane technology
    • 28.1.3 Need for improved groundwater treatment technologies
    • 28.1.4 Cost and efficiency
    • 28.1.5 Growth in the air filter market
    • 28.1.6 Need for environmentally, safe filters
  • 28.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICTIONS
    • 28.2.1.1 Desalination and water filtration
    • 28.2.1.2 Gas separation
  • 28.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
    • 28.3.1.1 Total market size
    • 28.3.1.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
  • 28.4 CHALLENGES
    • 28.4.1.1 Uniform pore size and distribution
    • 28.4.1.2 Cost
  • 28.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
    • 28.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
    • 28.5.2 Graphene

29 LUBRICANTS

  • 29.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
    • 29.1.1 Need for new additives that provide "more for less"
    • 29.1.2 Need for higher-performing lubricants for fuel efficiency
    • 29.1.3 Environmental concerns
  • 29.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
  • 29.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
    • 29.3.1 Total market size
    • 29.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
  • 29.4 CHALLENGES
  • 29.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
    • 29.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
    • 29.5.2 Graphene

30 SENSORS

  • 30.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
    • 30.1.1 Increased power and performance with reduced cost
    • 30.1.2 Enhanced sensitivity
    • 30.1.3 Replacing silver electrodes
    • 30.1.4 Growth in the home diagnostics and point of care market
    • 30.1.5 Improved thermal stability
  • 30.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
    • 30.2.1 Gas sensors
    • 30.2.2 Strain sensors
    • 30.2.3 Biosensors
    • 30.2.4 Food sensors
    • 30.2.5 Infrared (IR) sensors
    • 30.2.6 Optical sensors
    • 30.2.7 Pressure sensors
    • 30.2.8 Humidity sensors
    • 30.2.9 Acoustic sensors
    • 30.2.10 Wireless sensors
  • 30.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
    • 30.3.1 Total market size
    • 30.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
  • 30.4 Challenges
  • 30.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
    • 30.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
    • 30.5.2 Graphene

31 TEXTILES AND APPAREL

  • 31.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
    • 31.1.1 Growth in the wearable electronics market
    • 31.1.2 Growth in remote health monitoring and diagnostics
  • 31.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATONS
    • 31.2.1 Protective textiles
    • 31.2.2 Electronic textiles
  • 31.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
    • 31.3.1.1 Protective textiles
    • 31.3.1.2 Electronic textiles
  • 31.4 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
    • 31.4.1 Carbon nanotubes
    • 31.4.2 Graphene

32 3D PRINTING

  • 32.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
    • 32.1.1 Improved materials at lower cost
    • 32.1.2 Limitations of current thermoplastics
  • 32.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
  • 32.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
    • 32.3.1 Total market size
    • 32.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
  • 32.4 CHALLENGES
  • 32.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
    • 32.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
    • 32.5.2 Graphene

33 CARBON NANOTUBES PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. (181 company profiles)

34 GRAPHENE PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS (187 company profiles)

35 NANODIAMONDS PRODUCERS (13 company profiles)

36 REFERENCES

TABLES

  • Table 1: Nanomaterials scorecard for carbon nanotubes
  • Table 2: Market summary for carbon nanotubes-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications
  • Table 3: Properties of CNTs and comparable materials
  • Table 4: Annual production capacity of MWNT and SWNT producers
  • Table 5: SWNT producers production capacities 2015
  • Table 6: Global production of carbon nanotubes, 2010-2025 in tons/year Base year for projections is 2014
  • Table 7: Consumer products incorporating graphene
  • Table 8: Graphene target markets-Applications potential addressable market size
  • Table 9: Graphene producers annual production capacities
  • Table 10: Global production of graphene, 2010-2025 in tons/year Base year for projections is 2014
  • Table 11: Graphene types and cost per kg
  • Table 12: Categorization of nanomaterials
  • Table 13: Comparison between single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes
  • Table 14: Properties of carbon nanotubes
  • Table 15: Properties of graphene
  • Table 16: Graphene quantum dot producers
  • Table 17: Markets, benefits and applications of nanodiamonds
  • Table 18: Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene and MoS2
  • Table 19: Markets and applications of phosphorene
  • Table 20: Markets and applications of C2N
  • Table 21: Markets and applications of hexagonal boron-nitride
  • Table 22: Markets and applications of graphdiyne
  • Table 23: Markets and applications of graphane
  • Table 24: Markets and applications of hexagonal boron-nitride
  • Table 25: Markets and applications of MoS2
  • Table 26: Markets and applications of Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2)
  • Table 27: Markets and applications of silicene
  • Table 28: Markets and applications of stanene/tinene
  • Table 29: Markets and applications of tungsten diselenide
  • Table 30: Comparative properties of carbon materials
  • Table 31: Comparative properties of graphene with nanoclays and carbon nanotubes
  • Table 32: Competitive analysis of Carbon nanotubes and graphene by application area and potential impact by 2025
  • Table 33: SWNT synthesis methods
  • Table 34: Large area graphene films-Markets, applications and current global market
  • Table 35: Graphene oxide flakes/graphene nanoplatelets-Markets, applications and current global market
  • Table 36: Main production methods for graphene
  • Table 37: Graphene synthesis methods, by company
  • Table 38: Carbon nanotubes market structure
  • Table 39: Graphene market structure
  • Table 40: National nanomaterials registries in Europe
  • Table 41: Nanomaterials regulatory bodies in Australia
  • Table 42: Top ten countries based on number of nanotechnology patents in USPTO 2014-2015
  • Table 43: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2014
  • Table 44: Leading graphene patentees
  • Table 45: Industrial graphene patents in 2014
  • Table 46: Production volumes of carbon nanotubes (tons), 2010-2025
  • Table 47: Annual production capacity of MWNT producers
  • Table 48: SWNT producers production capacities 2015
  • Table 49: Example carbon nanotubes prices
  • Table 50: Markets, benefits and applications of Carbon Nanotubes
  • Table 51: Potential market penetration and volume estimates (tons) for graphene in key applications
  • Table 52: Global production of graphene, 2010-2025 in tons/year Base year for projections is 2014
  • Table 53: Graphene producers and production capacity (Current and projected), prices and target markets
  • Table 54: Production volumes of nanodiamonds (tons), 2010-2025
  • Table 55: Example prices of nanodiamonds
  • Table 56: Graphene properties relevant to application in adhesives
  • Table 57: Applications in adhesives, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 58: Carbon nanomaterials in the adhesives market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 59: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the adhesives market
  • Table 60: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the adhesives industry
  • Table 61: Graphene product and application developers in the adhesives industry
  • Table 62: Applications in aerospace composites, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 63: Applications in aerospace coatings, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 64: Carbon nanomaterials in the aerospace market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 65: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the aerospace market
  • Table 66: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the aerospace industry
  • Table 67: Graphene product and application developers in the aerospace industry
  • Table 68: Applications of natural fiber composites in vehicles by manufacturers
  • Table 69: Applications in automotive composites, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 70: Nanocoatings applied in the automotive industry
  • Table 71: Application markets, competing materials, nanomaterials advantages and current market size in the automotive sector
  • Table 72: Carbon nanomaterials in the automotive market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 73: Applications and commercilization challenges in the automotive market
  • Table 74: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the automotive market
  • Table 75: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the automotive industry
  • Table 76: Graphene product and application developers in the automotive industry
  • Table 77: CNTs in life sciences and biomedicine
  • Table 78: Graphene properties relevant to application in biomedicine and healthcare
  • Table 79: Carbon nanomaterials in the biomedical & healthcare markets-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 80: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the medical and healthcare industry
  • Table 81: Graphene product and application developers in the biomedical and healthcare industry
  • Table 82: Properties of nanocoatings
  • Table 83: Graphene properties relevant to application in coatings
  • Table 84: Markets for nanocoatings
  • Table 85: Carbon nanotubes in the coatings market-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size
  • Table 86: Graphene and 2D materials in the coatings market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 87: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the coatings industry
  • Table 88: Graphene product and application developers in the coatings industry
  • Table 89: Graphene properties relevant to application in polymer composites
  • Table 90: Applications in polymer composites, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 91: Applications in ESD and EMI shielding composites, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 92: Applications in thermal management composites, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 93: Applications in rubber and elastomers, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 94: Potential addressable market size for carbon nanomaterials composites in tons
  • Table 95: Carbon nanomaterials in the composites market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 96: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the composites market
  • Table 97: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the composites industry
  • Table 98: Graphene product and application developers in the composites industry
  • Table 99: Comparison of ITO replacements
  • Table 100: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the flexible electronics, conductive films and displays market
  • Table 101: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in transparent conductive films and displays
  • Table 102: Graphene product and application developers in in flexible electronics, flexible conductive films and displays
  • Table 103: Comparative properties of conductive inks
  • Table 104: Applications in conductive inks by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 105: Opportunities for nanomaterials in printed electronics
  • Table 106: Nanomaterials in the conductive inks market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 107: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the conductive inks market
  • Table 108: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in conductive inks
  • Table 109: Graphene product and application developers in conductive inks
  • Table 110: Comparison of Cu, CNTs and graphene as interconnect materials
  • Table 111: Applications in transistors, integrated circuits and other components, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 112: Carbon nanomaterials in the transistors, integrated circuits and other components market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 113: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the transistors, integrated circuits and other components market
  • Table 114: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in integrated circuits, transistors and other components
  • Table 115: Graphene product and application developers in transistors and integrated circuits
  • Table 116: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the memory devices market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 117: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in memory devices
  • Table 118: Graphene product and application developers in memory devices
  • Table 119: Applications in photonics, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 120: Graphene properties relevant to application in optical modulators
  • Table 121: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the photonics market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 122: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the photonics market
  • Table 123: Graphene product and application developers in photonics
  • Table 124: Applications in LIB, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 125: Applications in lithium-air batteries, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 126: Applications in sodium-ion batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 127: Carbon nanomaterials opportunity in the batteries market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 128: Market challenges in batteries
  • Table 129: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the batteries market
  • Table 130: Carbon nanomaterials application and product developers in batteries
  • Table 131: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries
  • Table 132: Properties of carbon materials in high-performance supercapacitors
  • Table 133: Carbon nanomaterials in the supercapacitors market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 134: Carbon nanomaterials application developers in supercapacitors
  • Table 135: Applications in solar, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 136: Applications in solar coatings, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 137: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the solar market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 138: Market challenges for nanomaterials in solar
  • Table 139: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the solar market
  • Table 140: Carbon nanomaterials application developers in solar
  • Table 141: Carbon nanonomaterials application and product developers in fuel cells and hydrogen storage
  • Table 142: Applications in fuel cells, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 143: Applications hydrogen storage, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 144: Carbon nanomaterials in the fuel cells and hydrogen storage market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 145: Applications in lighting, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 146: Carbon nanomaterials in the lighting and UVC market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 147: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the lighting and UVC market
  • Table 148: Carbon nanomaterials application developers in lighting
  • Table 149: Applications in sensing and reservoir management, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 150: Applications in oil & gas exploration coatings, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 151: Applications in oil & gas exploration drilling fluids, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 152: Applications in oil & gas exploration sorbent materials, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 153: Applications in separation, by carbon anomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 154: Carbon nanomaterials in the oil and gas market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 155: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the energy industry
  • Table 156: Graphene product and application developers in the energy industry
  • Table 157: Types of filtration
  • Table 158: Applications in desalination and water filtration, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 159: Applications in gas separation, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 160: Application markets, competing materials and current market size in filtration
  • Table 161: Graphene and 2D materials in the filtration and separation market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 162: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the filtration and environmental remediation market
  • Table 163: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the filtration industry
  • Table 164: Graphene product and application developers in the filtration industry
  • Table 165: Applications in lubricants, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 166: Applications of carbon nanomaterials in lubricants
  • Table 167: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in lubricants market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 168: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the lubricants market
  • Table 169: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the lubricants industry
  • Table 170: Graphene product and application developers in the lubricants industry
  • Table 171: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors
  • Table 172: Applications in strain sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 173: Applications in strain sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 174: Applications in biosensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 175: Applications in food sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 176: Applications in infrared (IR) sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 177: Applications in optical sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 178: Applications in pressure sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 179: Applications in humidity sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 180: Applications in acoustic sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 181: Applications in wireless sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 182: Carbon nanomaterials in the sensors market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 183: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the sensors market
  • Table 184: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the sensors industry
  • Table 185: Graphene product and application developers in the sensors industry
  • Table 186: Desirable functional properties for the textiles industry afforded by the use of nanomaterials
  • Table 187: Applications in textiles, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
  • Table 188: Nanocoatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications
  • Table 189: Carbon nanomaterials in the textiles market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 190: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the textiles industry
  • Table 191: Graphene product and application developers in the textiles industry
  • Table 192: Graphene properties relevant to application in 3D printing
  • Table 193: Carbon nanomaterials in the 3D printing market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 194: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the textiles and apparel market
  • Table 195: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the 3D printing industry
  • Table 196: Graphene product and application developers in the 3D printing industry
  • Table 197: CNT producers and companies they supply/licence to
  • Table 198: Graphene producers and types produced
  • Table 199: Graphene industrial collaborations and target markets

FIGURES

  • Figure 1: Molecular structures of SWNT and MWNT
  • Figure 2: Production capacities for SWNTs in kilograms, 2005-2014
  • Figure 3: Demand for graphene, by market, 2015
  • Figure 4: Demand for graphene, by market, 2015
  • Figure 5: Global government funding for graphene in millions USD
  • Figure 6: Global market for graphene 2010-2025 in tons/year
  • Figure 7: Global consumption of graphene 2015, by region
  • Figure 8: Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube
  • Figure 9: Double-walled carbon nanotube bundle cross-section micrograph and model
  • Figure 10: Schematic representation of carbon nanohorns
  • Figure 11: TEM image of carbon onion
  • Figure 12: Fullerene schematic
  • Figure 13: Schematic of Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) Alternating B and N atoms are shown in blue and red
  • Figure 14: Graphene layer structure schematic
  • Figure 15: Graphite and graphene
  • Figure 16: Graphene and its descendants: top right: graphene; top left: graphite = stacked graphene; bottom right: nanotube=rolled graphene; bottom left: fullerene=wrapped graphene
  • Figure 17: Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1-4).
  • Figure 18: Graphene quantum dots
  • Figure 19: Black phosphorus structure
  • Figure 20: Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal
  • Figure 21: Schematic of germanene
  • Figure 22: Graphdiyne structure
  • Figure 23: Schematic of Graphane crystal
  • Figure 24: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride
  • Figure 25: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide
  • Figure 26: Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor
  • Figure 27: Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge
  • Figure 28: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulphide
  • Figure 29: Silicene structure
  • Figure 30: Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate
  • Figure 31: Silicene transistor
  • Figure 32: Crystal structure for stanene
  • Figure 33: Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111)
  • Figure 34: Schematic of tungsten diselenide
  • Figure 35: Graphene can be rolled up into a carbon nanotube, wrapped into a fullerene, and stacked into graphite
  • Figure 36: Schematic representation of methods used for carbon nanotube synthesis (a) Arc discharge (b) Chemical vapor deposition (c) Laser ablation (d) hydrocarbon flames
  • Figure 37: Arc discharge process for CNTs
  • Figure 38: Schematic of thermal-CVD method
  • Figure 39: Schematic of plasma-CVD method
  • Figure 40: CoMoCAT® process
  • Figure 41: Schematic for flame synthesis of carbon nanotubes (a) premixed flame (b) counter-flow diffusion flame (c) co-flow diffusion flame (d) inverse diffusion flame
  • Figure 42: Schematic of laser ablation synthesis
  • Figure 43: Graphene synthesis methods
  • Figure 44: TEM micrographs of: A) HR-CNFs; B) GANF® HR-CNF, it can be observed its high graphitic structure; C) Unraveled ribbon from the HR-CNF; D) Detail of the ribbon; E) Scheme of the structure of the HR-CNFs; F) Large single graphene oxide sheets derived from GANF
  • Figure 45: Graphene nanoribbons grown on germanium
  • Figure 46: Methods of synthesizing high-quality graphene
  • Figure 47: Roll-to-roll graphene production process
  • Figure 48: Schematic of roll-to-roll manufacturing process
  • Figure 49: Microwave irradiation of graphite to produce single-layer graphene
  • Figure 50: Schematic of typical commercialization route for graphene producer
  • Figure 51: Nanotechnology patent applications, 1991-2015
  • Figure 52: Share of nanotechnology related patent applications since 1972, by country
  • Figure 53: CNT patents filed 2000-2014
  • Figure 54: Patent distribution of CNT application areas to 2014
  • Figure 55: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2014
  • Figure 56: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Carbon Nanotubes
  • Figure 57: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for graphene
  • Figure 58: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanodiamonds
  • Figure 59: Production volumes of carbon nanotubes (tons), 2010-2025
  • Figure 60: Production capacities for SWNTs in kilograms, 2005-2014
  • Figure 61: Demand for carbon nanotubes, by market
  • Figure 62: Production volumes of Carbon Nanotubes 2015, by region
  • Figure 63: Regional demand for CNTs utilized in batteries
  • Figure 64: Regional demand for CNTs utilized in Polymer reinforcement
  • Figure 65: Global market for graphene 2010-2025 in tons/year
  • Figure 66: Demand for nanodiamonds, by market
  • Figure 67: Production volumes of nanodiamonds, 2010-2025
  • Figure 68: Production volumes of nanodiamonds 2015, by region
  • Figure 69: Nanomaterials-based automotive components
  • Figure 70: The Tesla S's touchscreen interface
  • Figure 71: Graphene Frontiers' Six™ chemical sensors consists of a field effect transistor (FET) with a graphene channel Receptor molecules, such as DNA, are attached directly to the graphene channel
  • Figure 72: Graphene-Oxide based chip prototypes for biopsy-free early cancer diagnosis
  • Figure 73: Heat transfer coating developed at MIT
  • Figure 74: Water permeation through a brick without (left) and with (right) "graphene paint" coating
  • Figure 75: Four layers of graphene oxide coatings on polycarbonate
  • Figure 76: Global Paints and Coatings Market, share by end user market
  • Figure 77: Graphene electrochromic devices Top left: Exploded-view illustration of the graphene electrochromic device The device is formed by attaching two graphene-coated PVC substrates face-to-face and filling the gap with a liquid ionic electrolyte
  • Figure 78: Flexible transistor sheet
  • Figure 79: Foldable graphene E-paper
  • Figure 80: Global touch panel market ($ million), 2011-2018
  • Figure 81: Capacitive touch panel market forecast by layer structure (Ksqm)
  • Figure 82: Global transparent conductive film market forecast (million $)
  • Figure 83: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2015, %
  • Figure 84: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2020, %
  • Figure 85: Global market for smart wearables (Millions US$)
  • Figure 86: Schematic of the wet roll-to-roll graphene transfer from copper foils to polymeric substrates
  • Figure 87: The transmittance of glass/ITO, glass/ITO/four organic layers, and glass/ITO/four organic layers/4-layer graphene
  • Figure 88: Nanotube inks
  • Figure 89: Graphene printed antenna
  • Figure 90: BGT Materials graphene ink product
  • Figure 91: Global market for conductive inks and pastes in printed electronics
  • Figure 92: Transistor architecture trend chart
  • Figure 93: Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right)
  • Figure 94: CMOS Technology Roadmap
  • Figure 95: Figure 38: Thin film transistor incorporating CNTs
  • Figure 96: Graphene IC in wafer tester
  • Figure 97: Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right)
  • Figure 98: Emerging logic devices
  • Figure 99: Stretchable CNT memory and logic devices for wearable electronics
  • Figure 100: Graphene oxide-based RRAm device on a flexible substrate
  • Figure 101: Emerging memory devices
  • Figure 102: Carbon nanotubes NRAM chip
  • Figure 103: Schematic of NRAM cell
  • Figure 104: Layered structure of tantalum oxide, multilayer graphene and platinum used for resistive random access memory (RRAM)
  • Figure 105: A schematic diagram for the mechanism of the resistive switching in metal/GO/Pt
  • Figure 106: Hybrid graphene phototransistors
  • Figure 107: Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors
  • Figure 108: Energy densities and specific energy of rechargeable batteries
  • Figure 109: Zapgo supercapacitor phone charger
  • Figure 110: Suntech/TCNT nanotube frame module
  • Figure 111: Perforene graphene filter
  • Figure 112: 3D Printed tweezers incorporating Carbon Nanotube Filament
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