Research Report on China Auto Parts Industry, 2010-2019
|出版商||China Research and Intelligence||商品編碼||337510|
|出版日期||內容資訊||英文 60 Pages
|中國的汽車零件產業分析 (2010∼2019年) Research Report on China Auto Parts Industry, 2010-2019|
|出版日期: 2015年08月18日||內容資訊: 英文 60 Pages||
中國汽車產業急速成長，2014年生產、銷售台數皆為2300萬台，6年連續達到全球最大規模。同時汽車零件產業也急速發展。2014年終的階段，在中國國內有20萬家汽車零件廠商，其中年度銷售額超過2000萬人民幣 (約322萬美元) 的企業有1萬家以上，外資型企業有1,200家以上。汽車零件產業整體總產量2014年達3000億人民幣 (汽車產業的約50％)。在各部門中，新車零件需求佔整體80％，替換用零件20％。今後，原料價格的急劇上升也可能帶來負面影響，不過，隨汽車產業的整體成長，一般預期汽車零件產業也將取得順利的發展。
本報告提供中國的汽車零件產業相關分析、市場整體環境和相關政策、相關產業、市場 (上游/下游工程) 的關聯性、市場整體規模的實際成果值和預測值 (過去、今後5年份)、產業內競爭情勢、對外貿易趨勢、各地區的產業結構、主要製造商簡介、今後的產業發展的方向性等相關調查與考察。
As the basis of auto industry, auto parts are necessary for its sustained healthy development. In recent years, Chinese auto industry has raised its international status and consolidated its status as the pillar of national economy. The comprehensive competitiveness of auto parts industry has increased with industrial cluster taking shape and export level going up.
With the rapid rise of such manufacturing bases as Changchun, Shiyan, Wuhu, Huadu, Bohai Rim especially Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, auto parts industry have formed six industrial clusters, namely, Bohai Rim, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Central China, Southwest China, Yangtze River Delta and South China.
In recent years, auto industry has undergone rapid development in China, auto sales and output reporting over 23 million in 2014 and ranking first in the world for six successive years. Meanwhile, auto parts industry has been developing fast too. By the end of 2014, there were about 200,000 auto parts manufacturers in China, among which 16,000 were major ones, over 10,000 reported an annual sales value of CNY 20 million (about USD 3.22 million) and over 1,200 were foreign companies. In 2014, the total output of auto parts industry surpassed CNY 300 billion which accounted for 50% of that of auto industry.
Auto parts in China mainly serve vehicle assembly market and after-sale service market whose demands respectively take up 80% and 20% of the total demand.
Auto parts industry occupies a strategic position in national economy with large amounts of upstream and downstream industries. Steel, non-ferrous metal, equipment manufacturing industries are the upstream industries while vehicle assembly market and after-sale service market are the downstream ones.
The downstream section of auto parts industry can be classified into two parts: auto market and after-sale service market. In auto market, the downstream industry of auto parts industry is auto industry and their relationship features mutual promotion and dependence. Specifically, the develop requirement of auto is the source of the development of auto parts while the synchronous development or even advanced development of auto parts constitutes an important driving force of auto technical advance. Besides, auto parts market is determined by the overall demand of auto market. In after-sale service market, the most direct downstream enterprise is auto parts dealer whose sales network with its coverage and sales ability exerts great influence on auto parts manufacturers. After-sale service market is a retail market where products are sold to customers mainly through professional garage, chain store and retail shop. And it is closely related with the geographical environment and car ownership. The characteristics of after-sale service market determine its regional and hardly concentrated demand for small batches of various products.
The profit of auto parts industry is mainly influenced by the price of upstream raw material and downstream auto. In recent years, the price of steel fluctuates while auto parts manufacturers have to improve product quality and reduce cost due to fierce competition among auto makers, which has squeezed the profit margin of auto parts industry. However, stimulated by the stable growth of auto sales, the profit of auto parts is stable on the whole. As market competition becomes increasingly fierce and auto price drops down, the advantageous enterprises in auto parts industry have to improve their competitiveness and market share by technical upgrading, structural updating and expanded size of production and sales so as to realize a huge gain.
As a cyclical industry, auto parts industry's prosperity is consistent with that of auto industry and closely related with macro-economic situation. As auto industry continues to develop and China gradually becomes the big producer and consumer of vehicles, auto parts industry has entered an industrial period of stable growth. With the rapid development of auto group, the industrial clusters of auto parts industry serving auto makers have developed fast. Currently, six industrial clusters, namely, Northeast China, Bohai Rim, Central China, Southwest China, Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta have gradually taken shape.
As car ownership keeps increasing in China, the market size of auto parts industry will go up. And the vast market demand for after-sale service leads to large development space for auto parts manufacturers. Besides, government departments have in recent years put forward a new concept of HOPSCA which are being set as a target by more and more cities to develop motor town, auto park and automobile accessories. In the next few years, auto parts industry will continue to develop fast and create more investment opportunities.
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(8.2-8.7. are Structured the Same as 8.1)