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市場調查報告書

中國的農作物栽培產業

Crops in China

出版商 CCM 商品編碼 308226
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 113 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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中國的農作物栽培產業 Crops in China
出版日期: 2014年05月19日 內容資訊: 英文 113 Pages
簡介

中國有全球整體人口的1/4和土地面積的7%。中國的國民經濟和日常生活,在農業,尤其是農作物發揮了栽培很大的作用。從中華人民共和國的建國以來,尤其是從1980年代的開放政策以來,中國的農業取得迅速發展。具體來說,隨著經濟、技術的發展,農業生產的集中化和大規模化、機械化與自動化、農作物的標準化和品牌化、工業化的應對、環保農業的發展、信息化社會的應對等動向,階段性進行。

本報告提供中國的農作物栽培產業相關分析、整體產業環境與政策,及主要作物的栽培情形(種植面積、每個農戶生產量、總生產量、基因改造型(GM)作物的普及情形等)、相關產業趨勢、投資情形(成本分析、主要的投資的動向等)、傳統/最新型栽培方式比較等資訊彙整。

第1章 中國農作物產業的PEST分析

  • 政治環境
  • 經濟環境
  • 社會環境
  • 技術性環境

第2章 農業環境變化伴隨對農作物栽培的影響

  • 氣候變動
  • 水資源的變動
  • 土壤的變動
  • 都市化

第3章 農作物供給數量和食品安全保障

  • 主要農作物的栽培情形
  • 基因改造(GM)技術現況和趨勢
    • 中國國內的GM農作物現況
      • 全球GM農作物市場上中國的立場
      • 中國的GM農作物現況
      • 主要的GM農作物的生產情形
        • GM玉米
        • GM米
        • GM小麥
        • GM大豆
        • GM棉花
  • 食品安全保障相關課題與對策

第4章 中國國內的農作物栽培的相關產業

  • 農業用設備
  • 種子的供給數量和使用數量
    • 市場資訊
    • 供給數量和使用數量
    • 領導品牌分析
  • 農藥的供給數量和使用數量
    • 化學肥料
    • 化學農藥
  • 農作物的栽培情形分析
  • 主要農作物(穀物、糧油作物)的加工、流通、消費情形
    • 玉米
    • 小麥
    • 大豆
    • 油菜

第5章 農作物栽培產業的投資收益分析

  • 主要農作物的成本分析
  • 創業投資(VC)/非上市股票交易(PE)
  • 股票公開(IPO)

第6章 主要農業企業分析

  • Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps
  • Heilongjiang State Farms Beidahuang Group
  • COFCO Limited
  • China National Agricutural Development Group Co., Ltd.
  • Beijing Shunxin Agriculture Development Group Co., Ltd.
  • Gansu Yasheng Industrial (Group) Co., Ltd.

第7章 中國國內的農作物栽培產業的發展階段與趨勢

  • 傳統農業的現況和趨勢
  • 先進農作物栽培產業的發展和趨勢

第8章 中國國內的農作物栽培產業的投資情形

  • 市場機會
  • 風險

圖表一覽

目錄

Planting industry plays a critical role in national economy and people's livelihood. It restrains and promotes the development of the secondary and tertiary industries. Since the establishment of the People Republic of China, especially after the reform and opening up policy in 1980s, China's agriculture industry has been developing fast. China has fed more than 1/4 of the world's population on 7% of the world's land.

What is the general situation of China's planting industry? How is the crops supply and food security of China now? How is the planting industry chain in China? How are supply and consumption situation of major crops in China? What is the situation of investment analysis on crop planting industry in China? ... CCM will give descriptions in this report.

This report includes but not limited to the following parts:

  • The influence over crop planting by the change of agro-environment (Change of climate, water and soil condition, urbanization)
  • Overview of China's crop planting situation of major crops (Planting area, per unit yield, output, GM crops, etc.)
  • Introduction to industry chain of crop planting industry in China (Agricultural facilities, seed, agrochemicals, etc.)
  • Investment analysis on crop planting industry in China (Cost analysis on major crops, situation of VC/PE and IPO on crops planting industry)
  • Comparison on the developing mode of crop planting industry in China (traditional mode and new mode)

Executive summary

Planting industry plays a critical role in national economy and people's livelihood. It restrains and promotes the development of the secondary and tertiary industries. Since the founding of the People Republic of China, especially after the reform and opening up policy in 1980s, China's agriculture has been developing fast. China has fed more than 1/4 of the world's population on 7% of the world's land.

Overview of China's planting industry:

Crop planting

  • Sown area, yield per unit and output of major grain crops have increased continuously. XXX, XXX and XXX are the major grain crops in China, and their total sown area accounts for more than 50% of domestic total. The total sown area, yield per unit and output of these 3 types of crop were XXX million ha., XXX tonne/ha. and XXX million tonnes respectively in 2012, up XXX%, XXX% and XXX% respectively compared with 2000.
  • The planting structure of crops in China has changed. XXX still captures a large proportion of sown area, with a slow growth from XXX% in 2000 to XXX% in 2012, owing to the fast increase sown area of corn. Followed by XXX, XXX has took the second place by sown area, and its share has risen from XXX% in 2000 to XXX% in 2012.
  • The distribution of sown area of crops in China also has a slight change. In 2000-2012, the sown area of crops in XXX provinces and XXX provinces in China has been on the increase, while that in XXX provinces shown a downward trend.

Planting industry chain

  • Agricultural mechanization level has increased and there is still room for improvement. In 2012, the total power consumed by agricultural machineries in China has reached XXX million kilowatts, almost XXX as much as that in 2000. China's total agricultural mechanization level has increased sharply, from XXX% in 2000 to XXX% in 2012. Agricultural mechanization goes throughout the whole process of agricultural production and help improve the efficiency. However, the agricultural mechanization level is relatively low in China when compared with that of developed countries. Higher level of mechanization and automation is the the future directions of China's agriculture. Agricultural machinery industry is facing a bright future.
  • The market size of seed industry has increased, as well as the commodity rate of seeds. Followed by the US, China is the second largest seed market in the world, and the market value of seed industry in China was USDXXX million in 2013, nearly XXX times as much as that in 2000. The commodity rate of seeds has increased while that of XXX and XXX is nearly 100%; however, those of XXX and XXX are still at a low level, which are less than 50% respectively. The supply of major crops' seed is far outstripping demand, especially hybrid corn seed, whose inventory nearly equals to its consumption in 2013.
  • Overcapacity in agro-chemical industry and overuse of agro-chemical are serious in China. For both chemical fertilizers and pesticides, overcapacity has became a serious problem. In recent years, the operating rate of nitrogen fertilizer production is around XXX% to XXX%, and that of phosphate fertilizer production is about XXX%. As for chemical pesticides, the operating rate is also at a low level. For instance, the operating rate of XXX and XXX, which are the most popular herbicide and insecticide in China respectively, are only XXX% and less than XXX% respectively in 2013. Overuse of agro-chemical is also a serious problem in China. The consumption per unit of chemical fertilizers in China was XXXkg/ha. in 2012, which has exceed the upper limit (225kg/ha.) in developed countries; while that of pesticide was XXX kg/ha. in 2011., doubling the global average.
  • Grain and oils processing industry has shown a fast development trend. In 2012, there were about XXX enterprises engaged in grain and oil processing above a designated scale, and their total output value was USDXXX million, up XXX% compared with 2011.

Trends of planting industry

With the development of economy and technology, crop planting industry in China is gradually developed in the following ways:

  • Centralization and large-scale
  • Mechanization and automation
  • Standardization and branding optimization
  • Industrialization
  • Eco-friendly
  • Informatization

Table of Contents

1 PEST analysis on crops in China

  • 1-1 Political environment
  • 1-2 Economic environment
  • 1-3 Social environment
  • 1-4 Technological environment

2 The influence over crop planting by the change of agro-environment

  • 2-1 Change of climate
  • 2-2 Change of water
  • 2-3 Change of soil condition
  • 2-4 Urbanization

3 Crop supply and food security

  • 3-1 Planting situation of major crops
  • 3-2 Current situation and trend of GM technology
    • 3-2-1 Current situation of GM crops in China
      • 3-2-1-1 China's status in global market of GM crops
      • 3-2-1-2 Situation of GM crops in China
      • 3-2-1-3 Main production of GM crops
        • 3-2-1-3-1 GM corn
        • 3-2-1-3-2 GM rice
        • 3-2-1-3-3 GM wheat
        • 3-2-1-3-4 GM soybean
        • 3-2-1-3-5 GM cotton
    • 3-3 Problems and corresponding measures in food security

4 Industry chain of crop planting industry in China

  • 4-1 Agricultural facilities
  • 4-2 Supply and utilization of seeds
    • 4-2-1 Market informations
    • 4-2-2 Supply and utilization
    • 4-2-3 Analysis on major brands of seeds
  • 4-3 Supply and utilization of agrochemicals
    • 4-3-1 Chemical fertilizers
    • 4-3-2 Chemical pesticides
  • 4-4 Analysis on crop planting situation
  • 4-5 Processing, circulation and consumption of major products of grain and oil crops
    • 4-5-1 Corn
    • 4-5-2 Rice
    • 4-5-3 Wheat
    • 4-5-4 Soybean
    • 4-5-5 Rape

5 Investment analysis on crop planting industry in China

  • 5-1 Cost analysis on major crops
  • 5-2 VC/PE
  • 5-3 IPO

6 Analysis on major agricultural enterprises

  • 6-1 Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps
  • 6-2 Heilongjiang State Farms Beidahuang Group
  • 6-3 COFCO Limited
  • 6-4 China National Agricutural Development Group Co., Ltd.
  • 6-5 Beijing Shunxin Agriculture Development Group Co., Ltd.
  • 6-6 Gansu Yasheng Industrial (Group) Co., Ltd.

7 Developing mode and trend of crop planting industry in China

  • 7-1 Current situation and trend of traditional mode
  • 7-2 Development and trend of crop planting industry under new mode in China

8 Investment analysis on crop planting industry in China

  • 8-1 Opportunity
  • 8-2 Risk

List of tables:

  • Table 1.1-1 List of the No.1 documents issued by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
  • Table 1.1-2 USD/RMB exchange rates, 2000-2013
  • Table 1.1-3 Major agricultural subsidies in China, 2002-2013, million USD
  • Table 2.1-1 Occurrence area of pest and disease and crops lost in China, 2000-2011
  • Table 2.1-2 Area under control and crops recovered from the losses, 2000-2011
  • Table 3.2.1.3.1-1 Development of GM corn in China, 2012
  • Table 3.2.1.3.1-2 Import situation of corn in China, 2010-H1 2013, tonne
  • Table 3.2.1.3.1-3 GM corn approved for import as processing materials, as of Aug. 2013
  • Table 3.2.1.3.2-1 Development of GM rice in China, 2012
  • Table 3.2.1.3.3-1 Development of GM wheat in China, 2012
  • Table 3.2.1.3.4-1 Development of GM soybean in China, 2012
  • Table 3.2.1.3.4-2 GM soybean approved for import as processing materials, as of Aug. 2013
  • Table 3.2.1.3.4-3 Import volume of soybeans in China, 2008-2012, tonne
  • Table 3.2.1.3.5-1 Development of GM cotton in China, 2012
  • Table 3.2.1.3.5-2 Sown area of cotton in China, 2008-2012, ha.
  • Table 3.2.1.3.5-3 Output and import volume of cotton in China, 2008-2012
  • Table 3.2.1.3.5-4 GM cotton approved for import as processing materials, as of Aug. 2013
  • Table 4.1-1 Major agricultural facilities in China, '000 unit, 2000-2011
  • Table 4.1-2 Area of agricultural mechanization, 2000-2011, '000 ha.
  • Table 4.1-3 Agricultural mechanization level by major crops, 2010
  • Table 4.2.2-1 Supply and usage of other seeds in China, 2013-2014
  • Table 5.2-1 Part of VC/PE investment cases in crop planting and its related industries in China, 2012-2013
  • Table 5.3-1 IPO of agricultural companies in China, 2012-2013
  • Table 6.1-1 Basic information of Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps
  • Table 6.1-2 Listed subsidiary of XPCC
  • Table 6.1-3 Output of major crops of XPCC in 2012
  • Table 6.2-1 Basic information of Heilongjiang State Farms Beidahuang Group
  • Table 6.2-2 Main subsidiary of HSFBG
  • Table 6.2-3 Revenue of main business of HSFBG, 2009-2011, million USD
  • Table 6.2-4 Output and sale of major crops of HSFBG, 2010 and 2011, million tonne
  • Table 6.3-1 Basic information of COFCO Limited
  • Table 6.3-2 Listed subsidiary of COFCO
  • Table 6.4-1 Basic information of China National Agricultural Development Group Co., Ltd.
  • Table 6.4-2 Listed subsidiary of of China National Agricultural Development Group Co., Ltd.
  • Table 6.5-1 Basic information of Beijing Shunxin Agriculture Development Group Co., Ltd.
  • Table 6.5-2 Main subsidiary of of Shunxin Group
  • Table 6.5-3 Revenue of main business of Beijing Shunxin Agriculture Co., Ltd., 2012 and 2013, million USD
  • Table 6.6-1 Basic information of Gansu Yasheng Industrial (Group) Co., Ltd.
  • Table 6.6-2 Main subsidiary of Yasheng Group
  • Table 6.6-3 Revenue of main business of Yasheng Group, 2011 and 2012, million USD

List of figures:

  • Figure 1.1-1 Agricultural financial input in China, 2000-2013, billion USD
  • Figure 1.2-1 The Producer Price Index of crops in China, 2008-2013
  • Figure 2.1-1 Area covered and affected by natural disasters in China, 1990-2011, million ha.
  • Figure 2.1-2 Area covered by major natural disasters in China, 2000-2011, million ha.
  • Figure 2.1-3 Area covered by natural disasters and yield per unit of grain in China, 2000-2011
  • Figure 2.1-4 Grain output and yield per unit of grain in China, 2000-2011
  • Figure 2.2-1 Consumption structure of water in China, 2004-2012, billion m3
  • Figure 2.2-2 Agricultural water and effective irrigated area in China, 2004-2012
  • Figure 2.2-3 Yield per unit of grain and effective irrigated area in China, 2000-2012
  • Figure 2.2-4 Grain output and yield per unit of grain in China, 2000-2012
  • Figure 2.3-1 Area polluted by heavy metal pollutant in China, 2012
  • Figure 2.4-1 Cultivated area in China, 1996-2011, million ha.
  • Figure 2.4-2 Planting structure by planting area of major crops in China, 1990-2012
  • Figure 2.4-3 Cultivated area, sown area and multiple cropping index of crops in China, 1996-2011
  • Figure 2.4-4 Number of rural employment population and its share in total population, 2000-2011
  • Figure 2.4-5 Structure of employment people by industry in China, 2000
  • Figure 2.4-6 Structure of employment people by industry in China, 2010
  • Figure 3.1-1 Sown area of crops in China, 2000-2012, million ha.
  • Figure 3.1-2 Planting structure of major crops by sown area in China, 2000-2012
  • Figure 3.1-3 Sown area of corn, rice and wheat in China, 2000-2012, '000 ha.
  • Figure 3.1-4 Sown area of soybean, rape and peanut in China, 2000-2012, '000 ha.
  • Figure 3.1-5 Sown area of potato, cotton and sugarcane in China, 2000-2012, '000 ha.
  • Figure 3.1-6 Distribution of sown area of crops in China, 2000-2012
  • Figure 3.1-7 Yield per unit of major types of crops in China, 2000-2012, kg/ha.
  • Figure 3.1-8 Yield per unit of major crops in China, 2000-2012, kg/ha.
  • Figure 3.1-9 Total output of food crops in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
  • Figure 3.1-10 Output of food crops by regions in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
  • Figure 3.1-11 Output of major types of crops in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
  • Figure 3.1-12 Output of major crops in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
  • Figure 3.2.1.1-1 Global sown area of GM crops, 2004-2012
  • Figure 3.2.1.1-2 Sown area of China's GM crops and its share in the global GM crop sown area, 2004-2012
  • Figure 3.2.1.2-1 Procedures from experiment to commercial production of GM crops in China
  • Figure 3.3-1 Self-sufficiency of major crops in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
  • Figure 3.3-2 Import volume of major crops, 2000-2012, million tonne
  • Figure 4.1-1 The total power of agricultural machinery in China, 1990-2012, million kilowatt
  • Figure 4.1-2 Area of protected agriculture in China, 2000-2011, million ha.
  • Figure 4.1-3 Consumption of agricultural plastic film in China, 2000-2011
  • Figure 4.2.1-1 Market value of seeds in China, 2000-2013, million USD
  • Figure 4.2.1-2 Market size of seeds of major crops by market value in China, 2012
  • Figure 4.2.1-3 Commodity rate of major crop seeds in China, 2012
  • Figure 4.2.2-1 Sown area of corn and hybrid corn in China, 2008-2013, million ha.
  • Figure 4.2.2-2 Situation of hybrid corn seed production in China, 2008-2013
  • Figure 4.2.2-3 Consumption and inventory of hybrid corn seed in China, 2008-2014, '000 tonne
  • Figure 4.2.2-4 Sown area of rice and hybrid rice in China, 2008-1013, million ha.
  • Figure 4.2.2-5 Situation of hybrid rice seed production in China, 2008-2013
  • Figure 4.2.2-6 Consumption and inventory of hybrid rice seed in China, 2008-2014, '000 tonne
  • Figure 4.3.1-1 Output and consumption (calculated by 100% AI) of chemical fertilizers in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
  • Figure 4.3.1-2 Output structure of chemical fertilizers in China, 2000-2012
  • Figure 4.3.1-3 Output share of chemical fertilizers in the major regions of China, 2000 and 2012
  • Figure 4.3.1-4 Consumption structure of chemical fertilizers in China, 2000-2012
  • Figure 4.3.1-5 Per unit consumption of chemical fertilizers in China, 2000-2012, kg/ha.
  • Figure 4.3.1-6 Consumption share of chemical fertilizers in the major regions of China, 2000 and 2012
  • Figure 4.3.2-1 Output and consumption of pesticides (calculated by 100% technical) in China, 2000-2011, '000 tonne
  • Figure 4.3.2-2 Output structure of pesticides in China, 2000-2012
  • Figure 4.3.2-3 Output share of pesticides in the major regions of China, 2000 and 2012
  • Figure 4.3.2-4 Consumption structure of pesticides in China, 2000-2012
  • Figure 4.3.2-5 Per unit consumption of pesticides in China, 2000-2012, kg/ha.
  • Figure 4.3.2-6 Consumption share of pesticides in major regions in China, 2000 and 2011
  • Figure 4.5.1-1 Output and consumption of corn in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
  • Figure 4.5.1-2 Import and export volume of corn in China, 2000-2012, '000 tonne
  • Figure 4.5.1-3 Consumption structure of corn in China, 2012
  • Figure 4.5.1-4 Output structure and consumption structure of corn by region in China, 2012
  • Figure 4.5.2-1 Output and consumption of rice in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
  • Figure 4.5.2-2 Import and export volume of rice in China, 2000-2012, '000 tonne
  • Figure 4.5.2-3 Consumption structure of rice in China, 2012
  • Figure 4.5.2-4 Output of polished rice in China, 2004-2013, million tonne
  • Figure 4.5.3-1 Output and consumption of wheat in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
  • Figure 4.5.3-2 Import and export volume of wheat in China, 2000-2012, '000 tonne
  • Figure 4.5.3-3 Consumption structure of wheat in China, 2012
  • Figure 4.5.3-4 Output of wheat flour in China, 2004-2012, million tonne
  • Figure 4.5.4-1 Output and consumption of soybean in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
  • Figure 4.5.4-2 Import and export volume of soybean in China, 2000-2012, '000 tonne
  • Figure 4.5.4-3 Consumption structure of soybean in China, 2012
  • Figure 4.5.4-4 Processing capacity of soybean in China, 2000-2013, million t/a
  • Figure 4.5.4-5 Distribution of soybean crushing capacity by province in China, 2013
  • Figure 4.5.5-1 Output and consumption of rapeseed in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
  • Figure 4.5.5-2 Import and export volume of rapeseed in China, 2000-2012, '000 tonne
  • Figure 4.5.5-3 Consumption structure of rapeseed in China, 2012
  • Figure 4.5.5-4 Output of rapeseed oil in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
  • Figure 5.1-1 Planting cost of major crops in China, 2000-2011, USD/ha.
  • Figure 5.1-2 Net profit of major crops in China, 2000-2011, USD/ha.
  • Figure 5.1-3 Planting cost analysis of corn in China, 2000 and 2011
  • Figure 5.1-4 Planting cost analysis of rice in China, 2000 and 2011
  • Figure 5.1-5 Planting cost analysis of wheat in China, 2000 and 2011
  • Figure 5.1-6 Planting cost analysis of cotton in China, 2000 and 2011
  • Figure 5.1-7 ting cost analysis of rape in China, 2000 and 2011
  • Figure 5.1-8 Planting cost analysis of soybean in China, 2000 and 2011
  • Figure 5.2-1 Investment number and value of VC/PE on agriculture in China, 2006-2013
  • Figure 5.2-2 Industry distribution of China's VC/PE on agriculture by investment number, 2006-2013
  • Figure 5.3-1 Number and value of IPO on agriculture in China, 2006-2013
  • Figure 5.3-2 Industry distribution of China's IPO on agriculture by case number, 2006-2013
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