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市場調查報告書

中國國內有害化學物質的政策

Policies on Hazardous Chemicals in China

出版商 CCM 商品編碼 348542
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 24 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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中國國內有害化學物質的政策 Policies on Hazardous Chemicals in China
出版日期: 2015年12月26日 內容資訊: 英文 24 Pages
簡介

受到天津市爆炸事故的影響,中國政府強化了對有害化學物質的生產·貯存·運輸的監視·管理·懲罰條例體制。實際制定各種法令法規、並進行違反企業的取締等。大眾對今後中國的有害化學物質政策相當關注,但可預見有三大方向性。一是將轉而實行認證政策,以圖徹底執法。二是在銀行融資時,會將有害化學物質的處理情形列作考慮條件。第三則是強化違反時的處罰,將罰金提高到過去的2∼5倍。

本報告提供中國的有害化學物質相關政策之現況與未來展望分析,提供您目前法規情形和其實際狀態,今後的政策制定·運用的方向性,地方層級的法規情形,並彙整天津市的事故影響下的支援情形等資訊,為您概述為以下內容。

摘要整理

分析方法·簡介

第1章 對有害化學物質的法規

  • 有害化學物質一覽
  • 針對有害化學物質的法規
  • 中國國內對有害化學物質的建地法規的解釋
    • 中央/地方政府層級的有害化學物質設施的建地相關法規
      • 認證流程的實踐
      • 為了確保銀行融資之必要的文件和標準
      • 執法的努力
    • 違反法規的懲罰條例

第2章 天津市的爆炸事故以後,新的/今後所能制定的法規

圖表一覽

目錄

China has further strengthened supervision and management of production, storage, transportation, punishment and other aspects of hazardous chemicals industry after the Tianjin Explosion. Actually in 2015, the government has been cautious about the hazardous chemical projects since the new Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China was implemented. Take coal-to-chemical industry for example, there is no new coal-to-chemical project which has passed the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in this year. In July 2015, Yili Xintian Coal Chemical Co., Ltd. failed to get approval of the Ministry of Environmental Protection on EIA on its 2 billion m3 coal-to-gas project. Later, the National Energy Administration issued a document about guiding opinions of coal-to-fuel projects. Some important departments including the State Administration of Work Safety, the Ministry of Environmental Protection and the Fire Department of Ministry of Public Security are clearly responsible for different aspects of the regulation to hazardous chemicals. So what are the stricter supervision policies? How're the policies development directions in the future?

CCM has solved these questions in this report after a great deal of investigations. For the supervision and management policies, the report introduces mainly from three parts: First, examination and approval policy. Since Zhangzhou Px project explosion happened in April, 2015, and then the Administration of Work Safety launched a comprehensive inspection to all the domestic Px projects. Few months later, stricter access rules were implemented. From 1 Oct., 2015, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Ministry of Environmental Protection launched a regulation that all the new Px projects should be located in the Chemical Industrial Park.

Second, bank loan policy. After a detailed survey, CCM has found out that loan policy for the chemical enterprise doesn't have a great change. Nevertheless, the bank pays more attention to some points: Is it a kind of high-tech enterprise? Whether the products have obtained some independent patents? It would be easier to obtain the loan if the enterprise meets those requirements.

Third, punishment. From 2014 to 2015, a number of laws and regulations have raised the upper limit of punishment. It would have a deterrent effect on the manufacturers. The new Law of the People's Republic of China on Work Safety was implemented in Dec., 2014 and it raised the upper limit of punishment to 2-5 times. It would greatly have a deterrent effect on the manufacturers.

As for the future trend of hazardous chemicals industry, CCM thinks that admittance management, project layout and daily supervision mechanism would be the key points.

In addition, you can also know the following information from this report:

  • A detailed process for examination and approval of the new hazardous chemical projects and the relevant responsible departments in each process;
  • Detailed penalties to the enterprise and responsible person in different accidents;
  • Local regulatory policies in five regions (Shandong, Inner Mongolia, Jiangsu, Shanxi and Guangdong) for the production, storage, transportation and other aspects of hazardous chemicals.

Table of Contents

Executive summary

Methodology and introduction

1 Regulations on hazardous chemicals

  • 1-1 List of hazardous chemicals
  • 1-2 Regulations on hazardous chemicals
  • 1-3 Interpretation of regulations regarding location of hazardous chemicals in China
    • 1-3-1 National and provincial regulations on the location of hazardous chemical facilities
      • 1-3-1-1 Examination and approval process
      • 1-3-1-2 Documents required and criteria for obtaining bank loans
      • 1-3-1-3 Law enforcement efforts
    • 1-3-2 List of penalties for breaching regulations

2 New and possible regulations post accident

List of tables:

  • Table 1.1-1 List of hazardous chemicals
  • Table 1.2-1 Major policies/regulations on hazardous chemicals in China
  • Table 1.2-2 Comments on major policies & regulations of hazardous chemicals in China
  • Table 1.2-3 China's departments responsible for the supervision and administration of hazardous chemicals
  • Table 1.3.1.1-1 Examination and approval processes of hazardous chemical projects in China
  • Table 1.3.1.1-2 Time needed to obtain production and operation license for hazardous chemicals in China
  • Table 1.3.1.1-3 Approval authority of several chemical projects in China
  • Table 1.3.1.3-1 Supervision measures on the production, storage and transportation of hazardous chemicals by the Local Administration of Work Safety
  • Table 1.3.2-1 Penalties for illegal production of hazardous chemicals
  • Table 1.3.2-2 Administrative penalty of responsible party who doesn't fulfill the responsibility of safe production
  • Table 1.3.2-3 Penalties for accidents in hazardous chemicals production
  • Table 1.3.2-4 Case study of several policies/regulations

List of figures:

  • Figure 1.3.1.1-1 Process to get production license for hazardous chemicals
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