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Dark Fibre Europe 3

出版商 BroadGroup 商品編碼 332057
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 111 Pages; 27 Tables & Charts
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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歐洲的暗光纖:第3版 Dark Fibre Europe 3
出版日期: 2015年06月09日 內容資訊: 英文 111 Pages; 27 Tables & Charts


第1章 暗光纖的最新定義

  • 簡介
  • 暗光纖的最新定義
  • ITU的光纖規格概要
  • 要點的彙整

第2章 歐洲的暗光纖市場現狀

  • 簡介
  • 歐洲的暗光纖供應商現況:5年前的比較
  • 過去5年歐洲的暗光纖引進主要的變化
  • 暗光纖的展望:新加入經營者與發展趨勢
  • 暗光纖技術的變化
  • 暗光纖的今後
  • 要點的彙整

第3章 暗光纖的成長推進因素和需求

  • 簡介
  • BroadGroup的暗光纖終端用戶調查的結果
  • 西歐的暗光纖的需求推進因素
  • 暗光纖服務的NREN客戶
  • 西歐的暗光纖連接性
  • 要點的彙整

第4章 暗光纖服務的供給:各國檢討

  • 簡介
  • 暗光纖供應商的區分
  • 西歐的暗光纖供應商簡介
  • 新業務者
  • 歐洲整個地區的經營者
  • 該國經營者
  • 西歐的暗光纖連接性
  • 社區的光纖引進
  • 暗光纖供給的主要趨勢
  • 要點的彙整

第5章 暗光纖的新技術趨勢

  • 簡介
  • 光纖技術主要的變化
  • 光纖的競爭技術的進步
  • 光纖引進的規定
  • 要點的彙整

第6章 暗光纖和光纖的引進

  • 簡介
  • 光纖的新發展與新的經營模式
  • 海底電纜系統的引進趨勢
  • 地下鐵道光纖系統的引進趨勢
  • 要點的彙整

第7章 暗光纖的成本、價格結構的變化

  • 簡介
  • 暗光纖的價格設定
  • 暗光纖服務的專業加工結構的發展
  • 暗光纖服務的典型性的契約條件
  • 暗光纖價格的最近範例
  • 光纖的引進、成本結構發展的商務案例
  • 要點的彙整

第8章 光纖提供的全球趨勢

  • 簡介
  • 歐洲之外地區的光纖引進
  • 亞洲的光纖引進和暗光纖服務
  • 北美的光纖引進和暗光纖服務
  • 要點的彙整

第9章 總論:歐洲的暗光纖服務


  • 歐洲的暗光纖清單


  • 用語

The report researches Dark Fibre in 24 European markets and covers 89 operators and provides a completely updated review (the previous report was published in 2008).

With a buoyant competitive market operating across the countries covered, the report reveals provisioning dark fibre has now become a commercially acceptable alternative to other types of bandwidth for the mobile backhaul sector.

Regulatory pressure on telcos - still the main owner of dark fibre assets - continues to edge gradually towards definition as a wholesale product and stimulating competition. However the premium pricing applied remains challenging for users.

Nevertheless the report uncovers emerging trends that could eventually shift behaviours. Until now only 4 players have built presence in dark fibre across several country markets. Most players remain highly national in approach and outlook. This suits incumbent telecom operators who charge Dark Fibre at a premium rental tariff, typically higher than for rental wavelength services.

The report believes that private equity players in particular will be behind future shifts having identified a valuable asset play as well as the opportunity for consolidation across European markets. (the recent sale of Eurofiber, the owner of Netherlands largest independent fibre optic network, to Antin Infrastructure Partners for 875 million euros (£627.8 million) attests to these developments) There remains a significant opportunity to create pan-European dark fibre networks.

Enterprise acquisition of dark fibre is one of the key changes over the past 7 years in addition to other players. Demand is also being driven by data centres requiring network links between facilities, telecom providers, and mobile operators.

Despite new players entering the market, supply remains a severe constraint with much still owned by incumbent telecom operators. Mobile operators are campaigning with regulators - who are proving to be a key change driver - for the provisioning of dark fibre as a wholesale product.

Some relief in the market is being provided by utility (electricity and gas in particular) and municipal owners who are moving into the market space and willing to productize dark fibre offerings at commercial rates. Swiss regional water and energy providers for example are deploying fibre using their existing duct network. Some - but limited - submarine cable system availability also exists.

The report contains the results of a survey with 46 end users of dark fibre in Europe, most requiring large or unlimited bandwidth capacity and a high level of scalability. Passive infrastructure is being used as a preferred alternative to multiple wavelengths when capacity is forecast to increase over time.

Sweden has a particularly high number of dark fibre operators. The Dark Fibre Link for example runs across the Oresund Road Bridge, between Denmark and Sweden.

Profiles of dark fibre players - including new players, pan Europeans, and nationals in 24 European countries - are contained in the report.

Technology is also changing the both the capacity and value of the dark fibre opportunity. Backbone speed per fibre is increasing over time - currently at 100 Gbps in practice - with future speeds potentially being as high as multiple terabytes. Demand will quickly take up these services.

The report identifies developments in several Tier 2 metro markets where dark fibre deployments have taken place, cites deployments between Data Centre facilities, the business models used and developments in the pricing structure and contract terms of Dark Fibre services.

Early evidence of online trading of dark fibre resources is identified in the report which combined with emerging cloud brokerage services could coalesce into a powerful proposition enabling faster availability, transactions and costing.

Further change might be anticipated as country regulators continue to force incumbent telecoms provider to offer Dark Fibre services - as a lower cost alternative to renting bandwidth services.

The report concludes with a review of international dark fibre in the US where services are typically provided by smaller telecoms providers and regional providers who are specialists, and Asian markets.

Europe remains problematic for financing of Dark Fibre networks compared with North America. In the US Dark Fibre network start-ups are financed by investment funds, whilst in Europe the main Dark Fibre entrants are more typically infrastructure utilities and subsidiaries of municipalities.

In Europe, this means that the choice of Dark Fibre providers to the user are limited, as the existing telecoms providers typically do not wish to cannibalize their existing managed service revenues. The number of Dark Fibre providers - outside Scandinavia - in Europe remains limited by comparison with North America.

Table of Contents

A list of tables and charts

  • Research Methodology & Objectives
  • Geographical scope of the study
  • Executive Summary

Chapter One - An updated definition of Dark Fibre

  • Introduction
  • An updated definition of Dark Fibre
  • The ITU fibre specifications summarised
  • Key Point Summary

Chapter Two - The current market for Dark Fibre in Europe

  • Introduction
  • European Dark Fibre providers in 2015 compared to 5 years ago
  • Key changes in European Dark Fibre deployments over the last 5 years
  • Outlook for Dark Fibre - new entrants and developments
  • Changes in Dark Fibre technology
  • The future for Dark Fibre
  • Key Point Summary

Chapter Three - Drivers & Demand for Dark Fibre

  • Introduction
  • BroadGroup Dark Fibre end user survey: Results
  • Dark Fibre demand drivers in Western Europe
  • NREN customers of Dark Fibre services
  • Dark Fibre connectivity in Western Europe
  • Key Point Summary

Chapter Four - Supply for Dark Fibre services - Country review

  • Introduction
  • Dark Fibre Provider segments
  • Western European Dark Fibre provider profiles
  • New players
  • Pan European Players
  • National Players
  • Dark Fibre connectivity in Western Europe
  • Community fibre developments
  • Key trends in the supply of Dark Fibre
  • Key Point Summary

Chapter Five - New Technology trends in Dark Fibre

  • Introduction
  • The key changes in fibre optic technology
  • Technological advances in competing technology to optical fibre
  • The limitations on optical fibre deployments
  • Key Point Summary

Chapter Six - Dark Fibre and Fibre deployments

  • Introduction
  • New fibre rollouts and new business models
  • Submarine cable system deployment trends
  • Metro fibre system deployment trends
  • Key Point Summary

Chapter Seven - The changing cost and price structure for Dark Fibre

  • Introduction
  • How Dark Fibre is priced
  • Developments in the pricing structure of Dark Fibre services
  • Typical contract terms used for Dark Fibre services
  • Recent examples of Dark Fibre pricing
  • The business case for fibre deployments and cost structure developments
  • Key Point Summary

Chapter Eight - Worldwide trends in optical fibre provision

  • Introduction
  • Worldwide deployment of optical fibre outside Europe
  • Fibre deployment in Asia and Dark Fibre services
  • Fibre deployment in North America and Dark Fibre services
  • Key Point Summary

Chapter Nine - Conclusions - Dark Fibre services in Europe


  • A list of Dark Fibre providers in Europe


  • A glossary of terms used in the report
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