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市場調查報告書

DSC (色素敏化) 太陽光電技術:全球市場

DSC Solar Technologies: Global Markets

出版商 BCC Research 商品編碼 363388
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 153 Pages
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DSC (色素敏化) 太陽光電技術:全球市場 DSC Solar Technologies: Global Markets
出版日期: 2016年07月14日 內容資訊: 英文 153 Pages
簡介

全球已設置太陽能光電發電力2014年達到了42,000MW。該市場預計從2015年的50,000MW到2020年達到70,000MW,從2015年到2020年的年複合成長率為70.0%。

本報告提供全球DSC (色素敏化) 太陽光電技術市場概括,與各個地區市場的生產能力與消費量,製造成本,從研究到商業發展,以及主要企業的簡介等彙整。

第1章 簡介

第2章 摘要整理

第3章 概要

  • 太陽是無限的能源來源
  • 太陽能的光電化學轉換
  • 電力轉換太陽能的敏化物質的分子工程
  • 氧化還原媒介、電解質的最佳化
  • 採用分子電洞傳輸的固體染料敏化太陽能電池
  • 染料敏化太陽能電池的製造
  • 染料敏化太陽能電池的商業用途
  • 高效率染料敏化太陽能電池的做法
  • 反射防止薄膜
  • 結論
  • 模組、面板實驗室電池的擴大
  • 歐洲的各種實驗室的DSC開發研究
  • 日本的各種實驗室的DSC開發研究
  • 韓國、台灣的DSC開發產業
  • 澳洲、中國的DSC開發產業

第4章 全球太陽光電技術市場

  • 太陽光電技術:全球市場

第5章 DSC vs. 替代PV技術

  • DSM製造成本

第6章 色素敏化太陽光模組:從實驗室到商業發展

  • 電致變色窗的染料敏化太陽能電池/模組
  • 色素敏化太陽光模組產業的登場

第7章 色素敏化太陽光模組的目前調查

  • 色素敏化太陽光模組的製造工程
  • 色素敏化太陽光模組的設計結構

第8章 新的技術、專利的評估

第9章 企業簡介

  • 3G SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAICS LTD.
  • COMMONWEALTH SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH ORGANISATION (CSIRO)
  • DYEPOWER
  • DYESOL LTD.
  • DYENAMO AB
  • ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE (EPFL)
  • ENEOS CO. LTD.
  • ENERGY RESEARCH CENTER OF THE NETHERLANDS (ECN)
  • EXEGER SWEDEN AB
  • FRAUNHOFER INSTITUTE FOR SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEMS (ISE)
  • Fujikura Ltd.
  • G24 POWER LTD.
  • GUNZE LTD.
  • INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF TAIWAN (ITRI)
  • INSTITUTE OF PLASMA PHYSICS, CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
  • JTOUCH CORP.
  • KOREA INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (KIST)
  • MERCK KGAA
  • 三菱製紙
  • NGK SPARK PLUG CO. LTD.
  • OXFORD PHOTOVOLTAICS
  • PECCELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
  • 理光
  • SAMSUNG SDI
  • Sharp Corp
  • SHIMANE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
  • SOLARONIX SA
  • SONY U.K. TECHNOLOGY CENTRE
  • 太陽誘電
  • TATA STEEL EUROPE LTD.
  • 豐田/Aisin Seiki Co., Ltd.

圖表

目錄
Product Code: EGY105A

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

The global market for installed photovoltaic power reached 42,000 MW in 2014. The market is expected to reach 70,000 MW by 2020 from 50,000 MW million in 2015, increasing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 70.0% from 2015 to 2020.

This report provides:

  • An overview of DSC solar technologies and their related global markets.
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2014, 2015, and projections of CAGRs through 2020.
  • Advances in solar cell design, their incorporation on flexible substrates, the development of solid state modules, their enhanced stability in outdoor environments, and their scalable fabrication tools and techniques.
  • Coverage of fabrication processes and design configurations of dye-solar modules including series connections, parallel connections, ball grid DSC, and combined series and parallel connected DSMs.
  • A look at DSC modules, including transparency, light weight, flexibility, conformability, workability under low-light conditions, and easy integration in buildings as solar windows.
  • Profiles of major players in the industry.

SCOPE OF REPORT

The scope of this study encompasses the major DSC markets, according to region, through to 2014, with forecasts from 2015 to 2020.

This BCC Research analysis also compares DSCs against other commercialized solar technologies, such as monocrystalline silicon, polycrystalline silicon and thin-films (e.g., amorphous silicon, cadmium telluride, copper indium diselenide). Further, the report analyzes each technology - but will focus on DSCs and examine its current and potential efficiency - assess the current market status of each, examine their future market impact and give PV production and sales volumes for 2014, as well as projections during the period from 2015 to 2020.

Various technical issues are discussed and a thorough economic analysis of each technology and its impact on future growth is presented. We also examined the main areas where DSC applications show strong potential in the short and medium term, and conducted a comparison with other major PV technologies in the market: BIPV, PV production plants and integration into low-power consumer electronics.

In this report, we analyze the PV industry on a global basis, including manufacturing capacity and consumption by various regional markets. We also examine the research efforts of research centers and companies over PV technologies, in particular DSCs.

ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS

Juan Toribio Bueso holds master's degrees in industrial organization, biochemistry and molecular biology, and nanoscience and nanotechnology. For more than six years, Juan has collaborated with major research centers in areas such as third-generation photovoltaic technologies, and especially DSCs.

Toribio, since 2013, is founder and CEO of Textile Energy SL textilenergy.com/en, a company dedicated to the manufacture and integration of flexible photovoltaic technology in consumer products.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION

  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
  • REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
  • SCOPE OF REPORT
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE
  • METHODOLOGY
  • INFORMATION SOURCES
  • ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
  • DISCLAIMER

CHAPTER 2 - EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR INSTALLED PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (MW/YEAR)
  • SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF INSTALLED PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014-2020 (%)

CHAPTER 3 - OVERVIEW

  • THE SUN AS AN INEXHAUSTIBLE SOURCE OF ENERGY
  • PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL CONVERSION OF SOLAR ENERGY
    • TABLE 1: SOLAR CONVERSION EFFICIENCY FOR VARIOUS PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS (SINGLE JUNCTION)*
  • MOLECULAR ENGINEERING OF SENSITIZERS FOR CONVERSION OF SOLAR ENERGY INTO ELECTRICITY
    • TABLE 2: HIGHEST POWER-CONVERSION EFFICIENCIES OBTAINED USING DIFFERENT POLYPYRIDINE COMPLEXES OF RUTHENIUM
    • TABLE 3: PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF NATURAL DYE-BASED DSC
  • OPTIMIZATION OF REDOX MEDIATORS AND ELECTROLYTES
    • TABLE 4: PUBLICATIONS DEVOTED TO TIO2 AND ZNO FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC CONVERSION,1995-2014 (NUMBER OF PUBLICATIONS)
  • SOLID-STATE DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELLS INCORPORATING MOLECULAR HOLE-TRANSPORTERS
    • USE OF GRAPHENE IN DYE SOLAR CELLS
      • TABLE 5: DSC PERFORMANCE OF DEVICES WITH GRAPHENE MATERIALS IN THE TIO2 LAYER COMPARED WITH CONTROL CELLS
    • PACKAGING OF DYE SOLAR CELLS
      • TABLE 6: COMPARISON OF PMPP DROP LOSSES BETWEEN DSC AND SI FOR TWO TEMPERATURE RANGES
    • SCALING UP TO COMMERCIAL DSC PRODUCTION LEVELS
      • TABLE 7: N719 DYE COST AS A FUNCTION OF VOLUME ($/G, KG)
    • DYE
      • TABLE 8: RUTHENIUM PRICE PER OZ PER YEAR, JANUARY 1999-MAY 2016 ($/OZ)
      • TABLE 9: GLOBAL DEMAND FOR RUTHENIUM, 2003-2013 (TONS/YEAR)
    • TIO2
    • ELECTROLYTE SYSTEMS
    • SUBSTRATES AND SUPERSTRATES
    • ELECTROCATALYST
      • TABLE 10: PLATINUM PRICE PER OZ PER YEAR, JANUARY 1999-MAY 2016 ($/OZ)
      • TABLE 11: GLOBAL DEMAND FOR PLATINUM, 2003-2013 (TONS/YEAR)
    • SEALANTS, CURRENT COLLECTORS AND BUSBARS
      • TABLE 12: SILVER PRICE PER OZ PER YEAR, APRIL 2005-APRIL 2016 ($/OZ)
      • TABLE 13: MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS AND COSTS FOR 100,000 M2 (7 MWP) DSC
    • LONG-TERM STABILITY - THE KEY TO INDUSTRIAL SUCCESS
      • TABLE 14: PRODUCTION OF ELECTRICITY (YEO) FOR A VIRTUAL ROOF-TOP DSC PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM INSTALLED IN CENTRAL EUROPE (20-YEAR TIME SPAN)
  • MANUFACTURING OF DYE SOLAR CELLS
  • COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS OF DYE SOLAR CELLS
    • BUILDING INTEGRATED APPLICATIONS (BIPV)
      • TABLE 15: GLOBAL MARKET FOR SILICON MONOCRYSTALLINE-BASED BIPV TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
      • TABLE 16: GLOBAL MARKET FOR SILICON POLYCRYSTALLINE-BASED BIPV TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
      • TABLE 17: GLOBAL MARKET FOR AMORPHOUS SILICON-BASED BIPV TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
      • TABLE 18: GLOBAL MARKET FOR CIGS-BASED BIPV TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
      • TABLE 19: GLOBAL MARKET FOR DSC-BASED BIPV TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 1: GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF INSTALLED PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER IN BIPV SECTOR BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014-2020 (%)
    • GRID-CONNECTED SOLAR FARMS
      • TABLE 20: GLOBAL MARKET FOR SILICON MONOCRYSTALLINE AND POLYCRYSTALLINE TECHNOLOGY USED IN POWER GRID-CONNECTED SOLAR FARMS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (GW)
      • TABLE 21: GLOBAL MARKET FOR AMORPHOUS SILICON TECHNOLOGY USED IN POWER GRID-CONNECTED SOLAR FARMS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (GW)
      • TABLE 22: GLOBAL MARKET FOR CIGS TECHNOLOGY USED IN POWER GRID-CONNECTED SOLAR FARMS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (GW)
      • TABLE 23: GLOBAL MARKET FOR ACCUMULATED POWER OF GRID-CONNECTED SOLAR FARMS OF DSCS TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (MW)
      • FIGURE 2: PRICES OF PV TECHNOLOGIES BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014-2020 ($/W)
      • FIGURE 3: GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF INSTALLED PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER OF GRID-CONNECTED SOLAR FARMS SECTOR BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014-2020 (%)
    • CONSUMER PRODUCTS
      • TABLE 24: GLOBAL MARKET FOR DSC-INTEGRATED CONSUMER PRODUCTS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 4: GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF DSC-INTEGRATED CONSUMER PRODUCT CONSUMPTION BY REGION, 2014-2020 (%)
    • REMOTE INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS
      • TABLE 25: GLOBAL MARKET FOR DSC-INTEGRATED REMOTE INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 5: GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR DSC-INTEGRATED REMOTE INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2014-2020 (%)
    • REMOTE COMMUNITY APPLICATIONS
      • TABLE 26: GLOBAL MARKET FOR DSC CONSUMPTION IN REMOTE COMMUNITY APPLICATIONS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 6: GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF DSC CONSUMPTION FOR REMOTE COMMUNITY APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2014-2020 (%)
    • FUTURE MARKET
  • HOW TO MAKE HIGH-EFFICIENCY DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELLS
    • TICL4 TREATMENTS
      • TABLE 27: CHARACTERISTICS OF NANOCRYSTALLINE TIO2 LAYERS WITH AND WITHOUT TICL4 TREATMENT
    • Effect of the Light-scattering TiCl4 Layer
      • TABLE 28: EFFECTS OF THE LIGHT-SCATTERING TICL4 LAYER
    • THICKNESS OF THE NANOCRYSTALLINE TIO2 LAYER
      • TABLE 29: CONVERSION EFFICIENCY OF DSC WITH TIO2 ANTI- REFLECTING FILM (%/UM)
  • ANTI-REFLECTING FILM
    • REPRODUCIBILITY OF DSC PHOTOVOLTAICS
      • TABLE 30: EFFICIENCIES OF 12 DSCS MADE WITH TECHNIQUES TO IMPROVE THE CONVERSION EFFICIENCY (NO./%)
  • CONCLUSION
    • SCALE-UP AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT STUDIES OF DSC IN ASIA AND EUROPE
      • TABLE 31: DSC APPLICATION AREAS UNDER DEVELOPMENT IN VARIOUS COUNTRIES
  • SCALING UP OF LABORATORY CELLS TO MODULES AND PANELS
    • Module Design Considerations
  • DSC DEVELOPMENT STUDIES IN VARIOUS EUROPEAN LABORATORIES
    • Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN)
    • Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems (Fraunhofer ISE)
      • TABLE 32: FRAUNHOFER ISE'S EFFICIENCY PARAMETERS FOR GLASS FRIT-BASED DSC
    • Dye Solar Modules for Facade Applications: Results from Project ColorSol
    • G24 Innovation
    • 3GSolar
  • DSC DEVELOPMENT STUDIES IN VARIOUS LABORATORIES IN JAPAN
    • TABLE 33: EFFICIENCY OF DSC LABORATORY CELLS, SUB-MODULES AND MODULES OBTAINED IN VARIOUS INDUSTRIAL LABORATORIES
    • Aisin Seiki Co. Ltd. and Toyota Central R&D Laboratories
    • Fujikura Ltd.
    • Peccell Technologies Inc.
    • Sharp Co. Ltd.
    • Sony Corp. Ltd.
    • Shimane Institute for Industrial Technology
    • TDK Co. Ltd.
    • Eneos Co. Ltd.
    • NGK Spark Plug Co. Ltd.
    • Panasonic Denko Co. Ltd.
    • Taiyo Yuden Co. Ltd.
    • Dai Nippon Printing Company
    • Mitsubishi Paper Mills and Sekisui Jushi Corp.
    • J-Power Co. Ltd. (Japan)
  • DSC DEVELOPMENT WORK IN SOUTH KOREA AND TAIWAN
    • Korean Institute of Science and Technology
    • Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute, South Korea
    • Samsung SDI, South Korea
    • Industrial Technology Research Institute of Taiwan (ITRI)
    • JTouch, Taiwan
  • DSC DEVELOPMENT WORK IN AUSTRALIA AND CHINA
    • Dyesol, Australia
    • Military Applications of DSCs
    • Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Science

CHAPTER 4 - GLOBAL MARKET FOR SOLAR TECHNOLOGY

  • SOLAR TECHNOLOGY: THE GLOBAL MARKET
    • TABLE 34: EVOLUTION OF WORLD TRADE IN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY, 2011-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 35: GLOBAL TRADE IN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY VS. GLOBAL TRADE, 2011-2014 (%)
    • TABLE 36: MAJOR IMPORTERS OF SOLAR TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 37: GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF THE MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY IMPORTERS BY COUNTRY, 2014 (%)
    • TABLE 38: JAPAN'S MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 39: GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF JAPAN'S MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2014 (%)
    • TABLE 40: CHINA'S MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 41: GLOBAL SHARE OF CHINA'S MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2014 (%)
    • TABLE 42: U.S.'S MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 43: GLOBAL SHARE OF U.S.'S MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2014 (%)
    • TABLE 44: HONG KONG'S MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 45: GLOBAL SHARE OF HONG KONG'S MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2014 (%)
    • TABLE 46: U.K.'S MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 47: GLOBAL SHARE OF U.K.'S MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2014 (%)
    • TABLE 48: MAJOR GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF SOLAR TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014 (%)
    • TABLE 49: VIETNAM'S MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 50: GLOBAL SOLAR TECHNOLOGY EXPORT SALES BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 51: GROWTH OF THE TOP 10 SOLAR TECHNOLOGY EXPORTERS BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014 (%)
    • TABLE 52: GLOBAL SHARE OF THE TOP 10 SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2014 (%)

CHAPTER 5 - DSC VERSUS ALTERNATIVE PV TECHNOLOGIES

  • TABLE 53: PERFORMANCE COMPARISON OF DSCS WITH OTHER PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGIES ON A SUNNY DAY (WH)
  • TABLE 54: PERFORMANCE COMPARISON OF DSCS WITH OTHER PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGIES ON A CLOUDY DAY (WH)
  • DSM MANUFACTURING COSTS
    • TABLE 55: MARKET PRICES OF DIFFERENT PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGIES (%, $)
    • TABLE 56: ESTIMATED COSTS FOR LARGE-SCALE MANUFACTURING OF 20 MW DSMS (%)
    • TABLE 57: ESTIMATED COSTS FOR VARIOUS MATERIALS USED TO FABRICATE 20 MW DSMS (%)
    • ADVANTAGES OF DSC TECHNOLOGY VS PREVIOUS TWO GENERATIONS
      • TABLE 58 EFFICIENCY COMPARISON OF VARIOUS TYPES OF DSCS (%)

CHAPTER 6 - DYE SOLAR MODULES-FROM LABORATORY TO COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT

  • TABLE 59: NUMBER OF PAPERS PUBLISHED ON MONOCRYSTALLINE SILICON TECHNOLOGY, JANUARY 2010-JUNE 2015 (NUMBER)
  • TABLE 60: NUMBER OF PAPERS PUBLISHED ON POLYCRYSTALLINE SILICON TECHNOLOGY, JANUARY 2010-JUNE 2015 (NUMBER)
  • TABLE 61: NUMBER OF PAPERS PUBLISHED ON AMORPHOUS SILICON TECHNOLOGY, JANUARY 2010-JUNE 2015 (NUMBER)
  • TABLE 62: NUMBER OF PAPERS PUBLISHED ON CIGS, JANUARY 2010-JUNE 2015 (NUMBER)
  • TABLE 63: NUMBER OF PAPERS PUBLISHED ON DSC, JANUARY 2010-JUNE 2015 (NUMBER)
  • FIGURE 7: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PAPERS ON DIFFERENT PV TECHNOLOGIES, JANUARY 2010-JUNE 2015 (NUMBER OF PAPERS)
  • TABLE 64: NUMBER OF PAPERS PUBLISHED ON DSMS
  • DYE SOLAR CELL/MODULES AS ELECTROCHROMIC WINDOWS
  • EMERGENCE OF DYE SOLAR MODULE BUSINESSES
    • TABLE 65 GLOBAL COMMERCIAL COMPANIES AND RESEARCH CENTERS THAT DEVELOP DYE SOLAR CELLS/MODULES

CHAPTER 7 - CURRENT RESEARCH ON DYE SOLAR MODULES

  • TABLE 66: EVOLUTION OF DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR MODULES, 1996-2015
  • FABRICATION PROCESSES OF DYE SOLAR MODULES
  • DESIGN CONFIGURATIONS OF DYE SOLAR MODULES
    • SERIES CONNECTIONS
      • Monolithic Design (S-type)
      • Z-type and W-type Interconnections
    • PARALLEL CONNECTION
    • BALL-GRID DSC
    • COMBINED SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED DSMS
      • TABLE 67: COMPARISON OF PV PERFORMANCE AND DEVICE DESIGNS OF DSMS

CHAPTER 8 - EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES AND PATENT EVALUATION

  • FABRICATION OF FLEXIBLE MODULES
  • EMERGENCE OF SOLID-STATE DSMS
  • DYE SOLAR PANELS (DSPS)
  • EMERGENCE OF ALTERNATIVE DESIGNS
    • DYE SOLAR MODULE DESIGNS WITH IMPROVED FF
    • AREA DEPENDENT CHARGE COLLECTION IN DSMS
      • TABLE 68: RELATION BETWEEN EFFICIENCY OF DSC WITH DEVICE AREA* (%/CM2)
      • DSM Stability Tests
    • THERMAL STABILITY OF DYES AND ELECTROLYTES
    • LONG-TERM STABILITY OF DSMS
    • REVERSE BIAS DEGRADATION OF DSMS
  • STANDARDS FOR DSMS
  • PEROVSKITE SOLAR CELLS
    • ASCENSION OF PEROVSKITE SOLAR CELLS
    • ENGINEERING THE DEPOSITION PROCESS
    • OPEN ISSUES AND PITFALLS
      • Stability
      • Toxicity
    • PLANAR VERSUS MESOSCOPIC ARCHITECTURES
    • OUTLOOK
      • TABLE 69: PEROVSKITE SOLAR CELLS PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS AND ROLE OF PEROVSKITE
  • TECHNOLOGY PATENT EVALUATION
    • CURRENT STATE OF TECHNOLOGY
      • TABLE 70: FUNCTIONALITY FOR THE SUCCESSFUL INDUSTRIAL PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT OF DYE SOLAR CELL MODULES
    • PATENTS ON PV TECHNOLOGIES
      • By Region
        • TABLE 71: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PATENTS FILED FOR MONOCRYSTALLINE SILICON TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, 2004-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
        • FIGURE 8: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PATENTS FILED FOR MONOCRYSTALLINE SILICON TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, 2004-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
        • TABLE 72: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PATENTS FILED FOR POLYCRYSTALLINE SILICON TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, 2004-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
        • FIGURE 9: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PATENTS FILED FOR POLYCRYSTALLINE SILICON TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, 2004-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
        • TABLE 73: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PATENTS FILED FOR AMORPHOUS SILICON TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, 2004-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
        • FIGURE 10: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PATENTS FILED FOR AMORPHOUS SILICON TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, 2004-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
        • TABLE 74: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PATENTS FILED FOR CIGS TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, 2004-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
        • FIGURE 11: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PATENTS FILED FOR CIGS TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, 2004-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
        • TABLE 75: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PATENTS FILED FOR DSC TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, 2004-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
        • FIGURE 12: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PATENTS FILED FOR DSC TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, 2004-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
        • FIGURE 13: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PATENTS FILED FOR PV TECHNOLOGIES BY TYPE, 2004-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
      • By Manufacturer/Research Institute
        • TABLE 76: NUMBER OF PATENTS FILED FOR DSC TECHNOLOGY BY COMPANY, 2004-2014

CHAPTER 9 - COMPANY PROFILES

  • 3G SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAICS LTD.
  • COMMONWEALTH SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH ORGANISATION (CSIRO)
    • PRINTABLE SOLAR CELLS
    • PEROVSKITE SOLAR CELLS
  • DYEPOWER
  • DYESOL LTD.
    • MILITARY APPLICATIONS OF DSCS
  • DYENAMO AB
  • ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE (EPFL)
  • ENEOS CO. LTD.
  • ENERGY RESEARCH CENTER OF THE NETHERLANDS (ECN)
  • EXEGER SWEDEN AB
  • FRAUNHOFER INSTITUTE FOR SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEMS (ISE)
  • FUJIKURA LTD.
  • G24 POWER LTD.
  • GUNZE LTD.
  • INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF TAIWAN (ITRI)
  • INSTITUTE OF PLASMA PHYSICS, CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
  • JTOUCH CORP.
  • KOREA INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (KIST)
  • MERCK KGAA
  • MITSUBISHI PAPER MILLS CO. LTD.
  • NGK SPARK PLUG CO. LTD.
  • OXFORD PHOTOVOLTAICS
    • SOLAR FARM
    • BIPV
  • PECCELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
  • RICOH LTD.
  • SAMSUNG SDI
  • SHARP CORP.
  • SHIMANE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
  • SOLARONIX SA
  • SONY U.K. TECHNOLOGY CENTRE
  • TAIYO YUDEN CO. LTD.
  • TATA STEEL EUROPE LTD.
  • TOYOTA/AISIN SEIKI CO. LTD.

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL MARKET FOR INSTALLED PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (MW/YEAR)
    • TABLE 1: SOLAR CONVERSION EFFICIENCY FOR VARIOUS PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS (SINGLE JUNCTION)*
    • TABLE 2: HIGHEST POWER-CONVERSION EFFICIENCIES OBTAINED USING DIFFERENT POLYPYRIDINE COMPLEXES OF RUTHENIUM
    • TABLE 3: PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF NATURAL DYE-BASED DSC
    • TABLE 4: PUBLICATIONS DEVOTED TO TIO2 AND ZNO FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC CONVERSION,1995-2014 (NUMBER OF PUBLICATIONS)
    • TABLE 5: DSC PERFORMANCE OF DEVICES WITH GRAPHENE MATERIALS IN THE TIO2 LAYER COMPARED WITH CONTROL CELLS
    • TABLE 6: COMPARISON OF PMPP DROP LOSSES BETWEEN DSC AND SI FOR TWO TEMPERATURE RANGES
    • TABLE 7: N719 DYE COST AS A FUNCTION OF VOLUME ($/G, KG)
    • TABLE 8: RUTHENIUM PRICE PER OZ PER YEAR, JANUARY 1999-MAY 2016 ($/OZ)
    • TABLE 9: GLOBAL DEMAND FOR RUTHENIUM, 2003-2013 (TONS/YEAR)
    • TABLE 10: PLATINUM PRICE PER OZ PER YEAR, JANUARY 1999-MAY 2016 ($/OZ)
    • TABLE 11: GLOBAL DEMAND FOR PLATINUM, 2003-2013 (TONS/YEAR)
    • TABLE 12: SILVER PRICE PER OZ PER YEAR, APRIL 2005-APRIL 2016 ($/OZ)
    • TABLE 13: MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS AND COSTS FOR 100,000 M2 (7 MWP) DSC
    • TABLE 14: PRODUCTION OF ELECTRICITY (YEO) FOR A VIRTUAL ROOF-TOP DSC PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM INSTALLED IN CENTRAL EUROPE (20-YEAR TIME SPAN)
    • TABLE 15: GLOBAL MARKET FOR SILICON MONOCRYSTALLINE-BASED BIPV TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 16: GLOBAL MARKET FOR SILICON POLYCRYSTALLINE-BASED BIPV TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 17: GLOBAL MARKET FOR AMORPHOUS SILICON-BASED BIPV TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 18: GLOBAL MARKET FOR CIGS-BASED BIPV TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 19: GLOBAL MARKET FOR DSC-BASED BIPV TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 20: GLOBAL MARKET FOR SILICON MONOCRYSTALLINE AND POLYCRYSTALLINE TECHNOLOGY USED IN POWER GRID-CONNECTED SOLAR FARMS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (GW)
    • TABLE 21: GLOBAL MARKET FOR AMORPHOUS SILICON TECHNOLOGY USED IN POWER GRID-CONNECTED SOLAR FARMS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (GW)
    • TABLE 22: GLOBAL MARKET FOR CIGS TECHNOLOGY USED IN POWER GRID-CONNECTED SOLAR FARMS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (GW)
    • TABLE 23: GLOBAL MARKET FOR ACCUMULATED POWER OF GRID-CONNECTED SOLAR FARMS OF DSCS TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (MW)
    • TABLE 24: GLOBAL MARKET FOR DSC-INTEGRATED CONSUMER PRODUCTS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 25: GLOBAL MARKET FOR DSC-INTEGRATED REMOTE INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 26: GLOBAL MARKET FOR DSC CONSUMPTION IN REMOTE COMMUNITY APPLICATIONS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 27: CHARACTERISTICS OF NANOCRYSTALLINE TIO2 LAYERS WITH AND WITHOUT TICL4 TREATMENT
    • TABLE 28: EFFECTS OF THE LIGHT-SCATTERING TICL4 LAYER
    • TABLE 29: CONVERSION EFFICIENCY OF DSC WITH TIO2 ANTI- REFLECTING FILM (%/UM)
    • TABLE 30: EFFICIENCIES OF 12 DSCS MADE WITH TECHNIQUES TO IMPROVE THE CONVERSION EFFICIENCY (NO./%)
    • TABLE 31: DSC APPLICATION AREAS UNDER DEVELOPMENT IN VARIOUS COUNTRIES
    • TABLE 32: FRAUNHOFER ISE'S EFFICIENCY PARAMETERS FOR GLASS FRIT-BASED DSC
    • TABLE 33: EFFICIENCY OF DSC LABORATORY CELLS, SUB-MODULES AND MODULES OBTAINED IN VARIOUS INDUSTRIAL LABORATORIES
    • TABLE 34: EVOLUTION OF WORLD TRADE IN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY, 2011-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 35: GLOBAL TRADE IN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY VS. GLOBAL TRADE, 2011-2014 (%)
    • TABLE 36: MAJOR IMPORTERS OF SOLAR TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 37: GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF THE MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY IMPORTERS BY COUNTRY, 2014 (%)
    • TABLE 38: JAPAN'S MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 39: GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF JAPAN'S MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2014 (%)
    • TABLE 40: CHINA'S MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 41: GLOBAL SHARE OF CHINA'S MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2014 (%)
    • TABLE 42: U.S.'S MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 43: GLOBAL SHARE OF U.S.'S MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2014 (%)
    • TABLE 44: HONG KONG'S MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 45: GLOBAL SHARE OF HONG KONG'S MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2014 (%)
    • TABLE 46: U.K.'S MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 47: GLOBAL SHARE OF U.K.'S MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2014 (%)
    • TABLE 48: MAJOR GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF SOLAR TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014 (%)
    • TABLE 49: VIETNAM'S MAIN SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 50: GLOBAL SOLAR TECHNOLOGY EXPORT SALES BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 51: GROWTH OF THE TOP 10 SOLAR TECHNOLOGY EXPORTERS BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014 (%)
    • TABLE 52: GLOBAL SHARE OF THE TOP 10 SOLAR TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS BY COUNTRY, 2014 (%)
    • TABLE 53: PERFORMANCE COMPARISON OF DSCS WITH OTHER PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGIES ON A SUNNY DAY (WH)
    • TABLE 54: PERFORMANCE COMPARISON OF DSCS WITH OTHER PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGIES ON A CLOUDY DAY (WH)
    • TABLE 55: MARKET PRICES OF DIFFERENT PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGIES (%, $)
    • TABLE 56: ESTIMATED COSTS FOR LARGE-SCALE MANUFACTURING OF 20 MW DSMS (%)
    • TABLE 57: ESTIMATED COSTS FOR VARIOUS MATERIALS USED TO FABRICATE 20 MW DSMS (%)
    • TABLE 58: EFFICIENCY COMPARISON OF VARIOUS TYPES OF DSCS (%)
    • TABLE 59: NUMBER OF PAPERS PUBLISHED ON MONOCRYSTALLINE SILICON TECHNOLOGY, JANUARY 2010-JUNE 2015 (NUMBER)
    • TABLE 60: NUMBER OF PAPERS PUBLISHED ON POLYCRYSTALLINE SILICON TECHNOLOGY, JANUARY 2010-JUNE 2015 (NUMBER)
    • TABLE 61: NUMBER OF PAPERS PUBLISHED ON AMORPHOUS SILICON TECHNOLOGY, JANUARY 2010-JUNE 2015 (NUMBER)
    • TABLE 62: NUMBER OF PAPERS PUBLISHED ON CIGS, JANUARY 2010-JUNE 2015 (NUMBER)
    • TABLE 63: NUMBER OF PAPERS PUBLISHED ON DSC, JANUARY 2010-JUNE 2015 (NUMBER)
    • TABLE 64: NUMBER OF PAPERS PUBLISHED ON DSMS
    • TABLE 65: GLOBAL COMMERCIAL COMPANIES AND RESEARCH CENTERS THAT DEVELOP DYE SOLAR CELLS/MODULES
    • TABLE 66: EVOLUTION OF DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR MODULES, 1996-2015
    • TABLE 67: COMPARISON OF PV PERFORMANCE AND DEVICE DESIGNS OF DSMS
    • TABLE 68: RELATION BETWEEN EFFICIENCY OF DSC WITH DEVICE AREA* (%/CM2)
    • TABLE 69: PEROVSKITE SOLAR CELLS PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS AND ROLE OF PEROVSKITE
    • TABLE 70: FUNCTIONALITY FOR THE SUCCESSFUL INDUSTRIAL PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT OF DYE SOLAR CELL MODULES
    • TABLE 71: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PATENTS FILED FOR MONOCRYSTALLINE SILICON TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, 2004-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
    • TABLE 72: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PATENTS FILED FOR POLYCRYSTALLINE SILICON TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, 2004-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
    • TABLE 73: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PATENTS FILED FOR AMORPHOUS SILICON TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, 2004-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
    • TABLE 74: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PATENTS FILED FOR CIGS TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, 2004-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
    • TABLE 75: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PATENTS FILED FOR DSC TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, 2004-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
    • TABLE 76: NUMBER OF PATENTS FILED FOR DSC TECHNOLOGY BY COMPANY, 2004-2014

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE: GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF INSTALLED PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014-2020 (%)
    • FIGURE 1: GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF INSTALLED PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER IN BIPV SECTOR BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014-2020 (%)
    • FIGURE 2: PRICES OF PV TECHNOLOGIES BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014-2020 ($/W)
    • FIGURE 3: GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF INSTALLED PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER OF GRID-CONNECTED SOLAR FARMS SECTOR BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014-2020 (%)
    • FIGURE 4: GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF DSC-INTEGRATED CONSUMER PRODUCT CONSUMPTION BY REGION, 2014-2020 (%)
    • FIGURE 5: GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR DSC-INTEGRATED REMOTE INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2014-2020 (%)
    • FIGURE 6: GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF DSC CONSUMPTION FOR REMOTE COMMUNITY APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2014-2020 (%)
    • FIGURE 7: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PAPERS ON DIFFERENT PV TECHNOLOGIES, JANUARY 2010-JUNE 2015 (NUMBER OF PAPERS)
    • FIGURE 8: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PATENTS FILED FOR MONOCRYSTALLINE SILICON TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, 2004-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
    • FIGURE 9: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PATENTS FILED FOR POLYCRYSTALLINE SILICON TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, 2004-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
    • FIGURE 10: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PATENTS FILED FOR AMORPHOUS SILICON TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, 2004-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
    • FIGURE 11: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PATENTS FILED FOR CIGS TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, 2004-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
    • FIGURE 12: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PATENTS FILED FOR DSC TECHNOLOGY BY REGION, 2004-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
    • FIGURE 13: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF PATENTS FILED FOR PV TECHNOLOGIES BY TYPE, 2004-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
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