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市場調查報告書

陶瓷與玻璃的溶膠凝膠法合成

Sol-Gel Processing of Ceramics and Glass

出版商 BCC Research 商品編碼 240764
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 191 Pages
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陶瓷與玻璃的溶膠凝膠法合成 Sol-Gel Processing of Ceramics and Glass
出版日期: 2014年06月25日 內容資訊: 英文 191 Pages
簡介

全球的溶膠凝膠製品市場在2013年達到16億美元。該市場預估在2014年將成長至17億美元,並於2014年至2019年以7.8%的年複合成長率(CAGR)擴大,至2019年成長為25億美元的市場規模。

本報告調查分析陶瓷與玻璃的溶膠凝膠法製品,並提供醇鹽溶膠凝膠法、水性溶膠凝膠法等的技術概要、主要的最終製品、終端使用者產業、終端使用者產業別的市場規模實績與預測、市場動向、主要企業的檔案資料等。

第1章 簡介

第2章 報告摘要

第3章 產業、市場概要

  • 美國市場
  • 全球市場
  • 競合
  • R&D
  • 美國的產業結構

第4章 技術概要

  • 歷史
  • 醇鹽溶膠凝膠法的概要
    • 優點
    • 缺點
  • 水性溶膠凝膠法
    • 傳統手法
    • 其他手法
  • 終端製品
    • 多孔性材料
    • 粉體
    • 塗布及薄膜
    • 玻璃
    • 塑製品
    • 纖維
    • 複合材料
    • 有機/無機合成物

第5章 用途與市場

  • 光學/光電
    • 塗布
    • 化學感測器
    • 固體染料雷射
    • 高功率雷射
    • 粉體雷射的奈米級媒介
    • 光纖與裝置
    • 照明/光源
    • 梯度折射率(GRIN)透鏡
  • 電子/電子光學
    • 鐵電薄膜
    • 介電膜
    • 電子粉末/元件
    • 電容
    • 基板
    • 封裝與裝置
    • 電磁
    • 超導體
    • 電極與電池
  • 結構/高溫
    • 研磨
    • 保護塗布
    • 隔熱
    • 耐火/高溫
  • 生物醫療
    • 牙科用黏著劑與填充劑
    • 生物活性玻璃
    • 化妝品
  • 化學
    • 觸媒
    • 核子
    • 分離膜與濾器
  • 其他
    • 裝飾塗布
    • 噴墨薄膜
    • 美術品保護的溶膠凝膠塗布

第6章 美國市場

  • 光學
  • 電子
  • 結構
  • 化學
  • 生物醫療

第7章 與海外的競合

  • 日本
  • 歐洲
  • 全球市場

第8章 附錄

  • 溶膠凝膠技術及製品的主要企業檔案資料

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目錄
Product Code: AVM016G

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

The total global market for sol-gel products was valued at $1.6 billion in 2013. This market is expected to grow to $1.7 billion in 2014 and $2.5 billion in 2019, a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.8% from 2014 to 2019.

This report provides:

  • An overview of the market for sol-gel processing of ceramics and glass, and related technologies.
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2013, estimates for 2014, and projections of CAGRs through 2019.
  • Information on the various commercial products made with the sol-gel process and their applications.
  • Identification of the technological and business issues related to the development and commercial production of these products.
  • Comprehensive profiles of major companies in the industry.

STUDY BACKGROUND

The term sol-gel was coined in the late 1800s. It generally refers to a low-temperature method (“sol” for solution) using chemical precursors that can produce ceramics and glass with higher purity and better homogeneity than high-temperature conventional processes. This process has been used to produce a wide range of compositions (mostly oxides) in various forms, including powders, fibers, coatings and thin films, monoliths and composites, and porous membranes. Organic/inorganic hybrids, in which a gel (usually silica) is impregnated with polymers or organic dyes to provide specific properties, also can be made.

One of the most attractive features of the sol-gel process is that it can produce compositions that cannot be created with conventional methods. Another benefit is that the mixing level of the solution is retained in the final product, often on the molecular scale.

The applications for sol-gel-derived products are numerous. One of the largest application areas is for coatings and thin films used in electronic, optical and electro-optic components and devices such as substrates, capacitors, memory devices, infrared (IR) detectors and waveguides. Antireflection coatings also are used for automotive and architectural applications. Protective and decorative coatings have been developed as well for glass, metal and other types of substrates.

Powders of single- and multicomponent compositions can be made with submicron particle size for structural, electronic, dental and biomedical applications. Composite powders have been patented for use as agrochemicals or herbicides. Fibers also can be spun or drawn from precursor solutions or coated with thin films. Both optical and refractory fibers are used for fiber optic sensors and thermal insulation. In addition, sol-gel can be used to infiltrate fiber preforms to make composites. Abrasives, used in a variety of finishing processes, are made using a sol-gel type process.

Glass monoliths/coatings and inorganic/organic hybrids have various potential optical applications including optical filters, chemical sensors, passive and nonlinear active waveguides, and lasers. Membranes for separation and filtration processes have been developed, as well as catalysts. More recently, biotechnology applications have been developed in which biomolecules (such as proteins, enzymes, antibodies, etc.) are incorporated into sol-gel matrices. Applications include monitoring of biochemical processes, environmental testing, food processing and drug delivery for medicine or agriculture. Other biomedical applications include coatings for metal implants and bone grafting materials. Cosmetic applications include sunscreen lotions and makeup that incorporate UV absorbers.

A previous BCC Research report published in 2012 analyzed potential markets and applications. Since then the industry has continued to develop, as the demand for existing sol-gel applications has expanded and new applications have been commercialized.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

This report is an update of the 2012 report, and its goal is to provide the reader with the most current information on the status of and markets for sol-gel technology.

Specific objectives of this report include:

  • To provide an overview of the various commercial products made with the sol-gel process and their applications.
  • To identify the technological and business issues related to the development and commercial production of sol-gel-derived products.
  • To analyze the domestic and foreign competition among companies involved with sol-gel products and competing products.
  • To determine the current size and future growth of the total U.S. and worldwide markets for sol-gel products and applications.
  • To identify and profile companies and other entities involved in the development and commercialization of sol-gel-derived products.

SCOPE AND FORMAT

The report provides a detailed technology review for sol-gel- derived products, including processing methods, properties and applications. Market analyses are provided for each application segment for the U.S. and the world.

ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS

This report is an update of an earlier (2006) report prepared by Dr. Thomas Abraham. Dr. Abraham was formerly vice president and director of the Advanced Materials Group of BCC Research. A graduate of Columbia University, Dr. Abraham worked for the University of Denver and Brookhaven National Laboratory prior to joining BCC Research. Dr. Abraham has been a frequent invited speaker on the state of the advanced material industries at American Ceramic Society (ACS) meetings as well as numerous other conferences and events held by various associations involved in the ceramics and advanced materials industries.

The analyst responsible for preparing this updated report is Andrew McWilliams, a partner in the Boston-based international technology and marketing consulting firm, 43rd Parallel LLC.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION

  • STUDY BACKGROUND
  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE
  • SCOPE AND FORMAT
  • METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES
  • ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
  • DISCLAIMER

CHAPTER 2 - EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • SUMMARY TABLE: U.S. AND WORLD MARKETS FOR SOL-GEL PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
  • SUMMARY FIGURE: U.S. AND WORLD MARKETS FOR SOL-GEL PRODUCTS, ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 3 - INDUSTRY AND MARKET OVERVIEW

  • U.S. MARKET
    • TABLE 1: FORECAST FOR THE U.S. SOL-GEL MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 1: U.S. SOL-GEL MARKET SHARES BY APPLICATION, 2013-2019 (%)
  • WORLD MARKET
    • TABLE 2: GLOBAL FORECAST FOR THE SOL-GEL PRODUCTS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 2: GLOBAL MARKET SHARE BY COUNTRY/REGION, 2013 AND 2019 (%)
  • COMPETITION
  • RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
  • U.S. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
    • TABLE 3: U.S. COMPANIES INVOLVED IN SOL-GEL

CHAPTER 4 - TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW

  • HISTORY
    • TABLE 4: CHRONOLOGICAL HIGHLIGHTS OF SOL-GEL PRODUCTS
    • TABLE 5: SELECTED COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS AND APPLICATIONS
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE ALKOXIDE SOL-GEL PROCESS
    • TABLE 6: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF THE CONVENTIONAL SOL-GEL PROCESS
  • ADVANTAGES
    • Lower Processing Temperatures
    • Lower Costs
    • Doping
      • TABLE 7: DOPANTS AND RESULTANT PROPERTIES
  • DISADVANTAGES
    • Long Processing Times
    • Preferential Hydrolysis
    • Cracking
    • Precursors
      • TABLE 8: CHEMAT TECHNOLOGY'S SOLUBLE POLYMERIC METAL ORGANIC OXOALKOXIDE PRECURSORS
    • Additives
  • THE AQUEOUS SOL-GEL PROCESS
    • THE CONVENTIONAL METHOD
      • Applications
    • OTHER METHODS
      • FIGURE 3: PROCESS FOR WATER-BASED ZIRCONIA SOLS
    • END PRODUCTS
      • FIGURE 4: GENERIC FLOWCHART OF THE SOL-GEL PROCESS
      • TABLE 9: CHARACTERISTICS OF SOL-GEL PRODUCTS
  • POROUS SOLIDS
    • POWDERS
      • TABLE 10: POWDER PRECURSORS AND RESULTANT COMPOSITIONS
      • Oxide Powders
        • FIGURE 5: FLOWCHART FOR THE FLAKE MANUFACTURING PROCESS
      • Pigments
        • FIGURE 6: FLOWCHART FOR MAKING VANADIUM-BASED PIGMENTS
        • FIGURE 7: PROCESS FOR MAKING PINK PIGMENTS
        • FIGURE 8: PROCESS FOR MAKING YELLOW-GREEN PIGMENTS
      • Nonoxide Powders
    • COATINGS AND THIN FILMS
      • TABLE 11: COATING PRECURSORS AND RESULTANT COMPOSITIONS
      • Application Methods
      • Dip-Coating
        • FIGURE 9: SCHEMATIC OF DIP-COATING
      • Spin Coating
        • FIGURE 10: SCHEMATIC OF SPIN COATING
      • Meniscus Coating
        • FIGURE 11: SCHEMATIC OF MENISCUS COATING
        • TABLE 12: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF SOL-GEL COATING METHODS
        • Other Methods
      • Thick Coatings
        • TABLE 13: PROCESSES FOR MAKING THICK COATINGS
      • Heat Treatments
        • TABLE 14: COMPARISON OF COATING METHODS
      • Process Parameters
        • Dense Coatings
          • TABLE 15: COATING THICKNESSES FOR A VARIETY OF COATINGS
          • FIGURE 12: SCHEMATIC OF LIQUID PHASE DEPOSITION
      • Porous Coatings
        • Coatings for Plastics
      • Applications
        • TABLE 16: APPLICATIONS OF SOL-GEL FILMS AND COATINGS
    • GLASS
      • TABLE 17: APPLICATIONS OF SOL-GEL GLASSES
      • Silica
        • Type V Silica
        • Type VI Silica
        • Doped Silica
      • Silicates
      • Nonsilicates
    • MONOLITHS
      • Aerogels
        • TABLE 18: TYPICAL PROPERTIES OF AEROGELS
        • TABLE 19: APPLICATIONS OF AEROGELS
      • Silica
        • Silica Nanocomposites
      • Other Oxides
      • Carbon Aerogels
        • TABLE 20: TYPICAL PROPERTIES OF STANDARD AEROGEL PRODUCTS
        • Controlling Properties
        • Limitations
        • Xerogels
      • Controlling Properties
      • Silicate and Ceramic Foams
      • Colloidal Inks That Form Self-Supporting Scaffolds through Robocasting
      • Hydrogel Nanoparticles for Optically Tunable Photonic Crystals
      • Monolithic Dry Gels Produced Using Sol-Gel Technology
    • FIBERS
      • Compositions
        • FIGURE 13: PROCESS FOR MAKING 3M CERAMIC FIBERS
        • TABLE 21: COMPARISON OF PROPERTIES OF COMMERCIAL REINFORCING FIBERS
      • Properties
    • COMPOSITES
      • FIGURE 14: COMPOSITE PROCESS INCORPORATING DIFFERENT
      • FIGURE 15: FLOWCHART FOR MAKING FIBER LAMINATE COMPOSITES
      • Control of Microstructure
        • TABLE 22: TAILORED COMPOSITES USING SOL-GEL
        • TABLE 23: MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF SOL-GEL COMPOSITES
      • Interfacial Coatings
        • TABLE 24: SOL-GEL COATINGS FOR FIBERS
      • Infiltration for Densification
        • TABLE 25: TYPICAL COMPOSITE PROPERTIES MADE FROM FREEZE GELATION
      • Glass Matrix
      • Ceramic Matrix
      • Nanocomposites
    • ORGANIC/INORGANIC HYBRIDS
      • Ormosils
      • Ormacers
      • Hybrid Systems
        • TABLE 26: ORGANIC/INORGANIC MATERIAL SYSTEMS AND PROPERTIES
      • Control of Properties
      • Other Methods
        • A New Sol-Gel Route to Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Materials

CHAPTER 5 - APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS

  • OPTICAL/OPTOELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 27: OPTICAL AND OPTO-ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS AND APPLICATIONS
    • FIGURE 16: SCHEMATIC OF THE EMBOSSING PROCESS
  • COATINGS
    • Antireflection/Solar Reflective Coatings
      • Automotive
      • Lasers
      • Solar Collectors and Solar Cells
        • FIGURE 17: SCHEMATIC OF TITANIA SOLAR CELL
      • Transparent Electronic Conducting Coatings
      • Flat Panel Displays
        • TABLE 28: PROPERTIES OF NHC SERIES FOR PROTECTION OF ELECTRODES
      • Electrochromic Coatings for Smart Windows
  • CHEMICAL SENSORS
    • pH Sensors
    • Metal Ion Sensors
    • Spectroelectrochemical Sensor
    • Biosensors
  • SOLID-STATE DYE LASERS
    • TABLE 29: SUMMARY OF SOL-GEL LASER SYSTEMS
  • HIGH-POWER LASERS
  • NANOMETER-RANGE MEDIA FOR POWDER LASERS
  • OPTICAL FIBERS AND DEVICES
    • Optical Fiber Overcladding
      • FIGURE 18: SCHEMATIC FOR MAKING OPTICAL FIBER
    • Waveguides
      • Fiber Amplifiers
    • Other Developments in Optical Fibers and Devices
      • Simax's Boron Doped Silica Material Reduces Panda Fiber Cost
      • Chemical Solution Gelation/Deposition for Optical Fibers and Devices
      • PHASIC Technology for Integrated Optics
      • Integrated Sol-Gel Fiber-Optic Sensors
  • LUMINESCENT LIGHT/POWER SOURCES
    • Fluorescent Lighting
    • Carbon-activated Phosphors
    • Phosphors for Flat and Plasma Displays
      • FIGURE 19: FLOW DIAGRAM FOR SRAL2O4: EU, DY VIA SOL-GEL
  • GRADIENT INDEX LENSES
    • TABLE 30: COMPARISON OF GRIN PROCESSING METHODS
  • OPTICAL MARKETS
  • ELECTRONIC/ELECTRO-OPTIC APPLICATIONS
    • FERROELECTRIC THIN FILMS
      • Applications
        • TABLE 31: MATERIALS AND APPLICATIONS FOR FERROELECTRIC THIN FILMS
      • Deposition Methods
      • Other Compositions
        • FIGURE 20: FLOWCHART OF SBT FILM PROCESS
      • Thick Films
    • DIELECTRIC THIN FILMS
    • ELECTRONIC POWDERS/COMPONENTS
      • FIGURE 21: METHOD FOR MAKING ZNO POWDERS
    • CAPACITORS
    • SUBSTRATES
    • PACKAGES AND DEVICES
    • MAGNETICS
    • SUPERCONDUCTORS
      • Powders
      • Thin and Thick Films
    • ELECTRODES AND BATTERIES
      • Membranes for Batteries
        • NASICON Thin Films for Batteries
        • Aerogels
    • ELECTRONIC MARKETS
  • STRUCTURAL AND HIGH-TEMPERATURE APPLICATIONS
    • ABRASIVES
      • 3M's Cubitron
        • FIGURE 22: SCHEMATIC OF CUBITRON 321 PROCESS
        • TABLE 32: COMPARISON OF ABRASIVE PROPERTIES
      • Saint-Gobain
        • TABLE 33: ADVANTAGES OF SG WHEELS
      • Other Abrasives
    • PROTECTIVE COATINGS
      • FIGURE 23: PROCESS FOR MAKING SILICA-TITANIA FILMS
      • Other Developments
        • Sol-Gel Techniques Help to Form Hybrid Glass Coatings
        • Sol-Gel Route for the Protection of Carbon in Hot Oxidizing Atmosphere
        • High-Temperature Insulation of Wires and Thermocouples
        • Pink Colored Film for Automobile Windows Using Sol-Gel Process
        • Sol-Gel-Derived Abrasion-Resistant Coatings with a Long Shelf Life
        • Abrasion-Resistant Optical Coatings
    • THERMAL INSULATION
      • Aerogel Windows
      • Lumira Insulation
      • Flexible Aerogel Blanket
      • Cryogenic Insulation
      • Solar Collectors
        • TABLE 34: ANNUAL PERFORMANCE OF FLAT SOLAR COLLECTORS
      • Replacement for CFC Insulating Foams
    • REFRACTORY/HIGH TEMPERATURE
      • Fibers
        • TABLE 35: PROPERTIES OF NEXTEL FIBERS
        • TABLE 36: APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS FOR NEXTEL FIBERS
      • Heat Exchangers and Related Applications
        • TABLE 37: STRENGTH OF TECHNIWEAVE COMPOSITES
  • BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS
    • DENTAL SEALANTS AND FILLERS
    • BIOACTIVE GLASSES
      • TABLE 38: APPLICATIONS OF BIOACTIVE GLASSES AND GLASS-CERAMICS
      • Bioactive Phosphates
      • Encapsulation of Living Cells
        • Micro-Encapsulation and Delivery
    • COSMETIC APPLICATIONS
  • CHEMICAL APPLICATIONS
    • CATALYSTS
      • TABLE 39: MATERIAL SYSTEMS AND APPLICATIONS FOR CATALYSTS
    • NUCLEAR APPLICATIONS
    • SEPARATION MEMBRANES AND FILTERS
      • TABLE 40: TYPICAL APPLICATIONS OF CERAMIC MEMBRANES
      • FIGURE 24: PROCESS FLOWCHARTS FOR MAKING SOL-GEL MEMBRANES
  • OTHER APPLICATIONS
    • DECORATIVE COATINGS
      • TABLE 41: COMPARISON OF DECORATIVE COATINGS
    • INK JET FILM FOR TRANSPARENCIES
    • SOL-GEL COATINGS FOR ART CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 6 - OVERALL U.S. MARKETS

  • OPTICAL APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 42: FORECAST FOR THE U.S. OPTICAL APPLICATIONS MARKET, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
  • ELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 43: U.S. MARKETS FOR SOL-GEL IN ELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
  • STRUCTURAL APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 44: FORECAST FOR THE U.S. STRUCTURAL APPLICATIONS MARKET, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
  • CHEMICAL APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 45: FORECAST FOR THE U.S. CHEMICAL APPLICATIONS MARKET, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
  • BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 46: FORECAST FOR THE U.S. BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS MARKET, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 7 - FOREIGN COMPETITION

  • JAPAN
    • TABLE 47: SOL-GEL PRODUCTS COMMERCIALIZED IN JAPAN
  • EUROPE
    • WORLD MARKETS
      • TABLE 48: GLOBAL FORECAST FOR THE SOL-GEL PRODUCTS MARKET, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 8 - APPENDIX

  • PROFILES OF SELECTED COMPANIES IN THE BUSINESS OF SOL-GEL TECHNOLOGIES AND PRODUCTS
    • AJJER, LLC
    • ALBANY INTERNATIONAL TECHNIWEAVE INC.
    • ASPEN AEROGELS INC.
    • CABOT CORP.
    • CALIFORNIA HARDCOATING CO.
    • CERAMEM CORP.
    • CHEMAT TECHNOLOGY INC.
    • CLEVELAND CRYSTALS INC.
    • COOPER BUSSMAN
    • CORNING INC.
    • DOW CORNING CORP.
    • EASTMAN KODAK
    • E.I. DUPONT DE NEMOURS & CO. INC.
    • FORD MOTOR CO.
    • FUELCELL ENERGY
    • GELEST INC.
    • HYBRID GLASS TECHNOLOGIES
    • LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY
    • LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL LABORATORY
    • LIFE TECHNOLOGIES CORP.
    • LIGHT PATH TECHNOLOGIES INC.
    • MAGNA INTERNATIONAL INC.
    • MARKETECH INTERNATIONAL INC.
    • MARSHALL SPACE FLIGHT CTR.
    • MATECH
    • MATERIALS MODIFICATION INC.
    • NANOPORE INCORPORATED
    • NEO MATERIAL TECHNOLOGIES
    • OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY
    • OCEAN OPTICS
    • PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
    • PPG INDUSTRIES INC.
    • RATH INC.
    • READE ADVANCED MATERIALS
    • SAINT-GOBAIN ABRASIVES INC.
    • SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORIES (SNL)
    • SOL-GEL TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
    • SOLGENE THERAPEUTICS, LLC
    • TAASI CORP.
    • 3M COMPANY
    • TPL INC.
    • YTC AMERICA INC.

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE: U.S. AND WORLD MARKETS FOR SOL-GEL PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 1: FORECAST FOR THE U.S. SOL-GEL MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 2: GLOBAL FORECAST FOR THE SOL-GEL PRODUCTS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 3: U.S. COMPANIES INVOLVED IN SOL-GEL
    • TABLE 4: CHRONOLOGICAL HIGHLIGHTS OF SOL-GEL PRODUCTS
    • TABLE 5: SELECTED COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS AND APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 6: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF THE CONVENTIONAL SOL-GEL PROCESS
    • TABLE 7: DOPANTS AND RESULTANT PROPERTIES
    • TABLE 8: CHEMAT TECHNOLOGY'S SOLUBLE POLYMERIC METAL ORGANIC OXOALKOXIDE PRECURSORS
    • TABLE 9: CHARACTERISTICS OF SOL-GEL PRODUCTS
    • TABLE 10: POWDER PRECURSORS AND RESULTANT COMPOSITIONS
    • TABLE 11: COATING PRECURSORS AND RESULTANT COMPOSITIONS
    • TABLE 12: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF SOL-GEL COATING METHODS
    • TABLE 13: PROCESSES FOR MAKING THICK COATINGS
    • TABLE 14: COMPARISON OF COATING METHODS
    • TABLE 15: COATING THICKNESSES FOR A VARIETY OF COATINGS
    • TABLE 16: APPLICATIONS OF SOL-GEL FILMS AND COATINGS
    • TABLE 17: APPLICATIONS OF SOL-GEL GLASSES
    • TABLE 18: TYPICAL PROPERTIES OF AEROGELS
    • TABLE 19: APPLICATIONS OF AEROGELS
    • TABLE 20: TYPICAL PROPERTIES OF STANDARD AEROGEL PRODUCTS
    • TABLE 21: COMPARISON OF PROPERTIES OF COMMERCIAL REINFORCING FIBERS
    • TABLE 22: TAILORED COMPOSITES USING SOL-GEL
    • TABLE 23: MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF SOL-GEL COMPOSITES
    • TABLE 24: SOL-GEL COATINGS FOR FIBERS
    • TABLE 25: TYPICAL COMPOSITE PROPERTIES MADE FROM FREEZE GELATION
    • TABLE 26: ORGANIC/INORGANIC MATERIAL SYSTEMS AND PROPERTIES
    • TABLE 27: OPTICAL AND OPTO-ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS AND APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 28: PROPERTIES OF NHC SERIES FOR PROTECTION OF ELECTRODES
    • TABLE 29: SUMMARY OF SOL-GEL LASER SYSTEMS
    • TABLE 30: COMPARISON OF GRIN PROCESSING METHODS
    • TABLE 31: MATERIALS AND APPLICATIONS FOR FERROELECTRIC THIN FILMS
    • TABLE 32: COMPARISON OF ABRASIVE PROPERTIES
    • TABLE 33: ADVANTAGES OF SG WHEELS
    • TABLE 34: ANNUAL PERFORMANCE OF FLAT SOLAR COLLECTORS
    • TABLE 35: PROPERTIES OF NEXTEL FIBERS
    • TABLE 36: APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS FOR NEXTEL FIBERS
    • TABLE 37: STRENGTH OF TECHNIWEAVE COMPOSITES
    • TABLE 38: APPLICATIONS OF BIOACTIVE GLASSES AND GLASS-CERAMICS
    • TABLE 39: MATERIAL SYSTEMS AND APPLICATIONS FOR CATALYSTS
    • TABLE 40: TYPICAL APPLICATIONS OF CERAMIC MEMBRANES
    • TABLE 41: COMPARISON OF DECORATIVE COATINGS
    • TABLE 42: FORECAST FOR THE U.S. OPTICAL APPLICATIONS MARKET, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 43: U.S. MARKETS FOR SOL-GEL IN ELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 44: FORECAST FOR THE U.S. STRUCTURAL APPLICATIONS MARKET, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 45: FORECAST FOR THE U.S. CHEMICAL APPLICATIONS MARKET, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 46: FORECAST FOR THE U.S. BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS MARKET, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 47: SOL-GEL PRODUCTS COMMERCIALIZED IN JAPAN
    • TABLE 48: GLOBAL FORECAST FOR THE SOL-GEL PRODUCTS MARKET, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE: U.S. AND WORLD MARKETS FOR SOL-GEL PRODUCTS, ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 1: U.S. SOL-GEL MARKET SHARES BY APPLICATION, 2013-2019 (%)
    • FIGURE 2: GLOBAL MARKET SHARE BY COUNTRY/REGION, 2013 AND 2019 (%)
    • FIGURE 3: PROCESS FOR WATER-BASED ZIRCONIA SOLS
    • FIGURE 4: GENERIC FLOWCHART OF THE SOL-GEL PROCESS
    • FIGURE 5: FLOWCHART FOR THE FLAKE MANUFACTURING PROCESS
    • FIGURE 6: FLOWCHART FOR MAKING VANADIUM-BASED PIGMENTS
    • FIGURE 7: PROCESS FOR MAKING PINK PIGMENTS
    • FIGURE 8: PROCESS FOR MAKING YELLOW-GREEN PIGMENTS
    • FIGURE 9: SCHEMATIC OF DIP-COATING
    • FIGURE 10: SCHEMATIC OF SPIN COATING
    • FIGURE 11: SCHEMATIC OF MENISCUS COATING
    • FIGURE 12: SCHEMATIC OF LIQUID PHASE DEPOSITION
    • FIGURE 13: PROCESS FOR MAKING 3M CERAMIC FIBERS
    • FIGURE 14: COMPOSITE PROCESS INCORPORATING DIFFERENT
    • FIGURE 15: FLOWCHART FOR MAKING FIBER LAMINATE COMPOSITES
    • FIGURE 16: SCHEMATIC OF THE EMBOSSING PROCESS
    • FIGURE 17: SCHEMATIC OF TITANIA SOLAR CELL
    • FIGURE 18: SCHEMATIC FOR MAKING OPTICAL FIBER
    • FIGURE 19: FLOW DIAGRAM FOR SRAL2O4: EU, DY VIA SOL-GEL
    • FIGURE 20: FLOWCHART OF SBT FILM PROCESS
    • FIGURE 21: METHOD FOR MAKING ZNO POWDERS
    • FIGURE 22: SCHEMATIC OF CUBITRON 321 PROCESS
    • FIGURE 23: PROCESS FOR MAKING SILICA-TITANIA FILMS
    • FIGURE 24: PROCESS FLOWCHARTS FOR MAKING SOL-GEL MEMBRANES
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