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市場調查報告書

能源·資源市場調查檢討:2015年

2015 Energy and Resources Research Review

出版商 BCC Research 商品編碼 224400
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 133 Pages
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能源·資源市場調查檢討:2015年 2015 Energy and Resources Research Review
出版日期: 2016年01月11日 內容資訊: 英文 133 Pages
簡介

全球太陽能電池 (PV) 模組的市場寫下了2013年326億美元、2014年346億美元規模的記錄。預測2014年到2019年將以-4.8%的年複合成長率推移,到2019年縮小到270億美元的規模。

本報告選定BCC Research在2015年出版的報告中之特定調查類別 (PV系統·CCUS·再生能源·公共事業規模的電力貯存技術·BIPV)之報告,彙整各種技術現況與開發趨勢,相關法律以及其他市場影響因素分析,今後的市場展望等資訊。

第1章 太陽能光電發電 (PV) 系統的全球市場和各種 (REPORT EGY014J)

  • 簡介
  • 摘要
  • 概要
    • 目前環境
    • 能源需求的持續擴大
    • 由於氣候變動,替代能源的必要性
    • 由於預備燃料量不足,再生能源的必要性
    • 太陽能的需求
    • PV技術
    • PV的用途
    • 市場:各技術
    • 市場:各地區
    • 累積安裝數

第2章 碳回收·利用·儲存 (CCUS) 技術 (REPORT EGY037D)

  • 簡介
  • 摘要
  • 概要
    • 氣候變動相關政策·法律規章
  • 京都協定
    • 碳價格
  • CO2利用 vs 儲存
    • CO2商品市場
    • 新用途和CO2活用
    • CO2儲存
    • 技術的檢驗
    • 燃燒後回收系統
    • 燃燒前回收系統
    • 氧燃燒系統
    • 本質性分離
    • CO2回收技術
    • CO2轉換技術
  • 課題·市場機會
    • 技術進步的必要性
    • 政策的獎勵&支援
    • BECCS
    • 產品·收益相關多樣性
    • 產業部門上CCS的重要性

第3章 再生能源各種技術和全球市場 (REPORT EGY049C)

  • 簡介
  • 摘要
  • 再生能源市場分析
  • 市場影響因素
    • 二氧化碳排放級數的增加
    • 善意的法律制度
    • 再生能源市場區分
  • 再生能源市場發展的過程
    • 設備容量
  • 電力需求的增加
  • 可再生能源發電的全球性藍圖
    • 再生能源資源相關法規
    • 獎勵的機制

第4章 公共事業規模的電力貯存技術:全球市場 (REPORT EGY056C)

  • 簡介
  • 摘要
  • 概要
  • 公共事業規模的電力貯存技術
  • 簡史
  • ESS產業整體課題
  • 大規模ESS的實行的課題
  • 成本·經濟繼續存在性
  • 公共事業規模的電力貯存技術的優點
    • 電力網上的優點
    • 經濟優點
  • 公共事業規模的電力貯存技術的缺點
    • 物理性規定·用地必要條件
    • 水利用
    • 環境問題
    • 能源的損失與貯存
    • 經濟風險
  • 公共事業規模的電力貯存技術·系統組件
    • 抽蓄水力貯存
    • 重力式電源模組抽蓄水力貯存
    • 壓縮空氣能源貯存 (CAES)
    • 公共事業的利用
    • 新的公共事業規模的電力貯存技術
    • 小規模技術·新興技術概要
    • 重要的新興技術·市場支援的潛在力相關概要

第5章 建築一體化PV (BIPV) 的各種技術·全球市場 (REPORT EGY072B)

  • 簡介
  • 摘要
  • BIPV的崛起與新地區的分佈
  • BIPV市場演進
  • BIPV的成功策略
  • 概要

圖表

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目錄
Product Code: EGY095D

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

  • The global photovoltaic (PV) modules market was valued at $32.6 billion in 2013 and $34.6 billion in 2014. This market is expected to decrease to $27 billion by 2019, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of -4.8% from 2014 to 2019.
  • The yearly and cumulative investment spending by separation technology was$ 6.8 billion in 2014. It is estimated that the spending will be $6.8 billion in 2015 and $1 billion in 2019, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of -32%.
  • In terms of revenue, the global renewable energy market (excluding biofuels) reached $432.7 billion in 2013 and $476.3 billion in 2014. This market is expected to increase to $777.6 billion in 2019, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10.3% from 2014 to 2019.

REPORT SCOPE

Research Reviews from BCC Research provide market professionals with concise market coverage within a specific research category. These Research Reviews include portions of several market research reports that were published in 2015, and are an efficient way for market professionals to keep up with the general market developments of 2015.

Please note that page references in the text are to pages in the original, complete report, and do not reflect the actual page numbers in this Research Review.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 - GLOBAL MARKETS AND TECHNOLOGIES FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS (REPORT EGY014J)

  • INTRODUCTION
    • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
    • REASONS FOR DOING THIS STUDY
    • INTENDED AUDIENCE
    • SCOPE OF REPORT
    • METHODOLOGY
    • INFORMATION SOURCES
    • ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
    • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • SUMMARY
    • TABLE 1 GLOBAL PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ BILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 1 GLOBAL PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES MARKET BY REGION, 2013-2019 ($ BILLIONS)
  • OVERVIEW
    • CURRENT ENVIRONMENT
      • TABLE 2 THE GLOBAL ENERGY PROBLEM
    • DEMAND FOR ENERGY CONTINUES TO GROW
    • CLIMATE CHANGE NEEDS ALTERNATIVE ENERGY
    • INADEQUATE FUEL RESERVES CALL FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY
    • NEED FOR SOLAR POWER
      • TABLE 3 ADVANTAGES OF SOLAR ENERGY
    • PV TECHNOLOGIES
      • TABLE 4 OVERVIEW OF PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGIES
    • PV APPLICATIONS
      • TABLE 5 KEY APPLICATIONS OF PHOTOVOLTAICS
    • MARKET BY TECHNOLOGY
      • TABLE 6 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES SHIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY GENERATION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
    • MARKET BY REGION
      • TABLE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES SHIPMENT BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
      • FIGURE 2 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES SHIPMENT BY REGION, 2014 AND 2019 (%)
    • CUMULATIVE INSTALLATIONS
      • TABLE 8 CUMULATIVE INSTALLATIONS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES BY REGION, 2010--2019 (GW/%)
      • FIGURE 3 CUMULATIVE INSTALLATIONS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES BY REGION, 2010-2019 (%)

CHAPTER 2 - CARBON CAPTURE, UTILIZATION AND STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES (REPORT EGY037D)

  • INTRODUCTION
    • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
    • REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
    • SCOPE OF REPORT
    • METHODOLOGY
    • INTENDED AUDIENCE
    • INFORMATION SOURCES
    • ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
    • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • SUMMARY
    • TABLE 9 YEARLY AND CUMULATIVE INVESTMENT SPENDING BY SEPARATION TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ BILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 4 YEARLY AND CUMULATIVE INVESTMENT SPENDING BY SEPARATION TECHNOLOGY, 2014-2019 ($ BILLIONS)
  • OVERVIEW
    • CLIMATE POLICIES AND REGULATION
      • TABLE 10 CO2 EMISSIONS BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (BILLION TONS)
      • TABLE 11 GHG REDUCTION TARGETS 2020 BY COUNTRY/ REGION
  • KYOTO AGREEMENT
    • CARBON PRICING
      • TABLE 12 CARBON PRICE BY COUNTRY ($ PER TON OF CO2)
  • CO2 USE VERSUS CO2 STORAGE
    • CO2 MERCHANT MARKET
      • TABLE 13 MERCHANT CO2 DEMAND (INCLUDING EOR) BY END USE (%)
    • EMERGING USES AND CO2 UTILIZATION
    • CO2 STORAGE
    • TECHNOLOGIES EXAMINED
    • POST-COMBUSTION CAPTURE SYSTEMS
    • PRE-COMBUSTION CAPTURE SYSTEMS
    • OXY-FUEL COMBUSTION SYSTEMS
    • INHERENT SEPARATION
    • CO2 CAPTURE TECHNOLOGIES
      • TABLE 14 OVERVIEW CAPTURE OPTIONS BY SEPARATION TECHNOLOGY
      • Absorption
        • FIGURE 5 DEVELOPMENT STATUS OF SOLVENT ABSORPTION TECHNOLOGIES FOR CO2 CAPTURE
      • Adsorption
        • FIGURE 6 DEVELOPMENT STATUS OF GAS ADSORPTION TECHNOLOGIES FOR CO
    • CAPTURE
      • Membranes
        • FIGURE 7 DEVELOPMENT STATUS OF MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGIES FOR CO
    • CAPTURE
      • Chemical Looping
      • Cryogenic Separation
    • CO2 CONVERSION TECHNOLOGIES
      • Photochemical Reduction
      • Electrochemical Reduction (ERC)
      • CO2 Hydrogenation
      • Biological Conversion
  • CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES
    • TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES NEEDED
    • POLICY INCENTIVES AND SUPPORT
      • Strong, Sustainable Emissions Reduction Policies
      • CCS Regulation Uncertainties to be Addressed
      • R&D Programs
      • Efforts toward Increase of Public Understanding and Acceptance of CCS technology
      • Transport and Storage Infrastructure
    • BECCS
    • PRODUCT AND REVENUE DIVERSIFICATION
    • IMPORTANCE OF CCS IN INDUSTRIAL SECTORS

CHAPTER 3 - RENEWABLE ENERGY: TECHNOLOGIES AND GLOBAL MARKETS (REPORT EGY049C)

  • INTRODUCTION
    • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
    • REASONS FOR THE STUDY
    • SCOPE OF THE REPORT
    • INTENDED AUDIENCE
    • METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES
    • ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
    • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • SUMMARY
    • TABLE 15 GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY (EXCLUDING BIOFUELS) INSTALLED CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
    • FIGURE 8 GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY (EXCLUDING BIOFUELS) INSTALLED CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2019 (GW)
    • TABLE 16 GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY (EXCLUDING BIOFUELS) MARKET REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 9 GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY (EXCLUDING BIOFUELS) MARKET REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
  • RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKET ANALYSIS
    • TABLE 17 GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY (EXCLUDING BIOFUELS) INSTALLED CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2019 (GW/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 18 GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY (EXCLUDING BIOFUELS) INSTALLED CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
    • TABLE 19 GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY (EXCLUDING BIOFUELS) MARKET REVENUE BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
  • RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKET DETERMINANTS
    • GROWTH OF CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSION LEVELS
      • FIGURE 10 GLOBAL CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSION LEVELS, 2006-2012 (BILLION METRIC TONS)
    • FAVORABLE REGULATIONS
      • Green-e Marketplace
      • LEED Certification Program
      • EPA Green Power Partnership
      • EPA Climate Leaders
    • RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKET SEGMENTATION
      • FIGURE 11 RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKET SEGMENTS
  • HISTORY OF THE RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKET
    • RENEWABLE ENERGY INSTALLED CAPACITY
      • TABLE 20 GLOBAL RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY INSTALLED CAPACITY BY RESOURCE, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
      • FIGURE 12 GLOBAL RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY INSTALLED CAPACITY SHARE BY RESOURCE, 2013 AND 2019 (%)
  • GROWTH IN ELECTRICITY DEMAND
  • GLOBAL ROADMAPS FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY GENERATION
    • LEGISLATION FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES
    • INCENTIVE MECHANISMS

CHAPTER 4 - UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES: GLOBAL MARKETS (REPORT EGY056C)

  • INTRODUCTION
    • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
    • REASONS FOR COMPLETING THIS STUDY
    • INTENDED AUDIENCE
    • CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE STUDY AND FOR WHOM
    • SCOPE OF REPORT AND METHODOLOGY
    • GLOBAL MARKET
      • TABLE 21 LIST OF GLOBAL MARKETS CONSIDERED IN THIS STUDY
    • METHODOLOGY
      • TABLE 22 RESEARCH INFORMATION SOURCES
    • INFORMATION SOURCES
    • ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
    • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
    • SUMMARY
      • TABLE 23 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGY CAPITAL EXPENDITURE (CAPEX) BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 13 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGY CAPEX BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • OVERVIEW
      • TABLE 24 UES TECHNOLOGIES (MW)
    • UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
    • BRIEF HISTORY
    • OVERALL CHALLENGES FOR THE EES INDUSTRY
    • CHALLENGES FOR IMPLEMENTING LARGE-SCALE EES
    • COSTS AND ECONOMIC VIABILITY
      • PUMPED HYDROLOGIC STORAGE
      • COMPRESSED AIR ENERGY STORAGE
      • BATTERY ENERGY STORAGE
        • TABLE 25 MAIN MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS (MW, MWH, $/KWH)
  • BENEFITS OF UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
    • GRID BENEFITS
      • Load Leveling
        • FIGURE 14 STYLIZED REPRESENTATION OF A DAILY LOAD CURVE
      • Capacity Factor/Dispatch for Intermittent Renewables
      • Peaking Power Support
    • OFFSET OF NEEDED PEAKING POWER GENERATION CAPACITY
    • OFFSET OF NEEDED RENEWABLE GENERATION CAPACITY
    • ECONOMIC BENEFITS
      • Energy Arbitrage
      • Investment Deferral
    • RENEWABLE ENERGY DISPATCH AND TIMING BENEFITS
      • FIGURE 15 EXAMPLE OF OFFSET RENEWABLE GENERATION: WIND GENERATION, CALIFORNIA (MW)
  • DRAWBACKS OF UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
    • PHYSICAL CONSTRAINTS AND LAND REQUIREMENTS
    • WATER USE
    • ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS
    • ENERGY LOSS DURING STORAGE
    • ECONOMIC RISK
  • DESCRIPTION OF UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES AND SYSTEM COMPONENTS
    • PUMPED HYDROLOGIC STORAGE
      • FIGURE 16 SALINA (OKLAHOMA) PUMPED STORAGE PROJECT
      • FIGURE 17 PHS SYSTEM UTILIZES SEAWATER, OKINAWA, JAPAN
      • FIGURE 18 EXCAVATED PHS CONCEPT
      • Pumps and Turbines
        • FIGURE 19 CROSS-SECTION OF A REVERSIBLE PUMP TURBINE
        • FIGURE 20 REVERSIBLE PUMP TURBINE DURING ASSEMBLY
        • FIGURE 21 GENERATOR FOR A REVERSIBLE PUMP TURBINE
    • GRAVITY POWER MODULE PUMPED HYDRO STORAGE
      • FIGURE 22 CROSS-SECTION OF GRAVITY POWER MODULE (GPM) SYSTEM
    • COMPRESSED AIR ENERGY STORAGE
      • FIGURE 23 HUNTORF CAES
      • FIGURE 24 MCINTOSH CAES
      • FIGURE 25 SCHEMATIC REPRESENTATION OF A CAES SYSTEM
      • Air Compressors
        • FIGURE 26 AXIAL AIR COMPRESSOR (LEFT) AND RADIAL AIR COMPRESSOR (RIGHT)
      • Intercoolers and Aftercoolers
      • Recuperators
      • Expanders
        • FIGURE 27 AIR EXPANDER
      • Gas Turbine
        • FIGURE 28 STANDARD GAS TURBINE WITH COMPRESSOR SECTION
      • Generators
        • FIGURE 29 MCINTOSH GAS TURBINE (BOTTOM), GENERATOR (TOP) AND EXHAUST (RIGHT)
    • UTILITY APPLICATIONS
      • TABLE 26 UTILITY APPLICATIONS OF PHS, CAES AND BES
    • EMERGING UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
      • FIGURE 30 COMPARISON OF PHS, CAES, BES AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES
    • OVERVIEW OF SMALL-SCALE AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES
      • FIGURE 31 MATURITY STAGE OF ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS
      • CAES Heat Storage and Advanced Adiabatic CAES
      • Flow Batteries
        • FIGURE 32 FLOW BATTERY SYSTEM
      • Lead-Acid Batteries
      • Lithium-Ion Batteries
      • Sodium-Sulfur Battery Systems
      • Vanadium Redox Battery Systems
      • Zinc-Bromine Battery Systems
      • Ultracapacitors
      • Flywheels
    • REVIEW OF RELEVANT EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES AND POTENTIAL FOR MARKET READINESS
      • FIGURE 33 COMPARISON OF PHS, CAES AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES

CHAPTER 5 - BUILDING-INTEGRATED PHOTOVOLTAICS (BIPV): TECHNOLOGIES AND GLOBAL MARKETS (REPORT EGY072B)

  • INTRODUCTION
    • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
    • REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
    • SCOPE OF REPORT
    • METHODOLOGY
    • INTENDED AUDIENCE
    • INFORMATION SOURCES
    • ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
    • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • SUMMARY
  • EMERGENCE OF BIPV AND NEW GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION
    • TABLE 27 GLOBAL BIPV REVENUE TO PHOTOVOLTAIC MANUFACTURERS BY BIPV APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 34 GLOBAL BIPV REVENUE TO PHOTOVOLTAIC MANUFACTURERS BY BIPV APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
  • EVOLVING BIPV MARKETPLACES
    • ENTER PEROVSKITE
    • GO WHERE THEY ARE AND WHERE THEY CANNOT GO
    • SHIFT THE LOAD
  • STRATEGIES FOR BIPV SUCCESS
  • OVERVIEW

LIST OF TABLES

  • TABLE 1: GLOBAL PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ BILLIONS)
  • TABLE 2: THE GLOBAL ENERGY PROBLEM
  • TABLE 3: ADVANTAGES OF SOLAR ENERGY
  • TABLE 4: OVERVIEW OF PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGIES
  • TABLE 5: KEY APPLICATIONS OF PHOTOVOLTAICS
  • TABLE 6: GLOBAL MARKET FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES SHIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY GENERATION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
  • TABLE 7: GLOBAL MARKET FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES SHIPMENT BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
  • TABLE 8: CUMULATIVE INSTALLATIONS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES BY REGION, 2010--2019 (GW/%)
  • TABLE 9: YEARLY AND CUMULATIVE INVESTMENT SPENDING BY SEPARATION TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ BILLIONS)
  • TABLE 10: CO2 EMISSIONS BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (BILLION TONS)
  • TABLE 11: GHG REDUCTION TARGETS 2020 BY COUNTRY/ REGION
  • TABLE 12: CARBON PRICE BY COUNTRY ($ PER TON OF CO2)
  • TABLE 13: MERCHANT CO2 DEMAND (INCLUDING EOR) BY END USE (%)
  • TABLE 14: OVERVIEW CAPTURE OPTIONS BY SEPARATION TECHNOLOGY
  • TABLE 15: GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY (EXCLUDING BIOFUELS) INSTALLED CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
  • TABLE 16: GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY (EXCLUDING BIOFUELS) MARKET REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 17: GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY (EXCLUDING BIOFUELS) INSTALLED CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2019 (GW/$ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 18: GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY (EXCLUDING BIOFUELS) INSTALLED CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
  • TABLE 19: GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY (EXCLUDING BIOFUELS) MARKET REVENUE BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 20: GLOBAL RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY INSTALLED CAPACITY BY RESOURCE, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
  • TABLE 21: LIST OF GLOBAL MARKETS CONSIDERED IN THIS STUDY
  • TABLE 22: RESEARCH INFORMATION SOURCES
  • TABLE 23: GLOBAL MARKET FOR UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGY CAPITAL EXPENDITURE (CAPEX) BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 24: UES TECHNOLOGIES (MW)
  • TABLE 25: MAIN MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS (MW, MWH, $/KWH)
  • TABLE 26: UTILITY APPLICATIONS OF PHS, CAES AND BES
  • TABLE 27: GLOBAL BIPV REVENUE TO PHOTOVOLTAIC MANUFACTURERS BY BIPV APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)

LIST OF FIGURES

  • FIGURE 1: GLOBAL PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES MARKET BY REGION, 2013-2019 ($ BILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 2: GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES SHIPMENT BY REGION, 2014 AND 2019 (%)
  • FIGURE 3: CUMULATIVE INSTALLATIONS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES BY REGION, 2010-2019 (%)
  • FIGURE 4: YEARLY AND CUMULATIVE INVESTMENT SPENDING BY SEPARATION TECHNOLOGY, 2014-2019 ($ BILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 5: DEVELOPMENT STATUS OF SOLVENT ABSORPTION TECHNOLOGIES FOR CO2 CAPTURE
  • FIGURE 6: DEVELOPMENT STATUS OF GAS ADSORPTION TECHNOLOGIES FOR CO2 CAPTURE
  • FIGURE 7: DEVELOPMENT STATUS OF MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGIES FOR CO2 CAPTURE
  • FIGURE 8: GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY (EXCLUDING BIOFUELS) INSTALLED CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2019 (GW)
  • FIGURE 9: GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY (EXCLUDING BIOFUELS) MARKET REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 10: GLOBAL CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSION LEVELS, 2006-2012 (BILLION METRIC TONS)
  • FIGURE 11: RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKET SEGMENTS
  • FIGURE 12: GLOBAL RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY INSTALLED CAPACITY SHARE BY RESOURCE, 2013 AND 2019 (%)
  • FIGURE 13: GLOBAL MARKET FOR UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGY CAPEX BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 14: STYLIZED REPRESENTATION OF A DAILY LOAD CURVE
  • FIGURE 15: EXAMPLE OF OFFSET RENEWABLE GENERATION: WIND GENERATION, CALIFORNIA (MW)
  • FIGURE 16: SALINA (OKLAHOMA) PUMPED STORAGE PROJECT
  • FIGURE 17: PHS SYSTEM UTILIZES SEAWATER, OKINAWA, JAPAN
  • FIGURE 18: EXCAVATED PHS CONCEPT
  • FIGURE 19: CROSS-SECTION OF A REVERSIBLE PUMP TURBINE
  • FIGURE 20: REVERSIBLE PUMP TURBINE DURING ASSEMBLY
  • FIGURE 21: GENERATOR FOR A REVERSIBLE PUMP TURBINE
  • FIGURE 22: CROSS-SECTION OF GRAVITY POWER MODULE (GPM) SYSTEM
  • FIGURE 23: HUNTORF CAES
  • FIGURE 24: MCINTOSH CAES
  • FIGURE 25: SCHEMATIC REPRESENTATION OF A CAES SYSTEM
  • FIGURE 26: AXIAL AIR COMPRESSOR (LEFT) AND RADIAL AIR COMPRESSOR (RIGHT)
  • FIGURE 27: AIR EXPANDER
  • FIGURE 28: STANDARD GAS TURBINE WITH COMPRESSOR SECTION
  • FIGURE 29: MCINTOSH GAS TURBINE (BOTTOM), GENERATOR (TOP) AND EXHAUST (RIGHT)
  • FIGURE 30: COMPARISON OF PHS, CAES, BES AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES
  • FIGURE 31: MATURITY STAGE OF ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS
  • FIGURE 32: FLOW BATTERY SYSTEM
  • FIGURE 33: COMPARISON OF PHS, CAES AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES
  • FIGURE 34: GLOBAL BIPV REVENUE TO PHOTOVOLTAIC MANUFACTURERS BY BIPV APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
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