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市場調查報告書

廢棄物生物沼氣:全球厭氧消化設備市場

Waste-Derived Biogas: Global Markets for Anaerobic Digestion Equipment

出版商 BCC Research 商品編碼 203873
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 264 Pages
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廢棄物生物沼氣:全球厭氧消化設備市場 Waste-Derived Biogas: Global Markets for Anaerobic Digestion Equipment
出版日期: 2014年02月14日 內容資訊: 英文 264 Pages
簡介

全球厭氣消化技術•垃圾掩埋沼氣設備市場,在2013年推估為約45億美元的規模。預計今後將以年複合成長率(CAGR)9.4%的速度擴大,到2018年將達到70億美元的規模。

本報告為,調查都市/家庭污水、工業廢水、垃圾掩埋氣體、農業廢棄物等4大供應來源別之生物沼氣市場,並提供最終用途部門別、全球地區別詳細市場分析,以下列摘要形式闡述。

第1章 簡介

第2章 實施概要

第3章 概要

  • 優點
  • 生物沼氣與其他型態可再生能源比較後之優點
  • 大型生物沼氣廠發展之阻礙
  • 設置小型生物沼氣之優點
  • 設置小型生物沼氣之阻礙
  • 全球生物沼氣生產之未來性
  • 影響生物沼氣產業之要因
  • 生物沼氣之歷史
  • 厭氧消化
  • 資金要件及成本

第4章 供應來源別市場

  • 農業
  • 工業廢物
  • 都市污水
  • 掩埋
  • 都市廢水
  • 工業廢水
  • 農業廢物
  • 垃圾掩埋氣體

第5章 最終用途別市場

  • 最終用途別市場
  • 都市發電
  • 熱電聯產
  • 原動力
  • 天然氣使用於運輸燃料之優點
  • 生物甲烷使用於運輸燃料之優點
  • 全球天然氣汽車之成長
  • 生物甲烷使用於運輸燃料之政策及刺激政策
  • 全球地區別市場

第6章 北美之生物沼氣

  • 美國
  • 加拿大
  • 墨西哥

第7章 歐洲之生物沼氣

  • 德國
  • 英國
  • 義大利
  • 法國
  • 西班牙
  • 荷比盧
  • 斯堪的納維亞
  • 其他國家
  • EU整體生物沼氣之協助政策
  • 生物沼氣生產上EU之潛力
  • EU之生物沼氣生產
  • 國家別簡介
    • 奧地利
    • 比利時
    • 塞浦勒斯
    • 捷克共和國
    • 丹麥
    • 愛沙尼亞
    • 芬蘭
    • 法國
    • 德國
    • 希臘
    • 匈牙利
    • 愛爾蘭
    • 義大利
    • 拉脫維亞
    • 立陶宛
    • 盧森堡
    • 荷蘭
    • 挪威
    • 波蘭
    • 葡萄牙
    • 羅馬尼亞
    • 斯洛伐克
    • 斯洛維尼亞
    • 西班牙
    • 瑞典
    • 瑞士
    • 英國
    • 獨立國家聯合體

第8章 亞洲之生物沼氣

  • 中國
  • 印度
  • 日本
  • 其他國家
  • 亞洲新興市場
    • 尼泊爾
    • 越南
    • 孟加拉國
    • 柬埔寨
    • 老撾
    • 巴基斯坦
    • 印尼
    • 其他

第9章 非洲之生物沼氣

  • 衣索比亞
  • 肯亞
  • 盧安達
  • 坦尚尼亞
  • 烏干達
  • 其他國家

第10章 拉丁美洲之生物沼氣

  • 拉丁美洲之生物沼氣
  • 阿根廷
  • 巴西
  • 智利

第11章 產業結構

  • 產業結構
  • 企業簡介

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目錄
Product Code: EGY076B

The value of the global market for anaerobic digesters and landfill gas equipment is estimated at nearly $4.5 billion for 2013. The market is projected to reach $7 billion by 2018 growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9.4% over the five-year period from 2013 to 2018.

This report provides:

  • An overview of the world market for the anaerobic digestion equipment used to transform waste materials into sustainable energy
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data for 2013, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2018.
  • Information on the best strategies used by governments responsible for sustainable waste handling and energy supply solutions
  • An examination of current as well as future trends in the market for industry players and technology developers to understand and strategize their investments

REPORT SCOPE

INTRODUCTION

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

Renewable, sustainable energy generation is expected to be the fastest-growing energy sector over the next two decades. Price volatility, supply concerns and the environmental aspects of fossil fuels are expected to accelerate the pace of all nonfossil fuel development. Experts predict that the future price of oil will not drop below $80 per barrel, even for resources from unconventional oil reserves. Renewable domestic energy supplies are seen as a means of overcoming these problems. Biogas, a clean fuel derived primarily from waste materials, is an important alternative to conventional fossil energy.

This BCC Research report provides an in-depth analysis of the world market for the anaerobic digestion equipment used to transform waste materials into sustainable energy. Although energy crops are utilized widely in Germany and some other countries for biogas production, this study will only cover gas recovered from wastes. The study also examines the equipment needed to collect landfill gas (LFG), biogas formed naturally at landfill sites.

Four waste types are evaluated as feed materials for the waste-to energy process: sewage, industrial wastewater, agricultural wastes (crop residuals and manure) and landfill gas. Three different end uses for the gas are also examined: municipal electricity production, on-site electricity (and heat) production and transportation fuel.

The biogas industry is better developed in other parts of the world than in North America. In addition to the U.S. and Canada, this report will cover Europe, where the industry is best developed; Asia, where the largest number of plants are operating; Africa, where the anaerobic process is rapidly gaining popularity and other world regions where biogas recovery is emerging.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

The need to responsibly dispose of mounting volumes of waste and the requirement to procure sustainable, secure energy supplies are two of the most important issues facing governments and industries around the globe. The production of energy from a number of waste streams (i.e., municipal and domestic sewage, industrial wastewater, landfills, livestock manure, and agricultural residues) is a process that addresses both of these challenges.

In the current waste-to-energy market, anaerobic digestion offers the most sustainable conversion process. Because the technology can be tailored to suit waste streams of all volumes, systems may be sized for use in households, commercial enterprises, utilities and industry.

In this context, it is important to have an overview of the market and the drivers that support adoption of the best strategies by governments responsible for sustainable waste handling and energy supply solutions. It is also important for industry players and technology developers to understand current as well as future trends in order to strategize their investments. BCC Research has published reports that provide broad overviews of waste-to-energy markets. This is an update of the first to focus exclusively on anaerobic digestion as an enabling technology.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

This study intended to be useful to a broad audience. Because they stand to see the greatest profit from expansion of the biogas industry, manufacturers and suppliers of anaerobic digesters and providers of anaerobic digestion technology would likely benefit the most from the data contained in this study. Companies with plant components, ancillary equipment and related products also might profit from the information collected here.

These include manufacturers and suppliers of biogas condensation and upgrading equipment and technology, biogas distributors, water and power engineering firms, suppliers of power plants and electricity generating equipment, environmental management firms, companies specializing in anaerobic digestion equipment and other water and wastewater treatment equipment, and companies developing additives (chemicals, enzymes, etc.) to enhance gas production yields and process efficiencies.

SCOPE AND FORMAT

The scope of this report includes the market for biogas to energy for four different feed sources: municipal and domestic sewage, industrial wastewater, landfill gas, and agricultural wastes, a category that includes animal manures and crop residues. In countries where energy crops are codigested with manure and other organic farm wastes, they are considered to be part of the market. The biogas market also is broken down by end use: municipal power generation, on-site heat and power production, and transportation applications.

A discussion of the market by world region includes overviews of North America, Europe, Asia, Africa and Latin America and individual profiles for countries most active in each region. Present market status, biogas production potential, and policies and incentives that support the industry are given for each country. All market valuations and projections cover the years from 2000 to 2018. Market figures are based on the revenues derived from equipment sales and are projected in 2013 constant dollars (i.e., inflation is not computed into the projection figures). The revenue figures are derived from estimated revenues of the key players in a particular year.

A technology overview, presentation on the structure of the industry and brief profiles for major participating companies also are included.

For the purposes of the report, biogas equipment will be limited to anaerobic digesters and the gas collection equipment needed in landfill gas recovery projects. The machinery used to transform the gas to electricity-reciprocating and other types of gas engines, turbine and microturbines, and fuel cells-are not included in the analysis. Systems for biogas upgrading also are not included in the study.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2

  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
  • REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 2
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE 3
  • SCOPE AND FORMAT 3
  • METHODOLOGY 4
  • INFORMATION SOURCES 4
  • ANALYST CREDENTIALS 4
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 4
  • BCC RESEARCH ONLINE SERVICES 4
  • DISCLAIMER 5

CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 7

  • SUMMARY TABLE VALUE OF THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOGAS AND LANDFILL GAS EQUIPMENT FOR WASTE-DERIVED ENERGY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 9
  • SUMMARY FIGURE VALUE OF THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOGAS AND LANDFILL GAS EQUIPMENT FOR WASTE-DERIVED ENERGY, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 9

CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW 11

  • TABLE 1 GLOBAL PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION BY SOURCE, 2011 (TWH, %) 11
  • FIGURE 1 GLOBAL PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION BY SOURCE, 2011 (TWH, %) 12
  • TABLE 2 ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION FROM RENEWABLES BY SOURCE, 2011 (TWH,
  • %) 12
  • FIGURE 2 ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION FROM RENEWABLES BY SOURCE, 2011 (TWH, %) 13
  • TABLE 3 ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION FROM BIOMASS BY SOURCE, 2011 (TWH, %) 13
  • FIGURE 3 ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION FROM BIOMASS BY SOURCE, 2011 (TWH, %) 13
  • BENEFITS 14
  • TABLE 4 GLOBAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY EMISSION TYPE (%) 15
  • FIGURE 4 GLOBAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY EMISSION TYPE (%) 15
  • ADVANTAGES OF BIOGAS COMPARED TO OTHER FORMS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY 16
  • BARRIERS TO LARGE-SCALE BIOGAS PLANT DEPLOYMENT 16
  • BENEFITS OF SMALL-SCALE BIOGAS INSTALLATIONS 17
  • BARRIERS TO SMALL-SCALE BIOGAS INSTALLATIONS 18
  • GLOBAL BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL 18
  • TABLE 5 GLOBAL BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL BY FEED SOURCE (TOE/YR) 19
  • FIGURE 5 GLOBAL BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL BY FEED SOURCE (TOE/YR) 19
  • FACTORS INFLUENCING THE BIOGAS INDUSTRY 19
    • POLICY 19
    • INCENTIVES 20
  • HISTORY OF BIOGAS 20
  • ANAEROBIC DIGESTION 21
  • TABLE 6 SUITABLE FEEDSTOCKS FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTION 22
    • PROCESS STEPS 23
    • BATCH OR CONTINUOUS METHODS 24
    • TEMPERATURE 24
    • PH LEVELS 25
    • SOLIDS CONTENT 25
    • RETENTION TIME 26
    • BIOGAS YIELDS 26
    • STAGES 26
    • ANAEROBIC DIGESTERS 27
      • Anaerobic Lagoon 27
      • Covered Lagoon Digester 27
      • Plug-Flow Anaerobic Digester 28
      • Anaerobic Contact Digester 28
      • Anaerobic Filter 28
      • UASB Reactor 29
      • Hybrid Reactor 29
      • Anaerobic Fluidized Bed Reactors 29
      • Anaerobic Baffled Reactor 29
      • Anaerobic Migrating Blanket Reactor 30
      • CSTR 30
      • Expanded Granular Sludge Bed Reactor 30
      • Internal Circulation Reactor 31
    • RESIDENCE TIME 31
    • FEEDSTOCKS 31
    • END PRODUCTS 32
      • Biogas 32
      • TABLE 7 TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF BIOGAS (%) 32
        • Posttreatment 33
          • Upgrading 33
      • Digestate 34
        • Acidogenic Anaerobic Digestate 34
        • Methanogenic Digestate 34
      • Water 35
      • FIGURE 6 THE BIOGAS VALUE CHAIN 35
      • FINANCIAL REQUIREMENTS AND COSTS 36

CHAPTER 4 MARKET BY FEED SOURCE 38

  • AGRICULTURE 38
  • INDUSTRIAL WASTES 39
  • MUNICIPAL SEWAGE 39
  • LANDFILLS 40
  • TABLE 8 MARKET FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTERS AND LANDFILL GAS EQUIPMENT BY FEED SOURCE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 40
  • FIGURE 7 MARKET FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTERS AND LANDFILL GAS EQUIPMENT BY FEED SOURCE, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 40
  • MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER 41
    • AD TREATMENT OF WASTEWATER 42
  • INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER 42
  • TABLE 9 INDUSTRIAL WASTE FEEDSTOCKS FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTION: DRY MATTER CONTENT, ORGANIC DRY MATTER CONTENT, BIOGAS YIELD AND
  • METHANE CONTENT 43
  • AGRICULTURAL WASTES 44
  • TABLE 10 ANIMAL WASTE FEEDSTOCKS FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTIO: DRY MATTER CONTENT, ORGANIC DRY MATTER CONTENT, BIOGAS YIELD AND METHANE CONTENT 44
  • TABLE 11 PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS FOR MANURE-BASED BIOGAS PLANTS 45
  • TABLE 12 ENGINEERING, EQUIPMENT AND CONSTRUCTION COSTS FOR MANURE-BASED BIOGAS PLANTS ($) 46
  • LANDFILL GAS 46
    • ANAEROBIC DIGESTION IN A LANDFILL 46
    • TABLE 13 TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF LANDFILL BIOGAS 47
    • FIGURE 8 TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF LANDFILL BIOGAS (%) 47
    • LANDFILL GAS-TO-ENERGY SYSTEMS 48
      • Passive Collection Systems 48
      • Active Collection Systems 49

CHAPTER 5 MARKET BY END USE AND REGION 51

  • TABLE 14 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 51
  • FIGURE 9 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTHFOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT BY END USE, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 52
  • MUNICIPAL POWER GENERATION 52
  • ON-SITE HEAT AND POWER GENERATION 53
  • TABLE 15 EFFICIENCY COMPARISON OF ELECTRICITY-ONLY PLANTS AND CHP PLANTS (%) 54
  • FIGURE 10 EFFICIENCY COMPARISON OF ELECTRICITY-ONLY PLANTS AND CHP PLANTS (%) 54
  • MOTIVE POWER 54
    • BENEFITS OF USING NATURAL GAS AS TRANSPORTATION FUEL 55
    • BENEFITS OF USING BIOMETHANE AS A TRANSPORTATION FUEL 55
    • GLOBAL GROWTH OF NGVS 56
    • TABLE 16 GLOBAL GROWTH OF NGVS, 2000-2012 (MILLIONS) 56
    • FIGURE 11 GLOBAL GROWTH OF NGVS, 2000-2012 (MILLIONS) 56
    • TABLE 17 MARKET PENETRATION OF TOTAL VEHICLE FLEET IN COUNTRIES WITH A 1% OR GREATER NGV MARKET SHARE, 2012 (%) 57
    • FIGURE 12 MARKET PENETRATION OF TOTAL VEHICLE FLEET IN COUNTRIES WITH A 1% OR GREATER NGV MARKET SHARE, 2012 (%) 57
    • POLICIES AND INCENTIVES FOR THE USE OF BIOMETHANE AS A
    • TRANSPORTATION FUEL 58
  • MARKET BY WORLD REGION 59
  • TABLE 18 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT BY WORLD REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 61
  • FIGURE 13 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT BY WORLD REGION, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 61

CHAPTER 6 BIOGAS IN NORTH AMERICA 64

  • U.S. 64
    • ON-FARM BIOGAS PRODUCTION 64
    • MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER-DERIVED BIOGAS 64
    • INDUSTRIAL WASTE-DERIVED BIOGAS 65
    • LANDFILL GAS 65
    • BARRIERS TO THE U.S. BIOGAS MARKET 66
  • CANADA 67
  • MEXICO 67
  • TABLE 19 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IN NORTH AMERICA, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 68
  • FIGURE 14 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IN NORTH AMERICA, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 68
  • INSTALLED U.S. PLANTS BY FEED SOURCE 69
  • TABLE 20 SHARE OF THE NORTH AMERICAN BIOGAS MARKET BY FEED SOURCE, MAY 2013 (NUMBER OF FACILITIES, %) 69
  • FIGURE 15 SHARE OF THE NORTH AMERICAN BIOGAS MARKET BY FEED SOURCE, MAY 2013 (%) 69
  • U.S. 70
  • TABLE 21 U.S. RENEWABLE ENERGY SUPPLY, 2005-2014 (QUADRILLION BTU) 71
  • FIGURE 16 U.S. RENEWABLE ENERGY SUPPLY, 2005-2014 (QUADRILLION BTU) 71
    • POLICIES AND INCENTIVES 72
      • Existing Legislation 72
      • Failed Legislation 72
      • TABLE 22 PROPOSED U.S. LEGISLATION THAT DID NOT PASS 73
    • WASTEWATER DIGESTION IN THE U.S. 74
      • Study on Sewage Gas to Power Federal Buildings 75
      • FIGURE 17 WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS NEAR FEDERAL FACILITIES 75
    • ON-FARM DIGESTION IN THE U.S. 76
    • TABLE 23 OPERATIONAL U.S. ON-FARM DIGESTERS BY STATE, 1997-2012 77
    • FIGURE 18 U.S. ON-FARM DIGESTERS BY STATE, 2012 (NO.) 83
    • TABLE 24 GROWTH OF ON-FARM BIOGAS DIGESTERS IN THE U.S. 1981-2013 (NO.) 83
    • FIGURE 19 GROWTH OF ON-FARM BIOGAS DIGESTERS IN THE U.S., 1981-2013 (NO.) 84
    • TABLE 25 U.S. ON-FARM DIGESTERS BY SYSTEM TYPE, 2012 (NO.) 84
    • FIGURE 20 U.S. ON-FARM DIGESTERS BY SYSTEM TYPE, 2012 85
    • FIGURE 21 ELECTRIC POWER PRODUCTION POTENTIAL FROM U.S. DAIRY FARMS, BY STATE 86
    • FIGURE 22 ELECTRIC POWER PRODUCTION POTENTIAL FROM U.S. HOG FARMS, BY STATE 86
    • TABLE 26 TOP 10 STATES FOR ELECTRICITY GENERATION FROM SWINE AND DAIRY CATTLE MANURE 87
      • Incentives for On-farm Digester Projects 88
      • FIGURE 23 RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARDS, MARCH 2013 89
        • Incentives in California 90
        • TABLE 27 SELF-GENERATION INCENTIVES IN CALIFORNIA 90
        • Incentives in Vermont 90
        • Incentives in Illinois 91
        • Incentives in Kentucky 91
        • Incentives in Other States 91
    • LANDFILL GAS-TO-ENERGY IN THE U.S. 91
      • Electricity Generation 92
      • Direct Use 92
      • Cogeneration 92
      • TABLE 28 INSTALLED LFG AND BIOGAS CHP GENERATION CAPACITY IN THE U.S., 1970-2010 (MW) 93
      • FIGURE 24 INSTALLED LFG AND BIOGAS CHP GENERATION CAPACITY IN THE U.S., 1970-2010 (MW) 93
      • TABLE 29 INSTALLED LFG AND BIOGAS CHP GENERATION CAPACITY IN THE U.S. BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (MW, %) 94
      • FIGURE 25 INSTALLED LFG AND BIOGAS CHP GENERATION CAPACITY IN THE U.S. BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (MW, %) 94
      • Alternative Fuels 94
      • TABLE 30 U.S. NATURAL GAS VEHICLE FUEL CONSUMPTION, 2000-2012 (MILLION FT3) 95
      • FIGURE 26 U.S. NATURAL GAS VEHICLE FUEL CONSUMPTION, 2000-2012 (MILLION FT3) 95
      • FIGURE 27 U.S. NATURAL GAS PIPELINE NETWORK, 2012 96
      • U.S. LANDFILL GAS PROJECTS BY STATE 97
      • TABLE 31 U.S. LANDFILL GAS PROJECTS AND CANDIDATE PROJECTS, JUNE 28, 2012 (NO.) 98
      • FIGURE 28 U.S. LANDFILL GAS PROJECTS AND CANDIDATE PROJECTS, JUNE 28, 2012 (NO.) 99
      • Landfill Methane Outreach Program 100
      • Incentives for Landfill Gas-to-Energy Projects 100
        • Renewable Portfolio Standards 100
        • FIGURE 29 STATES WITH RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARDS AND STATES WITH RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO GOALS, 2012 101
        • Net Metering 101
  • CANADA 101
  • POLICIES AND INCENTIVES 102
  • TABLE 32 FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS IN ONTARIO (CENTS/KWH) 103
  • TABLE 33 FIT BONUSES IN ONTARIO (CENTS/KWH) 103
  • MEXICO 104
  • POLICIES AND INCENTIVES 105

CHAPTER 7 BIOGAS IN EUROPE 107

  • DETERIORATING ENERGY TARGETS 108
  • GERMANY 108
  • U.K. 109
  • ITALY 109
  • FRANCE 110
  • SPAIN 110
  • BENELUX 111
  • SCANDINAVIA 111
  • OTHER COUNTRIES 112
  • TABLE 34 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IN EUROPE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 113
  • FIGURE 30 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IN EUROPE, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 113
  • TABLE 35 BIOGAS PRODUCTION FOR HEAT AND ELECTRICITY IN THE EU BY FEED SOURCE, 2006-2013 (KTOE) 114
  • FIGURE 31 BIOGAS PRODUCTION FOR HEAT AND ELECTRICITY IN THE EU BY FEED SOURCE, 2006-2013 (KTOE) 114
  • TABLE 36 SHARE OF THE EUROPEAN BIOGAS MARKET BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (%) 115
  • FIGURE 32 SHARE OF THE EUROPEAN BIOGAS MARKET BY FEED SOURCE (%) 115
  • EU-WIDE POLICIES THAT SUPPORT BIOGAS 116
  • TABLE 37 EU AND NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY TARGETS FOR 2020, AS OF SEPTEMBER 2013 (%) 116
  • FIGURE 33 EU AND NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY TARGETS FOR 2020, AS OF SEPTEMBER 2013 (%) 117
  • TABLE 38 SUPPORT SCHEMES FOR BIOGAS IN EU COUNTRIES, 2012 118
  • TABLE 39 TOP 12 BIOGAS PRODUCERS IN THE EU, 2012 (TWH) 119
  • FIGURE 34 TOP 12 BIOGAS PRODUCERS IN THE EU, 2012 (TWH) 119
  • EU POTENTIAL FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION 120
  • TABLE 40 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN THE EU BY 2020 (KTOE/%) 120
  • FIGURE 35 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN THE EU BY 2020 (%) 121
  • TABLE 41 EU-27 MUNICIPAL WASTE PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY AND DISPOSAL METHOD, 2011 (KG PER CAPITA, %) 122
  • TABLE 42 BIOGAS FOR HEAT AND ELECTRICITY IN THE EU BY FEED SOURCE, 2006-2013 (KTOE) 123
  • FIGURE 36 BIOGAS FOR HEAT AND ELECTRICITY IN THE EU BY FEED SOURCE, 2006-2013 (KTOE) 123
  • PRODUCTION OF BIOGAS IN THE EU 124
  • TABLE 43 CRUDE BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN THE EU BY COUNTRY, 2000 AND 2001 (KTOE) 125
  • FIGURE 37 CRUDE BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN THE EU BY COUNTRY, 2000 AND 2001 (KTOE) 125
  • TABLE 44 GROSS ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION FROM BIOGAS IN THE EU, 2008 AND 2009 (KTOE) 126
  • FIGURE 38 GROSS ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION FROM BIOGAS IN THE EU, 2008 AND 2009 (KTOE) 126
  • TABLE 45 GROSS ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION FROM BIOGAS IN THE EU, 2010 AND 2011 (GWH) 128
  • FIGURE 39 GROSS ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION FROM BIOGAS IN THE EU, 2010 AND 2011 (GWH) 128
  • TABLE 46 PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION OF BIOGAS IN THE EU, 2009 AND 2010 (KTOE) 130
  • FIGURE 40 PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION OF BIOGAS IN THE EU, 2009 AND 2010 (KTOE) 130
  • TABLE 47 PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION OF BIOGAS IN THE EU, 2011 (KTOE) 132
  • FIGURE 41 PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION OF BIOGAS IN THE EU, 2011 (KTOE) 132
  • COUNTRY PROFILES 133
    • AUSTRIA 134
    • TABLE 48 BIOGAS PLANTS IN AUSTRIA BY FEED SOURCE, APRIL 2013 (NO., %) 134
    • FIGURE 42 BIOGAS PLANTS IN AUSTRIA BY FEED SOURCE, APRIL 2013 (NO., %) 134
      • Policies and Incentives 135
      • TABLE 49 AUSTRIAN FITS FOR ELECTRICITY FROM BIOGAS ($/KWH) 135
    • BELGIUM 136
    • TABLE 50 BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN BELGIUM, 2012 136
      • Policies and Incentives 137
    • CYPRUS 137
      • Policies and Incentives 138
    • CZECH REPUBLIC 138
    • TABLE 51 BIOGAS PLANTS IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC, BY FEED SOURCE, 2013 (NUMBER/% OF PLANTS) 139
    • FIGURE 43 BIOGAS PLANTS IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC, BY FEED SOURCE, 2013 (NUMBER/% OF PLANTS) 139
      • Policies and Incentives 140
    • DENMARK 140
    • TABLE 52 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN DENMARK BY FEED SOURCE, 2013 (NO./%) 140
    • FIGURE 44 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN DENMARK BY FEED SOURCE, 2013 (NO., %) 140
      • Policy and Incentives 141
        • FiTs 142
      • Estonia 142
      • Policies and Incentives 142
    • FINLAND 142
    • TABLE 53 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN FINLAND BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2012 (NO., %) 143
    • FIGURE 45 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN FINLAND BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2012 (NO., %) 143
    • TABLE 54 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN FINLAND BY 2015 (TWH) 144
      • Policies and Incentives 144
    • FRANCE 144
    • TABLE 55 BIOGAS PLANTS IN FRANCE BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO.) 145
    • FIGURE 46 BIOGAS PLANTS IN FRANCE BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO.) 146
      • Policies and Incentives 146
    • GERMANY 147
    • TABLE 56 GERMAN BIOGAS PLANTS BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO., %) 147
    • FIGURE 47 GERMAN BIOGAS PLANTS BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO., %) 147
      • Policies and Incentives 148
      • TABLE 57 GERMAN FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS ENERGY UNDER EEG 2012
      • (EUROCENTS/KWH) 149
      • TABLE 58 FIT FFEDSTOCK BONUS CLASSES UNDER EEG 2012 (EUROCENTS/KWH) 149
      • TABLE 59 BIOMETHANE PRODUCTION BONUS UNDER EEG 2012 (EUROCENTS/KWH) 149
      • TABLE 60 BIOWASTE DIGESTION BONUS UNDER EEG 2012 (EUROCENTS/KWH) 150
    • GREECE 150
      • Policies and Incentives 150
      • TABLE 61 FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR GREEK BIOGAS BY FEED SOURCE (EUROCENT/KWH) 151
    • HUNGARY 151
    • TABLE 62 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN HUNGARY BY FEED SOURCE (TWH, %) 152
    • FIGURE 48 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN HUNGARY BY FEED SOURCE (TWH, %) 152
      • Policies and Incentives 152
    • IRELAND 153
    • TABLE 63 BIOGAS PLANTS IN IRELAND BY TYPE, 2012 (NO.) 153
    • FIGURE 49 BIOGAS PLANTS IN IRELAND BY TYPE, 2012 (NO.) 153
    • TABLE 64 BIOGAS AND METHANE POTENTIAL FROM FARM SLURRIES AND SLAUGHTER WASTES IN IRELAND, 2010 AND 2020 154
      • Policies and Incentives 154
      • TABLE 65 FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS SUPPORT IN IRELAND (EUROCENT/KWH) 154
    • ITALY 155
    • TABLE 66 BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN ITALY BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (%) 156
    • FIGURE 50 BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN ITALY BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (%) 156
    • TABLE 67 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN ITALY BY FEED SOURCE (MILLION MT/YR, %) 157
    • FIGURE 51 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN ITALY BY FEED SOURCE (MILLION MT/YR, %) 157
      • Policies and Incentives 157
      • TABLE 68 ITALIAN FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION (EUROCENTS/KWH) 158
    • LATVIA 158
    • TABLE 69 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN LATVIA BY FEED SOURCE (MILLION M3/YR, %) 159
    • FIGURE 52 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN LATVIA BY FEED SOURCE (MILLION M3/YR, %) 159
      • Policies and Incentives 160
    • LITHUANIA 161
      • Policies and Incentives 161
      • TABLE 70 FITS FOR BIOGAS IN LITHUANIA (EUROCENTS/KWH) 161
    • LUXEMBOURG 162
      • Policies and Incentives 162
    • THE NETHERLANDS 162
    • TABLE 71 BIOGAS PLANTS IN THE NETHERLANDS BY FEED SOURCE, 2013 (NO., %) 163
      • Policies and Incentives 163
      • TABLE 72 FEED-IN TARIFFS IN THE NETHERLANDS, 2013 164
    • NORWAY 164
    • TABLE 73 BIOGAS PLANTS IN NORWAY, BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO./%) 164
    • FIGURE 53 BIOGAS PLANTS IN NORWAY, BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO./%) 165
    • TABLE 74 POTENTIAL ENERGY PRODUCTION IN NORWAY BY WASTE RESOURCES AND BY-PRODUCTS (%) 165
    • FIGURE 54 POTENTIAL ENERGY PRODUCTION IN NORWAY BY WASTE RESOURCES AND BY-PRODUCTS (%) 165
      • Policies and Incentives 166
    • POLAND 167
    • TABLE 75 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN POLAND BY FEED SOURCE AND INSTALLED ENERGY CAPACITY, 2012 (NO., MW) 167
    • FIGURE 55 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN POLAND BY FEED SOURCE AND INSTALLED ENERGY CAPACITY, 2012 (NO., MW) 168
      • Policies and Incentives 168
    • PORTUGAL 169
      • Policies and Incentives 169
    • ROMANIA 169
      • Policies and Incentives 170
    • SLOVAKIA 170
      • Policies and Incentives 170
      • TABLE 76 FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS IN SLOVAKIA, 2012 (EUROS/KWH) 171
    • SLOVENIA 171
    • TABLE 77 BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN SLOVENIA BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO., %) 171
    • FIGURE 56 BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN SLOVENIA BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NUMBER OF PLANTS, %) 171
      • Policies and Incentives 172
      • TABLE 78 FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS IN SLOVENIA 173
    • SPAIN 173
    • TABLE 79 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN SPAIN BY FEED SOURCE 174
    • FIGURE 57 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN SPAIN BY FEED SOURCE (M3/YR.) 174
      • Policies and Incentives 174
    • SWEDEN 175
    • TABLE 80 BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN SWEDEN BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO., %) 175
    • FIGURE 58 BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN SWEDEN BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO.,%) 175
    • TABLE 81 END USES FOR BIOGAS IN SWEDEN, 2012 (%) 176
    • FIGURE 59 END USES FOR BIOGAS IN SWEDEN, 2012 (%) 176
    • TABLE 82 NATURAL GAS/BIOGAS FILLING STATIONS IN SWEDEN, 1995-2012 (NO.) 178
    • FIGURE 60 NATURAL GAS/BIOGAS FILLING STATIONS IN SWEDEN, 1995-2012 (NO.) 178
    • TABLE 83 VOLUMES OF VEHICLE GAS SOLD IN SWEDEN, 1995-2013 (1,000 M3) 179
    • FIGURE 61 VOLUMES OF VEHICLE GAS SOLD IN SWEDEN, 1995-2013 (1,000 M3) 179
      • Policies and Incentives 179
    • SWITZERLAND 180
    • TABLE 84 BIOGAS PLANTS IN SWITZERLAND BY FEED SOURCE, 2013 (NUMBER, %) 180
    • FIGURE 62 BIOGAS PLANTS IN SWITZERLAND BY FEED SOURCE, 2013 (NUMBER, %) 181
      • Policies and Incentives 181
    • U.K. 182
    • TABLE 85 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN THE U.K. BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO., %) 182
    • FIGURE 63 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN THE U.K. BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO., %) 182
    • TABLE 86 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN THE U.K. (MT/YR, %) 183
      • Policies and Incentives 183
      • TABLE 87 FEED-IN TARIFFS IN THE U.K. (EUROCENTS/KWH) 184
    • THE COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES (CIS) 184
      • Biogas Production Potential in Russia 185

CHAPTER 8 BIOGAS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION 187

  • CHINA 187
  • INDIA 188
  • JAPAN 189
  • OTHER COUNTRIES 190
  • TABLE 88 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IN ASIA, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 191
  • FIGURE 64 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IN ASIA, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 191
  • CHINA 191
    • POLICIES AND INCENTIVES 192
  • INDIA 192
  • TABLE 89 BIOGAS POTENTIAL IN INDIA FROM AGRO-INDUSTRIAL WASTES BY FEED SOURCE (MW, %) 193
  • FIGURE 65 BIOGAS POTENTIAL IN INDIA FROM AGRO-INDUSTRIAL WASTES BY FEED SOURCE (MW, %) 193
    • POLICIES AND INCENTIVES 194
  • JAPAN 194
    • POLICIES AND INCENTIVES 195
  • SOUTH KOREA 195
  • TABLE 90 BIOGAS PLANTS IN SOUTH KOREA BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO., %) 196
  • FIGURE 66 BIOGAS PLANTS IN SOUTH KOREA BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO., %) 196
    • POLICIES AND INCENTIVES 197
  • EMERGING ASIA 197
  • TABLE 91 DOMESTIC BIOGAS PLANTS INSTALLED THROUGH SNV IN EMERGING ASIA, 1992-2013 198
  • FIGURE 67 DOMESTIC BIOGAS PLANTS INSTALLED THROUGH SNV IN EMERGING ASIA, 1992-2013 198
  • NEPAL 199
    • Policies and Incentives 199
  • VIETNAM 199
    • Policies and Incentives 199
  • BANGLADESH 200
    • Policies and Incentives 200
  • CAMBODIA 200
    • Policies and Incentives 200
  • LAO PDR 201
    • Policies and Incentives 201
  • PAKISTAN 201
    • Policies and Incentives 202
  • INDONESIA 202
    • Policies and Incentives 202
  • OTHER COUNTRIES 203

CHAPTER 9 BIOGAS IN AFRICA 205

  • TABLE 92 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IN AFRICA, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 206
  • FIGURE 68 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IN AFRICA, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 206
  • TABLE 93 DOMESTIC BIOGAS PLANTS IN AFRICA BUILT UNDER THE AFRICA BIOGAS PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM, THROUGH 2012 207
  • FIGURE 69 DOMESTIC BIOGAS PLANTS IN AFRICA BUILT UNDER THE AFRICA BIOGAS PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM, THROUGH 2012 (NO.) 207
  • ETHIOPIA 208
    • POLICIES AND INCENTIVES 208
  • KENYA 208
    • POLICIES AND INCENTIVES 208
  • RWANDA 209
    • POLICIES AND INCENTIVES 209
  • TANZANIA 210
    • POLICIES AND INCENTIVES 210
  • UGANDA 210
    • POLICIES AND INCENTIVES 210
  • OTHER COUNTRIES 210

CHAPTER 10 BIOGAS IN LATIN AMERICA 213

  • TABLE 94 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IN LATIN AMERICA, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 214
  • FIGURE 70 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IN LATIN AMERICA, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 214
  • ARGENTINA 214
    • POLICIES AND INCENTIVES 215
  • BRAZIL 215
    • POLICIES AND INCENTIVES 216
  • CHILE 217
  • TABLE 95 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN CHILE BY FEED SOURCE 217
  • FIGURE 71 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN CHILE BY FEED SOURCE (THOUSAND M3/YR.) 218
    • POLICIES AND INCENTIVES 218
  • OTHER COUNTRIES 219

CHAPTER 11 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 221

  • COMPANY PROFILES 222
    • AAT GMBH & CO. 222
    • ADI SYSTEMS INC. 223
    • AGRIVERT 223
    • AMERESCO INC. 224
    • ANAERGIA INC. 224
    • AREVA RENEWABLES 225
    • ARROWBIO 226
    • ASIABIOGAS CO. LTD. (ABC) 226
    • AUSTEP 227
    • AXPO KOMPOGAS AG 227
    • B9 ORGANIC ENERGY LTD. 228
    • BEDMINSTER INTERNATIONAL 228
    • BEKON 229
    • BERLIE FALCO 229
    • BILFINGER WATER TECHNOLOGIES 230
    • BIO-EN POWER INC. 230
    • BIOGAS AUSTRALIA 231
    • BIOGAS ENERGY INC. 231
    • BIOGAS HOCHREITER GMBH 231
    • BIOGAS NORD 232
    • BIOGAS POWER 232
    • BIOGAS PRODUCTS LTD. 233
    • BIOGAS TECHNOLOGY LTD. 233
    • BIOGEN 233
    • BIOPLEX 234
    • BIOTECH NORWAY AS 234
    • BIOTHANE 234
    • BIO TERRE 235
    • BIOVAKKA OY 235
    • BIOWAYSTE 236
    • BLUE ELECTRON 236
    • BTA INTERNATIONAL 237
    • BURNS & MCDONNELL 237
    • BWSC BURNMEISTER & WAIN SCANDINAVIAN CONTRACTORS A/S 238
    • CARGILL INC. 238
    • CCI BIOENERGY INC. 238
    • CH4 BIOGAS LLC 239
    • CH FOUR 239
    • CHEVRON ENERGY SOLUTIONS 240
    • CITEC INTERNATIONAL LTD. OY 240
    • CLARO 240
    • CLEAN WORLD 241
    • CLEARFLEAU LTD. 242
    • CLEAR HORIZONS 242
    • COLSEN INTERNATIONAL B.V. 242
    • CONDER SOLUTIONS 243
    • DMK INGERIERIA, S.L. 243
    • DOOSAN ENPURE LTD. 244
    • DVO INC. 244
    • EA ENGINEERING, SCIENCE, AND TECHNOLOGY 245
    • EBARA CORP. 245
    • ECOCORP INC. 245
    • ECOLAB 246
    • EGGERSMANN 246
    • EISENMANN CORP. 247
    • EKO TECHNOLOGY 247
    • EMISPEC 247
    • BDI-BIOENERGY INTERNATIONAL 248
    • ENTEC BIOGAS GMBH 248
    • ENVIRONMENTAL ENERGY ENGINEERING CO. (E3) 249
    • ENVIRONMENTAL ENERGY & ENGINEERING CO. (E3) 249
    • ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCTS & TECHNOLOGY CORP. (EPT) 250
    • ENVITEC BIOGAS 250
    • FARMATIC ANLAGENBAU GMBH 251
    • GAIARECYCLE 251
    • GENEARTH 252
    • GENERAL ELECTRIC CO. 252
    • GLOBAL WATER ENGINEERING (GWE) 253
    • GOODTECH ASA 253
    • GREENWATT 254
    • GUASCOR 254
    • HAASE ENERGIETECHNIK GMBH 255
    • HARVEST 255
    • HIMARK 255
    • KRIEG & FISCHER INGENIEURE GMBH 256
    • KRUGER INC. 256
    • MONSAL LTD. 257
    • MWH ENERGY SOLUTIONS 257
    • MWK BIOGASANLAGEN ROSENHEIM GMBH 258
    • NAHTEC 258
    • NIRAS 259
    • NIJHUIS WATER TECHNOLOGY 259
    • ORGANIC POWER 260
    • ORGANIC RECYCLING SYSTEMS (ORS) 260
    • ORGANIC WASTE SYSTEMS (OWS) 260
    • OVIVO 261
    • PAQUES BV 262
    • PRO-ACT MICROBIAL INC. 262
    • RCM INTERNATIONAL 263
    • REPUBLIC SERVICES INC. 263
    • ROS ROCA ENVIRONMENT 264
    • SANSUY 264
    • SCHMACK BIOGAS AG 264
    • SCHWARTING BIOSYSTEM GMBH 265
    • SCS ENGINEERS 266
    • SINTEX INDUSTRIES LTD. 266
    • SPECTRUM BIOENERGY LLC (SBE) 267
    • STORMFISHER BIOGAS 267
    • STRABAG UMWELTANLAGEN GMBH 268
    • SUEZ ENVIRONNEMENT 268
    • SWEDISH BIOGAS INTERNATIONAL AB (SBI) 269
    • TEG 269
    • TURNING EARTH 270
    • UEM GROUP 270
    • VALBIO CANADA 271
    • VALORGA INTERNATIONAL S.A.S. 271
    • WABIO BIOENERGIETECHNIK GMBH 272
    • WASTE MANAGEMENT 272
    • WEHRLE WERK AG 273
    • WELTEC BIOPOWER GMBH 273
    • WOG TECHNOLOGIES 273
    • YIELD 274
    • ZERO WASTE 274
    • ZORG BIOGAS AG 275

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE VALUE OF THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOGAS AND LANDFILL GAS EQUIPMENT FOR WASTE-DERIVED ENERGY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 9
  • TABLE 1 GLOBAL PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION BY SOURCE, 2011 (TWH, %) 11
  • TABLE 2 ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION FROM RENEWABLES BY SOURCE, 2011 (TWH, %) 12
  • TABLE 3 ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION FROM BIOMASS BY SOURCE, 2011 (TWH, %) 13
  • TABLE 4 GLOBAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY EMISSION TYPE (%) 15
  • TABLE 5 GLOBAL BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL BY FEED SOURCE (TOE/YR) 19
  • TABLE 6 SUITABLE FEEDSTOCKS FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTION 22
  • TABLE 7 TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF BIOGAS (%) 32
  • TABLE 8 MARKET FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTERS AND LANDFILL GAS EQUIPMENT BY FEED SOURCE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 40
  • TABLE 9 INDUSTRIAL WASTE FEEDSTOCKS FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTION: DRY MATTER CONTENT, ORGANIC DRY MATTER CONTENT, BIOGAS YIELD AND METHANE CONTENT 43
  • TABLE 10 ANIMAL WASTE FEEDSTOCKS FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTIO: DRY MATTER
  • CONTENT, ORGANIC DRY MATTER CONTENT, BIOGAS YIELD AND METHANE CONTENT 44
  • TABLE 11 PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS FOR MANURE-BASED BIOGAS PLANTS 45
  • TABLE 12 ENGINEERING, EQUIPMENT AND CONSTRUCTION COSTS FOR MANURE-BASED BIOGAS PLANTS ($) 46
  • TABLE 13 TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF LANDFILL BIOGAS 47
  • TABLE 14 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 51
  • TABLE 15 EFFICIENCY COMPARISON OF ELECTRICITY-ONLY PLANTS AND CHP PLANTS (%) 54
  • TABLE 16 GLOBAL GROWTH OF NGVS, 2000-2012 (MILLIONS) 56
  • TABLE 17 MARKET PENETRATION OF TOTAL VEHICLE FLEET IN COUNTRIES WITH A 1% OR GREATER NGV MARKET SHARE, 2012 (%) 57
  • TABLE 18 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT BY WORLD REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 61
  • TABLE 19 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IN NORTH AMERICA, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 68
  • TABLE 20 SHARE OF THE NORTH AMERICAN BIOGAS MARKET BY FEED SOURCE, MAY 2013 (NUMBER OF FACILITIES, %) 69
  • TABLE 21 U.S. RENEWABLE ENERGY SUPPLY, 2005-2014 (QUADRILLION BTU) 71
  • TABLE 22 PROPOSED U.S. LEGISLATION THAT DID NOT PASS 73
  • TABLE 23 OPERATIONAL U.S. ON-FARM DIGESTERS BY STATE, 1997-2012 77
  • TABLE 24 GROWTH OF ON-FARM BIOGAS DIGESTERS IN THE U.S. 1981-2013 (NO.) 83
  • TABLE 25 U.S. ON-FARM DIGESTERS BY SYSTEM TYPE, 2012 (NO.) 84
  • TABLE 26 TOP 10 STATES FOR ELECTRICITY GENERATION FROM SWINE AND DAIRY CATTLE MANURE 87
  • TABLE 27 SELF-GENERATION INCENTIVES IN CALIFORNIA 90
  • TABLE 28 INSTALLED LFG AND BIOGAS CHP GENERATION CAPACITY IN THE U.S., 1970-2010 (MW) 93
  • TABLE 29 INSTALLED LFG AND BIOGAS CHP GENERATION CAPACITY IN THE U.S. BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (MW, %) 94
  • TABLE 30 U.S. NATURAL GAS VEHICLE FUEL CONSUMPTION, 2000-2012 (MILLION FT3) 95
  • TABLE 31 U.S. LANDFILL GAS PROJECTS AND CANDIDATE PROJECTS, JUNE 28, 2012 (NO.) 98
  • TABLE 32 FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS IN ONTARIO (CENTS/KWH) 103
  • TABLE 33 FIT BONUSES IN ONTARIO (CENTS/KWH) 103
  • TABLE 34 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IN EUROPE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 113
  • TABLE 35 BIOGAS PRODUCTION FOR HEAT AND ELECTRICITY IN THE EU BY FEED SOURCE, 2006-2013 (KTOE) 114
  • TABLE 36 SHARE OF THE EUROPEAN BIOGAS MARKET BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (%) 115
  • TABLE 37 EU AND NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY TARGETS FOR 2020, AS OF SEPTEMBER 2013 (%) 116
  • TABLE 38 SUPPORT SCHEMES FOR BIOGAS IN EU COUNTRIES, 2012 118
  • TABLE 39 TOP 12 BIOGAS PRODUCERS IN THE EU, 2012 (TWH) 119
  • TABLE 40 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN THE EU BY 2020 (KTOE/%) 120
  • TABLE 41 EU-27 MUNICIPAL WASTE PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY AND DISPOSAL METHOD, 2011 (KG PER CAPITA, %) 122
  • TABLE 42 BIOGAS FOR HEAT AND ELECTRICITY IN THE EU BY FEED SOURCE, 2006-2013 (KTOE) 123
  • TABLE 43 CRUDE BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN THE EU BY COUNTRY, 2000 AND 2001 (KTOE) 125
  • TABLE 44 GROSS ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION FROM BIOGAS IN THE EU, 2008 AND 2009 (KTOE) 126
  • TABLE 45 GROSS ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION FROM BIOGAS IN THE EU, 2010 AND 2011 (GWH) 128
  • TABLE 46 PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION OF BIOGAS IN THE EU, 2009 AND 2010 (KTOE) 130
  • TABLE 47 PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION OF BIOGAS IN THE EU, 2011 (KTOE) 132
  • TABLE 48 BIOGAS PLANTS IN AUSTRIA BY FEED SOURCE, APRIL 2013 (NO., %) 134
  • TABLE 49 AUSTRIAN FITS FOR ELECTRICITY FROM BIOGAS ($/KWH) 135
  • TABLE 50 BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN BELGIUM, 2012 136
  • TABLE 51 BIOGAS PLANTS IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC, BY FEED SOURCE, 2013 (NUMBER/% OF PLANTS) 139
  • TABLE 52 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN DENMARK BY FEED SOURCE, 2013 (NO./%) 140
  • TABLE 53 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN FINLAND BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2012 (NO., %) 143
  • TABLE 54 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN FINLAND BY 2015 (TWH) 144
  • TABLE 55 BIOGAS PLANTS IN FRANCE BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO.) 145
  • TABLE 56 GERMAN BIOGAS PLANTS BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO., %) 147
  • TABLE 57 GERMAN FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS ENERGY UNDER EEG 2012 (EUROCENTS/KWH) 149
  • TABLE 58 FIT FFEDSTOCK BONUS CLASSES UNDER EEG 2012 (EUROCENTS/KWH) 149
  • TABLE 59 BIOMETHANE PRODUCTION BONUS UNDER EEG 2012 (EUROCENTS/KWH) 149
  • TABLE 60 BIOWASTE DIGESTION BONUS UNDER EEG 2012 (EUROCENTS/KWH) 150
  • TABLE 61 FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR GREEK BIOGAS BY FEED SOURCE (EUROCENT/KWH) 151
  • TABLE 62 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN HUNGARY BY FEED SOURCE (TWH, %) 152
  • TABLE 63 BIOGAS PLANTS IN IRELAND BY TYPE, 2012 (NO.) 153
  • TABLE 64 BIOGAS AND METHANE POTENTIAL FROM FARM SLURRIES AND SLAUGHTER WASTES IN IRELAND, 2010 AND 2020 154
  • TABLE 65 FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS SUPPORT IN IRELAND (EUROCENT/KWH) 154
  • TABLE 66 BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN ITALY BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (%) 156
  • TABLE 67 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN ITALY BY FEED SOURCE (MILLION MT/YR, %) 157
  • TABLE 68 ITALIAN FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION (EUROCENTS/KWH) 158
  • TABLE 69 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN LATVIA BY FEED SOURCE (MILLION M3/YR, %) 159
  • TABLE 70 FITS FOR BIOGAS IN LITHUANIA (EUROCENTS/KWH) 161
  • TABLE 71 BIOGAS PLANTS IN THE NETHERLANDS BY FEED SOURCE, 2013 (NO., %) 163
  • TABLE 72 FEED-IN TARIFFS IN THE NETHERLANDS, 2013 164
  • TABLE 73 BIOGAS PLANTS IN NORWAY, BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO./%) 164
  • TABLE 74 POTENTIAL ENERGY PRODUCTION IN NORWAY BY WASTE RESOURCES AND BY-PRODUCTS (%) 165
  • TABLE 75 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN POLAND BY FEED SOURCE AND INSTALLED ENERGY CAPACITY, 2012 (NO., MW) 167
  • TABLE 76 FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS IN SLOVAKIA, 2012 (EUROS/KWH) 171
  • TABLE 77 BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN SLOVENIA BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO., %) 171
  • TABLE 78 FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS IN SLOVENIA 173
  • TABLE 79 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN SPAIN BY FEED SOURCE 174
  • TABLE 80 BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN SWEDEN BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO., %) 175
  • TABLE 81 END USES FOR BIOGAS IN SWEDEN, 2012 (%) 176
  • TABLE 82 NATURAL GAS/BIOGAS FILLING STATIONS IN SWEDEN, 1995-2012 (NO.) 178
  • TABLE 83 VOLUMES OF VEHICLE GAS SOLD IN SWEDEN, 1995-2013 (1,000 M3) 179
  • TABLE 84 BIOGAS PLANTS IN SWITZERLAND BY FEED SOURCE, 2013 (NUMBER, %) 180
  • TABLE 85 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN THE U.K. BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO., %) 182
  • TABLE 86 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN THE U.K. (MT/YR, %) 183
  • TABLE 87 FEED-IN TARIFFS IN THE U.K. (EUROCENTS/KWH) 184
  • TABLE 88 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IN ASIA, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 191
  • TABLE 89 BIOGAS POTENTIAL IN INDIA FROM AGRO-INDUSTRIAL WASTES BY FEED SOURCE (MW, %) 193
  • TABLE 90 BIOGAS PLANTS IN SOUTH KOREA BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO., %) 196
  • TABLE 91 DOMESTIC BIOGAS PLANTS INSTALLED THROUGH SNV IN EMERGING ASIA, 1992-2013 198
  • TABLE 92 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IN AFRICA, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 206
  • TABLE 93 DOMESTIC BIOGAS PLANTS IN AFRICA BUILT UNDER THE AFRICA BIOGAS PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM, THROUGH 2012 207
  • TABLE 94 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IN LATIN AMERICA, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 214
  • TABLE 95 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN CHILE BY FEED SOURCE 217

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE VALUE OF THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOGAS AND LANDFILL GAS EQUIPMENT FOR WASTE-DERIVED ENERGY, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 9
  • FIGURE 1 GLOBAL PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION BY SOURCE, 2011 (TWH, %) 12
  • FIGURE 2 ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION FROM RENEWABLES BY SOURCE, 2011 (TWH, %) 13
  • FIGURE 3 ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION FROM BIOMASS BY SOURCE, 2011 (TWH, %) 13
  • FIGURE 4 GLOBAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY EMISSION TYPE (%) 15
  • FIGURE 5 GLOBAL BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL BY FEED SOURCE (TOE/YR) 19
  • FIGURE 6 THE BIOGAS VALUE CHAIN 35
  • FIGURE 7 MARKET FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTERS AND LANDFILL GAS EQUIPMENT BY FEED SOURCE, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 40
  • FIGURE 8 TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF LANDFILL BIOGAS (%) 47
  • FIGURE 9 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTHFOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT BY END USE, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 52
  • FIGURE 10 EFFICIENCY COMPARISON OF ELECTRICITY-ONLY PLANTS AND CHP PLANTS (%) 54
  • FIGURE 11 GLOBAL GROWTH OF NGVS, 2000-2012 (MILLIONS) 56
  • FIGURE 12 MARKET PENETRATION OF TOTAL VEHICLE FLEET IN COUNTRIES WITH A 1% OR GREATER NGV MARKET SHARE, 2012 (%) 57
  • FIGURE 13 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT BY WORLD REGION, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 61
  • FIGURE 14 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IN NORTH AMERICA, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 68
  • FIGURE 15 SHARE OF THE NORTH AMERICAN BIOGAS MARKET BY FEED SOURCE, MAY 2013 (%) 69
  • FIGURE 16 U.S. RENEWABLE ENERGY SUPPLY, 2005-2014 (QUADRILLION BTU) 71
  • FIGURE 17 WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS NEAR FEDERAL FACILITIES 75
  • FIGURE 18 U.S. ON-FARM DIGESTERS BY STATE, 2012 (NO.) 83
  • FIGURE 19 GROWTH OF ON-FARM BIOGAS DIGESTERS IN THE U.S., 1981-2013 (NO.) 84
  • FIGURE 20 U.S. ON-FARM DIGESTERS BY SYSTEM TYPE, 2012 85
  • FIGURE 21 ELECTRIC POWER PRODUCTION POTENTIAL FROM U.S. DAIRY FARMS, BY STATE 86
  • FIGURE 22 ELECTRIC POWER PRODUCTION POTENTIAL FROM U.S. HOG FARMS, BY STATE 86
  • FIGURE 23 RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARDS, MARCH 2013 89
  • FIGURE 24 INSTALLED LFG AND BIOGAS CHP GENERATION CAPACITY IN THE U.S., 1970-2010 (MW) 93
  • FIGURE 25 INSTALLED LFG AND BIOGAS CHP GENERATION CAPACITY IN THE U.S. BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (MW, %) 94
  • FIGURE 26 U.S. NATURAL GAS VEHICLE FUEL CONSUMPTION, 2000-2012 (MILLION FT3) 95
  • FIGURE 27 U.S. NATURAL GAS PIPELINE NETWORK, 2012 96
  • FIGURE 28 U.S. LANDFILL GAS PROJECTS AND CANDIDATE PROJECTS, JUNE 28, 2012 (NO.) 99
  • FIGURE 29 STATES WITH RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARDS AND STATES WITH RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO GOALS, 2012 101
  • FIGURE 30 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IN EUROPE, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 113
  • FIGURE 31 BIOGAS PRODUCTION FOR HEAT AND ELECTRICITY IN THE EU BY FEED SOURCE, 2006-2013 (KTOE) 114
  • FIGURE 32 SHARE OF THE EUROPEAN BIOGAS MARKET BY FEED SOURCE (%) 115
  • FIGURE 33 EU AND NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY TARGETS FOR 2020, AS OF SEPTEMBER 2013 (%) 117
  • FIGURE 34 TOP 12 BIOGAS PRODUCERS IN THE EU, 2012 (TWH) 119
  • FIGURE 35 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN THE EU BY 2020 (%) 121
  • FIGURE 36 BIOGAS FOR HEAT AND ELECTRICITY IN THE EU BY FEED SOURCE, 2006-2013 (KTOE) 123
  • FIGURE 37 CRUDE BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN THE EU BY COUNTRY, 2000 AND 2001 (KTOE) 125
  • FIGURE 38 GROSS ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION FROM BIOGAS IN THE EU, 2008 AND 2009 (KTOE) 126
  • FIGURE 39 GROSS ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION FROM BIOGAS IN THE EU, 2010 AND 2011 (GWH) 128
  • FIGURE 40 PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION OF BIOGAS IN THE EU, 2009 AND 2010 (KTOE) 130
  • FIGURE 41 PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION OF BIOGAS IN THE EU, 2011 (KTOE) 132
  • FIGURE 42 BIOGAS PLANTS IN AUSTRIA BY FEED SOURCE, APRIL 2013 (NO., %) 134
  • FIGURE 43 BIOGAS PLANTS IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC, BY FEED SOURCE, 2013 (NUMBER/% OF PLANTS) 139
  • FIGURE 44 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN DENMARK BY FEED SOURCE, 2013 (NO., %) 140
  • FIGURE 45 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN FINLAND BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2012 (NO., %) 143
  • FIGURE 46 BIOGAS PLANTS IN FRANCE BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO.) 146
  • FIGURE 47 GERMAN BIOGAS PLANTS BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO., %) 147
  • FIGURE 48 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN HUNGARY BY FEED SOURCE (TWH, %) 152
  • FIGURE 49 BIOGAS PLANTS IN IRELAND BY TYPE, 2012 (NO.) 153
  • FIGURE 50 BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN ITALY BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (%) 156
  • FIGURE 51 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN ITALY BY FEED SOURCE (MILLION MT/YR, %) 157
  • FIGURE 52 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN LATVIA BY FEED SOURCE (MILLION M3/YR, %) 159
  • FIGURE 53 BIOGAS PLANTS IN NORWAY, BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO./%) 165
  • FIGURE 54 POTENTIAL ENERGY PRODUCTION IN NORWAY BY WASTE RESOURCES AND BY-PRODUCTS (%) 165
  • FIGURE 55 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN POLAND BY FEED SOURCE AND INSTALLED ENERGY CAPACITY, 2012 (NO., MW) 168
  • FIGURE 56 BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN SLOVENIA BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NUMBER OF PLANTS, %) 171
  • FIGURE 57 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN SPAIN BY FEED SOURCE (M3/YR.) 174
  • FIGURE 58 BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN SWEDEN BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO.,%) 175
  • FIGURE 59 END USES FOR BIOGAS IN SWEDEN, 2012 (%) 176
  • FIGURE 60 NATURAL GAS/BIOGAS FILLING STATIONS IN SWEDEN, 1995-2012 (NO.) 178
  • FIGURE 61 VOLUMES OF VEHICLE GAS SOLD IN SWEDEN, 1995-2013 (1,000 M3) 179
  • FIGURE 62 BIOGAS PLANTS IN SWITZERLAND BY FEED SOURCE, 2013 (NUMBER, %) 181
  • FIGURE 63 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN THE U.K. BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO., %) 182
  • FIGURE 64 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IN ASIA, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 191
  • FIGURE 65 BIOGAS POTENTIAL IN INDIA FROM AGRO-INDUSTRIAL WASTES BY FEED SOURCE (MW, %) 193
  • FIGURE 66 BIOGAS PLANTS IN SOUTH KOREA BY FEED SOURCE, 2012 (NO., %) 196
  • FIGURE 67 DOMESTIC BIOGAS PLANTS INSTALLED THROUGH SNV IN EMERGING ASIA, 1992-2013 198
  • FIGURE 68 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IN AFRICA, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 206
  • FIGURE 69 DOMESTIC BIOGAS PLANTS IN AFRICA BUILT UNDER THE AFRICA BIOGAS PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM, THROUGH 2012 (NO.) 207
  • FIGURE 70 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IN LATIN AMERICA, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 214
  • FIGURE 71 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN CHILE BY FEED SOURCE (THOUSAND M3/YR.) 218
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